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Fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute

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RFID-Einsatz im Supply Chain Management. Diplomarbeit 2010 181 Seiten. 1.3 Aufbau der Arbeit. 2. Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management und der RFID-Technologie. 2.1 Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.1 Definition der Supply Chain. 2.1.2 Abgrenzung der Supply Chain von der Logistikkette.

2.1.3 Supply Chain Management. 2.1.3.1 Definition des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.3.2 Organisatorische Rollen im Rahmen des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4 Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4.1 Ziele des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4.2 Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. 2.2 Grundlegende Eigenschaften und Funktionsweisen von RFID.

2.2.1 Was ist RFID? 2.2.2 Einordnung der RFID-Technologie im Bereich der Auto-ID-Systeme. 2.2.3 Aufbau und Funktionsweise von RFID-Systemen. 2.2.4 Technische Eigenschaften von RFID-Systemen. 2.2.4.3 Frequenz und Reichweite. 3. Fountainhead Essay Contest? Einsatzmoglichkeiten und Bedeutung von RFID im SCM. 3.1 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten in der Produktion. 3.1.2 Anlieferung von Rohstoffen und Baugruppen. 3.1.3 Auszeichnung von Teilen, Halbfertigprodukten oder Produkten. 3.1.4 Uberwachung und Steuerung von Produktionsprozessen.

3.1.5 Positionsortung von Produkten. 3.1.7 Ausrustung von Maschinen und Werkzeugen. 3.1.8 Personliche Signatur. 3.1.9 Tracking Tracing. 3.1.10 Erfolgsfaktoren fur den Einsatz von RFID in Produktionsprozessen. 3.2 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten in how to write school jesuit, der Logistik. 3.2.3 Eingangs- und Ausgangskontrollen. 3.2.5 Einlagerungs-, Bereitstellungs- und Auslagerungsprozesse.

3.2.8 Inventur und Bestandsgenauigkeit. 3.2.10 Erfolgsfaktoren fur den Einsatz von RFID in institute, Logistikprozessen. 3.3 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten im Handel. 3.3.2 Warenlieferung an den Markt. 3.3.3 Warenverfugbarkeit und Out-of-Stock-Situationen. 3.3.5 Ruckverfolgbarkeit der Ware. 3.3.6 Bezahlung von Waren. 3.3.7 Diebstahlsicherung und Umtausch. 3.3.8 Inventur im Markt.

3.3.9 Erfolgsfaktoren fur den Einsatz von RFID in Handelsprozessen. 4. Malayalam? Wirtschaftlichkeit und Entscheidungsfaktoren. 4.1 Ermittlung der Wirtschaftlichkeit. 4.1.3 Nutzenpotenziale fur den Einsatz von RFID. 4.2 Fordernde Faktoren.

4.3 Hemmende Faktoren. 4.4 Daten- und Verbraucherschutz. 5. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? Praxisbeispiele fur den RFID-Einsatz. 5.2 Praxisbeispiel Deutz AG. 6. Zusammenfassung und Ausblick. Abbildung in phd thesis, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 1: Logistik, Supply Chain Supply Chain Management. Abbildung 2: Die wichtigsten Auto-ID-Verfahren. Abbildung 3: Grundlegender Aufbau eines RFID-Systems.

Abbildung 4: Unterschiedliche Transponderbauformen. Abbildung 5: Darstellung moglicher Einsatzfelder der Logistikdienstleister. Abbildung 6: Moglicher innerbetrieblicher Materialfluss. Abbildung 7: Kosten fur die Komponenten eines RFID-Systems. Abbildung 8: Investitionskosten RFID. Abbildung 9: Folgekosten eines RFID-Systems.

Abbildung 10: Quantitative Nutzenpotenziale durch den Einsatz von RFID. Abbildung 11: Qualitative Nutzenpotenziale durch den Einsatz von RFID. Abbildung 12: Erwartungen an essay institute, die RFID-Technologie. Abbildung 13: Hemmfaktoren fur den RFID-Einsatz. Abbildung 14: Besonders geeignete Bereiche fur den RFID-Einsatz. Globalisierung, steigender Preisdruck, kurzere Produktlebenszyklen sowie zunehmender Wettbewerbsdruck stellen Unternehmen aller Branchen vor neue Herausforderungen und zwingen sie zu Veranderungen. 1 Unternehmen stehen unter einem enormen Kostendruck und mussen einerseits innerbetriebliche Prozesse optimieren, um Kosten einzusparen, und andererseits neue Dienstleistungen anbieten und Kooperationen eingehen, um ihre Marktposition zu behaupten und wettbewerbsfahig zu bleiben. Hinzu kommt die Problematik, dass bestimmte Hurden - wie eine optimale Warenver- fugbarkeit, Out-of-Stock-Situationen, Steigerung der Lieferzuverlassigkeit, Reduzie- rung von Durchlaufzeiten oder der Bullwhip-Effekt - nur bedingt durch ein einzelnes Unternehmen gelost werden konnen. Um im zunehmenden Wettbewerb zu bestehen, schlie?en Unternehmen sich deshalb haufig zu strategischen Netzwerken zusammen und versuchen durch eine effiziente Gestaltung der Prozesse Win-win-Situationen zu schaffen.

Durch eine Kooperationen konnen die einzelnen Akteure sich auf ihre Kern- kompetenzen beschranken, Unternehmensteile ohne strategische Relevanz outsourcen und dadurch Flexibilitatsvorteile sowie Einsparpotenziale realisieren, die bei einer iso- lierten Optimierung der eigenen Wertschopfungskette nicht umzusetzen waren. 2. Fur die unternehmensubergreifende Gestaltung und Steuerung dieser Unternehmens- netzwerke wird der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie eine bedeutende Rolle zugesprochen. 3 Ebenso gewinnt der Erfolgsfaktor Flexibilitat zunehmend an argumentative research assignment sheet, Bedeutung, damit Unternehmen auf steigende Kundenerwartungen und plotzliche Veranderungen auf dem Markt reagieren konnen. Die Grundung von Netzwerken und die Kooperation mit anderen Unternehmen bilden die Grundlage fur das Supply Chain Management dar. 4 Die schnelle und prazise Bereitstellung von Informationen stellt fur ein erfolgreiches Supply Chain Management demnach einen entscheidenden Erfolgsfaktor dar. Essay Contest? Kritische Schnittstellen zwischen den einzelnen Prozessen innerhalb einer Supply Chain stellen fur alle Beteiligten ein Hindernis dar. Sie beeintrachtigen eine reibungslose Steuerung der unternehmensubergreifenden Ablaufe und fuhren zum Informationsverlust, zu Verzogerungen und zu Doppelaufwand.

5. Automatische Identifikationssysteme konnen dazu beitragen, den Informationsfluss zwischen den Unternehmen zu beschleunigen und die Schnittstellenproblematik zu re- duzieren. Malayalam Search? Einige Identifikationstechnologien, wie beispielsweise der weit verbreitete Barcode, haben jedoch ihre Leistungsgrenze erreicht und konnen bei der Beseitigung der genannten Problematik nur bedingt eingesetzt werden. Essay Contest Institute? Um den erforderlichen In- formationsfluss und die notige Transparenz entlang der Supply Chain dennoch zu ge- wahrleisten, mussen alternative Identifikationstechnologien eingesetzt werden. Dem Supply Chain Management wird seit geraumer Zeit aufgrund des Potenzials zu Kosteneinsparungen eine elementare Bedeutung zugesprochen. Search? So konnte IBM beispielsweise im Geschaftsjahr 2004 durch eine Straffung der Wertschopfungsaktivitaten circa sieben Milliarden US-Dollar einsparen.

6 Eine effiziente Realisierung des Supply Chain Management setzt jedoch voraus, dass Entscheidungen jederzeit auf der Grundlage genauer Daten und Statistiken getroffen werden. Auto-ID-Systeme werden unter anderem dazu eingesetzt, die Bewegungen eines Objek- tes innerhalb einer logistischen Kette nachzuvollziehen. Essay Ayn Rand? 7 Bis vor wenigen Jahren wur- den dazu nahezu ausnahmslos Barcodes eingesetzt. Cruel Angel Rei Asuka Misato? Vor einigen Jahren sind dann ver- schiedene Branchen auf die RFID-Technologie aufmerksam geworden. Contest Institute? 8 RFID ist in der Lage, Objekte mithilfe von elektromagnetischen Wellen automatisch und ohne Sicht- kontakt zu identifizieren. Die Erwartungen an malayalam, die Technologie sind in den letzten Jah- ren stetig gestiegen, wodurch RFID branchenubergreifend zu einem zentralen Hoff- nungstrager geworden ist. Viele Unternehmen erhoffen sich durch den RFID-Einsatz Zeit- und Kosteneinsparungen. 9 Gro?e Unternehmen, wie beispielsweise die Metro Group, setzen RFID bereits zur Optimierung ihrer Supply Chain ein. Essay Ayn Rand Institute? Mittels des Electronic Product Code wird jedem Produkt eine individuelle Seriennummer zugeordnet 10 , wodurch Daten an angel misato, vorgesehenen Stellen innerhalb der Supply Chain ausgetauscht und Warenflusse in Echtzeit abgebildet werden konnen. Neben vielen Insellosungen und Pilotprojekten wird RFID bereits von namhaften In- dustrie- und Handelsunternehmen erfolgreich eingesetzt.

Die Metro zahlt zu den be- deutendsten internationale Handelsunternehmen und setzt RFID bereits seit mehreren Jahren in contest institute, allen Cash Carry-Gro?markten sowie in neun Lagern der MGL Metro Group Logistics zur effizienten Steuerung der Supply Chain-Prozesse ein. 11 Fur 2010 wird ein Anstieg der weltweit verkauften RFID-Transponder auf 2,31 Milliarden Stuck gegenuber 1,98 Milliarden im Vorjahr erwartet. 12 Weiterhin wird fur Deutschland im Zeitraum 2006 bis 2016 beim RFID-Umsatz eine durchschnittliche jahrliche Wachstumsrate von 19 % auf 2,2 Milliarden Euro erwartet. 13 Die prognostizierte zukunftige Entwicklung unterstreicht die hohe Erwartungshaltung und das Potenzial dieser Technologie. Dennoch sind die Meinungen hinsichtlich des Einsatzes sowie der zukunftigen Ent- wicklung von RFID kontrovers. Application Jesuit? Viele Anwender sind sich hinsichtlich der technologi- schen Entwicklung und Wirtschaftlichkeit von RFID unsicher.

Zahlreiche Diskussionen in essay ayn rand, Fachbuchern und in malayalam search, der Presse uber den Mehrwert von RFID, im Vergleich zu ande- ren Auto-ID-Systemen, tragen ebenfalls zur Verunsicherung interessierter Anwender bei. Im Hinblick auf die in Kapitel 1.1 geschilderte Problematik untersucht die vorliegende Arbeit zum einen, inwieweit Prozesse durch den Einsatz von RFID effizienter gestaltet und Kostenvorteile generiert werden konnen. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? Zum anderen wird analysiert, wie durch den Einsatz von RFID der Informationsfluss im Supply Chain Management verbessert werden kann und zu einer hoheren Transparenz fuhren kann. Argumentative? Bei der Betrachtung des Supply Chain Management steht der Informations- und Warenfluss im Vordergrund, bei der RFID-Technologie richtet sich die Aufmerksamkeit insbesondere auf die funktionalen Eigenschaften. Zu Beginn dieser Arbeit findet zunachst eine Abgrenzung zwischen der Supply Chain und der Logistik statt. Contest Institute? Danach werden die Grundlagen sowie die Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management erlautert.

Anschlie?end werden die Eigenschaften und die Funktionsweise der RFID-Technologie beschrieben. Paper Plasma Interaction? Das dritte Kapitel dieser Arbeit ist in essay contest ayn rand, die Branchen Industrie, Logistik und Handel gegliedert. Dabei wird zunachst die Ausgangslage der jeweiligen Branche dargestellt, bevor die Einsatzmoglichkeiten der RFID-Technologie in malayalam search, branchentypischen Prozessen aufgezeigt werden. Bei dieser Be- trachtung steht die Optimierung einzelner Prozesse im Vordergrund, die durch den Ein- satz von RFID generiert werden kann. Im Anschluss werden mogliche Hemmnisse und Risiken dargestellt. Essay Contest? Im vierten Teil dieser Arbeit werden die anfallenden Kosten eines RFID-Einsatzes veranschaulicht. Im funften Kapitel werden Unternehmen vorgestellt, die RFID in essays, der Praxis einsetzen, um ihre Prozesse effizienter zu steuern.

Das letzte Kapitel bildet den Abschluss der Arbeit, in fountainhead essay ayn rand, dem die gewonnenen Erkennt- nisse zusammengefasst werden und ein Ausblick uber zukunftige Entwicklungen ver- mittelt wird. 2. Malayalam Essay? Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management und der RFID-Technologie. Das Kapitel 2 gliedert sich in ayn rand institute, zwei Teile und soll dazu dienen, dem Leser einen Uber- blick uber die Themen Supply Chain Management und RFID-Technologie vermitteln. 2.1 Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management. In Kapitel 2.1 werden zunachst die Begriffe Supply Chain und Supply Chain Management definiert und von der Logistikkette abgegrenzt. Biometric Phd Thesis? Anschlie?end werden die Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management erlautert. Supply Chain stammt aus dem Englischen und bedeutet Liefer- oder auch Versorgungskette. Essay Contest Ayn Rand? Unternehmensubergreifend wird unter dem Begriff auch eine Wertschopfungskette verstanden. 14 Unternehmen sahen sich in term plasma interaction, der Vergangenheit als unabhangige Einheiten, die bedingt durch den gro?en Konkurrenzdruck nur eigene Interessen verfolgten.

Aufgrund der Erkenntnis, dass der eigene Erfolg einerseits von dem Erfolg der Lieferanten und andererseits von der Zufriedenheit der Kunden abhangt, fand bei den Unternehmen in den letzten Jahren ein Umdenken statt. Essay Ayn Rand Institute? 15. In der Literatur wird oft zwischen der unternehmensinternen und der unternehmensubergreifenden Supply Chain unterschieden. Die unternehmensinterne Supply Chain zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass ein vorgelagerter Bereich seinen jeweils nachgelagerten versorgt und die Wertschopfung stufenweise zunimmt. Malayalam? Je nach Fertigungstiefe einer Unternehmung kann die interne Supply Chain beispielsweise die Stufen Wareneingang, Hochregallager, Kommissionierung, Zwischenlager und Versand umfassen. Die unternehmensubergreifende Supply Chain zeichnet sich durch die Verzahnung samtlicher Aktivitaten der beteiligten Partner aus. 16. 2.1.2 Abgrenzung der Supply Chain von der Logistikkette. Die Logistik umfasst alle Steuerungs- und Planungsma?nahmen beim Transport und der Lagerung von Gutern in allen Bereichen eines Unternehmens. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? 17 Weiterhin hat die Lo- gistik dafur zu sorgen, dass die richtigen Produkte in der richtigen Menge in term paper on laser plasma interaction, der richti- gen Qualitat zum richtigen Zeitpunkt zu den richtigen Kosten am richtigen Ort mit dem richtigen Wissen bereitgestellt werden. Essay Contest? 18 Der Schwerpunkt des abgeleiteten Begriffs Logistikkette liegt demnach auf den physischen Tatigkeiten der Logistik.

19. Bei der Supply Chain geht es um die unternehmensubergreifende Zusammenarbeit aller Supply-Chain-Partner. Thesis? 20 Das unternehmensubergreifende Denken und Handeln, welches auch die begleitenden Geld- und Informationsflusse abdeckt und sich vom Rohstofflie- feranten bis zum Endverbraucher ausdehnt, stellt den wesentlichen Unterschied zur Lo- gistikkette dar. Essay Contest? 21. Die Begriffe Supply Chain, Liefer- und Wertschopfungskette sind somit weiter gefasst als die Logistikkette und werden im Rahmen dieser Arbeit synonym verwendet.

2.1.3.1 Definition des Supply Chain Management. Das Supply Chain Management stammt aus den USA und hat sich Mitte der 90er Jahre in Deutschland etabliert. Essay? Es stellt kein vollstandig neues Konzept dar, sondern integriert teilweise bereits bekannte Ansatze und Ideen in fountainhead essay institute, ein Gesamtkonzept. How To School Application Jesuit? 22 Ebenso wenig ist das Supply Chain Management ein Patentrezept, welches bei Anwendung automatisch Erfolg verspricht, sondern formuliert vielmehr Leitlinien, an ayn rand institute, denen sich Denken und Handeln ausrichten sollen. Biometric? 23. Bisher hat sich weder in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur noch unter den Praktikern eine einheitliche Definition des Supply Chain Management etablieren konnen. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? 24 Der Grund dafur liegt insbesondere darin, dass das Konzept seine Wurzeln in term paper on laser, der Unternehmens- praxis hat und kein in der betriebswirtschaftlichen Theorie entwickeltes Konzept ist. 25 Fur Werner kennzeichnet ein Supply Chain Management als Handhabung netzwerk- gerichteter integrierter Unternehmensaktivitaten von Versorgung, Entsorgung und Re- cycling. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 26 Arndt definiert Supply Chain Management als unternehmensubergreifende Koordination und Optimierung der Material-, Informations- und Wertflusse uber den gesamten Wertschopfungsprozess von der Rohstoffgewinnung uber die einzelnen Veredelungsstufen bis hin zum Endkunden. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka? 27 Die begrifflichen Klarungen differieren teilweise, dennoch scheint allgemein akzeptiert, dass im Supply Chain Management Verbesserungspotenziale an den Schnittstellen sowohl unternehmungsintern als auch - extern aufgedeckt und beseitigt werden sollen.

28 Die vorliegende Arbeit lehnt sich an essay ayn rand, die Definition von Lawrenz unter anderem an. Biometric Phd Thesis? Demzufolge hat das Supply Chain Management die Aufgabe, den physischen Material- und Warenfluss innerhalb und zwischen Unternehmen und die zugehorigen dispositiven und administrativen Prozesse so zu gestalten und zu betreiben, dass eine fehlerfreie, storungsrobuste, schnelle und wirtschaftliche Versorgung des Endkunden gewahrleistet wird. 29. Abbildung in essay contest institute, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 1: Logistik, Supply Chain Supply Chain Management 30.

Aufgrund der zunehmenden Verlagerung des Wettbewerbs, der weniger zwischen ein- zelnen Unternehmen, sondern vielmehr zwischen gesamten Supply Chains stattfindet, stellt die Bildung von Netzwerken eine richtungsweisende Grundlage dar, um die Wettbewerbsfahigkeit nachhaltig zu erhalten. Essays On Gangster? 31 Die Akteure entlang der Supply Chain konnen sich auf ihre Kernkompetenzen beschranken und dadurch konkurrenzfahiger werden. 32. 2.1.3.2 Organisatorische Rollen im Rahmen des Supply Chain Management. Eine Analyse der Lieferketten unterschiedlicher Branchen zeigt, dass in fountainhead essay institute, Lieferketten Arbeitsteilung herrscht und jedes Unternehmen unterschiedliche Aufgaben wahrnimmt, wie beispielsweise Produktion, Lagerung oder Verkauf. On Laser Interaction? 33 In Anlehnung an institute, Vilkov und Wei? werden zum besseren Verstandnis nachfolgend die Rollen der einzelnen SupplyChain-Partner voneinander abgegrenzt. Die Abgrenzung schlie?t jedoch nicht aus, dass ein Supply-Chain-Mitglied gleichzeitig mehrere Rollen erfullt.

34. Ein Supply-Chain-Mitglied, dessen primare Aufgabe die Produktion von Rohstoffen, von halbfertigen und/oder fertigen Erzeugnissen ist, wird als Hersteller bezeichnet. Application Essay Jesuit? Ebenso kann ein Zulieferer, der seine Erzeugnisse selbst herstellt, ein Hersteller sein. 35. Die primare Aufgabe eines Zentrallagers ist die Zwischenlagerung von Wirtschaftsgutern. Dabei kann es sich - wie im Rahmen dieser Arbeit - beispielsweise um einen Gro?handel, ein Zwischenlager oder auch ein Verteilzentrum handeln. Die Bedeutung der Logistikdienstleister hat in den letzten Jahren stark zugenommen und steigt kontinuierlich an. 36 Neben der Beforderung von materiellen Wirtschaftsgutern ubernehmen Logistikdienstleister zunehmend auch Aufgaben wie zum Beispiel Aufbereitung, Wartung oder Auftragszusammenstellung.

Ein Logistikdienstleister kann zudem auch Produktionsaufgaben ubernehmen, beispielsweise in essay, der Automobilproduktion, wodurch er im Hinblick auf die Fertigstellung des Endproduktes dennoch als Logistikdienstleister betrachtet wird. Essay? Der Logistikdienstleister kann somit zwischen allen Beteiligten einer Supply Chain fungieren. Die primare Aufgabe eines Handlers ist der Vertrieb von Fertigerzeugnissen an fountainhead contest, die Endverbraucher beziehungsweise Konsumenten. Search? Im Kontext dieser Arbeit nimmt der Einzelhandel diese Rolle ein. Als Endkunde wird der Verwender und Endverbraucher des Produktes verstanden. Er steht am Ende der gesamten Wertschopfung. 2.1.4 Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4.1 Ziele des Supply Chain Management.

Die Idee zur ganzheitlichen Optimierung betriebswirtschaftlicher Prozesse ist nicht neu, jedoch haben sich die Ziele des Supply Chain Management in fountainhead ayn rand, den letzten drei Jahr- zehnten bedeutend geandert. Argumentative Research? 37 In den 70er Jahren wurde mithilfe eines isolierten Logis- tik Managements versucht, die Lagerbestande zu reduzieren. Ein Management der ge- samten Supply Chain wurde noch nicht betrieben. Fountainhead Institute? Das Supply Chain Management ent- wickelte sich in how to school application jesuit, den 80er Jahren und verfolgte das Ziel, die Gesamtkosten der Supply Chain zu reduzieren. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand? In den 90er Jahren wurde die Zielvorstellung um den langfristigen und nachhaltigen Geschaftserfolg erganzt. Argumentative Paper Sheet? 38 Als ubergeordnetes Ziel des modernen Supply Chain Management kann die Erschlie?ung unternehmensubergreifender Erfolgs- potenziale und somit die Optimierung der gesamten Wertschopfungskette verstanden werden. 39 Die oberste Zielsetzung besteht demzufolge darin, ein Ergebnismaximum im Netzwerk zu erreichen, von dem alle Supply-Chain-Akteure profitieren konnen. Essay Institute? 40 Durch die Anwendung geeigneter Konzepte soll die Effektivitat und Effizienz der Prozesse unternehmensubergreifend erhoht werden. Essay? Die entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktoren Kosten, Zeit, Qualitat und Flexibilitat werden gleich stark gewichtet und bilden ein strategisches Viereck.

Temporar kann einem Faktor auch eine starkere Bedeutung zu- geteilt werden: Wenn beispielsweise ein Unternehmen einen Markt als Pionier bearbei- ten mochte, kann der Faktor Zeit dominierend sein. 41 Die Festlegung der Zielsetzungen und die Gewichtung der Ziele kann fur die Supply Chain generell oder auch spezifisch fur einzelne Mitglieder ausgearbeitet werden. Contest Institute? 42. Die Moglichkeiten, mithilfe des Supply Chain Management Kosten einzusparen, sind sehr vielfaltig. Cruel Rei Asuka Misato? In der Literatur wird oftmals die Reduzierung von Nachfrageschwan- kungen aufgrund des Bullwhip-Effekts an fountainhead essay, erster Stelle genannt. 43 Ein zeitnaher Infor- mationsaustausch bildet dabei die Grundlage, um gro?e Bestandsreserven zu vermeiden, Lagerhaltungskosten zu senken und dadurch das in den Lagern gebundene Kapital zu verringern. Ebenso konnen durch eine bedarfsgerechte Produktions- und Distributionsplanung die Abschreibungen auf nicht mehr verkaufliche Waren reduziert werden.

44 Die Senkung der Transportkosten sowie die Reduzierung der Kapitalbindung durch verkurzte Durchlaufzeiten sind weitere Ma?nahmen, um Kostenvorteile zu reali- sieren. Durch eine unternehmensubergreifende Zusammenarbeit im Supply Chain Management konnen zeitliche Vorteile generiert werden. Cruel Angel Thesis Misato? Zum einen kann durch die Kooperation von Lieferanten und Kunden die Entwicklungsphase vom Produktkonzept bis zum Produktionsstart verkurzt werden. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? Zum anderen konnen durch eine fruhzeitige Ubermittlung von Informationen kurzere Durchlaufzeiten im Wertschopfungsprozess und damit auch kurzere Lieferzeiten an term plasma interaction, die nachgelagerten Unternehmen und Kunden erzielt werden. Contest? Dadurch kann die notwendige Flexibilitat im Hinblick auf kurzfristige Planungsanderungen in der Produktion erreicht werden. On Gangster Genre? 45. Qualitatsvorteile lassen sich einerseits durch eine stetige Qualitatsplanung und -prufung innerhalb der Wertschopfungsnetzwerke erzielen, andererseits kann die Produktqualitat durch das Einbringen des Know-how und der Kernkompetenzen aller Supply-Chain- Partner in den Entwicklungsprozess verbessert werden. 46 Die Serviceverbesserung zielt auf eine moglichst umfassende Kundenbefriedigung ab. Diese kann nur dann realisiert werden, wenn die Bedurfnisse der Verbraucher zeitnah und fehlerfrei entlang der Wertschopfungskette ausgetauscht werden. 47.

Flexibilitat bedeutet, sich auf veranderte Rahmenbedingungen schnell anpassen zu konnen. 48 Eine schnelle Anpassung der Supply Chain kann aufgrund von Nachfrageschwankungen, veranderten Bedurfnissen der Zielkunden und der Zielmarkte oder auch infolge einer Neuausrichtung erforderlich sein. Dies erfordert schnell veranderbare Strukturen und Mobilitat im Hinblick auf Ressourcen. 49. 2.1.4.2 Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. Das Supply Chain Management stellt eine Antwort auf die zunehmende Globalisierung der Beschaffungs- und Absatzmarkte sowie stetig steigenden Anforderungen der Kun- den hinsichtlich der Parameter Preis, Qualitat und Zeit dar. 50 Die primare Aufgabe des Supply Chain Management besteht darin, den Material- und Warenfluss innerhalb und zwischen Unternehmen und die zugehorigen Informations- und Koordinationsprozesse so zu gestalten und zu steuern, dass eine fehlerfreie, schnelle und wirtschaftliche Ver- sorgung des Endkunden gewahrleistet ist. 51 Die in fountainhead institute, das Netzwerk integrierten Partner ubernehmen zahlreiche ortsgebundene Wertschopfungsprozesse, die uber Guter-, In- formations- und Finanzflusse miteinander verbunden sind. 52 Aus diesen Prozessen und der vertraglichen Abstimmung zwischen den Unternehmen ergibt sich ein Koordina- tionsbedarf.

Dieser Koordinationsbedarf beinhaltet zum einen die Abstimmung der ein- zelnen Prozesse im Netzwerk und zum anderen die vertragliche Anpassung zwischen den Partnern. Malayalam Search? Zu den Koordinationsaufgaben zahlen in erster Linie die Aufgaben an ayn rand, den Schnittstellen innerhalb der Supply Chain, die dem unternehmensubergreifenden Infor- mations- und Guterfluss dienen sollen. On Gangster? Auf strategischer Ebene gehoren Gestaltungs- und Planungsaufgaben dazu, wahrend aus operativer Sicht die Steuerungsaufgaben dazuzahlen. 53. 2.2 Grundlegende Eigenschaften und Funktionsweisen von RFID. Im nun folgenden Kapitel 2.2 werden grundlegende Aspekte der RFID-Technologie naher erlautert.

Dabei wird zuerst erlautert, was RFID ist, bevor eine Einordnung von RFID im Bereich der Auto-ID-Systeme vorgenommen wird. Im Anschluss werden Aufbau und Funktionsweise von RFID-Systemen beschrieben. RFID steht fur Radio Frequency Identification und bedeutet im Deutschen so viel wie Funkerkennung, also Identifikation durch Radiowellen. Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 54 Dabei handelt es sich um eine Identifikations-Technologie, welche mittels Funk-Technologie das automatische und beruhrungslose Identifizieren von Objekten und die Erfassung von Daten jeglicher Art ermoglicht. 55 Aus heutiger Sicht ist der Name RFID nicht ganz treffend, da RFID heutzutage mehr als nur eine Identifikationsnummer ist, die von einem Transponder gesendet wird. Malayalam Essay? Zwischen dem Transponder und dem Lesegerat findet eine Kommunikation in beide Richtungen statt, bei der Datenpakete von 1 Bit bis 30 kByte ubertragen und gegebenenfalls verandert werden konnen. 56 Fur den Datentrager werden in der Literatur haufig die Begriffe Transponder, Smart Tag, Smart-Chip oder auch Tag verwendet. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand? Die Begriffe werden demzufolge in how to write jesuit, dieser Arbeit synonym verwendet, ebenso wie die Begriffe Lese-/Schreibeinrichtung, Reader oder Lese- und Schreibgerat. 2.2.2 Einordnung der RFID-Technologie im Bereich der Auto-ID-Systeme. In den letzten Jahren haben automatische Identifikationsverfahren (Auto-ID) in fountainhead essay, vielen Bereichen gro?e Verbreitung gefunden. Dazu gehoren Dienstleistungsbereiche, Be- schaffungs- und Distributionslogistik, Handel, Produktionsbetriebe und Materialfluss- systeme.

Aufgabe und Ziel der Auto-ID-Systeme ist die Identifikation physischer Ob- jekte, wie beispielsweise Personen, Tieren, Gutern und Waren. Essay? 57 Der Transport von Informationen kann unter anderem uber Barcodes, Chipkarten, OCR-Scanner oder RFID-Systeme stattfinden und mithilfe von Lesegeraten entschlusselt werden. Contest Institute? Abbil- dung 2 gibt einen Uberblick uber die wichtigsten Auto-ID-Verfahren. Abbildung in essays, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 2: Die wichtigsten Auto-ID-Verfahren 58. Die Unterschiede der Auto-ID-Systeme werden nicht nur in ihren Eigenschaften deut- lich, sondern zeigen sich auch hinsichtlich der entstehenden Kosten. Der Barcode ist das gunstigste und am weitesten verbreitete Auto-ID-System. Fountainhead Essay Institute? 59 RFID gilt als die leistungs- fahigste Technologie mit den breitesten Einsatzmoglichkeiten. Thesis Misato? 60 Im Gegensatz zur Bar- code-Technologie findet bei der RFID-Technologie keine optische Abtastung der Hell- Dunkel-Felder statt, sondern die Daten werden per Funk ubertragen. Fountainhead Essay Contest? 61 Ein wesentlicher Vorteil von RFID ist, dass die Transponder wiederbeschrieben und wiederverwendet werden konnen. 62.

2.2.3 Aufbau und Funktionsweise von RFID-Systemen. Ein RFID-System besteht grundsatzlich aus einem RFID-Transponder, einem RFIDLesegerat und einem Informationssystem, welches die Daten verarbeitet und das Auslesen und Beschreiben der Transponder steuert. 63. Abbildung in essay jesuit, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 3: Grundlegender Aufbau eines RFID-Systems 64. Fur die Kommunikation zwischen Transponder und Lesegerat nutzen RFID-Systeme elektromagnetische Wellen. Fountainhead Contest? 65 Die Daten werden ahnlich wie bei Chipkarten gespeichert und nur auf Abruf ubermittelt.

Der Transponder kann sich an term plasma, einem Objekt oder bei- spielsweise auch an einer Person befinden. Das Lesegerat wird an fountainhead essay, der Stelle positioniert, an der die Identifikation stattfinden soll, und ist meistens uber einen Computer an essay search, ein Netzwerk angeschlossen. Essay? Beide Komponenten sind mit einer Antenne zum Senden und zum Empfangen sowie einem Chip fur die Verarbeitung der elektromagnetischen Sig- nale ausgestattet. Plasma Interaction? 66 Die entsprechenden Informationen befinden sich auf dem Chip des Transponders. Contest Ayn Rand? Sobald der Transponder sich im Ansprechbereich des Lesegerates befin- det, sendet das Lesegerat Daten an malayalam essay search, den Transponder oder empfangt Daten von ihm. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Die Weiterverarbeitung und Auswertung der Informationen findet durch eine nachgeschal- tete Computerapplikation statt. Research Paper Assignment? 67 Da der Austausch elektromagnetischer Wellen kodiert stattfindet, werden diese vor der Weiterverarbeitung von der jeweiligen Elektronik de- kodiert. Contest Ayn Rand? 68 Die Kommunikation der einzelnen Systeme geschieht in biometric phd thesis, der Praxis in essay contest ayn rand, Bruch- teilen von Sekunden und kann mit aktiven Transpondern uber Entfernungen bis zu 15 Metern durchgefuhrt werden. 69 Mit passiven Transpondern kann eine Reichweite von etwa 3 Metern erreicht werden.

70 Auf einer Frequenz von 2,45 GHz sind mit leistungsstarken Transpondern Reichweiten von bis zu 100 Metern moglich. Paper On Laser Interaction? 71. 2.2.4 Technische Eigenschaften von RFID-Systemen. RFID-Transponder bestehen aus einem elektronischen Speicher-Chip und einer An- tenne. Institute? Der im Mikrochip enthaltene Speicher dient als Datentrager und bildet das Kern- stuck des Transponders. 72 Neben den Informationen, die das Objekt eindeutig beschrei- ben, konnen auf leistungsfahigen Transpondern auch weitere Informationen gespeichert werden, wie beispielsweise das Mindesthaltbarkeitsdatum. Der Transponder wird im Ansprechbereich des Lesegerates aktiviert und ubermittelt anschlie?end die hinterlegten Informationen.

Hinsichtlich der Bauform eines Transponders sind kaum Grenzen vorhanden. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka? Die Bauform hangt in ayn rand, erster Linie von der Gro?e des Gehauses und der darin befindlichen Antenne ab. Transponder in Form von Etiketten sind fur den Einsatz in der Logistik und im Handel besonders interessant, da Sendungen und Produkte mit dem Transponder beklebt werden konnen und dadurch verfolgbar bleiben. Term Plasma Interaction? 73 Abbildung 4 zeigt mogliche Bauformen von RFID-Transpondern. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 4: Unterschiedliche Transponderbauformen 74. Eine verbreitete Klassifikation von RFID-Transpondern ist die Unterscheidung hin- sichtlich der Energieversorgung. Diese hat bedeutende Auswirkung auf die Leistungs- fahigkeit des Transponders. 75 Diesbezuglich kann zwischen aktiven, semi-aktiven und passiven Transpondern unterschieden werden.

76. Aktive Transponder verfugen uber eine Batterie und konnen selbst elektromagnetische Signale erzeugen. Wie in fountainhead contest ayn rand, Kapitel 2.2.3 bereits erwahnt, konnen dabei Lesereichweiten von bis zu 15 Metern erreicht werden. 77 Je nach Modell, konnen Transponder gelesen, beschrieben und unterschiedlich konfiguriert werden. 78 Aktive Transponder sind aufwandiger konstruiert und deshalb teurer als passive Transponder. Argumentative? Dennoch ergeben sich fur aktive Transponder zahlreiche Einsatzmoglichkeiten, speziell in fountainhead, Bereichen, in malayalam search, denen die Kosten nicht entscheidend sind. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? Beispiele aus der Supply Chain sind die Identifizierung von Fahrzeugen oder die Kennzeichnung von hochwertigen Produkten oder Bauteilen in der Industrie. Term Paper On Laser? 79. Semi-aktive Transponder verfugen uber eine Batterie, nutzen diese jedoch nur zum Erhalt des Datenspeichers. Sie werden selbst nur aktiv, wenn sie in essay contest ayn rand, ein Antennenfeld geraten und nutzen zur Signalubermittlung das Energiefeld des Lesegerates. Argumentative Research Paper Sheet? Die Batterie wird dann zur Signalverstarkung und damit zur Erreichung gro?erer Reichweite genutzt.

80 Der Vorteil der semi-aktiven Transponder liegt im geringeren Energieverbrauch als bei der reinen Aktivtechnologie. 81. Passive Transponder verfugen uber keine eigene Energieversorgung und beziehen ihre Energie aus dem elektromagnetischen Feld des RFID-Lesegerates. Sie konnen besonders klein und kostengunstig produziert werden, da auf eine Batterie verzichtet werden kann. 82 Aufgrund der niedrigeren Kosten eignen sich passive Transponder besonders zur Auszeichnung von Produkten und Einzelartikeln. Fountainhead Essay? 83 Folglich werden in cruel thesis misato, der Praxis deutlich mehr passive als aktive Transponder eingesetzt. 84. Die Informationen auf einem RFID-Transponder werden mittels eines RFID-Lesegera- tes ausgelesen.

Das RFID-Lesegerat bildet somit das Gegenstuck zum RFID-Transpon- der und liefert die notige Energie fur den Betrieb passiver und semi-aktiver Transponder. Contest Institute? 85 Wenn ein RFID-Transponder sich im Antennenfeld des Lesegerates befindet, wird uber die Antenne ein elektrisches Wechselfeld aufgebaut, wodurch im RFID-Transponder ein Strom entsteht. Cruel Angel Rei Asuka? Die Antenne des RFID-Transponders sendet Informationen, das RFID-Lesegerat verarbeitet die empfangenen Informationen und kann ebenfalls Informationen an institute, den Transponder ubermitteln. 86 Ein erheblicher Vorteil gegenuber anderen Auto-ID-Systemen ist somit das Auslesen der Transponder ohne Sichtkontakt und die Moglichkeit, diese gleichzeitig mit Informationen zu versehen. Ebenso wie bei RFID-Transpondern existieren auch bei Lesegeraten unterschiedliche Bauformen. Wichtige Eigenschaften stellen die Lesedistanz, das Auslesen mehrerer Transponder im Feld sowie die Erkennungssicherheit dar. Malayalam Essay? 87. Bis auf wenige Ausnahmen gibt es fur RFID-Systeme noch keine verbindlichen Nor- men. 88 Die fehlende Frequenzregulierung stellt bei der Entwicklung von international einsetzbaren RFID-Systemen eines der Hauptprobleme dar. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand? 89 Fur den kommerziellen Einsatz von RFID haben sich die Frequenzbereiche unter 135 kHz, 13,56 MHz und 869 MHz fur Europa sowie 915 MHz fur die USA konstituiert.

90 Als Folge von fehlenden Standards werden in Europa Reichweiten von lediglich circa 2,5 Metern erreicht, wohingegen in essays on gangster genre, den USA mit baugleichen RFID-Systemen Reichweiten von bis zu acht Metern erreicht werden konnen. 91 Der betrachliche Unterschied in der Reichweite resultiert aus unterschiedlichen Vorschriften im Hinblick auf die Sendestarke der Lesegerate. Fountainhead Essay? Im MHz-Bereich ist in on gangster, Europa lediglich eine Sendeleistung von 0,5 Watt erlaubt, in fountainhead essay, den USA sind es dagegen 4 Watt. Search? 92. Der Electronic Product Code wurde im Auftrag der Industrie entwickelt und ist der internationale Standard zur eindeutigen Identifizierung von Produkten und logistischen Einheiten. Mit einer uberschneidungsfreien Ziffernfolge kann auf diese Weise jedes Produkt weltweit eindeutig gekennzeichnet und somit jederzeit identifiziert werden. Fountainhead Contest Institute? 93. EPCglobal ist eine Organisation, die Standards fur die einheitliche Nutzung der RFIDTechnologie fur Identifikationszwecke entwickelt. Malayalam Search? 94 Durch Transparenz soll das EPCNetzwerk eine effektivere Nutzung von Informationen bieten. 95.

3. Fountainhead? Einsatzmoglichkeiten und Bedeutung von RFID im SCM. Identifikationssysteme sollen der Erkennung logistischer Einheiten an write a high application essay jesuit, jedem Punkt der Supply Chain dienen. Ayn Rand Institute? Im Rahmen automatischer Identifikationssysteme stehen dabei Kennzeichnungen im Vordergrund, die dazu dienen, den Identifikationsprozess anhand technischer Hilfsmittel zu beschleunigen. 96 Die Einsatzmoglichkeiten von RFID sind sehr vielfaltig und mit zunehmender Globalisierung gewinnt die Technologie fur alle Beteiligten einer Supply Chain zusatzlich an essays genre, Bedeutung. Institute? Die gro?ten zukunftigen Veranderungspotenziale durch den RFID-Einsatz werden in angel, der Logistik und im Supply Chain Management erwartet. 97. Durch den rasanten technologischen Fortschritt sowie der zunehmenden Funktionalitat, Speicherfahigkeit und gleichzeitiger Reduktion der Gro?e von RFID-Transpondern wird die Masseneinfuhrung durch Verbrauchsguter im Handel und in fountainhead essay contest, der Logistik immer starker vorangetrieben. Essays On Gangster Genre? 98 Durch den Einsatz von RFID-Transpondern verschiedenster Bauart konnen Transportprozesse luckenlos uberwacht und mit den gewonnenen Informationen effektiv gesteuert werden. 99 Beispielsweise wird mit Methoden wie dem Collaborative Planning eine Win-win-Situation innerhalb der Supply Chain angestrebt. 100 RFID kann hinsichtlich der Guter- und Informationsstrome Transparenz schaffen und dazu beitragen, dass diese Ziele erreicht werden. Die Voraussetzung fur eine Integration der RFID-Technologie in ein erfolgreiches und ubergreifendes Supply Chain Management bilden vertrauensvolle Partnerschaften, in denen zwischen den beteiligten Unternehmen eine gute Kommunikation herrscht.

101 Aufgrund des Potenzials zur Steigerung der Effizienz und der Kundenzufriedenheit kann RFID zum entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktor werden. Um nachhaltige Fortschritte und Einsparpotenziale zu erzielen, sollte deshalb eine Integration innerhalb der Supply Chain angestrebt werden. Durch Insellosungen lassen sich Einsparungen in fountainhead essay ayn rand, einzelnen Bereichen erreichen, ohne dabei die Effizienz der gesamten Supply Chain dauerhaft zu optimieren. Ebenso konnen die Kosten einer falsch ausgewahlten Technologie den Nutzen ubersteigen. Plasma Interaction? 102. Im vorliegenden Kapitel werden die Einsatzmoglichkeiten und Auswirkungen eines RFID-Einsatzes in der Supply Chain untersucht.

Um die Einsatzmoglichkeiten sowie die daraus resultierenden Vor- und Nachteile besser zu veranschaulichen, wird auch auf Praxisanwendungen Bezug genommen. In Kapitel 3.1 steht der Industriesektor im Vor- dergrund, in dem die Einsatzmoglichkeiten in der Produktion untersucht werden. Essay Contest Institute? In Kapitel 3.2 wird der Einsatz von RFID in der Logistik naher untersucht, wahrend in 3.3 die Einsatzmoglichkeiten im Handel und am POS im Vordergrund der Untersuchung stehen. Auch wenn einige Einsatzmoglichkeiten voneinander abgegrenzt werden konnen, gibt es in search, vielen Einsatzbereichen Uberschneidungen hinsichtlich der Nutzung von RFID. Beispielsweise kann sich RFID in verschiedenen Bereichen positiv auf den Inventurprozess und die Schwundquote auswirken. 103 Deshalb sollten die beschriebenen Einsatzmoglichkeiten von RFID nicht als statisch aufgefasst werden. 3.1 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten in der Produktion. Betriebliche Fertigungsprozesse sind in den gesamtwirtschaftlichen Guteraustausch ein- gebunden und dienen dazu, andere Wirtschaftssubjekte wie Haushalte und Unterneh- mungen mit Gutern zu versorgen. 104 In Produktionsprozessen werden haufig teure und hochwertige Maschinen eingesetzt, was dazu fuhrt, dass die Transponderkosten bei ei- ner RFID-Nutzung oftmals eine untergeordnete Rolle spielen.

Zum Einsatz kommen dabei uberwiegend aktive Transponder mit einer gro?en Speicherkapazitat, die aufgrund der eigenen Energieversorgung fur gro?ere Reichweiten geeignet sind und wiederver- wendet werden konnen. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand Institute? Bei der Produktion von Massenwaren und Verbrauchsgutern wird weitgehend auf ein RFID-System verzichtet, da die Kosten des RFID-Systems den erzielbaren Nutzen ubersteigen. 105. Die Automobilindustrie stellt mit ihren Zulieferern einen der wichtigsten Industriezweige dar, in dem unternehmensubergreifende Kooperationen und ein schneller Informationsfluss eine wesentliche Rolle spielen. 106 Aus diesem Grund werden die Einsatzmoglichkeiten von RFID exemplarisch an argumentative research paper assignment, der Automobilindustrie dargestellt. Die Konkurrenzfahigkeit eines Herstellers wird ma?geblich durch eine effiziente Ge- staltung der Produktionsprozesse bestimmt. Ayn Rand? Automobilhersteller und ihre Zulieferer sind heute einem extremen Kostendruck ausgesetzt. Der Fertigungsanteil der Hersteller am Gesamtprodukt wird immer geringer und soll nach einer Untersuchung der Unter- nehmensberatung Mercer Management und des Fraunhofer Instituts fur Materialfluss und Logistik im Jahr 2015 bei lediglich 23 % liegen. 107 Aufgrund des enormen Kostendrucks mussen die Ablaufe in on laser interaction, der Produktion standig optimiert werden. Essay Ayn Rand Institute? Weiterhin sind Zulieferer und Hersteller an how to a high school application essay jesuit, einer intensiveren Zusammenarbeit interessiert, um den Automatisierungsgrad in der Produktion zu erhohen und dadurch wettbewerbsfahiger zu werden.

108. In der Produktionssteuerung mussen der Materialfluss kontrolliert und die Produktionsprozesse flexibel gestaltet werden, damit auf unterschiedliche Kundenwunsche reagiert werden kann. Die Quittierung der einzelnen Arbeitsschritte und die Einhaltung der richtigen Reihenfolge werden entweder durch schriftliche Arbeitspapiere oder durch die Verwendung von Barcodes realisiert. Aufgrund von unzureichenden Informationen besteht die Gefahr, dass Bestellmengen sich aufschaukeln und zu einem Bullwhip-Effekt fuhren, wodurch hohe Lagerkosten entstehen. 109. Nachfolgend wird untersucht, wie der RFID-Einsatz einerseits einen hohen Qualitatsstandard in fountainhead contest ayn rand, der Produktionssteuerung gewahrleisten kann und andererseits durch ihn die Produktionsprozesse effizienter gestaltet werden konnen. 3.1.2 Anlieferung von Rohstoffen und Baugruppen. Aufgrund der Tatsache, dass Zulieferer immer mehr administrative Aufgaben uberneh- men, werden in der Automobilindustrie zahlreiche Baugruppen eines Pkws durch Zulie- ferfirmen hergestellt und im Werk des Automobilherstellers anschlie?end zusammen- gesetzt. 110 Da die einzelnen Fahrzeugmodelle uberwiegend aus unterschiedlichen Bau- gruppen zusammengesetzt werden, herrscht bei den Produkten eine hohe Variantenviel- falt.

111 Die Anlieferung von Bauteilen und Baugruppen muss dementsprechend manuell uberpruft und diese mussen dem Fertigungsprozess zugefuhrt werden. Malayalam Essay? Die manuellen Prozesse stellen einerseits einen hohen Aufwand und andererseits eine Fehlerquelle dar. Die Kosten fur einen Ruckruf aufgrund falsch verbauter Teile konnen einen immensen wirtschaftlichen Schaden verursachen. 112. Bei dem Einsatz von RFID konnen die Transponder direkt beim Zulieferer an den Pro- dukten angebracht und mit relevanten Informationen versehen werden.

Bei kleineren Teilen, wie zum Beispiel Schrauben, konnen Transponder auf die Transportbehalter angebracht und mit entsprechenden Produktinformationen gespeichert werden. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? Nach der Verladung der Behalter beim Zulieferer besteht die Moglichkeit, die erfassten Daten zu einem Lieferschein zusammenzufassen und auf einen Transponder am Trailer zu schrei- ben. Term Paper Plasma Interaction? Die Informationen des auf dem Trailer angebrachten Transponders werden bei der Entladung im Wareneingang des Herstellers ausgelesen und mit dem Lieferschein abge- glichen. Die Informationen konnen sofort an das Lagerverwaltungssystem ubermittelt und die gelieferten Behalter mithilfe von Transport-Systemen zu den einzelnen Montageplatzen transportiert werden. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 113 Bei einer Anlieferung von kompletten Baugruppen konnen diese nach der Identifizierung auf direktem Weg dem Produktions- fluss zugefuhrt werden. Assignment? Die Identifikation und Zuordnung zum richtigen Auftrag erfolgt durch Scanner, die beispielsweise an Durchfahrtstoren, Gabelstaplern oder der Forder- technik angebracht sind. 114. Durch Nutzung von RFID auf Produkt- oder Baugruppenebene konnen die Bestande des jeweiligen Produktes oder der jeweiligen Baugruppe jederzeit genau ermittelt werden. Der Hersteller kann diese Information nutzen, um neue Produkte und Baugruppen nachzuordern. Fountainhead Essay Contest Institute? Die Folge von Falschbestellungen aufgrund von menschlichem Versagen oder Tippfehlern kann ein kostenintensiver Produktionsstillstand sein. Search? Durch eine Sys- temanbindung des Zulieferers an fountainhead essay contest institute, das Warenwirtschaftssystem des Herstellers kann Transparenz geschaffen werden.

Der Zulieferer kann den Warenbestand selbst jederzeit prufen und die fehlenden Produkte rechtzeitig nachliefern. On Gangster? Er benotigt keine gro?en Pufferbestande im eigenen Lager und kann dadurch Lagerhaltungskosten sparen. Fountainhead Essay Contest? Der Hersteller profitiert von einer optimierten Belieferung, wahrend sich das Risiko eines Produktionsstillstands wesentlich verringert. Thesis Misato? Er kann dadurch seine Auftrage punktlich bearbeiten und seine Produktionsanlagen optimal auslasten. Ebenso kann der Hersteller auf einen Pufferbestand verzichten und dadurch Lagerhaltungskosten sparen. 3.1.3 Auszeichnung von Teilen, Halbfertigprodukten oder Produkten.

Die Ausstattung einzelner Teile, Halbfertigprodukte oder Produkte mit Transpondern kann beim Zulieferer oder auch im eigenen Unternehmen erfolgen. Im Optimalfall wer- den die Transponder bereits beim Zulieferer angebracht und die einzelnen Teile oder Produkte konnen bei der Anlieferung sofort einem bestimmten Auftrag zugeteilt wer- den. Essay Ayn Rand? 115 In der Automobilproduktion mussen beispielsweise beim Lackierprozess die Turen demontiert werden. Term Paper On Laser Interaction? Durch Transpondereinsatz an den Turen konnen diese nach der Lackierung der entsprechenden Karosse problemlos wieder zugeordnet werden. Ein wesentlicher Vorteil der Transpondertechnologie gegenuber anderen Auto-ID-Systemen ist dabei die Unempfindlichkeit gegenuber au?erlichen Einflussen.

Wahrend beispiels- weise der Einsatz der Barcode-Technologie bei hohen Temperaturen oder Farbnebel undenkbar ware, konnen temperaturbestandige RFID-Transponder problemlos einge- setzt werden. Intelligente Transponder sind in ayn rand institute, der Lage, untereinander Daten auszutau- schen, und konnen durch den Abgleich der Auftragsnummern Fehler beim Einbaupro- zess verhindern. Write A High Application Essay? Dazu wird beispielsweise bei dem Einbau eines falschen Teils ein Alarmsignal ausgelost, das den Mitarbeiter informiert. Fountainhead Contest Institute? Zusatzlich kann nach Fertigstel- lung uberpruft werden, ob ein Produkt die geforderten Spezifikationen erfullt und alle Teile richtig verbaut wurden. Essays Genre? 116 Durch das Anbringen der Transponder auf einzelnen Teilen und Produkten kann somit einerseits der Produktionsfluss verbessert werden, indem die Mitarbeiter einzelne Teile und Produkte eindeutig und ohne gro?en Aufwand der richtigen Karosse zuordnen konnen. Contest? Zum anderen konnen Fehler durch den Einbau falscher Teile bereits im Vorfeld erkannt und korrigiert werden.

Dadurch entfallen auf- wendige und kostenintensive Nacharbeiten. Malayalam Essay Search? Durch die Fehlerminimierung wird gleich- zeitig die Produktivitat gesteigert, da den Mitarbeitern mehr Zeit fur weitere Bearbei- tungsschritte bleibt. Der Automobilhersteller BMW beispielsweise nutzt RFID zur automatischen Identifikation von Kabelbaumen. Die verschiedenen Kabelbaumvarianten werden durch den Zulieferer mit Transpondern ausgestattet und vor dem Einbau in die Karosse verifiziert. Fountainhead Essay? Dadurch wird sichergestellt, dass es sich um die richtige Variante handelt, wobei die Kosten fur Fehleinbauten und den Suchaufwand reduziert werden. 117.

3.1.4 Uberwachung und Steuerung von Produktionsprozessen. Um den Produktionsprozess prazise und effizient steuern zu konnen, sind die Auskunfte uber die einzelnen Produktionsstufen von immenser Bedeutung. Mithilfe von RFID- Transpondern kann die Produktionsstufe- sowie -dauer jederzeit bestimmt werden. 118 Aufgrund der deutlich hoheren Datenubertragungsrate werden dazu meistens die kos- tenintensiveren Transponder eingesetzt, die zu Beginn des Produktionsprozesses am Produkt angebracht und mit dem entsprechenden Auftragsdatensatz gespeichert wer- den. 119 Beispielsweise produziert der Automobilhersteller Porsche im Leipziger Werk Gelandewagen des Typs Cayenne und setzt im Fertigungsprozess zu Produktions- und Dokumentationszwecken RFID ein. Dabei werden bei Erreichen einer Arbeitsstation die auf dem Transponder gespeicherten Daten ausgelesen und dem Montagemitarbeiter auf einem Terminal angezeigt. Der Montagemitarbeiter quittiert die erledigten Arbeits- schritte und eventuell aufgetretene Fehler. Die Fertigungsmaschinen sind dabei mit Sen- soren ausgestattet, protokollieren den Bearbeitungsstatus der jeweiligen Station und senden die Daten an phd thesis, das Produktionsplanungs-System. 120 Alle relevanten Prozessdaten, wie zum Beispiel Spureinstellungen oder Anzugsdrehmomente von Schraubstationen werden abgespeichert und stehen im weiteren Fertigungsprozess zur Verfugung.

Ebenso kann der gesetzlichen Dokumentationspflicht beim Einbau sicherheitsrelevanter Komponenten wie Bremsanlagen oder Airbags nachgekommen werden. Essay Contest Institute? 121 Die Informationen zu den einzelnen Prozessschritten konnen auf dem Transponder dokumentiert und abgespeichert werden. 122. Die Uberwachung von Produktionsprozessen stellt fur die Unternehmen einen wichtigen Aspekt dar. Durch den Einsatz von RFID konnen alle wichtigen Informatio- nen vollautomatisch und ohne gro?en Aufwand auf den Transponder gespeichert und bei Bedarf abgerufen werden. Dadurch konnen alle nachfolgenden Prozesse effizienter gestaltet werden. Plasma? Bei einer Just-in-Time-Belieferung kann der Zulieferer an das System angebunden werden und von der Transparenz im Produktionsprozess profitieren. Fountainhead Essay Institute? Der Vorteil bei der Nutzung von RFID ist, dass eine Materialanforderung automatisch und ohne Zeitverlust erfolgen kann, wenn die Karosserie beispielsweise einen bestimmten Punkt im Produktionsprozess erreicht hat.

Das produzierende Unternehmen kann demzufolge die Umlaufbestande reduzieren und die Auslastung der Maschinen optimieren. How To Essay? Infolge der genauen Bestimmung des Produktionsfortschritts kann sichergestellt werden, dass an den entsprechenden Bearbeitungsstationen das richtige Personal zur Verfugung steht. Institute? Der Zulieferer kann die fruhzeitige Information ebenfalls nutzen und deutlich fruher mit der Auftragsbearbeitung beginnen. 3.1.5 Positionsortung von Produkten. Die Positionsortung durch RFID bietet in research, Produktionsprozessen vielfaltige Optimie- rungsmoglichkeiten. Die Transponder konnen dazu sowohl auf Kleinteilen, wie bei- spielsweise Werkzeugen, als auch auf gro?eren Maschinen oder auch ganzen Fahrzeu- gen verwendet werden. Durch den Einsatz der Transponder wird das Wiederfinden von Teilen, Endprodukten oder Baugruppen auf einem gro?en Werksgelande oder gro?en Lagerhallen deutlich vereinfacht. 123 Dazu mussen die Objekte entweder mit leistungs- starken aktiven Transpondern ausgestattet werden oder die Positionsdaten des Objektes mussen vorab auf dem Transponder gespeichert und an fountainhead, ein Lesegerat ubermittelt wer- den. Innerhalb von Gebauden werden dabei geringere Reichweiten als auf freien Fla- chen erreicht, da die Frequenzen der Transponder in research assignment, Fabrikhallen durch Betonwande oder Stahltrager beeinflusst werden und die Reichweite dadurch reduziert wird. 124 Mithilfe von mobilen Lesegeraten konnen Objekte auch direkt vor Ort identifiziert oder innerhalb der Antennenreichweite lokalisiert werden.

125 Auf diese Weise wird die Standortbestimmung eines Objektes fur die Mitarbeiter erheblich vereinfacht und das zeitraubende Suchen entfallt. Bei der Lokalisierung von Fahrzeugen im Freien konnen mittels RFID die Nachteile der herkommlichen Papierbeschriftung, die meistens an der Windschutzscheibe angebracht wird und bei schlechtem Wetter oder starker Sonnenein- strahlung nicht identifiziert werden kann, vermieden werden. Auch bei der Fahrzeugsi- cherung kann sich zusatzlicher Nutzen durch RFID ergeben. Contest? Werden die mit Transpon- dern ausgestatteten Fahrzeuge beispielsweise in write a high school application, der Nacht von ihrem Stellplatz wegbe- wegt, wird dies durch das System erfasst und ein Alarm ausgelost. 126 Neben eingesparten Ausgaben fur Sicherheitssysteme kann durch RFID auf diese Weise auch der Schwund reduziert werden. Bei der Produktion von hochwertigen und komplexen Produkten konnen mangelnde Qualitatskontrollen und fehlerhafte Teile fatale Folgen fur ein Unternehmen haben. Essay Contest Ayn Rand? 127 Dabei spielen zwei wesentliche Faktoren eine wichtige Rolle. Research Sheet? Zum einen konnen teure Ruckrufaktionen einen gro?en finanziellen Schaden verursachen und haben somit auch eine existenzielle Bedeutung fur die Unternehmen.

Zum anderen kann eine Ruckruf- aktion zu einem erheblichen Image-Schaden fuhren. Im Jahr 1998 gab es in der Auto- mobilindustrie bundesweit 55 Ruckrufaktionen, 2007 waren es bereits 157. Essay Ayn Rand Institute? 128 Dies stellt fur alle Beteilligten Partner ein Problem dar, da eine Ruckrufaktion immense Kosten verursachen und einen Imageschaden herbeifuhren kann. Einen weiteren bedeutenden Faktor bei der Ruckverfolgbarkeit stellen die Richtlinien zur allgemeinen Produktsicherheit der EU dar, welche auch die Zulieferer betreffen. Essay Search? Sie mussen der gesetzlichen Dokumentationspflicht ebenfalls nachkommen und dafur sorgen, dass jede Komponente eines Fahrzeugs uber ihre gesamte Lebensdauer eindeutig identifizierbar ist.

In der Praxis konnen Qualitatskontrollen meistens nur an fountainhead ayn rand institute, bestimmten Stationen durch- gefuhrt werden, da sie wahrend der Produktion durch den Verwaltungsaufwand beim Ausfullen der Protokolle erschwert werden. Biometric Phd Thesis? 129 Durch den RFID-Einsatz konnen die er- forderlichen Kontrollen auf dem Transponder abgespeichert und bei Bedarf abgerufen werden. Da jeder Produktionsschritt abgespeichert wird, kann eine Qualitatskotrolle durch den Transponder selbst signalisiert werden. Der Mitarbeiter an der Kontrollstation kann beispielsweise anhand eines optischen oder akustischen Signals das entsprechende Prufprotokoll abrufen und bekommt die einzelnen Prufma?nahmen angezeigt. Institute? 130 Ebenso konnen die Ergebnisse der einzelnen Qualitatskotrollen auf dem Transponder abgespei- chert werden und stehen somit nachfolgenden Prozessen zur Verfugung. Mithilfe von RFID kann eine Qualitatskontrolle nicht nur am Anfang und am Ende des Fertigungsprozesses durchgefuhrt werden, sondern sie kann auch in den einzelnen Be- arbeitungsstufen der Fertigung stattfinden. Biometric? So konnen fehlerhafte Teile fruhzeitig identi- fiziert und aus der Wertschopfungskette entfernt oder nachgebessert werden.

131 Bei- spielsweise sind genaue Protokollierungen mit der weit verbreiteten Barcode-Technolo- gie nur mit erheblichem manuellem Aufwand realisierbar. Hinzu kommt, dass der Bar- code gegen au?ere Einflusse wie Schmutz und Nasse sehr anfallig ist und wahrend der Lebensdauer unleserlich und damit unbrauchbar werden kann. Durch den Einsatz von RFID konnen einerseits die gesetzlichen Anforderungen erfullt sowie Manipulationen verringert werden und andererseits tragt die Technologie dazu bei, dass Qualitatsstan- dards eingehalten und luckenlos dokumentiert werden. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? Anhand der genauen Dokumen- tation uber die gesamte Lebensdauer konnen im Falle eines Ruckrufs gezielt nur die betroffenen Fahrzeuge zuruckgerufen werden, in term paper on laser plasma, denen die fehlerhaften Teile verbaut wurden. Falls nur wenige Fahrzeuge davon betroffen sind, kann die gezielte Identifikation der betroffenen Fahrzeuge den wirtschaftlichen Schaden reduzieren. 3.1.7 Ausrustung von Maschinen und Werkzeugen.

Zur Uberwachung hochwertiger Maschinen und Werkzeuge werden auf dem Transpon- der wichtige Maschineninformationen gespeichert, die jederzeit abrufbar sind. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? So kann zum Beispiel die Gefahrenquelle, dass wichtige Informationen aufgrund von Ver- schmutzungen der Typenschilder nicht gelesen werden konnen, gemindert werden. Term Paper On Laser Plasma? Neben Informationen wie Bedienungsanweisungen und Sicherheitsvorschriften konnen auf dem Transponder auch Daten hinsichtlich der Wartung gespeichert werden. Demzu- folge kann jederzeit uberpruft werden, ob die Wartungsintervalle eingehalten und ord- nungsgema? durchgefuhrt wurden. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 132 Ein beachtlicher Vorteil dabei ist, dass die Informationen sich immer an assignment, dem Objekt befinden und abgerufen werden konnen, auch wenn die Maschine beispielsweise in fountainhead essay contest, einem anderem Werk oder einer anderen Halle eingesetzt wird. Mit Sensoren ausgestattete Transponder sind in write a high school, der Lage, den Verschlei? der Produktionsmaschinen zu uberwachen und melden, wenn bestimmte Teile ausgetauscht werden mussen.

Die Techniker konnen mithilfe eines mobilen Lesegerates die entsprechenden Wartungsschritte der Maschine auslesen und bestimmte Teile gezielt austauschen. Ayn Rand Institute? 133 Der Transpondereinsatz tragt folglich zu einer Erhohung der Anlagensicherheit und einer Reduzierung der Instandhaltungskosten bei. Durch die prazise Uberwachung der Anlagen und Maschinen sind diese weniger anfallig fur Storungen, was einen reibungsloseren Produktionsprozess und, infolge geringerer Stillstandzeiten, eine hohere Produktivitat ermoglicht. Term On Laser Plasma Interaction? Aufgrund der Information uber den Verschlei? der Maschinen konnen zudem Kosten eingespart werden, da nur die abgenutzten Teile ausgetauscht werden mussen und unnotige Wartungen vermieden werden konnen. Ferner kann RFID zur automatischen Erfassung produzierter Einheiten sowie zur Senkung des Werkzeugbestands beitragen, da das Auffinden teurer Werkzeuge erleichtert wird und deshalb ein geringer Werkzeugvorrat erforderlich ist. Fountainhead Contest? 134.

1 Vgl. Otto, A., Kotzab, H. (2001), S. Malayalam Essay? 157 f. 2 Vgl. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? Obersojer, T. Research? (2009), S. Contest? 42. 3 Vgl. Kuhn, A., Hellingrath, B. Search? (2002), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest? 22 f. 4 Vgl. Winkler, H. School Jesuit? (2006), S. 238 ff; Corsten, H., Gossinger, R. Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? (2001), S. 1 ff; Groll, M. Malayalam Search? (2004), S. 173 f. 5 Vgl.

Melzer-Ridinger, R. Fountainhead? (2007), S. 9. 6 Vgl. Essay Search? Werner, H. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? (2010), S. 1. 7 Vgl. Essay Search? Scholz-Reiter, B. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? u.a. (o.J.), S. Malayalam Search? 3, Anlage 1. 8 Vgl. Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Finkenzeller, K. Essays On Gangster? (2008), S. 1. 9 Vgl. Obrist, A. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? (2006), S. How To A High School? 16; Finkenzeller, K. (2008), S. 1. 10 Vgl.

Wannenwetsch, H. Essay? (2005), S. Paper? 333 f. 11 Vgl. Metro Group (2005), S. 1, Anlage 2. 12 Vgl. Fountainhead Contest? Informationsforum RFID (2010), S. Malayalam? 2, Anlage 3. 13 Vgl. Contest Ayn Rand? IHK Hannover (2009), S. 10, Anlage 4. 14 Vgl. Busch, A., Dangelmaier, W. (2004), S. Cruel Angel Rei Asuka? 4. 15 Vgl.

Potzner, A. (2008), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 13. 16 Vgl. On Laser? Werner, H. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? (2010), S. 7 f. 17 Vgl. Hering, E. On Gangster? (2009), S. 472. 18 Vgl. Jetzke, S. Essay Contest Institute? (2007), S. 11. 19 Vgl. Search? Bolstorff, P. Essay Contest? A. u.a. (2007), S. 7. 20 Vgl.

Corsten, H., Gossinger, R. (2001), S. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka? 83. 21 Vgl. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Bolstorff, P. Search? A. Contest? u.a. Cruel Rei Asuka? (2007), S. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? 7. 22 Vgl. Write A High School Application Essay? Werner, H. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand? (2010), S. Biometric Phd Thesis? 3. 23 Vgl. Melzer-Ridinger, R. (2007), S. Ayn Rand Institute? 9. 24 Vgl.

Busch, A., Dangelmaier, W. (2004), S. 5. 25 Vgl. Term? Werner, H. (2010), S. 6. 27 Vgl. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Arndt, H. Write A High School Essay? (2006), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 46. 28 Vgl. Biometric Phd Thesis? Werner, H. Essay? (2010), S. Biometric? 4. 29 Vgl. Fountainhead Essay Contest? Lawrenz, O. u.a. (2001), S. On Gangster Genre? 45. 30 Vgl.

Industrieplatz-Hessen (2009), S. 1, Anlage 5. 31 Vgl. Fountainhead? Corsten, D., Gabriel, C. Genre? (2004), S. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? 4. 32 Vgl. Corsten, H., Gossinger, R. How To Write Application Essay Jesuit? (2001), S. Essay Institute? 20. 33 Vgl. Biometric Phd Thesis? Corsten, H. Essay? (2000), S. Cruel Angel? 72 f. 34 Vgl. Contest? Vilkov, L., Wei?, B. Biometric Phd Thesis? (2008), S. 282. 36 Vgl.

Heu?ler, T. Essay Contest Institute? u.a. (2009), S. 374. 37 Vgl. Bu?mann, F. W, Zupancic, D. (2008), S. How To Write A High Essay Jesuit? 47 f. 38 Vgl. Stockner, S., Radtke, P. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? (2000), S. Genre? 17. 39 Vgl. Heidtmann, V. (2008), S. 25. 40 Vgl.

Staberhofer, F., Rohrhofer, E. (2007), S. 39. 41 Vgl. Obersojer, T. (2009), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest? 46 f. 42 Vgl. Fandel, G. u.a. Plasma? (2009), S. Contest Institute? 8. 43 Vgl. Kapitel 3.2.6. 44 Vgl. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka Misato? Fandel, G. u.a. Essay Contest Ayn Rand? (2009), S. Biometric? 6 f. 45 Vgl. Kuhn, A., Hellingrath, B. (2002), S. 10 f.

46 Vgl. Ayn Rand? Fandel, G. Argumentative Paper? u.a. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? (2009), S. 9. 47 Vgl. Obersojer, T. How To? (2009), S. Fountainhead Institute? 48. 48 Vgl. Heidtmann, V. Term Paper On Laser Plasma Interaction? (2008), S. Essay Institute? 27 f. 49 Vgl. ebd., S. Malayalam Essay? 28. 50 Vgl. Obersojer, T. Fountainhead Contest? (2009), S. 46. 51 Vgl. Lawrenz, O. A High Application? u.a. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? (2001), S. 45.

52 Vgl. Misato? Fandel, G. Contest Ayn Rand Institute? u.a. (2009), S. 10. 53 Vgl. Staberhofer, F., Rohrhofer, E. Search? (2007), S. 39. 54 Vgl. Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Finkenzeller, K. Phd Thesis? (2008), S. Fountainhead? 7. 55 Vgl. Misato? Zahn, S. (2007), S. 13; Kummer, S. u.a. Contest Ayn Rand? (2005), S. 12. 56 Vgl. Kern, C. On Laser? (2006), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand? 11; Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. (2006), S. A High School? 8.

57 Vgl. Fountainhead? Finkenzeller, K. Paper Assignment Sheet? (2008), S. 1. 58 Vgl. Horst, J. (2008), S. 22. 59 Vgl. Contest? Kern, C. Thesis? (2006), S. 16. 60 Vgl. Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Term Paper On Laser Plasma Interaction? (2006), S. Fountainhead Contest Institute? 17. 61 Vgl. Malayalam Essay Search? Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Essay Contest Institute? (2006), S. 9.

62 Vgl. Fraunhofer Institut (2010), S. Research Paper? 2. 63 Vgl. Tamm, G., Tribowski, C. Contest Ayn Rand Institute? (2010), S. Biometric Phd Thesis? 13. 64 Vgl. BMWT (2007), S. 7. 65 Vgl. Pflaum, A. Fountainhead Contest? (2001), S. 33. 66 Vgl. A High Application Essay Jesuit? Kern, C. (2006), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest? 33 f. 67 Vgl.

Kummer, S. u.a. Argumentative Paper? (2005), S. 15. 68 Vgl. Kern, C. Fountainhead Essay? (2006), S. A High School Application Essay Jesuit? 34. 69 Vgl. Finkenzeller, K. Contest? (2008), S. 22. 70 Vgl. ebd., S. 23. 71 Vgl. Cruel Angel Rei Asuka? IHK Hannover (2009), S. Essay? 7, Anlage 8. 72 Vgl. Kummer, S. Write A High Jesuit? u.a. (2005), S. 19. 73 Vgl.

RFID-Journal (o.J.), S. 1, Anlage 9. 74 Vgl. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? BMWT (2007), S. 10, Anlage 10. 75 Vgl. Paper Plasma Interaction? Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Institute? (2006), S. 20. 76 Vgl. Cruel Thesis Rei Asuka? Gillert, F., Hansen, W. Essay Contest Ayn Rand? R., (2007), S. How To A High Essay Jesuit? 149 f; Hansen, T. (2008), S. 61. 77 Vgl. Contest Institute? Finkenzeller, K. Essays On Gangster? (2008), S. Fountainhead Essay Institute? 28.

78 Vgl. How To Essay? Gillert, F., Hansen, W. R., (2007), S. 150. 79 Vgl. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand Institute? Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. (2006), S. 20 f. 80 Vgl. Research Paper Assignment? Gillert, F., Hansen, W. R., (2007), S. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 150. 81 Vgl. Essays On Gangster? Dittmann, L. (2006), S. 41. 82 Vgl. Contest Institute? Hansen, T. (2008), S. Biometric? 62 f.

83 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Fountainhead? (2006), S. On Gangster? 20. 84 Vgl. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? Hansen, T. (2008), S. Essays Genre? 61. 85 Vgl. Schoblick, R., Schoblick, G. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? (2005), S. 14 f. 86 Vgl. Urban, A.I. Cruel Angel Rei Asuka? u.a. Fountainhead Essay? (2006), S. Essays? 88. 87 Vgl. Kern, C. (2006), S. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? 82.

88 Vgl. Write Application Essay Jesuit? Finkenzeller, K. Fountainhead Contest? (2008), S. 27. 89 Vgl. Argumentative Research Sheet? BSI (2004), S. Ayn Rand Institute? 29 f., Anlage 12-13. 90 Vgl. ebd., S. Rei Asuka Misato? 28., Anlage 11. 91 Vgl. Institute? ebd., S. 30., Anlage 13. 92 Vgl. A High Application Essay? ebd., S. Institute? 30., Anlage 13. 93 Vgl. Christ, O., Fleisch, E. (2003), S. 296. 94 Vgl.

IHK Hannover (2009), S. Phd Thesis? 11, Anlage 14. 95 Vgl. Contest Institute? Global Standards (2010), S. 1, Anlage 15. 96 Vgl. Malayalam Essay Search? Hertel, J. u.a. Fountainhead Essay? (2005), S. Cruel Rei Asuka Misato? 203. 97 Vgl. Gillert, F., Hansen, W. Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? R., (2007), S. 15. 98 Vgl. Phd Thesis? Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Essay Contest Ayn Rand? (2006), S. Essay Search? 5. 99 Vgl.

Schoblick, G., Schoblick, R. Essay Contest Ayn Rand? (2005), S. Paper Plasma Interaction? 165. 100 Vgl. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Arnold, D. u.a. (2008), S. 477. 101 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. (2006), S. 80 f. 102 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. (2006), S. Essay? 81. 103 Vgl. Contest Ayn Rand? Kapitel 3.2.8 und 3.3.7. 104 Vgl. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka? Fandel, G. Essay Institute? (2005), S. School Application Jesuit? 1.

105 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Fountainhead? (2006), S. Malayalam Essay Search? 107. 106 Vgl. Essay? Gehr, F., Hellingrath, B. (2007), S. 1. 107 Vgl. Wannenwetsch, H. (2005), S. Essay Search? 7. 108 Vgl. Kummer, S. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand? u.a. How To Write A High Jesuit? (2005), S. Contest Institute? 67. 109 Der Bullwhip-Effekt wird in Kapitel 3.2.6 erlautert. 110 Vgl. Genre? Wannenwetsch, H. (2005), S. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? 7 f.

111 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. (2006), S. Malayalam Essay? 107. 112 Vgl. Gabath, C. (2010), S. Contest Institute? 64 f. 113 Vgl. On Gangster? Kummer, S. Fountainhead Contest Institute? u.a. (2005), S. Angel Rei Asuka? 67 f. 114 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand Institute? (2006), S. How To Write Jesuit? 107. 115 Vgl.

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120 Vgl. Essay Ayn Rand Institute? Strassner, M. (2005), S. 102. 121 Vgl. Schmidt, D. (2006), S. 68 f. 122 Vgl. How To A High School Essay? Klug, F. Contest Institute? (2010), S. Malayalam Search? 243. 123 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Fountainhead Contest Institute? (2006), S. Essays? 112. 124 Vgl.

Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Fountainhead Essay Institute? (2006), S. On Gangster Genre? 113. 125 Vgl. Klug, F. Fountainhead Essay Institute? (2010), S. Cruel Angel? 244. 126 Vgl. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? Klug, F. Essays On Gangster? (2010), S. 244. 127 Vgl. Gabath, C. (2010), S. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 64 f. 128 Vgl. Autobild (2008), S. A High School Application Essay Jesuit? 2, Anlage 16. 129 Vgl.

Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. (2006), S. 116. 131 Vgl. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? ebd., S. School Jesuit? 152. 132 Vgl. Franke, W., Dangelmaier, W. Essay Contest Institute? (2006), S. A High School Essay? 110 f.

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Anthem Essay Contest — Ayn Rand …

russian mafia essay research paper the russian. Author: Tom Anderson. Russian Mafia Essay, Research Paper. The Russian Mafia: Protectionism in the New Capitalist Russia. The Russian Mafia has always exercised an important role in the Russian economy. Ayn Rand! The contemporary mafiosi are descendents of the write application essay jesuit seventeenth Century highwaymen and Cossack robbers. These men occasionally murdered families prior to raids preventing them from being captured. The Russia mafiosi made a point to remain aloof from the state. Mob men were actually spurned when returning home from fighting in the Great Patriotic War.

The gangs begin to dominate markets such as car sales, spare parts, cigarettes, food distribution, and fountainhead contest institute other markets that the biometric Communist Party failed to provide under the Bolsheviks (Remnick196). Since the fountainhead contest institute collapse of Communism and the dawn of Capitalism, the Russian people have been troubled with innumerable obstacles. There are more than 3,000 gangs known generally as the malayalam search Russian Mafia. They have proven to be a significant force in delaying the reform process (Goldman 58). The new Russian Mafia has involved themselves in every imaginable kind of criminal activity from drug trafficking and money laundering to protectionism, which penetrates into every area of society. Under the laws of the Soviet Union, the regulations were strong and external. Now the external regulators have disappeared allowing the Russian Mafia to exceedingly enlarge its strength and influence especially with the accelerated speed of privatization without legal safeguards. The Russian Mafia?s effect on the Russian economy through protectionism can be viewed through the different scopes of academia, the United States Press, and the Russian Press. Protectionism is a preferred activity of the Russian Mafia.

When a new private business opens, the mafia ensures that it will get a share of the profits. The mob offers the new operation protection. If the business refuses to purchase protection, the mafia uses violence against them or their property (Gustatson 105). Most entrepreneurs purchase the protection. Essay Ayn Rand Institute! Then the new company pays unofficial taxes to crime groups. This guarantees that nearly all new businesses will have an affiliation with the mafia. Search! Gustatson estimates that payments can are approximately twenty percent of the profit (105).

This is a major form of fountainhead contest ayn rand institute taxation on top of malayalam essay search what the government already commands leading many companies to tax evasion or concealing their exact value. These acts forfeit what little protection the authorities might be able to render. The mafia demands a cut of the earnings but in turn furnish more than adequate security. Fountainhead Ayn Rand! The mafiosi provides protection from unaffiliated criminals and rival gangs. A High School Application Essay! They ensure that property is not damaged or stolen. Contest Ayn Rand! If entrepreneurs are visited by another organization, they must only summon their own mafia group. The two gangs will settle the matter themselves (Gustatson 105). This security is an asset that the State seemingly fails to argumentative paper assignment provide. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand! The Russian Mafia has more men and weapons than the Russian law enforcement. The police force is an intently corrupt place as is much of the Russian government.

Both army officers and law enforcers are frantic for biometric phd thesis cash and willing to sell weapons such as guns, grenades, and rocket launchers (Remnick 109). The Russian Mafia is able to easily locate weaponry to carry out its duties as protectorate; while, the authorities lack money and personnel. A few days before the union dissolved the biggest Russian Mafia leaders held a summit meeting at a dacha just outside Moscow with the three main Italian crime organizations from Sicily, Naples, and Calabria. They understood that it would bring turmoil and uncertainty; yet, the Vori v Zakonye or thieves in the law saw possibility in the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Ayn Rand Institute! The organizational leaders assembled to discuss the selling of thesis nuclear materials, and drug-money laundering (108).

The mafiosi would use their influence to fountainhead essay ayn rand access bureaucratic power. They began anticipating the collapse by becoming private businessmen: consultants and rainmakers (197). As Consultants and Rainmakers, they would assert their authority through protection. Academia states that protectionism is having a trenchant effect on the Russian economy. It helps create massive inflation to the already weak economy.

The twenty percent of the essays gross earnings extorted from the contest ayn rand business as protection raises the price of the goods and services tremendously for the Russian people monthly. The Russian consumer ultimately pays the protection bill (Goldman 58). It is estimated that in 1996 about eighty percent of a high school application essay jesuit all private businesses made regular payments to a mafia organization for protection and essay ayn rand a substantial amount of that money ends up in other countries. Argumentative Assignment Sheet! (Gustatsun 104). Essay Contest Institute! Thus the underworld is taking a vast amount of wealth out of Russia. How To A High Application! With the Russian Mafia handling so much money, it is little wonder that they were able to buy so many governmental officials. Scholars tend to fountainhead ayn rand institute take an objective approach. The Russian Mafia demands a cut of the profits, but does render a service that the authorities can not provide. This is on gangster having plundering effect on the economy as a whole. It is causing massive inflation and sinking the already weak economy.

This has lead to a trend towards nationalism and separatism in Russia. The United States press understands that the Russian mafia had a definite place in society at one time. It grew because of the buying and selling of smuggled or stolen goods. It satisfied the ayn rand institute Soviet consumer with products that the State failed to provide. These items were both consumer and essays on gangster genre illegal goods.

It filled this role for decades under Soviet rule. The mafia was established and equipped to amplify its business during market reforms. It was more in touch with consumer demand (Tanner C2). Russia suffers the most due to fountainhead institute mafiosi activities. It seems that gangs are threatening to on laser take over the nation?s economy. Bombings contract killings, and robberies are a common occurrence.

Russia is a very different place from the early developing economy of the United States. Fountainhead Essay! The robber barons of the argumentative paper sheet United States can be described as vicious. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand Institute! They made their fortunes by building and preventing others from on gangster, doing just that. Yet, Russian wealth is achieved and held through violence, theft, and manipulation. Many Russians came to believe that this distorted form of mafia control is the normal free- enterprise system.

This sentiment is reinforced when they see Western businesspeople and fountainhead contest institute investors fail to complain and then comply with paying protection money (Washington Post C2). The Puget Sound Business Journal reported ?the Russian mafia is the most Western-like negotiating experience you?ll have in Russia?unlike the slow-moving and fractured government the Russian mafia is businesslike and essays on gangster genre helpful? (18). Institute! The Russian syndicates seem far more organized than the legitimate government. The gangsters have a systematic method of retrieving ?taxes? from their businesses under their protection. They use force. This is how they sustain control.

The Atlanta Journal and Constitution reported an antidote about protectionism. There was a small store in Moscow selling groceries and other items, Vso Dlyah Vas or everything for argumentative paper assignment you. It was one of the ayn rand institute many new stores springing up in the new Russia. The store?s front windows were smashed; yet, nothing was stolen. A few days later the store was closed; the owners left town (1B). They had failed to pay the appropriate people. This is just one example of mobsters smashing private businesses for failure to comply with their protectionism mandates. Democracy in Russian has turned out to be a free-for-all of profiteering. For many, it brought increased poverty and despair. Krisha, in Russian, means protection money. It is surmised that seventy-five percent of the businesses in biometric, Moscow pay a percentage of its profits to essay contest its organized crime associations.

Actually, the mafia has a higher collection rate than the Russian government (Washington Post C2). This infiltration of the economy has had dire consequences. There is no way to determine how much money is involved. However, it is estimated that anywhere from 50-100 billion of state and communist currency and gold have been privately appropriated and transferred out cruel angel rei asuka misato of the fountainhead essay ayn rand country (C2). That is on top of the tremendous inflation due in part to protectionism. In 1992, the prices rose twenty-six percent.

The inflation rate was eighteen percent a month in term paper interaction, 1995. Fountainhead Ayn Rand! Needless to biometric say, any adjustment to salaries tarried far behind the constant escalation of prices. Things are beginning to change in Russia. Companies are building up their own security forces. They are obtaining security from the mob and their protection schemes for themselves. They are employing armed guards, which is reasonably inexpensive in ayn rand institute, Russia. Many companies are also introducing closed-circuit television and angel rei asuka scrutinizing visitors even photocopying identification papers for future reference (Economist 60).

This is begining to put most creditable businesses beyond the grasp of the most primary variety of Russian gangster. Protectionism might be slowly coming to an end. The Russian press reports that fifty-two percent of the country believe that the fountainhead ayn rand mafia is running the country. Search! The Majority also believed that Russia?s rich got wealthy through stealing, plundering, bribery, or some other form of corruption (Fifty-two Percent Believe 11). Yet the Russian Internal Affairs minister, Sergei Stepashin, stated that the essay ayn rand Russian Mafia is essays genre but a myth during an address reporting on the Russian criminal world at a European Union meeting. He said, ?Fear of the Russian Mafia stems from essay institute, a lack of understanding the processes that are occurring today in Russia? (Sukhova 20). Term On Laser! He also reported that there is a myth of a Russian mafia that should be dispelled.

Protectionism is not really occurring.. The Russian mafia controls almost every aspect of the Russian market. They determine who can open a business, stay in business, and who must close their business. The mafia makes these determinations, often times, on who is compensating them for essay ayn rand their security services. Most Russians report that they are directly or indirectly intimidated or extorted by at least one of the organizations within the Russian mafia.

The syndicates seem to arrange an organization for phd thesis business that is not yet available from the government or professional arena. If one business has a problem with labor or another business, the business owner merely contacts his mafia link. The matter is immediately, quietly, and efficiently resolved. (Crime in Russia14). The Russian mafia is involved in every aspect of Russian life. They provide a code of conduct for business not yet provided by ayn rand the professional elite or the argumentative research government. The mafia has a detrimental effect on the Russian economy.

It not only creates massive inflation, it deters companies from other countries from investing in contest, the Russian economy. Foreign investors operating at the retail level where hard cash is a fundamental part of business are particularly susceptible. They are not excluded from the gangster?s tactics of term paper on laser plasma ?offering? protectionism (Fifty-two Percent Believe 11). In some cases, the contest ayn rand mafia has succeeded in expelling the foreign owner. Essay Search! Specifically this has happened to a Canadian-owned wholesale electronic good franchise, and Italian merchant of leather goods, and an Estee Lauder shop (Washington Post C2). Russia has taken several steps to fountainhead contest ayn rand stop crime such as protectionism and the Russian mafia. Yeltsin has granted the thesis rei asuka misato police various powers to confront these dilemmas. The decree Yeltsin issued permits police to detain organized crime suspects for thirty days without cause, search offices and homes without a warrant, and inspect the finances of suspects.

Uncorroborated testimony is now permissible in court, and witnesses that decline to testify can be punished (Fifty-two Percent 11). Yet, these measures seem to have done little to stop organized crime?s growth. Unfortunately, Russian organized crime has prospered in the new economic system, and has migrated well beyond the fountainhead essay ayn rand institute Russian boundaries. Much of the private business activity lies in a gray region somewhere between legality and illegality. The law has yet to fully catch up with privatization. Academia, the malayalam search United States Press, and the Russian press all paint a devastatingly bleak picture of the Russian economy; yet, there is hope for change.

Many small companies do not have the luxury of making drastic changes; yet, efforts are being made to stop the mafia or at essay contest, least cease the essays on gangster growth of it on the side of the government and larger businesses. Enterprise are creating their own company security and stopping protection payments. Contest Ayn Rand Institute! Things will not change overnight, but Russia can and slowly is moving toward normalcy. ?Biz in Russia.? Puget Sound Business Journal. 7 March 1995: 18. ?Comrade Godfather; In Russia, the Mafia Seizes the Commanding. Heights of the Economy.? The Washington Post 12 Feb. Term On Laser! 1995:

?Crime in Russia.? Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press 15 Feb. Ayn Rand Institute! 1995: 14. ?Fifty-two Percent Believe Mafia is Running the write school essay jesuit Country.? Current Digest. of the Post-Soviet Press 8 Oct. 1997: 11. Goldman, Minton.

Russia, The Eurasian Republics, and Central/Eastern. Europe. Connecticut: McGraw-Hill, 1999. 58-60. Gustatfson, Thane, and Daniel Yergin. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand Institute! Russia 2010: And What It Means. For the World. New York: Random House, 1993. 105-106. Holmes, Charles. Search! ?In Russia, Repression Gives Way to Corruption.? The Atlanta Journal and Constitution 7 Sept.

1997: B1. Lloyd, John. ?The Russian Devolution.? New York Times 15 Aug 1999: A8. Remnick, David. Resurrection. New York: Random House, 1998. 108- Sukhova, Suctlana. ?Head of Russian Internal Affairs Ministry Believes. The Russian Mafia is a Myth.?

Current Digest of the Post-Soviet. Press 9 Dec. 1998: 20. Tanner, Adam. ?Russia?s Notorious Mafia Spreads Tentacles of Crime. Around the World.? Christian Science Monitor 11 Jan. 1995: C2.

?The Russian Mafia Means Business.? Economist 4 July1998: 60.

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Anthem Essay Contest — Ayn Rand …

Advantages and Disadvantages of Being an Only Child. Shil1978 is contest ayn rand institute, a science buff who likes to explore fascinating questions and share her opinions with the wider world. Pros and Cons of malayalam essay, Being the Only Child. Being an fountainhead ayn rand institute, only child can be either good or bad, depending on how you perceive it and how you are brought up by your parents. The advantages could be that you get the cruel angel misato undivided love and attention of your parents. Fountainhead Contest Institute? They would dote on you more and provide for you more - in terms of getting you stuff, toys, etc. Obviously, being an on gangster genre, only child means that your parents have only you to spend the money on and not have to share it among other siblings.

So, you'd get more toys than normal, more money to spend than normal, more inheritance than normal, and of course more love from your parents than normal. As an only child, you may also be spared the fountainhead complications arising out of having an overbearing, unhelpful, competitive sibling. Biometric? It is no fun having a sibling like this, who hoards the attention of your parents, who in fountainhead ayn rand the eyes of your parents can do no wrong and is doted upon to write application essay jesuit no end, often at institute, your expense. They may well walk off with much of the genre inheritance by virtue of being the doted one in the family. As an only child, you would be free of any of these complications. As an only child, you may grow up to be more independent and essay, able to fend for yourself better, if your parents haven't spoiled you by tending to your each and every need. Not having an older sibling to help you every step of the way may in that sense be beneficial and make you capable of biometric phd thesis, looking after yourself earlier in life. Therefore, being an only child can certainly have its advantages. Fountainhead Institute? As far as disadvantages go, the cruel thesis rei asuka misato Little Emperor Syndrome comes to mind. For those unfamiliar with the term, Little Emperor Syndrome refers to the Chinese situation involving parents and their single child. Of course, all of you would be aware of China's one-child policy.

Little Emperor Syndrome is an fountainhead institute, unintended consequence of that policy. This is a situation in on laser interaction which the parents lavish their love, attention, resources on essay contest ayn rand institute this one child of theirs, and paper on laser plasma, as a result, the child becomes spoilt and, well, behaves like a Little Emperor. This sort of excessive attention and fountainhead essay ayn rand, care can prove detrimental in the long term for the child. Essay? The child gets used to having everything done, managed, taken care of - by their parents. When they have to live in the real world and face real problems, they might not be able to cope with it. They may lack self-confidence to go out in the world and get things done for themselves. Contest Ayn Rand Institute? They might feel lost outside of the cocoon that their parents created for them. This of write school application essay jesuit, course need not always be the case and can be overcome by fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, good parenting. Malayalam Essay? Perhaps the essay ayn rand institute most apparent disadvantage of being an only child is the essays on gangster genre feeling of contest ayn rand, loneliness - not having a sibling to play with regularly and to be able to share your thoughts and memories with. When you parents are no longer around, not having a sibling to talk about things with or look up to for any kind of help or support can be quite a disadvantage.

Also, when you parents get older, being an interaction, only child, you would have to shoulder the responsibility of taking care of fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, your parents on your own, which might be overwhelming. As an only child, you may also face an immense pressure put on you by your parents; for example, to keep the family name going or to do well in your academics. As an only child, you would also be watched with an eagle eye by your parents and this may be quite suffocating and stressful for you. If you had siblings, the pressure wouldn't be as much and you may perhaps be able to argumentative research assignment lead a more stress-free life. This again would be a highly subjective experience. There may be many who may feel no stress at essay, all and are able to search take this pressure, real or perceived, within their stride. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand? My Experience of Not Being the Only Child in my Family.

So, there are advantages and disadvantages to being an essay, only child. However, how each child turns out contest - really depends on how the child has been brought up, among other factors. Personally, I always wished I was the how to write school application essay only child in fountainhead contest ayn rand institute my family. Perhaps, it is on gangster, not a nice thing to contest say, but that's how I fee genuinely! You know, the grass always seems greener on the other side. In my specific situation, the cruel thesis age gap between me and my brother was just 3 years, and therefore, there was a lot of fountainhead contest institute, rivalry and acrimony between us - all through childhood - it affected me quite a bit, not the usual childhood fights, which you grow out of. Being the eldest in my family, I always felt that I was not treated fairly when it came to certain situations, especially conflict situations. I was always expected to be magnanimous and largehearted and forgive and forget - whereas my younger brother was doted on and shielded.

I still feel that to write school essay be the case to this day. We do get along much better now, but it isn't your usual loving relationship - more formal than familial and loving. My mom still dotes on fountainhead contest my little brother to essays on gangster genre no end, which is good, but she doesn't see me the same way, which is what I regret and bemoan. Ayn Rand Institute? I've never quite understood this difference. At times, I think to myself that this is all my imagination - that I am just seeing things that aren't there! That there is really no discrimination so to speak. Argumentative Research Sheet? But, then again, there is a difference, you know what I mean?

Perhaps, a lot of you would have no clue about contest institute what I am talking about. Then again, there may be a lot of you who know exactly what I am talking about, so there you have it - each individual would have a very unique experience and a very unique answer to whether being an thesis rei asuka, only child is an advantage or disadvantage. Ayn Rand Institute? I am sure, there would be lots of single, lonely people out argumentative research assignment sheet there, who were the only child in their families, who would have wished they had a brother or sister growing up!! There is no real definitive answer to this question, as the fountainhead essay institute responses to this question would be highly subjective and varied based on each person's own unique personal experience. Would love to hear your own personal experiences on being an on laser, only child or being a child with siblings growing up. Do feel free to share your personal experiences!

How to fountainhead essay ayn rand Engage Children and a high essay, Keep Their Attention: Tips for Parents and fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, Educators. by Marie McKeown 28. Living With Your parents: Advantages and Disadvantages of Staying With Mom and Dad. by princesswithapen 8. Paper? How to Make Your Parents Like Your Boyfriend. Toxic Mother-In-Law 2: Five Years Later. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? 8 Signs You May Have a Codependent Parent. by lanablackmoor 142. The Child Victim of a Narcissistic Personality Disordered Parent. by William E Krill Jr 225.

10 Signs You Have a Toxic Mother-in-Law. Being the only child is cruel angel thesis misato, a blessing because everyone I know have a lot of fountainhead institute, siblings and they always ask me you have sisters and cruel, brothers I'm like no an only child they will be like your lucky or I wish I was you. This story is very interesting. Sharar Khan 5 months ago. Excellent! great points of essay contest, view the Advantages and Disadvantages of malayalam, Being an fountainhead contest institute, Only Child.

I found many good ideas in here. Glad to meet you here in :) Hi Folks it's better to be only term on laser plasma, child in essay ayn rand the family because we don't have to search share and care for the little dimwits. i am the oldest just like you and for fountainhead ayn rand institute every fight i have with my borther whom i am just about 4 years different with my parents always take his point of on gangster genre, view, my point of view is fountainhead essay contest institute, actually not so much taken into essays consideration. being the fountainhead essay ayn rand institute oldest i have to act responsibly whereas if i were an only child i would be responsible for me and not be compared to my lil brother. i guess i understand where you are coming from and i feel that this topic cannot be concluded because everyone feels different those who are the only children feel the need to essay search have siblings and those of us who have siblings wish we were the essay ayn rand only children in the house. However, i always keep an open mind because i believe family is everything and siblings are family so in the end we have to essays genre love them and just tolerate them if that's what it is. Thanks for allowing me to comment. The Little Emperor Syndrome maybe silly, but it is a real consequence of China's one-child policy.

This syndrome is, however, not limited to China but can be found across geographies and fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, societies. It is not a natural consequence. It all depends on biometric phd thesis how parents bring up their kids and your parents have obviously done a good job with you :) As far as the loneliness thing, a person can learn to adapt and live in a way where it doesn't affect them as much. It becomes a new normal. My own daughter complains that she feels lonely at fountainhead essay, home. When a neighbor kid comes along, she feels a whole lot happier and finds she can keep herself occupied more without getting bored. Loneliness can become a new normal where you don't see yourself as being lonely and don't feel it, in how to a high school essay jesuit which case you've adapted to the loneliness.

Some can do that, others find it difficult. I have no idea where this silly Little Emperor myth came from. I'm an only child, and I certainly never had my parents taking care of all of institute, my problems. In fact, I had to learn at a very young age how to take care of myself, because I had no siblings to help me out. By twelve, for example, I was making nearly all of my own meals, because my parents and I had different schedules (I had a lot of term interaction, dance classes, and they had to contest institute work), and on gangster genre, there would be no one else in fountainhead contest the house. With regard to the loneliness thing: you'd be surprised at how good only angel, children are at essay ayn rand institute, entertaining themselves, so that they barely even notice being lonely. Biometric Phd Thesis? When I was bored, I'd steal one of contest ayn rand, my parents' many novels, and boom: boredom alleviated. I actually rarely felt the lack of a sibling. A lot of these myths are quite unfair, and have little basis in reality. Except the parental pressure one; that one is very true. (And can be very irritating.) Thank you, Zoe - I'm glad you liked it :) Yes, indeed! I had a tough time deciding if I wanted to raise a single child or I should have more than one kid.

I eventually chose to have a single kid, a daughter, based on my own experience, but I still wonder if I should have had more than one. Cruel Thesis? I'm past the age to essay contest ayn rand have another child now, but it's a tough choice for parents to make! Nice job writing the article, it looks like you put a lot of effort into it. I do agree, being an only child has advantages and disadvantages. How To Write Essay Jesuit? I am not an only child so I do not have any experience, but this article got me thinking. I'm an only child and by ayn rand, far I agree with everything you've stated. Being the only child gets lonely and malayalam, depressing sometimes and you're right. I don't have any sibling that I know I can trust to fountainhead contest institute vent to or share. Memories with. But I know that when I start conceiving, having 1 child is not an option. I have to have a big family, it's a must!

But I truly appreciated exploring and reading this article. sometimes i think that i m lucky to term paper on laser interaction have a brother but when he fights with me then it becomes a hell. though these are counted in my sweet memories i sometimes feel confusing about this topic. what a dilemma! So many interesting insights. Amanda Louise Cannon 2 years ago from Wynndel BC Canada. Growing up, I was raised as an only child by my mother. Experienced being one of many siblings (in foster care) and fountainhead essay institute, then as the oldest of 6 as an adult (my father had five other children). Cruel Misato? I found strengths and difficulties in all of the mixed configurations. Hopefully others out there can too! just because i have siblings does not mean my parents love me less. Although siblings can be annoying and essay ayn rand, sometimes mean, you will always love them and the love you get from them overpowers how annoying they are. Thanks for sharing your perspective on this subject 'Moon Daisy.' I agree with your take on this. Thing is how things turn out between you and your brothers / sisters really depends on various factors and so you may either be very close and phd thesis, loving or far apart in your relationships with them.

In my case, it's the latter, but I do have friends who share very close and strong bonds with their siblings. I'd drop by to check your hub, sounds like it would be an interesting read :) Moon Daisy 3 years ago from essay contest ayn rand institute, London. How To Write School Application Essay Jesuit? This is a nice hub, and I like how you were honest about you and your brother. It's so often the case that people with siblings don't get on with them. You can have a whole bunch of fountainhead essay institute, children, but there's no guarantee that they will get on write jesuit either in childhood or later on. A friend of essay contest ayn rand, mine has no relationship at all with her brother, as all of her life she felt as if he'd been the golden child. I have another friend who has two brothers, but she doesn't speak to one of them at all, and whenever she sees the other one it always ends in terrible rows. I'm very lucky that I have a lovely sister, but she lives on the other side of the malayalam essay world and essay contest ayn rand institute, I hardly see her.

I wrote a hub on this subject too, but from my perspective of somebody with one child. The part that worries me most is what Matt says about the cons of being an only child as you get older. Because I'm conscious of this I hope that I'll be able to minimise these problems. From my own experiences I really wouldn't want to be a burden on my child and would do everything I could not to let that happen. For now I have a happy, bright and independent child, and biometric phd thesis, I really hope that these qualities will always stand her in good stead. I'm an only child in my early twenties' and fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, I, too, also share the same worries that poster KCC Big Country alluded to in their original postings from five years ago (2008). I think as you get older, the cons of being an only child start creeping in.

Knowing that your parents are getting older and you'll be the only one who has to take care of essay, them and feel the burden of making all the decisions for them does hurt a bit. Not only that, but I'm single and expect to remain single for quite a long time until I graduate college and begin to fountainhead ayn rand institute make a steady income. I think this pressure, along with all the other factors, make it harder for an only child like me since I really don't have any one else to fall back on write jesuit if something bad happens to me or if I fall on bad times. awsomeman123 3 years ago. Ayn Rand Institute? this is great Shil1978 i don't care what others say you are a great writer. For me, I was the only child for eight years and I loved my childhood. I had friends in my neighborhood friends at school, and cousins to play with. I remember asking my parents for a sibling but the how to application essay main reason was because I was the only person I knew who was an only child. Fountainhead Essay? When you're a child you don't understand all of the work that goes into how to write essay jesuit raising children. Because I was the only child for fountainhead so long that shaped my personality, I am very independent, enjoy alone time and I am great at how to write essay jesuit, entertaining myself. My brother was born when I was eight, and my sister was born when I was 10. Fountainhead Essay Institute? So even after my siblings were born, it was like I was still the only child because they were so much younger than I was.

I helped take care of them and they were more like my kids than my siblings. A High School Essay? As I was growing up in middle school and my teenage years I felt like my parents were too busy with my siblings to pay me any attention, so I spent a lot of time in my room writing poetry, listening to fountainhead ayn rand institute music and drawing. I didn't grow up with a close relationship with my parents and I always felt that if it would have just been me and term paper plasma interaction, them I would have been closer to them. I love my siblings, but just now as they are 20 and 18, and I'm 28 can I hang out with them a little more, but our lives are obviously in very different places. I am married and my husband and I have a son who is fountainhead, almost 6. He will be our only child and on gangster, we don't love him any less. There is no right or wrong number of children to have, each couple and family has to do what's best for essay ayn rand institute their family. My husband is the oldest of three children and him and his brother and sister don't get along, especially him and his sister and they're 31 and 27. Biometric Phd Thesis? All siblings are not close nor are they friends. The style of fountainhead institute, parenting makes a big difference on a child's experience whether they have one child or multiple kids. There are ups and biometric phd thesis, downs in life no matter how many siblings you have. it feels really lonelyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy. Well I'm an only child.

And, at 26, I'm now an irrecoverable wreck. Being an only child wasn't the fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute main factor- I can only blame myself and not my parents for what has happened, but who knows- it may have been at least a factor behind why it all went wrong. Probably by term paper, helping to make me more dependant, childish, lazy, over sensitive, lacking initiative, no confidence doormat. Jefferson Faudan 5 years ago. Fountainhead Institute? there really are disadvantages in being the only child. things would be much easier if you have siblings. Paper? when you're an essay ayn rand, only child, there's hardly an option for biometric yourself and most decision couldn't be self-serving. personally, from my experience, there are decisions in life that you just have to fountainhead contest ayn rand institute consider who's going to be left behind. you wanted to have a career advancement at how to write a high school application essay, some place but couldn't pursue it due to the fact that there's nobody left to take care of the family, the properties etc. when financial problem arises, there's no one else to rely on but only fountainhead essay ayn rand, you. you can't mess up your life because the family is term plasma interaction, dependent on you and you certainly can't bring shame to fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute the family knowing that they expect so much from you. as far as the little emperor syndrome, maybe in a way it can be looked at in a positive manner. due to that, a person can attain what he wants in life due to having the biometric phd thesis confidence that you get what you want (but that is of course if the person has an essay contest ayn rand, optimistic outlook in life). Gayathri Dinesh 5 years ago.

Thank you, Reading this has brought down my ambiguity of having a Single child. I am a 27 year old mom of a 4 year old kid. My husband is a only school application, born in his family and he has got good friends who are an extended family for fountainhead contest institute us. My husband and I are in a dilemma planning our next kid.. I have a sister 22 years old, who is very sweet and very close to how to write school essay jesuit me..

We cannot just miss eachother and essay ayn rand institute, she stays with me at my in laws during her offs and holidays we make a very good family and my husband treats my Sister as his own sisy and we include her in all our celebrations and parties. This is where we get into an argument where my husband says I ve been missing a relationship like this for all these years.. He says I am happy with all I have but there is argumentative research assignment sheet, still something empty and I ve missed all this fun and love by not having a sibling. I am just confused becoz. I dont want to burden ourselves with another child financially and physically. . I was fine for a while now I really feel bad coz. two of my husbands close friends have two babies each and we hang out on many weekends with the family to resorts. Now my 4 year old kid has started asking Why dont I have a bro/sis like they do. Right now I ve chosen to bring in fountainhead contest a pet. but still looking for some advise. As an only child, life was hard :( My parents were strict, and term paper on laser, I was shouted at fountainhead ayn rand, and smacked regularly. I was 'not allowed' a dog or a pet to look after or keep me company (both of them grew up with pets). Term Paper On Laser Plasma Interaction? And I remember being laughed at in primary school, because mum said that I was 'not allowed' to take the fountainhead essay class hamster home for the weekend (when it was my turn). All my other friends were permitted their turn.

I remember it broke my heart at the time, and I got yelled at for crying.. 'I'll give you something to cry about' I was very much the child=in=the=attic type . my parents, I felt, ganged up against how to application essay jesuit, me, and seriously. they never listened to essay contest ayn rand institute me. My ideas, feelings etc on any subject were shunned or ignored. I felt like I was living in a prison camp. What has changed? Nothing! I am 43 and moved back in to my parents house, and have became their carer, despite having heart disease myself. I cannot move out, as I have no money, and on gangster, if I mention it, my parents start screaming at me (70 and 80) that I am ungrateful and essay contest institute, I'll get nothing when they die if I move out research assignment sheet (again).

I am back in prison. Yes, I have comforts such as PC, TV etc, but the emotional grief I have to fountainhead ayn rand institute contain with is a daily struggle. It's them and how to a high school application, me, and it's always THEIR house, not our house. My opinions matter even less now, than when I was growing up. Every day there is conflict and yelling (then I get ignored for a week). For instance, here is a true story. My parents said they were going on fountainhead essay ayn rand a cruise in on laser September for 2 weeks. Fine, I thought, I'll invite my friend up for a few days. Everything was arranged and I was happy.

Mum said today. oh sorry the cruise is next year. You'll just have to fountainhead cancel everything as I'm NOT moving out of argumentative paper sheet, MY house, so SHE (my pal) can come up for a few days! I was devastated beyond belief that I spent the rest of the essay contest ayn rand institute day in tears. Biometric? I called my friend, and she soothed that it was not my fault, but I felt really bad. The doctor has put me on anti depressants to help me cope with life at 'home' and they take the edge off my nerves, but pills don't take away the inner hurt and pain. I watch other fathers/daughters and mothers/daughters when I'm out, and wish that I had had that strong bond. I'm not close to either parent. it's always been them. and fountainhead contest ayn rand, me. I have had past boyfriends who took my side on disagreements which upset me badly, but my parents made their life hell too. I'm still single, not been married or had kids. I feel like my life is over, and sometimes I feel that I can't cope, and I have no-one to turn to.

I wish my only-child tale was a happier one. But maybe (and it's an awful thing to say) I will be happy one day. when I am finally left on my own. It will be hard, but the prison bars will have lifted, and perhaps I can begin to live and enjoy life. Just now I feel it's a mere existence. Paper On Laser Plasma Interaction? Thanks for taking up this subject, as an contest ayn rand, only child I can say that I grew up in family with various problems, my dad had an essays on gangster genre, alcohol problem in all of my childhood, and he decided to take his life when I was only 8 years old, and my mom was dealing with anxiety problems because of my dads alcohol abuse. Contest Ayn Rand? It didn´t go too well in biometric phd thesis school because of all the problems I was dealing with at home, I had problems focusing on fountainhead contest ayn rand institute my work at school, making me an easy target for malayalam bullies.

For many years I had to deal with a lack of self esteem and self confidence. When I was 13 years old, my mom thougth it would be better for me if I moved away to an institution for kids with problems similar to mine, and over contest many years I actually moved from one place to argumentative research assignment sheet another until I was 21 and I got my own flat. Today all of these experiences, have made me very independent very early in life, although I am still dealing with some issues in my personal life, because of all of what I missed out on with my parents not being there when I needed them the most. What I´m trying to say is, that forgiveness, love and fountainhead contest, faith in research paper yourself will get you a long way, while envy and jealousy of essay contest ayn rand, your sibling will keep you from being truly happy with who you are. Parents are humans too :) They too make mistakes and bad choices, and they´re probably raising you the way they were raised when they were kids. So forgiveness is essential. Finally, despite all of these early problems in my life, I´m doing just fine today, also I have a Bachelor´s Degree in Computer Science. So I guess I came out allright in the end. :) I hope this post will serve as an ispiration for some of you with similar backgrounds - Remember it´s YOUR life, not your brothers/sisters, so make it the biometric phd thesis best you can with what you got ;) Thank you, Thelma, for stopping by and commenting. Glad you liked this hub. I can relate to ayn rand institute how you feel, being the mother of an only child (daughter) - so far.

I am still wondering about whether I should have a second child. Search? As of now, I am not quite sure! However, I am parenting my daughter much the same way as you are, so irrespective of whether I choose to fountainhead ayn rand go in for a second child or not, I am sure she would grow up very well. Essay? Thanks for your appreciation and for taking the time to comment :) Thelma Alberts 5 years ago from fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, Germany. Phd Thesis? This is a very good hub. I have only one child and I think we have brought him up as an independent, responsible, loving, and institute, kind person. We have not spoilt him as we taught him to how to a high essay be responsible in every actions he has to take. I pity him when he was a child for he has no siblings to play with, so I always brought him to childrens´ playgrounds and made it sure that he made friends with them. They are still his friends now, his 2nd family besides us. I think his Filipino and fountainhead essay, German upbringing has made him a great person. Term Paper Plasma Interaction? He´s not only our son but our friend whom we can talk to about everything.

We are proud of him. Essay Contest? I do wished though that we had given him a sibling. Thanks for sharing. Thumbs up! BLUEYED ELLIE 5 years ago. I am responding to your comment L My parents adopted meat age 3 months. as given everything I wanted also, and since my parens should not have been in the first place. I was beaten down at a very early age, try 2 years old. Heavy handed father(?) and mom was a screamer and was quiter an actress.

She lied to me about my adoption saying she heard of a little girl that needed a home, when in biometric fact I was the prodct of fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, my father's affair.I take everything to heart just like you, and have low self esteem, I kow it because of the men I chose during the angel thesis rei asuka misato years, mrried a man at age 20 that was abused by his mother, nd tookit out on me, brought 5 children into the world and I took my anger out on one of them, found outin therapy that he reminded me of his father. befriended an alcoholic, that was also schitzaphrenic , dropped that one, then got involved with a arried man, then got attracted with another maried man, I hung in there for 1 years, then his wife died and now I am with im almost everyday, but again not the best choice, he has done some hutful things like sent me in fountainhead contest the kitcen when a wman came to visit with him, and term paper interaction, told me hewants to sleep alone, hes living ith guilt and I se it everyday, if my self esteem is where it should be, I would have not tolerated any of this. MY poor adult kids have scars from the living hell I had with their father, and I blme myself, their father passed away at fountainhead contest, age 50 from essay search, stress related disease. I used to long for a brother or siste when I was growingup, but all I got as an answer was you are quiteenough, grow up and ayn rand, have your own kids I have alot of anger still within me, and it may never g away. I am a good lady, I help others, and love people, but I will not blame the cruel rei asuka couple that adopted me, I own how I conducted my life.Maybe things would have been very different if I had had a different set of parents. I cannot even have m adopotion records opened ,I live in New Jersey and this is the fountainhead essay institute only state that does ot alow adoptees the right of knowing who their real parents were. very sad. blue eyed ellie 5 years ago.

To Highface 2000 if you can't say something decent or in line of what the topic about, don't say anything. More and more families are having only one child. you guys are idiots. MY older brother has middle child syndrome. Write School Jesuit? it's a day to fountainhead day struggle . Essays On Gangster? I stumbled upon this page looking for contest ayn rand advise on research assignment sheet whether to contest ayn rand institute have a second child for biometric my now 5 year old son. I grew up with a 5 year gap with my older brother (I am female). We were never really close but civil with each other growing up. It may be the age difference because we were never at the same school at any given time, or the gender difference. He had guy friends, into sports, I was into music, dance and dolls. My question may be a little different. I am concerned my only is truly an only, and what I mean by that is he will have no siblings or cousins and is biracial (Asian, Italian).

I have yet to find any children of essay contest, that lineage. So I fear he will grow up culturally unique and alone, and of course no siblings or cousins (older brother's wife can't have kids) Husband side same deal. too old. On top of that, I am what one would diagnose as a highly sensitive person. Phd Thesis? I tend to be introverted. Like having my alone time.

Perfectionist (so I put undue expectations on husband and son, which I am trying to stop because I see how it affects a 5 year olds confidence if I show disappointment). But as a result, I don't like meeting new people, or going to ayn rand the playground, having people at argumentative research paper, my house. I know in my heart this is ayn rand institute, not good for my only. He may also be a highly sensitive child. He fuses over paper plasma interaction labels on his clothes, he doesn't like changed environments, going to places with too many people, is fountainhead ayn rand, quick to fall into trantrums. So I am thinking of term plasma, having a second. But worry that a 6 year gap will create 2 onlys, as was my experience. My older brother on the other hand is an extrovert and when I ask him about how it felt to fountainhead essay contest have a younger sister, he says great! But for essays me it was and still is, neither here nor there. I could have been and often felt like an only.

Maybe being the younger child I was more dependent and insecure but my brother as the older and required to do more for me became more extrovert and fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, able to make decisions and take charge. Any comments, advice? I suppose I am the typical only child as my parents give me everything my heart desires but they run a tight ship. I am in phd thesis no way independent and institute, am very needy. I am also very possessive over everything from paper, toys to actual people. I feel very pressured to do well in every aspect of my life and am terrified of failure as if I fail I just feel like sitting down and crying. I became an contest institute, adult way too early as I would often go to events where I was the only child but on the other side of the genre coin I am also very childish with my younger cousins. Essay Contest? I am also very hard on myself as I expect myself to be perfect. I am also very weak as I take insults to heart because I didn't have a sibling who constantly teased me. I do know that being an only child means that being on my own doesn't bother me, if I'm sad I can get over it myself and that I have no urge to rebel against my parents as, unlike my friends who go out and get drunk at discos, I stay in cruel angel rei asuka and read a book. Sad but true.

My parents also let me try everything as I have done everything from ballet to the trombone. Essay? I also know that being an only child means I'm comfortable with myself and malayalam essay search, with not following the herd. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? I like being an paper on laser plasma interaction, only child but the stereotypes annoy me but, as with everything, it's a matter of personal taste. I do know that I would be an entirely different person if I had a brother or sister. It is better to be an contest ayn rand, only child because your parents shows more love to biometric you. Also if you grow up being independent, then you won't really care about having a sibling. Only child gets higher IQS because your parents would have more expectations on you. Parents will have to pay doubled the price. Here's just an fountainhead essay, observation of my experience working with elderly people. Write A High School Essay? All of the people who I have cared for who made it to a very old age were either only fountainhead essay contest institute, children or were the eldest in their families. Malayalam? Now, I realize that this is only observation and not a confirmation by fountainhead essay, any means, but it stands to reason that when parents lavish attention and how to application jesuit, resources on institute their child, that it will reap benefits from that attention.

I was brought up as an only child into a family where my parents split after 13 years of write a high school application essay jesuit, nasty, scary, and sometimes horrifying daily arguments. I am not saying I wasn't loved - in fact it was the fountainhead institute complete opposite - but the loneliness of being the only child nearly drowned me. Argumentative Assignment Sheet? The lack of another young person during these years made me grow up cynical, angry, and scared to fountainhead essay ayn rand be alone. I am not idolising having siblings as I have seen the malayalam essay detrimental effect some siblings can have on one another, but to fountainhead ayn rand have no one that shared my years of hell is how to write a high, a thought so overwhelming that I try not to think about it, so as to break away from its burden. As I grow up, I am finding the realisation that very soon both my parents will be gone a confusing one.

I would love for these so-called 'scientists' to experience the fountainhead ayn rand institute complex and research paper assignment sheet, suffocatingly lonely feelings that I have felt throughout my entire life, and contest, then tell us that being an malayalam, only child is better. Yes, I had lots of toys, but 20 Barbie Dolls does not make up for a family. Fountainhead? I totally respect the author's research and article, especially how she looks at the catch 22 of grass is always greener. Nugessur praveena 5 years ago. I also wished to be the only child of my parents.Being the only child is fantastic as gets loads of affection and love. Plasma? Brisgal, thanks for stopping by and commenting. As regards the question you are wondering about, I don't think the dynamics of sibling relationships change whether the child is ayn rand, adopted or not.

However, personally, I've always believed that an age difference of about 5 or 6 years diminishes the malayalam essay search level of contest ayn rand, adverse/intense sibling rivalry. The older sibling, I feel, would be much more likely to view the younger one as less of a competitor and feel more parent-like towards them. So, if I were to genre go in for a second child, I would do so keeping that in mind. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? That's just my opinion though, others may have a different view!! This is a very interesting discussion and I thank the author and all who have contributed comments. My husband and I adopted a little girl, who is phd thesis, now 5 and are contemplating adopting another child. I am wondering if anyone has thoughts on this type of sibling relationship. blue eyed ellie 5 years ago. thank you, kind person who said those kind words to fountainhead contest ayn rand institute me, it touched my heart and I am grateful. How To A High School Jesuit? Ellie, no parent should raise their kids with guilt and fountainhead essay, fear - only with love and cruel rei asuka, understanding.

Its quite unfortunate that your parents chose to raise you the way they did. I don't see any reason why you should feel any guilt for their lack of empathy and caring. You bear no fault at all for fountainhead ayn rand institute this. I cannot comprehend why a mother would deny her daughter birthday parties. I have a daughter myself and cruel thesis misato, I couldn't imagine letting a birthday of hers go without celebrating it and essay contest, making her feel special and loved. The years gone by can't be undone. You've gotten an thesis rei asuka, unfair deal from your parents - the ayn rand institute least you can do now is to biometric phd thesis NOT feel guilty about their bad parenting.

You don't have to feel any guilt at all. Move on with your life, Ellie, without any guilt, be free and reclaim your life from such unnecessary feelings of guilt!! blue eyed ellie 5 years ago. I'm truly sorry if my lengthy comment was depressing,I know it was but I was hoping for perhaps a validation that what my parents did was so wrong. They raised me with guilt and essay contest ayn rand institute, fear, and essays on gangster genre, I am still harboring some of the guilt.I was always told I was a bad kid and there was something wrong with me. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand Institute? one day my friends and I were playing baseball, and I hit a home run, and jumped and laughed for essay search joy, and at that point my so called father sent all the contest institute kids home and made me come in the house. All I did was laugh for joy cause I hit a home run,I could never just be myself, and I know I was not doing anything wrong. My mother told me that she did not adopt another child because I was enough, and research assignment, she also said if she adopted another, there would be fights. I was not allowed to have a birthday party, she also told me go to someone elses party, and on and on it goes. SO Please someone read my story above and essay institute, please tell me what do you think about research paper assignment sheet a set of essay contest institute, parents that would do these things. Christ Spulen 5 years ago. In the research of National Institute for Child and Family Development said siblings naturally engage in conflicts. As a parent with more than one child, or a professional who works with children, it can be difficult to essay know what to do when children are fighting over a toy or squabbling about who gets to go out the door first.

But there are some simple steps that actually teach children how to handle conflicts appropriately. Fountainhead Contest Institute? Siblings will learn to find out their problems independently and be willing to forgive. Siblings can face out problems more than only one child. Malayalam Essay Search? i personally love being with my sibling (Although we have a 6 year gap). Its so much more interesting when they are around and i would hate to be alone on fountainhead essay institute my holidays, life is so much more interesting and useful with the fact that they have been through exactly what i have. I love them :) This article was very nice! I'm an only- and lonely- child. My dad was married before he met my mom, so I have two half-siblings, a sister and a brother. The problem is, they are much older than me. I have two nephews and a niece, but they can't replace everyday siblings. I'm going through some really bad friendship trouble, and how to a high school, not having a big sister who I can talk to everyday isn't my ideal situation. I'm homeschooled, so some of my friends have +6 siblings.

I feel jealous of my friends for fountainhead contest ayn rand institute having siblings, especially when I see how close they are compared to my half-siblings and cruel angel rei asuka, I. Is it normal to be envious of your friends and fountainhead, their siblings? Hello :) I came across this because I am having my first child (boy) and I honestly think we will be happy with one. Of course I'm worried if he will be lonely etc. Essays Genre? I am one of five kids, so I have no idea what it is like. I'm a twin and the oldest. I always got in trouble for what my younger siblings did. I was the one that had to contest forgive and forget while my younger sister could do whatever she pleased. I had the paper on laser most responsibilities, matured a lot faster, and was in charge.

Honestly, it helped me a lot even though I hated it. Out of fountainhead contest ayn rand institute, all 5 (one is still in school) I'm the only one with a job, car, apartment, stable relationship, and now soon to on laser interaction be mother. My twin isn't doing bad herself, but isn't as stable as I am. It does pay off when the contest institute parent makes you have responsibility, but they should do that for on gangster all their kids not just some. blue eyed ellie 5 years ago. I was an only child because I was adopted by essay ayn rand, a woman 43 and cruel angel thesis rei asuka, a man who was 46, who had no patience for a little child. I was later that I got the contest hint I was the product of an affair my father had. My adopted mother each time she would get angry at me as a child she would sayyou don't get your actions from me, its where you sprang from and cruel angel thesis misato, her favorite when she lost her temper, :you little bastard and I'm not miscalling you I was a very high strung nernous child becvsause each time my mother would get over whelmed with me she would quickly tell my father who always made this terrible face before he beat me from head to tie. I used to feel like someone took a blow torch to my little body. And also if a child could feel hate, then I did cause he hot me terrible from age 4 on. One time my mother kept talking about stay away from the poison nightshade plant out back it will kill you she said it so often my little 4 year old curiosity got the fountainhead essay institute better of essays, me and I licked one of the fountainhead essay ayn rand leaves, I didn't eat any of it but remembered what my mother told me I would die. I was so nervous thinking I was going to die I said to how to school jesuit her I'm not going to be around soon she screamed at ma what the fountainhead hell did you do which scared me more, and as usual as soon as my father came home from work, she ran to him screaming, Denny she ate poison and as usual, he made that horrid face and beat me all over.

All they had to do was remove the little nightshade plant, and there would have been no temptation. I can't even find out who my real father was because I reside in new jersey and this is the only state that does not allow adoptees to open their adoption records. I grew up, met a boy who was abused by essays genre, his mother and after I started having children, my husband started abusing my 13 year old daughter and I. His mother mentally and physically abused him. I was in therapy for awhile and the lady helped me understand why I chose the essay institute person I chose to marry, I equated love with abuse, and the boy I met who later I married was abusive one day and nice to me the next. Angel Thesis Rei Asuka? I was 11 when I met him, and fell for him right away. My therapist told me we were trying to take each other's pain away. SWo this only child didn't have the greatest child hood and young adult hood.

Only now that I am 65 I have some peace in my life. My abusive husband I divorced, and all my children and fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, I have a good relationship.I chose a man this time around 6that treats me kind and is good to me. Sue my adoptive parents gave me toys and provided well for me, but what went with it was not pretty. Biometric? I used to have day dreams that I had a brother that when he got older he protected me when my father would chase and fountainhead contest ayn rand, beat me, and also give him a dose of his own medicine. Occasionally, I still have bad dreams about him.

My mother never stopped him when he would attack me, she would just tell me when he got angry he went temporarily insane,I had no protection at all. There were no children's services back in the late 40's and essays on gangster, 50's to help a child who needed protection. Contest Ayn Rand? Thats my story and I sure wish I had had a big brother back then for essays protection and for a confidante. I am an only child with half siblings and I have an only child. Contest Ayn Rand? The issue is that only biometric, children are in the minority and the only ayn rand, child/parent dynamic is slightly different. The world is structured for children with siblings. I sent my child to a Catholic school, but we are going to paper plasma interaction change to essay contest ayn rand a private school as she is surrounded by children from large extended families who do not require the same extracurricular activities as we do. I would rather have two as it is on essays on gangster genre the whole easier to bring up two rather than one in most cultures. Contest Institute? If the world was made of mainly only children I suggest it would be a different experience as the single children are far more likely to research sheet socialise with each other. We frequently socialise with another single child family and the two girls sometimes fight like siblings, which we don't mind. My husband only wanted one as he hates his brother but does admit his brother was a playmate in younger years.

I never had a problem with being an only child until two things happened: 1) I discovered that I am independent to a fault. no one can do anything for me. This is problematic as I seem to have trouble opening up to fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute others. 2) Not having any cousins, aunts or uncles or family, I am solely responsible for my parent. who seems to be developing alzheimers. I am on my own and life seems hard enough already without the added stress of angel rei asuka, being the sole caregiver of a declining parent. It is ofcorse better to be the single child cz its whn u get all love n affection frm ur parents n dts the best part of lyf. An only child 5 years ago.

Hi, everyone I have read all of your post on the subject of the pro’s and con’s of being an only child. I can tell you that I am an only child who was raised by my grandparents, and yes I can agree that being an only child especial one that was raised by their grandparents was great doing the institute holidays, and birthdays. However, I did not have the love of argumentative research paper assignment, a mother not that she was dead but she did not have time for me in her life. That is why my grandparents had me. After my grandparent pass away, I try to get to know my mother and fountainhead contest, she still did not have time for me it seem that they only time that she wanted something to do with me is paper, after I had my kids.

I don’t know if it was her way of trying to reach out to me or not. But I let her end and after years of being in her life see would always put me down talk about essay contest me in a bad way never had my back for nothing that I did. Even after I received my Master Degree in computer science she never told me that I had did good with my life. So, for those of you who think that being an only child is great have never walk in my shoes. However, I think God for my grandparents they raise me to do my best in whatever it is that I would like to do in life. Absolutely right, Cynthia - I couldn't agree with you more. It is indeed about raising a well-rounded, well-raised child - you are well on the way of doing just that being such a well-rounded individual yourself. Your son is fortunate to malayalam search have a mom like you :) I too keep bringing up the topic of having a second one, but am not really sure that's the best thing, personally, for essay contest institute our situation.

Yes, the financial situation should be an argumentative research assignment, important factor - also, one needs to ask oneself, if one can really give both kids all the essay contest ayn rand institute opportunities they truly deserve. Essay? For me, the fountainhead contest answer to that question is, thus far, not clear and so I've held off on malayalam essay search having a second one. Lovely to hear from you, Cynthia. Thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment!! I am an only child.

I am 38, happily married with a 2 year old son whom we absolutely adore. My husband I are happy with one, but I seem to keep bringing up the second baby topic a lot. I want to do it for my son. Fountainhead Essay? not sure why really. Ideally I think larger families have more support/ friendship with each other. Realistically I know this isn't always the term on laser plasma case since my husband has 3 sisters that family thrives on chaos fighting. I do not have any regrets being an only child. I think my hubby friends would say that I am mindful of others, independent, respectful, compassionate pretty easy to get along with.

I have zero problems @ work. pretty chill when it comes to essay ayn rand institute work conflicts (my husband is the stressor/ worrywart/doesn't get along well with people as much as i do). I definitely wasn't spoiled. in fact I was taught @ a young age how to research assignment be responsible (ironed clothes/mowed the lawn for some change). Despite not feeling lonely (always have had a good core group of contest ayn rand institute, friends), I have felt alone in dealing with my mom her chronic illness the past few years (passed away this February). My father is living we have a strange relationship- he talks @ me, but never asks how I am doing. This is where I wish i had a sibling. Then again. How To A High School Application Essay? who's to say my would-be sibling would be my friend. I know some friends who hardly talk to essay ayn rand their brother/sister. In the ideal world I think we would have another child if we had family nearby to help us watch our little ones on phd thesis occasion, if financially we could afford daycare for 2. At this time, I am determined that our little man will be a mindful, compassionate, easy going person if we focus his path on these things. Fountainhead? He will be well traveled- something that we won't be able to paper assignment sheet do with 2 kids (financially speaking)- something very important to fountainhead essay contest me. Angel Thesis Misato? Traveling to fountainhead institute other countries has definitely made me appreciate the things i have.

It isn't about being an only child or having a multitude of essays on gangster, siblings, it's about raising a well rounded child. Fountainhead Essay? Many parents have a difficulty in making a distinction between loving their children enough and argumentative research paper, loving them too much. Certainly it is normal and fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, healthy for plasma interaction parents to contest ayn rand love their child enough but too much love leads them into becoming soft with their children making them weak and without a strong conscience. Loving a child helps to shape a child's future, in-order to search encourage healthy values but too much of fountainhead essay institute, love makes them ill-mannered and malayalam essay search, makes them throw tantrums even when they grow up. But some parents interfere so much with their child's life that they do not give their child any space to experience any hardships or rejection. These parents assume a rescuer's role. Because of their intense love, they want to save the child from the hardships they had to endure and essay contest ayn rand institute, their love becomes harmful for the children. Frequently, over loving and overprotecting go hand in cruel thesis rei asuka hand resulting in contest ayn rand institute the children becoming stubborn.Every parent loves their child, which is frequently shown by the concern they show for their children in terms of buying them expensive gifts or doing their homework for them. David Adams Richards illustrates the research importance of contest, family relationships in his novel, Nights below Station Street.

The family lives of the characters from Nights below Station Street and Joy Luck Club demonstrate that a child's behavior is directly affected by the overdose of parental love for them. Children have always been their parents' primary concern. In the story, Adele's father, Joe, loves her dearly even though she is not her daughter by blood relation. Joe suffers from chronic back pain, and he feels that drinking alcohol is the essay search most effective method to get relief from his pain. However, he decides to fountainhead ayn rand quit drinking because he does not want his drinking problem to cause any harm and how to a high school application essay jesuit, embarrassment for his daughter.

Joe loves Adele more than anyone else. He tries to provide her with the best life possible he can give to her, just that some obstacles prevent him from doing so. For example, Joe had always tried to get Adele the best present he could, and yet never seemed to have money to do it. Similar to fountainhead essay institute Joe, Byron's mother, Myhrra, tries to be the best mother she can be for him. Cruel Angel Rei Asuka? Myhrra worries so much for his son that she spoils him. She used to make milk shakes for him in the morning, and fudge to contest ayn rand take to school. She makes him read books on tropical fish. Essay Jesuit? And one night when his supper wasn't French fries, hamburgers, and coke, he ran into his bedroom and trips over one of his toy tanks. Later that night, while he slept, Myhrra was down on her knees assembling the fountainhead essay parts of the toy tank. Myhrra also supports her son at all times whether he's wrong or right. When Byron is caught robbing money from the cub troops, Myhrra still believes that her son is innocent and tries to clear his name.

Although parental love continues to play a dominant role, children often misunderstand or remain ignorant of their parent's love for sheet them. Adele feels like that she has the worst family in the neighborhood. She has no respect for fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute her father and feels like that he does not deserve to be in the family. She tries expressing this to her friend. In addition to her lack of respect for her parents, Adele blames her parents for making her life miserable.

Adele just loathes her parents and on gangster genre, never recognizes their love for her. Likewise, Byron is equally ignorant his mother's love for him. He views his mother as a servant working for him. Byron used to insult his mother and make rude comments at her in front of his friends. The author even makes such comments, How could he be so rude to she who loved him more than anyone else- who had given birth to him? As well, whenever Myhrra asks his son how he is, he would reply, You're a stupid mother, you don't know anything. Fountainhead Essay Contest? Therefore, the novel shows how children fail to angel recognize the importance of essay ayn rand, parents' love and taking that love in how to a high school application essay jesuit a wrong way which leads to essay ayn rand their dark future. I am the only child in an average income family.

And the burden can really suffocate me. How To Write A High Application? I have to fend for myself most of the time and I don't get any privileges of anything stated above. Plus, I have to go continue my studies and fountainhead essay contest, keep up with the ever-growing community. Being the biometric phd thesis only child really do sucks. Im an fountainhead contest ayn rand, only child and maybe my parents kind of you know give me I think every single toy on the market and term paper, buy me clothes and fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, stuff I have any troubles to making friends until oh yes high school, I was the paper plasma weirdo the fountainhead contest ayn rand loner and that stuff but in my lonely times I think I enjoy it well cause I tend to demvelop hobbies my arts passion and discover awsome Industrial music bands¡ I make a few great buch of friends I think almost of them got siblings I never want one any way even now I dont complain about it , and I have to admit that yes my parents specially my mother can be very very overprotective with me but I just love it I know live is not easy that i propouse myselfe to be more responsible when college comes next year I got a tendency as I think many lonelly childs as well to be more mature than others with siblings and term on laser plasma, get more along with adults than people at my age. Thank you, Kimberly, for stopping by fountainhead contest institute, this hub and sharing your story. Am sure both your sons will grow up to be confident, independent men, leading successful and productive lives. If your older one feels that way, do reassure him when needed. Sometimes, it is important we speak and let them know, so they know why you treat them both differently. Thanks again for sharing your story :) I grew up as the cruel angel thesis misato oldest sibling of three and have always felt that my youngest sibling, my sister,received the most attention, compasion, and pampering from my parents.

This definetly created some jealousy and rivalry amoungst the fountainhead contest institute three of us. A High Application Essay Jesuit? However, I am pleased to say that as adults we are now closer than ever. I am now a parent myself. Fountainhead Essay Institute? My boys are ages ten and five. They have a similar rivalry between them and admittedly I tend to dote more on my younger child. This is biometric, not because I love (or even like)one more than the other, but because I feel in fountainhead contest ayn rand many circumstances my ten year old is more capable than my five your old. For example if my children want a drink, I will pour the cruel rei asuka five year old his drink but expect my older son to help himself. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? This is usualy followed by my ten year old remarking, You got him a drink, but not me, you must like him better. I am sad to hear that my older child sometimes feels that way, but I feel that if I do for biometric phd thesis him what he can do for himself, than he will never realize his own capabilities.

In addition, it is fountainhead essay ayn rand, my hope to raise a confident, independent man, who will one day live a very happy, successful, and productive life. I wish this for both my sons and as my younger child becomes more capable I will do less and on laser plasma, less for him as well. Thank you, Bumble, for stopping by and sharing your story. Your example demonstrates the fact that having siblings need not be a positive always. I am sure your son would grow up the way you want him to and would have a long and happy life!! I am one of ayn rand, six kids, the term paper on laser plasma interaction only girl with five brothers. I never really knew the ayn rand institute elder three, they were absent and term on laser interaction, never really cared about fountainhead institute my twin brother and I. The 4th eldest resented my arrival and used to abuse me verbally, emotionally, and on occasion sexually too. My twin brother is nice enough, but he is an incredibly selfish person and has next to no insight into his behaviour. I suspect my parents were stretched too thin, and gave up trying to police all the biometric fights and arguments, hence it was open slather for the resident bully in essay contest our household. Siblings are absolutely no guarantee to have play mates or have fun, or have support for aging parents. My brothers don't give a rats arse about term paper on laser interaction my folks and only see/speak to them when they want something.

My parent's welfare will all on essay my shoulders but it doesn't bother me. I often wished I was an only child growing up as I would have been spared all the essays on gangster genre rivalry and destructive abuse, and the worst thing I might have complained about is feeling lonely. We are very strongly considering raising our son as an only child and will do our utmost to raise him in a well-balanced, independent, fun and carefree environment with just enough boundaries to fountainhead essay institute give him direction, but not too many that he will feel suffocated. In the end our intentions are good and we will do our best, and hopefully he will have a long and happy life. Kaytee, here are a few scenarios where you may be advised to have one child versus have multiple children. Would you really follow this advice or question them?

For example, say you are told to not have a second or third child because the how to write school essay first child may feel neglected/less loved. You can well answer this saying, No, I would ensure that the first child is not neglected or feel less loved. Now, say you are told to not have a second or third because your fiances may be strained and fountainhead ayn rand institute, you may struggle to paper plasma provide for institute them all as well as you'd like. May be they'd advise, you can't provide your multiple kids the extra perks like the piano lessons or other extras. You may well answer that saying, I know I can provide for them all, as well as I'd like to, and how to application, as well as I now provide for essay contest ayn rand institute my existing child. There could be an advice put forward that you should not have a second or third because it fosters sibling rivalry, which may be within healthy limits or way beyond. You could disagree and say I would raise my children fairly and justly and with good parenting skills I'd ensure there is no unhealthy sibling rivalry. The point I am trying to make Kaytee is that any one of the on laser interaction pros and cons given by fountainhead, someone else may not apply to your unique financial and personal situation. And so this decision whether you need to have more than one is and should be your own personal decision based on an evaluation of your own personal factors. Kaytee, if you read the angel second part, I express my wish that I were the fountainhead only child in my family.

I have a brother and I felt ( and still do) that it would have been good if I were the only one. So, some could read that as my advocating The Advantages of Being an Only Child. I have put some points forth in the first part as well as to the advantages of that!! Ultimately, I did not set out to write this article as a comprehensive guide to helping parents make a choice if they want to biometric phd thesis expand their family. This article was written in response to a question and is my personal take on the matter. Quite honestly, the decision on whether you want to expand your family or not is one that you have to make yourself depending on your own unique considerations and factors. I don't think anyone can advise with any sort of credibility or claim to give you a 100% correct answer on whether you need to have a second or third child. Wouldn't you agree that this is fountainhead contest ayn rand, just a purely personal choice? Would someone who doesn't know you or your own unique situation be able to offer you definitive advice on this question?

I thought this seemed more like The Disadvantages of being an essay, only child. Really, it went on about Little Emperor Syndrome, but didn't take into account that the essay contest ayn rand institute parents can greatly influence whether or not a child is spoiled by how the essays on gangster are raised. While I realized that this is just a personal take, I don't think it is very helpful to fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute those seeking to expand their families, or not. I loved being an only child. I would not want annoying siblings. Paper On Laser? My husband and I are having a very difficult time deciding whether or not to essay ayn rand institute have a second child. I am scared that when my child gets older she will resent the fact that she does not have a sibling.

The only pros I can come up with are that she will never be alone. Malayalam? The cons are financially (we are stable now and contest ayn rand institute, will be making more money soon and I just don't know if I'm ready for all the extra money to go to another child. hence the freedom part. How To Write A High Jesuit? I feel extremely selfish saying that) and giving up our freedom. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand? She is term paper on laser interaction, barely 4 and I feel like the clock is ticking! I'm scared because I come from contest ayn rand, a VERY close family and am best friends with my 2 siiblings.

My husband feels like he was an only child because of a 6yr age difference and they are not close now. Does anyone know any other sites to visit to biometric get actual feedback of only fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, children. These comments are the only real things I've been able to find other than studies. Barbara Radisavljevic 6 years ago from Templeton, CA. I find this interesting because I have been both. I was an only child for phd thesis ten years before my brother was born. When I was an only child, I thought having a sibling (like most of contest ayn rand institute, my friends) would be great. When my brother was born, it was at paper on laser, first like having a new doll -- only a live one. But I soon became the fountainhead ayn rand institute built in baby sitter and my chores doubled. Misato? When the other kids in essay contest ayn rand drivers' ed in high school got to go on biometric phd thesis drives far away, I had to be dropped off at home first to fountainhead essay baby-sit because my mom had a class. i went away to school when I was 19, and that meant I only lived with my brother until he was nine.

I married right after college and then he became the only child at home. Malayalam Essay Search? He teen-aged years were rocky, because we had been close. Because my mom injured her back when he was 18 months old, I was his primary care-giver when Mom was not allowed to life him. I never thought about essay contest it when before now, but I'm wondering if his teen years might have been rocky because we were close, Mom went to school full time and then got her first teaching job when he was in high school, and I was gone. He came home to essays on gangster a family friend in the afternoon until he was considered old enough to be alone. After having a sister around for his early years, he had to adjust to essay institute being by himself, and he was someone who needed constant attention when he was young. I don't think any of us ever thought about the difference that would make in his life. Up until I was ten, my mom was home, though Dad traveled for work.

I had lots of essays on gangster, attention from both parents and other adults in our lives. I also enjoyed a relationship with my cousins who were about fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute my own age. My brother never enjoyed such a cousin relationship. No wonder he was lonely. I was busy at college with new friends at the dorm and hardly even came home. This may explain why my brother did his best to drive my dates crazy. How To Write A High Application Jesuit? He may have been jealous of the attention I paid them. Thanks for making me think. Fountainhead Contest Institute? Hi Kevin, I wouldn't call this article a paper, as in a well-researched article.

This is just my personal take on the subject, not an in-depth look. I'd like to remain anonymous - I hope you understand!! i need u help. would u give me the author name of rei asuka misato, this paper ? Interesting article. I am and the only child too. It will must less of a burden for fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute my parents but sometimes, i do feel lonely. VS, thank you for stopping by and commenting. I can understand your dilemma, but unfortunately, it is a decision that you have to come to yourself. There are many deciding factors like being able to look after both children well, the financial aspect - whether you can afford to essays on gangster genre educate them both, etc. Your dilemma isn't unique, many parents face the same decision. If you do choose to have a second child though, this is essay, about the ideal time since your first child is 5-1/2 years now. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka Misato? Websites can't really guess at your unique situation - each family has unique dynamics, so it is best if you arrive at your own decision in this matter!!

Hi. we are in a dilemma of having a second child, we live in joint family. my elder brother has two daughters, studying in college and the other in 10th Std., our Son is about 5 1/2Yrs now. my son is fine with both of them., but however we are still confused abourour second child. we have visited so many websites, none of fountainhead ayn rand, them discuss / speak about only child in a joint family situation. I am the youngest and I feel they love my brother ( middle child) more. They ALWAYS get's him stuff and leave me and my big sister out and I get really mad. Personally I think it's because he's a boy. Thank you, BB, for your appreciation of angel thesis misato, this hub.

Glad to meet you too :) Alex Valis 6 years ago from Earth. Excellent Hub and great points of view the Advantages and Disadvantages of Being an Only Child. Glad to meet you here in Hubpages. Alex From Greece. I think is makes sense as this piece was written by someone who is fountainhead contest institute, NOT an only child. I hated being an only. Selfish parents have onlies. The children are not selfish. Just very sensitive and subject to a lifetime of lonliness as an outsider with no voice.

I don't feel anyone ever had my back, or understood me. All my needs were to be taken care of by myself. Angel Thesis Rei Asuka? Thank you, Ingenira, for ayn rand stopping by and commenting. Glad you found this hub interesting :) Interesting hub, and interesting to paper on laser plasma interaction read comments from fountainhead ayn rand, many only-child who has grown up. Paper Assignment? proud to be a childless adopted only child 6 years ago. As an only child, I was kind and thoughtful, quiet and introverted; all that was often misinterpreted as snotty and aloof. I've been pressured all my life into being what I am not - a bubbly extrovert who can just glide into contest ayn rand any situation thoughtlessly cackling a mile a minute with a phony smile on essays on gangster my face. My household was quiet and peaceful and dignified but far from boring - we did things together like travel and contest ayn rand, we did it with dignity. Part of the reason this world is screwed up is because it is overpopulated with kids who come from large, noisy, kicking and on laser, screaming households; they grow up to be cruel and hateful (oh I'm so sorry - I meant tough - isn't that the euphemism used to essay contest make them feel better about the way they act?) So many kids grow up to be mad and hateful adults as a result of these noisy kicking screaming uncaring households, and phd thesis, they like to bring us loved and cared-for onlies way down to the ground so that we retreat back to our parents' homes in our adulthood, thinking we are second class citizens and not meant to be a part of this cold cruel extroverted world. And yes, sibling-rich extroverts have been succeeding and this world is getting crueler and noisier and more overcrowded, but you know what? You all have had your way for far too long.

We kind, thoughtful, dignified ONLY KIDS are figuring this out and fountainhead contest ayn rand, we will defeat you. Malayalam Essay Search? We are the Dark Horses pulling ahead in the end. Institute? You put us down for far too long. Far far too long. Hope you enjoyed it. Thank you, Doctor Rain, for stopping by write a high school, and sharing your perspective!! Really good read. I am an only child and I feel the cons have outweighed any pro to fountainhead it.

In my adult life I feel that I got affected all the more by term paper on laser plasma interaction, it. Fountainhead Contest? High school was rough, I had no sibling to interaction hook me up with any of his/her friends. High school went lousy and its affected me into my 20s. No lie. If I had an only child, I would not give more to him just because I had no other kids. I would treat him like he had 3 brothers. Contest Institute? My mom failed in trying to raise me and essay search, I have been a late bloomer ever since. Fountainhead Ayn Rand? You are only biometric, a late bloomer because of how you're brought up. You are not just born this way. Essay Contest Ayn Rand Institute? Even if you have Aspergers since birth, I feel the parents perpetuate certain things as well and cruel angel thesis, can be much more mild if you kick your kid in fountainhead essay ayn rand institute the ass and don't give him special treatment ever.

Thank you, AC, for taking the essays genre time to express how you feel in fountainhead essay such detail. I appreciate that greatly. You have put forth some very compelling points that I wouldn't have thought of - well, I am not an only child, so how would I know!! I can understand how you feel about the need for privacy, having gotten used to having a room - JUST for how to a high application you! Well, being a shy person myself, I can relate to that. I hope your boyfriend gets to know why you feel that way - guess you need to tell him that. It can create problems or misunderstandings otherwise. About the children, oh don't worry!

You'd get to know what to essay do when the situation presents itself. We always worry, don't we, before we have to do a task that we think is impossible - but more often than not, we do manage to term paper on laser interaction successfully complete it. So, am sure you would be a wonderful, fair and fountainhead essay, just mom to two kids or more :) The only advice I'd give to deal with sibling rivalry is to remain equidistant in the conflicts they might have. Children want parents to be fair - that's all. Give them both a patient hearing and try to on laser interaction arrive at just judgments about contest who is in the wrong and discipline accordingly. Don't you worry, AC, you'd do just fine as a mom to your kids :) Best of luck!! I'm an only child and for me the cons outweigh the pros. Paper On Laser Interaction? It's true that as an only child I had the undivided attention of my parents, oh and I was an only grandchild too. Contest Ayn Rand? However this meant too much attention, too much pressure on me. Too much scrutinising everything I do, and research assignment sheet, then being discussed over.

I wasn't spoilt as a child, no Little Emperor Syndrome, however neither were my parents too strict with me. So I was lucky with that. From being an only child I am very good at being by myself, I find it a lot more comfortable to travel by fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, myself, for example, and finding things to do. I almost never feel lonely when I'm by myself. However I have never learnt to cruel thesis rei asuka live with somebody-else of my generation. I have trouble with my boyfriend, whom I live with, because, well, he's there. all the time! When I was still living at home with my parents it was ok as, well, it's your parents, and they go ahead and do things parents do. When I shared a flat at uni and after that was ok too as I had my sanctuary (the bedroom) to escape to and shut the door. Fountainhead? But with my boyfriend, I can't escape anywhere to have some peace and quiet, and I suddenly don't have any privacy.

I am really struggling with it. We have arguments because he can't understand why I don't want him around sometimes. I get annoyed, irrationally, when my stuff is moved and cruel thesis misato, not there where I put it. All this I know is not rational, and I know that as well, but you see I wasn't brought up with siblings goingt into my room and fountainhead ayn rand, borrowing things, etc. Angel Misato? I shall never be an fountainhead essay, aunt, I will never know what it is like to malayalam essay have a brother or sister as a confidante (and yes, I do know this isn't always the case). Fountainhead Ayn Rand Institute? When my parents will finally need help when they're old that burden will fall only onto me. Argumentative Research Paper Sheet? Not that I will begrudge it, far from it, but I would love it if I had brothers or sisters to discuss what to do, what would be best for my parents. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? But the thing that worries me the phd thesis most is institute, when I have my own children. Biometric Phd Thesis? I'm 33 now, and I would like to be able start a family soon, and I don't want to have only fountainhead essay ayn rand, one kid. But I have no idea how to deal with two children as I don't have the knowledge of that, I don't know what it is paper sheet, like.

How is it best to deal with sibling rivalry? How do I distinguish between normal arguments between siblings and something far more serious. How would I divide my attention between the children evenly? This scares me quite a bit. I the second child of 5 children. I have to admit that having 4 other brothers is awesome. But sometimes the little brothers drive you nuts. Because of them whining, crying etc. But I like having lots of brothers and fountainhead contest ayn rand, prefer that than being an only child. I was 1 of term paper interaction, 5 children and I hated it!! we always fought with one another and I have to admit life was hell at essay ayn rand institute, times.

But Now that we are all older- we have all grown out of our childhood troubles and now have fantatic relationships with each other and we all share the phd thesis burden of fountainhead essay institute, caring for our parents and each other. I am so happy to have my brothers and sisters and paper plasma, we wouldn't change it for the world now. Sorry to hear you were abused - there is just no excuse for that, shouldn't happen to any child!! I hope you can find your family and probably connect with them. All the contest ayn rand institute best!! Thanks for stopping by and sharing your story!! I was born in2 an essays on gangster genre, abusive home. Most abuse was by my mom. I thought 4 many yrs that I was an only child til I saw my BC as an adult.

I was shocked 2 learn that the whore (she really was) had 6 kids. I wondered where my family was, what happened 2 every 1. Essay Contest Institute? Thank you, Bethany, for thesis misato stopping by essay institute, and sharing your story. Well, I guess you are in the same boat as I :) I know Exactly What you mean!, I'm the older sister by one year, and essays on gangster genre, it definitely seems that my younger sister is doted on, I used to fountainhead essay contest ayn rand think it was my imagination, but it really is how to a high application essay jesuit, that way, growing up I got negative attention from essay contest, my parents, always got into malayalam trouble, I've often wished I was the Only child, I have an older brother, I'm the middle one, so sometimes it seems like I get what's Left, lol. Thank you, Lynnette, again for stopping by fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, and commenting. Every experience is interesting to note and so thank you for malayalam sharing yours, much appreciated :) Hello, it is I! ..again. :P I'm an essay contest, only child too. However, I'm kinda different. I'm not pampered, neither do I get excessive affections from my parents.

But I'd admit that my Dad in argumentative sheet particular, is fountainhead contest ayn rand institute, a great parent! Although I used to angel thesis rei asuka hate him much when I was younger, I now see why he does the things that he do in order to make me a better person. To explain logic rather than giving me commands was one of the things I believed that parents should do. Don't just say NO to fountainhead essay institute your little ones, rather.. Term On Laser? Explain why not when they grow up, they might be different in a good way (I've also come to realise the benefits of this as my housemate is one stubborn, unreasonable block-head. I can't stand her nonsense any longer I'm gonna kick her out.

HAHAHA). Yeah. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute? I agree with the people here that not everyone gets the essays on gangster genre little emperor/princess syndrome. I honestly felt I'm under-treated instead of being pampered. Sigh. But I guess it's just due to contest ayn rand institute the nature of my parents as they are practical and down to malayalam essay earth people. But interestingly, I don't wail out loud for fountainhead essay ayn rand institute toys such too.

Discipline taught to me must be really good. +1 to how to write a high school essay my parents once again. Teehehe. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? Hmm.. I guess the term paper plasma interaction culture and upbringing really makes you what you are. It's kinda hard to change it in the future when you've got bad habits.. being the only child doesn't only essay ayn rand institute, mean to have the burden of taking care of them, but rather.. You tend to panic get worried over who you could rely on when you're older as you've got no siblings - particularly if you're not close to your relatives. How To Write A High Application Essay Jesuit? Of course, not everyone's siblings are as helpful. :P. i think having a sister is annoying because there are sor babish and love barbis. i think you are quite true maybe you get more thing. Thank you GM for essay contest ayn rand institute stopping by and commenting!! I appreciate you sharing your experience in such detail. It is always nice to malayalam know the contest ayn rand institute experience of real people out essays on gangster there.

Yes, you are correct when you say that the essay ayn rand institute 'little emperor syndrome' can be found in thesis rei asuka misato children with siblings too. Institute? However, the prevalence is greater in families with only one child. To me, this is not much of a surprise. One can always find pros and cons about both situations - being an only child or being a child with siblings. Ultimately though what matters is how the term paper interaction actual individual feels, which is why it was wonderful to hear from you. I am glad you loved your experience as the only child in your family. Thanks again for visiting :)

I am an only child and loved it. I only see pros to being an only child. I received a regular allowance and the regular amount of toys. I was not spoiled at fountainhead essay ayn rand, all but expected to be a little adult. Cruel Angel Thesis Rei Asuka Misato? My parents did not tolerate any type of misbehavior at all. As an ayn rand institute, only child, I was more empathic than children with siblings. I was always instructed to give away my old things to charity. I did this willingly without being asked much of the time. I enjoyed the time I spent with my parents. My parents were average middle income people.

If I wanted more money, I worked for it willingly. I know of many an only child who willingly worked after school to earn extra cash. Not all only children are affluent children with parents who are cash cows. They shared things willingly and without much bother. I assume that you do not know much about only children but rely on atavistic and outmoded ideas about the only child.

Many only children are very self-sufficient and hardy. Angel Thesis? They are not dependent at all. I know many only fountainhead ayn rand institute, children who had after school jobs from the essays time they are fourteen and worked to earn extra cash. One only child that I knew earned money to fountainhead ayn rand contribute to her household. Term Paper Plasma Interaction? Only children are very responsible. At my summer job, the head administrator commended me of a job well done. I did not have to work that summer as the other children had to but I wanted to. The head administrator did not have to fountainhead contest institute chase me to do work as she did the argumentative assignment other children(mostly from large families). She wanted me to work with her the next summer. Another only child I knew at graduate school was also commended by her boss for being a hardest worker at the diner while the other children(with siblings and from large families) goofed off.

You are mistaken that only children have the little emperor syndrome. I know of children with siblings and some from large families who have the little emperor syndrome. I went to high school with a girl who is the oldest from a large family of ten. She expected people to wait on her hand and wait. She even had her younger siblings clean her room for contest ayn rand her. She maintained that the sun rose and a high jesuit, set with her. Shannon, I can understand your dilemma. Am not sure if you should think of having another child just for your son's sake. There are lots of families with an 'only child,' who have turned out okay, so that shouldn't be the only reason for fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute having another child. The most important thing is paper sheet, how you bring up that 'only child.' However, if you do want to have another child, I would say this is the right time to fountainhead ayn rand institute have one - don't put it off longer.

A small difference of age (like 3 years) between children can make them competitive in thesis rei asuka misato a bad way and contest ayn rand, can give rise to essays on gangster feelings of being unloved, jealousy, etc. Whereas, a 7-year difference would just be about right, as the older child is likely to fountainhead ayn rand institute be caring and protective of his younger sibling and term on laser plasma, the younger one is fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, going to look up to the older one as a role model and respect him more than if the difference were lesser. Argumentative Paper? So, Shannon, if you are going to have another child, do have one now. It is the right time. Ultimately, though, you have to make the decision as to whether you need to essay contest institute have another child. You are the write a high school best judge of that!! I wish you the best and contest ayn rand institute, thank you so much for biometric phd thesis sharing your story. Thanks for visiting :) Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on fountainhead essay contest institute affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and essay, others. Fountainhead Essay Ayn Rand? Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on the SAT essay is to fountainhead essay institute, pre-plan the research paper sheet examples and evidence you want to use. But wait! I hear you cry. Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isn’t the fountainhead essay ayn rand institute point of the essay that you’re supposed to be using information from the passage in your answer, which you don’t know about ahead of time? The answer: Yes and write jesuit no. While the specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of examples you choose to discuss (and the way you explain each example builds the fountainhead contest author’s argument) can be defined, and essays genre thus prepared for, ahead of time. In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples you’ll be able to find in nearly every prompt the SAT throws at you. By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on fountainhead essay contest planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into term paper interaction, every SAT essay confident in your abilities. If you haven’t already read our introduction to essay, the SAT essay prompt, read it now.

This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Then come back to malayalam search, this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in essay ayn rand institute common: They’re all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the author’s claim They’re all around the same length (650-750 words) They’re all meant to be analyzed and how to a high school application jesuit written about in a relatively short period of time (50 minutes) This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of time of what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. Fountainhead Essay Contest Ayn Rand! The main techniques the author uses aren't going to be overly complex (like the first letter of every word spelling out a secret code), because you just don’t have the time to analyze and write about complex techniques. And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples that’ll be likely to found across persuasive passages about many different issues —we've provided some ideas below. We've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and essays genre two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to contest institute, support your thesis . Play to the features of the passage – if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to discuss that; if it dwells more on how to write a high application essay jesuit personal anecdotes/appeals to emotion, discuss those.

For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for any SAT Essay prompt. The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to essay, discuss the two big ones I've seen in angel thesis rei asuka the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released. These two types of evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics. Employing statistics and facts to bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and fountainhead contest facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at biometric phd thesis, hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data. Here're a couple of examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by fountainhead Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way. Example : In the essays on gangster genre United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year.

Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from fountainhead essay, which they're drawn. Here's another example from angel thesis rei asuka, Let There Be Dark: Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen. Another form of evidence that is ayn rand institute, often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to research assignment sheet, the reader.

An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event . Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute! When an essay, author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of ayn rand, someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an example of (part of) an biometric, anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by former U.S. Fountainhead Contest Institute! President Jimmy Carter: One of the most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on write a high school essay jesuit the coastal plain. We had hoped to see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves.

In a matter of a few minutes, the sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle. We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as “America’s Serengeti.” Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because it’s more relatable/interesting to essay contest ayn rand, the reader to read an anecdote than to be presented with dry, boring facts. Essays On Gangster! People tend to put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true).

In the example above, rather than discussing the fountainhead essay institute statistics that support the creation of biometric, wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about experiencing the fountainhead essay ayn rand institute wonder of nature to illustrate the same point - probably more effectively. By inviting the reader to angel, experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to some extent, but it’s not always a major part of how the author builds her/his argument. It's not always enough just to throw out support for a claim – an author may choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the argument. Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in which an author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to essay, accept the claim being put forward is to discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to the author's main point. The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the search author's own argument.

When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and contest institute phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is malayalam essay, likely presenting a counterclaim. Here's an fountainhead institute, example of an essays on gangster genre, effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an fountainhead essay institute, official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by essay Eliana Dockterman: “You could say some computer games develop creativity,” says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. “But I don’t see any benefit. Waldorf kids knit and build things and paint—a lot of really practical and creative endeavors.” But it’s not that simple. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities.

So how does bringing up an opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to make it seem as if the discussion’s going to be more “fair.” This is still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the author only briefly mentions an opposing point of view before moving on. Fountainhead Contest Institute! But a true discussion of the counterargument , as is angel thesis, present in fountainhead contest ayn rand Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the topic well enough to be able to see the issue from essays genre, multiple sides, it means that the reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing. In the case of the Dockterman article, the author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. Contest Ayn Rand Institute! This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to cruel rei asuka, be presenting a one-sided argument. Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence. In some cases, the fountainhead contest clarity with which the author links her evidence and her claims is integral to the author's argument. As the College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an argument together.

It’s the argumentative research paper sheet “thinking” — the contest institute logic, the analysis — that develops the argument and ties the biometric phd thesis claim and evidence together. This is one of the contest ayn rand trickier argument-building techniques to discuss (at least in my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature. Paper! You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the author connects claims to fountainhead essay ayn rand, support and explains it , rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the research paper evidence is contest ayn rand, a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Term Paper! Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage): And at MIT’s Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students’ interest in history and fountainhead essay contest ayn rand was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports. Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to discuss an author's reasoning is a little vague: You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about doing this? And wh y is it persuasive to clearly explain the thesis rei asuka link between evidence and claim? In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and understand the author’s argument better (which in fountainhead essay contest ayn rand some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the cruel author). In the Dockterman example above, the author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the contest ayn rand game and thus the subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on essay a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV).

This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the essay contest reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to improvements in history and having to rei asuka misato, take it on faith, the reader is forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the topic on a deeper level. Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements. This final category of examples is the top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is evidence, which is often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an essay, ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the essays genre deal. Vivid language is truly the icing on the persuasive cake.

As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic). Vivid language is pretty easy to spot - it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that don’t seem to have purely functional purposes . Here are a couple of examples - the first is Paul Bogard again: …show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. This example is fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, relatively restrained, using the metaphor of a blanket of light to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution. A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and thesis money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an effective argument building device because it puts the reader in fountainhead ayn rand the author’s shoes and draws them into the passage . If used in how to a high application essay jesuit moderation, vivid language will also make the essay ayn rand topic more interesting for paper on laser plasma interaction, the reader to read, thus engaging them further. In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and essay provocative, meant to rouse the audience's indignation at application, the injustice and waste of the Vietnam war. If King had left out the second part of the sentence and essay contest ayn rand institute only said, Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money, his point would not have had as big of an on laser, impact. Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and Appeals to the Reader. The last category I'll be discussing in this article are direct addresses and contest appeals to the reader.

These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on facts or logic. Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to cruel angel thesis rei asuka misato, provoke a response (often emotional) in the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an example of an appeal to emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of ayn rand institute, reality took place when it became clear to me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home. Paper Plasma! It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and to die in fountainhead essay contest extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the angel thesis rei asuka misato population. And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the Paul Bogard article): Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . By describing how the war was causing their sons and their brothers and fountainhead essay ayn rand institute their husbands to essays on gangster genre, fight and die, King reminds the reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the readers to step into the author's world.

By reading and thinking about the author's question, the reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of what the author thinks . In the case of the Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for whom the essay contest ayn rand reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants). As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from argumentative research paper assignment sheet, a lot of different article types for a wide range of topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of fountainhead ayn rand, issues. The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to malayalam search, develop an arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to support your points. Fountainhead Essay Contest! Instead, preparing beforehand how you’ll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and anxiety when the test rolls around . If you're reading this article, you probably want to excel on argumentative paper assignment the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do. Took the old SAT and fountainhead institute not sure how the new essay compares to essays, the old? Start with our article about what’s changed with the fountainhead essay ayn rand institute new SAT essay, then investigate the SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out our guide to how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points:

Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from argumentative research sheet, Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of contest ayn rand institute, Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on how to write a high our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on fountainhead essay contest Each SAT Section:

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Sample ACT Writing Prompt #038; Essays. Click through the tabs below to read SIX different sample ACT essays for this prompt. Each has a different score, and fountainhead essay institute an explanation for that score at the end. See how you can go from a zero to a hero by learning what makes the perfect ACT essay. “School’s out for summer!” How many of us have stated this sentence in essays June while happily beginning a summer of fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, fun activities? All students desire the small taste of freedom that comes during the summer months, but we must admit that what we want isn’t always the best thing for a high school application essay jesuit us.

Few students will admit this, but having an extra few months every year to complete our education would be beneficial to young people entering a world that is more global and competitive than ever. With the nine months that are currently provided, students find it difficult to complete their goals before they leave high school. Being accepted to a college requires planning and effort which requires time that is difficult to come by during the busy school year. By extending the school year, students will be given the precious time they need in order to fountainhead ayn rand, truly prepare for the ‘real world’. Colleges look closely at how students utilize their time in high school. Do students do well in their courses?

Are students afraid of taking difficult courses? Are students ‘well-rounded’ with extracurricular activities? Many students may desire to take leadership roles in multiple organizations, but are unable to how to write school application, due to time constraints. With an extra few months each year, students will be able to fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, fulfill all of these requirements. They will be able to take more courses to complete globally while participating in a wider variety of after school activities. With all of the pressures facing teenagers today, many of us struggle to essays on gangster, keep a high grade point average. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute. It is very difficult to be involved with outside activities while maintaining academic excellence. However, colleges do not take this into consideration when considering the growing number of applicants that come across their desks each year.

Many students who are from other nations such as Japan and China spend much more time in school, and are therefore at an advantage when being compared to argumentative assignment, American students. Students in our country need to step up to the global plate and use all twelve months of the year to achieve their goals. Academics aside, students often struggle to achieve their personal goals within a nine month school year. A student may face a choice between an AP Calculus course and a music course. Which looks more impressive on contest ayn rand, a transcript? The student will sacrifice their personal interest in order to look more impressive to colleges and essays on gangster genre universities.

This may lead to fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, students having higher levels of stress and search becoming burnt out. High school is a turning point for many people. It can either be a foundation for a successful life or the beginning of a life of disappointment and deferred dreams. A few extra months of education each year may make all the difference. With the additional time, students can take both the courses they want and the courses they need while having more time to work at a reasonable pace and to reduce stress and essay ayn rand institute pressure. Teenagers work hard to build the foundation for their future, and they need as much time as possible to ensure their success. This essay reflects effective skill in responding to the task. The writer takes a stance on essay, the issue and offers a critical context for fountainhead essay contest discussion. The writer also looks at the underlying cultural influences regarding the issue and offers clear examples of cruel misato, these. The argument is clearly supported by both general and specific examples.

The organization of the essay is clear and logical, with effective use of transitions throughout. The introduction and contest ayn rand conclusion are effective, well developed and captivating to the reader. Language and vocabulary usage are excellent, and there are few mistakes to distract the essays genre, reader. Blank test, illegible, not in English, off-topic. In this essay I will be writing about how year long schools are a bad idea.

Students already have to go to school for much too long. School is a place where students can learn about things that will help them in life and essay contest ayn rand students are also able to socialize with others during the biometric phd thesis, school year. Summer vacation is the only thing that people look forward too, and even teachers are happy when the school year is over. Going on vacation helps students to do better in school and to graduate on time. My friends and I have a lot of fun during the summer but we also get jobs to earn money so that we can do the fun activities that we like to do.

Some parents don’t like that students get to get the summers off but our schools have been that way for fountainhead essay ayn rand institute many years and I just don’t think that nothing needs to change. This essay shows little skill in replying to the task. While the writer does take a stance on their opinion in the opening sentence, they fail to use any logical argument to support their thesis. There are many different ideas and thoughts scattered throughout the essay without using any logical structure or progression. There are leaps between each subject that is essays addressed and there are no transitions or discernible organization to the essay. Fountainhead Contest Ayn Rand Institute. The student repeats different ideas over and over in research paper assignment sheet lieu of explaining them.

If you ask any student if they would enjoy going to school all year, the vast majority would say no. I would be one of the few that would say yes, not because I would enjoy losing my vacation, but because I would want to make sure that I have more time to prepare for the real world after I graduate high school. Along with this, I feel that we waste a lot of contest ayn rand institute, time preparing for the tests that we have to take at the end of the year, and this might make up for the time that we lose when we are doing that. High school students today have to enter a world where there are not very many jobs. Students need to learn more in school and term paper on laser plasma become smarter so that they can get the jobs since many more people are going against them to get these jobs. Even if students go to fountainhead contest ayn rand institute, college, many of them aren’t ready and are shocked when they enter college. Maybe if we went to on laser plasma interaction, school during the summer, we could learn what we need to learn so that we will be ready. We waste so much time learning how to fountainhead essay ayn rand institute, take the state tests every year that we basically waste several months every year, so we should make up the time by learning in the summer.

Also, most other jobs in the real world happen all year, so we should just go ahead and get used to that anyway. The writer shows inconsistent skill in term addressing the essay institute, task. Although there are clear ideas and arguments made, they are rather thin and are not given sufficient explanation throughout the biometric phd thesis, essay. There is some organizational structure and fountainhead contest institute logical progression, but the conclusion is rei asuka misato minimal and not clearly separated from the discussion of the other arguments in the essay. Fountainhead Essay Institute. Transitions are present but are minimal and paper on laser plasma simplistic. Sentence structure and fountainhead essay ayn rand institute word choice shows some variety. There are minimal language usage errors to distract the reader. Experts debate changing the school calendar to year-round schools. Some experts believe that this helps students not to waste time during the summer so that they can learn all the biometric, things that they need to learn.

Other experts feel that the students of today are already too busy and need a break in the summer to rest and get ready for the next school year. Both sides have strong points but it is my opinion that we should keep the summer vacation in fountainhead contest institute the school calendar. I agree that high school should keep the summer vacation because many students will loose interest in school if they aren’t given a break to rest and get ready for the following year. School is very busy for students with both educational and extracurricular activities, and if students don’t get to rest sometimes, they will get burned out and malayalam search will do worst at fountainhead contest ayn rand, school instead of better. Many students already loose their interest in school and on gangster drop out before they finish, and I think that taking away summer vacation would just make that problem worse instead of better. I also feel that it is important to have summer vacations so that students can do things in the real world instead of just inside of a school building.

Most students get jobs over the summer so that they can save money to go to college or to buy cars or other things that they want to buy themselves. Some parents can’t afford to buy their kids lots of stuff that they need so it helps when the kids can work and buy it for themselves. Essay Contest. Some students also get to essay search, go on vacation to other places in the world and meet other people and they can learn lots from that instead of just learning from books inside of school. It just seems to me that going to school all year is way too long for most people. It is hard enough to make it through the school year the way it is and adding three more months will just be to much for some people.

Students would give up and drop out or fail if they had to stay in school all that time. The writer shows some skill in the writing task. The writer takes a position on the issue and fountainhead contest ayn rand offers arguments and examples to support their claims. The student repeats the prompt in the introduction of the essay, but does not offer any counter arguments in biometric the body of the work. Essay Ayn Rand. Discussion of each idea is biometric phd thesis limited to general statements that are never illustrated by specific reasons, examples, or details. The writer does, however, stay on topic and keeps a logical progression to their arguments. Transitions are used, but there are no meaningful connections between the paragraphs of the essay. There are clear introductions and conclusions but they are underdeveloped, repeating either the given writing prompt or ideas that were just stated in the body of the fountainhead contest ayn rand institute, essay. Language use shows some variety, but there are some distracting usage errors.

Educators debate the usefulness of on gangster, a summer vacation in essay ayn rand institute todays changing world. Those who support a year round schedule feel that students will be given more time to prepare for college and for a more competitive job field, while those against it feel that students will become burnt out without a break and will perform more poorly than before due to feeling overwhelmed. There are advantages and disadvantages to each side of the paper on laser interaction, argument, but I feel that having a 12 month school year would be counterintuitive for many reasons, such as a loss of fountainhead institute, interest and research assignment motivation, loss of real life experiences and fountainhead essay contest institute the fact that three extra months of learning will not solve the bigger issues that face our educational system. Firstly, students don’t really learn the essay, whole time they are in school with the current schedule. Every spring, students and fountainhead essay ayn rand teachers get burnt out and just do the minimum amount of phd thesis, work required to get through to the end of the school year.

The last week of fountainhead essay contest institute, school is often spent just watching movies or doing nothing at all. With an extended school year this attitude will persist for months instead of on laser interaction, a few weeks, and nothing will get accomplished anyway. Secondly, students will lose the essay contest ayn rand, opportunity to learn things during the summer. Essays On Gangster Genre. Yes, it is possible to learn outside of fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, school! Many students get jobs during the summer in essays order to help with expenses. Institute. This helps kids to on laser interaction, learn responsibility as well as helping them to fountainhead ayn rand institute, try different professions so that they can decide what they want to do with their lives. Malayalam Essay. Some students also use the summer to travel with there families and learn more about different places and contest ayn rand cultures. Lastly, extending the school year just seems like a ‘quick fix’ solution to bigger issues in paper on laser plasma interaction the American school system. Tacking three months onto the school year isn’t going to fix the dropout rates or inclining test scores. It may even worsen these problems due to the drop in both teacher and student morale.

In conclusion, nine month long school years are more than long enough for students to learn the things that they need to learn in order to succeed. The problems that students face will only fountainhead essay contest institute be worsened by angel misato a year-long school calendar. We have had the fountainhead essay contest ayn rand, same school calendar for many decades and a high school application essay many people have managed to learn and succeed without attending school over the summer, so why would we think that students today are any different? The student displays adequate skill in responding to fountainhead institute, the task. The writer takes a position and provides clear examples to support their arguments.

The writer addresses some counter-arguments to their own position, which shows some complexity and depth to their ideas. The development of ideas is logical and adequate, and focus on the original issue is maintained throughout the essay. The organization is clear but predictable, and thesis transitions between the paragraphs are overly obvious and fountainhead essay simplistic. The introduction and conclusion are clear and somewhat developed. Language and word choice show some variety and proficiency. However, there are some distracting errors in word usage. Demand for excellence in both academics and extracurricular activities are forcing high school students to work their fingers to the bone in phd thesis order to reach the high standards that are applied to ayn rand institute, them in today’s society.

This is hardly surprising in a society which admires those who make the most money and obtain the highest achievements. Having students attend school through the summer would give more opportunities to take courses which interest them while relieving some of the stress that they face and helping the young people of today to prioritize their wants and needs accordingly. Many schools offer an abundance of interesting courses, but many students, particularly college bound students, do not have the opportunity to take these courses. Instead, they are pressured to take courses which will be required for college as opposed to being able to learn something that grabs there interest. College admissions are more competitive than ever, so students will take difficult and more ‘impressive’ courses in order to have a leg up instead of being able to learn about things that they enjoy. Life for teenagers today is more stressful than ever. We have parents and how to write school essay teachers who ask about our college and career paths starting in elementary school. Stress is a real problem for many young people today. They have to consider many things: Where should I go to college? How will I pay for college?

What should I choose for my career? All of these questions are very stressful and can cause students to turn to unhealthy habits such as drugs and fountainhead ayn rand alcohol in order to cope. By adding a few extra months to the school year, students would have many more options and choices, and this would help to biometric phd thesis, decrease the stress that they face in fountainhead contest a 9 month school year. Nobody seems to have enough time available in order to thesis rei asuka, complete what they want to complete. Students have no time for family, friends, relaxing or perusing hobbies that they enjoy. Instead, they must concentrate on school and how to look impressive to colleges in order to obtain admissions and ayn rand scholarships. Even when young people do take some time to relax, adults often assume that we are ‘lazy young people’ who don’t know how to work hard! While some teenagers are lazy (just the same as there are lazy adults!), they also need to know that some relaxation is important for malayalam essay search physical and mental health.

While some people may think that this is achieved through a three month summer vacation, they should realize that most teenagers just take on jobs or internships to ayn rand institute, earn money instead of just relaxing… and before they know it, they are back in angel thesis rei asuka misato the stressful school environment. Being in school year round can help students prioritize their sanity by slowing down and taking things at a reasonable pace instead of contest ayn rand, squeezing everything into 9 months. With such high standards for young people today, isn’t it fair that they should have a few extra months a year in order to research paper assignment sheet, get everything done and, heaven forbid, have a bit of fun and relaxation? Having year round schooling will help students to work at a more leisurely pace to essay institute, complete their courses and prepare for college or the world of work. They will be able to research paper assignment sheet, learn about essay, things that interest them instead of just what they ‘should’ learn for college, and they will be able to have more time to essays on gangster, relax and learn how to prioritize their health and mental well being. Fountainhead. Having year round schooling will benefit students for years to come.

This essay takes a stance and offers explanation within a larger context of today’s society and culture. The essay demonstrates understanding of the phd thesis, complexities of the argument by taking many different perspectives into account without unnerving the argument made by fountainhead contest institute the writer. The development of the on gangster genre, essay is logical and essay institute fluid. The essay provides both general ideas and specific examples to support the assignment sheet, thesis. Some ideas are developed fully and critical conclusions are made. Transitions are well crafted and used appropriately. Language usage is generally clear, but there are some distracting mistakes with homonyms. Vocabulary is complex and correctly used. Good Luck ACT is the fountainhead essay contest ayn rand institute, free, complete guide to the ACT exam.

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