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Blueberries: Health benefits, facts, and research. Blueberries can be eaten freshly picked or incorporated into a variety of recipes. They can also be purchased frozen. They have been shown to protect against word on importance of being heart disease and cancer, and can also help maintain bone strength, mental health, and healthful blood pressure. Blueberries contain a plant compound called anthocyanin.
This gives blueberries both their blue color and many of their health benefits. Blueberries can help heart health, bone strength, skin health, blood pressure, diabetes management, cancer prevention, and someone to write mental health. One cup of blueberries provides 24 percent of a person recommended daily allowance of vitamin C. Use blueberries to top waffles, pancakes, yogurt, oatmeal, or cereal, blend them in a smoothie or syrup, or fold them into muffins and sweet breads. People who use blood-thinners, such as warfarin, should speak to 2000 word on importance of being on time, their doctor before increasing their intake of blueberries, as the high vitamin K content can affect blood clotting. Possible health benefits of blueberries. Essay. Blueberries are a nutritious, delicious berry that can be used in a variety of meals. A type of flavonoid called anthocyanin gives blueberries many of their health benefits. Flavonoids are plant compounds that often have a powerful antioxidant effect. Anthocyanin is 2000 word essay on time, responsible for the blueberry's characteristic blue color. It also contributes to the numerous advantages of blueberries. Consuming a variety of fruits and vegetables has long been associated with a reduced risk of many lifestyle-related health conditions.
Many studies have suggested that increasing consumption of plant foods such as blueberries decreases the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and overall mortality. Plant foods may also promote hair and skin health, increased energy, and overall lower weight. Essay. Freezing blueberries is often discussed by on time experts. It is often said that the freezing process can diminish the potency of the blueberry's health benefits. One study showed that over the course of 6 months in storage, the anthocyanin degraded by 59 percent. However, this is not confirmed, and different sources take different stances on whether freezing blueberries reduces their impact on health. When in doubt, buy fresh, organic blueberries. Although more research is needed, blueberries are strongly linked to various different elements of healthful living. Blueberries contain iron, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, and vitamin K. Each of phd thesis no results these is a component of bone. 2000 Word On Importance Of Being. Adequate intake of these minerals and vitamins contributes to building and essay maintaining bone structure and strength. Iron and zinc fulfil crucial roles in maintaining the strength and elasticity of bones and joints.
Low intakes of vitamin K have been linked to a higher risk of bone fracture. Word Essay On Importance On Time. However, adequate vitamin K intake improves calcium absorption and reader may reduce calcium loss. Collagen is the support system of the skin. It relies on vitamin C as an essential nutrient, and works to of being, help prevent skin damage caused by the sun, pollution, and smoke. Vitamin C may also improve collagen's ability to smooth wrinkles and find someone to write a book report for me? enhance overall skin texture. One cup of blueberries provides 24 percent of the recommended daily allowance of vitamin C. Maintaining low sodium levels is essential to 2000 essay on time, keeping blood pressure at a healthful level. Blueberries are free of sodium. Essay Reader. They contain potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Some studies have shown that diets low in 2000 essay on importance of being these minerals are associated with higher blood pressure. Adequate dietary intake of these minerals is thought to questions, help reduce blood pressure.
However, other studies have counteracted these findings. For example, a 2015 study of 2000 word people with metabolic syndrome found that daily blueberry consumption for application essay, 6 weeks did not affect blood pressure levels. Studies have found that people with type 1 diabetes who consume high-fiber diets have low blood glucose levels, and people with type 2 diabetes who consume the same may have improved blood sugar, lipid, and insulin levels. One cup of blueberries contributes 3.6 grams (g) of fiber. A large 2013 cohort study published in the BMJ suggested that certain fruits may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in adults. Over the course of the study, 6.5 percent of the participants developed diabetes. However, the researchers found that consuming three servings per week of blueberries, grapes, raisins, apples or pears reduced the risk of 2000 essay of being type 2 diabetes by 7 percent. Someone For Me?. 5) Protecting against heart disease. The fiber, potassium, folate, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and word essay on importance phytonutrient content in blueberries supports heart health.
The absence of cholesterol from blueberries is also beneficial to the heart. Essay Proof. Fiber content helps to reduce the total amount of cholesterol in word essay on time the blood and decrease the phd thesis with, risk of heart disease. Blueberries can help to preserve cardiovascular health. Vitamin B6 and folate prevent the essay on importance of being on time, buildup of a compound known as homocysteine. Excessive buildup of homocysteine in the body can damage blood vessels and no results lead to heart problems. According to a study from the Harvard School of Public Health and the University of 2000 of being on time East Anglia, in the United Kingdom (U.K.) regular consumption of anthocyanins can reduce the risk of heart attack by 32 percent in young and middle-aged women.
The study found that women who consumed at least three servings of blueberries or strawberries per week showed the best results. Vitamin C, vitamin A, and application essay the various phytonutrients in 2000 word essay on importance of being on time blueberries function as powerful antioxidants that may help protect cells against damage from disease-linked free radicals. Help. Research suggests that antioxidants may inhibit tumor growth, decrease inflammation in 2000 word essay of being on time the body, and help ward off or slow down esophageal, lung, mouth, pharynx, endometrial, pancreatic, prostate, and colon cancers. Blueberries also contain folate, which plays a role in DNA synthesis and repair. This can prevent the formation of cancer cells due to mutations in the DNA. Find A Book Report For Me?. Population-based studies have shown that consumption of blueberries is connected to slower cognitive decline in older women. Studies have also found that in addition to reducing the risk of cognitive damage, blueberries can also improve a person's short-term memory and motor coordination. 8) Healthy digestion, weight loss, and feeling full. Blueberries help to 2000 essay of being, prevent constipation and maintain regularity for a healthful digestive tract because of their fiber content. Dietary fiber is also commonly recognized as an important factor in weight loss and weight management by functioning as a bulking agent in the digestive system.
High fiber foods increase satiety, or the feeling of being full, and reduce appetite. Feeling fuller for longer can reduce a person's overall calorie intake. Nutritional breakdown of blueberries. One cup of fresh blueberries contains: That same one-cup serving provides: 24 percent of daily vitamin C 5 percent of daily vitamin B6 36 percent of daily vitamin K. Blueberries also provide: 9 milligrams (mg) calcium 0.41 mg of iron 114 mg of potassium 9 mg of magnesium 18 mg of mba essay questions phosphorus 1 mg of sodium 0.24 mg of zinc 9 mg of folate. Blueberries also contain copper, beta-carotene, folate, choline, vitamins A and E, and manganese. As well as anthocyanins, vitamins, and minerals, blueberries contain a diverse range of phenolic compounds such as quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, and chlorogenic acid. 2000 Word Essay Of Being On Time. These contribute to the antioxidant capacity of blueberries. The large quantities of bioactive compounds place blueberries high on the Aggregate Nutrient Density Index (ANDI). This index rates foods based on their vitamin and mineral content, phytochemical composition, and antioxidant capacity. Can I. Foods with the most nutrients per calorie have the highest rankings, and blueberries are placed among the top fruits and vegetables for nutrient density, with an ANDI score of 132. ANDI is one of 2000 word of being several rating systems for food nutrition, but further research is needed to determine the role of specific foods in disease prevention.
Incorporating more blueberries into the diet. Blueberries are available fresh, frozen, freeze dried, and in jellies, syrups, and jams. Be sure to check the label of frozen and dried blueberries for added sugars. When selecting jellies or jams, choose all-fruit spreads without added sweeteners, juices, or fillers. Blueberries can be made into a smoothie or used as a topping on a range of different meal and snack options.
Here are some quick tips on including blueberries in meal options: Use blueberries as fresh toppings on oatmeal, waffles, pancakes, yogurt, or cereal for essay reader, an extra burst of essay on time flavor and nutrition in your breakfast. Whip up a quick and easy smoothie using frozen berries, low-fat milk, and mba essay questions yogurt. 2000 Word On Importance Of Being On Time. Mix fresh or dried blueberries into a spinach salad with walnuts and feta cheese. Fold blueberries into muffins and sweet breads. Blend them in a food processor with a little water, as part of a fresh syrup to top desserts or breakfast foods. You may want to try these healthful and simple recipes: People who are taking blood-thinners, such as warfarin, must not suddenly change their intake of blueberries or other sources of vitamin K. Vitamin K plays a key role in blood clotting, and it could affect the phd thesis, blood-thinning action of the drug. The overall diet is more important than any single food in preventing disease and achieving good health. It is better to eat a varied diet as the key to 2000 word, healthful living, rather than to no results, concentrate on individual foods. Word. Article last updated by Adam Felman on scholarship application Tue 5 September 2017. Cassidy, A., Mukamal, K. J., Liu, L., Franz, M., Eliassen, A. H., Rimm, E. B. (2013, January 15).
A high anthocyanin intake is associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction in young and middle-aged women. Circulation, 127 (2), 188-196. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3762447/ Devore, E. E., Kang, J. H., Breteler, M. M. B., Grodstein, F. (2012, July). Dietary intake of berries and flavonoids in relation to cognitive decline. On Importance Of Being On Time. Annals of Neurology, 72 (1), 135-143. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3582325/ Do blueberries still provide strong antioxidant support after they have been frozen? (n.d.).
Retrieved from http://whfoods.org/genpage.php?tname=dailytipdbid=327utm. Houston, M. Harper, K. (2008, July). Postassium, magnesium, and calcium: Their role in both the cause and treatment of hypertension. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 10 (7), 3-11. Retrieved from help argumentative http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1751-7176.2008.08575.x/full.
Muraki, I., Imamura, F., Manson, J. E., Hu, F. B., Willett, W. C., van Dam, R. M., Sun, Q. (2013, August 29). Fruit consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: Results from three prospective longitudinal cohort studies. BMJ, 347 , f5001. Retrieved from http://www.bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bmj.f5001. Palacios, C. (2006). The role of nutrients in bone health [Abstract]. 2000 On Importance Of Being On Time. Critical Reviews in Food Science and help writing argumentative essay Nutrition, 46 (8), 621-628. Word. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17092827. Pandey, K. B. Rizvi, S. I. With No Results. (2009, November – December). Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease.
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2 (5), 270-278. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2835915/ Pearson, D. Word Essay On Importance Of Being. A. (2007, October). Bone health and osteoporosis: The role of vitamin K and goldwater potential antagonism by anticoagulants [Abstract]. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 22 (5), 517-544. Retrieved from word on importance of being on time https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17906277. Phd Thesis With. Stull, A. J., Cash, K. C., Champagne, C. M., Gupta, A. K., Boston, R., Beyl, R. On Importance. A., … Cefalu, W. R. (2015, June). Blueberries improve endothelial function, but not blood pressure, in essay proof adults with metabolic syndrome: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Nutrients, 7 (6), 4107-4123.
Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4488775/ Subash, S., Essa, M. M., Al-Adawi, S., Memon, M. A., Manivasagam, T., Akbar, M. (2014, August). Neuroprotective effects of berry fruits on neurodegenerative diseases. Neural Regeneration Research, 9 (16), 1557-1566. 2000 Essay. Retrieved from essay proof reader https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4192974/ Skrovankova, S., Sumczynksi, D., Micek, J., Jurikova, T., Sochor, J. (2015, October). Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity in different types of word essay on time berries.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16 (10), 24673-24706. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4632771/ Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: Megan Ware RDN LD. With. Blueberries: Health benefits, facts, and research. Medical News Today . MediLexicon, Intl., 5 Sep. 2017. Web.
4 Oct. 2017. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/287710.php Megan Ware RDN LD. (2017, September 5). Blueberries: Health benefits, facts, and research. Medical News Today . Word. Retrieved from. With. Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead. which type of foods,fruits ,vegetables should one eat and can avoid high blood presure? Personally I believe blueberries give back amazing results in health benefits the are hard to compete with. They truly are the gem of fruits. Thank you for all this information, I was feeling dizzy and 2000 word essay on importance on time light headedness. My blood pressure was low after Zumba. As soon as the dizziness went away, I experienced actotionness. I'm on goldwater Xanax 1mg three times a day.
Thank you again. 2000 Word Essay On Time. Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK. 2004-2017 All rights reserved. MNT is the essay, registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and essay on time you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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Oil price fluctuations and their impact on BRIC countries. Bachelor Thesis, 2013. 60 Pages, Grade: 2. List of abbreviations. Table of figures. 2 Overview of Emerging Markets. 2.1 What is an Emerging Market? 2.2 Emerging Markets vs.
Developed Countries. 3 The BRIC Nation. 3.1.1 Economic Growth and Development of BRICs. 3.1.2 BRICs and Growing Middle Class. 3.1.3 BRICs and Global Autos Markets. 3.1.4 BRICs and Global Capital Markets. 3.1.5 BRICs and Global Energy Markets. 3.2 BRIC as a political club.
4 BRIC and the Crude Oil Market. 4.5 MSCI Indices and word essay on importance the Sharpe Ratio. 5 BRIC and Crude oil price fluctuations. 5.1 Oil price determinants and the oil shock of essay 2007-2008. 5.1.1 Demand Factors. 5.1.3 Market Power. 5.1.4 Investor Behaviour. 5.2 The 2000s shock. 5.3 Impact of oil price fluctuations on stock returns in BRICs. 5.4 Risk measures.
5.4.2 Value at 2000 word essay of being, Risk (VaR) 5.4.3 Maximum Drawdown. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 1: Annual GDP Growth Rate in % for BRIC and G6 countries. Figure 2: World’s Middle Class. Figure 3: China’s crude oil imports by source, 2011. Figure 4: Histogram for MSCI Indices. Figure 5: Movement of WTI average spot crude oil price and demand of developed countries,2002-2012.
Figure 6: Crude Oil Spot Prices for WTI in USD per barrel. Figure 7: Market Price of PetroChina, Lukoil, Petrobras and ONGC from 2002-2012. Table 1: Economic Indicators for Brazil. Table 2: Economic Indicators for Russia. Table 3: Economic Indicators for goldwater scholarship application, India. Table 4: Economic Indicators for word on importance, China. Table 5: Returns and Volatility for MSCI Indices.
Table 6: Sharpe Ratio (SR) for MSCI Indices. Table 7: Summary of Statistics. Table 8: Volatility. Table 9: Value at Risk. Table 10: Maximum Drawdown. The last decade was marked by the global financial crisis, the biggest recession since World War II, which led to turmoil on financial markets, bankruptcies of investment banks and slow growth in nearly all developed countries.
With only an average annual growth rate of 1.5% since 2010 1 the biggest developed economies recovered only moderately from the crisis. Back in scholarship application essay 2001 Jim O’Neill had already realized it was time to focus on new countries. In his opinion the four largest fast growing emerging economies were Brazil, Russia, China and word essay of being on time India. Thus he created the acronym BRIC which symbolizes a power shift from developed countries to developing ones. In 2010, the year after the questions, crisis their annual growth rate was about 8.2% 2 compared to the weak 2.7% of 2000 word on importance developed countries. This goes along with forecasts that sug- gested a rise in mba essay questions capital, automotive and oil market leading each of the BRICs to overtake the major developed countries.
Among these the most important market seems to be the oil market and more specifically the crude oil market. Crude oil has a share of 34% 3 of the world’s primary energy consumption and is likely to remain the same for many more decades. BRIC countries are large oil con- sumers and since 2011 have surpassed the United States (US) in 2000 essay of being on time oil consumption. Their strong representation in the crude oil market justifies a further analysis on each country’s status. Ac- cording to Hamilton (2009) the crude oil price development was strongly correlated to the financial meltdown. Thus, understanding the impact of goldwater scholarship essay oil price fluctuations can create a path towards a sustainable future growth The target of this paper is to examine O’Neill’s growing theory by investigating the crude oil market for Brazil, Russia, India and China. Furthermore analysing the effect of oil price fluc- tuations on each country’s financial market completes the assumptions in a quantitative man- ner. The first part is a short introduction to 2000 word on importance future predictions in order to understand the power of BRICs. The second part shows the vital status of oil for each BRIC country in conjunction with some economical background. Gear. A spotlight is put on the financial crisis years because they act just like an examination for the resistance of these countries against turmoil. Fur-thermore, the theory is tested using a Sharpe Ratio for the equity market performance.
The last part deals more precisely with the latest oil price shock. Analysis of an existing research paper gives further information on how each equity market behaved during bullish and bear- ish markets. As this study only comprises years up to 2007, a more precise quantitative re- search is added that includes years of the shock and years in the aftermath of the 2000 word essay of being, shock. Thus, the application essay, periods of 2002-2007 and essay on importance of being on time 2002-2012 are compared using several risk measures for stocks of oil leading companies. Finally, the conclusion summarizes the qualitative and can i find to write a book report for me? quantitative findings. The research material is derived from journals, articles and 2000 essay of being on time internet sources from economic organizations. The term “ Emerging Country ” or “ Emerging Market ” was coined by help writing argumentative, a World Bank econo- mist in the 1980s expressed as a country to be temporary in a phase between developing and 2000 word on importance of being on time developed status.
Fifty years later the scholarship application, definition emerging market has been extended in many ways from 2000 essay on importance on time, political to financial ones. For example, an gear investor would describe it as a country, in which an investment would achieve higher returns but is affiliated to greater risk. Essay On Importance Of Being On Time. 4 A more generic expression would be that emerging countries are characterized by rapid growth and an industrialization process, which transforms a civilization from an agrarian society into mba essay an in- dustrial one. However, a practical definition for an emerging economy was suggested by a French economics professor, Julien Vercueil, who gave the essay on importance of being, term the phd thesis with no results, following characteris- tics. 5. Intermediate income: A country’s purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita income lies between 10% and 75% of the average European Union (EU) per capita income.
Catching up growth: A country has experienced a vigorous economic growth during at 2000 essay of being, least the last decade and having the effect of diminishing the questions, gap to more advanced economies. Institutional transformations and economic opening: An institutional transformation has taken place during the last decade as well, which integrated a country more deeply into the world economy. Word Of Being. Furthermore, open door policies provide a basis for marketoriented globalization. Although there is no standard list of emerging countries, the most commonly used come from investment information sources such as the Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) Emerging Market Index, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and ISI Emerging Markets. Essay. However, the MSCI Emerging Market Index represents a combined stock performance of the 2000 word of being, following 23 emerging market country indices: Brazil, Chile, China, Columbia, Czech Repub- lic, Egypt, Greece (reclassified from developed market since 2013), Hungary, India, Indone- sia, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Qatar, Russia, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and United Arab Emirates. 6 In addition, IMF considers smaller economies like Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Pakistan, Romania and Venezuela of reader being emerging markets as well. 7. 2.2 Emerging Markets vs. Developed Countries.
An export-driven strategy makes an word essay of being emerging country stand out from a developed country as domestic demand in emerging countries is low or does not even exist. Hence, the production of goldwater application essay lower-cost consumer goods and commodities for essay on importance on time, their industrialized counterparts leads to writing argumentative essay higher profits for these companies. Furthermore, higher revenues lead to 2000 essay on time higher stock prices making them more attractive to investors. 8. While the reader, US, Japan and Europe are faced with a prolonged period of slow growth caused by several crises in the last decade, the performance of essay on importance of being emerging countries outgrows. Mba Essay Questions. In 2009 when the crisis hit the whole world the gross domestic product (GDP) of 2000 word of being developed countries dipped by 3.4%. Whilst in contrast GDP of emerging countries still registered a 2.6% growth, mainly caused by developing Asia. In particular China and India boosted the world economy while other economies, developed and developing ones, languished at lower levels. Since 2010, both countries continued rising by an average annual rate of 9.1% and 7.1% respec- tively. 9.
Previously in 2001, chief economist of Goldman Sachs, Jim O’Neill, had in mind grouping China and writing argumentative essay India together with Brazil and Russia. As these countries deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development, he created with its initials the term BRIC. Jim O’Neill firstly coined the essay of being on time, term BRIC in his work “ Building Better Global Economic BRICs ” , published in help essay the Global Economic Paper for Goldman Sachs in 2001. He used it as an 2000 essay of being acronym for four rapidly growing developing countries, namely Brazil, Russia, India and China. Furthermore, BRIC is a symbol of the shift in global economic power away from the US, Japan, Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom (G6) towards the developing world. Goldwater Essay. In general BRICs turned out to be a pillar of stability, which captures attention of word on importance of being scholars, managers, investors and traders. However, what highlights these four countries from other encouraging emerging markets are their demographic and economic potential, which even diversified among them, makes them the main contributors to the world’s economic growth. Nevertheless, according to Goldman Sachs, BRIC countries will overtake the G6 by 2032 in US Dollar (USD) terms. India’s econ- omy is argumentative essay expected to overtake Japan’s by 2028 and China’s that of the US by 2026. 10 Further- more, by 2050 BRICs will have reached 40% of global GDP (PPP weighted).
11. These projections are optimistic as the BRICs show reasonably successful development. In the article “ The BRICs and Global Markets: Crude, Cars and Capital ” 12 five main topics were listed with each one of them explaining why the BRICs will be the most influential countries. As these ideas came from 2004, the topics were adopted with latest possible data and forecasts. 3.1.1 Economic Growth and Development of BRICs. Currently the BRIC countries encompass a quarter of the world’s land and word on importance on time about 42% of the world’s population.
Moreover, IMF cited that GDP (based on accountability, PPP) of BRICs was 22 trillion USD in 2000 word of being on time 2012, which accounted for 26.4% of the world’s total GDP. Proof. 13. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Source: Own figure based on essay of being, data from World Bank: GDP Growth (annual %) [online] Looking at the development of the BRICs and comparing them with the world’s leading G6 it is anderson mba essay questions obvious that since 2001 both groups have been moving parallel but with the difference that BRICs show a sharper GDP increase than the G6 countries. However, between 2001 and 2007 there was a steady increase in GDP growth for BRICs, hitting a peak of 9.7% in 2007. Al- though the financial crisis had caused a steep fall for the G6 in word on importance 2009, BRICs still grew by anderson, an annual rate of 2.4%. In 2010 a sharp rise of 8.2% occurred for 2000 on importance, the BRICs but only help a 2.7% for the G6. Since 2011 both growth rates are gradually declining, though the essay on importance of being, margin between BRICs and G6 is still significantly big. 3.1.2 BRICs and Growing Middle Class. The Middle Class includes those with income between 6,000 USD and anderson mba essay questions 30,000 USD 14 per capita and per year 15 and is considered to be an engine for word essay on time, growth and the source of demand.
Thus growth in BRICs middle class will strengthen the domestic market of each country and drive global consumption in the meanwhile stagnating world. Although inequality has been rising within countries, there is a convergence and narrowing of inequality across the world. Therefore, the cross country distribution is likely to move from a twin-peaked distribution, centring countries on high and low GDP per capita, to a more single peaked one by 2050. Anderson Mba Essay. The peak will move on the upper band of the middle class. 16 While China is now considered to be the main driver for 2000 word, this trend India will push this ladder in the next decade. Phd Thesis. Thus, incomes for both countries are projected to be close to global average. Figure 2: World’s Middle Class. Abbildung in of being on time dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Source: Wilson D., Dragusanu R. (2008), pp.5-6 [online] Currently 29% of the world population can be said belongs in the middle class, whereas this figure will soar to help argumentative 57% by 2050. Essay On Importance On Time. 17 Afterwards share of the middle class on population will fall as that share of the middle class will shift towards the higher income class.
Nevertheless, it has to be noticed that despite BRICs high growth rate and argumentative essay great future projections, income per capita is more likely to remain far below the level of the richest economies. Thus a high contribution rate on global growth of BRICs is word on time faced with a lower income per capita compared to phd thesis with G6 countries. 3.1.3 BRICs and Global Autos Markets. While the financial crisis made the developed world’s automotive industry struggle with dramatic revenue and 2000 essay on importance of being on time sale falls, markets in the BRIC countries were less and differently affected. Gear Essay. Total sales in 2009 in China, India and Brazil significantly grew by 31%, 12% and 10% respectively. On Importance On Time. Only Russia’s total sale fell back by 102%. 18 As a consequence, the increase in demand of China and India brought as well a rise in demand for oil. Nevertheless, according to Boston Consulting Group BRICs will account for 30% of the phd thesis with, world’s automotive sales in 2014 19 and in addition to the automotive industry this provides opportunities for cost effective research and development, sourcing and manufacturing.
Moreover, Dargay et al. (2010) supports this growing market with a quantitative oriented study and shows the development and 2000 on importance of being on time change in vehicle ownership for 45 countries from 1960 to 2030. Scholarship Application. As a result it can be seen that higher growth rate in vehicle ownership applies to China (10.6%), India (7.0%) and Brazil (4.1%) 20 , which is caused by the increasing demand, as a consequence of the expanding middle class. Together with other emerging markets their share of the world vehicles will more than double, from 24% in 2002 to 56% in 2030. 21. 3.1.4 BRICs and Global Capital Markets. In general capital markets provide medium to long-term (more than a year) financing by on time, pro- viding the possibility of trade with securities such as bonds, shares and other derivates. 22 Within the BRIC nations capital markets vary. China and India have relatively closed and state controlled capital markets, whereas Russia and Brazil show an find open and low state con- trolled capital market. In terms of market capitalization (market cap), which represents the market value of out- standing equities of firms quoted on stock markets 23 , BRIC countries market cap fivefold from 1.4 trillion USD in 2003 to 7 trillion USD in 2012. 24 Furthermore, based on the forecasts for future annual GDP growth rates, Goldman Sachs created three scenarios of how BRICs weight in global market cap might develop by essay of being, 2050. Depending on whether capital markets stay the same or switch to goldwater application essay a more bank based model or a more market based model 25 , they can reach a share of 2000 essay on time global market cap of 22%, 39% or even 46%.
26 It has to be stressed out that a market based model in help argumentative the case of word BRICs show better figures than the can i find someone a book report, bank based one. Even if this is the case, both models have their reasonable advantages and disadvantages. 27. 3.1.5 BRICs and Global Energy Markets. Energy markets are commodity markets, which deal with trade and 2000 word essay on time supply of electricity, natu- ral gas and oil. Questions. As BRIC countries are in several stages of industrialization they have caused high contribution to global energy demand, especially in essay of being on time crude oil. Whilst crude oil consump- tion of G6 countries dropped by 10% between 2002 and 2012, each of the goldwater, BRIC countries increased their consumption sharply.
Especially China and India, with a rise of 49% and 34% respectively, drove the world’s crude oil consumption. 28 Furthermore, China is the 2000 on time, second largest consumer of argumentative essay crude oil after the US. On the word on importance, production side Russia has increased its production in crude oil by 27% since 2002 making it the second largest crude oil producer after Saudi Arabia. Because crude oil has a share of 34% 29 of the help writing essay, world’s primary energy con- sumption and is a critical factor for economies, the following chapters will deal with crude oil markets from the BRIC countries. As suggested by Jim O’Neill these five factors will be the driving force for 2000 word on importance, the shift of power from developed to developing countries. In order to questions achieve these forecasts a further step was taken and BRIC as a political club was founded. In order to 2000 word essay on importance of being on time improve the global economic situation, to reform financial institutions and to strengthen the co-operation of the gear essay, four countries, BRIC leaders founded BRIC as a political organization.
The first summit was held in Yekaterinburg in 2009. The next step was taken in 2010 when China’s representative welcomed South Africa to 2000 of being on time join the scholarship application essay, BRICs and changed the term into BRICS. South Africa is of being considered to be a gateway to the African continent and the largest trading partner of essay China. Likewise India is on importance of being constantly increasing activities with South Africa. South Africa became a member of the BRICs even though it was dismissed by Jim O’Neill on the grounds that it is a small economy and it has a small share and gear accountability essay impact on the world’s global economy. 30 Thus, South Africa is not included in the analysis because it only joined the BRICs in 2010.
The following pages deal with each country’s economic profile and their relevance in the oil market. Until now only a short introduction has been given about the impact BRICs will have on the world’s economy and how this might change. In order to support these projections each coun- try’s economy with its strengths and weaknesses has to be stressed out. Also the global finan- cial crisis has to be included in order to understand each countries growth potential because global financial instability is still in 2000 of being on time sight. Accountability. Furthermore, the focus will be on of being on time, the crude oil market as crude oil is a vital source of phd thesis energy and word essay on time is likely to remain the same for many more decades.
Thus, of greater interest is the crude oil market within the gear accountability essay, BRICs and 2000 word of being each country’s policy to strengthen its position in no results the market. Moreover, the word of being on time, division of the BRICs into crude oil exporters and crude oil importers is enthralling when looking at consequences caused by the crisis. GDP growth as annual percentage. 31. Inflation consumer prices (CPI) as annual percentage. Help Argumentative. 32. The official exchange rate of the local currency in 2000 word essay on importance relation to the USD as the can i find to write a book, period average. 2000 Word Essay On Importance Of Being On Time. 33.
Table 1: Economic Indicators for Brazil. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Brazil’s economy is based on three main pillars, namely a floating exchange rate, an anderson mba essay questions inflationtargeting regime and a tight fiscal policy. 34 While other big economies were struggling during the great recession with dramatic declines in word on time economic growth, the someone for me?, combination of 2000 on importance of being on time these three regimes saved the country with a contraction of 0.3%. Since 2012 Brazil has again showed a weak domestic and global economic performance with a growth of only scholarship application 1%. Hence, to increase international trade and become more competitive the 2000 essay of being, Brazilian government is letting its currency, the Real, to depreciate. 35 Nevertheless, Brazil’s biggest problem still remains the high corporate tax (34%) that slows down capital inflow. Besides their well developed agricultural, manufacturing, mining and service sectors Brazil possess a huge oil sector with a daily production of 2.15 million barrels (2012). The long term goal of the Brazilian government is to increase domestic oil production as domestic demand is constantly growing and anderson refineries are operating at essay, full capacity. 36 According to find to write a book BP, Brazil has 15.3 billion barrels of proven oil reserves and is producing mainly heavy graded oil 37 , which is 2000 word essay of being on time sold at accountability essay, a lower price than light graded oil.
38. In 2007 Brazil was announced as being a net exporter and domestically self-sufficient, al- though still importing expensive light crude oil from the on importance, Middle East making it more vulner- able to unfavourable crude oil price fluctuations. However, import of light crude oil is neces- sary as less costly refining processes can be achieved for the production of heavy crude oil. A recent discovery of goldwater scholarship essay large pre-salt fields 39 could break the dependency from the 2000 word on importance, Middle East as it consists of someone to write report for me? sweet and light recoverable oil, which is the most valuable quality of oil. Though no confirmation has been made yet, the estimation for the whole pre-salt field ranges between 30 billion and 100 billion barrels of oil equivalent. 40 The first company to utilize parts of these pre-salt fields is Petrobras, one of Brazil’s leading oil companies. 41. Nevertheless, the location of the crude oil is in deep waters and under huge salt layers which gives space for 2000 on importance of being, newer technologies and processes. These new challenges already attracted companies like Siemens, IBM, GE, ABB, which are building research and development cen- tres in Brazil. Also, Petrobras switched its internationally oriented strategy to a domestically one and expects to create one thousand hundred new jobs in order to carry out gear accountability essay, its huge in- vestment plans.
42 For the next decade total investments of $330 billion USD are expected. 43. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Unlike Brazil, Russia suffered from high inflation rates in the last decade. The main reason was a relaxation in monetary and fiscal policy of previous years, which furthermore caused a sharp increase in inflation by 2000 essay on importance of being on time, 14.1% in 2008. Besides, a 29% increase in general imports dur- ing the spike in food prices and the increase in oil prices made the country vulnerable to the crisis.
44 As a consequence economic growth felt dramatically by 7.8% hitting Russia harder than any other BRIC country. Several fiscal and monetary policies were suggested to get out of the crisis, like those from Kudrin (2009). 45 Russian’s government chose to devaluate its currency, the Rubble, in favour of the country’s competiveness. Indeed, since the invention of the accountability, depreciation policy annual GDP growth recovered by up to 4.5% and inflation showed significantly lower levels. In particular, consumption was the main driver for recovery rather than investments as investors were aware of the heavy crisis impacts. In conclusion, Russian’s economy is word less diversified than its BRIC counterparts and is highly dependent on natural resources like oil. 1 Average growth rate of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and United States derived from World Bank, GDP Growth (annual %) [online] 2 Average growth rate of phd thesis with Brazil, Russia, India and China derived from World Bank, GDP Growth (annual %) [online] 3 Vgl. Word Of Being On Time. Deutsche Rohstoffagentur: Reserven, Ressourcen und Verfugbarkeit von Energierohstoffen 2011, p.18 [online] 4 Vgl.
Financial Times Lexicon, Emerging Markets [online] 5 Vgl. Vercueil, J. 2012, p 232. 6 Vgl. MSCI, MSCI Emerging Market Indices [online] 7 Vgl. International Monetary Fund: World Economic Outlook Update, p.3 [online]
8 Vgl. No Results. U.S. Economy: What are Emerging Markets? [online] 9 Mean of 2010-2012 from World Bank: GDP Growth (annual %) [online] 10 Vgl. Wilson et al. (2011), p.3 [online] 11 Vgl. Wilson et al. (2011), p.8 [online] 12 Vgl. Wilson et al. (2004) 13 Vgl.
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database April [online] 14 in 2007 PPP terms. 15 Vgl. Wilson, D./ Dragusanu, R. (2008), p.7 [online] 16 Vgl.
Wilson et al. (2011), p. 10 [online] 17 Vgl. Wilson, D./ Dragusanu, R. (2008), p.4 [online] 18 Vgl. OICA: World Sales - All Vehicles [online] 19 Vgl. The Boston Consulting Group: Winning the BRIC Auto Market, p.4 [online] 20 Vgl. Dargay et al. (2007), p.18 [online] 21 Vgl.
Dargay et al. (2007), p. 19 [online] 22 Vgl. Financial Times Lexicon, Capital Markets [online] 23 Vgl. Investopedia, Market Capitalization [online] 24 Vgl. World Bank, Market Capitalization of 2000 word on importance of being Listed Companies [online]
25 This model refers to corporate governance which focuses on shareholders rather than stakeholders. 26 Vgl. Goldman Sachs: BRICs and anderson Beyond, p.232 [online] 27 Ross Levine (2002) shows the relevance of both models in his working paper [online] 28 Vgl. Of Being On Time. BP: BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013, p.9 [online] 29 Vgl. Gear Accountability Essay. Deutsche Rohstoffagentur: Reserven, Ressourcen und Verfugbarkeit von Energierohstoffen 2011, p.18 [online] 30 Vgl.
Globalpost: South Africa to be a BRIC [online] 31 Vgl. World Bank, GDP Growth (annual %) [online] 32 Vgl. World Bank, Inflation, Consumer Prices [online] 33 Vgl. World Bank, Official Exchange Rate [online]
34 Vgl. Araujo et al. (2012) p.93 [online] 35 Vgl. Financial Times: Brasilia cheers the real’s decline [online] 36 Vgl. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Brazil [online] 37 “Heavy” or “light” refers to density or specific gravity of oil and further determines the price of the oil. Thus, the higher the density and lower the gravity the heavier the oil and hence the cheaper the price for the oil. 38 Vgl.
BP: BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013, p.6 [online] 39 Oil reserves, which are located very deep under thick layers of rock and salt. 40 Vgl. Offshore Center Denmark: Overview of the Brazilian Oil and Gas Industry, p.12 [online] 41 Vgl. BBC News (2007): Brazil announces new oil reserves [online]
42 Vgl. U.S. 2000 Of Being. Energy Information Administration, Brazil [online] 43 Vgl. Application. Portal Brazil, Strategic sectors [online] 44 Vgl. Kudrin, A. (2009), p.13. 45 Vgl. Word Essay On Importance Of Being On Time. Kudrin, A. (2009), p.23ff. Research Paper (postgraduate), 11Pages.
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A Good Start: Ethics for Entrepreneurs. New ventures can make ethics part of on importance, their business plan. The entrepreneur has so many things on his or her mind: the value proposition, the can i to write a book report, features of the product or service, financing, technology, building the team, getting the phones installed, just surviving from month to month. What role can and does ethics play in the critical first months and years of a company's existence? What can the entrepreneurial team do to essay on importance of being, give ethics a role in the start-up? The study of how ethics works in companies known as organizational ethics has unfortunately focused primarily on larger enterprises. Starting in the mid-1980s, many larger companies established ethics programs staffed by ethics officers. These officers have encouraged others to study how they operate and to measure the effects of their programs. Essay. Those who study organizational ethics, fortunately, have been just as interested in how other enterprises those without formal ethics programs succeed in making their companies ethical and value-centered. 2000 Essay Of Being On Time. These insights help us examine how start-ups deal with ethics.
It is obvious the start-up company is unlikely to establish a formal ethics program or appoint an ethics officer, though some start-up CEOs proudly declare that they are the new ventures ethics officer. Even without a formal program, however, start-ups can create and many have created a very effective commitment to ethical practice. Examination of the goldwater application essay, best practices of 2000 on importance, these start-ups reveals several key steps new ventures can take to make ethics a distinguishing mark of the start-up's culture: 1. Ethical start-ups recognize the ethical dilemmas that surround them in the first few months. The pressures to cut ethical corners are great in phd thesis with, a start-up. How much puffery do you use in presenting your idea to venture capitalists? How do you divide stock ownership and options fairly among the founding team and 2000 on importance of being, later hires? How reliable does a product have to be before you ship it? How creative can you be in your accounting when the value of your stock is so sensitive to questions, a stumble? When a deal falls through, how quickly do you tell your board and your funders? How generous can you afford to be in employee benefits in the early days?
2. Ethical start-ups make ethics a core value of the enterprise. 2000 Word On Importance. Start-up founders have discovered that they must explicitly embrace doing business ethically to goldwater scholarship application essay, counter the temptations to fudge various standards. Ethics should appear in business plans, in essay on importance of being, company mission statements, and in all other company documents. 3. The ethical entrepreneur finds early opportunities to with, make his or her ethical commitment real. 2000 On Time. A Silicon Valley entrepreneur who took over a months-old company recently refused to send faulty financial data to the venture capitalists, over the objections of his new team.
You just don't do business that way, reflects the entrepreneur, who enjoys both financial success and a superb reputation today. He communicated clearly from that day the ethical standards he and the company would follow. 4. The ethical entrepreneur anticipates the ethical tensions in day-to-day decisions. As business plans are written and product capabilities are described, the ethical tension between the argumentative, truthful and the hopeful is inevitable. As a start-up tries to attract top talent, there is an essay on importance on time unavoidable ethical tension in determining how rosy a picture to draw for the prospect. The ethically thoughtful entrepreneur anticipates these tensions and talks about them with the team before the situations are confronted. In later years of a company's life, this practice will become more formal ethics training. 5. The ethical entrepreneur welcomes ethical questions and debates. Some situations cannot be anticipated, and the ethical entrepreneur must always keep an open door so that new ethical issues can be worked out. Even the willingness to mba essay, take time to discuss and resolve tough ethical dilemmas gives the signal that ethics is important in the start-up. Word On Importance. 6. The ethical entrepreneur is watchful about conflicts of interest.
It is questions, hard to single out one area of particular ethical concern in start-ups because there are so many of importance. Word Essay Of Being. However, the world of high-tech start-ups emphasizes partnerships, strategic alliances, and virtual relationships. These arrangements are rife with opportunities for conflicts of interest where an entrepreneur or start-up employee can line his or her own pockets to the detriment of the organization. Report For Me?. An early and 2000 essay of being, consistent stand against questionable conflicts of interest is an important dimension of a start-up ethics effort. 7. The ethical entrepreneur talks about the ethical values all the time. Goldwater Scholarship Essay. The frantic pace of start-ups and their rapid growth create short memories and a staff that is often very new to the enterprise. Only by continually articulating the ethical commitment can the word essay on importance on time, entrepreneur be sure the members of the organization particularly new hires understand the ethical commitment and know it is real.
8. The ethical entrepreneur weeds out employees who do not embrace the ethical values of the company. Hiring is among the most important strategic steps a start-up takes. Inevitably, the venture will hire some individuals who believe financial success, perhaps just personal financial success, is the anderson questions, only value. The ethical entrepreneur is on the lookout for teammates who do not share the word essay of being on time, company's values and weeds them out before they can do damage to scholarship application, the reputation or culture of the firm. 9. The ethical entrepreneur looks for opportunities to engage the company in the community. The start-ups preoccupation with meeting product and financial goals and with its own growth can lead to blindness about anything other than personal gain. 2000 Word. Ethical entrepreneurs find ways to engage the team in community service and to emphasize the help writing argumentative essay, continuing importance of the teams family relationships. 10.
The ethical entrepreneur takes stock occasionally. Just as the entrepreneur must keep an eye on the start-up's cash flow and produce a balance sheet periodically, so he or she must also take stock of the company's commitment to its ethics and other values. 11. The ethical entrepreneur renews the commitment to ethical behavior. Companies change as they grow. The most pressing ethical dilemmas of a $10 million or $100 million company differ from those of 2000 word of being, a fledgling start-up. Ethical values and phd thesis no results, the commitment to ethical behavior must be recast and re-communicated periodically, preparing the company and 2000 word on importance on time, its employees to can i, deal with the ethical dilemmas currently faced. The rewards of being an ethical start-up are many.
Personal and team satisfaction is the most prominent. Workers who feel free to act ethically and to deal with others ethically feel better about themselves. Greater personal satisfaction translates into higher productivity and to word on importance of being on time, lower turnover. For the individual entrepreneur, a reputation for ethical dealing can increase the can i someone to write a book report for me?, opportunities for business partnerships and lower the transaction costs of managing an ongoing relationship. The ability to 2000 essay of being on time, trust the other party and to do business on a handshake speeds up the progress we can make, commented one entrepreneur. A reputation for ethical dealing can make it much easier to attract employees and financing to the current venture or the next.
Alexander, Meredith. Gear. Do You Need an Ethics Officer? The Standard, July 3, 2000. Essay On Importance Of Being On Time. Global Business Responsibility Resource Center, www.bsr.org/resourcecenter/. Help Essay. Ethics Resource Center, www.ethics.org. Hanson, Kirk O. Implementing Ethics Strategies in Organizations (Monograph). Society of 2000 word of being, Management Accountants of Canada, 1998. Nichols, Nancy A. Profits with a Purpose: An Interview with Tom Chapman. (founder of Toms of anderson mba essay questions, Maine, Inc.) Harvard Business Review (November-December 1992). 2000 Word Essay On Importance Of Being. Paine, Lynn S. Managing for Organizational Integrity. Harvard Business Review (March-April 1994). Woodstock Theological Center.
Creating and Maintaining an essay proof reader Ethical Corporate Culture (Monograph). Georgetown University Press, 1990. Kirk O. 2000. Hanson has been appointed executive director of the Markkula Center for anderson questions, Applied Ethics; he assumes that post in August 2001. Currently, he is the director of the word of being on time, Sloan Program at Stanford University Graduate School of Business. This article was originally published in Issues in Ethics - V. 12, N. 1 Spring 2001. Trust Project Receives Funding to Develop Trust in Media. The Knight Foundation has provided $100,000 of funding to the Ethics Center.
Ethical Dilemmas in Political Spending. The implications of companies contributing money to both republican and democratic organizations. Hana Callaghan discusses a government official's duty to preserve trust. A board should ask itself: Does it optimize the bottom line? Is it legal?
Is it ethical?
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essay lyrics First published in The Believer, July, 2003. The Genre Artist. If a story takes place, as we are told stories do, then who or what does it take that place from, and why is an acquisition verb—take—necessary to describe the activity of stories? Maybe it’s an unfair, literalizing question. Not all figures of speech need to be prodded for accuracy (although shouldn’t a phrase relating to 2000 word essay on time stories, which are made of language, have some passing precision?). Stories would keep taking place whether or not we worried about mba essay, what it meant for them to do so, or worried about what stories actually did instead. But if we poked at this strange phrase, which suggests a theft of setting in order for narrative to occur, we might also deduce that if a place is taken for something to happen in it, then this taking must happen at a specific time (that’s what the word “happen” asks us to believe, anyway). The verb “take” presumes duration, implies a moment (unless we take a break from time or take the opportunity to no longer experience time , options that are difficult, at 2000 word essay on importance, best, to secure, unless we die).
It is this specific time that is meant to goldwater application essay concern us when we encounter what is likely the most well known (i.e., terrifying) story opener of all: once upon 2000 word on time a time. Imbedded in this innocent phrase, which I would like to prod for the rest of this paragraph until it leaks an interesting jelly, is a severally redundant claim of can i a book, occurrence, perhaps the first thing a reader, or listener, must be promised (reader: consumer of artificial time). For the sake of 2000 word essay on importance of being, contrast, to with look at a more rigorously dull example, the 2000 word essay of being on time, opener “I have an idea” does not offer the same hope, or seduction, or promise (particularly if I am the “I”). Even the verb is can i someone to write report for me? static and suggests nothing approximating a moment. Time is being excluded, and look at all the word on importance of being, people already falling asleep. “Once upon proof reader a time” is far more promising (something happened, something happened!). We might need to believe that the 2000 essay on importance of being, clock is application ticking before we begin to invest our sympathies, our attentions, our energy. Fiction has, of course, since dropped this ingratiating, hospitable opener in favor of subtler seductions, gentler heraldings of story.
But it is rare not to 2000 word on importance feel the clock before the first page is done, a verb moving the phd thesis no results, people and furniture around (whereas “having an idea” does not allow us to picture anything, other than, possibly, a man on a toilet). The physical verbs are waiting to assert themselves, to word of being provide moments that we are meant to phd thesis with believe in, and verbs, traditionally, are what characters use to stir up the trouble we call fiction. Without physical verbs we have static think pieces, essays, philosophical musings. There is no stirring, because generally there is nobody there holding a spoon. This will be an interesting distinction to remember. Maybe this is as it should be, since Proust said the duty of the literary artist was to tell the truth about time. 2000 On Time? Aside from blanching at the notion of goldwater application, duty, which is one of the on time, required notions to writing argumentative essay blanch at, it seems clear to me that Proust’s edict, interpreted variously, has served as a bellwether for most thriving traditions of fiction (which held true, of 2000 essay on importance of being on time, course, before Proust articulated it). If fiction has a main theme, a primary character, an occupation, a methodology, a criteria, a standard, a purpose (is there anything else left for fiction to have?), it would be time itself. Can I To Write Report For Me?? Fiction is the production of false time for readers to 2000 word of being experience. Most fiction seeks to become time . Without time, fiction is nonfiction.
Yes, that’s arguable—we have Borges, Roussel, Christine Brooke-Rose, and Robbe-Grillet, after all, among others, to essay tell us otherwise, and it is in 2000 essay on importance part their legacy, their followers (witting or not), whose pages will be shaken here until we have something that counts for a portrait of this anti-story tradition. One basic meaning of narrative, then: to create time where there was none. Scholarship Application? A fiction writer who tells stories is a maker of time. Not liking a story might be akin to not believing in its depictions of time. It sounds facile to say that stories occur, but it is part of the larger, relentless persuasion that time both is and envelops the word essay on importance of being on time, practice we call story. Help Essay? We cannot easily separate the two. Yet if time is the most taken-for-granted aspect of fiction writing, it would seem precisely like the good hard wall a young, ambitious writer would want to bang his head against, in order to walk and talk newly in the world of fiction (that’s still the desire, right?).
To the writer searching for the obstacle to surpass , time would look plenty worthy a hurdle. If something must be overcome, ruined, subverted in order for word essay of being, fiction to stay matterful (yes, maybe the to write report for me?, metaphor of word on importance, progress in proof literary art is pretentious and tired at this point (there’s time again, aging what was once such a fine idea)), then time would be the thing to beat, the thing fiction seemingly cannot do without, and therefore, to grow or change, must. John Haskell is among an intriguing new group of writers chiseling away at essay of being, the forms of fiction writing without appearing exhaustingly experimental (read: unreadable). Haskell is working primarily without or around time, producing fiction that might appear more essayistic, discursive, inert, philosophical, and, well, literally timeless (which is not yet to say that his debut book is for application essay, the ages ). Yes, I said “inert,” because things do not have to essay on time move to anderson mba essay be interesting. 2000 Essay Of Being On Time? Think mountain. Think dead person. Anderson Questions? Think thought. On Time? I say “think,” because Haskell is a thinker, and although he writes often about film, you could not film what he writes.
I Am Not Jackson Pollock contains some storylike moments, but it is primarily a new kind of fiction, one that, curiously, hardly seems interested in fiction at all (which is essay proof reader not to suggest that it reads autobiographically—the opposite is true, which makes a great case for secret-keeping). Haskell might be indebted to Borges, but not in 2000 word on importance the way most so-called imaginative writers are. There’s no obsession with infinity and worlds within worlds, no conceptual masterminding at work to showcase a stoner’s tripped-out, house-of-Escher mentality, not much that would qualify as being made up. Haskell is more interested in using modest, unassuming forms of nonfiction, as did Borges or Sterne (albeit Haskell does not perpetrate extravagant untruths): the essay, the find to write a book, report, the biographical sketch, the character analysis (this last is Haskell’s favorite, from real people like Glenn Gould and Jackson Pollock, to 2000 word essay on importance of being film characters like Anthony Perkins’s innkeeper in Psycho , to phd thesis with no results Topsy, the first elephant executed by electricity). On Importance Of Being On Time? Haskell does not write characters so much as he writes about them, and find someone to write report, it is word this willful instinct toward exposition that is so curiously distinctive and help writing, unusual in the story-driven world of word on importance on time, most new fiction. A fair question here might be this: where is the fiction in this, if these “stories” of Haskell’s refuse story and then faithfully essay to supply information, respectable information, analysis, and reflection, just as nonfiction might? And one fair answer might be: John Haskell’s primary fiction, overriding his entire project, the find for me?, place where his fiction is located, is precisely in his puzzling gesture of calling these pieces fiction in the first place. He is fictionalizing his genre. Or, in other words, his fiction is genre itself.
Haskell is word essay on importance on time not an anderson mba essay questions artist in a particular genre, he is an of being on time artist of gear, genre. To do what Haskell does is to take several genuine risks, which occasions a word or two about risk. 2000? What could a writer in our country possibly be risking, other than his own pride, livelihood, or publishability, which are not exactly noble losses should they actually be lost? (Many of mba essay, us began writing without pride and publishability anyway, and I’m not exactly clear what livelihood is.) Yet risk is the most urgent exhortation of what we are supposed to take when we write fiction (which is somehow different from the kind of taking a story does when it takes place). Fiction is praised when it is of being on time called “risky,” but this sort of risk usually involves shattering, shameful disclosures. Essay? (I could fill the rest of this essay with examples of word on importance, shattering, shameful disclosures, but maybe just one will do: while wrestling with my dog, experimenting on a new hold called “the Sumatra,” we ended up horizontal on the lawn, head to toe, and thereupon commenced a directed nuzzling, a purposeful mouth-to-balls activity, that in some quarters of academe is referred to as the sixty-nine, which then became a standard “variation” on the “Sumatra,” well into adulthood (especially into adulthood)). With secret-telling having become its own lucrative industry, it’s hard to fathom what a risk of subject-matter might be (though I’m certain better, scarier secrets are approaching in next season’s books, however ill-equipped my imagination is to conceive them). Risks of form, on the other hand, might seem more provocative, more inherently interesting to those attuned to the established modes and means of fiction writing (Hey, you guys!), but the goldwater essay, risk more often cited in these cases is the 2000 word of being, financial sort that a publisher takes in publishing such work. They risk not selling enough books.
And they are sorry but they cannot take that risk (it is interesting that the gear accountability essay, writer is 2000 word supposed to be risky while the publisher is not). Risk might very well have a more palpable financial meaning than an artistic one. So while it is no longer clear what literary risk is—perhaps the term has been molested to death, like those other harassed words: edgy, innovative, startling, stunning—it could be more appropriate to say that within the help writing, larger, hapless chance-taking of writing at all (when indifference is 2000 word essay on importance of being on time about the scariest, and likeliest, response most of proof, us might face), writing fiction without story seems especially curious, willfully self-marginalizing, and therefore very much worth considering. (No, not all obscure literary gestures are “interesting,” but something akin to word of being on time playing golf without one’s body, as John Haskell might be doing, is.) The shopworn adage “show-don’t-tell” reinforces the ethos that fiction must have a story, and warns a writer away from discursive, essayistic moments and exposition, which apparently amount to a kind of quicksand for the writer (a statement that presupposes motion as a valuable aspect of fiction writing). Help Writing? Haskell’s quicksand is rich as a batter and word essay on importance, quite worth getting trapped in, although so much inertia can feel confining. Gear? If we are to be cast in mud, and 2000 essay on importance of being, then smothered, we want our demise to be fascinating.
Telling is supposedly insufficient, it cannot produce a quality demise, since it does not dramatize a moment, or in fact does not even supply a moment at all. Telling is stingy with time. Yet even though we “tell” a story, we only phd thesis no results, do it well when we do not actually tell it, but show that story occurring in time. Does telling fail because it discriminates against the notion of moments entirely? Take this paragraph in Haskell’s story, “The Faces of Joan of Arc.” Hedy Lamarr, through most of the movie, takes the side of those in authority, which is not the same as having authority. Obedience is a way of reconciling oneself to 2000 of being on time a lack of authority or a lack of can i find to write report, choice. But it’s not the only way. This is a funny (read: not-so-funny) way to start a section in a story, but this is essay on time Haskell in his psychological mode, and proof, it’s a tone he turns to frequently, which can make parts of this book sound eerily similar to the DSM-IV-TR Case Studies: A Clinical Guide to 2000 word essay on time Differential Diagnosis . Anderson Mba Essay? His exposition is 2000 word of being dutiful and questions, persistent, but he oddly does not seem to be using it to generate sympathy, which is what a narrative writer might hope for 2000 word essay of being, after disclosing details of character. Can I Find Someone Report For Me?? Minimalism in 2000 word on importance of being fiction, which at its best extracted psychology purely from phd thesis no results surfaces, would be anathema to Haskell. One of his favorite things to do, his pet point throughout the book, is to probe the interior conflicts within a character, but the word essay on time, effect is rather more coldly intellectual than warmly empathic:
She creates a space between what she does and who she feels she is, so at report, least she can live with a little peace.He wanted to let whatever it was inside of 2000 of being on time, him come out, and then change it, and by changing that he was hoping everything else would change. Inside that bubble he could relax and let who he was come out. She waited until what the camera wanted was fairly close to what she wanted, and although this wasn’t a perfect arrangement, she could pretend to stand it. … the man wanted to bring out help writing whatever it was inside the boy. Haskell is expert at 2000 essay of being on time, clarifying the moments when his characters feel estranged from themselves.
The defiance of Haskell’s title is a form of self-denial echoed throughout most of these stories. He is goldwater scholarship essay so shrewd at depicting this sort of essay on importance on time, moment, that for find someone a book, him it is apparently sufficient to carry whole stories. Once he has achieved the revelation, he seems ready to end his story. If he has a deficiency, it’s his inability to 2000 on importance of being on time convert his fascinations into whole pieces of phd thesis, writing that prove the artistic adequacy of his idea. If Haskell is desperate to show us how people hide from themselves and 2000 essay, conspire against their own better interests, working as multiple identities in agonizing contexts—which is, after all, a familiar enough idea routinely explored, or dramatized, by many writers—then it’s upon him to make our experience of this idea immediate, visceral, and potently refreshed. Maybe it’s not upon him , but when the idea is centralized, as it is in Haskell’s work, and narrative is deliberately excluded, there is essay a risk when that idea does not seem novel. To be fair, Haskell has no real comforting tradition to fall back on, to guide him in his efforts, so he must invent for himself what an ending, in this sort of writing, might look like.
It’s an original path he has chosen, and it will be rewarding to watch this exceptional writer as he navigates this new territory for on importance of being, fiction. When a prose writer such as Haskell surmises a distinction between story and fiction, as he so intriguingly has, a critic can safely ask after the absent story and not be upbraided for assuming that fiction must have one. A writer thus interested anyway in dividing the two projects risks an error of category, or at the least risks being read incorrectly (not that reading correctly sounds like a very compelling thing to be doing). But when, for find to write a book report, example, David Markson, an 2000 essay on importance on time expository novelist who fired the starting gun for fictions of information and proved that pure exposition can be alarmingly moving, who purposefully tells instead of find someone report, shows, is dismissed in 2000 word on importance The New York Times for failing to provide a story in reader his novel Reader’s Block , no discussion follows about why, exactly, fiction must have one (at 150 words in the book review, how could any discussion follow?). Nor do we learn what a story might have looked like in 2000 word essay of being on time such an exquisitely felt book that, to summarize, catalogs the various ways historical figures have hated whole races of people and/or died by gear accountability, their own hands. (Yes, you should read this book.) Markson should have presumably, under the fiction-must-have-a-story criteria , zeroed in on one of 2000 word of being, his hundreds of characters and gone deep, doing that good old-time psychological work, the person-making stuff, dramatizing how such an interesting fellow had gone on to hate Jews and/or kill himself. Help Argumentative? Markson should have used more words like “then.” He should have sequenced.
He seems to 2000 word essay on time have forgotten that literature is supposedly a time-based art. Markson’s amnesia is one of the happy accidents of the last decade of fiction writing. By eschewing a fetishistic, conventional interest in character, or a dutiful allegiance to moment creation, to occurrence itself, Markson accomplishes what a story, slogging through time and obedient to momentum, arguably could not: a commanding, obsessive portrait of single behaviors throughout history, a catalog of gear accountability essay, atrocity that overwhelms through relentless example. In truth, it’s a novel that can be read as an essay, but unlike most essays, it’s lyrically shrewd, poetry in the form of history, and it’s brave enough to of being provide creepy, gaping holes where we normally might encounter context (the burden of the conventional essayist). This might explain a new category of writing, the lyric essay, swelling special issues of literary magazines (such as The Seneca Review ) and, in essay particular, a new, provocative anthology: The Next American Essay , edited (orchestrated, masterminded, realized) by John D’Agata, the form’s single-handed, shrewd champion.
The lyric essayist seems to enjoy all of the 2000, liberties of the fiction writer, with none of essay proof, a fiction writer’s burden of unreality, the nasty fact that none of this ever really happened that a fiction writer daily wakes to. One can never say of the lyric essayist’s work that “it’s just fiction,” a vacuous but prevalent dismissal akin to criticizing someone with his own name. The lyric essay is a rather ingenious label, since the essayist supposedly starts out with something real, whereas the fiction writer labors under a burden to prove, or create, that reality, and can expect mistrust and doubt from a reader at 2000 on importance, the outset. In fiction, lyricism can look like evasion, special pleading, pretension. In the essay, it is apparently artistic, a lovely sideshow to The Real that, if you let it, will enhance what you think you know. The implied secret here is that one of the essay reader, smartest ways to write fiction today is to say that you’re not, and 2000 essay on importance of being on time, then do whatever you very well please. Fiction writers take note. Some of the best fiction is with these days being written as nonfiction. The Next American Essay proceeds chronologically from 1975 to 2003, from John McPhee (a re-animated Monopoly game) to Jenny Boully (all footnotes, no text), with D’Agata practicing his own artful transitions before each piece, waxing witty, smart, personal, mute, cleverly obtuse, passionate, lucid, myopic.
D’Agata’s transitions alone, which show how alive an 2000 word on importance of being anthology can be, and would make any editor envious, provide a toolbox of categorically adulterous leapfrogs that could outfit a whole new generation of essay proof, writers with the skills to launch an impressive and relevant movement of writing. D’Agata as editor seems capable of reconfiguring almost anyone’s writing, like Robert Ashley collating found music into his own opera. Word Essay On Importance? D’Agata decides what’s beautiful and makes it so through expert arrangement. There are writers here, Sherman Alexie among them, who must have been surprised to discover their stories qualified as lyric essays. D’Agata justifies the mba essay questions, choice of Alexie by claiming that fiction is a protective term, providing shelter for difficult material, which is really essayistic in word essay on importance nature. All fiction writers should be so lucky.
The flagship practitioner of the lyric essay, who seems early on to have inspired D’Agata’s editorial imagination, is the Canadian poet Anne Carson. Under the banner of poetry, Carson has produced some of the writing essay, most rigorously intelligent and beautiful writing of the last ten years: essays, stories, arguments, poems, most provocatively in 2000 word of being on time her early collection, Plainwater . Help Argumentative? Her piece, “Short Talks,” which she describes as one-minute lectures, and which moves through the history of on importance on time, philosophy like a flip-book of civilization, offering stern commandments and graceful fall-aways, simultaneously qualifies as fiction, poetry, and essay, and anderson mba essay questions, is championed protectively by ambassadors from each genre. The loose criteria for the lyric essay seems to invoke a kind of nonfiction not burdened by research or fact, yet responsible (if necessary) to sense and 2000 essay on importance of being on time, poetry, shrewdly allegiant to accountability essay no expectations of genre other than the demands of its own subject. If that sounds strangely like fiction, several of the writers included here, Harry Mathews, Carole Maso, and Lydia Davis among them, first published their pieces in 2000 word essay on importance of being on time that genre, and gear accountability, will no doubt continue to. 2000 Word On Importance On Time? Others, like Carson or Boully or Joe Wenderoth, have consistently termed their work poetry.
Thalia Field has published her singular writing under the gear, label of fiction, although it seems better read as poetry. Here, of course, it is an essay, as are works of autobiography. David Antin shows up with more of his astonishingly boring diaries, continuing his decades-long ruse of consequence. Thankfully he cannot single-handedly ruin an anthology. David Shields provides a Lishian catalog of cliches that accrue curious meanings and expose how revealing banal language can actually be. And stalwarts like Joan Didion, David Foster Wallace, and Susan Sontag throw in with fierce, ambitious contributions that actually always were essays, although this lack of genre-hopping is in the minority. Sadly absent from what is otherwise one of the most significant anthologies published in years are a few true voices of the essay who would have fit right in with these other inspired eccentrics, among them: Daniel Harris, Lawrence Weschler, Joy Williams, and Dallas Wiebe. One instantly wonders how the word of being, chosen genre appellation liberates or constricts the accountability essay, writer, and whether or not John Haskell, absent from D’Agata’s all-star selection, would have fared better (whatever that might mean) under a different label, with someone like D’Agata warming-up for him. Might he be more appreciated as a lyric essayist, an artist of information not saddled by conventional readerly expectations? I ask because Haskell seems to 2000 essay of being on time suffer slightly when evaluated as a fiction writer, when one brings hopes of story to his book, which are hard not to bring.
There’s the implied tedium of fiction not driven by story, particularly if a reader is anderson expecting one (of course tedium, as Robbe-Grillet showed, can have its thrills). 2000 Word Essay On Importance? With storyless fiction, one suspects an intellectual lesson is at hand, instead of entertainment (this must either be fun or it must be good for proof reader, me), with a reader’s pleasure not high on the author’s agenda. Expectation can flatten a reader’s willingness to forestall desires for 2000 word on importance, story. It is essay proof reader similar to feeling forever trapped in a flashback, waiting for the current scene. A reader saves attention and energy if he senses that what he’s reading is not primary, the thing itself, and that the real story is ahead, and attention is the commodity the writer is striving to create, at all costs. Haskell’s book could very nearly be shelved uncontested in the film studies section of the bookstore, and here it might perform its rogue fictionalizations with more astonishment, reversing his style of ambush, so to speak, since it is much more a collection of 2000 essay on time, film studies with bursts of scholarship application, unreality, than it is a burst of unreality with moments of film studies. It might just be that the genre bending fiction writers—John Haskell, David Markson among them—so far, lack a champion like John D’Agata, although there’s no reason to think that he won’t be luring more fiction writers into his protective, liberating fold, where these categories can cease to matter.
Once upon a time there will be readers who won’t care what imaginative writing is 2000 essay on importance of being called and will read it for its passion, its force of intellect, and for find someone, its formal originality.