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A Rainy Season Day Essay in Hindi - Hindi Vidya

Essay writing on rainy season in hindi

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A Rainy Season Day Essay in Hindi - Hindi Vidya

Boeing Engineer Interview Questions. Interviews for Top Jobs at Boeing. 63 Candidate Interview Reviews Back to all Interviews. Your trust is our top concern, so companies can't alter or remove reviews. I applied online. I interviewed at Boeing. Went through 2 rounds of phone interviews with Boeing Analytics. The recruiter was very nice, but incredibly disorganized. With every email or phone discussion, I had to remind her who I was and essay writing on rainy season in hindi which position I was applying for.

Finally, I got in touch with the hiring manager, and had a behavioral interview, followed by a technical phone interview a few days later. The recruiter said she#039;d follow-up within two weeks. Words Essay! After two and a half weeks, I called the recruiter only to find out that they were no longer hiring for the position due to a government contractor hiring freeze. Structured interview, canned questions related to essay season experience, and ability to address challenges. Answer Question. Other Interview Reviews for Boeing.

I applied through college or university. I interviewed at Boeing in September 2017. There was a panel of 3 people who alternated asking questions. First they read instructions about how to answer the questions, then asked me what experiences qualified me for the position, and then they transitioned into the scripted questions. How To Write A High Jesuit! It took 45 min. They took notes in 3 columns: situation, action, result (not exactly the STAR method but close). Describe a time where you had to in hindi use analytical thinking to solve an engineering problem. Answer Question. You explain your general qualification and background.

They ask behavioral-based questions and addition questions just to know more about you. At the end, you have the chance to ask questions. How did you adjust to a specific change within a project? Answer Question. I applied online. I interviewed at Boeing in January 2017. They ask you 5 questions for a phone interview only, before they hire you. Only behavioral questions, nothing technical. A couple people talk to on courtrooms you on essay on rainy season, the phone and just write down your answers to pass them on to the next step.

Tell me about a time you worked with people who have a diverse background. A couple people talk to you on how to a high essay, the phone and just write down your answers to pass them on essay season, to the next step. Answer Question. I applied through college or university. The process took 2 days. I interviewed at Boeing (New York, NY) in October 2016. Roundtable setting, with typical #034;Tell me about yourself#034; and literature review STAR-related questions.

Interview was not technical and rather focused on essay writing on rainy, behavior and personality traits. I did not find the interview particularly difficult, though I should have prepared better for the STAR questions. I applied online. School Essay Jesuit! The process took 3 weeks. Writing On Rainy In Hindi! I interviewed at literature paper, Boeing (Long Beach, CA) in October 2016. Learned detail through alert from Boeing Career page. Attended a University information session. Applied online and received e-mail and essay writing phone call to schedule an in-person interview.

Panel interview asking STAR questions. Nothing technical, mostly questions based on prior experience, work ethic, and personality. Tell us of a time you had to complete a task with limited information and instruction. Research On Nuclear! Answer Question. I applied in-person. The process took 1 day. I interviewed at Boeing (Albany, NY) in essay writing on rainy in hindi, October 2016. Oral Essay! I got the interview by going to essay writing on rainy in hindi the career fair and talking to one of the paper on nuclear plant technical experts there representing the company. In Hindi! They liked me enough and called me back for an interview the next day. Describe a time when you overcame an how to a high application essay, obstacle while dealing diverse cultures?

Answer Question. I applied through college or university. The process took 2 days. On Rainy Season! I interviewed at Boeing (Ames, IA) in September 2016. It was a behavioral interview following a career fair. Consisted of 3 engineers asking a series of pre-planned questions, along with any follow ups that they thought of. Lasted approximately one hour. Questions were fairly standard behavioral ones, mostly focusing on positive outcomes rather than those that are of the #034;describe a difficult situation you had in a group and what steps you took to overcome it.#034; Describe some of your academic experiences and how they have prepared you to work at Boeing. History Essay! Answer Question. I applied online.

I interviewed at Boeing (Seattle, WA) in September 2016. Essay Season In Hindi! I applied online for transition cause and effect an open requisition for a job with Boeing as an Engineer. Boeing has a structured interview process. Resume is sent to HR for screening, then potential candidates will be sent to hiring manager. Essay On Rainy! Communication with different/variety of teams. Boeing has a standard interview structure that will ask about a situation and buy a literature review paper roles you played in that situation. How it started and how it was resolved. 1 Answer. I applied through college or university. I interviewed at Boeing (Oklahoma City, OK) in May 2016.

They brought me in to a conference room in a large facility and asked me 4 behavioral questions and wrote down my answers in writing on rainy in hindi, STAR format. After I answered the night 4 questions, one at a time, they gave me the opportunity to ask them questions. Tell us about yourself. Answer Question Tell us about a time that you struggled with something and the steps you took to on rainy get through that struggle. Answer Question Tell us about a time you had to work with a difficult colleague. How did you respond to the situation? Answer Question. Boeing is the world#039;s largest aerospace company and leading manufacturer of commercial airplanes and midsummer dream defense, space and security. #32; More.

This is the employer's chance to tell you why you should work for them. The information provided is from season, their perspective. Top Interview Questions Previous Next. Would you like us to review something? Please describe the problem with this and we will look into it. Your feedback has been sent to essays the team and we'll look into it. Your response will be removed from the review this cannot be undone.

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Generalising about the Arab Spring is playing with fire. Ahistorical portrayals of the writing on rainy Arab uprisings fail to capture the political transformations afoot – and worse, perpetuate a false need for security and narrative stability when institutional reform is the solution. The euphoria and promise of the “Arab uprising” or “Arab Spring” have given way to what many refer to as a “winter” rather than a “spring”. Headlines such as “Military coup in Egypt”, “Civil war in essay season Syria”, “Armed militias in Libya”, and “Sectarianism in Iraq” have come to dominate media outlets and research plant policy discussions. The problem with selecting the most ill-fated of the “uprising” cases and painting them as illustrative of the Arab world as a whole is that they are unrepresentative of the diverse political transformations throughout the region.

Such essentialist narratives present events outside of their context and history. They distort the image of the essay in hindi “uprisings”, and of the Arab world generally as a perpetually violent and chaotic region incapable of strong institutional and democratic reform. This narrative conveniently propagates a policy, advocated by actors both within and outside the region, which prioritises stability and security while diverting attention away from needed political and institutional reforms. The key challenge for democratic transitions is the words cause essay construction of a system characterised by elections, equality of citizenship and writing opportunity, the rule of law and inclusiveness. The success of transitions should be measured against these criteria. This essay will focus on Egypt and Tunisia: two countries that have become the symbols of the Arab uprising and reflect wide-scale implications for the region. The comparison of these two countries – particularly the creation of their constitutions and their electoral laws - reveals differences in essays on courtrooms their transitional political paths and highlights the power and importance of the writing on rainy agency of political elites.

The variation between the two cases serves as a useful indicator of the paper extent of success or failure in the political struggles towards democratic transition. Since the ousting of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, Tunisia has, on the whole, made significant strides towards democratisation. Essay Writing In Hindi. Despite strong disagreements and politically motivated roadblocks, Tunisia’s political elites have demonstrated a strong commitment to national unity, the institutional formation of a robust democracy, characterised by an inclusive constitution, a progressive electoral law, and an institutional setting that has prioritised dialogue and compromise over exclusion and partisanship. Essays. This process was aided by a favourable context. In the wake of the uprisings, Tunisia’s brutal security apparatus collapsed and its small yet professionalised military, which historically had no interest in politics, remained silent in writing on rainy season the wings. In civilian politics, Islamists and literature paper secular factions were evenly matched; Ennahda won a plurality in Tunisia’s first free democratic elections and had reached out to include secular opposition parties in the government. In addition, the sequence of democratic transition in Tunisia is worth mentioning as a favourable factor. Writing On Rainy. Rather than beginning with electing a parliament charged with the selection of a constitutional committee, as seen in Egypt, Tunisia began with an interim government and developed a consensual constitution, which preceded parliamentary elections. In contrast, since the 2011 overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has undergone a more turbulent political transition process.

A parliament was elected, and essays on courtrooms dissolved; a democratically elected president faced a wave of popular opposition and was ultimately overthrown by essay a military-led coalition. July 3, 2013 marked a new phase in Egypt’s political trajectory. The political process has been heavily tainted by a rivalry between a security state and its opponents. The development of institutions and documents of the state and their interpretation have been shaped by circumstance, i.e. by the military-Muslim Brotherhood rivalry. Political elites in Egypt, in an effort to ensure the exclusion and limitations of the rights of oppositional forces and especially the Muslim Brotherhood (by outlawing and declaring it a terrorist organisation) have significantly backtracked from their promised neutrality and inclusiveness. New constitutions, different means. In theory, Tunisia’s new constitution is by research on nuclear power many democratic measures a guarantor of equal opportunity and equal distribution of power. The constitution contains inclusive content that guards against writing on rainy season the exclusion often observed in other Arab constitutions, and prevents the return of dictatorship.

In a speech to the National Constituent Assembly last January, President Marzouki said: “With the birth of this text, we confirm our victory over dictatorship.” The document’s careful wording has secured agreement from both sides of the a high application jesuit political spectrum by presenting a model of reconciliation, while simultaneously addressing the perplexing question of Islam’s role in public life. The Constitution declares: “Tunisia is a free, independent and sovereign state, Islam is her religion, Arabic her language and republic her regime” and “Tunisia is writing season, a state of civil character, based on citizenship, the write will of the people and the primacy of law. In exchange for explicit mention of Islam as the religion of the state, Ennahda compromised on the inclusion of Islamic law. Secular parties, aided by a strong civil society, secured guarantees that Tunisia would remain a civil state with separation of state and religion (something that Rachid Ghannouchi, Ennahda’s leader, had also advocated) and essay on rainy in hindi placed preeminence on the freedoms of its people. It is also important to note that future governments cannot amend the two clauses. Tunisia established a semi-presidential system of government: both the president and the parliament have the ability to form and dissolve a government; however, neither the parliament nor the president can fully dominate the other. Application Essay. Moreover, Article 49 incorporates what is probably the region’s most detailed limitations clause, designed to on rainy in hindi, prevent parliaments from arbitrarily, unfairly or inequitably curbing citizens’ rights. The Tunisian constitution is also the first to transition and effect, introduce gender-sensitive language in relation to key issues.

For instance, Article 40 stipulates that the essay writing in hindi right to work is now “a right for every citizen, male and female”. This theme of gender equality runs throughout and encompasses the right to a fair wage, to decent working conditions, and to research paper plant, stand for election. On Rainy Season In Hindi. Article 73 provides that every male and female has the right to run for president of Tunisia, a feature absent in literature paper all other Arab constitutions. While Tunisia’s constitution has been hailed as the writing on rainy season in hindi region’s most progressive constitution, it falls short in some areas. The constitution requires that the state treat men and women equally in the application of the law, however this does not mean that men and women have the same rights in all circumstances (such as, for essays, example, inheritance and child custody). However, despite its imperfections, many Tunisians believe the constitution to be a welcome departure from what was once there. They also reason that the constitution represents the theoretical formulation of the writing season state. What really matters is how it is practiced and essays on courtrooms implemented. Thus far, the behaviour of the political elite has been mostly positive, which has eased social discontent. Tunisians have condemned abuses of power and have outlined the path they wish Tunisia would take. While there are some inherent contradictions in the constitution, the reality is that it is unlikely that the parties could have negotiated a better outcome given the circumstances and the existing ideological differences.

Like many skilled constitutional legislators, the Tunisian political elite seems to have honed their ability to use constructive ambiguity to generate balanced and inclusive outcomes. Egypt’s 2014 constitution - the drafting process (headed by a government-appointed Committee of 50), the referendum that passed it with a near unanimous 98.1 percent (with a relatively substantial 38.6 percent voter turnout), and the content of the document itself - has fallen under criticism for the deeply politicised context in which it emerged, and within which it is currently implemented. In contrast to Tunisia, Egypt’s constitution does little to increase accountability among the essay writing season in hindi country’s political institutions, particularly the military, police and judiciary, or to guarantee citizen rights and the rule of law. Despite the representation of a vast cross-section of society in the Committee of research plant, 50, with the conspicuous absence of Muslim Brotherhood affiliates, and public debates during the drafting period, the rushed, two-month process took place amidst heavy restrictions on essay season the media and in the aftermath of the buy a literature paper closure of many Islamist-affiliated organisations, and a security crackdown that involved the arrests of several activists who had publicly opposed the charter. The vote on the constitution was thus carried out under suppression of the opposition. However, some viewed these measures as a necessary part of the security hype against the recently ousted MB. Furthermore, some advocated acceptance of the charter as a symbolic means of writing season in hindi, closing a chapter of increasingly unpopular Brotherhood rule and legitimising the interim government. Under such conditions, the vast affirmation for the document was unsurprising. In terms of how to a high school application essay, content, while the constitution does make important improvements upon past documents in guaranteeing rights and freedoms (women, children and season in hindi the disabled are more clearly protected by the constitution), ambiguous clauses leave sufficient space for the circumvention of such rights. For example, the document allows for and effect essay, the military trial of civilians under numerous, vague circumstances. Writing Season. The wide room for interpretation has already been exploited; applied not only to research paper on nuclear, Brotherhood members, but also to many prominent revolutionary activists, journalists and others who are currently imprisoned under the pretext of essay writing on rainy, allowances made by the new constitution.

The document further augments the power of the president, military, police and judiciary—institutions that would be difficult for opponents, particularly Brotherhood members, to midsummer night dream, infiltrate. The rivalries that marred the constitution’s writing process have led to continued concentration of power, lack of accountability and oversight. Egypt’s military had been involved in the transition process since the toppling of Hosni Mubarak; its second round of intervention, in the name of establishing security and placing Egypt on a proper path to democratic transition, has continued to make it a key player in the political process. Beyond the accusations that the interim government was a facade for military rule, and that former Defense Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s presidency bolsters that rule despite his resignation from the military upon his candidacy, the constitution and laws that have since been enacted work to effectively protect the military from civilian oversight or accountability. Therefore, overall, the rivalry between a security state and its opponents has resulted in the production of a highly politicised document that further concentrates power and leaves ample room for politically motivated infringement upon citizen rights. Political elites and their electoral laws. Tunisia’s new electoral law is another example of the on rainy season in hindi role of political elites in the democratic transition.

The introductory articles commit to free and fair elections, and maintain democratic principles that outlaw electoral exclusion, promote transparency, secrecy of ballot, and impartiality amongst those responsible for the administration of election. The law is conceptually clear and outlines the institutional framework of the electoral process. Equal access of the national media is guaranteed; funding from foreign sources is how to jesuit, prohibited; and electoral assistance is given to candidates. Another important provision includes Article 6, which excludes members of the armed forces from participation, a critical step for writing on rainy season in hindi, democratisation. The National Constituent Assembly (NCA) has significantly aided the democratisation process in Tunisia. By voting via secret ballot and by a two-thirds majority to appoint the Instance Superieure Independante pour les Elections (ISIE) (election commission), the how to school essay NCA has lent credibility and legitimacy to the democratisation process and on rainy season the election body. In order to test the professionalism of the NCA, assembly members of the NCA voted individually for each commission. Oral Essay. The process used to draft the electoral law and implement its mandate suggests that consensus building and essay writing on rainy season in hindi inclusiveness top the agenda of Tunisia’s political elite. As in the Tunisian case, the role of the political elite is salient in the formation of paper power, Egypt’s elections law, albeit with different results. Egypt’s parliamentary elections law, issued by interim president Adly Mansour days before the end of his term in June 2014, was drafted in a politically fraught context aimed at essay on rainy in hindi, preventing any potential rise of opposition, particularly MB affiliates, from gaining legislative authority.

The law allows election authorities to ban any supporter of a religiously based, religiously discriminatory or violent organisation from candidacy - stipulations that are dangerously open to unjust interpretation. The law further weakens small political parties by putting in place a winner-take-all rather than party list system for the majority (75 percent) of parliamentary seats. This system advantages more powerful local candidates, often with political ties, who are unlikely to represent the opposition. The election law also allows the Supreme Constitutional Court, the vast majority of literature, whose justices were appointed by Hosni Mubarak, to dissolve parliament. In addition, given the writing on rainy season in hindi vague mapping of buy a review, electoral districts, election results could easily be open to challenge. While parliamentary elections have yet to take place under these 2014 stipulations, it seems highly unlikely under current elections law that a diverse or dynamic body, inclusive of opposition, can be elected. The cases of political transition in Tunisia and Egypt demonstrate the need for more complex and nuanced analysis of political transformation in the Arab world. They underscore the importance of essay season, analysing individual countries within their contexts rather than utilising a few ahistorical, extreme scenarios that paint the Arab world as an enclave of authoritarianism and chaos. In Egypt, a lack of compromise among the research paper plant political elite has led to season, an exclusive system in which the dream winners are exercising unchecked authority over the very foundations of their country’s political and economic institutions. In contrast, the Tunisian case, while not entirely unflawed, thus far illustrates how inclusive transitional processes can lead to the development of balanced and season accountable institutions.

Key features account for difference between the Tunisian and how to write school jesuit Egyptian cases, both tied to the will of political elite. In Tunisia, a relatively well-educated population and a strong civil society maintained pressure on the political elite. Strong, independent unions in Tunisia, including the General Union of Tunisian Workers, lobbied the government consistently. Along with other actors, including the trade union federation, the law association, and human rights groups, it also served as an essay on rainy, important mediator among political actors. In Egypt, unions are neither as powerful nor as independent. In contrast, Egypt, with its much larger, diverse, failed economy and less educated population, more restricted civil society and politicised military and court system enabled political actors to treat the post-revolutionary period as a winner-takes-all rivalry rather than a process of negotiation and compromise. Essays On Courtrooms. Once in power - and in contrast to Ennahda’s more inclusive political process - the Morsi government installed many Islamists (MB and Salafis) in key power positions, often to the exclusion or minimal representation of the April 6 movement, ‘secularists’ and Copts.

In addition, the 2012 constitution was tilted in favor of the MB’s political power. For example, the constitution favoured the power of parliament, where MB representation could be expected to consistently dominate, rather than the writing on rainy season in hindi president or other bodies. In a similar vein, the military, after the 2013 coup, has sought to completely eradicate the Brotherhood and leftist opposition, and concomitantly shaped foundational documents and institutions to buy a review, its favour. In contrast, once in power, Tunisia’s Ennahda party, taking a lesson from Algeria’s decades-long civil war, avoided polarising stances. It demonstrated its emphasis on writing on rainy national unity and inclusion by promising ahead of elections that, if victorious, it would appoint a non-Ennahda citizen as president and paper reach out to opposition parties in creating a coalition government. Season In Hindi. It backed away from pushing for the integration of Islamic law in the constitution, and, after two years in power and engaging with opposition in dialogue, opted to step down in favour of technocratic leadership to preserve national unity. The military remained in the barracks, that is, stayed out of direct involvement in politics, enabling political actors to negotiate a new system. Last year proved a turning point for essays on courtrooms, Ennahda’s political fortunes. In parliamentary elections held on 26 October, Nidaa Tounes won 85 seats in the 217-member assembly, ahead of 69 secured by Ennahda. Nidaa Tounes, a self-styled liberal secular democratic coalition party, like its leader, Beji Caid Essebsi, was composed in large part by Tunisia’s traditional, political elite who portrayed themselves as a liberal democratic alternative to Ennahda.

Ennahda’s loss of political power was finalised with the victory of Nidaa Tounes’ Essebsi in the presidential elections on 21 December. Ironically, Ghannouchi’s overriding his party's wishes and not allowing a law to be passed in May 2014 forbidding former members of Ben Ali's government and the RCD from running enabled Nidaa Tounes’ parliamentary victory and Essebsi’s candidacy and presidential victory. It has also led to a split within Ennadha between the writing season leadership and transition and effect essay youth who wanted the essay writing on rainy season in hindi party to back President Marzouki as a presidential candidate. Nidaa Tounes was challenged to demonstrate that it is capable of political inclusion and not exclusion in essays on courtrooms its dealings with Ennahda and other non-violent Islamists. On Rainy In Hindi. Would it, however different in its political ideology, pursue a path of political inclusiveness and compromise to foster national unity and build a democratic future as Ghannoushi and Ennahda had done? That was not to be. Despite Essebsi’s post-election promise to form a broad-based coalition (as Ennahda had done previously) to on courtrooms, effectively address crippling economic problems, he broke his promise. Essay In Hindi. In late January 2015, Prime Minister Habib Essid announced a new minority government with 24 ministers that excluded Ennahda and other Islamists and leftist parties, despite the history narrative fact that it was a minority government with less than half the writing on rainy in hindi votes necessary to survive a no-confidence vote. The secularist-Islamist divide must give way to a system of government that brings together multiple voices and actors and considers the desires of the public. This new system must emphasise the effectiveness of the democratic process and the wellbeing of the country over ideological differences and repression of dissent.

Rather than recognition of the legitimacy of political opposition only so long as it is a loyal opposition, it must support an opposition whose ultimate loyalty is to national unity and the equality and prosperity of all. While relative stability has allowed Tunisia and Egypt the opportunity of transition, the essays failure of the political process in Syria and writing on rainy season Iraq has left these countries in turmoil and deeply divided. This power vacuum has enabled separatist movements, particularly the self-named Islamic State or IS, to garner supporters, take advantage of the increased accessibility to midsummer night dream essays, large-scale weaponry, and seize, hold and govern large swathes of territory in Syria and Iraq. Processes within the on rainy in hindi region cannot be considered in isolation; the lack of political inclusiveness in night dream essays some Arab countries, like Egypt, leave the potential for disaffected and alienated opponents, Islamist or others, seeking alternative means to express their political interests. The vast majority of the Islamic State’s fighters come from Arab countries. One case in point is the significant number of former members of Saddam Hussein’s Baath party, dismissed blindly during the US invasion and occupation of Iraq, who are reported to have joined the Islamic State.

For groups like the Islamic State, religion has become an essay in hindi, attractive tool to legitimate narratives of write a high application essay, marginalisation, anguish and discontent, and to recruit and mobilise followers on a global scale in the name of Islam. The continued lack of change, limited possibility for writing on rainy season, significant political representation and reform, and government repression of mainstream Islamists will only perpetuate the search for literature paper, alternative means of expression and power-sharing, moderate and extremist. Furthermore, even if the US-led coalition is successful in neutralising the Islamic State, the potential for essay writing on rainy, the formation of alternative groups championing a similar or revised narrative is robust so long as underlying grievances are unaddressed. One recurring failure of US and European policy has been inattention to research on nuclear plant, such grievances, explicitly political exclusion. The Arab uprisings served to further expose inconsistencies in American and European political rhetoric regarding claimed support for self-determination, rule of writing, law and human rights. In turn, this has weakened their ability to essays, leverage pressure on essay on rainy season in hindi Arab governments. From the start of Egypt’s revolution, the US has taken shifting stances that made clear its lack of commitment to ideology and ultimate loyalty to the actor or group that appears most powerful. An initial hesitancy to write a high school essay, abandon its longtime ally, Hosni Mubarak, transformed into essay writing in hindi, enthusiastic support for the revolutionaries. Its decades-long vehement stance against the Brotherhood turned into support for its elected government, and transition words essay while there was an initial disapproval of military coup, time has revealed the emptiness of US threats. US and European failure to essay season, criticise the role of Gulf allies, such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, for their political and financial support of the military coup that overthrew President Morsi, further undermines their credibility.

In addition, insufficient condemnation of the al-Sisi government’s repressive actions, through the use of military courts and mass death sentences, reveals continued inconsistency on part of US and European policy. Midsummer Night Dream. Government reports indicate that 22,000 have been detained in post-Morsi Egypt, while human rights organisations put this figure at 40,000. Essay Writing Season In Hindi. Such behaviour indicates US and European prioritisation of how to a high school, Arab relations over writing commitment to human rights. Al-Sisi has capitalised upon US and EU policy inconsistencies, in addition to his popular support, backing of government bureaucracy and regional alliances to take a bolder stance towards the US. In recent months, the on courtrooms Egyptian Foreign Ministry has even mocked US statements on Egypt by essay writing on rainy season in hindi mimicking almost word-for-word an narrative essay, American reaction to Egyptian protests. Recently, the essay on rainy season ministry produced its own assertions on the Ferguson protests (a series of Missouri protests that emerged in response to a racially-charged police shooting of a young black man), suggesting that Egypt was “closely following” developments in paper on nuclear Ferguson, and urging “restraint and respect for the right of assembly and peaceful expression of opinion”.

The statement was a comical mockery of the upper hand that the writing in hindi US assumes in its official addresses to Egypt. Moving forward, the US faces an buy a paper, overarching challenge. Despite its rhetorical commitment to a democratic ideology, the US has consistently sided with those in power. In many cases, it strikes a balance between using “democracy” as a diplomatic tool against Arab powers, while painting an image of essay writing season in hindi, regional violence and on nuclear power chaos as justification for its support for those very same powers. Essay Writing On Rainy. The notions of “democracy” and “authoritarianism” have been portrayed as entirely dichotomous, labels that give the democratic US a moral high ground over research paper on nuclear Arab authoritarianism. The US justifies its intervention by insisting on the Arab need to emulate Western-style democracy as the only path for progress, all the while supporting the status quo. The historical context and its expansion of US hegemony in the region are all ignored as it attempts to construct and frame new realities. The real power of the US and Europe lay in their ability to not simply construct a new narrative that emphasises self-determination, government accountability, rule of law and human rights upon which political actions and policies are based, but to also act on that narrative. Failure to do so and, instead, accept the restoration of authoritarianism in essay on rainy season in hindi Egypt, approve aid packages and even describe Egypt as on the path to democracy legitimates the widespread belief in the Arab world that the US and midsummer EU have a double standard when it comes to the promotion and support for democratisation.

Equally important, it retreats to the old narrative and conventional wisdom that the season Arab world and broader Middle East is a perpetually violent and chaotic region incapable of strong institutional and democratic reformation, and thus regional stability and Western national interest is dependent on security rather than democratic states. This reductionist and essentialist narrative ignores the realities of diverse political contexts and the role of authoritarian governments and their policies with substantial financial and military support from long-time US and EU allies. Failure to significantly shift from a monolithic and essentialist perception of the history narrative essay Arab world and in hindi policies that focus on chaos and violence rather that their root causes prioritises stability and security, and midsummer diverts from the essay season in hindi critical need for institutional reform. And what of Islamic movements? The retreat to the conventional wisdom of equating stability and midsummer essays national interest with securitisation has also included a retreat to the anti-Muslim Brotherhood and longtime anti-Islamist mantra of Arab autocrats. Al-Sisi’s condemnation of Egypt’s MB as a terrorist organisation with international linkages, and essay writing on rainy season Saudi Arabia's (and the research paper power plant United Arab Emirates's) attempt to rally not only essay on rainy in hindi Arab nations but also to write school jesuit, preach and pressure the US and EU to writing on rainy season, follow suit has both domestic and international implications. For Arab monarchies and regimes, it provides an excuse to further limit, repress and even ban all Islamist movements. This monolithic approach ignores and night dream denies the distinction between militant extremist and terrorist organisations and mainstream Islamist political parties and movements who have an established track record of choosing ballots not bullets as a vehicle for political and social change. Writing On Rainy Season In Hindi. Many in recent years have participated in municipal and national elections and as a result served as mayors, parliamentarians, cabinet members, prime ministers, and president. Oral Essay. They have also accepted defeat at the ballot box or government repression and not resorted to violence.

Transparent, self-serving anti-MB and anti-Islamist policies not only endanger the lives of mainstream Islamists but also discredit the claims of Western democracies and their belief in writing on rainy in hindi and support for the right of self-determination, good governance, rule of law and essays human rights. Writing Season. Equally important, they affirm and reinforce the rhetoric and ranting of terrorist organisations like al-Qaeda and research paper plant IS that both condemn democracy as anti-Islamic and charge that the US and writing on rainy in hindi Europe are hypocrites who have practiced a double standard when it comes to night, democracy promotion in the Middle East, a belief that Gallup poll reports and those of other organisations have shown is essay writing on rainy season, widespread. Short-term securitisation in the name of night, political stability ignores or represses the writing on rainy season in hindi spirit of the Arab uprisings and their desire for an end to dictatorship and its replacement with representative and accountable governance and human rights. It reinforces anti-Westernism as well as the mantra of militant extremists that neither Arab regimes nor their Western allies will “allow” democratisation and can fuel greater radicalisation and recruitment by terrorist organisations. However, long term, the genie has been let out of the bottle. Midsummer Dream Essays. The democratic aspirations and conviction of many, in essay writing in hindi particular younger generations in the Arab and broader Muslim world, will not be silenced or eradicated in the years to come. - John L Esposito is cause and effect, a Professor of Religion and International Affairs and of Islamic Studies at Georgetown University and founding director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding in Georgetown’s Walsh School of Foreign Service.

Esposito has served as consultant to the US Department of State and on rainy season in hindi other agencies, European and Asian governments and corporations, universities, and the media worldwide. Faisal Kattan has worked for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Institute of Economic Affairs, and Sawari Ventures and is currently a research analyst at the Brookings Institution. He is pursuing an paper power, MA in essay writing season Arab Studies at Georgetown University’s School of research power plant, Foreign Service. The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of essay writing, Middle East Eye. Photo: Supporters of essays, Tunisia's outgoing president Moncef Marzouki wave flags outside his campaign headquarters on 23 December 2014 in Tunis, a day after Beji Caid Essebsi won the presidential election. Tunisian PM-designate forms cabinet without any Ennahda ministers #TunisiaVotes. Egyptian president admits rights abuses by police #EgyptTurmoil. How the West's campaign against IS lets the region off the hook #IslamicState. © Middle East Eye 2014 - all rights reserved.

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Hindi Essay |: Short Essay on 'Rainy Season' in

monkey trial essay Who would dominate American culture--the modernists or the traditionalists? Journalists were looking for a showdown, and they found one in a Dayton, Tennessee courtroom in the summer of 1925. There a jury was to essay writing on rainy decide the buy a review paper, fate of writing season in hindi John Scopes , a high school biology teacher charged with illegally teaching the theory of evolution. The guilt or innocence of oral history essay John Scopes, and even the constitutionality of essay writing season Tennessee's anti-evolution statute, mattered little. The meaning of the oral history, trial emerged through its interpretation as a conflict of social and intellectual values. William Jennings Bryan, three-time Democratic candidate for President and a populist, led a Fundamentalist crusade to banish Darwin 's theory of evolution from American classrooms. Bryan's motivation for mounting the crusade is unclear. It is possible that Bryan, who cared deeply about equality, worried that Darwin's theories were being used by supporters of a growing eugenics movement that was advocating sterilization of inferior stock. More likely, the Great Commoner came to his cause both out a concern that the teaching of evolution would undermine traditional values he had long supported and because he had a compelling desire to remain in the public spotlight--a spotlight he had occupied since his famous Cross of essay writing on rainy season in hindi Gold speech at the 1896 Democratic Convention.

Bryan, in the words of columnist H. L. Mencken , who covered the Scopes Trial, transformed himself into a sort of Fundamentalist Pope. Application Essay Jesuit? By 1925, Bryan and his followers had succeeded in getting legislation introduced in fifteen states to ban the in hindi, teaching of evolution. In February, Tennessee enacted a bill introduced by John Butler making it unlawful to teach any theory that denies the story of divine creation as taught by the Bible and to teach instead that man was descended from night dream essays a lower order of animals. The Scopes Trial had its origins in a conspiracy at essay writing on rainy Fred Robinson's drugstore in Dayton. George Rappalyea, a 31-year-old transplanted New Yorker and local coal company manager, arrived at the drugstore with a copy of a paper containing an American Civil Liberties Union announcement that it was willing to offer its services to anyone challenging the new Tennessee anti-evolution statute. Rappalyea, a modernist Methodist with contempt for the new law, argued to night other town leaders that a trial would be a way of essay on rainy season in hindi putting Dayton on how to jesuit the map. Listening to Rappalyea, the others--including School Superintendent Walter White--became convinced that publicity generated by a controversial trial might help their town, whose population had fallen from 3,000 in the 1890's to 1,800 in 1925.

The conspirators summoned John Scopes, a twenty-four-year old general science teacher and part-time football coach, to the drugstore. Essay Writing On Rainy? As Scopes later described the meeting, Rappalyea said, John, we've been arguing and night essays I said nobody could teach biology without teaching evolution. Writing? Scopes agreed. That's right, he said, pulling a copy of Hunter's Civic Biology--the state-approved textbook--from one of the shelves of the research plant, drugstore (the store also sold school textbooks). You've been teaching 'em this book? Rappalyea asked. Scopes replied that while filling in for the regular biology teacher during an illness, he had assigned readings on evolution from the book for review purposes. Then you've been violating the law, Rappalyea concluded. Season In Hindi? Would you be willing to stand for a test case? he asked.

Scopes agreed. He later explained his decision: the best time to scotch the snake is when it starts to wiggle. Herbert and Sue Hicks, two local attorneys and friends of Scopes, agreed to prosecute. Rappalyea initially wanted science fiction writer H. G. Wells to head the defense team. I am sure that in the interest of science Mr. Essays? Wells will consent, Rappalyea predicted.

Wells had no interest in taking the case, but others did. John Neal , an eccentric law school dean from Knoxville, drove to Dayton and volunteered to represent Scopes. Essay On Rainy Season In Hindi? When William Jennings Bryan offered to join the prosecution team--despite having not practiced law in over thirty years--, Clarence Darrow , approaching seventy, jumped to transition words essay join the battle in Dayton. Darrow was not the first choice of the ACLU, who was concerned that Darrow's zealous agnosticism might turn the trial into a broadside attack on religion.The ACLU first preferred former presidential candidates John W. Davies and Charles Evans Hughes, but neither was willing to serve alongside Darrow. Essay On Rainy In Hindi? Instead, it dispatched Arthur Garfield Hays, a prominent free speech advocate, to a high jesuit join the defense team. The final member of the defense team was Dudley Field Malone, an international divorce attorney (and another volunteer who the ACLU might have preferred to stay at essay in hindi home). Essays On Courtrooms? Completing the prosecution team in Dayton were present and former attorneys general for Eastern Tennessee, A. T. Essay In Hindi? Stewart and Ben B. McKenzie , and Bryan's son, federal prosecutor William Jennings Bryan, Jr. Essays? Time has a way of simplifying events and essay writing on rainy season in hindi today Darrow and Bryan are remembered as the key adversaries in the trial, even though Hays for the defense and Stewart for the prosecution played equally important roles at the trial. A carnival atmosphere pervaded Dayton as the opening of the trial approached in July of words cause 1925. Banners decorated the streets. Lemonade stands were set up.

Chimpanzees, said to have been brought to on rainy in hindi town to testify for how to a high essay jesuit the prosecution, performed in a side show on Main Street. Anti- Evolution League members sold copies of T. T. Martin's book Hell and the High School . Holy rollers rolled in essay writing on rainy season the surrounding hills and riverbanks. Nearly a thousand people, 300 of whom were standing, jammed the Rhea County Courthouse on July 10, 1925 for the first day of trial. (Judge John T. Buy A Literature? Raulston , the presiding judge in the Scopes Trial, had proposed moving the trial under a tent that would have seated 20,000 people). Also in attendance were announcers ready to send to essay on rainy listeners the first live radio broadcast from a trial. Transition And Effect? Judge Raulston, a conservative Christian who craved publicity, was flanked by two police officers waving huge fans to keep air circulating.

The proceedings opened, over Darrow's objections, to a prayer. A jury of twelve men, including ten (mostly middle-aged) farmers and eleven regular church-goers, was quickly selected. Essay On Rainy? The trial adjourned for the weekend. On Sunday, William Jennings Bryan delivered the sermon at Dayton's Methodist Church. He used the transition words essay, occasion to attack the defense strategy in writing on rainy in hindi the Scopes case. As Bryan spoke, Judge Raulston and his entire family listened attentively from how to school application their front pew seats.

On the first business day of trial, the defense moved to quash the indictment on writing season in hindi both state and buy a literature review paper federal constitutional grounds. This move was at the heart of the defense strategy. The defense's goal was not to win acquittal for essay season John Scopes, but rather to obtain a declaration by a higher court--preferably the U.S. Supreme Court--that laws forbidding the teaching of evolution were unconstitutional. (That goal, however, would not be realized for transition words essay another 43 years, in the case of Epperson v. Arkansas ). As expected, Judge Raulston denied the writing on rainy season in hindi, defense motion. Opening statements pictured the trial as a titanic struggle between good and evil or truth and midsummer night dream ignorance. Bryan claimed that if evolution wins, Christianity goes. On Rainy Season? Darrow argued, Scopes isn't on essays trial; civilization is on trial. The prosecution, Darrow contended, was opening the doors for a reign of bigotry equal to anything in the Middle Ages. To the gasps of essay writing on rainy in hindi spectators, Darrow said Bryan was responsible for the foolish, mischievous and buy a literature paper wicked act. Darrow said that the anti-evolution law made the Bible the essay on rainy in hindi, yardstick to measure every man's intellect, to measure every man's intelligence, to measure every man's learning. It was classic Darrow, and the press--mostly sympathetic to the defense--loved it.

The prosecution opened its case by asking the court to take judicial notice of the Book of Genesis, as it appears in the King James version. It did. Superintendent White led off the prosecution's list of witnesses with his testimony that John Scopes had admitted teaching about evolution from Hunter's Civic Biology . Chief Prosecutor Tom Stewart then asked seven students in Scope's class a series of questions about paper on nuclear, his teachings. They testified that Scopes told them that man and all other mammals had evolved from one-celled organism. Essay Writing On Rainy In Hindi? Darrow cross-examined--gently, though with obvious sarcasm--the students, asking freshman Howard Morgan: Well, did he tell you anything else that was wicked? No, not that I can remember, Howard answered.

After drugstore owner Fred Robinson took the stand to testify as to transition words Scope's statement that any teacher in the state who was teaching Hunter's Biology was violating the writing season in hindi, law, the prosecution rested. It was a simple case. On Thursday, July 16, the research paper on nuclear power plant, defense called its first witness, Dr. Maynard Metcalf, a zoologist from the Johns Hopkins University. The prosecution objected, arguing that the testimony was irrelevant to Scopes' guilt or innocence under the statue. Before ruling the prosecution's evidence, Judge Raulston decided to hear some of Dr. Metcalf's testimony about the theory of writing on rainy evolution.

The testimony evoked Bryan's only extended speech of the trial. Bryan mocked Metcalf's exposition of the plant, theory of evolution, complaining that the on rainy, evolutionists had man descending not even from American monkeys, but Old World monkeys. Dudley Malone countered for the defense, arguing in a thundering voice that the prosecution's position was borne of the same ignorance which made it possible for oral narrative essay theologians. to bring Old Galilee to trial. It was a powerful speech. Anti-evolution lawmaker John Butler called it the writing season, finest speech of the century. Members of the press gave Malone a standing ovation and most courtroom spectators joined in the sustained applause. The next day, Raulston ruled the defense's expert testimony inadmissible.

Raulston's ruling angered Darrow. He said he could not understand why every suggestion of the prosecution should meet with an endless waste of time, and a bare suggestion of anything that is buy a paper perfectly competent on our part should be immediately overruled. Raulston asked Darrow, I hope you do not mean to on rainy in hindi reflect upon essays on courtrooms the court? Darrow's reply: Well, your honor has the right to hope. Raulston responded, I have the right to do something else. The insult earned Darrow a contempt finding, which was later dropped when Darrow, to essay a big hand from midsummer night dream spectators, apologized for his remark. Darrow and Raulston shook hands.

After expressing concern that the essay on rainy season, courtroom floor might collapse from the weight of the many spectators, Raulston transferred the proceedings to the lawn outside the courthouse. There, facing the jury, hung a sign--attached to the courthouse wall-- reading, Read Your Bible. Transition Cause And Effect Essay? Darrow asked either that the sign be removed or that a second sign of essay in hindi equal size saying Read Your Evolution be put up along with it. Essays? Raulston ordered the sign removed. Before a crowd that had swelled to about 5,000, the defense read into the record, for purpose of appellate review, excerpts from the prepared statements of eight scientists and four experts on religion who had been prepared to testify.

The statements of the experts were widely reported by the press, helping Darrow succeed in his efforts to turn the trial into a national biology lesson. On the seventh day of trial, Raulston asked the defense if it had any more evidence. What followed was what the New York Times described as the most amazing court scene in Anglo-Saxon history. On Rainy Season? Hays asked that William Jennings Bryan be called to the stand as an expert on the Bible. Bryan assented, stipulating only how to a high school essay jesuit, that he should have a chance to interrogate the defense lawyers. Bryan, dismissing the concerns of writing in hindi his prosecution colleagues, took a seat on the witness stand, and began fanning himself.

Darrow began his interrogation of midsummer Bryan with a quiet question: You have given considerable study to the Bible, haven't you, Mr. Essay On Rainy Season In Hindi? Bryan? Bryan replied, Yes, I have. I have studied the Bible for about fifty years. Thus began a series of cause questions designed to undermine a literalist interpretation of the Bible. Bryan was asked about a whale swallowing Jonah, Joshua making the sun stand still, Noah and the great flood, the temptation of Adam in the garden of Eden, and the creation according to Genesis. After initially contending that everything in essay writing in hindi the Bible should be accepted as it is given there, Bryan finally conceded that the words of the Bible should not always be taken literally. How To A High Application Essay Jesuit? In response to Darrow's relentless questions as to whether the six days of essay creation, as described in Genesis, were twenty-four hour days, Bryan said My impression is that they were periods. Bryan, who began his testimony calmly, stumbled badly under Darrow's persistent prodding. At one point the exasperated Bryan said, I do not think about things I don't think about. Narrative? Darrow asked, Do you think about the things you do think about?

Bryan responded, to the derisive laughter of spectators, Well, sometimes. Writing? Both old warriors grew testy as the examination continued. Bryan accused Darrow of attempting to slur at the Bible. He said that he would continue to answer Darrow's impertinent questions because I want the world to essays on courtrooms know that this man, who does not believe in God, is trying to essay on rainy season use a court in Tennessee--. Darrow interrupted his witness by saying, I object to your statement and to your fool ideas that no intelligent Christian on earth believes. After that outburst, Raulston ordered the court adjourned. The next day, Raulston ruled that Bryan could not return to the stand and that his testimony the previous day should be stricken from evidence. The confrontation between Bryan and Darrow was reported by the press as a defeat for Bryan. According to literature review one historian, As a man and as a legend, Bryan was destroyed by his testimony that day.

His performance was described as that of a pitiable, punch drunk warrior. Darrow, however, has also not escaped criticism. Alan Dershowitz, for essay on rainy season example, contended that the celebrated defense attorney comes off as something of an anti-religious cynic. The trial was nearly over. Darrow asked the on courtrooms, jury to return a verdict of guilty in order that the case might be appealed to the Tennessee Supreme Court. Under Tennessee law, Bryan was thereby denied the opportunity to deliver a closing speech he had labored over for on rainy season weeks. The jury complied with Darrow's request, and Judge Raulston fined him $100.

Six days after the trial, William Jennings Bryan was still in Dayton. After eating an enormous dinner, he lay down to take a nap and died in his sleep. Clarence Darrow was hiking in the Smoky Mountains when word of Bryan's death reached him. When reporters suggested to him that Bryan died of a broken heart, Darrow said Broken heart nothing; he died of a busted belly. In a louder voice he added, His death is a great loss to the American people.

A year later, the Tennessee Supreme Court reversed the decision of the Dayton court on a technicality--not the essays, constitutional grounds as Darrow had hoped. According to the court, the fine should have been set by writing on rainy in hindi, the jury, not Raulston. Rather than send the case back for further action, however, the Tennessee Supreme Court dismissed the case. Paper Plant? The court commented, Nothing is to be gained by prolonging the life of this bizarre case. The Scopes trial by no means ended the debate over the teaching of evolution, but it did represent a significant setback for essay season the anti-evolution forces.

Of the fifteen states with anti- evolution legislation pending in 1925, only two states (Arkansas and Mississippi) enacted laws restricting teaching of Darwin's theory.

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Rainy Season Essay in Hindi –

10 Psychology Courses Students Should Take. As a psychology student, you will need to take a number of courses that focus on the science of human behavior. Writing On Rainy Season? Your goal as a student is to not only to fulfill the course requirements of your program department, but to also develop critical thinking skills, research competence, and in-depth knowledge of psychology that will serve you well as you advance in essays on courtrooms your academic and career pursuits. Essay On Rainy Season In Hindi? The following are some of the essay, top courses you should consider when selecting classes to take as an undergraduate psychology major. This introductory course offers an on rainy season in hindi, overview of the entire field of psychology. It may seem overwhelming at first, due to the sheer volume of information contained within the class, but this important class lays the groundwork for your future studies.

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A course in personality psychology offers a solid background in the numerous theories of personality development, including Freudian, psychosocial, behavioral, humanistic, and existential theories. This area of psychology seeks to understand personality and how it varies among individuals as well as how people are similar. Psychologists also assess, diagnose, and treat personality disorders that can interfere with day-to-day life. Are you a psychology major with plans to go to graduate school? If a grad degree in psychology is in your future, then now is the time to start thinking about the courses you need to take. Most programs have certain requirements and prerequisites that must be met before a student can begin a graduate degree in season in hindi psychology.

Which Undergraduate Psychology Courses Do You Need? If you#39;re planning to study psychology at the graduate level, it is important to select undergraduate courses that will prepare you for further study in psychology. An article published in the journal American Psychologist looked at graduate admission requirements provided by 2,023 graduate psychology programs in both the United States and on courtrooms Canada. The results describe the essay on rainy, prerequisite courses most often required by paper on nuclear, psychology graduate programs. Over 85 percent of schools surveyed require or prefer that applicants have taken at least one course in writing on rainy statistics. Words Cause And Effect? Having a solid background in essay statistics will allow you to make better sense of the research you will encounter in graduate school. In many cases, you will even be conducting your own research, so being able to understand and perform statistical analysis is transition words and effect essay essential for success in a graduate program. 2. Experimental Methods/Research Design. More that 65 percent of programs surveyed require or prefer at least one or more courses in experimental methods and research design. The amount of research you will be doing in graduate school depends a great deal on the type of program in essay on rainy season in hindi which you enroll.

PhD programs tend to focus more on research, while PsyD programs concentrate more on research on nuclear power professional practice. In either case, having a solid understanding of the research process is essential. Abnormal psychology courses are required or preferred by over 30 percent of graduate programs. On Rainy? Even if you do not plan to work in mental health, understanding abnormal behaviors, psychological disorders and research paper on nuclear treatment options can provide a richer perspective on human psychology. Developmental psychology or child development courses are required or preferred by over 35 percent of graduate programs.

Such courses can help prepare students for careers as clinical psychologists, school psychologists and other areas, as well as providing a deeper look into how children develop and how people grow over the course of a lifetime. Courses in on rainy season in hindi personality psychology are required or preferred by over 25 percent of graduate programs. Such classes explore topics such as theories of personality and transition cause essay the many influences that impact personality development. Writing Season In Hindi? Of course, there are many other courses that can help you prepare for your graduate studies in psychology. The following are just a few of the classes that you might want to buy a literature paper, consider taking.

Cognitive Psychology History of Psychology Social Psychology Psychological Testing and Measurement Psychology of Learning Sensation and Perception Physiological Psychology. The courses above offer a glimpse of which classes you should take as an undergraduate student. If you are preparing for writing in hindi, graduate school, be sure to check the buy a literature review, specific admission requirements of your chosen school. In addition to the appropriate coursework, most graduate programs also require applicants to take the GRE. Beyond the general education and departmental requirements, you can then take elective courses based on on rainy season your interests. Most psychology programs also require a minimum number of psychology electives in order to graduate. During your first year or two of college, you should concentrate on taking the required general education and major classes. If you end up filling your schedule with elective courses during the essay, early years of your college education, you may find yourself scrambling to play catch up during your junior and season in hindi senior year. Oral History Essay? By saving most of your electives for essay season in hindi, the third and fourth year, you#39;ll be able to enjoy some fun and interesting courses when many of your required program courses are starting to midsummer night dream essays, get tougher and more challenging.

Many students choose to take elective courses that are related to their future career goals. For example, a student with an interest in consumer psychology might focus on season electives in areas like marketing, advertising, social psychology, experimental design, and oral history narrative essay statistics. Other students might opt to writing on rainy season in hindi, take some elective courses in history narrative essay psychology along with classes in other interest areas. For example, a student interested in on rainy pursuing a career in art therapy might take fine arts classes as part of her undergraduate electives. Some of the electives that might be of how to write a high school essay jesuit interest to psychology majors include courses in: As you choose electives, think about how these courses relate to your career goals. If you plan on being a research psychologist, classes in statistics, writing and research methods would prove particularly useful.

On the other hand, if you are thinking of a career in mental health, courses in biology and health sciences might be the most beneficial. Whether you are earning a BA or BS in psychology, selecting the classes that are right for essay in hindi, your academic plan is important. This is why it is so important to talk to your academic advisor. Your advisor can inform you about specific university requirements as well as make additional suggestions based on your major, interests, and goals. A good idea is to make a four-year academic plan outlining the essays on courtrooms, courses that you would like to take each semester. This not only ensures that you meet all of the requirements of your degree program, it also allows you to see where you can schedule in essay writing on rainy season in hindi elective courses. College is a time to prepare for your future and explore your academic interests. Consider your future plans when picking classes.

If you are thinking that you might want to plant, go to graduate school, research which classes you will probably need to essay writing on rainy season, take in order to apply to these programs. Taking a hard look at the different classes you will need now and in the future may help you determine if going to graduate school in psychology is the right choice for you. While you should certainly focus on your core courses first and foremost, you should plan on scheduling at least a few elective courses in how to write a high jesuit order to essay writing in hindi, get the minimum credits needed to graduate. Elective courses are an excellent way to how to school application essay, learn more about new subjects and broaden your education, so spend some time browsing through your school#39;s course catalog to familiarize yourself with what is essay on rainy available. Davis, SF, Giordano, PJ, Licht, CA. Buy A? Your Career in Psychology: Putting Your Graduate Degree to essay on rainy, Work. A High Jesuit? New York: John Wiley Sons; 2009. Kuther, TL.

The Psychology Major#39;s Handbook. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning; 2016. Norcross, JC Sayette, MA. An Insider#39;s Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and writing season in hindi Counseling Psychology: 2016/2017 Edition. New York: The Guilford Press; 2016.

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code essay hammurabi FRONTLINE reports from Iraq on the miscalculations and mistakes behind the brutal rise of ISIS. ISIS#039; growing foothold in Afghanistan is writing on rainy season in hindi, captured on buy a literature review paper, film. Get Our Newsletter. In the 14th Century BC, the Hittite Code also prescribed the death penalty. Writing Season? The 7th Century BC Draconian Code of Athens made death the penalty for every crime committed. In the 5th Century BC, the Roman Law of the Twelve Tablets codified the death penalty.

Again, the death penalty was different for nobility, freemen and slaves and was punishment for crimes such as the publication of libels and insulting songs, the paper power, cutting or grazing of crops planted by writing season in hindi, a farmer, the burning [of] a house or a stack of corn near a house, cheating by a patron of his client, perjury, making disturbances at night in the city, willful murder of a freeman or a parent, or theft by a slave. Death was often cruel and included crucifixion, drowning at sea, burial alive, beating to death, and impalement (often used by Nero). The Romans had a curious punishment for parricides (murder of a parent): the condemned was submersed in buy a literature paper water in a sack, which also contained a dog, a rooster, a viper and an ape. [1] The most notorious death execution in BC was about 399 BC when the Greek philosopher Socrates was required to drink poison for heresy and corruption of essay youth. [2] Mosaic Law codified many capital crimes. Oral? In fact, there is evidence that Jews used many different techniques including stoning, hanging, beheading, crucifixion (copied from the Romans), throwing the criminal from a rock, and essay on rainy season sawing asunder. The most infamous execution of history occurred approximately 29 AD with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ outside Jerusalem. About 300 years later, the Emperor Constantine, after converting to Christianity, abolished crucifixion and essays other cruel death penalties in the Roman Empire. In 438, the Code of Theodosius made more than 80 crimes punishable by death. [3] Britain influenced the colonies more than any other country and has a long history of punishment by essay writing on rainy season, death.

About 450 BC, the death penalty was often enforced by throwing the condemned into a quagmire. By the 10th Century, hanging from gallows was the most frequent execution method. William the Conqueror opposed taking life except in war, and transition and effect essay ordered no person to be hanged or executed for writing on rainy in hindi, any offense. However, he allowed criminals to be mutilated for essays, their crimes. Essay Writing On Rainy In Hindi? During the essays on courtrooms, middle ages, capital punishment was accompanied by torture. Most barons had a drowning pit as well as gallows and they were used for major as well as minor crimes.

For example, in 1279, two hundred and eighty nine Jews were hanged for clipping coin. Under Edward I, two gatekeepers were killed because the on rainy, city gate had not been closed in time to prevent the escape of an accused murderer. Burning was the punishment for women's high treason and men were hanged, drawn and quartered. Beheading was generally accepted for transition words cause, the upper classes. One could be burned for marrying a Jew.

Pressing became the penalty for those who would not confess to their crimes. The executioner placed heavy weights on the victim's chest. On the first day he gave the victim a small quantity of bread, on the second day a small drink of season in hindi bad water, and so on until he confessed or died. Under the midsummer night dream, reign of Henry VIII, the numbers of those put to writing on rainy, death are estimated as high as 72,000. Essays? Boiling to death was another penalty approved in 1531, and there are records to essay in hindi, show some people boiled for up to two hours before death took them. When a woman was burned, the essay, executioner tied a rope around her neck when she was tied to the stake. When the flames reached her she could be strangled from outside the ring of fire. On Rainy Season In Hindi? However, this often failed and many were literally burnt alive. [4] In Britain, the number of capital offenses continually increased until the 1700's when two hundred and twenty-two crimes were punishable by essay, death. On Rainy? These included stealing from a house in the amount of forty shillings, stealing from a shop the value of five shillings, robbing a rabbit warren, cutting down a tree, and counterfeiting tax stamps. However, juries tended not to convict when the penalty was great and the crime was not.

Reforms began to how to write a high school, take place. In 1823, five laws passed, exempting about a hundred crimes from the death [penalty]. Between 1832 and 1837, many capital offenses were swept away. In 1840, there was a failed attempt to on rainy, abolish all capital punishment. Through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, more and more capital punishments were abolished, not only in Britain, but also all across Europe, until today only paper plant, a few European countries retain the essay writing season, death penalty. [5]

The first recorded execution in the English American colonies was in 1608 when officials executed George Kendall of Virginia for supposedly plotting to betray the British to the Spanish. Buy A Review? In 1612, Virginia's governor, Sir Thomas Dale, implemented the Divine, Moral, and Martial Laws that made death the penalty for even minor offenses such as stealing grapes, killing chickens, killing dogs or horses without permission, or trading with Indians. Seven years later these laws were softened because Virginia feared that no one would settle there. Season? [6] In 1622, the first legal execution of a criminal, Daniel Frank, occurred in buy a review paper Virginia for writing on rainy season, the crime of essays theft. [7] Some colonies were very strict in essay in hindi their use of the death penalty, while others were less so. In Massachusetts Bay Colony the first execution was in oral 1630, but the earliest capital statutes do not occur until later.

Under the Capital Laws of season New-England that went into effect between 1636-1647 the death penalty was meted out for pre-meditated murder, sodomy, witchcraft, adultery, idolatry, blasphemy, assault in anger, rape, statutory rape, manstealing, perjury in a capital trial, rebellion, manslaughter, poisoning and bestiality. Early laws were accompanied by a scripture from the Old Testament. Buy A? By 1780, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts only recognized seven capital crimes: murder, sodomy, burglary, buggery, arson, rape, and treason. [8] The New York colony instituted the so-called Duke's Laws of 1665. Writing In Hindi? This directed the death penalty for denial of the essay, true God, pre-meditated murder, killing someone who had no weapon of defense, killing by lying in wait or by poisoning, sodomy, buggery, kidnapping, perjury in a capital trial, traitorous denial of the king's rights or raising arms to resist his authority, conspiracy to invade towns or forts in the colony and in hindi striking one's mother or father (upon complaint of both). The two colonies that were more lenient concerning capital punishment were South Jersey and Pennsylvania.

In South Jersey there was no death penalty for any crime and there were only two crimes, murder and treason, punishable by on courtrooms, death. [9] However under the on rainy season in hindi, direction of the Crown, harsher penal codes were execution there until 1691 [sic]. In Pennsylvania, William Penn's Great Act (1682) made passed in the colonies [sic]. By 1776, most of the colonies had roughly comparable death statutes which covered arson, piracy, treason, murder, sodomy, burglary, robbery, rape, horse-stealing, slave rebellion, and often counterfeiting. Oral History Essay? Hanging was the essay in hindi, usual sentence.

Rhode Island was probably the only colony which decreased the number of literature capital crimes in the late 1700's. Some states were more severe. For example, by 1837, North Carolina required death for the crimes of murder, rape, statutory rape, slave-stealing, stealing bank notes, highway robbery, burglary, arson, castration, buggery, sodomy, bestiality, dueling where death occurs, hiding a slave with intent to free him, taking a free Negro out of state to sell him, bigamy, inciting slaves to rebel, circulating seditious literature among slaves, accessory to murder, robbery, burglary, arson, or mayhem and writing on rainy in hindi others. However, North Carolina did not have a state penitentiary and, many said, no suitable alternative to research power, capital punishment. [10] The first reforms of the death penalty occurred between 1776-1800.

Thomas Jefferson and four others, authorized to undertake a complete revision of Virginia's laws, proposed a law that recommended the death penalty for only treason and murder. After a stormy debate the essay season, legislature defeated the bill by power, one vote. The writing of European theorists such as Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Bentham had a great effect on American intellectuals, as did English Quaker prison reformers John Bellers and John Howard. In Hindi? [11] On Crimes and Punishment, published in English in 1767 by the Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria, whose exposition on abolishing capital punishment was the most influential of the time, had an paper power plant, especially strong impact. He theorized that there was no justification for the taking of life by the state. He said that the death penalty was a war of a whole nation against writing on rainy in hindi a citizen, whose destruction they consider as necessary, or useful to the general good.

He asked the question what if it can be shown not to be necessary or useful? His essay conceded that the only time a death was necessary was when only one's death could insure the security of a nation -- which would be rare and only in cases of absolute anarchy or when a nation was on the verge of on courtrooms losing its liberty. He said that the history of using punishment by death (e.g., the Romans, 20 years of Czaress Elizabeth) had not prevented determined men from injuring society and that death was only a momentary spectacle, and essay writing on rainy therefore a less efficacious method of deterring others, than the continued example of a man deprived of his liberty. [12] Organizations were formed in a high school different colonies for the abolition of the on rainy season, death penalty and to relieve poor prison conditions. Dr.

Benjamin Rush, a renowned Philadelphia citizen, proposed the complete abolition of capital punishment. William Bradford, Attorney General of Pennsylvania, was ordered to investigate capital punishment. In 1793 he published An Enquiry How Far the research plant, Punishment of on rainy in hindi Death is Necessary in Pennsylvania . Literature Review? He strongly insisted that the death penalty be retained, but admitted it was useless in preventing certain crimes. In fact, he said the death penalty made convictions harder to obtain, because in Pennsylvania, and indeed in all states, the essay writing season in hindi, death penalty was mandatory and juries would often not return a guilty verdict because of this fact. In response, in 1794, the Pennsylvania legislature abolished capital punishment for all crimes except murder in the first degree, the first time murder had been broken down into degrees. Night Dream Essays? In New York, in writing season 1796, the legislature authorized construction of the state's first penitentiary, abolished whipping, and reduced the number of capital offenses from essay thirteen to two. Virginia and season in hindi Kentucky passed similar reform bills. Four more states reduced its capital crimes: Vermont in 1797, to three; Maryland in 1810, to four; New Hampshire in 1812, to two and Ohio in 1815, to two. Each of these states built state penitentiaries. A few states went the opposite direction. Rhode Island restored the death penalty for rape and arson; Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Connecticut raised death crimes from six to narrative essay, ten, including sodomy, maiming, robbery, and forgery.

Many southern states made more crimes capital, especially for slaves. [13] The first great reform era occurred between 1833-1853. Public executions were attacked as cruel. Sometimes tens of thousands of eager viewers would show up to view hangings; local merchants would sell souvenirs and alcohol. Fighting and pushing would often break out essay as people jockeyed for the best view of the hanging or the corpse!

Onlookers often cursed the widow or the cause and effect, victim and would try to tear down the essay on rainy season, scaffold or the oral essay, rope for keepsakes. Violence and drunkenness often ruled towns far into the night after justice had been served. Many states enacted laws providing private hangings. Essay In Hindi? Rhode Island (1833), Pennsylvania (1834), New York (1835), Massachusetts (1835), and transition and effect essay New Jersey (1835) all abolished public hangings. By 1849, fifteen states were holding private hangings. This move was opposed by many death penalty abolitionists who thought public executions would eventually cause people to cry out against writing on rainy execution itself. For example, in 1835, Maine enacted what was in how to a high school effect a moratorium on capital punishment after over ten thousand people who watched a hanging had to be restrained by writing season, police after they became unruly and began fighting. Midsummer Dream? All felons sentenced to on rainy in hindi, death would have to remain in prison at hard labor and transition could not be executed until one year had elapsed and on rainy in hindi then only on paper on nuclear, the governor's order.

No governor ordered an execution under the essay writing, Maine Law for twenty-seven years. Though many states argued the merits of the death penalty, no state went as far as Maine. The most influential reformers were the clergy. Ironically, the small but powerful group which opposed the buy a literature review paper, abolitionists were also clergy. They were, almost to a person, members of the Calvinist clergy, especially the Congregationalists and Presbyterians who could be called the religious establishment of the time. They were led by essay writing on rainy season, George Cheever. [14] Finally, in 1846, Michigan became the first state to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state), mostly because it had no long tradition of capital punishment (there had been no hanging since 1830, before statehood) and because frontier Michigan had few established religious groups to oppose it as was the literature paper, case in the east.

In 1852, Rhode Island abolished the death penalty led by Unitarians, Universalists, and especially Quakers. In the same year, Massachusetts limited its death penalty to first-degree murder. In 1853, Wisconsin abolished the death penalty after a gruesome execution in which the victim struggled for five minutes at the end of the rope, and a full eighteen minutes passed before his heart finally quit. [15] During the last half of the century the writing on rainy season, death penalty abolition movement ground to a half, with many members moving into the slavery abolition movement. At the research power, same time, states began to pass laws against mandatory death sentences. Legislators in eighteen states shifted from mandatory to essay, discretionary capital punishment by 1895, not to save lives, but to try to research paper on nuclear power plant, increase convictions and executions of murderers. Still, abolitionists gained a few victories. Maine abolished the death penalty, restored it, and then abolished it again between 1876-1887. Iowa abolished the season in hindi, death penalty for six years.

Kansas passed a Maine Law in 1872 which operated as de facto abolition. [16] Electrocution as a method of execution came onto the scene in an unlikely manner. Review? Edison Company with its DC (direct current) electrical systems began attacking Westinghouse Company and its AC (alternating current) electrical systems as they were pressing for nationwide electrification with alternating current. Essay Writing On Rainy Season? To show how dangerous AC could be, Edison Company began public demonstrations by electrocuting animals. People reasoned that if electricity could kill animals, it could kill people. On Courtrooms? In 1888, New York approved the dismantling of its gallows and the building of the nation's first electric chair. It held its first victim, William Kemmler, in 1890, and even though the first electrocution was clumsy at on rainy in hindi best, other states soon followed the lead. Paper? [17]

The Second Great Reform era was 1895-1917. In 1897, U.S. Congress passed a bill reducing the number of federal death crimes. Writing On Rainy In Hindi? In 1907, Kansas took the Maine Law a step further and abolished all death penalties. Between 1911 and 1917, eight more states abolished capital punishment (Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oregon, Arizona, Missouri and a high school application Tennessee -- the latter in all cases but rape). Votes in other states came close to ending the death penalty.

However, between 1917 and 1955, the death penalty abolition movement again slowed. Washington, Arizona, and Oregon in 1919-20 reinstated the essay writing season in hindi, death penalty. In 1924, the first execution by cyanide gas took place in Nevada, when Tong war gang murderer Gee Jon became its first victim. The state wanted to secretly pump cyanide gas into Jon's cell at oral history narrative night while he was asleep as a more humanitarian way of writing on rainy carrying out the penalty, but, technical difficulties prohibited this and a special gas chamber was hastily built. Other concerns developed when less civilized methods of execution failed.

In 1930, Mrs. On Courtrooms? Eva Dugan became the essay, first female to be executed by Arizona. The execution was botched when the hangman misjudged the words cause and effect essay, drop and Mrs. Dugan's head was ripped from her body. More states converted to electric chairs and gas chambers. Essay Writing On Rainy? During this period of time, abolitionist organizations sprang up all across the country, but they had little effect.

There were a number of stormy protests against the execution of oral history narrative certain convicted felons (e.g., Julius and Ethel Rosenberg), but little opposition against the death penalty itself. In fact, during the anti-Communist period with all its fears and hysteria, Texas Governor Allan Shivers seriously suggested that capital punishment be the penalty for membership in the Communist Party. [18] The movement against capital punishment revived again between 1955 and in hindi 1972. England and Canada completed exhaustive studies which were largely critical of the death penalty and these were widely circulated in paper power plant the U.S. Death row criminals gave their own moving accounts of capital punishment in books and film. Convicted kidnapper Caryl Chessman published Cell 2455 Death Row and Trial by Ordeal . Barbara Graham's story was utilized in book and film with I Want to Live! after her execution. Television shows were broadcast on the death penalty. Season? Hawaii and review Alaska ended capital punishment in 1957, and Delaware did so the next year. Controversy over the death penalty gripped the nation, forcing politicians to take sides. Delaware restored the death penalty in 1961. Essay Writing Season? Michigan abolished capital punishment for treason in 1963.

Voters in 1964 abolished the death penalty in Oregon. In 1965 Iowa, New York, West Virginia, and Vermont ended the buy a review paper, death penalty. New Mexico abolished the death penalty in essay on rainy season 1969. [19] Trying to end capital punishment state-by-state was difficult at best, so death penalty abolitionists turned much of their efforts to night, the courts. They finally succeeded on on rainy in hindi, June 29, 1972 in midsummer night dream the case Furman v. Georgia . In nine separate opinions, but with a majority of 5-4, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the way capital punishment laws were written, including discriminatory sentencing guidelines, capital punishment was cruel and unusual and violated the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. This effectively ended capital punishment in the United States.

Advocates of capital punishment began proposing new capital statutes which they believed would end discrimination in capital sentencing, therefore satisfying a majority of the Court. By early 1975, thirty states had again passed death penalty laws and nearly two hundred prisoners were on essay season, death row. In Gregg v. Literature? Georgia (1976), the Supreme Court upheld Georgia's newly passed death penalty and said that the death penalty was not always cruel and on rainy season unusual punishment. Transition Cause Essay? Death row executions could again begin. Another form of execution was soon found. Oklahoma passed the first death by lethal injection law, based on economics as much as humanitarian reasons. The old electric chair that had not been used in essay on rainy eleven years would require expensive repairs.

Estimates of over $200,000 were given to build a gas chamber, while lethal injection would cost no more than ten to fifteen dollars per event. [20] The controversy over the death penalty continues today. There is a strong movement against lawlessness propelled by citizens' fears for their security. Politicians at the national and plant state levels are taking the floor of legislatures and calling for on rainy season, more frequent death penalties, death penalties penalty [sic] for essays, more crimes, and longer prison sentences. Those opposing these moves counter by arguing that tougher sentences do not slow crime and that crime is little or no worse than in the past. In fact, FBI statistics show murders are now up. (For example 9.3 persons per 100,000 population were murdered in 1973 and 9.4 persons per essay on rainy season in hindi, 100,000 were murdered in 1992). The battle lines are still drawn and the combat will probably always be fought. [21]

A number of narrative important capital punishment decisions have been made by the Supreme Court. The following is a list of the more important ones along with their legal citations: Wilkerson v. Utah 99 U.S. 130 (1878) -- Court upheld execution by firing squad, but said that other types of torture such as drawing and essay season in hindi quartering, embowelling alive, beheading, public dissection, and burring alive and all other in research paper on nuclear power the same line of. cruelty, are forbidden. Weems v. U.S. 217 U.S. 349 (1910) -- Court held that what constitutes cruel and unusual punishment had not been decided, but that it should not be confined to the forms of evil that framers of the writing on rainy season, Bill of Rights had experienced. Therefore, cruel and unusual definitions are subject to changing interpretations.

Louisiana ex rel. Francis v. Resweber 329 U.S. 459 (1947) -- On May 3, 1946, convicted seventeen year old felon Willie Francis was placed in the electric chair and the switch was thrown. Due to on courtrooms, faulty equipment, he survived (even though he was severely shocked), was removed from the chair and returned to his cell. A new death warrant was issued six days later. The Court ruled 5-4 that it was not cruel and unusual to finish carrying out the essay writing on rainy in hindi, sentence since the state acted in good faith in cause and effect essay the first attempt. The cruelty against which the Constitution protects a convicted man is cruelty inherent in the method of punishment, said the Court, not the necessary suffering involved in any method employed to extinguish life humanely. He was then executed.

Tropp v. Dulles 356 U.S. 86 (1958) -- The Court Ruled that punishment would be considered cruel and on rainy season unusual if it was one of tormenting severity, cruel in its excessiveness or unusual in punishment must draw its meaning from the evolving standards of decency that mark the progress of a maturing society. Furman v. Georgia 408 U.S. 238 (1972) -- The Court looking at three cases struck down the how to a high school essay jesuit, death penalty in many states and set up the standard that punishment would be considered cruel and unusual if any of the essay in hindi, following were present: 1) it was too severe for the crime; 2) it was arbitrary (some get the punishment and others do not, without guidelines); 3) it offends society's sense of justice; 4) it was not more effective than a less severe penalty. Gregg v. Georgia 428 U.S. Research Paper On Nuclear Power Plant? 153 (1976) -- [The] Court upheld Georgia's newly passed death penalty and said that the death penalty was not always cruel and unusual punishment. Tison v. Essay Writing On Rainy? Arizona 481 U.S. Cause? 137 (1987) -- [The] Court upheld Arizona's death penalty for major participation in a felony with reckless indifference to human life. Thompson v. Oklahoma 108 S. Ct. 2687 (1987) -- The Court considered the essay in hindi, question of execution of minors under the age of 16 at transition and effect the time of the murder.

The victim was the brother-in-law, who he accused of beating his sister. He and three others beat the essay writing, victim, shot him twice, cut his throat, chest, and night dream essays abdomen, chained him to a concrete block and threw the body into a river where it remained for four weeks. Each of the four participants were tried separately and writing on rainy season all were sentenced to death. In a 5-3 decision, four Justices ruled that Thompson's death sentence was cruel and power unusual. The fifth, O'Connor, concurred but noted that a state must set a minimum age and held out the possibility that if a state lowers, by statute, the minimum death penalty age below sixteen, she might support it.

She stated, Although, I believe that a national consensus forbidding the execution of any person for a crime committed before the age of 16 very likely does exist, I am reluctant to adopt this conclusion as a matter of constitutional law without better evidence that [sic] we now possess. States with no minimum age have rushed to specify a statute age. Penry v. Lynaugh 492 U.S. [sic] (1989) -- [The] Court held that persons considered retarded, but legally sane, could receive the death penalty. It was not cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment if jurors were given the opportunity to consider mitigating circumstances. On Rainy? In this case, the defendant had the mental age of approximately a six-year old child. [1] John Laurence, A History of Capital Punishment (N.Y.: The Citadel Press, 1960), 1-3.

[2] Michael Kronenwetter, Capital Punishment: AReference Handbook (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 1993), 71. [4] Ibid., p.72; Laurence, op.cit., 4-9. [7] Hugo Adam Bedau, The Death Penalty in America (N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1982). [9] Phillip English Mackey, Voices Against Death: American Opposition to essays, Capital Punishment, 1787-1975 (N.Y.: Burt Franklin Co., Inc., 1976), xi-xii. [12] Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishment, trans.

Henry Paolucci (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1963). [13] Mackey, op. Essay Writing? cit., xvi-xvii. [18) Ibid., xxxii-xxxiv, xli. [21] FBI Uniform Crime Report 1992 ; The Sentencing Project. web site copyright 1995-2014 WGBH educational foundation.