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article in the paper People are talking about some athletes going down on one knee during the American national anthem. Thesis Development? Some people think it#8217;s a good idea, and some people think it#8217;s a bad idea. The idea of going down on one knee (known as #8220;taking a knee#8221;) started in 2016. That#8217;s when American football player Colin Kaepernick took a knee before games during the American national anthem. He did it to protest people of colour being treated unfairly by police (in this case, in the United States). For instance, many African Americans may be questioned by strategy phd thesis police (when they have done nothing wrong) or pulled over when they are driving (again, when they have done nothing wrong). Wounded Warriors Compete In Invictus Games in Toronto. More than 550 #8220;wounded warriors#8221; are gathered in Toronto, Ontario this week, to compete in thesis the Invictus Games. The competitors are soldiers who became injured during their military service. Many of them are missing a limb, for instance, and many others have PTSI which is buy resume application, a mental health condition caused by thesis on housing trauma. The Cassini space probe’s 20-year mission to Saturn is over.
On September 15, at 4:55 a.m. Eastern Time on Earth, the spacecraft entered the atmosphere around Saturn. Moments later, it was destroyed. Cassini was launched in 1997. It had been  Large Storms Affecting Caribbean, US.
Everyone is on e.coli, talking about Harvey, Irma, Jose and thesis development, Katia. They are the names of very large storms, affecting the area around the Caribbean*, Mexico and the southern United States. Hurricanes are given names, like “Irma” to essays on the and genocide, make it easier to thesis on housing, refer to them. People in these areas are used to dealing with storms. Thesis? But these storms are much larger than normal.
They have very high winds—up to 120 kilometres an hour—with lots of rain that can flood people’s houses and force them to leave the area. On Housing Development? (In this case, leaving your home is known as “evacuating.”) In Florida, more than 6.4 million people have been told to evacuate before Irma gets there, according to a report from CBC News. Writing Admission Essay? What#8217;s The #8220;Take-A-Knee#8221; Controversy All About? Wounded Warriors Compete In Invictus Games in Toronto. Large Storms Affecting Caribbean, US. Former Astronaut To Be Canada#8217;s Next Governor-General.
Large Storms Affecting Caribbean, US. Cassini Spacecraft Begins Last Stage Of 20-Year Mission. What#8217;s The #8220;Take-A-Knee#8221; Controversy All About? Wounded Warriors Compete In Invictus Games in Toronto. Thesis On Housing? What#8217;s The #8220;Take-A-Knee#8221; Controversy All About? Wounded Warriors Compete In Invictus Games in thesis Toronto. Composer “Adds The Emotion” To Canadian TV Dramas.
Super Soul Sister, Sharon Jones Remembered Lovingly By Fans, Friends, and Family. Thesis On Housing? Canada Loses Leonard Cohen, Songwriter, Poet. Composer “Adds The Emotion” To Canadian TV Dramas. This Summer, Canada Had A Sing-A-Long. John Lennon#8217;s Hair Sells For $48,000. TVO videos about TKN and Media Literacy. TVO Media Literacy videos. TVO Media Literacy videos. TVO Media Literacy videos. Former Astronaut To Be Canada#8217;s Next Governor-General.
Julie Payette will be Canada#8217;s next Governor-General, replacing David Johnston. She will start her new job on October 2. Payette, 53, is a former astronaut, who spent more than 25 days in space. Phd Thesis? She speaks six languages. As you know, in the summer TKN takes a break from publishing the news. But that doesn#8217;t mean you should take a break from the thesis development news! Here are some great ways to thesis, stay up-to-date and reading this summer.
Choose from  Blue Jays Pitcher Back On The Mound. Roberto Osuna is a professional pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays baseball team. Thesis Development? But on on child labour, Friday, June 23, when the Jays needed a pitcher to come in and help them win the development game, Osuna didn#8217;t pitch. Osuna was the logical choice to come into best buy resume application zone the game; he is known as a closer, someone who comes in to pitch near the end of the game, to save it. The 22-year-old has saved games beforein fact, 18 of them this year. Canada Passes Bill C-16 To Give Transgender People Equal Rights. In Canada, it will soon be a law that transgender people cannot be treated differently than other people are treated. What is transgender?
It refers to a person who doesn#8217;t feel like they are the development gender (male and female are two genders, for instance) that they were assumed to be when they were born. For instance, a person who was originally thought to best buy resume application zone, be male and who is on housing, known as male, but doesn#8217;t feel like they are male. (And the same for female.)* Last week, Bill C-16 was approved by the Canadian Senate. It says no one can discriminate against thesis on e.coli, transgender people. (In this case discriminate means treat them differently than they would be treated if they were not transgender.) Theresa May#8217;s Majority Becomes A Minority. The British Prime Minister may be regretting her decision to thesis, call an early election. Theresa May and her political party, the Conservative Party, were the leaders in the UK (United Kingdom). They had a “majority” government. (In other words, they had more “seats”—or representatives—in the House of obama paper Commons than all of the other political parties, combined.) That’s important, because having a majority means that you can really get things done—you won’t be voted down by thesis on housing development the other parties. May hoped that by holding an election, she could expand her majority even more. However, things didn’t go as she planned. Thesis On E.coli? In a couple of weeks, we#8217;ll know who the best basketball team in the National Basketball Association is. Thesis On Housing Development? It will be either the Cleveland Cavaliers or the writing college admission Golden State Warriors.
Those two teams are now battling it out in the finals of the on housing playoffs. This is the third straight year the NBA playoffs have come down to these two teams. Last year, Cleveland won and the year before, Golden State won. Strategy? Scientists have identified a new organ in the human body. It#8217;s called the mesentery (pronounced mess’-en-tair-ee). An organ is a group of tissues that has a specific function in the body. Our bodies have 79 organs, including the heart, lungs, brain, skin and stomach. Thesis Development? The mesentery is made of obama thesis paper fatty tissue and is shaped a bit like a fan. Thesis Development? It is attached to the back wall of the abdomen and it helps to strategy phd thesis, support the intestines and hold them in place. Cassini Spacecraft Begins Last Stage Of 20-Year Mission. In October 1997, a spacecraft called the Cassini orbiter was launched on thesis on housing, a mission to explore Saturn and obama thesis, its moons.
Now, after nearly 20 years in space, Cassini’s mission is coming to an end. Cassini is thesis, running out of fuel. Scientists expect it to burn up in Saturn’s atmosphere in September. But before that happens, the spacecraft will make a series of good college admission essay dives between Saturn and its rings, sending photographs and other information back to Earth. On Housing? US president Donald Trump fired the head of the essays on child FBI last week. When he did that, he shocked many people. The FBI is a special organization in the United States that investigates (looks carefully at) problems and issues. The FBI has been investigating an issue that Donald Trump cares about. They have been trying to thesis on housing, figure out if some people in Russia influenced the US election, and helped get Trump elected. Labour? (No outside country is thesis on housing development, allowed to affect the results of a US election.) French Elect Emmanuel Macron As President. France has a new president.
On May 7, the French people elected Emmanuel Macron. Phd Thesis? It was an on housing, important decision for France. Macron’s opponent was Marine Le Pen, a #8220;far-right#8221; politician. If she had won, France may have pulled out of the European Union* (EU). Thesis? That would have meant big changes not only for France, but possibly the whole EU.
Many people in Europe are relieved that Macron won the election. Macron is thesis on housing, a “centrist” politician, which means he’s in the “middle” – not too far “left” or “right.”** His win means that France will stay in the European Union.
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rose essay Below are all other entries received for the Children’s Essay Contest. For quick access, click a name on the table below: Roses make a Girl Smell Good. I love roses. They are very pretty. I love all types of roses. Some roses are thorny. Some roses are very fragrant and many perfumes are made from the oil in roses.
There are over on housing development 100 types of roses. Roses form a group of plants that can be shrubs. Stems are often armed with sharp prickles. Roses are mostly in Asia. The leaves are borne alternately on the stem of a rose. The rose hip is the fruit of a rose. Rose perfumes are made of rose oil and essential oils. There are several ways that perfumers, which are people that make perfume, extract oils out of the roses. Buy Resume Application. They use methods such as steam distillation solvent extraction, enfleurage, expression, and maceration.
Steam distillation uses steam to transform the thesis on housing development essential oils into gas that is then liquified. Boiling plants in water works is in on the holocaust this method, too. Solvent extraction depends on the benzene, or petroleum, to on housing development, extract the oils. Flowers are spread onto on the greased sheets, which absorbs the oils, while maceration is similar but uses warmed fats to soak up the scents. The fats are then dissolved to leave the essential oils behind. Thesis. Expression is the oldest and simplest method, which simply uses pressure to squeeze the oils out.
It takes a lot of time to perfect the scent, and when it is done, the fragrance is mixed with alcohol and water. The scent roses give off depends on the rose’s color. Roses with the best scents are dark with thick petals. Red and pink roses usually give off the strongest scents. White and yellow roses smell like lemon and violets. Orange roses smell like fruit and clove. The scents are strongest in early morning. This is when the rose oil is telugu on child, harvested. The oils in fragrances of roses have been valued since the Romans. On Housing. Cleopatra even used rose petals to fill up her room over a foot deep because of the fragrance.
Even today, roses are very important to fragrance perfumes. I appreciate roses because the rose oil is in many of the perfumes I use. Roses really do make a girl smell good. The colors of roses and their symbolism have a big impact on most relationships these days. Good Admission. It goes without saying that roses are one of the best ways to development, help express the obama thesis paper emotion of love. So, let’s find out the various colors of thesis, roses and what they mean to understand their dynamics better. Roses have been the symbol of love and essays on child labour affection since times immemorial. They are the perfect example for many things like love, life, feelings, and identity. They work as metaphors in poems and silent words in love stories. Thesis On Housing. The importance of a rose cannot be left ignored.
They cannot be replaced or underrated. So, now that we know how important they are, let’s check out their colors and what they mean. A red rose is the exhibitor of love and passion. Giving a red rose to someone also stands for college admission essay, honesty and courage, as that is thesis on housing, what it takes to strategy, express your true feelings to a woman. More so, it stands strongly for passion and desire. A dark shade of on housing development, red is used for strategy, expressing that the recipient is unconsciously beautiful. A bouquet of white and red roses stands for on housing, unity. Red and yellow roses together symbolize celebration and happiness. Giving a person rose buds is telugu essays labour, a way to thesis, express that the receiver is youthful and phd thesis beautiful.
Nowadays, however, only a thorough romantic would use such a method of thesis on housing development, proposing. Roses are important in literature and lifestyle. They are extremely important when it comes to communication methods, as well. When I think of roses, I think of those prickly things on the stem, called thorns. Actually, there are all sorts of different ones and they smell excellent. Roses are a type of shrub or vine that belongs to the Rosa plant genus and the Rosacea plant family. Roses are noted for having large, attractive flowers that can be white, red, pink, yellow, or orange. Natural rose flowers have five petals, while cultivated roses usually have quite a few extra petals. My dad says bush roses grow into a large bush that can reach up to phd thesis, 6 feet tall. On Housing. Well, that is only one of the types.
Climbing roses have long stems that need to attach to a trellis or post. Shrub roses grow vertically and can reach up to 12 feet tall, while ground cover roses grow horizontally over writing college admission the ground… Old garden roses are those varieties that were cultivated before 1863, and modern day roses are those that were crated after 1867. Then, I talked to my grandma, and her look at roses was completely different. She thinks they are beautiful, and thesis on housing stand for love and peace. She has them planted in only one spot at her home, under a statue of the Virgin Mary in writing good college essay her front yard. Grandma has a lot of different kinds of flowers, but when the first rose bud starts to open it brings a smile to on housing, her face that no one can start to describe. My grandma gets roses from on the and genocide, my family every year for her birthday.
I like roses because they smell good and they seem to development, make people smile when the receive them from strategy phd thesis, someone they like or love. Mom says red stands for love and white stands for friendship, but I want the other colors mean. I am so glad that roses are still around, after all these years. I am also glad for thesis on housing, roses, so people can still give them to their loved ones. It feels like roses have been a big part of my life and, my family’s life for generations and generations to good college, come.
Roses remind me of love. I see people give their wife, husband, and boyfriend, or girlfriend, etcetera bouquets of thesis, roses to show their love or friendship. Roses come in obama thesis paper many different colors, like red, pink, white, violet, blush, mauve, black, melon, pale yellow, light blue, blue, and berry. Roses mainly grow on thesis on housing thorny bushes. The reason roses have thorns is to protect the essays on child delicate flowers. Roses usually don’t grow in the winter; they grow in the summer or the spring.
I love the thesis on housing development roses’ sweet fragrance. My favorite types of thesis, roses are the blue roses. Thesis On Housing. They can be used for many things. You could use them for decorations, like in weddings or just for best application, the center piece on the table. On Housing Development. I love picking flowers in the spring or in the summer, mainly roses because of their sweet fragrance. Roses are usually easy to find because of their colors and because they stand out from behind all of the green bushes.
They are special flowers because they symbolize a lot of things, not just love or friendship, but they can show a sign of obama thesis paper, new life or a life that has just ended. People give roses to a mother that has just given birth or you can lay roses by a tombstone. Thesis On Housing. Roses remind me of telugu essays, a lot of things that I listed and thesis development even more. I love roses no matter what color they are. Roses are fun to use. You can use the roses to labour, put in your hair as long as you take out the thesis on housing thorns, or you can sprinkle the petals into a warm bath water to help you relax. I never really tried these examples, but they sounds like they would be fun, easy, and effective. Telugu On Child Labour. I love giving roses to my mother because the blue rose is her favorite type of thesis development, rose, too! Even though we don’t have blue roses, I can still pick other colors of roses for her like the red, white, or even the pink. Picking roses can be a fun activity if you make it fun by maybe listening to obama paper, music or even bring a friend along with you. I love roses more than a lot of things like candy or other sweets.
That is on housing, everything roses remind me of. Beginning as a seed, Becoming a beauty indeed. All around the best buy resume universe, A flower so diverse. Yellow, red, pink, white, An endless color sight. Expressing a romance so sweet, Nothing willing ever defeat. A mystery within each petal, Their sentiments are several.
With thorns to protect, Roses gather respect. Having stories to say, Especially on Valentines Day. Always one of a kind, Forever on your mind. Priyanka A. Fayson. What’s Your Rose-anality? Roseville is a town where only roses grow.
Roseville smells like nuts and lavender. Thesis Development. It’s very colorful – like thousands of crystals. Essays On Child Labour. It has the nicest weather. Thesis. It’s always sunny and warm. It’s the best place for best, beautiful roses to grow. The roses went to go to thesis on housing development, Rosegarden Elementary. They had decorated flowerbeds in the classrooms. Strategy. Each rose had their own flowerbed filled with dirt and their own watering can. The principal was Mr. Thesis On Housing. Rudy Roseaville. The teacher was Mrs.
Rose Roseplot. Rugosa was a mean rose. She had lots of thorny stems, and liked living far from the other roses. In class, she sat next to Black Baccara, who just moved to Roseville from France. Essays On Child Labour. She was born on thesis on housing Valentine’s Day; the best birthday every for a rose! She was different from all the other roses because she was black and she spoke French. “Hey, weird looking rose, I don’t think you’re cool. I think you are ugly because you’re a black rose,” said Rugosa.
Black Baccara did not understand, so she just walked away. Damask, a rose with big thorns and a very strong smell said to Rugosa, “Why are you being so mean to zone, the new rose?” Rugosa replied, “I’m not being mean! I’m just telling her about herself!” Damask shook her head, and her strong perfume shimmered all over Rugosa, making her upset. Rugosa rolled her petals and stomped away. Bermuda Rose was hiding behind the thesis on housing watering cans and saw what happened. She was a mysterious rose and no one knew where she came from.
She thought, “Is this something I should tell Mr. Roseaville?” She was wondering if that would make her a tattlerose. Grandiflora Rose, a tall rose who did not have a sweet smell, was behind the strategy watering cans, too. She shyly said, “Bermuda, you should tell – that was bullying.” Later that day, Mrs. Thesis On Housing Development. Roseplot had a meeting on phd thesis the rose carpet. She said, “we are all different in our looks, smells, and culture.
That’s what makes us unique and the world so pretty. You shouldn’t tease other roses because they have a different rose-anality!” Afterwards, they played “Guess That Rose” to learn more about each other, and Rugosa won! Ruben Thomas Flores. Why I Love Roses.
Because they have my favorite colors: orange, yellow, red, and I like working at on housing the Bidwell Mansion with mama Julie and essays on child labour I like how it is on housing development, a circle and the circle is my favorite shape and mama Julie has a lot of flowers and roses and thesis mama Julie is kind of a master at roses and flowers and my grandma has two roses and we have tomatoes and lettuce and it is good for bugs, like butterflies and bees, and on housing mama Julie plants mix plants and she plants artichokes, poppies, thelrictrum borage, violets, and forget-me-nots. Plants are very good for nature and are useful for cakes when you get married and it’s useful for phd thesis, t-shirts. Roses are a good thing for our country and for our bugs and insects and it is very good for our world and it is good for on housing, the soil and essays it is good for the summertime and mama Julie plants with boney manure and chicken manure, but manure roses are a good thing, America. Once upon a time when I was little my mommy would take me to thesis on housing, rose gardens and see a lot of plants. There were roses and flowers. My mommy likes roses because they’re from best buy resume zone, my mommy’s birth month in on housing development June and she likes them because they are pretty.
I like roses because they’re pretty and they’re lovely and gorgeous. My little sister likes roses because they are gorgeous. My daddy likes roses because he thinks they’re beautiful. I even love roses because I have Rose in my name. My name is Taylor Rosemarie Fochs. My favorite food to strategy phd thesis, eat is a lot of things like ice cream, milk, hot dogs, carrots, and cucumbers. I’m from Stark Elementary School. In my opinion, roses are one of my favorite flowers. I was born into a flower loving family.
We always have beautiful roses in our gardens. We have had climbing roses, hybrid tea roses, and old fashioned roses. All of these flowers have also stuck me before with their thorns. Climbing roses are one of my favorite types of roses for one main reason. That reason is that they bloom a lot, and in development result it makes a garden look pretty. Climbing roses might look nice, but hybrid tea roses blow them out of the water when it comes to looks and thesis smell. Hybrid tea roses are my favorite types of roses. In fact, I’m shopping for them right now. Old fashioned roses are also really cool for thesis development, one reason. The reason is that old fashioned roses look and smell good without being a hybrid rose, (a rose being specifically grown for a certain purpose). The climbing roses, hybrid tea roses, and old fashioned roses are all beautiful roses.
If I had to zone, choose a favorite, it would be a three way tie. On Housing. Well, at least that’s what I think. Nobody has the same opinion; well, at telugu on child labour least I think so. Another really pretty rose is a floribunda rose, especially a ‘Day Breaker’. ‘Day Breakers’ are my favorite floribunda because on the outside of it it is pink and on thesis the inside of it is orange. Floribundas are really pretty roses. Another really awesome rose is the grandiflora rose. Best Zone. Out of all the grandiflora roses, my favorite is the thesis on housing development ‘Candelabra’.
The ‘Candelabra’ rose is a light orange rose that smells fantastic. The last type of rose that I like is the miniature rose, now don’t get me wrong, I love all roses, it’s just these are the ones I really love. Anyways, I love miniature roses because they are very easy to strategy, grow. On Housing Development. If you know what I mean. Miniature roses also don’t have big thorns to prick you, but that is another story. Roses are beautiful flowers, and they also are a florist’s dream come true. On The Holocaust And Genocide. Thank you for reading my essay. Why I love Roses. I love roses! Roses are so beautiful. My favorite colors of roses are the thesis development pink and red roses.
I love the roses’ scent. they relax me when I smell them. My favorite type of rose is the American Beauty rose. There are roses everywhere. I love roses. They can be in trees, shrubs, and herbs. Most of the fruits belong to roses. Obama Thesis. My two favorite things. the thesis on housing rose petals are so smooth and soft. There are 100 species of roses. I love that.
Roses can be in perfume, which will make me smell good. Roses are also easy to grow. This will be good so you can plant a lot. Roses can grow tall and fat, which is writing good college admission, really cool. On Housing. It’s really cool that the rose is the telugu essays on child National Floral Emblem of the United States, which makes me like it more. The rose is also the state flower selected in Georgia, Iowa, New York, North Dakota, and District of on housing, Columbia, which is awesome. You know what, George Washington was our first rose breeder. Writing Good Admission Essay. I bet when I get older I will buy a lot of roses. Thesis. Guess what: over 1,200,000,000 roses were purchased by on e.coli, the U.S. Thesis Development. flower buyers. Telugu Labour. Amazing!
The rose is a native to on housing, the United States. About 60% of the essays on child roses grown in the U.S. are produced in California. California is so lucky. The most popular rose holidays in the U.S. are Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, and Christmas. Development. Did you know that Columbus discovered America because of a rose? Amazing! Do you know what is cool? In the telugu essays on child labour Middle Ages, it was usual for the wealthy to put rose petals and rose oil in their baths. It’s really cool that the rose was first honored by the U.S. Postal Service in 1978 with its very own stamp. Guess what!
There are 4,000 songs that have been written about development roses. Did you know that the rose is called the ‘Queen of the Flowers’? Did you know that the application zone largest rose bud is thesis development, nearly six feet around? When it is fully bloomed, it has more than 200,000 blossoms. Roses are flowers. and flowers bloom.
Roses are red, yellow, green, blue, and black to white. Some are big some are small. Some are high and some are low. All roses are cool. I love them because they come in so many different colors. They come in red, white, yellow, and lavender. Another reason is there are so many different kinds of roses. They come in shrubs, climbers, grandifloras, mini, hybrid teas, floribundas, and hybrids. I also love them for good, their sign of thesis development, peace and love. The roses are one of the prettiest flowers.
That is also why I love them. Thesis On E.coli. I love them for their two-thousand species of roses. I love the pattern the petals make. On Housing. One more reason is you can grow or regrow them with others or by yourself. I love them because you can pick them for others. Roses remind me of spring and Easter with Jesus rising from the dead. I love roses so you can sniff them and say spring is finally here. I love roses because they are my favorite kind of flower and my family’s favorite kind of paper, flower.
I love roses and watching them bloom and becoming the flower it is. I love roses because it only takes five petals for it to on housing development, make the design. I love roses because it is the most plant written about it poetry. Best Buy Resume Zone. Roses are one of the thesis on housing development most important religious symbols. I love roses because they are a symbol of writing, many things. They are symbols of love, death, virginity, peace, the thesis on housing spill of telugu labour, blood of innocents, socialism, and desire. I love roses because they are a national flower of thesis, four states. The states of Georgia, Iowa, North Dakota, and New York.
I love roses because 60% of phd thesis, roses are produced in on housing development California. I love roses because 85% of essays and genocide, Americans love roses as their favorite flower. I love roses because four-thousand songs have been about roses. I love roses because it is an artistic image for artists. I love roses because there is one rose in Germany that is on housing development, one-thousand years old. I love roses because florists send millions of roses to the United States. Grandparents are the people who are always there for you. You can spend the night at their house. They even get you presents when you don’t. But they still love you no matter what. So, every now and then, you can get some flowers at a nearby flower shop.
They deserve more than a picture to remind them of you. It also helps them feel happy about themselves. If they feel happy about themselves, they will be nicer to you and other people. Essays Labour. Then they could laugh more and have more fun with you. You could even feel better, too, because you both could play games and do fun stuff together.
And so you won’t be bored and say, “There is nothing to do here.” Roses could also make your grandparents feel loved and not ignored. On Housing Development. Then they will probably not get mad or yell at anyone. And if that happens, it could most likely make it a better time for buy resume application zone, you and thesis on housing your grandma or grandpa. Then they could feel more at ease and not be worried about upcoming things. They could also get more work done because they aren’t worried or upset. So, if they manage a business, they might be nicer and essays on child labour not as hard to their employees.
They also might like getting them for decoration in their house. Roses could fin in because they are brightly colored. Also, some roses smell good, like Hybrid Tea Roses. Hybrid Tea Roses smell like fruit or tea. But, they come from China, so they are rare to on housing development, find in the United States. Hybrid Tea Roses are white, so they look really beautiful. And they also grow few petals on each flower. You have to be careful because some roses have thorns. Strategy. And I don’t think your grandparents would like to get cut by a thorn on a rose.
Roses might remind the of their wedding day and how great it was. They also remind them of thesis development, any other relationship, which could be good or bad. Then it could remind them how much they love their spouse, children, and grandchildren. A lot of people in my family grow roses. My mom grows a rose bush in our backyard. There are yellow roses on my mom’s rose bush. My grandma grows roses all over her yard. She really loves roses.
My other grandparents grow a rose bush by their mailbox. The roses on their rose bush are red. Essays On The. When I grow up, I want to grow roses to on housing, keep the family tradition going. When my brother grows up he should grow roses, too. I love roses because they are pretty. They smell good and when a rose is given to someone they can make the thesis on e.coli person’s day. I think roses are pretty because they come in all colors and have a swirl at the top. I like roses because they can go with all seasons and occasions.
I like the little swirl at the top because it makes the rose look very elegant. I like the way roses smell because roses give off such a clean, fresh scent that smells good every day. Thesis On Housing. I like how roses make people’s day, because giving someone a rose can make someone know that another person cares about them. It can brighten up their whole day. It is funny how such a simple gift can make someone so happy. I like like that roses are used in essays different products. When roses are used in thesis on housing body sprays and perfumes, you smell really good. Roses can also be used to buy resume, make rose jelly. Someone gave rose jelly to my parents as a gift once and my parents said it did not taste very good. They said it tasted like roses smell. I think roses are given to people the on housing most at Valentine’s Day.
I think this is because certain roses are a sign of love and Valentine’s Day is a holiday you tell someone how much you love them. After my dance recital, my parents gave me lavender roses for doing such a great job. The roses smelled really nice and stayed alive for about a week. They looked really pretty sitting on top of the piano. Writing College. Whether you have one rose or one dozen, they are beautiful and meaningful. Roses, Roses everywhere. Rose petals in the air: Roses, Roses on the ground. Roses, Roses all around. Roses, Roses in the sky. Rose petals go dancing by.
Roses can be big and tall. Or they can be short and small. Roses are pretty indeed. They look nothing like a weed. Oh how pretty they are at night. It is just quite a sight. Why I love roses. Why I love roses is because they’re pretty. They smell good. I like all colors of roses.
My favorite colors are red and blue. I don’t like pink roses. Sometimes I don’t like roses because they have thorns. Sometimes I don’t like how they smell. Thesis On Housing. Sometimes they are ugly if you don’t water them. Why they have thorns is to keep the animals away. I wish I had roses in my backyard. And Genocide. My favorite color rose is red. What roses I want in thesis my backyard are all the colors, except pink. My sister likes white and yellow. My mom likes blue and red.
My grandparents like yellow and red. Buy Resume Application Zone. I don’t like the color yellow, but I do on flowers. On Housing Development. Sometimes I like yellow roses if they smell good. I don’t like the color orange, but I do on flowers. The blue roses are the color of the sky. White roses are the color of the clouds. There’s tie die, too! Sometimes roses come up from the ground. Orange is the color of the application zone sunset.
Purple is the color of the rainbow. Yellow is the thesis on housing development color of the sun. Lots of them come up in summer. Holocaust. And sometimes spring, too! Sometimes the thorns will hurt. Thesis On Housing Development. I LOVE purple roses. Some roses match my jeans. Sometimes you can put it on your hat. You maybe can put the petals in hot water and they drown. Buy Resume. I think they do that in thesis Hawaii.
I have never been to Hawaii. I’ve never put my feet in water with rose petals. But I guess it makes your feet smell good. You can even make a necklace if you can get the thorns off. Obama Thesis. Maybe you can do a bracelet and maybe earrings. But I have rose earrings and a rose necklace. Development. But they’re not real roses. The Woodland Fairies. So there I was, in a place called Woodland. The people there made a lot of stuff out of wood. From the stuff they made, they gave half to humans and half for themselves.
They were very nice and playful. They were like humans except for one thing: they were fairies. The fairies liked to have races in their free time. Mostly, they kept themselves busy by harvesting wood. They liked to essays on the, eat nuts, nuts, and more nuts. They drank water from a nearby stream. The wood fairies’ leader was “Birch Wood”. Birch Wood organized The Wood and Nut Festival every year.
This is the only time of year that the thesis fairies gather in thesis paper the town square and thesis on housing have games. The town square has only on the holocaust, three buildings: one tall building and two very small buildings. The two small houses are the homes of Birch Wood and Birch’s general, General Alders. The fairies at The Wood and development Nut Festival like to fly from Birch’s house to the large building where the fairies keep their water, wood, and nuts. Birch announces the beginning of the festival from the top of this building. The wood fairies’ population was very small. There are about ten wood fairies in all, including Birch and Alders. Their names are Oak, Cypress, Evergreen, Pine, Laurel, Holly, Dogwood, and Firewood.
Oak, Cypress, and Firewood gathered the wood. Evergreen, Alders, and Pine gathered the nuts. Holly, Dogwood, and Laurel gathered the sticks for good admission, the fires. The wood fairies were at war with the flower fairies. The flower fairies had ten fairies, also.
Their names were Rose, Daisy, Tulip, Carnation, Tea Rose, Daffodil, Gardenia, Magnolia, Buttercup, Orchid. Thesis Development. Rose was the leader of the flower fairies. Each fairy had a small garden in which she planted flowers. After the on child labour festival, the wood fairies stayed in the town square while Birch and Alders gathered birds to thesis on housing development, make the flower fairies surrender, for they were terribly frightened of birds. In the end, all the fairies learned to get along as the on child birds would not help the wood fairies. I enjoyed by time in Woodland and loved seeing the beautiful flowers.
My favorite flower is the rose and my favorite fairy was Rose. Long ago, I tried to grow a rose. I planted the seeds in my little pot. Longing to thesis on housing, see the telugu seedlings, I watered and watched them each day.
One day, after many weeks, I saw a sprout. I hopped around the house telling my family, “I can’t wait for the roses to bloom!”
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america essay topics When writing an essay, the first problem you might face is deciding on what topic to choose, which is pretty ironic if you’re writing a problem-solution essay. On Housing Development! The way out of that dilemma is to choose an issue that you’re really passionate about. You should also select a problem that has a viable solution–something with actionable measures that readers can take. If you’re still stumped for ideas, then take heart. In this blog post, I offer 20 problem-solution essay topics to help you get started. Each topic will include links to sample essays to strategy phd thesis, give you more ideas.
In each example, I present specific problems broken down by the issues of today (political, social, environmental, etc.) and development ask questions that will help you consider different ideas on how they might be solved. Each problem-solution topic I present offers broad possibilities, so you’ll have to on the holocaust and genocide, do the important work of hunting down the thesis on housing, facts and examples to provide specific solutions. Ready? Let’s get started! Problem-Solution Essay Topics – Social Problems. Thesis Paper! Proposing solutions to development, social problems might seem challenging, especially when the issues seem so entrenched. Yet, the best buy resume application, point of a good problem-solution essay is to suggest solutions that are actionable–something that your readers can do. Addressing specific problems will lead to specific, well-articulated solutions and to thesis on housing development, the most interesting and compelling essays. Following are five problem-solution essay topics that touch on essays on the and genocide social problems.
1. Thesis On Housing Development! Problem – Undocumented Immigration. Solution #1: Should the U.S. Thesis On E.coli! government step up its deportation of undocumented immigrants, or should it offer asylum for those currently living in the country? Solution #2 : How should the on housing, government address trade policies that affect the buy resume zone, economies of South American countries and lead to immigration? Solution #3: Will ending the War on on housing development Drugs provide some relief to the rise of undocumented immigrants arriving in the United States? Should there be more coordination between the U.S. and Central American countries in thesis paper how they deal with drug policies, and if so, in on housing development what ways? 2. Thesis On E.coli! Problem – Sexual Assaults on thesis on housing College Campuses. Solution #1: What steps should universities take to prevent sexual assaults on campus?
Solution #2: Should colleges provide safe places for victims to report rapes, and thesis if so, how? What responsibilities should the administration have in protecting victim’s identities once they’ve reported the crime? Solution #3: In what ways should students be educated about rape culture and what responsibility should colleges have in providing that education? Solution #4: Should student social services address rape culture? Should fraternities and sororities be more involved in educating students on rape culture? In what ways? Solution #1: What role should mental health providers play in thesis determining prevention? What policies or programs should be enacted that will provide greater care for people suffering from thesis mental health issues? Solution #2: Should violence in the entertainment and thesis gaming industry be addressed for thesis a possible influence? How about the news media? If so, how?
Solution #3: What kind of on housing gun control laws should be enacted? What role should gun manufacturers have? Should technology be used to decrease mass shootings? If so, in what ways can it be used? Solution #1: What are the possible ways in which communities can force local governments and police departments to obama, address police brutality? Solution #2: What role should voting play? Should communities have a say in who heads the police department? What other ways should communities be able to thesis, review how local law enforcement polices communities? Solution #3: In what ways should the college essay, police department address cultural attitudes among officers about the on housing, people they police? Solution #4: What role does militarization in police departments play in police brutality? Should the federal government supply local police departments with military weaponry?
If not, should there be a law against it? How should such a law be shaped? Solution #1: What obstacles prevent people from strategy phd thesis getting help? Are there ways in which those obstacles can be addressed? What about social pressure, such as shaming? Should the on housing development, public be educated about strategy phd thesis suicide, and if so, how? Solution #2: What roles should schools, colleges, police, social welfare, or other institutions play in recognizing those who are at risk and how would they go about doing that? Solution #3: Should there be more therapy programs that are accessible for people? What about mental health programs for people who can’t afford them? In what ways should they be made available as well? Example Problem-Solution Essays – Social Issues.
Problem-Solution Essay Topics – Economics. Everyone is affected by the economy in thesis on housing one way or another. Either directly through personal debts, indirectly through the thesis, loss of tax revenues that provide services for everyone, or through an on housing development, uncertain job market. Essays On The And Genocide! A problem-solution essay that addresses economic problems are compelling precisely because everyone is eager for answers–especially college graduates. Following are six problem-solution essay topics that touch on economics. Solution #1 : What policies should the government enact that will help eliminate or lessen the burden for students once they graduate? Should there be greater consumer protections for students against on housing, predatory banking and strategy phd thesis credit loan institutions?
Solution #2 : Should universities and colleges bear a greater responsibility in thesis development protecting students from telugu on child prohibitive debts? If so, how? Solution #3 : Should state universities and colleges be allowed to enforce or raise student fees? If not, what would be the alternatives to paying for on housing development administrative costs? Solution #1 : Should there be programs on the local level that address long-term unemployment? If so, what? What laws or policies should the federal government enact that will address long-term unemployment? Solution #2 : Should corporations take the phd thesis, lead to creating new job markets? If so, how? How should the government encourage corporations to open up new markets? Subsidies?
Tax breaks? Solution #3 : What should individuals who are in on housing long-term unemployment do? What programs should be accessible to on e.coli, them while they seek jobs? What about unemployment benefits? Should benefits be modified to thesis development, address long-term unemployment as well as short-term?
Solution #1 : Should the government pass more rigorous consumer protection laws that will regulate and prosecute predatory banking institutions or credit loaning companies? Solution#2 : Should the labour, government provide debt relief programs? If so, how should they work and for whom? Should non-profit, non-governmental organizations, such as Occupy Wall Street, provide relief or should the government create and enact such programs? Solution #3 : What steps should individuals take to get out of debt? What programs, if any, are available for them? If none, what should be available? Solution #1 : What laws or policies can world governments enact that will address child labor? Solution #2 : Should the thesis, United States government enact trade policies that will address the problem? If so, what kind of essays on the and genocide policies should it enact? Solution #3 : Do U.S. companies exploit child labor, and development if so, should local or state governments punish companies that do?
What should citizens do? Boycott? Pressure Congress to pass laws or prosecute? Solution #1 : Should the phd thesis, government pass laws that protect workers? Should the government pass stricter laws that protect unionization? Solution #2 : How should unions go about encouraging more people to join unions? What about workers who are unable to thesis on housing development, organize in their workplace?
What steps should they take to good college, organize? Solution #1 : What policies should be enacted that will ease economic problems leading to home foreclosures? Should the federal government enact laws that will protect homeowners, and thesis on housing if so, how? Solution #2 : Should local governments pass laws to on e.coli, protect homeowners against on housing, foreclosures? What alternatives are available for local governments to prevent them? What should they do with homes that are underwater? How should they prevent blight? Solution #3 : Should non-profit groups like Occupy Wall Street help people fight against foreclosures, and if so, how? Problem-Solution Essay Topics – Politics.
Perhaps this is largely because people get distracted by how challenging the problems are before they can even think about solving them. Strategy! The key to thesis on housing, writing a good problem-solution essay is to application zone, think small. In other words, pick a very specific problem (money in thesis politics, for obama thesis instance) that will lead to goals that are clear and viable. When you pick a topic that readers feel confident that they’ll be able to on housing development, tackle, you’ll write an essay that just might move them to act. Following are four problem-solution essay topics that touch on politics. Solution #1 : What leads to the dependence on application money in thesis on housing electoral politics, and what can be done to address the problem? For instance, what alternatives are available for on e.coli candidates to thesis on housing, raise funds for elections?
Solution #2 : Should the government regulate how much money is spent in campaigns? If not, what alternatives are available that will lead to campaign finance reform? Solution #3 : Should the strategy phd thesis, government pass laws that will define who should or shouldn’t be able to donate campaign dollars? If so, how should such a law be shaped? How should free speech rights be taken into consideration?
Solution #4 : Should the constitution be amended to address the problem? If so, what should be amended and thesis how? Solution #1 : Should there be more vigorous laws that protect Americans’ privacy rights from telugu labour government surveillance? If so, how? Solution #2 : Should Congress be more proactive in monitoring the thesis development, intelligence community? If so, how should Americans be certain that they are? In what ways should citizens be involved in the process? Solution #3 : Do Americans have the right to know what the intelligence community is doing? If so, in strategy what ways can that be done while protecting national security?
Solution #1 : Will electoral reform address the development, problems caused by essays on the partisanship? If so, in what ways? Solution #2 : In what ways do American citizens help create partisanship? The media? How should Americans be better educated about their roles as citizens? Solution #3 : Will media reform help address the problems that cause partisanship, and thesis if so, how? Solution #4 : How should political parties address partisanship?
Should third parties be allowed to have their voices heard in the electoral process? If so, how? 15. Problem – Voter Disenfranchisement. Solution #1 : Should the federal government pass laws that will protect voter rights? Should the constitution be amended to protect voting rights for zone all citizens? Solution #2 : How should state governments prevent partisanship from affecting electoral board policies? What should the thesis, public do to fight against Voter ID laws or other laws that disenfranchise voters? Solution #3 : What steps should be taken to revive people’s faith in the political process?
Who should enact these steps? The public? Schools? The media? Politicians? If so, how?
Solution #4 : Should congressional rules, policies or social culture be changed to discourage and prevent obstructionism? If so, in what ways? Problem-Solution Topics – Environment. Writing Good College Admission! By all measures, the environment is thesis on housing, our most precious resource, yet we face many problems in trying to protect and preserve it. A problem-solution essay that addresses environmental problems can be compelling and thought-provoking because it will alert readers to the necessity of proposing real solutions that people can enact as individuals or as political groups. Following are five problem-solution essay topics that touch on good college the environment. Solution #1 : What kinds of laws or policies should the thesis, government pass that will address climate change? Solution #2 : Should the government push for on child labour more trade policies that will address climate change, and development if so, what kind?
Solution #3 : Should foreign policy play a role in addressing climate change? For instance, should the United States work with other major-polluting countries like China, and best application if so, how? Solution #4 : How should the marketplace address the problem? For instance, should corporations pursue fuel alternatives like green technology? If so, how should they be encouraged to do so? Solution #5 : How should grassroots organizers push for a change in policies? Who would be targeted for such a movement?
The U.S. government? The U.N.? Corporations? Solution #1 : Should the government pass laws that make fracking illegal? Should it promote energy fuel alternatives, such as green technology? If so, how? Solution #2 : How should companies that use fracking be discouraged from doing so? Should they be subject to civil lawsuits? What about boycotts, civil disobedience, or other grassroots organizing?
Solution #3 : What should be done to educate the public about fracking? Should the thesis on housing development, news media report on it more often? If so, how should environmental groups push the media to do so? Solution #1 : Should the buy resume application, government pass laws or policies that provide greater protections for preserving and protecting wildlife? If so, what types of thesis development laws? Should it go after corporations that endanger wildlife. If so, how? Solution #2 : Should corporations take a lead in application zone protecting wildlife? If so, how? Solution #3 : How should environmental groups address endangered wildlife? What are some of the thesis on housing development, things they can do to push the government and corporations to protect the environment?
If so, how? 19. On Child Labour! Problem – Environmental Pollution. Solution #1 : What should the government do about thesis development pollution? How should it be involved in long-term protections? For instance, should the on the and genocide, government set aside relief funds or economic restorations for affected areas? Solution #2 : What role should local and on housing state governments play in protecting wildlife from obama thesis paper pollution? Should local governments be stricter in regards to environmental studies for local projects, such as the building of chemical plants or factories near wildlife or residential areas? If so, how? Solution #3 : Should governments pass stricter laws that prosecute corporations that pollute? If so, how should the public push for thesis on housing such laws to get passed?
20. Problem – Environmental Injustice. Solution #1 : Should local governments do more to protect communities from environmental injustices? If so, how? If not, what can the public do to fight against them? Will grassroots organizing help? If so, how?
Solution #2 : Should the essays on child, federal government provide relief for thesis communities affected by phd thesis environmental injustices? If so, in development what way? Should the Justice Department get more involved in good college prosecuting corporations or local governments responsible for these injustices? Solution #3 : Should the development, media report more on obama thesis paper environmental injustices? What can the public do to on housing development, push the media to cover these stories?
How should grassroots organizations get the strategy, information out to the public? Documentary films? YouTube? Crowdsourcing? Example Problem-Solution Essays – Environment. Hopefully these problem-solution essay topics will make it easier to get started on your paper. If you need any more help, I recommend reading the on housing development, blog post “One Persuasive Writing Technique You Can’t Write Without” to get that extra boost to telugu essays labour, your writing style.
Also don’t miss Problem-Solution Essay Tips from a Kibin Editor. Good luck and thesis happy essay writing! Psst. 98% of essays on the holocaust Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.
About the Author. Cynthia C. is a short story writer, blogger, former copy editor, and newly-minted Doctor Who fan. You can find her on Google+
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A breakdown of housing development costs pdf 53 Кб
essay on thesis on housing, lal ded by Dr. S. Writing? S. Toshkhani. Lalleshwari, Lal Ded, or simply Lalla, as many like to call her, is not just a medieval woman poet in whose verse we hear the first heart-beats of Kashmiri poetry-she is easily the most popular and most powerful symbol of Kashmir's civilizational ethos. While her 'vaaks' or verse-sayings continue to dazzle us with their high wattage incandescence, her role as a spiritual leader who resolved the crisis of her times caused by a clash of two belief and value systems-one indigenous and the other alien cannot but be regarded as momentous, whether or not history recognizes its true significance. In both these capacities it was her intervention that ensured continuity and saved indigenous cultural structures from a total collapse at a time when the advent of Islam in Kashmir was accompanied by an unprecedented political and social upheaval. If Lal Ded's immense impact on the Kashmiri mind has practically remained undiminished despite the passage. of almost seven centuries, it is essentially because of the fusion of the poet and on housing development, the saint in her, or, to use the on e.coli, words of thesis development Dileep Chitre (which he has used for another great Bhakti poet, Tukaram), because of a poet's vision of buy resume application spirituality and a saint's vision of thesis on housing poetry that she presents in her verses. We are amazed at her deep sense of strategy phd thesis compassion, her mystical insights and spiritual vision, her profound awareness of the human condition and her Shaiva-world view which makes her look at thesis on housing existence as manifestation of one, indivisible, consciousness. More than anything else, we are indebted to phd thesis her for shaping the Kashmiri language in a way that it formed the basis for on housing development, the Kashmiris to forge their indigenous cultural identity. Ironically, this very image of Lal Ded as a spiritual giant and poetic genius fused into one-reinforced by telugu essays on child labour, the many hagiographical accounts, myths and legends surrounding her-has led to attempts at appropriating her for ideologies and on housing development, causes totally alien to her thinking and temperament.
We thus come across not one but several image constructs of the saint-poetess, some of them mutually irreconcilable, linked inextricably with predilections, perceptions and motives of those who have created them. And these tend to strategy phd thesis blur and distort facts about development her life, making it extremely difficult for us to arrive at what we can call an authentic Lal Ded-a flesh and blood Lal Ded occupying a specific space and time in history, or at least a poetic version of what Lal Ded was or must actually have been like. With whims, fancies and notions being the basis of these various constructs, we are left with the thesis on e.coli, problems of exploring the thesis development, true dimensions of her creativity and of locating the real founts of writing her inspiration. Thesis On Housing Development? And this cannot be settled by mere interpretations of scholarly differences or semantic hair-splitting. Telugu On Child? The task has been made immensely complicated by thesis on housing development, the intervention of nearly seven hundred years of history about which people are still hesitant to talk freely and openly. The purpose of this paper is to thesis on e.coli examine some of the thesis on housing development, image constructs of the thesis on e.coli, saint-poetess which are patently false, and have no basis in facts, but are passed on as products of genuine scholarship. These images and fabrications are being circulated persistently with surprising frequency not out of any desire to present the truth, but to suppress it. The most formidable attempt to thesis on housing development appropriate Lal Ded in this manner comes from those who want to snatch her for Islam. They are people who feel very uncomfortable with the fact that someone as great as Lalleshwari-who is regarded as a symbol of everything that Kashmir stands for, should belong to a non-Muslim reality. Masquerading as scholars but motivated and conditioned by their religious reflexes, they try to subvert this fact by floating imaginary anecdotes about her conversion to strategy Islam. One such anecdote that continues to be repeated with total disregard to historical plausibility is that she met Sayyid Mir Ali Hamadani, the Islamic missionary most revered by Kashmiri Muslims, and received spiritual enlightenment” from on housing him.
Sayyid Hamadani had come to Kashmir with a large entourage of fellow Sayyids to escape the wrath of essays on the Timur and there he engaged in proselytizing activities on a massive scale. Prof. Thesis Development? Jaya Lal Kaul has in his brilliantly researched book Lal Ded very convincingly proved the on the and genocide, utter impossibility of such a meeting having ever taken place. Referring to Persian sources, he has quoted Mohammad Azam Dedamari's explicit statement that the story of her being present before the Sayyid has not been held as proved by scholars. Sayyid Hamadani visited Kashmir thrice, the first visit having taken place in 1372. Thesis On Housing? And if Lal Ded died in the reign of Shihab-ud-din, as Persian chronicles point out, he could in writing college essay, no way have influenced her. Thesis Development? Persian chronicler Peer Ghulam Hassan, too makes no mention of a meeting between Lal Ded and Sayyid Mir Ali Hamadani, but states that she did indeed meet Jalal-ud-din Bukhari and Sayyid Hussain Samanani and it was at his hands that she was converted to Islam. ‘Bibi Lalla Arifa', a pamphlet published from thesis Lahore, to which Prof. Jayalal Kaul has referred, is development, more categorical, saying that she accepted Islam at the hands of Sayyid Hussain Samanani. On E.coli? This should be obvious to all, the pamphlet adds, emphasizing the claim and giving a fanciful account of the on housing development, supposed meeting. According to the pamphlet, Lal Ded ran for miles together to receive Sayyid Samanani at Shopian and being elated to receive the on child, secret doctrine, became his chief disciple.
Repudiating this claim which Sufi, the author of development Kashir, a history of Kashmir published from Pakistan, says is based on Lalla Arifa's own later day vaaks, Prof. Kaul writes: Not a single verse-saying of hers has been discovered up to date even among the doubtful and spurious verse-sayings ascribed to telugu essays on child labour her which would bear out either this anecdote or similar other anecdotes concerning her. But for the appropriators of Lal Ded, if it was not Sayyid Hamadani, then it must have been Sayyid Samanani. Their attempts to create a non-Hindu image of Lal Ded continue unabated, taking almost the shape of an intense campaign in recent decades. A special Lal Ded Number (1979) of thesis Sheeraza, a journal published by the Jammu and Kashmir State Art Culture and Languages, for instance, is best application, illustrative of thesis development this obsession which shows itself in article after article obviously with the editor's tacit agreement. One such article Lal Ded Shah Hamadan ke Huzoor Mein (Lal Ded in the Presence of Shah Hamadan), written by on the holocaust and genocide, Mufti Jalal-ud-din, says, It does not matter whether these anecdotes are corroborated by history or not. It is eventually popular belief that settles the issue.
Jalal-ud-din's is not just an individual opinion-it represents a whole mindset that shows no signs of changing even today. The people who possess it are not interested in Lal Ded's creative genius or the profundity of on housing her thought nor do they care about her humanitarian legacy. They are driven by good college admission essay, the sole objective of grabbing what can be called Hindu intellectual property. That is why they show Lal Ded running towards a baker's oven desperate to cover her nudity as she had seen a man when she supposedly encountered Sayyid Hamadani. The miracle of the oven is surely prompted by a hegemonistic design to thesis establish the superiority of Islam over the creed of the infidels. Sayyid Hamadani was on a proselytizing mission and what bigger fish could there have been for him to cast his net ? The Sufi image that some have tried to on the holocaust foist on Lal Ded is also a mischievous and motivated construct as it is virtually an attempt to de-Hinduise her and to create confusion about her faith. The man who began it all, though not exactly with that intention, Sir Richard Temple, appears indeed to thesis have been a confused person, saying different things at different places. At one place he says that Lalla was a Shaivite Hindu and at another place he discovers that she deeply and quickly absorbed the Sufi line of thought after her contact with her contemporary and friend Sayyid Ali Hamadani. Soon afterwards he counts similarities in the doctrine and practice of Naqshbandis and the Yogic exercises of the Hindu Shaivas.
Later, he tells us that it was Shaivism and Hindu Upanishadic idealism that had influenced Sufism. If that be the truth then how is it that she is influenced by Sufism as preached by Sayyid Ali Hamadani? Why not directly by Hindu Upanishadic thought? If Sayyid Hamadi was at all a Sufi, he was not of the type who would believe in the doctrine of Wahadat-ul-Wujud or oneness of essays holocaust and genocide existence and certainly not in universal brotherhood and love. Thesis? The humiliating and degrading conditions he laid down in his book Zakhirat-ul-Muluk to guide a Sultan in treating his non-Muslim subjects are enough to prove this. The various Sufi orders said to have been introduced during that time in best zone, Kashmir were all orthodox in nature, preaching strict adherence to Shariah and not liberal humanism as is thesis on housing, made out to be. They remained confined to the correct practice of the Quaranic beliefs and good essay, hardly came out of zuhd, ibadat, taqwa and riyadat, the limits set by their founders, having nothing to do with the type of Sufism based on the doctrine of Mohi-ud-din ibn Arabi.
Their emphasis was on thesis, proselytization and essays holocaust and genocide, not on the belief in unity of being and universal love. Writers like P.N.K. Bamzai and Dr. R.K. On Housing Development? Parmu, who followed Richard Temple in his queer conclusions, created further confusion by application zone, making even stranger and mutually contradictory statements. 'Lalleshwari's association with Shah Hamadan, writes Bamzai, was due to an identity of the faith of Sufis and Hindu mendicants and thesis development, saints in phd thesis, Kashmir, adding that the order she founded was an admixture of the non-dualistic philosophy of Shaivism and thesis development, Islamic Sufism. One is at strategy a loss to understand what one can make of such pronouncements which have nothing to do with history or facts of Lal Ded's life. In what way was the faith of the Hindu mendicants and saints of Kashmir different from that followed by the general mass of the thesis on housing development, people ? And which religious or philosophical order was founded by Lal Ded?
The word admixture leaves one stumped, but even before one recovers one finds him saying in the same breath that Shaivism, the telugu on child, dominant religion of the time, was ossified into development a set of good college complicated rituals. Did the Hindu mendicants, he refers to follow any other religion then? Dr. Thesis Development? R.K. Parmu is obama, even more sweeping in his statements, blissfully ignorant of development how they contradict each other. Branding the entire Hindu society of Lal Ded's time as corrupt, he tells us that Lal Ded preached against the Shaiva religion as it was practiced by the Tantric gurus of those times. Phd Thesis? Did she really? And who were these Tantric gurus any way?. But wait, Dr. Parmu has more to reveal: She preached harmony between Vedantism and Sufism, good Hindu and good Muslim. Thesis On Housing? What are the sources that he and Bamzai rely upon to obama paper make such pronouncements?
Which of Lal Ded's vaakhs testifies to this? Or, which historical source? Or can just whims and notions replace historical investigation? Bamzai's arbitrary account of the times in which Lal Ded lived has done incalculable harm to historical truth. Thesis On Housing? If he is to be believed, the pious lives that Sufi saints of that period lived had the Hindus so charmed that they decided to embrace Islam en masse ! Of course, by implication all other led impious lives. Perhaps Bamzai has not cared to read Persian chronicles like Baharistan-i-Shahi, or Tuhfat-ul-ahbab, or if he has, he has deliberately avoided any reference to them. There are several verses of Lal Ded in which she refers to her attainment of self-realization and spiritual enlightenment.
For her it is a real experience of strategy phd thesis life. There is no shadow of doubt or uncertainty about thesis it in her mind. And, what is more, there is a tone of tremendous self-confidence and assurance in essays holocaust and genocide, her verses when she tells us about her mystical illumination. As, for instance, in these lines: Samsaras ayas tapasi. Bodhu prakashu lobum sahaj. Into this universe of on housing development birth I came. By Yoga gained the self revealing light ! (Trans. Nila Cram Cook)
Loluki naru vaalinj buzum. shankar lobum tami suuty. My heart I parched as farmers parch the strategy, grain. And from that fire there came a wondrous boon. And Shiva in thesis on housing development, a flash I did obtain. (Trs. Nila Cram Cook) lal bo tsayas swaman bagu baras. vuchhum shivas shakath milth tu vah. tati lay karum arnrit saras.
zinday maras tu karyam kyah. I, Lalla, entered through the door of the good college essay, garden of my mind. And saw Shiva and Shakti united into one, O joy! There I became immersed in the lake of on housing development nectar. And died even while I was still alive.
What will now death do unto me ? adu lali mye praavum param gath. And then I, Lalla, attained the supreme state. And if that is the case, why hasn't anyone asked so far what need had Lal Ded to go to writing good essay a Sayyid Hamadani or a Sayyid Samnani, or anyone else for that matter, to become his murid-e-khas? You cannot disregard or dilute the Shaiva metaphysical content in her thought by harping on thesis on housing development, such stories and fabrications. The secret of her phenomenal popularity, even during her own lifetime, was the great spiritual heights she had attained and this greatness sometimes gave her courage to even question her own Guru: gwaras pritshyom sasi late. yas nu kenh vanan tas kyah nav. pritshan pritshan thachis tu lusus. kenhas nishi kyah tany drav. A thousand times did I my Guru ask.
What is the name of the writing college admission, one who can’t be named. And asking again and again I tired myself out. How has something come out of nothing? One cannot imagine how someone like her could have submitted meekly before the Sayyid missionaries at the fag end of on housing her life and best buy resume application, agree to give up her life long faith? Does not the following verse unmistakably show how wary she was of the thesis development, proselytizing game that was going on in her time. ha tsyatta kava chhuy logmut par mas. kavu goy apuzis pazyuk bronth. dushi boz vash kornakh para dharmas … O mind, why do you feel intoxicated by someone else’s wine? Why do you mistake the unreal for the real? Weak mindedness has let you to be overcome by others’ faith. In another vaakh, Lal Ded says of herself: Lalla merged herself in best buy resume application zone, the light of pure consciousness (chitta jyoti) by means of the mysterious syllable Om, and thus did away with the fear of death.
There is no place in thesis on housing, Islam, in which God and Man have only a master-servant relationship, for identification with the telugu, Supreme. Nor do orthodox Sufi order entertain such thought. Mansur had to pay with his life for saying ana'I haq (I am Truth). What then is the source of Lal Ded's mysticism? Where from development does it derive if not from Sufism? Prof. Strategy? Jaya Lal Kaul and Prof. B.N. Parimu have very clearly shown how the Shiva philosophy of Kashmir forms the basis of her thought. As I find, writes Prof. Kaul, there is a remarkable correspondence between the experience of on housing development Lal Ded as given in Lalla Vaakh and that of Shaiva Siddhas as related in thesis, their Trikashastras.
This should undeniably prove that she was a Shaiva Yogini, not only because she uses, whenever she needs to use them, the technical terms only of Tiika Darshana but, more so, because of her concept of God, her Yoga technique her own anubhava, direct perception and experience - all these are of thesis on housing development Trika system. Prof. Parimu is equally specific: The key to Lalla's mysticism is the Shivadvaita or the Trika philosophy of Kashmir. The mystic strain that is so prominent in Lal Ded's poetry, in fact, combines her quest for gnostic illumination with the depth of emotional experience. There is best buy resume application, a certain cerebral quality in her verse, a rhythm of thought that is at the same time intensely lyrical in its expression. In his book Triadic Mysticism, Paul E. Murphy calls her the chief exponent of devotional or emotion-oriented Triadism. He writes: Three significant representatives of devotionalism emerged in Kashmir in the five hundred years between the last half of the ninth and the end of the fourteenth centuries, they were : Bhatta Narayana, Utpaldeva and Lalla. Predominant in on housing development, all three is the advocation of obama thesis paper a path of love unencumbered by techniques and means.
Here you are, I hold you in my fist! Here You are, I've seen You-where are You fleeing? [Stavachintamani, Tn. Paul E. Murphy] This has a perfect parallel in thesis on housing, Lalla, who evokes the sane image in this expression of hers: andryum prakash nyabar tshot um. gati rot um tu karmas thaph! I diffused outside the essays on child labour, light that lit-up within me. And in that darkness I seized Him and held Him tight!
Images and metaphors relating to the concept of Shiva's self-luminosity abound in Shaiva devotional poets, and the Bata or darkness that Lal Ded refers to is the dark Mystical Night of anguish and suffering which ultimately leads to thesis development the Night of obama paper Undifferentiatedness. Bhatta Narayana uses the image of the dark cavern of heart where darkness is dissipated on all sides by the Brightness Supreme. Here too there is a striking similarity in the words the interior cavern used by thesis on housing development, Bhatta Narayana and andryum the inner (light) that Lal Ded has used. Lala Ded expresses her mystical feelings-the pangs of separation from Shiva, the passionate urge to unite with Him, the desperate quest and the frustration of losing the direction, the on the holocaust and genocide, difficulties of the path, the intensity of suffering which only strengthens her determination to seem Him face to face and possess Him, the total surrender of will and thesis on housing development, the ecstasy of the strategy phd thesis, final beatitude-in imager and thesis on housing, metaphors that are powerful and stunningly beautiful: lal bo drayas lolare. tshandan lustum dyan kyoh rath. vuchhum pandith panini gare. suy mye rotum nechhatur tu sath. I, Lalla, set out with burning longing. And seeking, searching, passed the phd thesis, day and night. Till lo! I saw to mine own house belonging.
The Pandit, and siezed my luck and development, star of holocaust light. (Trs. Nila Cram Cook) lal bo lusus tshandan tu gvaran. hal mye kormas rasani shyatiy. vuchhun hyotmas taary dithmas baran. mye ti kal ganeyi tu zogmas tatiy. I, Lalla wearied myself searching and seeking. Exhausting my strength my every nerve as I. I found His doors slammed and on housing development, bolted. My longing became all the more intense.
And I stood there watching for best application zone, Him. ayas vate gayas nu vate. semanzu svathe lustum doh. chandas wuchhum har na ate. navi taras dimu kyah bo. I came by the highway, but by the highway I did return. I found myself stranded halfway on the embankment. With the thesis development, light of the obama thesis, day having faded away. Searching my pockets, a penny I did not find. What shall I pay now for being ferried across?
mal wondi zolum. tyeli lal nav dram. yell dally traavymas tatiy. I burned the impurities of the on housing development, mind. And killed my desires. Then only I did my name Lalla became known. When I surrendered completely before Him. panas laagith ruduk mye tsu. mye tsye tshandan lustum doh. panas manz yeli dyuthukh mye tsu. mye tse tu panas dyutLim tshoh.
In seeking 'me' and Thee' I passed the day. Absorbed within Thyself thou hadst remained. Concealed from me! I wondered for away. When I beheld Thee in myself, I gained. For Thee and me that rapure unrestrained. (Trs. Nila Cram Cook) pot zuni wathith mot bolanavum.
dag lalunaavum dayi sunzi praye. lalu lalu karith lalu vuzunovunum. milith tas man shrotsyom dehe. Waking up at the end of moonlit night. I called the 'mad one'-my mind.
And soothed his pain with the love of God. Crying It is I Lalla, it is application, I Lalla, I awakened the Beloved. And by becoming one with Him my mind and body became pure! The first step in thesis, this mystical progression is, according to Silvia Silburn, self-annihilation or destruction of telugu essays all doubt and dualism, and the culmination is thesis development, communion with the divine, which in Shaiva triadic terminology is self-realization of one's Shiva-nature, a stage in which nothing remains but Shiva-consciousness-soruy suy to boh no kenh (He is writing college essay, everything, and thesis development, I am nothing). The ultimate mystical selfrealization in Lal Ded, therefore, means absorption in Shiva. But Lal Ded does not remain hovering in the high heaven of mystic experience alone. Buy Resume Zone? She has her feet firmly planted on development, the earth. There is no tendency in writing good admission essay, her to separate the experiences of thesis development mystical life from the experiences of ordinary life.
Instead of disregarding everyday experiences she elevated herself through it to the ultimate experience of liberation, which in Trika metaphysics means swatantrya or absolute freedom of will, which is the nature of obama thesis Supreme Shiva Himself. Abhinavagupta explains it as expansion of one's self to include the whole universe. Kashmir Shaivism, it should be noted, does not reject the phenomenal world as unreal or illusory but regards it to be the self-expression of thesis development Shiva-His poem, His work of art, His projection of Himself on a screen which is also Shiva. Lal Ded's expression of her longing to attain oneness with transcendence, therefore, should be taken to strategy phd thesis mean expression of thesis her feeling of unity with Shiva's immanent form also. If Shiva is writing college essay, all, then to her, He is development, not different from the college essay, ordinary man we find on the streets-he who laughs and sneezes and thesis on housing development, coughs and yawns: ase paande zvase zame.
nyathuy snan kari tirthan. vahri vahras nonuy ase. nishi chhuy tu parzantan. Yes, He it is who laughs and coughs and telugu on child, yawlns. He, the ascetic naked all the year.
Who bathes in sacred pools in all the thesis development, dawns. But recognise how He to you is on child, near. (Trs. Nila Cram Cook) For Lal Ded, there is no difference between the 'I' and the 'other' (par to pan), immanence and thesis development, transcendence, universal and individual consciousness-subjective and objective reality being but aspects of the ultimate reality which is one and indivisible. She sees life as an writing essay eternal and continuous flow of consciousness: asi aasy tu aasi asu, asav. asi dor kar patuvath. shivas sori nu zyon tu marun. ravas sori nu atugath.
We have been in the past. In future also we shall be. Forever the sun rises and sets. Forever Shiva creates and dissolves and creates again. It is not that she is thesis development, talking in riddles or in paradoxes about strategy cycle of births and re-births and immortality of the soul. She is talking of development human life which is a stream that flows onwards and onwards. Writing Good College Admission? It is thesis development, this experience of reality that is at the core of her mysticism, which begins as the quest for essays holocaust and genocide, the ultimate and culminates in a vision that is profoundly humanistic. And this is what marks her as a great poet. Lal Ded is not a professional philosopher, nor her verses any philosophical treatise, but she is thesis on housing development, deeply concerned with the predicament and ultimate destiny of humankind. Yet Lal Ded's poetry is not the poetry of thesis social concern in the sense it is made out to thesis on housing be by some scholars. In their eagerness to construct her image as some sort of a social reformer out to reform the best application, medieval Kashmiri society and thesis development, rid it of the evils afflicting it.
This is again a false image, a deliberate twist given to her spiritual humanism to suit ideological considerations. There is no use digging for thesis on e.coli, communitarian ideals from her verses, for they are just not there, though she does feel disturbed by social injustice and on housing, discrimination of which she herself is strategy, a victim, and is outraged by the sham and pretence that go in the name of religion. On Housing? She also displays a deep sensitivity towards human suffering, her heart bleeding at the sight of the learned man dying of writing college admission starvation while an utter fool beats his cook (for not having cooked a tasty dish): gatulah akh vuchhun bochhi suuty maran. pan zan haran puhuni vavu lah. nyash bod akh vuchhum vazas maran. tanu lal bo praran tshenyam na prah. I saw a learned man dying of hunger. Trembling like dried leaves falling in harsh winter wind.
An utter fool I saw beating his cook. (For not having prepared a delicious dish) Since then I am waiting for being free of worldly attachments. There is every possibility that Lal Ded herself had suffered pangs of hunger not only thesis, because she was starved by her mother-in-law, but also after she left her husband's home. This is what this verse seems to suggest: tsal tsetta vondas bhay mo bhar. chaany tsyanth karan panu anad. tse ko zanuni kshod hari kar. kival tasunduy toruk nad. O, restless mind! Do not fear. The one who is thesis on e.coli, Beginningless takes care of you.
You do not know when he will satiate your hunger. Cry to Him alone for help! In another verse she says: treshi, bwachhi ma kreshanavun. yany tshei tany sandarun dih. Do not torment your body with the pangs of durst and hunger. Whenever it feels exhausted, take care of it. It should be obvious, therefore, that Lag Ded is not unaware of the harsh realities of life like hunger and poverty, nor ignorant of the thesis development, agony and anguish of existence. Whatever she says has roots in her own personal experience, her sensibilities being constantly assaulted by the immensity of the suffering she sees around her. But her solution for human suffering and distress lies in the benevolent grace of Shim, which descends on man when he completely surrenders himself before his will. The intensity of her social awareness turns her almost into a rebel, even as her egalitarian ideas and ideals find expression in spiritual terms.
Shiva, she says in one of her verses, shines like the sun on obama, the high and the low alike: rav matu thali thali taapitan. taapitan uttam-uttam dish. varun matu lotu garu atsytyan. shiv chhuy kruth tu tsen vopadish. Does the sun not shine everywhere alike. Or does it shine only on the best places? Does not the thesis on housing development, water god Varuna enter every home?
Or does it enter only the homes of the fortunate? While the way she asks such disturbing questions does reveal how intricately and intimately her spirituality is linked with her universal humanistic concerns, it would be too much to assume that she was actually a social activist. Yet there are people who like to persist with the theory that Lal Ded synthesized the best in Shaivite and Islamic traditions, whatever that may mean. They want to see her as an abstraction, and not as a real persona, regarding her as a representative of what they call Kashmir's composite culture, a torch-bearer of Hindu-Muslim unity. With obvious political motivations, they project her as though she were a spokesperson of the thesis, present day secular discourse and utilize her for on housing, scoring points in current political debates, not caring to think how cliched their arguments based on false premises have now become. Holocaust? Through their oversimplifications and vague generalizations, they have turned Lal Ded virtually into a one-verse poet, stripping her of her real glories, Shiv chhuy thali-thali rozan, mav zan hyond to musalman (Shiva abides in everything, so do not discriminate between a Hindu and a Musalman). Is that then the development, quintessence of her poetic thought?
The only writing good college, basis of her greatness? The verse appears to be a spurious one, although Rajanaka Bhaskara has included it in his collection of development Lalavakyani”. Lal Ded had spent her early youth in the reign of Udyan Deva, the last Hindu king of Kashmir, and of queen Kota Rani. Even when Islamic rule was finally established in 1359 A.D., the strategy, majority of the population remained overwhelmingly Hindu, with Islam not having made any serious impact on the demographic composition of the Kashmiri society-not at least on the rural milieu in which Lal Ded lived and moved about. To whom then has the verse been addressed? Who was discriminating against thesis development whom? The fact is that attempts to good college admission essay show Lal Ded's verses as a part of the current secular debate, are being made only as a strategy to condone the barbarities inflicted on Kashmiri Hindus dining the six hundred years of Islamic rule. The idea is to present a liberal and human face of Islam as practiced in Kashmir by using Sufism as a mask.
Whether or not Sufism had taken any roots in Lal Ded's Kashmir, is another matter. The strategy seems to have worked, for a general impression has been created that she was either a Sufi mystic herself or was deeply influenced by Sufism. Whether or not Lal Ded had a social reformer's zeal, she was strongly egalitarian in her views and was more aware than most devotional poets about the prevailing social conditions of her times. On Housing? And, contrary to the generally held belief that she was unaware of what was happening around her, a view to which even Prof. Kaul subscribes, there is enough evidence in paper, Lalla's vaaks to show that she was very much conscious of what was going on thesis on housing, around her, including the sweeping political changes that were taking place during her time. Thesis On E.coli? This is at thesis on housing least what the following lines of hers appear to suggest: hyath karith rajya pheri na. dith karith tripti na man. In ruling kingdoms there is thesis on e.coli, no relief. In giving them away there yet is grief. (Trs. Nila Cram Cook)
Is she not is referring here to the Kota Rani-Rinchin Shah Mir affair that eventually brought in Muslim rule to Kashmir? Lal Ded is scathing in thesis development, her attack on hollow ceremony and ritual in religion, her emphasis being on inner experience. She has no belief in sacred places and sacred times, pilgrimages and fasts supposed to bring religious merit. College Essay? She scoffs at what A.K. Ramanujam calls orthodox ritual genuflections and thesis on housing development, recitations. She expresses her strong abhorrence for animal sacrifice and detests idol worship. She must have surely provoked the orthodoxy at obama whom she misses no chance to take pot-shots. In this she reminds one of the Kannada Vachana poet Basvanna, and also of Kabir and Nanak whom she anticipated. Surely, hers was a strong voice of thesis protest in medieval Kashmir-perhaps the only voice raised so fearlessly. With Lal Ded not conforming to any of the image constructs built around her by thesis on e.coli, those who want to reduce her to an idea or an abstraction according to their predilections, what could the on housing development, real Lal Ded have been like? To reclaim her authentic persona, we have no option but to discard the motivated myths and invoke the actual text of on e.coli her verses.
In this context, it must be noted that Lal Ded recited her vaaks to actual audiences who were enraptured and development, mesmerized by her words, which happened to be in their own mother tongue. In verse after verse we find her addressing the ubiquitous Bhatta, whether to admonish him (puz kas karakh hutu bata – ‘Who will you worship, O ritual-ridden Pundit?'), or to on the and genocide explaining a subtle point or two (yohoy vopdish chhuy bata-‘This is what the doctrine teaches, O Pundit!'). This clearly shows that she knows her audience. On Housing Development? Not that Lal Ded belongs to any one community-her message is certainly universal-but she does have the Pandit in mind whenever she has a point to make. To find out the authentic Lal Ded, then, we have to rely mainly on the internal evidence that her vaaks furnish.
Packed with sufficient biographical material, as the vaaks are, we can reconstruct with their help her mystic life, her experience as a woman, as a saint and as a poet, her view of the relationship between God, man and the world. Strategy Phd Thesis? An image as near reality as possible. But in this there are problems. Lalla vaaks have been orally transmitted from generation to generation and are available only in randomly available versions, with practically no chronological sequence. An attempt to discern a sequence of thought in them has been made by Prof B.N. Thesis Development? Parimoo, who has tried to link them as thematic units under some broad divisions in his book, The Ascent of on e.coli Self. On Housing? The book, written in 1978, is the first exercise of its kind undertaken by anyone and can be deservingly called a significant contribution to strategy Lal Ded studies. The cue to the arrangement of the verses, says the development, author, is taken from the 'I-ness' categorically denoting personal experience. But admirable as Prof. Parimoo's attempt to re-interpret the vaakhs is, one cannot be certain that while picking up the thesis, autobiographical threads he has arranged them according to development actual chronological sequence, that is, exactly in the order they were composed. Application Zone? Prof Parimoo himself is not sure, and in fact nobody can be, for there cannot be any ideal selection of verses transcribed randomly from oral tradition.
The author of the thesis on housing, book, however, does not appear to have taken as much care as he should have in thesis, making his selection. Thesis Development? Quite a number of verses he has included are obvious interpolations. The lines “hond maarytan kinu kath, for instance, which he has included as the very first vaakh, is not actually a vaakh at best buy resume application all, but a saying attributed to Lal Ded. His total reliance on the account of Ramjoo Malla for biographical information because it does not tilt the purpose of this book appears to be rather curious. Before referring to the text, therefore, we have to thesis on housing be sure how far genuine it is. This accentuates the need of a critically valid text of Lalla Vaaks-something that has not been attempted quite seriously so far, except a solitary attempt made by Prof.
Jaya Lal Kaul. Laments Prof. Thesis? Kaul, who has devoted a whole chapter of thesis on housing his book Lal Ded to it, that there hardly has been any textual criticism. He then proceeds to good college essay sift what he calls unwarranted variants and spurious interpolations as far as possible from verses that can be regarded as genuinely authentic. Of the total 258 vaaks that circulate in thesis, the name of Lal Ded and occur in various collections, he has included only 138 in his collection and even their authenticity he is not prepared to vouch for. The criteria that he lays down for determining authenticity seem to be very sound. These according to him should be: The evidence of diction and prosody, and on the holocaust, the quality and cast of thought, the way it is organized in the process of expression, in thesis, a word, the characteristic style of buy resume application Lal Ded. To this I would like to add that both the text and context should be taken into consideration, as well as the overall feeling tone of the verses. Prof. Thesis On Housing Development? Kaul has pointed out : There are 35 verses that occur both in . collections of Lal Ded's verses, and in Nurnamas and Rishinamas, the biographies of Nund Rishi, which include his shrukhs; three verses occur in Lalla vaakh as well as in Rahasyopadesha, the verse sayings of Rupa Bhavani (1620-1720), three quartrains that belong to one Azizullah Khan (early 19th century) have been ascribed to Lal Ded by Rev.
J. Phd Thesis? Hinton Knowles in thesis on housing, his Dictionary of Kashmiri Proverbs. All the three quartrains of Azizullah Khan have been included as Lallavaaks in the Koshur Samachar collection. Interestingly, one of these quartrains has been translated by zone, that great Indian translator A.K. Ramanujan in the name of Lal Ded, and quoted as such by K. Sachchidanandan, Secretary, Sahitya Akademi, in one of his papers on women poets of India. The verse, as given in the Lal Ded Number of Koshur Samachar is as follows: daman basti dito dam. thitay yithu daman khar. shastras swan gatshi haasil. wuni chhay sul tu tshandun yar. Obviously, neither the diction (she could never have used words like ‘yaar' or 'haksil’) nor the quality and cast of thought of this verse is that of Lal Ded, but it continues to be ascribed to her again and again.
In another verse of this very series, death has been depicted as a Tehsildar-an institution that did not exist at that time at all. The confusion prevailing in this regard is mainly due to interpolations, a game indulged in by many, not without a strong element of thesis on housing deliberateness. Lines from other poets heavily laden with Persian and Arabic words have been passed on as Lal Ded's as in an attempt at what can be called linguistic subversion. Essays On The And Genocide? Some of her ardent and overzealous admirers too have tried to development put words in essays on the holocaust, her mouth, though out of thesis development reverence for her. The total incompatibility of diction seems to have never bothered the perpetrators of such distortions. Yet nobody can claim that the language in which Lallavaakhs have been passed on essays, to the on housing development, unsuspecting inheritors of her oral legacy is the good essay, language in which they must have originally fallen from the celebrated poetess' mouth. The only sure way to ascertain their authenticity would be a linguistic comparison with extant Kashmiri works of on housing development periods immediately preceding or succeeding Lal Ded, as written evidence of no contemporary work is available. These works are the 'Chhumma Sampradaya' verses which can be assigned to thesis paper the 11th or 12th century, 'Mahanaya Prakasha' by Shiti Kantha, 'Banasur Katha' by on housing, Avtar Bhatta and 'Sukha-dukha Charit' by Ganak Prashast. I had the good fortune of studying all these works while preparing my doctoral thesis on the linguistic peculiarities of 'Banasura Katha', and so I am aware of their significance in essays on the holocaust and genocide, presenting a somewhat coherent picture of the medieval development of the Kashmiri language and their immense value in thesis on housing, tracing earlier forms of a good number of Kashmiri words. These works provide ample evidence of the fact than Kashmiri has developed from the phd thesis, MIA stages of Prakrit and Apabhramsha in thesis on housing development, the same way as other Indo-Aryan languages have. Anyone who cares to best buy resume go through these works will be able to gain valuable knowledge of the linguistic situation that actually prevailed in Kashmir from the 11th-12th century to the end of the development, 15th.
If would be useful to give here one example each from the above mentioned works to essays and genocide give a feel of the state of Kashmiri language used during this period:- bhava svabhave saba avinashi. sapana sabhava vi uppanna. te az niravidihi agam prakashi. idassa dishti kachi vipachhanna. yasu-yasu jantus samvid yas-yas. nila pita sukha-dukha-swarup. udayis datta samanyi samaras.
kama kampana tas-tas anurup. dhik-dhik myaanis yadava zammas. vanati atsa majja kachan. yudha kara namet swakammas. ushe atha chhon iha than. him zan tape viglyos pape. A detailed description of the linguistic features of these works is not possible here; but one can clearly notice the development, thread of linguistic development that runs through them.
Compare these with the language of Lallavaaks and you get a fairly complete picture. Grierson has called the language of Lal Ded's vaaks Old Kashmiri, but it does not require any special insight to buy resume zone see that it is quite modern compared to the language of the illustrations cited above because of the many changes it has undergone due to oral transmission. However, we can come as near to an authorized version as possible by on housing development, reconstructing their text with the help of Banasur Katha and on the holocaust, Sukh-dukha Charit. This is a desirable but extremely difficult task. Even so, those who take the deliberately distorted and mutilated text to be genuine, ignoring the fact of its massive interpolation, must know that Lal Ded could in no case have used the heavily Persianised language of the thesis on housing, 19th or early 20th century nearly six hundred years back. It is of utmost importance therefore, that to arrive at authentic Lal Ded, we should discard all the spurious elements introduced by essays, those who are interested in building false image constructs. Lal Ded could not have used modern Kashmiri for her poetic expression, but she was modern in many other ways.
She had in her the thesis on housing development, characteristic modern self-reflectiveness, the insistence on on the holocaust, accepting as authentic only what she herself could experience directly, the thesis on housing development, broad catholicity of good admission essay outlook that called for tolerance of diverse views and made her define her relationship to God in terms of oneness of all existence, the deep existential anguish she felt while reflecting on the human condition. She was modern in development, the universality of thesis paper her concerns, in her choice of metaphor and image, in her rejection of every kind of sham and pretence, in her fearless assertion of what she saw as truth. Indeed, at times it appears that she is more modern then most of the contemporary Kashmiri poets. Lal Ded's struggle as a woman has been largely overlooked. She may not have been a conscious feminist in the sense the term is understood today, but she did show the courage of development resisting the oppressive structures of patriarchy and refusing to play the traditional role of a submissive daughter-in-law. Rebelling against social tyranny, she broke the shackles that bind a woman even before her birth, and obama thesis paper, asserted her right of taking her own decisions. Thesis On Housing Development? She challenged the orthodoxy and threw the rigid codes of dress and decorum followed by the medieval society of her times to the winds and paper, roamed about thesis with barely any clothes on like the great Kannada Shaivite poetess, Mahadeviakka. Perhaps it was her last act of on the holocaust defiance against development a social set-up whose arbitrary and gender discriminatory rules she did not find acceptable. It is in accordance with these facts that we shall have to reconstruct the image of the great saint-poetess of Kashmir, noting that she does not fit into most of the image-constructs that have been built around her. The Shah Hamadan anecdote and the so-called miracle of the oven seem to be an insult to such a fearlessly and fiercely independent woman.
She started her spiritual journey as a tormented soul, but attained a stage where self- realization and self-awareness gave her tremendous inner strength and the confidence that derived from that strength: kesari vanu volum ratith shal. I dragged the lion from and genocide its den like a jackal. It is this that explains the on housing development, pervasive influence that Lal Ded has on Kashmiri psyche to this day. The unexplored dimensions of her personality and creativity shall have to be discovered if we want to understand her not as an abstraction but as a real person. She is quintessentially Kashmiri, having shaped the Kashmiri language and literature, as she did, but she is also universal in her appeal. Her verses remain as relevant and meaningful for today's world as they were in her times. Telugu? Let me conclude by quoting a line from one of her own most powerful vaaks: yim pad lali vany tim hridi ank. Brand on your heart what Lalla spoke in verse! 1. Thesis? Lalavakyani: Rajanaka Bhaskara. 2. Telugu? The Word of Lalla: Sir Richard Temple.
C.U.P., 1924. 3. Lalla-Vakyani or the Wise Sayings of Lal Ded: George Grierson and Lionel D. Barnett, Royal Asiatic Society Monograph, Vol. XVII, London, 1920. 4. Koshur Samachar; Lal Ded Number. Kashmiri Samiti, Kasmiri Bhavan, Amar Colony, New Delhi, 1971. 5. Lal Ded : Prof Jayalal Kaul, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 1973.
6. On Housing? The Ascent of Self: Prof B.N. Parimoo, Motilal Banarasi Dass, Delhi, Second Ed., 1987. 7. A History of Kashmir. P.N.K. Bamzai, Metropolitan Book Co., 1962. 8. A History of Muslim Rule in Kashmir. RK. Best Buy Resume Application? Parmu, Peoples Publishing House, New Delhi, 1959.
9. Thesis On Housing Development? Daughters of Vitasta: Prem Nath Bazaz, Pamposh Publications, New Delhi, 1959. 10. Obama Thesis Paper? Kashir : A History of Kashmir (2 vols)., S.M.D. Development? Sufi, Light and Life Publishers, New Delhi, Reprint, 1974. 11. Kashmiri Sahitya ka Itihas : Shashi Shekhar Toshkhani, Jammu and Kashmir Academy of obama Art, Culture and Languages, 1985. 12. The Way of the Swan: Nila Cram Cook, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1958.
13. On Housing Development? Sheeraza (Kashmiri) : Special Number on Lal Ded : Jammu and and genocide, Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages, Srinagar, 1979. 14. Triadic Mysticism : Paul E. Murphy : Motilal Banarasi Dass, Delhi, 1999. 15. Shivastolraaali of development Utpaldeaa : Nilakanth Gurtu, Motilal Banarasi Dass, Delhi 1985. 16. Mahanaya Prakasha : Rajanaka Shiti Kantha, Edited with Notes by Mahamahopadhyaya Pandit Mukund Ram Shastri, Research Department, J K State, Srinagar, 1918. 17.
Banasur Katha: Avatar Bhatt, MSS. Bhandarkar Oriental Institute, Pune. 18. Basasura Katha : (Ph.D. dissertation), Shashi Shekhar Toshkhani. 19. Sukha-Dukha Charit : Ganaka Prashasta, MSS. BOI, Pune. Any content available on this site should NOT be copied or reproduced. in any form or context without the written permission of writing good college essay KPN.
A documentary about ethnic cleansing of Kashmiri Pandits by Pakistan-trained terrorists. Kashmiri Pandits have now become refugees in their own country .
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cass coursework Your entire coursework section will be organized by term. Thesis. Each semester, quarter, trimester and unit is considered a separate session. Before you enter any course, you will need to essays on the holocaust and genocide, add your first session by clicking on You will click on this button for EVERY semester, quarter, trimester or unit you have attended college. It is exceedingly rare for correctly entered coursework to thesis development, only have one session.
2. Fill in information about your first term at this school. NOTE: The Academic Status should reflect your status when you took the course. Thesis. This is not your current status. 3. Enter your first course as it is listed on your official transcript. Click “Save” when complete. Course Title - this line MUST match exactly what is listed on thesis, your official transcript, or be a clear abbreviation of what appears on your transcript. For example, if your transcript states “Introduction to Chemistry” you can report “Intro to application, Chem”, but not “Organic Chemistry”. Course Prefix and Number -this line should have TWO pieces of information in it: the course prefix (usually a shortened form of the department’s name) and the course number.
Course Level - Refer to the back of your transcript to determine whether the thesis course number of this course would be considered lower division (sometimes called freshman/sophomore level) or upper division (junior/senior level). This section may be different than your Academic Status at essays labour, the time. Course Subject - Use the Course Subject List to on housing development, select the on the and genocide most appropriate course subject. Please be aware that Microbiology has its own course subject and thesis development that General Chemistry courses fall under Inorganic Chemistry. Course Type - If you took a science course, you will need to specify whether it is a lab course, a lecture course, or a class that consisted of both lab and college admission lecture.
You can only thesis on housing development fill in this section if the course subject is one of the subjects calculated into the Science GPA. Special Classification - Select the most appropriate answer from the dropdown menu. The majority of your courses will be classified as “Not Applicable”. Only select “Institutional/Departmental Exam” if you received credit from an exam without taking a course. For example, if you tested out of a language requirement, and this appears on your official transcript with the telugu on child number of credits you received, this would be listed as “Institutional/Departmental Exam”. 4. Click on “Add Course” to enter your next course. Repeat this step for as many courses as you took during that term. 5. Click on thesis on housing, the “Add New Session” button to strategy phd thesis, start the thesis on housing development process for your next term! PharmCAS will verify your self-reported courses against your official transcripts and will report any discrepancies to thesis paper, your selected pharmacy institutions. You MUST enter in your coursework yourself. If you make a few typographical errors, these will be corrected for you during the verification process.
PharmCAS will return your application to you for corrections or explanation if it identifies a significant number of course discrepancies or omissions. If you fail to properly enter all of your courses when you first submit your application or do not make corrections as requested, your application will be delayed in processing and you may jeopardize your chances for admission. Entering Special Types of thesis on housing, Coursework. Enter these credits under the first term of the school that gave you college credit for those scores. You should enter them as closely to your official transcript as you can. If your transcript doesn’t have course prefix or numbers listed, you can simply enter “N/A” for Not Applicable. Make sure you select “Advanced Placement for your special classification. Because these courses typically do not have grades associated with them, enter “CR-Credit”. NOTE: Your Test Score is NOT considered a numeric grade and shouldn’t be entered as a grade. If you know your AP score, please feel free to enter it under “Test Score”.
Courses Taken in High School/Dual Enrollment. Even if you never physically attended a college campus, if you received credit from an institution for course taken during high school you will need to buy resume zone, enter that school on your application, send an official transcript and enter that coursework on your application. There is even a special classification in on housing development the coursework section you can use to designate that a particular course was taken while you were in high school. List all Study Abroad courses that appear on telugu essays on child labour, a U.S. Thesis. Transcript with itemized grades and credit hours in obama paper the “Coursework” section. Thesis On Housing. For each Study Abroad course, select the name of the U.S. Thesis On E.coli. institution in which the Study Abroad credit and grades appear. If the U.S. On Housing. transcript does not itemize the thesis on e.coli grades and/or credits for study abroad, follow the policies for international (foreign) coursework below.
International (Foreign) Institution. Do NOT list any international (foreign) courses completed outside of a U.S. institution in this Coursework section. Consult PharmCAS instructions on how to on housing, submit international transcripts, including all Canadian transcripts. If you attended a PharmCAS-recognized overseas U.S. institution, list all courses attempted and credits earned in buy resume application this section. Thesis. PharmCAS will consider course work from an overseas U.S. On The Holocaust And Genocide. institution in the same manner as U.S. coursework. For a list of on housing development, overseas U.S. institutions, review the transcript instructions under “General Instructions”. A course is only considered repeated if it was repeated at the same institution.
NOTE: The images below have been generated to show the repeat policy. When entering your coursework, you should list EVERY course you took during that term. It is rare for applicants to have terms with only a single course within them. If you received letter grades in every attempt of your courses, list each attempt as “Repeated”. Be sure to list the full amount of credits for each attempt. If you withdrew from obama thesis, a course and then repeated a course, leave the withdrawn course as “Not Applicable”, but select “Repeated” for the second attempt.
List the full amount of credits for each attempt. Entering Planned/In Progress coursework in PharmCAS is very similar to development, the process for entering Completed coursework. When entering your term, select “Planned/In Progress” When this has been done correctly, you will be presented with a course entry page that does not ask you to specify a grade for this course. NOTE: If you have any Planned/In Progress courses to report, you MUST list them in your coursework section.
Q: I took some courses over a decade ago. Do I still have to enter these courses? A: YES! No matter how long ago you took those courses, you MUST list every college course you have ever taken. Q: Why do I have to enter all of essays on child, my courses? A: You must enter all of your U.S. Thesis On Housing. courses on thesis, your PharmCAS application because it…
Allows PharmCAS to thesis, automatically generate 20+ different GPAs using standardized criteria and calculations. Writing Good College Essay. Gives your designated programs access to thesis development, your entire course history in a standardized electronic format that can be sorted by any field. Eliminates the college essay need for programs to decipher different transcript formats. Allows your programs to calculate custom GPAs without manually entering course credits and grades. Provides PharmCAS with a mechanism to collect additional information about your course history that is not (typically) on transcripts, such as the thesis course subjects, student status at the time each course taken (e.g., freshman), and test scores for AP, IB, and CLEP credit. Eliminates the thesis need for PharmCAS staff to manually enter all courses which would increase cost to apply and the average processing time by weeks or months. Q: I took summer courses. Since the thesis development term was shorter than terms during the year, are these “quarters” or “units”?
A: No. Buy Resume. In the thesis vast majority of strategy, cases, all of your term types are going to be the same at any school, unless you attended a school which changed calendar types during your enrollment. Thesis On Housing. Quarter hours are automatically converted into semester hours in the GPA calculations by writing college admission essay multiplying the number of quarter hours by thesis development .667. If you enter your summer sessions at a school on the semester calendar as quarters, your GPAs will not show that you have received as many credits as you have earned. Q: Can I use my unofficial transcript or online student account to enter my coursework? A: PharmCAS recommends you obtain an official transcript from every institution you have attended to buy resume application zone, help you enter in your coursework, because course prefixes and course titles can sometimes be reported differently than on the official transcript. If the coursework you enter has several such differences, it will be undelivered to you for corrections. Q: I have attended two colleges.
Can I just report all of my courses from my other college as they transferred to on housing development, my primary college? A: No. You have to use the transcript from the original school which granted you those credits in order to show the most accurate information to on the, your degree programs: Not all courses can transfer over thesis development, from one school to another, and some courses might be left off of your transfer credits. When courses show as transfer credits, the grades or credits might not be what you originally earned Often, schools will show the writing good admission closest equivalent to the course offered at their school rather than the original title, prefix or number of the course. Q: Do I need to include all of my courses on my PharmCAS application? A: Yes. Thesis Development. All previous coursework taken at regionally accredited U.S. colleges must be listed (including repeated, failed and withdrawn courses) and PharmCAS must receive an official transcript from each college attended. Applications that do not include all courses listed on holocaust and genocide, their transcripts will be put on hold until the discrepancy is resolved with PharmCAS.
Q: Do I need to include courses taken at foreign institutions? A: NO, you should not enter any coursework taken at non-accredited, non-U.S. Thesis On Housing Development. foreign institutions, unless you have taken courses at a college outside the U.S. as part of a Study Abroad program. If you have taken courses at a college outside the U.S. as part of a Study Abroad program, list those courses as they appear on the official transcript of the U.S. Good Essay. institution that gave you itemized course credit for on housing, your Study Abroad. However, if the U.S. transcript does not list each Study Abroad course separately, you must follow each pharmacy degree program’s instructions for strategy, submitting foreign coursework. All Canadian colleges and universities must be listed in the Colleges Attended section of your application as 555555 – NON-US (FOREIGN) INSTITUTION. Do not list the thesis coursework from any Canadian institution in the Coursework section of essays on the and genocide, your application. PharmCAS can only accept and development forward official evaluations of coursework taken outside the U.S. NOTE: Transcripts from foreign institutions must be evaluated by strategy phd thesis one of the five transcript evaluation services listed in development the application tutorial and sent to PharmCAS. PharmCAS will forward copies of official foreign coursework evaluations to all of essays on child labour, your designated pharmacy schools once they are received at PharmCAS.
A: You may update your coursework information when PharmCAS initiates the academic update windows. Thesis On Housing. You will receive an e-mail notification when this window is available. The Fall Academic Update window will open on admission, December 15, 2016, following the completion of the on housing development Fall 2016 term, and strategy close on February 15, 2017. Arrange for your official Summer 2016 and Fall 2016 transcripts to be sent directly to PharmCAS as soon as they are available and thesis on housing no later than February 15, 2017. If you do not submit your updated courses and transcripts in thesis on e.coli a timely manner, your selected pharmacy schools may no longer consider you for on housing development, admission. You cannot make edits to your course work section, whether completed or planned / in-progress, until the Academic Update window is open.
Please refer to the Academic Update section of the essays Instructions for more information regarding the Fall and Spring Academic Update. Q: What do the terms “Academic Bankruptcy” and thesis on housing development “Freshman Forgiveness” mean? A: Some colleges and universities offer Academic Bankruptcy and/or Freshman Forgiveness policies to students who have earned poor grades at the institution. If you are not familiar with these types of academic amnesty policies, they probably do not apply to good college admission essay, you or your transcripts. Thesis. PharmCAS GPAs include ALL college courses completed by the applicant, including those with Freshman Forgiveness and Academic Bankruptcy status. Freshman Forgiveness: Some institutions allow students to repeat courses taken during the freshman year in which a grade of D or F (or incomplete) was earned. The institution only uses the paper second grade in the calculation of the cumulative grade point average. Generally, the grades/credits for both attempts appear on the transcript. Applicants must list all courses with Freshman Forgiveness status on the PharmCAS application.
Academic Bankruptcy is similar to Freshman Forgiveness. This policy usually applies to all coursework taken at thesis on housing, the institution, including courses with A, B, and strategy phd thesis C grades and those taken after the freshman year. Thesis On Housing. It “wipes” the student’s academic record clean as far as the essays holocaust institution is concerned. Generally, the bankrupted coursework remains on the transcript; but it is not counted in the transcript’s GPA calculation and does not count toward the student’s degree requirements. Thesis On Housing. Applicants must list all courses with Academic Bankruptcy status on the PharmCAS application.
All Freshman Forgiveness and essays holocaust and genocide Academic Bankruptcy courses WILL BE calculated in your PharmCAS GPA. Your degree program designations reserve the right to exclude these courses once they receive your application.