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Augustinian Theodicy and Irenaean Theodicy Essay. About Wall? The problem of evil is a significant and enduring philosophical and theological debate. A question is often raised and discussed: if God is both all-loving and all-powerful, then how can evils-including natural evil and harvard undergraduate application essay 2013, moral evil#8212;exist in essay china our world? In response to the charge that the evils of the world are incompatible with God#8217;s omnipotence and perfect goodness, the word#8221;theodicy#8221; is coined to deal with the problem of evil. Usually it is an attempt to show that it is possible to affirm the george collection omnipotence of God, the love of God, and the reality of evil without contradiction. Two of the most well-known and most frequently discussed theodicies are the Augustinian theodicy and the Irenaean theodicy. Essay About Wall? The Augustinian theodicy was constructed by of long essay Saint Augustine (345-430 AD) and essay about wall, is the main traditional Christian response to the problem of evil. The Augustinian Theodicy holds the view that because God is perfect, the world was created free of imperfections. God cannot be blamed for evil and suffering since God didn#8217;t create them, on the contrary, evil comes from angels and humans who act less than perfectly and choose through free will to sin and disobey God. In History? Natural evil is an appropriate punishment because humanity destroyed the china natural order, we have all sinned so we all deserve to two pronged thesis be punished.
Quite different from the Augustinian theodicy, the Irenaean theodicy which was created by Saint Irenaeas (130-202 AD) and later developed by John Hicks and about china wall, Richard Swinburne doesn#8217;t see the world as created all-good and describes an essay man walking, almost opposite process compared with the essay wall Augustinian theodicy. It holds that humans were initially created as immature and imperfect beings; they were created in the image of God, but not His likeness. Harvard Undergraduate? Mankind#8217;s goal is to achieve that likeness. Such perfection and likeness of God cannot be ready-made, it can only be developed through free will choices, and we can only become moral and develop through making moral judgments. Natural evil has to be created in essay about china wall order to help man progress. According to writing a paper Irenaean theodicy, the suffering of the world will be justified with the reward of heaven, and this is a heaven for all, everybody will go to heaven by achieving the likeness of essay china wall, God.
The following passages are mainly devoted to the discussion of the 2013 distinctions between the Augustinian theodicy and essay about wall, the Irenaean theodicy. First, the different theories of evil are where a foremost and drastic distinction emerges. In the Augustinian theodicy, the main philosophical position is the idea of the negative or privative nature of evil. Writing A Paper? Evil here is seen as a matter of privation-in each created being, evil is that which deprives it of the particular form or purpose which is natural to it. In other words, evil is not substance, not a #8220;thing#8221;, but a privation of good, an absence of good and a falling away from good.
It always consists of the malfunctioning of something that is in essay about itself good. For example, shadow is not a proliferation of darkness, but an absence of light. Since evil is a lack of something, it is not something that was created by God, but comes from angels and humans who act less than perfectly. Essay About Dead? When human being#8217;s free will abandons what is above itself and turns to about what is lower, it becomes evil. So human beings are totally responsible for evil because evil is the result of human error. Writing A Paper? In the Irenaean theodicy, however, evil plays an important role in the gradual creation of a perfected humanity through life in a highly imperfect world. Then a question #8220;Why can#8217;t God just create us as perfect as in Augustinian theodicy?#8221; is raised. To this question, John Hick gave a fully and essay wall, vivid explanation in his book Philosophy of Religion. He cleverly points out: if the essay 2013 world were a paradise from which all possibility of pain and suffering were excluded, then the consequences would be very far-reaching, nothing bad, nothing suffering would exist in this world, no one could ever be injured by accident, people could do anything immoral they want without hurting other people… As a result, in a world free of real dangers, difficulties, problems, obstacles, there will be no meaning for the real good qualities as generosity, kindness, love, prudenceetc to essay about china wall exist. God had to allow the possibility of evil, because if there were no such possibility man would not be free to choose good over evil.
If there were no evil and suffering humans would always follow God#8217;s law because there would be no difficulties in doing so. The evils in this world are required by a God of love who seeks the development of his free creatures from their original innocence into fully mature spiritual beings. In other words, we human beings learn to be morally mature enough to grow closer to God. Undergraduate Application? Evil can lead us to the final goodness and perfection. In this regard, God is partly responsible for the evil in essay wall the world.
Second, Augustine sticks close to essay the biblical text, whereas Irenaeus ties his theory less to the biblical text. As the more authentically biblical view, the about china wall Augustinian theodicy is based on collection, the Bible and does not contradict the scriptures; it follows the traditional Christian interpretation of the creation story in the Genesis: God creates the world perfectly in six days, Adam and Eve#8212;-the ancestors of human beings#8212;live in the Garden of Eden happily, until one day Eve is tempted by china wall a serpent and eats the forbidden fruits and is finally driven out of the Paradise. By eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil Eve commits the essay about first sin. Augustine#8217;s theodicy could be seen as consistent with this interpretation of the text. Moreover, he uses other Biblical ideas of God, and defends the perfection of God by maintaining that evil is a privation and not a substance, and that evil comes from human sinfulness. Humans deserve the consequences of natural evil and they are responsible for their own suffering through abuse of their own free will. The Irenaeus theodicy, on the contrary, is not compatible with biblical teaching. As a matter of fact, it is in many ways just the opposite of the interpretation of the about china wall Bible by claiming that God is partially responsible for evils. Third, in comparison to the Augustinian theodicy being a #8220;Soul deciding#8221; theodicy, the essay about Irenaean theodicy is a #8220;Soul making#8221; theodicy. #8220;Soul deciding#8221; means that different consequences come as a result of the free will of human beings.
So if a person chooses to do a morally wrong act a consequence will follow. A #8220;soul making#8221; theodicy is applied by irenaeus, which means to move from the state of imperfection through moral struggle toward eventual completed humanization. Besides the essay about wall distinctions mentioned in the above passages, the Augustinian theodicy and Irenaean theodicy are often compared by people in many other aspects. For instance, Augustine leaves some people a long way from God whereas Irenaeus explains how everyone can reach heaven through moral struggle; for Augustine God is remote from man, having been distanced by his sin whereas for 2013 Irenaeus, as we make this progress we grow closer to God, reducing the wall epistemic distance between us and speeches in history, God; the Augustine#8217;s theodicy is essay about china often thought of as a pessimistic and #8220;tragic#8221; theodicy whereas the Irenaean theodicy is generally conceived as a #8220;comic#8221; theodicy as is more positive and optimistic. Not surprisingly, the two theodicies also have some similarities, the most common one is that both of them trace evil back to human free will: for Augustine it is the reason why angels and human beings fall from the ultimate goodness of heaven, and what they use to disobey God, but for Irenaeus it is a part of writing a paper, God#8217;s plan because it allows self-development, people also use this free will to disobey God and it causes suffering, but this suffering can help them to develop their character in order to choose to embrace goodness or evil.
In conclusion, the Augustinian theodicy and the Irenaean theodicy are two sharply contrasted theodicies: the Augustinian theodicy which is also known as the #8220;soul deciding#8221; theodicy, stresses the role of the Fall, and sees evil as either sin or the result of sin; whereas the Irenaean theodicy, which regards evil as a requirement by a God of china wall, love to let his free creatures to develop from their original innocence into fully mature spiritual beings. Thus, our world becomes #8220;the vale of soul-making#8221;. Since the day of their births, the two theodicies have respectively received many praises as well as criticisms and challenges. Many deficiencies are found in both of the two theodicies. As a matter of fact, the speeches in history problem of evil, far from essay china, being solved, is writing a paper still open to discussion. Day, Elizabeth. #8220;Geneticist claims to have found#8217;God gene#8217; in humans.#8221; The Washington TimesWorld.
15 Nov 2004. Copyright 2004 News WorldCommunications, Inc. Hick, John. #8220;An Irenaean Theodicy.#8221; A John HickReader. Ed. Paul Badham. Philadelphia:Trinity Press International, 1990. 88-105. Wall? Ridley, Matt. Genome.
New York: HarperCollinsPublishers, 2000. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of writing a paper, paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 18 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Augustinian Theodicy and Irenaean Theodicy. for essay about china wall only $16.38 $13.9/page. Harvard? Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.
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GMAT AWA Essay Rater #038; Checker: Evaluate online #038; get scores for about, practice essays. “How do I evaluate my GMAT AWA essay?” “How can I get GMAT AWA scores for practice?” “Are there any free good online AWA essay raters?” These are questions that we got from many MBA applicants. So I brushed up my rusty programming skills, read up on the basics of NLP and orwell collection, created this automated AWA essay rater . If you want to know whether those GMAT AWA templates you downloaded from various online forums are really useful, create a few GMAT AWA sample essays and test them out here using our GMAT AWA Rater. Though even the best essay checker software cannot match the accuracy of the official test, it’s still a good way to know where you stand.
Read these GMAT AWA essay tips. Once you are ready to get some practice, come back to this page and try out the GMAT AWA Rater which will rate your AWA essays. You can do it any number of times. And yeah, it’s free. How to use the GMAT AWA Rater to evaluate #038; grade GMAT essays. Step 1: Write your GMAT AWA essays in a text editor (like Notepad or MS Word). Step 2: Organise the AWA essay into paragraphs. Step 3: Enter a blank line to indicate the completion of a paragraph. Step 4: Copy and paste the entire AWA essay in essay about china wall, the big text box below. The rating for your AWA essay will be displayed below the button. [For paid subscribers, we display the breakup and additional information as well.
If you are a GMAT trainer and would like your students to access our premium version, get in touch with us.] Parameters on which your GMAT AWA essay samples would be rated. Coherence and connectivity: This rating evaluates how the expressions #038; ideas flow across paragraphs. Whether you are expressing a point of view for or against an argument, you can increase this rating by effectively using structure words and connectives. This strengthens the linkage of common themes across the essay. Organization: How you’ve divided the AWA essay into writing a paper, relevant paragraphs is tested under this parameter. You can take this score higher by about organizing the essay into paragraphs.
It is also desirable to application 2013, demarcate the ideas by about china following the regular convention of leaving blank lines to mark the logical and physical conclusion of that idea. Undergraduate Application Essay 2013. The next paragraph can then build upon essay about china, a related by distinct idea. Readability: Your grasp on the language and your ability to display the variety in of long, it is tested here along with the essay about wall sentence structure. You don’t get brownie points for complicated sentences. Keep it simple and structured. Note: While the harvard GMAT provides scores at intervals of 0.5 only, this GMAT AWA Rater provides scores in continuous decimal points so that you can know exactly how you’ve been progressing with every attempt. Essay Checker Limitations: What the GMAT AWA Essay Rater can’t do.
The software based evaluator does not comprehend or rate the logical viability of the essay. The submitted piece is about evaluated as an independent argument essay on the above mentioned attributes. In the current version, the persuasive software skips grammatical mistakes. There may be many other limitations as well. Rather than aim for perfection, the objective here is to offer something meaningful and china wall, useful. So instead of trying to thesis, focus on the shortcomings, use the output as an additional data point and wall, continue using the other GMAT AWA templates or samples that you have, to improve your AWA skills.
And while you focus on GMAT prep, make sure you understand the bigger picture of the world you are trying to writing a paper, enter. About Wall. Read Beyond The MBA Hype. [If you don’t see the text box below this line, refresh the page] Disclaimer: The GMAT AWA rater uses a proprietary algorithm that has no connection with the official GMAT AWA rating logic. Neither the software nor MBA Crystal Ball are connected with the official GMAT team. The results aren’t meant to be an accurate indicator of your performance on the real GMAT test. Use it for practice and at two pronged, your own risk. What do you think about the AWA essay rater? Let us know your thought in essay china wall, the comments below.
If you are just starting off, here are some basic articles for you: Liked the article? Show us some love. Share it. The rater is no more accepting the essay I put in the box. Has it stopped working? Does it require any registration process which I need to go through.
For security reasons, the AWA essay rater had an essay about, upper limit set for the number of essays that could be tested. That number got shattered pretty quickly. Hi.. can you please explain about the accuracy of this tool? @Bharath: The tool is only meant to provide an estimation. Read the section on limitations of the AWA rater.
Don’t expect the same level of accuracy as the official GMAT AWA evaluation and rating algorithm. Is there any’ minimum number of words requirement’ for GMAT AWA? Thanks a lot Sameer. Pulkit, the tool doesn’t ask for china wall, the code now. Please try again. This site now requires a code, for a user to be able to take the test, user needs to essay about dead man walking, register on the website. Site allows max 10 attempts per essay about china wall registration. However, i have a doubt on the efficacy of the tool.
I have been constantly scoring 5.5 + in every attempt and i do not consider myself to be that good or consistent :D. Is there any other alternate tool available online? I tried looking for two pronged thesis, one but could not find it out. Thanks a ton Sameer! I tried, and it worked! I can practice any number of arguments here without worrying about the code or the number of attempts left! Big thanks =)
It says “Unlock the Free AWA essay samples rating tool using your social media account.” I shared it on about china wall twitter but still I am not able to access it. Please let me know how to use it? @jd: Your share hasn’t registered on Twitter. Are you sure you were logged in? According to the author the advertising on radio station helped the Cumquat Cafe to grow up the revenue. In particular he says the business has increased by 10 percent over last year. However this argument is very weak because its not consider any assumption that not not give the same author’s conclusion.
Fist the writing a paper argument ready assumes that the success of Cumquat Cafe is cased by the only advertising on local radio. About Wall. But this assumption is questionable because it overlooks a lot of other factors that might influenced the given results. For example the success is the consequence of the change of the menu or thanks to the change of the Cafe’s staff ( at firstly the chiefs). Two Pronged Thesis. In addition the author does not give any information about the competitors. Infact the increase of the Cafe’s business is due to the come out of any local competitor. As a result give these reasons the author’s conclusion could not be accepted. In the second place the argument claims that the advertising on radio gives more positive prospects in terms of profitable. Even if it is granted that the advertising on radio helps to increase the visibility the same success is not guaranteed to any and all other business. In fact the success of about a advertising compaign depends on the products that we want to sell.
Once again the author’s conclusion in unconvincing. In conclusion, the argument is flawed for above-mentioned reasons and it is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author has considered more other variables. Thank you for serving us this amazing thing. Now I scored a 6 upon 6 in a sample essay here even though the number of words I used in the essay was 270 odd. Does that matter in GMAT(the total number of about words used in essay about, the essay)? In the passage the author arrived at a conclusion that investors are best served by increasing their exposure to precious metals in order to dead, take advantage of essay wall unique profit-making opportunity.Support for this claim takes the form , primarily , of an assumption that the demand for precious metals, such as gold and silver, is expected to application 2013, be strong.On deeper analysis of subject at hand, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of essay about wall flaws.
One such flaw is that demand for these precious metals is largely driven by the economic growth of persuasive in history large emerging markets–China, India, and china wall, Russia , but passage does not indicate whether the economic growth will also increase for essay about man walking, these countries. There can be a possibility that economic growth of these countries will decrease but still the demand for essay about wall, gold will be high.For instance irrespective of country’s economic growth people will still buy gold for other reasons other than investment. In order to strengthen the passage , the author should also specify some information about other factors that will make it clear that economic growth is not the sole parameter for george orwell collection, high demand of growth. There can be a possibility that economic growth of the country is good but investors want to invest in security bonds instead of gold as that is considered as dead investment. Another such flaw which significantly weakens the argument, is the assumption that investors who invest in gold will get the best result in comparison with those who have invested in other metals or securities, although it is not mentioned about the later investors. The line of reasoning I have employed points out several flaws in the passage. On closure examination of the matter, I conclude that the essay about above passage is not logically sound. This is the essay i wrote.
Can anyone help me know my rating for the below mentioned essay ? 1. “What really matters in the leadership of business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.” – In this issue the importance of george essays ways of achieving success have been stated. Wall. The aspirant can agree entirely with it, disagree completely or not take any side and present both sides of the issue. In any case, these need to be substantiated with actual examples of where business organizations either benefit from a result-oriented approach or they did badly because of it. In the above argument the two pronged author has very correctly stated the formula for growth and success in a company or any organization. Wall. This theory is not just meant for the employee or an individual but also for the growth and development of the organization as a whole. We have seen the real scenarios like the 5 Year Plan, 10 Year Plan which different parties campaign about during elections.
These target set by the party, makes a citizen to harvard application essay, vote for a party and give them an opportunity to form government if the impact and result of these target are convincing to the audience. As and when the party comes into power, they put in their best effort to achieve the target and give results as they very well understand that only results will help them to continue their government else, the party might be voted out ! Competition is everywhere. It may be schools, colleges, firms, organizations etc. One has to get the results within the set time to prove himself/herself over others . Only then can he/she can expect the organization for an promotion or increment. A theory which runs very truly in today’s scenario is the: Survival of the Fittest. @Sudesh / Mansi: You need to post your AWA essays in the text box in the main blog, not in the comments. While it may be true that Devis Technologies, a computer chip maker is facing problem of declining sales. China. The Author’s argument does not make a cogent case based on dropping its selling price. It is easy to harvard undergraduate application, understand that the about company is essay about man walking having crucial time but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions and thus its not strong enough to derived a conclusion.
Devis Technologies is having higher selling price of the chips this assumed by the writer and as per him this is the only reason responsible for fall in sales. Even to strengthen this argument he has not given any evidence. The writer has also not informed about either by a survey or by previous data he comes to about, the conclusion that high prices are the only reason. The second thing which is persuasive in history assumed by the writer is essay based on thesis quality of the product. About Wall. As per the above statement quality of the product is not having any contribution in reduction of sales. There are possibilities that the product is not getting share in two pronged, the market due to inferior quality. Moreover Competitors price and strategy is also not clear from the essay about china statement.
There are so many so factors like Advertisement, Sales Distribution, Research development Departments are not working in manner which can result into company’s profitability. When it comes to orwell essays, technology things get updated very quickly so it is important for company to keep the pace with it. For Example, It our company have introduce a chip 1 year ago and our competitors have relaunch the same chip with some more advantages it will also effect company’s product. Last the writer has assumed that only this company is facing decline in china wall, sale rather than entire market of this product. It may possible that this is recession time for elements, this product and every one is facing the same situation.
To Conclude, after examining all the factors and angles Devis Technologies should consider above mention points to strengthen the essay above arguments as it is not justify now. A reminder to post in the text box in application essay, the main blog post (it’ll be visible after you like/share using any of the social media buttons) and china wall, not in the comments. The argument in of long essay, asserting that greater government involvement in regulating the food manufacturing industry and wall, laying emphasis on adding more minerals and vitamins in it’s products as a counter measure to reduce the writing a paper rate of adult-onset diabetes appears at essay wall, first glance to be coherent and fairly convincing. However upon further examination of the elements essay argument and its underlying structure, a number of flaws and dubious assumptions become evident. Among the pivotal shortcomings of the essay wall argument are its inability to back the conclusion with legitimate medical theories and failing to acknowledge the fact that controlling adult-onset diabetes requires more that regulating the food manufacturing industry. Primarily, there is orwell no statistical backing to the statement that the onset of diabetes is essay about wall due to quality of foods available at low prices. The argument fails to answer whether adult-onset diabetes occurs only thesis, among people who eat food products available at essay china, low prices in comparison with control group, of people who never have food products at low prices. Secondly, the arguments asserts that government intervention in the food manufacturing industry can drastically improve the nutritional value of food products.
However, the ground reality is george orwell essays that such regulation is usually accompanied by intense lobbying on the part of the food manufacturers, which ends in a long arbitration process without any practical solutions. The argument could have included other avenues to essay china, supplement government regulation such as creating an awareness among both the writing a paper food manufacturers and the consumers on china the ill-effects of food quality. Finally, assuming that the government is successful in elements essay, making the food industry to essay about, include more vitamins and minerals, there is no factual data that suggests adult-onset of orwell collection diabetes occurs due to lack of vitamins and minerals, and an increased intake of these nutrients will curb its rate. It seems equally plausible to say that the same can be achieved by reducing the carbohydrate and sugar content in the existing products will lead to similar results. In conclusion, it is clear that the argument in essay about china, its current state contains many flaws most have been discussed above. Ultimately, the argument might have been strengthened by explaining the speeches causes for about wall, adult-onset diabetes how the proposed increase in minerals and vitamins will prevent it.
Also, the argument, instead of putting all eggs in one basket, could have suggested alternative methods to supplement the government regulation of low-cost food product manufacturers. Awesome man! Thanks and speeches in history, much appreciated! The argument arrives at essay about china, a conclusion to recommend clients to check all purchasing invoices based on harvard essay the fact that a check of 10 percent invoices at Windfall Ltd. resulted in a $10,000 profit. The argument further goes on to declare that it can help the consulting firm win the Windfall account. The presented argument has some merit, but it fails to be convincing as the premise seems to be insufficient and the logic to arrive at the conclusion seems to be flawed at essay, various levels. First, the premise that the checking of ten percent invoices led to $10,000 profit fails to acknowledge the proportion of this gain with respect to the overall monthly payments or the monthly gains of Windfall Limited.
For example, if the firm makes about $100 million in payments every month and achieves about $50 million in net profit, then the $10,000 gain might not be very significant to george essays collection, the firm. Second, the argument also fails to recognise whether the cost involved in checking 10 percent of invoices was less than $10,000. Essay About Wall. The resources spent on checking these invoices could have been used to other productive areas within the writing a paper company. Thus, there is an angle of cost benefit analysis that the argument fails to address. Thirdly, the recommendation made by essay the author fails to address the cause of incorrect billings. Persuasive In History. Instead of recommending its clients to check invoices, an alternative approach to improving billings systems and processes should have been explored. Finally, the conclusion that this approach will help the consulting firm gain an account of Windfall Limited also seems to follow a weak logic. The client will not be won solely on a recommendation that demonstrates a rigorous approach – instead a sound financial analysis and a strong supporting logic will be appreciated by the client.
Hence, if the wall argument answers the concerns raised above it can be more persuasive and undergraduate essay, complete. The assistant manager presents the evidence that when music of a particular country is essay about wall played, the in history sale of wine from that country is greater than the sale of essay wall wine from another country. He then concludes that the speciality food from a particular country should be put on harvard sale for a week and the music from that country should be played. He believes that this will result in an increase in essay about wall, the stores profits and that the store will be able to ascertain in advance what items they should stock up on. However, the assistant manager uses non relevant evidence to persuasive in history, form his conclusion. The argument lacks any solid evidence and will be refuted with examples. The comparison of wine sales to the sale of other items is not valid, as the wine is not on discount whereas the manager recommends that the other items be put on about discount. A consumer will buy items on sale, irrespective of the music played.
For instance, a store selling german sausages at a discount, will be able to attract customers because of the lower price of the sausages compared to regular rates, irrespective of whether german music is essay man walking played. The manager concludes that by selling items on sale through the entire week, the store will make a profit. Surely, even if this were true it cannot be the wall best case scenario as an dead, even more substantial profit could be made by selling the about china items at full price, and hence receiving a larger margin of essay about dead profit. Further, to sell items on essay about sale for a whole week the store would have to have a phenomenal amount of essay stock in its warehouse, of items from that particular country whose produce is on sale. Generally, stores do not have old stock in bulk from a particular country and hence will be providing fresh stock on about china sale, which will further dig into what could have been potentially high profit margins.
Finally, while the manager cites the effect of music on wine sales, he concludes about the thesis effect of music on sales of china wall all food from a country. This is an invalid assumption. For instance, while Italian music may uplift a customers mood and edge him or her to reminiscent of good times and purchase Italian wine, it may not make the persuasive same consumer purchase everything from Italian Wine to Italian Bread, Italian Cheese, Italian Pasta, Italian Ice cream and so on. Only a very niche customer would be likely to essay china wall, do so, while the majority will be satisfied with their wine purchase, and then move on to buy their regular grocery from other countries, while listening to the soothing Italian music. The assistant manager, uses vague reasoning and is erroneous in his conclusion. To strengthen his conclusion he would have to cite relevant facts. His recommendation is man walking ill-logical and is unlikely to be carried out into action. The end result he claims to wall, believe would be impossible to achieve via the proposed course of action. The Argument presented here arrives at the conclusion that to george orwell collection, improve the company’s profitability and enhance the perception of the consumer more reduction in prices should take place. Essay Wall. In order to support this conclusion the dead man walking author presents a case of one of the energy drink’s reduction in prices and the effect which it had on the perception of the target consumers.The Author explains reasons of the increase in particular Energy drinks’s Unit sales is comprehended to this changed perception and essay wall, the way the promotional offer is well received by dead man walking many of the customers.
The Author in order to come to china, this conclusion has made many basic assumptions which when negated could actually weaken this argument.Firstly, he tries to george orwell, assume that the Energy drink market is china wall fairly uniform and george orwell, equivalent to all sections of society. Secondly, he assumes that the Customer base for all the energy drink is comparable and the target groups for all the energy drink is same.Finally, he fails to consider the Overall increase in sales of the energy drinks with regards to essay wall, his competitors by mistakenly assuming that only his energy drink has increase in the sales without considering the harvard application market share increase of his drink. These basics assumptions could weaken his argument making him vulnerable to critics.However answering few questions or giving more information about the energy drink and his target market could quite strengthen his argument.Information about the market share of the energy drink is required.Also it would be good basis to give the data of the about wall Competitor’s sales which could make the Unit sales of the company more comparable and more strong with statistics.He could define the word “Perception” and how the customer sees his energy drink and what are the different “Perceptions” about the other energy drinks in market.He could also target and list down what are the other perceptions which could enhance these perceptions about his energy drinks. Thus the two pronged argument by the author is quite on a week platform which has many assumptions and is very vulnerable to critics. Its lacking many data point and information which could have strengthened the case of the essay about wall argument.However with some more study of the writing a paper argument and about wall, inclusion of some more viewpoints and data this argument can be made more solid and debatable. Q. The following appeared in a memorandum from the business department of the Apogee Company: “When the Apogee Company had all its operations in writing a paper, one location, it was more profitable than it is today. Therefore, the Apogee Company should close down its field offices and conduct all its operations from a single location.
Such centralization would improve profitability by essay about china cutting costs and helping the company maintain better supervision of elements essay all employees.” Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyse the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. Essay China Wall. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. In the passage, the business department of the Apogee Company argues that the company should have centralised operations from a single location to improve profits and to maintain a better supervision of writing a paper all employees. This argument is based on the premises that centralisation will reduce cost, and essay about, that the reason for the erstwhile profitability of the company has a direct co-relation with its central operations. The argument also seems to rest on the premise that supervision of the employees is always done by central agencies, thus rendering it easier and better when the operations are concentrated in one central location. However, on closer examination, it becomes apparent that certain relevant aspects have not been taken into account, leading to a number of mistaken assumptions and persuasive in history, logical flaws. One such flaw is the questionable assumption that the company was earlier more profitable because all its operations were in one location.
However, no data has been given in support of this assumption. It is possible that earlier the cost of its raw material was less due to more availability or that the Apogee Company could command higher prices in the market due to less fierce competition. There could be several other reasons as well. In order to strengthen this assumption, the company should analyse the relevant data to essay wall, find out exactly what the reason for higher profitability was and whether it had anything to george orwell, do with centralised operations or some other factors (such as demand, cost of the input material, change in taxation, etc.) Moreover, the company argues that centralisation will bring down the cost.
This may not be true as the company’s logistics and travel cost may go up due to having just one central location. A comparative analysis of relevant data points such as reduction in the cost of real estate and maintenance of various operations vis-a-vis increased travel cost and freight cost would help better understand whether the aforementioned assumption is a sound one. The company also argues that supervision of employees will be easier and more effective in a central location. This assumption is flawed as many employees, especially those involved in sales and market development may need to be travelling to essay china, far off areas and writing a paper, if the wall company has all its supervisors centrally located, it may lead to poorer rather than better supervision. The company should analyse similar situations in other organisations and the effectiveness of centralised supervision to determine the nature of impact of the 2013 centralisation on employee supervision before concluding. After close examination of the passage presented, it is apparent that there are many logical flaws. The recommendations in the essay show how the argument could be strengthened and made more logically sound. It says failed to essay about china wall, load :( Can you copy paste it for me and thesis, tell me my result? While the passage provides a valid fact that the Apogee Company was doing well before decentralization, it fails to make a cogent case.
There are various compelling evidence that should have been evaluated before reaching the conclusion. Firstly, the argument fails to consider various other factors that could have been the reason behind the company being less profitable. Perhaps the macro-economic factors such as the economy facing a decline in the previous year affected profitability. Essay China. The department might not have accounted for the costs of harvard application 2013 relocation and the costs to develop the field offices. The argument would be severely weakened if we remove the fixed cost expenses and then compared the profitability as there is a significant chance that profits were hurt by opening the satellite offices. Also, if the company closes the field offices and moves back to a single location, it would incur further relocation costs that would continue to affect profitability. It discounts the essay about fact that field offices in multiple location has its merits; diversification lowers risks and would increase the reach of the essay about dead man walking company. The argument would be weakened if there are figures that reveal how their competitors improved communication with customers and increased brand recall by essay opening multiple offices. Furthermore, the argument assumes a few factors that might not necessarily be true.
One assumption is that the company would be profitable if it moves to one spot; there is a significant chance that external factors continue to drain profits. It also assumes that better supervision of the employees would improve profitability; it is two pronged certainly plausible that the employees are diligent workers and supervision would not have a profound effect. The argument would hold more water if the writer had given figures pertaining to the exact costs that would be cut; also, it would have helped if he had given specific examples of effective supervision. The metric behind judging profitability is unclear, and the writer would be able to bolster his claim if the exact metrics are made clear and relevant examples are given to demonstrate how operations from essay china, a single location improved profitability. This memorandum is from the business department and a more holistic approach to the issue with input from multiple departments would make the argument more valid. It would have been helpful if the author had mentioned reasons why the company opened multiple locations in essay about dead man walking, the first place; perhaps it was forced by pressing concerns that would render this particular centralization argument void. Thus it can be agreed upon that asserting that centralization is the sole factor behind profitability as the ultimate truth is fallacious. “Education comes not from books but from practical experience.” The author says that “Education comes not from books but from practical experience”.
First, the argument readily assumes that the education does not comes from books but from practical experience.This statement is a stretch and not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of education that proves learning is done via books and is rather successful. For instance, mathematics is the subject which can be taught from practical knowledge and essay about china wall, learning through books is the best bet. Undergraduate Application Essay 2013. Another example is the subject History. One cannot travel back in time or to those places to teach through practical knowledge. Books are the essay about most standard and reliable way to study history and it’s importance. Clearly with above examples, one can definitely say that it is wrong to assume that education is best fed though practical knowledge.The argument could have been much more clearer if it would have talked about specific field of education where practical experience is more important that bookish knowledge. Second, there are examples where practical knowledge is important to have better understanding of a subject. But this in no way allows to scrape out the learning from books.
For example take MBBS, where practical sessions are key to master that field but for that also, one needs to have thorough theory knowledge that comes from books. In addition , from harvard undergraduate application, above example it is clear that practical experience is important but it cannot stand strong alone. It has to be combined with good theory lessons. Wall. In fact there is no direct correlation evidence given to prove that practical knowledge is essay about man walking directly proportional to better education. If any such cases would have been given or demonstrated, the author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally , what I personally feel that any education without theoretical knowledge is essay china incomplete. Practical experience can polish your skills and make you more professional and expert in essay dead man walking, any field. For that to happen, one’s theory base has to be really strong to excel. Is it possible to make primary school pass out , a manager of a company ? Or why do every school or education system is designed to essay china wall, have a theory classes in the beginning of the george orwell essays course followed by a practical sessions? Without having convincing answers to these questions, one is left with the impression that the claim is more of a wishful thinking rather than substantive evidence. “What really matters in wall, the leadership of essay about business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and achieving success.”
The argument claims that the “What really matters in the leadership of china wall business and organizations is getting results, reaching benchmarks, and two pronged thesis, achieving success.” Stated in this way the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated. Essay China. The conclusion of the argument relies on the assumptions for which there is no clear evidence.Hence argument is weak and has several flaws. First, the argument readily assumes that getting results , reaching benchmarks and achieving success are the persuasive speeches prime most important factors to define success in business.This statement is the stretch and is not substantiated in any way. There are numerous examples in other areas of business and commerce where these factors vary from person to about china wall, person and one cannot define the benchmark for success. For instance, take an example of a small cafe or restaurant which provides good food, elegant ambiance and great customer satisfaction. There may not be many people knowing about this place or it may not be that famous but still,it might have got loyal regular and happy customers and makes enough profit margin.
The restaurateur can say that his business is running successfully as hes happy with the customers comments and decent profit his cafe is making.On the other hand, take an harvard essay 2013, example of McDonalds, we all know how much popular it is across the globe and thousands of customers visit it daily , making the profits in millions. Essay About. So if that small restaurateur looks at undergraduate essay 2013, this success, he may get intimidated and must not have achieved the about china wall benchmarks as compared to McDonalds. Orwell Collection. Thus the argument would have been much more clearer if it explicitly gave examples of china a particular company and it’s benchmark considerations. Second,there are many organizations who do not even consider monetary gain to define their success. Speeches In History. The happiness or the pleasure of giving back to society defines their success. Their benchmark and success would be summed by about china the no of people who have gained from it . Writing A Paper. One such example is Teach for India. This organization was not established to make profits like most of the other organizations. About China. They help children from all parts of India getting basic education with the aim of making everyone educated and make them stand on their own legs. Essay Dead Man Walking. This may be success for them and about china, this would be the case of many other similar organization. Orwell Essays Collection. So every person and organization may have different parameters to measure their success and essay about wall, results. For some, it may be money, for some it may be eternal happiness of helping others.
If any such particular case would have been given or demonstrated, the elements of long essay author would have sounded bit more convincing. Finally, one cannot simply define the about china parameters of two pronged getting success or achieving results. This may vary from essay about, individual thinking and cannot be declared as the standard thumb rule. So author should have specified it more clearly with examples. Making money may be success for one but not for george orwell essays collection, other. Having satisfied feeling of essay helping and doing for people even at your own cost can be blissful for one but may be bitter for other. so what is the parameter , that author has assumed to define success or meeting results should have been mentioned explicitly. In conclusion, the argument is flawed for the above-mentioned reasons and is therefore unconvincing. It could be considerably strengthened if the author clearly mentioned all the relevant facts supporting the about man walking various parameters he is considering to define success and essay, meeting benchmarks .In order to assess the essay merits of a certain situation/decision, it is essential to have full knowledge of all contributing factors. Essay About China Wall. Without this information, the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate.
Discoveries and inventions are not born from nothingness. If necessity is the mother of about man walking invention, then an equally competent father would be a combination of curiosity, scientific temperament, and wall, research skills. With the firm belief that I possess these skills, I aspire to fulfill my dream of pursuing advanced research in an application-oriented field, by obtaining my Master’s degree in speeches, Electrical engineering. As a stepping-stone towards this dream, I am pursuing my Bachelor of Technology degree in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering from SRM University, ranked first among many private institutions in India. Wall. This has laid a strong foundation for my graduate studies.
There are two reasons why I believe that a graduate study in two pronged, an esteemed university, such as yours, is necessary for a person aspiring for a research career. About Wall. Firstly, working under the guidance of experts whose work would inspire and orwell collection, mould a student effectively into a creative and liberal thinker and researcher. Secondly, the emphasis on essay about wall independent learning is an ideal way of making students capable and knowledgeable in a specialization and keeping abreast of the latest technological developments. Keeping the aforementioned points in mind, I have chosen Signal Processing as my field of specialization. I believe that graduate studies in this area will help me achieve my career goals. I am fortunate to belong to a family that places my education as a top priority. I hail from an upper middle class Indian family of persuasive in history advanced degree holders. My late mother was a gazetted officer (high-ranked executive in Indian government and a member of Chamber of Commerce). My father is an administrative official in the Indian law ministry. My parents have been my role models in the way they have brought up my sister and me in a conservative Indian society, with modern thoughts and progressive ideas.
They have managed to provide me with top quality education, rich cultural values and sowed the seeds of passion for higher education in me. My elder sister is pursuing her PhD in Bio-engineering at Chicago and I have always admired her dedication and perseverance in her area of interest. Essay About China Wall. I also have many cousins in the USA pursuing graduate studies or working as engineers in exciting fields. Their guidance and advice, along with constant motivation by elements of long essay the professor (Dr. Joselin Retna Kumar) who taught me Digital Signal Processing in college, strengthened my desire to pursue graduate studies. About. Dr.
Kumar described his graduate years as one of his most fulfilling times, his passion resonated with me and I knew that conducting research geared towards creating knowledge was the writing a paper academic and professional path I sought. My enthusiasm to participate in research on Signal Processing, and mainly Image Processing stemmed from my love for event photography. My curiosity to understand the gestures, relationships and essay about china wall, actions involved in social events spiked my interest. I believe images allow us to store, retrieve, communicate, and transmit data and also serve as a medium to understand the two pronged world around us. In my opinion, one has to strike a balance between gaining technical knowledge and translating that into essay about wall, practical applications. I am confident about my ability and persuasive, scientific acumen to wall, apply the knowledge I gain and improve myself on a daily basis. Signal processing is the essays tool that would help us tackle daily challenges and simultaneously convey scientific solutions in universal jargon across varied sections of society. It is said that a picture speaks a thousand words and an understanding and analysis of each of about wall them is very important. I wish to study in detail about image processing and computer vision, along with machine learning methods to george essays collection, frame new algorithms.
The mathematics and science involved in this aspect are great in scope, and comprises of about wall abundant uncharted areas for research. I hope to integrate technologies from harvard undergraduate application essay 2013, various fields, such as machine learning and algorithms, into image processing. With successful image processing, we can automate a lot of tasks such as medical surgeries and video surveillance using visuals – this is the driving force of essay about wall my research. My innate passion to learn new concepts and my enthusiasm to apply them motivated me to seek relevant opportunities and writing a paper, gain hands-on experience. Essay China Wall. My first practical encounter with Electronics was during my sophomore year, when I built a ‘digital cymometer’ using a zero-crossing comparator. I converted sine, square, sawtooth, and two pronged thesis, other cycle waveforms to Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) form followed by micro-controller-based frequency computing. I optimized the essay china wall code and algorithm to guarantee accuracy.
This boosted my confidence to take up more challenging projects that included constructing a ‘traffic light control system’ using 89S51 micro-controller and building an ‘A/D and D/A converter’ using basic components such as ICs, diodes, transistors, and resistors. Also, I successfully built an obstacle detector and a line-following robot using Arduino Uno as the micro-controller. Such projects along with courses like Digital Signal Processing, Robotics and Automation, Power Electronics, and thesis, Microprocessor and Micro-controller bolstered my idea of essay china wall pursuing graduate studies in this specialization. My interest in the field of signal processing has been instrumental in conceptualizing two very crucial, interdisciplinary projects that would directly impact our lifestyle and well being. Writing A Paper. The first one was designing a cost-effective temperature-controlled baby incubator, and incorporating an auditory system that would fill the incubator with maternal heart sounds, while reducing background noise by employing microphones and speakers to essay about china wall, capture and send audio signals. The biggest challenge was to ensure that the product’s efficacy and safety is obtained at an economical cost. Currently, we are in talks with a hospital that would let us experiment with the prototype. The other significant project I undertook was to devise a stress meter using fuzzy logic and Case Based Reasoning (CBR). The concept involved developing a wearable galvanic skin response meter for sweat level monitoring in patients. This response meter will detect anxiety and essay about man walking, stress levels.
I analyzed hundreds of essay about china wall patient records to understand the persuasive in history usage behavior based on age, sex, occupation, and essay wall, other parameters. George Orwell Collection. After successfully constructing the response meter, I wrote a paper describing my research, which I plan to submit to a relevant journal soon. Presently, I am trying to integrate a control action such as playing soft music when the essay about wall person is of long essay under stress. My undergraduate capstone project is focused on about china replacing the repetitive pick and place motion performed by humans by george orwell collection an automatic material handling system. The proposed solution employs image-processing techniques along with a robotic arm using a universal gripper to classify and sort the objects on a running conveyor belt. The greatest supplement to about wall, my academic experience has been the opportunity to be part of service-learning. Apart from collection, maintaining my academic position within the top 5% students in my class, I have actively and essay about china wall, zealously pursued my hobbies. Elements Essay. ”One person’s life can influence the lives of an unbelievable number of people”, this is one of the essay china wall most important lessons I learnt, being a part of undergraduate application essay 2013 a non-profit organization – Make A Difference (MAD). Essay China. I held major positions such as Finance Controller for MAD Chennai, and a mentor for children at risk. Writing A Paper. I was involved in tutoring underprivileged adolescents, managing finances, and counseling 11th and 12th graders towards a chosen career goal.
In addition to essay about china, community service, extra-curricular activities and college clubs were a fundamental part of my education. My extensive involvement in various quizzes, concerts, technical and non-technical fests illustrate this. Along with singing, I am also a keen basketball and a throw-ball player. I have led my team in numerous tournaments and competitions. My interpersonal skills and 2013, leadership qualities helped me sustain through the about varied roles and emerge out in history, as a team player, every time. Having grown up in a country with a rich potpourri of ethnicity, diverse beliefs and essay about wall, religious practices, I have learned to elements of long essay, appreciate the fact that racial harmony requires respect, tolerance and essay about china, open-mindedness towards accepting cultural differences, rather than drawing comparisons or sensing disparities.
Prevalence of a diverse and inclusive culture at SRM University has also improved my ability to work in diverse groups. Each student brought his or her own unique cultural background and writing a paper, experience. Living and learning together instilled. self-confidence and essay about china, a spirit of camaraderie within me. My undergraduate years have made me experience something similar to a Copernican inversion of my inner being. My quest for answers drove me towards reading and analyzing different scientific concepts, learn about the latest research in the field and think about the gaps in knowledge. Seminars and conferences pushed me in the best ways to broaden, question, and to evolve my ideas and approaches suitably. I have always striven hard to two pronged, achieve deep understanding of concepts in all the courses I took and the research projects I pursued. The research carried on signal processing under Dr. Charles Boncelet, Dr.
Kenneth E. Barner and Dr. Gonzalo R. About. Arce and in particular the techniques concocted by them in the field of image processing best suits my pursuits. I believe that I possess the desire, the intellectual ability, and the preparation to do justice to a demanding graduate program and to elements, make significant contributions to the ongoing research at your University as a student, as a researcher and as a teaching assistant. It is my belief that all success stories are built on partnerships, symbiotic relationships between the subject and people or entities that come in contact. Similarly, the essence of university education lies in the success of the symbiotic relationship between the student, and his/her department. With your reputation in the field of my choice, I am sure working under you would be greatly beneficial to me. At the same time, I am confident of contributing meaningfully to the research endeavors at University of Delaware. It is with this in mind that I am looking forward to a long and rewarding relationship with you. The conclusion, recent surge in violence in the west of the city is because of shortage of police officers could be right, as a neighborhood prone to essay china wall, continuous violence requires an adequate number of police force to elements essay, keep a check on those, who indulge in fomenting tension. However, to conclude that the about wall only way to end the problem of violence is, doubling the police force is a serious mistake. To affect permanent peace requires more than doubling the police force, and here the passage-writer makes a series of faulty conclusions about the problems in the west side of the city, and therefore suggests flawed solutions.
The first major flaw of the argument is comparing two sides of cities, without providing any clue if they are similar or different. Writing A Paper. If, the two sides of the city are similar, than a reduction in the budget and the police force in the north side, at least for a long time, is not advisable. However, if the north side of the city is not witnessing any violence due to about wall, composition of the society, than perhaps, its budget and the police force is just adequate to harvard undergraduate essay 2013, maintain the peace. Essay About China Wall. Therefore, before making a suggestion to reduce the budget and the police force in the north side of the city, only because there is no violence, a proper assessment of the probable eruption of violence should be conducted. The argument points towards few characteristic features of the west side of the city: lack of political leadership, people of different culture and society are living there, and mostly young population. Thus, creates a picture of a place with extremely high likelihood of violence. Further, to say that educational development and creating job opportunities are peripheral issues reinforces image of a place, where violence can be controlled by force only. The problem with continuous low-intensity violence is that sometimes it surges to a threatening level in very short period of time.
In the case of sudden surge in violence in any place, increasing the number of the police officer is harvard undergraduate 2013 only solution. Essay About China Wall. But to deal with a place, as defined by the passage-writer requires some creative thinking. The lack of speeches in history political leadership can be substituted by increasing dialogue among communities. The argument, the violence is also due to the lack of leadership is essay china wall right. Had there been communities’ leaders available at essays, the time of need, violence might not have surged to a threatening level. Essay China. Thus, the city mayor should take steps to encourage dialogue among people of different culture and different faith. The mostly young population- the word, “young” is misleading, as it hides the actual age composition the society. However, if the thesis word young refers to age group of 15 to 30, than the city mayor is right to focus on educational development and creating job opportunities- as idle youths often take to wall, crime and violence. Sometimes, a problem requires multiple solutions; similar is the case of the violence.
The argument errs to focus on only one aspect of the about violence that is lack of enough police officers. The city mayor has to look into various aspects of about china a problem. Thus, the city mayor is right to focus on educational development and creating job opportunities. However, the mayor should take steps to increase dialogues among different communities, as only trust among communities ensures lasting peace. Get the best-selling MBA Book that the application 2013 Top B-School Admission Officers are praising. Join thousands who've shattered the hype. Wall. Read more.
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Server Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Bring the order. Check on the nice people who placed the order. Clean up after the nice people leave. That’s the gist of what a server does, right? Oh, the misconceptions about the job of a server! Love the about china, hustle and writing a paper bustle of restaurant life but want to wall switch things up a bit?
Looking for your first restaurant server job but don't know how to write a professional server resume? Waited on a few tables too many and want to work somewhere different? This guide will show you how to build excellent server resumes for the food service industry and how to elements talk about your work if you want to switch careers. Proving to a restaurant manager that you’re the next best thing to happen to his establishment doesn’t have to china wall be difficult. How to build a resume for a server with little experience. How to list skills on elements of long essay a resume for a server.
How to list your education on a server resume. You need to know how to write a resume with server experience the right way, so put down that appetizer plate. Essay About. We’ve got work to do. Here's a sample resume for essay a server made using our resume builder. Want to save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . Essay About Wall. It’s fast and easy to use.
Plus, you'll get tips and writing a paper right vs. About. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What's the Best Format for a Server Resume? There are over 600,000 restaurants in the U.S. that receive server resume samples regularly. Yours is one of them. Offering a hastily put together waiter resume won’t help you but giving a recruiter one that reflects your experience and your skills and abilities, will. The reverse-chronological resume format is the way to go. As the thesis, most widely recognized format, it starts with your current employment history and essay about china then goes backwards.
It will show your past employers, dates of employment, and your educational history. Let’s say you’re Penny from the Big Bang Theory. The Cheesecake Factory would be one of the first serving jobs listed on your server resume example because it is the writing a paper, last job you held. Wherever you worked before the essay wall, Cheesecake Factory would go underneath it. As you draft your server resume template, be sure to use a font that isn’t hard to read or bigger than your appetizer plate. Use fonts like Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and essay man walking Verdana, with a font size of 10 - 12 points. Keep it short, sweet, and to the point.
It should be no more than a page long. If you notice it getting beefy, cut out any extra bullet points. Pro Tip: Read your resume out loud to essay china yourself to catch any spelling or grammar mistakes. Have a friend or family member check it over, too. Recruiters like to see words spelled right. Your server resume should reflect your professional demeanor. Make your waitress resume unique. Recruiters say they reject 54% of resumes that aren’t customized or tailored. Do you have additional skills for your resume? Cocktail server experience, perhaps?
See our post: 3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the collection, Best Ones [Examples] to china see which would be more suitable. Contact Information Is Not as Basic as it Seems. Back in the day, the contact information section of a basic resume consisted of your name, your address, the orwell, name of your first born child, and your secret service identity number. Not really, but close. Today, the only contact elements you need to have are: your name professional email address current phone number.
These three elements should be presented professionally and clearly. Other server resume examples fail to make this point. We don’t like to essay about wall fail and neither do you. Avoid offering additional calling information in this section. Recruiters will call when it works best for them and leave a message, if necessary. Jade Black firstname.lastname@example.org (123) 456-7890. (123) 456-7890 (plz lv message) Pro Tip: Use a professional email address that includes your name.
Skip the Hotmail and Yahoo extensions and go for a Gmail domain, instead. How to Write a Resume Summary or Objective. So far, so good, right? You know what professional format you are going to use for writing a paper your waiter resume and you know how to add your contact info. Now you just need to wall blow them away with the reason you’re so good at food server duties and responsibilities. Oh, and balancing a cake on your nose. You can do this in one of two ways: If you’re a fine dining server or an experienced server looking to create a head server resume, use a resume summary . A server resume summary highlights your experience and skills. If you’re new to the world of writing a paper serving, you want to know how to be a server with no experience.
Start by using a resume objective . Wall. The server resume objective has to fit what food server job descriptions are looking for. Hiring managers want to see that you have related skills when reviewing your server resume. Reliable, driven individual conditioned to high-stress environments and elements capable of diffusing difficult situations. Seeking to about wall use those talents on the floor of restaurant X. Untrained server looking for difficult situations to elements of long serve tea and crumpets.
Reference skills you learned in school or at other jobs that are relevant to the job of a server to let hiring managers know what you’re capable of. Pro Tip: A server resume summary is a great place to put your hours of availability. Essay About Wall. Share your willingness to work odd shifts and of long increase your chances of essay about wall being chosen. Restaurant hours are not 9 to two pronged thesis 5. For managers, evening and weekend hours are the hardest to fill. Share your willingness to work odd shifts and increase your chances of being chosen. How to Describe Your Server Experience. You’re clear on your objective, now it’s time to share a piece of your history.
Work history, that is. This is the place on your restaurant server resume where you need to list your job history. You want to write no less than six responsibilities or achievements under each server resume description. Servers tend to have more server responsibilities than they do achievements . If you are able to get food out to customers in record time, those accolades are worth listing on essay about china your waiter resume . Be sure you don’t include more achievements than responsibilities and vice versa. Try to list the elements of long, same number of each. Use bullet points to list your responsibilities. Avoid using “responsible for” before each duty you list. It’s boring. You’re not boring.
You’re a firecracker. You want your future employer to essay think you're a firecracker, too. Consider this - hiring managers aren’t interested in reading the george collection, ever popular, overused words “responsible for” six or more times. Adding those words is just plain irresponsible, don’t you think? Think outside of the essay about china, box. Here’s what we mean: Hosted four parties during each shift. Executed clearing tables immediately after party leaves. George Orwell. Oversaw all monies collected from parties.
Carried three plates on essay about china one arm. Personalized customer happy birthday songs. If you’re creating a banquet server resume or a catering server resume, the same rules apply. Pro Tip: Use powerful action words on harvard essay your resume to about china describe your server duties and responsibilities for the hiring managers. Tired action words won’t excite them. Is Your Education Underperforming? It Might Be. We experience education in lots of different ways. Some of us finish high school, some of us don’t. Some of george orwell collection us head off to about china wall college, some of essays us don’t.
Here’s the good news - you don’t need to essay china wall have a high school diploma or college degree to be hired as a server. Having said that, hiring managers tend to essay show more interest in essay china those who have an academic track record. About. It shows them you have a level of responsibility and essay china discipline. If you’ve completed college, you won’t need to include your high school information on your server resume. List your college information, including the type of george degree, your major, the essay about china, name of the college or university, the location of the college or university, and any awards or honors you’ve earned. Start by listing your highest degree first. BA in Food Science - 2014 Niagara University, Niagara Falls, NY 3.7 GPA.
Perhaps you attended college but didn’t finish. Or maybe you’re writing a part-time waiter resume because you’re still in college. Either way, list your information this way: Niagara University, Niagara Falls, NY 2012 - 2014 Completed 60 credits toward an writing a paper, MFA. If you are a high school graduate, list the name of your high school and the year you graduated like this: Middletown High School, Middleville, NJ Graduated in essay wall 2012. But that doesn’t mean not having a higher education will keep you from being considered. That’s good news if you struggle with what to put on a food service resume in this section. So how would you list not having a high school education on your diploma on your waitress resume? Simply list the years you did attend. Like this:
Middletown High School, Middleville, NJ Attended from 2011 - 2012. If you feel like not having a high school diploma puts you at two pronged, a disadvantage, just remember that Jim Carrey didn’t finish high school. Nor did Bill Gates. And just look at what these icons have accomplished. Pro Tip: Go into more detail on relevant courses that gave you a relevant skill set.
If you still have questions about adding your education to your waitress resume, take a look at china, the options we offer here: How to elements of long Put Your Education on a Resume [Tips Examples] How To Put Skills on a Server Resume. In the cult classic 2004 film, Napoleon Dynamite , Napoleon told his friend Pedro he needed skills to get noticed. Napoleon : “You know, like nunchuck skills, bowhunting skills, computer hacking skills. Girls only like guys who have great skills.” Without skills, no one of the female persuasion would seriously consider going to the dance with him. The same is true in about china the foodservice industry. Without the right skills, no restaurant manager is going to two pronged seriously consider you. About China. Or dance with you. Or both. In order to understand what kind of server skills to list in this resume section, first look at elements, the restaurant server job description.
This will help you understand what to essay china wall put on a restaurant server resume for skills and george abilities. Looking for high-energy servers who are fun and about wall friendly and value our customers. Communication skills and taking pride in what you do is key. You have the writing a paper, right attitude and know how to essay china wall work with a team. Most of all, you’re always on time and enjoy the work you do.
How to list your server skills: Dynamic and energetic during all shifts. Conversational with customers and elements of long coworkers. Compatible with team members and management staff. So what are good skills to put on about wall a resume? The list of skills required on a server resume often include: Friendly Energetic Detail Oriented Service Oriented Problem Solving Complex Problem Solving Reading Comprehension Communication Stress Tolerance. Active Listening Active Learning Negotiation Coordinated Social Perceptiveness Monitoring Self Performance Decision Making Persuasion Time Management. Add any other relevant skills to your server resume sample that are sought in the server job descriptions. Pro Tip: Adapt your resume skills to the server job description. Use powerful action words in about dead man walking your skills section so that you stand out essay about china, among the rest.
How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Server Resume. Do you have hobbies or interests that say something specific about your abilities? Did you write a book about writing a paper plate spinning and juggling ramekins? Did you swim the English Channel and run a marathon? Add those that are relevant to your role as a server. Here are some examples of what you can add to your server resume sample:
Individual sports - You're fit and essay about wall you enjoy challenges. Writing - You’re able to persuasive in history articulate thoughts with ease. Puzzles - You're an analytical thinker with problem-solving skills. About China Wall. Board games - You're an intelligent strategist. Social hobbies - You communicate well and connect with others.
You’ll want to create this section on your server resume template to look like this: Writing and Blogging for writing a paper Food Lovers. Running Away from about Stray Dogs. Volunteering for the Humane Society. Pro Tip: Make your food server resume special by choosing hobbies that match the two pronged, desired traits of the about china, company. Here's the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. You’ve put together a professional food service resume. Now you need a cover letter. Because there’s a rumor floating around out there that you don’t really need a cover letter. But we know that 45% of undergraduate essay 2013 recruiters will disregard even the best server resume without one. So we’re going to china show you how to write one that shines.
Recruiters don’t have time for boring, bland cover letters. They want something fresh. George Orwell Essays. If you want the job, you’re going to have to essay about wall deliver. Hiring managers will probably spend about writing a paper 6 seconds looking at your server resume. A super-awesome cover letter can be the difference in having yours reviewed longer. A cover letter for a restaurant server will: Formally introduce you. Essay Wall. Show your personality. Explain why you’re the perfect fit. Explain any gaps in two pronged thesis work history or career changes.
Your letter should include: your contact information the employer’s contact information the date the basic body of the letter the conclusion. You want to make your first paragraph compelling. Pro Tip: Let your personality come through. Be yourself. Witty, well-written cover letters make the process for hiring managers enjoyable. Want your skills and about abilities on orwell your server resume to be noticed?
Make sure you read our guide - How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Learning how to write a resume with server experience doesn't have to be difficult. Make sure you read the job description before tailoring your server resume. Put your best foot and qualities forward, and take the resume creation process one step at essay wall, a time. If you feel you don’t have the experience or education to land the job, think again. You can always add hobbies or interests that will impress recruiters enough to give you an two pronged thesis, opportunity. Do you have any questions on china how to make a server resume?
Give us a shout in thesis the comments section! Joleene Moody is a content writer and ghostwriter, writing posts and books for essay wall those who can’t or don’t have the essay dead man walking, time. A former television journalist and anchor, Joleene still utilizes her journalistic abilities as a columnist and contributing writer to NNY Business Magazine in upstate New York. Essay Wall. Her personal assistants are her two cats and her black and brown Doxie dog. Yes, she is never alone.
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A Marketing Analysis Apple Inc. vs Dell Inc. Essay! The global computer hardware industry grew by 4.8% in five years time from 2001-2005. The industry generated a total market value of two pronged thesis US$366.9B in essay china wall 2005. The market consists of computers, servers, mainframes, workstations and peripherals. The most lucrative segment in writing a paper 2005 was attributed to the demand of personal computers with a total market value of US$208.2B, representing to essay about 56.7% of the overall market value. It is projected that from 2005-210 it will grow by a compounded annual growth of george orwell essays collection 5.9% equivalent to US$489.1B by end of 2010. (Research and Markets, Computer Hardware Indust.
Need essay sample on A Marketing Analysis Apple Inc. vs Dell Inc. ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $13.90/page. The key players in the market are Apple Inc, Dell Inc, Hewlett-Packard, International Business Machines Corporation, Sun Microsystems, Toshiba Corporations, Lenovo Group Ltd, etc. On the other hand, the fast growing region is Asia Pacific with the growth of China and essay about wall, India. This marketing analysis report will focus on the two (2) key players namely Apple Inc. and Dell Inc. Apple is headquartered in Cupertino, California with a total 21,600 employees and generated total revenue of US$ 6,217M as of September 2007. (Google Finance). It has regional presence in Americas, Europe, Japan, Middle East and Asia Pacific.
Meanwhile, Dell Inc.’s headquarters is in Texas with a total 83,300 employees and generated a total revenue of US$ 14,776M as of August 2007employees. (Google Finance) The company has regional presence in the Americas, Europe, Middle East and Africa and Asia Pacific. Both companies are very strong in Internet Marketing. Their products and services are readily available in their respective websites. They are also very strong in branding their products, distribution, pricing and promotions. Apple was founded in 1976 and formerly known as Apple Computer Inc. Its headquarters is in Cupertino, California with total of 21,600 employees as of September 2007. Today, the company is known as Apple Inc. Two Pronged! There have been so many product developments and innovations that transpired from Apple II during the 1970’s to china wall the Macintosh computer in speeches 1980’s. Apple was incorporated in 1977 and introduced Apple I before the year of the 70’s ended. Apple II was launched in 1980 and essay china wall, faced stiff competition in 1983 with the entry of IBM in the PC market.
In 1984, it introduced its first mouse driven computer Macintosh. Harvard Undergraduate Application Essay 2013! Nearing five (5) decade in the business, the company has been through lot of transitions and china, had faced a lot of george orwell essays challenges to remain competitive in the global market. The company acquired companies and collaborated with various companies from 1990’s to 2006. In 1991, IBM, Motorola and Apple formed AIM to create new computing standards. It acquired NeXT,, NeXT Os, Rhapsody in essay about wall 1996 and orwell collection, made agreement with Microsoft with the appearance of MS Office on Mac PCs. 2001 is a year where the company acquired PowerSchool that provides web-based student information system and Spruce Technologies involved in developing and about, marketing DVDs. Elements Of Long! In 2002, the company allied with Ericsson and Sun Microsystems to create standard format for delivery of multimedia applications and content to wireless devices such as smart phones and PDAs. These alliance enabled Apple to combine the strengths of Quick Time Video Creation, Sun’s content distribution software and hardware the Ericsson’s mobile infrastructure and services. In the same year, it acquired Prismo Graphics, Silicon Grail, Zayante, eMagic and Nothing Real.
In 2005, Apple agreed to essay about china wall use Intel microprocessors in Macintosh computer. Speeches In History! This is also the about wall year where there were collaborations with Acura, Audi, Cingular Wireless for mobile phones and itunes. In 2006, the company teamed up with Air France, Continental Delta, Emirates, KLM and United Airlines to integrate iPod with in-flight entertainment systems. In 2007, it changed its name to george orwell Apple Inc to represent a stronger product portfolio and focus on electronics market. (Apple Inc Homepage) Market Performance: Market Value. Essay China! There are innovations in the desktop and notebook computes as well as in the operating systems, music players and on-line stores. In its fiscal year ended September 30, 2007, it recorded revenue of US$24.01B with a net income of US$3.50B. The 1st quarter of 2007 revenue posted was US$7.1B from the thesis US$5.7B generated in the 1st quarter of essay 2006. The international sales accounted to 42% of the writing a paper US$71.B. (Finance Yahoo) LINE OF BUSINESS. Apple is engage in selling computer hardware equipment, peripherals, accessories, software, network solutions, digital music, mobile communication devices and essay about wall, other related accessories worldwide. Apple Inc.’s operations are in the Americas, Europe, Japan, Middle East, and Asia Pacific where they provide similar hardware and software products and services.
Their Retail markets are operational in the US, Canada, Japan and UK. The same period, US, Italy, Canada and US has combined total of 197 retails stores. The company sells to three (3) distinct markets such as educational, home and business consumers. (Apple Computer Inc.) Apple has diversified product portfolio that caters to george orwell essays collection the demand of the different markets. The product lines are segmented according to the use and applications. Listed below are the products and about, services offered globally and the specific brands by Apple: iMac, eMac, Mac Mini, PowerMac, Mac Pro, Xserve and Xserve Raid Storage System. Essay Dead Man Walking! MacBook, iBook, MacBookPro, PowerBook. About! Music Products and Services. iPod, iPod nano, iPod Shuffle, iTunes Store, Displays, Apple Cinema HD Display.
Software Products and writing a paper, Computer Technologies. Essay About Wall! · Operating Systems: Mac OS X Tiger, Spotlight, Mac OS X Server version 10.4; · Server Software and Server Solutions. · Professional Applications Software: Final Cut Studio 5.1, Soundtrack Pro, Motion 2, DVD Pro 4. Thesis! · Consumer, Education, and essay about, Business Oriented Application Software: iLife’06, iWeb, iPhoto 6, iMovie HD6, iDVD 6, GarageBand3, iTunes, iWork 06, Pages 2, Keynote 3, iPhone. · Internet Software and persuasive in history, Services: Safari, Quick Time,.Mac, Wireless Connectivity and essay about wall, Networking. · Airport Extreme, Airport Express. Table 1. Product Lines, adopted from the Apple homepage’s product list. Apple Computers are available with their iMac and PowerPC product lines. The first one is application essay, less premium and powerful than Mac. Essay Wall! It comes in persuasive speeches trendy colors with simple text, graphics, Internet access and e-mail applications.
In 2006, the company introduced a new remote desktop product named as Apple Remote Desktop3 which is essay about china wall, considered as the 3rd generation desktop management software. “Apple Remote Desktop 3 offers a wide range of writing a paper high performance desktop management features including lightning-fast Spotlight searches across multiple Tiger systems; over 30 Automator actions for easily automating repetitive system administration tasks; a Dashboard Widget that provides quick and convenient observation of remote systems; and AutoInstall for installing software automatically on mobile systems when they return online”. (Apple Press Release, Apple Introduces Apple Remote Desktop3, April 2006) The company released a new operating system names as Mac OS X Leopard. “Leopard is the sixth major release of Mac OS X and is packed with more than 300 new features. Leopard introduces Time Machine, an effortless way to automatically back up everything on a Mac, a redesigned Finder that lets users quickly browse and wall, share files between multiple Macs; Quick Look, a new way to instantly see files without opening an two pronged thesis, application; Spaces, an intuitive new feature used to create groups of about china applications without opening an application. Two Pronged Thesis! Spaces, an about, intuitive new feature used to george orwell essays create groups of applications and instantly switch between them, a brand new desktop with Stacks, a new way to easily access files from the Dock; and essay about wall, major enhancements to Mail and thesis, iChat (Apple PR website, Apple Sells Two Million Copies of Mac OSX Leopard in First Weekend, October 30, 2007) The Price Model. The pricing structure is based on the suggested retail price for single or multiple licenses as well number of terminals to be managed. An example is the pricing of the two new products such as Mac OSX Leopard’s at china wall US$129 for about dead man walking a single user license while for the five user is at US$199.
The same with Apple’s Remote Desktop3 with a price of US$299 for 10 systems and US$499 for essay wall unlimited number of systems. Apple products are available in their retail stores, on-line Apple Stores and to the store of authorized resellers. The company also expands its distribution through Ingram Micro and george orwell, MicroAge. The Promotional Vehicles. Apple promotional activities started in 1976 until today. The company started with print advertisement in 1976 for Apple I in black and white.
In 1980’s the introduction of essay about china brochures and magazine advertisements to promote their products. They are also into TV and Internet advertising. Apple computers are easy to use and friendly. It has a multimedia that is can be easily installed because of its plug and play characteristics that are applicable to the Macintosh computers. The strategic alliance and acquisition enable the george orwell essays company to position its self in a fast growing demand and changes in essay about china wall the mere computer hardware product to variety of software and applications to meet the changes in consumers demand for essay 2013 integration of essay about wall computers to Internet and Multimedia applications. (History of Apple, Inc.) The opportunities facing Apple Computers complement their strengths. Their lead to voice recognition or the voice recognition software where computers can understand more than 200 words, high exposure to multimedia applications which are now becoming the most sought applications of the young market and essay dead, the expertise and strengths of china wall their strategic partners will drive the growth of the company. Dell Computer Corporation was founded in 1984 and currently holding its headquarters’ office in Round Rock, Texas with total of 83,300 employees as of August 2006.
Since 1985 to 2007 the company received a lot of essay dead man walking business recognition, expansion of manufacturing facilities and wall, developed new products and services for writing a paper the global market. Essay About China! In 2003, the company changed its name to Dell Inc. The company launched its first computer product in 1985 known as Turbo with Intel processors inside. In 1991, Dell launched its first notebook and in 1997 offered its 1st work stations and US consumer business. Another product was launched in 2001, the orwell PowerConnect Network Switches. In 2002, new lines were offered such as printers for business and consumers. Market Performance: Market Value. As of August 2007, the company recorded revenue of US$14,776M. (Google Finance) LINE OF BUSINESS. Dell Inc. is engage in the design, development, manufacture, marketing, sale, and support of various computer systems and services worldwide. The company has regional presence in the Americas, Europe, Middle East and Africa and Asia Pacific.
The most lucrative region is essay china, Asia-Pacific and Japan with a total revenue of US$1.9B in the 3rd quarter of fiscal year 2007. Led by 33% growth in volume in writing a paper China, Dell is considered the fastest growing manufacturer in the region. Essay About! India, on the other hand, grew by 93%. The other regions such as Europe, Middle East and Africa achieved total revenue of US$3.3 billion with a total volume grow of 9%. In the Americas, total revenue reached by US$9.9B while market volume in writing a paper Brazil increased by 37% and in Canada about 19%. In terms of product segmentation, the most lucrative is desktop with revenue of US$4.7B, followed by Mobility US$ 3.9B, Software and Peripherals US$2.3B, Servers US$1.5B, Enhanced services that generated US$1.4B and Storage revenue of US$ 577 M. (Dell Press Room, Dell Reports Preliminary Revenue of $14.4 Billion; Preliminary Earnings per Share of $0.30, November 21, 2006) Dell had major manufacturing expansions from 1998 to early months of 2007. In 1998, there were international expansions in United Kingdom and essay china, Ireland to cater to essay dead man walking the European, Middle East and African markets. Subsidiaries in Australia and essay china, Japan were formed in 1993.
In 1996, the company opened its Asia Pacific Customer Center in Malaysia and in 1998 there were manufacturing expansion programs in the Americas and Europe. In the same year, Dell opened a manufacturing facility in China. Undergraduate! The manufacturing facility in about china Brazil for the Latin America market was opened in orwell 1999. This year, Dell opened a manufacturing plant in India. Essay China! (Dell Inc. Company Profile) The company sells to large corporation, government, healthcare, educational customers, small to medium business and writing a paper, individual customers. The product lines are segmented according to the use and applications. About Wall! Listed below are the products and services offered globally and the specific brands by persuasive speeches in history Dell Inc.: Desktop Computer Systems. Dell XPS, OptiPlex, Dimension, Dell precision workstations,
Dell MP3 Players, Dell Axim handhelds, Notebook computers, Dell XPS, Latitude, Inspiron, Music Products and Services. iPod, iPod nano, iPod Shuffle, iTunes Store, Displays, Apple Cinema HD Display. Software Products and Peripherals. · Printers, Monitors, Plasma and essay, LCD televisions, Projectors, 3rd party Printers, Televisions, Software, Digital Cameras, Networking Products and Storage Devices. · Assessment, design and implementation services. · Training certification services. · Enterprise support services. · Client support services. · Managed lifecycle services. Table 2. Product list adopted from the Companys’s website. About! The Price Model. Dell computers are priced lower than the competitors. The company is about, offering huge amount of volume discounts with the support Intel. Intel is their microprocessor partner that supports their overall computer business lines. Harvard Application 2013! The company had retail store to present the products and implemented the Direct Sales Strategy to about eliminate middleman to lessen the channels of distribution. Eventually, Dell Inc realized that they have to expand channel instead of the Direct Strategy. They started selling with Wal-Mart stores in the US and Canada and currently have plans for retail stores and partnership worldwide. (Hoovers, Dell Company Overview).
The Direct Distribution allowed the company to writing a paper get orders directly with the customers and control their inventories. Dell Inc, uses television, magazines, catalogs, newspapers and Internet to advertise their products. Dell Inc has a strong market position. In 1992 it was listed as among Fortune 500 world’s largest companies and in 2000 was 1st in ranking for the global market share. It has the largest storage segment with partnership with EMC the US-based information infrastructure technology and solutions company. It has growing market presence in India and China. The diverse product portfolio caters to all types of consumers from all over the world.
COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE: APPLE INC. VS. DELL INC. Apple Inc.’s product lines are more diverse than Dell Inc.’s product offerings in the market. About Wall! Apple is two pronged thesis, engage in selling computer hardware equipment, peripherals, accessories, software, network solutions, digital music, mobile communication devices and other related accessories worldwide while Dell Inc. is more focus on the design the design, development, manufacture, marketing, sale, and support of computer systems. In general, Dell computers are priced lower than computers primarily due to huge volume discounts.
Sample Price Comparison Matrix of the two (2) companies: Apple base specs. NVIDIA GeForce 7300 GT 256MB. Memory 1GB, DDR2 SDRAM 533MHz, ECC (2x512MB DIMMS) HDD 160GB 7200RPM S-ATA. Essay China! Optical Superdrive dual-layer DVD+/-RW drive. Persuasive! KB/Mouse Apple Keyboard and Apple Mighty Mouse. Essay About China Wall! Sound and Firewire FireWire 800/400 and sound with various I/O inc. optical. One year standard AppleCare.
Dell base specs. Dell Precision 490. Graphics Card 128MB PCIe nVidia Quadro NVS 285. Memory 1GB, DDR2 SDRAM 533MHz, ECC (2x512MB DIMMS) HDD 160GB 7200RPM S-ATA. Optical 16X DVD+/-RW drive.
KB/Mouse USB Entry Quietkey, Dell standard USB 2-Button Optical Mouse. Sound and Firewire- Onboard AC97 sound and 1394a Controller Card. Three year onsite economy service support. Dual Core Intel Xeon 2GHz x 2 (4MB shared L2 cache) U$2,086.00 (with a $200 discount for small business) Dual Core Intel Xeon 3GHz x 2 (4MB shared L2 cache) U$3,686.00 (with a $200 discount for small business) Dual Core Intel Xeon 2.66GHz x 2 (4MB shared L2 cache) U$2,866.00 (with a $200 discount for small business) Table 3: Product and Price Comparison, adopted from elements of long essay Press Release, Theinquirer.net, Apple Thrashes Dell on MacPro Pricing, Dean Pullen, August 2006. Dell’s pricing strategy is more on Discount Offerings to their customers. “Any major OEM has trouble matching pricing with Dell, considering the massive volume discount Dell gets from Intel. But Apple aren#8217;t only china wall matching them on the lower specs, they#8217;re thrashing them on the higher spec systems relatively huge margins of pricing difference.” (The Inquirenet, Press Release Apple Thrashes Dell on Macro Pricing, Dean, Pullen, August 2006) Apple Inc. is into on-line stores, retail stores and have partnerships with authorized resellers. On the on the other hand, Dell Inc. is always into Direct Sales. Both companies are into george orwell collection, print, TV and Internet advertising.
COMPARATIVE WEBSITE REVIEW OF APPLE INC AND DELL INC. Essay About China Wall! (Adopted from the Apple Website) In general Apple Inc’s website is more sophisticate and has a very technical view of their homepage. To navigate their site the collection tabs will be of help to explore the topics that a customer want to access. The home page contains the latest product of wall Apple in which is the Mac OS X Leopard. To get product information and dead, other services the Search Button will be of about wall used. (Adopted from Dell Inc Website) The approach of Dell Inc’s website is patterned more on the Advertising Approach. The products are presented on the homepage, with the claim of Excellence on thesis Design, types of consumers are listed and search for essay china wall contacts can be seen at essay a glance. Two (2) Appealing Sections of Apple Inc. Apple Inc. homepage has a tab to display the stores. In this section everything has been presented with actual pictures and prices. Essay China! The customer can easily pick up his choice with all the information available per product.
There is also a listing of popular accessories which is appealing and the presentation of Top Sellers for products and services to help customers decide which one to buy. Another appealing section is the essay dead man walking Support Tab where there are links on china wall popular discussion, manuals and links of support per product and per two pronged thesis service. China! Two (2) Appealing Sections of Dell Inc. Writing A Paper! On the homepage of the website there is a Status of My Order Tab which is really appealing for tracking of the essay wall purchased product. Man Walking! This indicates that Dell Inc. is keen on the delivery time to satisfy the immediate need of its customers. Another appealing section is the Segmentation of its Customers Tab which presents that Dell Inc. About China! can cater to the needs of the in history Home Home Office, Small Medium Business, Large Business and Government, Education Healthcare and Life Sciences. How to Improve the Site. The two (2) websites are totally presented in a different manner. Apple Inc. is more inclined on Intenet Savvy Outlook while Dell is more on a Marketing Approach. The websites have a global approach. It might be more appealing if they can have regional presentation of the availability of products/services and support per region.
Apple Inc. and Dell Inc are some of the known Computers and Peripheral manufacturers. They have been in the business for essay china wall more than 20 years. Both companies are aiming to remain competitive by re-inventing their approach to their marketing mix. They type of writing a paper consumers whether individuals or corporate are now very much involved in various Internet transactions and applications. The days of recording and essay china, documentation are now considered the simplest way of PC application.
The users are now aiming for more sophisticated applications that can make their business more effective and george essays, efficient. In addition, the consumers are moving fast to cope up with globalization. Hence, they need a more diversified business process to communicate and wall, transfer relevant data to about dead various businesses worldwide. These needs can be correlated to the growing product lines of Apple Inc. and Dell Inc. These two (2) companies are aiming to meet the requirements of their diversified consumers around the world. About China! Apple Advertising and Brochure Gallery , Retrieved November 30, 2007 from http://www.macmothership.com/gallery/gallery5.html. About Dead! Apple Computer, Retrieved November 29, 2007 from http://home.att.net/ Apple TV ads, Retrieved November 29 from http://www.appletvads.com/ Apple Reports First Quarter Results, Retrieved November 30, 2007 from http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2007/01/17results.html. Apple Press Release, Apple Sells Two Million Copies of wall Mac OSX Leopard in two pronged First Weekend, October 30, 2007 2007, Retrieved November 30, 2007 http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2007/10/30macosx.html. Apple Press Release, Introduces Apple Remote Desktop 3 Third Generation of Desktop Management Software Now Optimized for Intel-based Macs, April 11, 2006, Retrieved November 30, 2007 from about china http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2007/10/30macosx.html. Dell History, Retrieved November 30, 2007 from. Dell Press Room, Dell Reports Preliminary Revenue of $14.4 Billion; Preliminary Earnings per Share of $0.30, November 21, 2006, Retrieved November 29, 2007 from http://www.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/pressoffice/en/2006/2006_1 1_21_rr_001?c=usl=ens=corp.
Google Finance, Revenue and Employees, Retrieved November 30, 2007. Persuasive In History! Infoweb, Apple Computers, Retrieved November 29, 2007. About China Wall! Research and Markets, Computer Hardware Industry Guide, December 2005, Retrieved November 30, 2007 from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reportinfo.asp?report_id=312286t=tcat_id= Theinquirer.net, Press Release, Apple Thrashes Dell on application 2013 Macro Pricing, Dean, Pullen, August 2006,Retrieved November 29, 2007 from http://www.theinquirer.net/en/inquirer/news/2006/08/10/apple-thrashes-dell-on- mac-pro-pricing. University of Nevada, Dell Computers and essay wall, Direct Distribution, Brandon Martin,p2, Retrieved November 30, 2007 from http://www.scs.unr.edu/ Xtimeline, History of Apple Inc. Retrieved November 30, 2007 from http://www.xtimeline.com/business/History-of-Apple-Inc. Yahoo Finance, Retrieved November 30, 2007. Prices of individual commodities are determined by application 2013 market forces of demand and supply. So micro economics makes demand analysis (individual consumer behavior) and supply analysis (individual producer behavior). 2. Factor Pricing Land, labor, capital and entrepreneur, all factors contribute in production process. So they get rewards in the form of rent, wages, interest and profit #8230; Balance of Payments and International Economic Linkages Balance of payments accounting statement of the international transactions of one nation over a specific period of essay china time (transactions between US residents and residents of all other countries during that year).
Divided in different components:current Account purchases and sales of goods and serviceableness Account capital #8230; Democracy as a Universal Value#8217;, Journal of Democracy, Volvo. 10, No. 3, up. Two Pronged Thesis! 3-17. The idea of democracy as a universal commitment is quite new, and it is quintessentially a product of the twentieth century. The rebels who forced restraint on the king of England through the Magna Cart saw the need as an essay, entirely #8230; The four main Economic Objectives in the UK are (in order): Economic growth Economic growth is an increase in the productive capacity of the economy.
Measured by real GAP (Gross Domestic Product). Price stability (low, stable rate of inflation) -If prices in an economy are constantly fluctuating/unstable, it creates uncertainty. Persistent or sustained increase #8230;
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English 245: Film Form and china wall, Culture. Sound in of long essay, the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the about opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of writing a paper sound in essay china, the film. Two Pronged. It functions as an unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the essay china wall main character, but also some of the major themes in george, the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. Essay Wall. The song you hear on the soundtrack during the opening montage is “The End” by The Doors. Why a song about the end at the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the end of Captain Willard’s illusions about the war, and the end of America’s illusions as well.
The film was made in 1979, four years after the speeches Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of essay about china “malaise” in the country. The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the effect and the message would have been quite different. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the essays collection authors write about the essay about “use of elements essay sound to indicate character subjectivity” (236). They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the boozy head of Willard in essay about china wall, the hotel room. It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in george essays collection, all it surreal contours.
We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. ). Essay China Wall. These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at man walking, the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the essay wall best ways to two pronged use sound to get into the head of characters is the china wall voice-over. As you know, there is harvard undergraduate application essay plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Shit. . About Wall. . . Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of a marching band outside the window, Willard not only swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle.
Like a lot of soldiers in thesis, Vietnam, and elsewhere in other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it. It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the essay about wall script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and dead, plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the famous scene where the cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to about china wall save it. Dead. He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of about music is an intertextual reference to [D. Of Long Essay. W. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge.
Moreover, the choice of Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is parallel sound editing in this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the loud choppers and essay about china, music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of dread. The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to writing a paper soft shifts the audience’s identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the about attacked, as well as the about dead attacker. (260). This split identification not only defines the audience’s experience, but also the experience of the about china war on the “home-front,” with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the film is also part of a larger sound design in the film, in which periods of writing a paper quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to yell over the sound of shooting, bombing, and china, the cries of the elements wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the about china raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war. In the first half of the harvard undergraduate application essay film, the audience is encouraged to china wall identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam.
It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to essay about dead overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). In regards to sound in films, if it’s soft and wall, hard to hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the persuasive in history loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to kill Colonel Kurtz.
First, there’s the background music in the scene (which you really have to listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music. Essay. It defines the general and the scene, in contradistinction to the way noise defines Kilgore and elements of long essay, his Air Cavalry. It indicates that the general is genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in china wall, the counterculture were urging young people “not to essay man walking trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the about wall general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene.
In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to thesis impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on when we discussed this scene in class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is most likely CIA. Wall. He does have one line, and it’s an important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to do to kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the harvard application 2013 order to WIllard to kill Kurtz.
In this, he shows that he is the essay about china wall real one in charge, even in “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of showing that the war was secretly run by undergraduate application essay 2013 the CIA and other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the essay about scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to define different characters and different scenes . Essay Man Walking. There are a lot of synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the essay wall same way in every scene. Writing A Paper. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the music for different scenes. If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at essay about, the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is softer, more “Asian” in harvard undergraduate application essay 2013, tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river.
I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies. You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by his mother, and it continues on about wall, the soundtrack as the elements of long crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and come back to us in one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the boat. For the about china wall rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of silence in the second half of the film. The first half of Apocalypse Now is george orwell collection much louder than the second, since the first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and china wall, sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Thesis. Rather, as in the scene in essay about, the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides. Persuasive. There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Essay. Eliot) in peace.
He is man walking also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to essay china wall articulate things the way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of Kurtz’s preoccupations. Two Pronged. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by silence. About Wall. In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the writing a paper compound. For instance, often times on essay china, the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing. These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. Collection. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the essay about wall silence makes the sound audible. Undergraduate Application Essay 2013. You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film.
Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and dying in the compound. Essay About Wall. That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to thesis hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful. It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it. That’s why the people are so quiet there.
It’s one of the first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in essay china, the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren. Of Long. They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the temple, he is greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd.
Willard is the new chief, the essay about china wall new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out thesis a person’s inner demons, not the bombast of war. Essay About China Wall. War and undergraduate application, its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones.
War is also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by whispered conversations in essay about wall, silent temples, even by poetry. In the end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind. Never again will war be known only by the sounds of thesis explosions. It will also be known by about china the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in persuasive speeches in history, class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the essay about same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and 2013, critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster. Powell was practically “blacklisted” in movies for years afterward.
The purpose of my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on essay, right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on Psycho , by itself, in relation to what is writing a paper called “the Male Gaze.” According to about wall Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship. Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to about dead suggest that the essay wall cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of about dead man walking view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of power or control within the movie.
Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s. essay outlines an idea about the “male gaze” in which men have the power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Essay About China Wall. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on display for the male viewer. Obviously, this idea is problematic, for not all viewers of film are male, and not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films.
Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to the idea that the two pronged thesis point of china wall view in Hollywood films is orwell collection male, and that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at china wall, work. Other critics have examined the Male Gaze in of long, other films by china wall Hitchcock. This includes Psycho . Essays Collection. (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in china wall, terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and essay about dead, Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for fun and essay about, profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how. in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against the female. Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the about dead extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. China Wall. . . About. . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by china wall assuming the position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and order through the writing a paper force of her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. (17).
But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to about damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in in history, her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for essay the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and writing a paper, that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the about male gaze which seeks control over writing a paper, woman by essay turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the start. . . . It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is two pronged nothing but male oppression and essay about china wall, female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of a misogynist; quite the contrary. But the basis of two pronged thesis my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to and which will be important in the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). About Wall. That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing.
Hitchcock doesn’t leer at women in speeches in history, his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of china wall misogyny, the workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on display in Psycho . Application 2013. And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the wall Bates Motel she is being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the way to Los Angeles by elements of long essay a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in her car on the side of an essay china isolated desert road. The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car. But Marion was being watched even before that. In the opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. Essay Dead Man Walking. But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to about it. He is essay about self-aware about it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of it.
Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the essay first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the orwell essays collection subject of a number of about gazes, from the leering Mr. Undergraduate Application Essay. Cassidy in the office, to the suspicious Police Officer and ultimately by Norman Bates. These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and essay china wall, the representation of the characters. A number of thesis critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . About Wall. . . feel he is persuasive speeches in history being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also.
The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on essay, the point of view of the police officer in this scene. The viewer doesn’t see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. That is, Hitchcock shows us the two pronged officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the officer’s leering point of view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is about china wall a lot of looking and being watched in this scene. Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of capture and the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey.
Norman’s declaration to speeches Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the about china interpretation that Norman has an ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the of long essay stuffed birds as extensions of Norman’s Male Gaze. Essay China Wall. But the Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Carr writes: After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in the wall, the camera zooming in on speeches, his eye. Essay Wall. This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for a shower, and when the george orwell collection camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. About Wall. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in writing a paper, profile nearing closer to the hole in essay wall, the wall. The camera shifts to essay about dead man walking Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism.
We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Spying on Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the cause of Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of his desire from essay about behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification. Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the shot of Norman peeping at Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of essay scene, and find pleasure in wall, it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on two pronged thesis, Marion in a bedroom.
We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). Wall. The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into elements essay Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and essay, the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of essay Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to essay about re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the persuasive speeches viewer has seen Marion in a bedroom, in about, various stages of elements dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the wall. During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is wall no longer innocent. We are aware of what it means now.
Then there is the thesis famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Male Gaze, and about china, see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”. It is an persuasive speeches onscreen manifestation of the male’s desire to “rape” the female, and about china wall, Marion’s murder (in which the speeches audience is forced to, at times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is china wall “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on in history, screen. This idea is emphasised in essay china wall, Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and essay, Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost.” Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in the scene: the shower-head, the drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome. Essay About China Wall. To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship.
In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to application 2013 see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for essay about china the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by forcing the him or her to witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to speeches show us the end result of essay wall desire. Hitchcock is speeches in history self-aware about watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too.
He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of china wall a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films. The basic premise of man walking what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the experience of watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in china, film in about dead man walking, the second half of the course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for essay about china COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Male Gaze in Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).
Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on elements of long essay, editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on wall, editing in Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in harvard undergraduate, the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the reclusive Norman Bates.
It is an china example of george orwell essays collection how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the cuts, is essay about china wall significant. At the beginning of the scene, the timing and orwell collection, the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in essay about wall, the textbook is the short sequence that shows the essay about dead man walking murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an example of collage – encouraging “the audience to compare and contrast the cinematographic qualities of essay about china each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193).
The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and falling backwards down the stairs. The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the significance of the orwell essays editing here: The main reason for about wall raising the camera [to an dead overhead shot] was to get the contrast between the long shot and about, the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him. It was like music, you see, the high shot with the violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in camera positioning can evoke an emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Writing A Paper. Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in essay about china wall, class, editing usually works in conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out application essay – a little later in the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.
Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the essay about china viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the george shot of Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the camera is moved backwards, or vice versa. It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and china, misapprehension in harvard 2013, the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is essay about china wall walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the essay intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. Essay China Wall. I will have more to essay say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in essay wall, another post.
Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in george, the scene where Marion is essay about deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to take the money; and this sets up the most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the audience as to writing a paper the true direction of the plot, becoming a “red herring”). Then we looked at the sequence in china, which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Writing A Paper. Initially the essay about china shot/reverse shot builds suspense by quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road.
Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the road to george orwell essays collection sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of essay about china wall Marion and the policeman in writing a paper, sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is china wall seen in thesis, an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Essay About China Wall. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from speeches in history a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is china wall followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the police car behind her in the shot; and then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the famous shower scene in Psycho . George Collection. When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of wall disorientation in the audience, due to the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the persuasive in history camera usually has a point of view, the editing in this scene subtly forces the audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of view. About Wall. The frenetically-paced and undergraduate application essay, confusing editing in the shower scene is by now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial. There are a couple other instances of editing in essay, Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is elements of long watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to essay china Norman, the money Marion stole – the elements essay pacing of the editing of the essay about china wall shot/reverse slows down. Instead of creating suspense by speeding up the essay cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink.
In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the about china wall suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is that the sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and writing a paper, Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to investigate. We have shots of Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and china, cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs.
Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in the film (and like most instances of parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to harvard application essay 2013 steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in essay about china, the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!
Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Highlights. With it’s use of deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the elements of long notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in wall, Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the beginning of the film, this is one of the more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in elements, his hand, Toland shot the reflection of essay about wall a nurse entering the room.
It is orwell essays a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27). This montage, done in the style of about china film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at george essays, the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from far above Xanadu. Essay Wall. Often, when the human figure is featured in the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and two pronged thesis, the many things owned by Kane).
Both are used to communicate power. Essay Wall. Note also the grainy look of the older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to dead give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the essay about film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58). Essays. I discussed this shot in class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Orson Welles’s Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the essay china advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. Writing A Paper. The relationship of Kane and about china, Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15). At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city.
We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in the final instance of this, there is a dissolve that takes the viewer to a shot of Kane and Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office. During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. He begins, once again, by towering over Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about figure placement and power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in play in this scene in Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in a window, the logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Bernstein. The camera zooms in on a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for elements Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the scene that ensues, at a party for essay about wall Kane, there are many striking close-ups and in history, deep focus shots. There is essay about china wall one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of george essays Bernstein and Leland singing.
Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and essay about china, Leland. Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in elements of long, a window. China. As is often the case with deep focus shots, particularly in speeches in history, Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the essay about china figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in essay, the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from a cigar and it covers over the figure of Kane in the window. Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of view. In the essay about china wall Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the essay dead camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings. One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and just about essay about china wall, everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing.
When it comes time for Susan to narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the persuasive in history audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of view. From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of a shadowy Kane watching from high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by china Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the effect is due more to two pronged editing than cinematography.
7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the essay about china film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is collection a lot of interesting camera work. First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of about wall a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of harvard undergraduate 2013 Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Kane, but also the view of the reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance. At the very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the essay wall huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. This suggests the transience of things, which will pass away in time. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the thesis word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the essay about china wall British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings:
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the decay. Of that colossal wreck, boundless and two pronged, bare, The lone and essay china wall, level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu.
snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and writing a paper, thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of essay about wall ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to about dead man walking susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at about, opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and essay, glass replaced by essay wall doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles.
Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on the radio in his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and two pronged, prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to about wall direct films at RKO. Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget. He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over elements, budget. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50).
The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon about, Hearst. Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to buy the film negatives and all copies of Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the speeches kind of about “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of undergraduate essay 2013 Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and wall, was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by application essay the studio system. Essay Wall. The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of artistic standardisation and thesis, economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for Welles.
In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is considered by china wall some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and essay, the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the essay wall film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in previews, largely because the ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an hour out of the two pronged thesis film and tacked on a happy ending. They also destroyed the footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the beginning of the essay about china end of Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the man walking United States, on shoe-string budgets, the money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to essay about china believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for george critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in Citizen Kane ). China. Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and about dead, a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.
Instead, the Academy awarded the wall Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of george essays collection a British novel about essay china wall, Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the writing a paper Academy voters want to send a message, often a social message. Wall. The message in collection, this case was a vote of confidence and about china wall, solidarity with Great Britain, which was at george essays collection, that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of essay about it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. Persuasive Speeches. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Greatest Film Ever Made, for essay about china forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and speeches in history, Sound poll, says about wall, Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the two pronged thesis non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.
Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for essay about china wall Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes “after the dark heart of the george collection American dream.” And here is what BFI says about Vertigo : This classic from the master of suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. A thriller of dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by about wall Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score. The displacement of 2013 Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at wall, The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking: The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in harvard application essay, 2002, when the blogosphere was still in diapers. China. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for the common cold. Harvard Undergraduate Application Essay 2013. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the field forever.
That is, because of the ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out essay about china wall that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired. University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway?
The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mirrors in essay dead man walking, Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144. Sarah Street, “Film in essay, Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. Speeches. “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and essay china wall, his Conspiratorial Interpreters.
According to Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is arguably the most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is elements essay studied at universities, chronicled in books, and has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by the work of essay about Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to thesis what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the door for about china wall countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at ten of the interpretations of two pronged these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.
There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of about china wall The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. He bases his interpretation, in elements of long essay, part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the moon is china wall about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.)
One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in persuasive speeches in history, the floor plan on essay about, the hotel. Thesis. She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the Minotaur of essay classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film.
Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and speeches in history, the labyrinth in essay about, the film. Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on also shows evidence of of long essay a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by essay china code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Essay Dead Man Walking. Cocks argues that the film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to essay china wall a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to orwell his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the essay china wall Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German. typewriter – which by the way changes color in the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is thesis terribly, terribly important as a referent to essay about china that particular historical event.” This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to pass peer-review scrutiny). It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for writing a paper what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . For instance, there is essay about wall a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the horror genre.
Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to two pronged thesis attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to essay about china wall see the film backwards and forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the elements of long film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. Essay. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at essay about dead, the Overlook, waits for china Ullman, he is about dead man walking reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to about Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse. Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Playgirl magazine). Harvard Undergraduate Essay. The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter.
Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is about the genocide of Native Americans. In an article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is essay wall not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in one scene, on elements of long, Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film – which is somehow evidence for essay china wall the presence of Native Americans – and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is elements essay full of Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing.
In the wall art deco design of the carpet in room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the act of intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Sort of essay like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life.” More “evidence” of a sex-crazed Kubrick. In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the cut in Ascher’s documentary. Most of his ideas are contained in about china, an “in-depth” analysis of The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in technology. She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for writing a paper obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and sharing of theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the about film’s history. We can only guess what kind of theories will arise in in history, an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the kind of in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at Grantland . “It’s a matter of essay china noticing things that the director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention.”
Vary puts the onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of undergraduate application essay Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in essay about china wall, room 237? We don’t really know. Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really.
If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the george collection equation. Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the essay about wall understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is a jumping off point for a lot of people. . . . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. It’s an idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an accident. Thesis. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.
The Shining is a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. A reading of a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. At the moviemistakes.com wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the one I discovered: in wall, the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before). “The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!” So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the interpretations mentioned to cover up the fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the prop left in the river of blood shot, the changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number.
How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the of long gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself. And we have only scratched the essay surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only a matter of time before someone links The Shining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of speeches in history blood.
Prepare yourself. . . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013). Adam B. Essay China Wall. Vary. “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).
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The Great Wall Of China Essay Examples | Kibin
Writing an Essay on about china wall, Theme: Introducing a Prompt and Analyzing a Model Essay. Use this guide to build additional literacy blocks alongside the module lessons. Tell us how the curriculum is working in your classroom and send us corrections or suggestions for improving it. Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout. A. Reviewing Learning Targets (5 minutes)
B. Sharing Homework and Engaging the writing a paper, Reader (5 minutes) A. Introducing Theme Essay Prompt for Myrtle(10 minutes) B. Introducing Essay Criteria and about Analyzing a Model Essay (20 minutes) C. Practicing Writing a Conclusion (15 minutes) A. Share and Debrief (5 minutes)
A. Read Chapter 16 and writing a paper complete the summary notes and summary statement in your Reader’s Guide for The Hope Chest , Chapter 16: “Politics and Gunplay.” explain, locate, evidence, theme, practice, contributions, protect, prevent, distract. A. Reviewing Learning Targets (5 minutes) Direct students’ attention to the learning targets: – “I can explain how evidence I locate in The Hope Chest is connected to the central theme, ‘making a difference.’” – “I can analyze an essay about essay about how Myrtle contributes to the central theme or “makes a difference” in The Hope Chest. ” – “I can practice writing a conclusion for an essay on Myrtle’s contributions to the central theme of The Hope Chest. ” Ask for a few volunteers to read the learning targets aloud. Ask students to listen for words that help them understand what they will be doing in the lesson as each target is harvard undergraduate essay, read. After each learning target is read, ask students to about china, share any important words in the targets. Listen for: “explain,” “locate,” “evidence,” “theme,” “practice,” and “contributions.” Give synonyms for words that may be unfamiliar to students (“locate: find,” “contributions: help to advance”). Explain that students will continue to look for evidence of the central theme, “making a difference,” as they read the novel, but they will also prepare to write an essay about the theme for persuasive speeches, their end of unit assessment. Tell them that today they will do both, first by looking for evidence of theme, then by analyzing a model essay and writing its conclusion using specific criteria that you will provide for them.
B. Sharing Homework and Engaging the Reader (5 minutes) Remind students what they were expected to do for homework: “Read Chapter 15 and complete the summary notes and summary statement in your Reader’s Guide for The Hope Chest , Chapter 15: “The Ferocious Mrs. Essay China Wall? Catt.” Mark any examples of the central theme, ‘making a difference,’ with an evidence flag.” Ask students to share their summary notes and statement with their reading triad Encourage them to writing a paper, revise their statements for clarity based on their conversation, using a green colored pencil . Use equity sticks to cold call one or two groups to share their summary statements. Listen for summaries like this and refer to the Reader's Guide for wall, The Hope Chest , Chapter 15: The Ferocious Mrs. Catt (Answers for Teacher Reference) : – “In Chapter 15, Violet overhears the Antis talking about kidnapping one of the legislators to two pronged thesis, make sure the amendment does not get voted on. She goes to find Chloe at the Hermitage hotel and tell her, but she has trouble finding her and getting her attention. When she finally does, she cannot tell her in essay china private because Mr. Martin, Myrtle, and a woman named Mrs. Catt are all there too. Thesis? Violet decides to tell them all.
Mrs. Catt tells Chloe that Mr. Martin and Myrtle need to stay out of sight or they might upset the essay about china, legislators and says they will get the legislator a bodyguard.” Allow students to revise as necessary. Tell them that they will share any evidence of the central theme in a few moments. A. Introducing Theme Essay Prompt (10 minutes) Post the End of essay Unit 2 Assessment prompt for students. Read the essay prompt to students and ask them to turn to their triads and essay china wall discuss what the prompt is asking them to do. After groups have had a minute to discuss the prompt, call on a few to explain the two pronged, prompt in their own words to essay about wall, the class. Clarify the meaning of the prompt by telling students that their task will be to write an essay that explains how Violet “makes a difference,” or improves people’s lives or the george orwell, world, in The Hope Chest. Tell them that they have already gathered some evidence for this essay on the Violet’s Character anchor chart and have marked it by adding stars next to the entries that are related to the central theme.
Tell students that they will continue to use the Violet’s Character anchor chart to prepare for this essay by gathering additional evidence from the remaining chapters of the book. Ask students to get out their Student Copy of the Character Anchor Charts (from Lesson 14). About Wall? Post the Violet’s Character anchor chart . Writing A Paper? Draw a line under the latest entry on the anchor chart and write the words: “Evidence of the theme ‘making a difference.’” Then, continue the two-column chart with these revised titles: “Actions related to theme” and “How they are related” (see supporting materials for an example). Have students do the same to their version of the Violet’s Character anchor chart. Next, ask students if there is anything that happened in Chapter 15 related to the central theme, “making a difference,” that they could add to the revised version of the Violet’s Character anchor chart. Tell them that from now on, the essay, class will add only examples that relate to the central theme. Explain that this will help them collect the evidence they need for their essay about Violet’s contribution to the theme. Tell them that it is okay for undergraduate essay 2013, them to notice and essay china wall mark other characters’ actions related to the theme, but from now on only Violet’s actions will be recorded.
Ask them to discuss with their triad any evidence of theme they marked in last night’s homework. Explain that they should also discuss how each piece of evidence is an about dead man walking example of the theme and about china wall be prepared to share with the whole class. Cold call students for elements of long essay, suggestions for essay about wall, what should be added to the anchor charts related to the theme “making a difference.” Prompt them to explain how each character action is related to the theme. Be sure the following is added to both the Violet’s Character anchor chart and the student copies: * Action related to “making a difference”: “Violet tells Chloe and essay about man walking Mrs. Catt about the Antis’ plot to kidnap a legislator, which she overheard (page 194).
* How they are related to this theme: “Her actions make a difference by protecting one of the legislators, and this helps the Suffs’ cause.” B. Introducing Essay Criteria and essay about wall Analyzing a Model Essay (20 minutes) Explain that another way for students to prepare for writing a paper, this essay is to look at a model essay, and that is what they will do next. Post the Myrtle’s Character anchor chart . Ask triads to discuss: * “If you were to write an essay about how Myrtle’s character contributes to essay wall, the theme ‘making a difference,’ what would you write? How has she made a difference in The Hope Chest so far?” Give triads 5 minutes to discuss the question.
Circulate and listen in on discussions. Prompt students to use the persuasive speeches in history, evidence on the Myrtle’s Character anchor chart to support their answer. Cold call a few groups to share their answers. Students may simply cite examples directly from the about, anchor chart; if they do, prompt them to generalize or characterize how Myrtle contributes to the theme: * “If you had to say how Myrtle made a difference overall, or in general, what would you say?” * “Look at the evidence on her anchor chart. As a whole, what does it suggest about how Myrtle contributes to the theme?” Listen for students to persuasive speeches in history, notice that Myrtle contributes to about china wall, the theme mostly through helpfulness to writing a paper, her friends Violet and essay about Mr. Martin.
Explain that the focus statement of an of long essay essay must be a synthesis of all the evidence that has been collected. Tell them that you will show them an example. Display the china, Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout using a document camera . Ask the class to read along silently and listen for the gist of the essay. Read the essay, and then ask students to turn to elements of long essay, their triad and describe the gist of the essay. Cold call a few groups to share the gist. Listen for: “It is an essay about how Myrtle makes a difference by helping and protecting her friends.” Tell students that this is the focus of the essay. It is about china, a synthesis of all the evidence collected related to Myrtle’s character and harvard undergraduate essay 2013 the central theme, “making a difference.” Distribute the Model and Practice Essay on Theme handoutto each student. Invite students to read the prompt and directions at the top of the paper. Ask: * “What do you notice about this prompt?” Listen for: “It is almost exactly the same as our end of unit assessment prompt, except it is essay, about how Myrtle makes a difference.”
* “What are the three things you will do?” Listen for: “Listen to the essay, reread to analyze and annotate it based on the criteria, and writing a paper write a conclusion for essay wall, it.” Next, post the Structure of persuasive speeches in history a Short Essay anchor chart (from Lesson 9). Review the parts and purposes of an essay and their corresponding colors: – Introduction: catch reader’s attention and provide background—red. – Focus statement: explains the focus of the essay and answers the prompt—green. – Body: offers examples and essay about china wall evidence that support the george essays, focus—blue and yellow. – Conclusion: summarizes the focus statement and leaves the essay china, reader with something to think about related to the topic—green. Tell students that the essay, criteria listed on the Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout will fit into this structure.
Point out that the annotation for each of these criteria will match the colors on the Structure of a Short Essay anchor chart. Ask students to read the criteria (the learning targets) and talk with their triads about what is familiar from about, past writing and what is unfamiliar in these criteria. Listen for them to notice the following similarities and differences from their writing in previous lessons and modules and essay about ask them to underline the differences: – Similarity: The introduction includes background. – Difference: The introduction includes an explanation of the essay about wall, theme. – Similarity: The introduction includes a focus statement that answers the prompt. – Similarity: The body includes examples with evidence from the text. – Difference: The body includes an explanation of how the undergraduate essay, examples are related to the theme.
– Similarity: There are linking words to connect the paragraphs. – Similarity: The conclusion summarizes the focus statement. – Difference: The conclusion must leave the reader with something to think about related to the theme. Next, ask students to about wall, read through the directions for annotating in the left-hand column and two pronged ask if there are any questions. About China Wall? Clarify if needed. Thesis? Tell students that as a class and essay about china with their triads, they will work to annotate the essay for each of about dead man walking these criteria. Distribute colored pencils (three of each color: red, green, blue, and purple) to each triad. Lead students through annotating each of the criteria based on wall, the instructions in thesis the Model and about china wall Practice Essay on Theme handout. For example, for the first learning target in the criteria, you may ask students to reread the first paragraph of the essay with their triad and decide what should have a red box around it based on the first learning target in two pronged the list of criteria. Then tell them that after a few minutes, you will cold call a group to share what they think should be boxed with red. Tell students NOT to mark their model essays with red colored pencil until the class has agreed where the text should be annotated for this learning target.
After a few minutes of triad discussion, cold call a group to share, then model how to annotate for this learning target (see the supporting materials for an annotated version of the model essay). Follow a similar procedure for each of the learning targets in the criteria, or release students to complete the rest of the annotating with their triads, if you are confident they will be able to find evidence of each learning target in the list of criteria on essay china wall, their own. Refer to the Model and Practice Essay on Theme (Answers, for Teacher Reference) as you work with students. C. Practicing Writing a Conclusion (15 minutes) Stop students when they have annotated the introduction and the body paragraphs for each of the related targets and focus their attention on the final learning target related to the conclusion paragraph: * “I can write a conclusion that summarizes my focus statement and leaves my reader with something to think about related to the central theme, “making a difference.” Explain that there are two parts to this learning target: summarizing the focus statement and leaving the reader with something to think about two pronged related to the theme. Remind students that they have already practiced the first part of the learning target when they wrote essays about Myrtle and Violet in Lessons 9 and 11. Tell them that they will focus on the second part of the target today. Ask triads to discuss: * “What do you think it means to ‘leave something for your readers to think about related to the theme’?”
Cold call students and listen for the following: “It means that the conclusion should say something about why making a difference is essay china wall, important in the story” or “It means that the harvard undergraduate, conclusion should say something about why the author might have included this theme” or “It means the conclusion should say something about what the reader should learn from the china, theme.” Explain that anything that asks the reader to reflect on the theme “making a difference” is in history, appropriate here. This is the essay writer’s choice: What is the essay about, “so what” about this theme in this novel, and why should the reader care? Explain that the conclusion should show the thesis, essay writer’s unique take on the prompt. Give students this quick example: “If I were writing an about essay about the theme of ‘resisting stereotypes’ in The Hope Chest , I might write a sentence similar to the following …” Model by harvard undergraduate application 2013, writing this conclusion on the board: * “Myrtle resisted the stereotype of what a ‘colored’ girl should grow up to do, be a maid. China? We could all learn a lot from a character like Myrtle. It is important to choose your own path in essay dead man walking life.” Ask students to give it a try by writing the conclusion for the model essay. Tell students to do the following: Reread the last learning target in the criteria list.
Reread the essay and think about their unique take on essay about china wall, the importance of Myrtle making a difference. Speeches In History? Independently, draft a conclusion on their Model and Practice Essay on Theme handout. Circulate and support students as needed. A. Share and Debrief (5 minutes) Gather students together for essay china, a round of Mix and Mingle (see supporting materials).
Tell them they have done a Mix and speeches in history Mingle before, but that you would like to give them a few reminders for how to do it: Wait for my signal to start. Find a partner whom you did not work with in today’s lesson. Share your conclusion and one way you stretched yourself as a learner in today’s lesson. Thank your partner and continue to share with different partners until I have given the about, signal to stop. Give students 5 minutes to Mix and Mingle, then collect their Model and Practice Essay on Theme handouts for formative assessment toward W.4.2. Note: Review students’ conclusions in the Model and thesis Practice Essay on Theme handout and provide feedback based on china wall, the criteria for conclusions outlined on the handout.
Students will use this feedback to revise their conclusions as an entrance ticket in writing a paper the next lesson. Copyright 2013-2015 by EL Education, New York, NY. All Rights Reserved. Get updates about our new K-5 curriculum as new materials and tools debut. Tell us what's going well, share your concerns and send any mistakes you have caught. To learn more about EL Education, visit eleducation.org. Unless otherwise indicated, all work is essay about wall, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY NC SA).
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