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My Hobby Role Play for English Communication. _____ My Hobbies The Role: You have a hobby . Let’s talk about route, it. Custom. A. 66 Photo Essay. Answer the question in one word: . What is your name? What is your favorite hobby ? Where did you learn to do it? How do you do the hobby with? What hobby would you like to learn? B. Make a new friend. Talk about your hobbies together. C. Don’t forget. Write down what you learned about your friends hobby . Hobby Learned by Wants to My name is . Fold Here My name is . 2007 singles , Educational psychology , High school 432 Words | 5 Pages.
Football Days Everyone has a special hobby , or sport that they love to do. It could be anywhere from singing , to playing . baseball. Essay. My hobby is football. 66 Photo. I love the sport and it takes up a huge portion of my life. Resume Is Depriaates. I spend my time playing football for route 66 photo, West Jr., but not only do I love to is depriaates, play the sport, I also love to watch other teams play. My favorite NCAA team is of course the Missouri Tigers, my home state team, followed by Oklahoma, which just happens to be one of essay Missouri’s rival teams. American football , Canadian football , Football 603 Words | 2 Pages. I am a student in the Model School. It is situated near our house.
Every morning my elder brother escorts me to the school. He comes again to essay theory, . Route. pick me up in the afternoon. I like my school very much. The teachers are good and essay on economic theory helpful. Route. They teach us many new things every day. My classmates are also good. I have three intimate friends in my class. Custom Book Report. They are Ramen, Peter and Suleman. Route. I invite them on my birthday in our house. Resume. Our school is surrounded by a green lawn.
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I love to sing, I've been singing for quite some time now. Route. I'm the route 66 photo only high img tgif oomph sunny knob duh JFK DB high Orgy oil Darth IMO . tbh Iggy shh piggy shh img duh mi TN shh:) Ugh king shh gg piggy tbh PhD do on stop oak knick omg ebb Shook odd sink old shoo UHF idk PhD ash oomph DJ omg Child shill ply floor San PC TV PS fm lbs sings Gdansk PhD RN KFC DB JFK LSD hook DJ Hers HD I DJs HD d Kind Msgs HSBC Hers Yves Headache McKenzie HSBC Hers Bend Ken shush cbcjcndjxkd . Gh , Trigraph 353 Words | 3 Pages. My hobby (Pleasures of books reading, or how I spend my leisure time) Outline: 1. Essay Email. Introduction 2. . Different kinds of hobbies 3. Route 66 Photo. My hobby -book reading 4. Pleasures of berklee essay book reading i. Route 66 Photo. Illuminates ii. Gives knowledge iii. Treasure of wisdom and wise suggestions iv. 66 Photo Essay. A friend to the friendless 5. Selection of books 6. Bad effects of bad books 7. Route. Conclusion It is said that an essay on eugene onegin empty mind is devil’s workshop. The moment we sit idle, devil starts instilling. Digestion , Hobby , Leisure 460 Words | 2 Pages. A hobby is some task that keeps us busy and also entertained when we are free from our routine works. 66 Photo. This is essay, also something that keeps us and . Essay. makes us aware of our inner desires, talents and capacities. Our hobbies are usually somethings that we as individuals like to do besides our daily chores.
Hobbies are thus of essay many different kinds, each person having a hobby that caters to his/her likes, talents and innate desires. This is why there are many kinds of 66 photo essay hobbies like reading, playing, socialising. Collecting , Hobby , Leisure 643 Words | 2 Pages. lift my head up and open my mouth, my voice escalates with every tune that comes out. The soothing words bounce off . of my tongue and richard cantillon's on economic theory release the tension held within. Even if the route sounds aren't perfect or correct, every little bit helps me get through the custom day.
When stressed, nothing helps me more than singing . My passion for singing comes from deep within my soul, mind and essay heart. When I sing, I sing with all of me, putting everything I can into it. I have always had a great passion for singing , ever. Aerosmith , Emotion , English-language films 771 Words | 2 Pages. in a natural hobby “gardening”.
This is not only refreshing but is full of cantillon's essay on economic natural benefits. It helps to relive our stress and makes us relax. . 66 Photo. Fresh air keeps our lungs healthy. Gardening can be described as “love for garden and its inhabitants”. Here inhabitants are all creatures living in garden like flowers, trees, butterflies or all insects etc. Book Report. Gardening as my hobby , derives great pleasure for me. I love planting flowers, especially some vegetables of the essay particular season in onegin my garden. Besides. Agriculture , Flower , Health 519 Words | 2 Pages. My Hobby My hobby Everybody has different hobbies that we enjoy and 66 photo essay do it for fun or . relaxation.
They can be either physical activities like jogging, playing football, swimming, … or mental activities like reading, watching movies, playing computers… and it depend on personality. My bobby is football because it’s part of essay email my life and I cannot live without it and I have playing this sport since I was a litle boy. Nowdays looks like everibody is playing football and it most popular sport in the. American football , Association football , Australian rules football 493 Words | 2 Pages. Over the last few years, as I got bored with my life and tried to pick up some new hobbies to make my life more . enjoyable, I came across so many great things from indoor rock climbing, gardening to making handmade stuffs. Route Essay. Among all those things, I really got into making scrapbook since I has discovered a lot about on eugene onegin, myself doing so. First of all, scrapbooking is route 66 photo essay, a popular past time of many people, especially women. This is the way of cantillon's essay theory keeping personal and family history in 66 photo essay the decorated book. Berklee Essay Email. It.
Arts and crafts , Photograph , Photography 716 Words | 2 Pages. | A hobby is what people enjoy doing in their free time. People . have different hobbies such as playing guitar, watching movies, reading books, sleeping etc. My hobby is playing football. Route 66 Photo. Football is the route 66 photo most popular sport in the world and 66 photo essay is played in a lot of countries. I started to berklee, play football when I was ten. At the 66 photo essay first time, my father did not allow me to custom, play football because he thought it would be dangerous. American football , Football , Help 399 Words | 2 Pages. GUITAR IS MY HOBBY Good morning to madam Wan Narmi Aziana and my fellow friends, today I would like to talk . about my hobby . Everybody has his or her own hobby . For me, my favorite hobby is music and playing a guitar and of course, listens to music as well. I like Jazz and other genre such as Pop and 66 photo Classic, because this music creates a unique different feeling when you listened to them. It gives you the resume feeling of relaxation and has many unexpected tunes that actually very nice to hear from a.
2008 albums , Blues , Guitar 515 Words | 2 Pages. Hobbies can enhance a person’s well being. Many people enjoy hobbies . I know people who enjoy football, baseball, basketball, . Route 66 Photo. etc. Many people also enjoy more relaxing or not so physical hobbies . Cantillon's Theory. For example, sewing, quilting, or reading. My personal three favorite hobbies are music, scrap booking, and cooking. Music is something I have done my entire life.
At this point in time I sing, play piano, viola, and the oboe. I have been singing since before I can remember. My very first vocal. Alton Brown , Cooking , Educational years 479 Words | 2 Pages. Music is route 66 photo, My Hobby Everybody has his or her own hobby . Custom Book Report. For me, my favorite hobby is . Essay. playing music and of course, listens to music as well. I prefer Jazz to any other genre such as Pop and Classic, because Jazz music creates a unique different atmosphere when you listened to them. Richard Cantillon's On Economic Theory. It gives you the feeling of relaxation and has many unexpected tunes that actually very nice to hear from a song, which made me interested and curious to learn it. My love of music began in 66 photo the first year of my elementary.
Blues , Funk , Guitar 548 Words | 2 Pages. My hobby is cantillon's essay theory, stamp colleting. When I was still only a baby, my mother began to collect for route 66 photo, me. Of course, she did . not let me touch the on eugene onegin stamps until I was old enough not to spoil them. I remember that it was on route 66 photo, my fifteenth birthday that she first put them into my hands. They were in four fat books, but since that time I have added three more, so that now I have a bigger collection than any of my friends. How do I get my stamps? I have never bought a single one from a shop -- so my collection. A Story , I-Pass , Mother 688 Words | 2 Pages. KEBANGSAAN TEMBAK, 09300 KUALA KETILTHEME : WORLD OF SELF, FAMILY AND FRIENDSTOPIC : FAVOURITE PASTIMEMY FAVOURITE HOBBY Good morning to all . Route 66 Photo. judges, teachers, fellow contestants andaudiences. I would grasp this honour today to tell about my favourite hobby.A hobby is a kind of amusement, an interesting pursuit which fruitfullyoccupies our leisure hours.
There are many kinds of hobbies like collectingthings, games and 66 photo sports, photography, painting, reading or even gardening.Hobbies may be constructive. Commemorative stamp , Postage stamp , Stamp collecting 468 Words | 3 Pages. reason that I love Rap Music is because it elevates my concentration when I am working out. When I am trying to surpass my . personal best in any exercise, all I have to do is listen to a motivational type of Rap Music and I am able to search of hbo, focus better. I remember a time when I was attending a High School track practice. I was at a plateau with my leg press, all of essay a sudden I hear a Rap tune on the radio, and I was able to lift ten pounds more than my previous personal best leg press.
I knew at that point. African American , Blues , Fabolous 523 Words | 2 Pages. ancestors in essay on eugene onegin a battle trance, a specific altered state of consciousness. Essay. In this state hominids were losing their individual identity and were . acquiring collective identity.Jonathan Pieslak researched, that some contemporary military units use loud group singing and dancing in order to prepare themselves for search, the dangerous combat missions. According to route 66 photo, Jordania, this trance-inducing ability of dance comes from human evolutionary past and includes as well a phenomenon of military drill. which is berklee essay, also based. America's Best Dance Crew , Dance , Dance music 490 Words | 2 Pages. My Journey through Song Natosha Robinson Strayer University Psy-105 Intro to Psychology Clinton D. Gortney 4/29/13 My . 66 Photo Essay. Journey through Song “This Little Light of Mine” written by resume is depriaates Harry Dixon Loess in1920, is a popular song that I frequented as a child in route 66 photo essay the church choir. (Refrence.com Answers, 2013) Moving on 66 photo essay, through school, I learned how much singing played a major part of my academic career. Now as an adult, I give back through singing . Singing is both therapeutic and calming. . Choir , College , High school 547 Words | 2 Pages. Dangerous Hobbies Breanna Fowkes 401 November 6, 2013 Compare and route essay . Contrast Essay Final Copy Breanna Fowkes 401 11/4/13 CC FC Dangerous Hobbies Everyone in the world has a favorite hobby , whether it is art, reading, sports, fashion, anything, everyone has at least one that they enjoy above all the rest.
Each hobby is chosen for a different reason, sometimes it’s just because of the fun, other times the thrill, maybe. Arabian horse , Domestication of the custom book horse , Draft horse 880 Words | 3 Pages. Sharon P. Lam 18 September 2013 Period 2 Singing is my life Singing is who I am. Route. It defines me as a . Route 66 Photo Essay. human being; an individual. When I was young living with poverty, all I had was God, my family, and the sensational feeling of essay singing . While we were going through ups and downs my family always encouraged me to book, sing to god for route essay, help. So every day before I go to sleep I would sing the same song my grandma taught me as a prayer to route 66 photo essay, God for blessing my family and I for getting us to where we are.
2008 albums , Death , English-language films 456 Words | 2 Pages. ?????????? MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING ??,???; ???: ssw/nk/15-11-2013 SELLER: USD . Route 66 Photo. TRANSACTION CODE: ??,???; BUYER : HKD 1?????????????,????????? ?????????????????????,?????????????????????? FOREIGN EXCHANGE:FROM UNITED STATES DOLLARS CASH NOTES TO OTHER INTERNATIONAL CURRENCIES,TENTATIVE. Currency , Dollar , Exchange rate 812 Words | 3 Pages. ?Doris Lessing is a British writer who was born in essay on eugene 1919 in Kermanshah, Iran. She published her first novel The Grass is Singing in England in . 1950.
The title of this novel was taken from T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land. This title is included in route these lines: In this decayed hole among the mountains In the essay on eugene onegin faint moonlight, the grass is singing Over the tumbled graves, about the chapel There is the empty chapel, only the wind's home. It has no windows, and the door swings, Dry bones can harm. British Empire , Doris Lessing , Novel 1372 Words | 4 Pages. My Life Without music, my life would be a mistake because I exist in a world filled with songbirds. I live in a world filled . with colorful hopes and dreams. 66 Photo. I dream to climb the ladder of fame but I realize that living simply is my happiness while doing my very best to achieve my dreams no matter how high or low they are. I have many affiliations since elementary and route most of these are into route, singing because it is one way of expressing myself.
When I was a child, I already use my talent in route 66 photo singing. 2007 singles , 2008 albums , Diana DeGarmo 525 Words | 2 Pages. Life without a hobby is like food without the salt. It is route 66 photo essay, a hobby which makes living interesting. It is a pursuit outside one’s . regular work.
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Then I got to thinking and I finally realized that my hobby is gaming. Yes, I know that to some people gaming is not considered a true hobby and they think that it is resume is depriaates, a “useless” hobby ; but the way I see it, if I enjoy gaming. Game , Play 593 Words | 2 Pages. Everybody has different hobbies that he or she would like to do for fun or relaxation. They can be either physical activities like jogging, . football, swimming, skateboarding… or mental activities like reading, watching movies, playing computers… and depend on each personality. For me, soccer is my hobby because it’s part of my life and I cannot live without it. Route Essay. Living in berklee email country like Vietnam, soccer is the 66 photo essay king of essay on economic theory sport. That is why it is not surprising that my childhood has grown up with the route 66 photo soccer’s. Association football , FIFA World Cup , Football 559 Words | 2 Pages. ?A hobby can be almost anything a person like to do in his spare time.
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Noun phrase. A noun and all its modifiers (articles, adjectives, adverbs modifying those adjectives). Some grammarians include prepositions that modify the noun. Noun phrase: An entirely new culture emerges when people can work together to build a wiki. Phrase: A phrase is a group of cantillon's on economic theory related. Adjective , Clause , Dependent clause 1128 Words | 3 Pages. The Islamia University of Bahawalpur Department of Islamic Studies First Merit List for Admission Session 2010-11 Date of route 66 photo Displying List 04-10-2010 . (Monday) Last Date for Submission of Dues 07-10-2010 (Thursday) The Following Candidates have been selected for Admission to Class for is depriaates, the Academic Session 2010-11 Subject to the Following Conditions. 1 Any Candidate who is found (At Any Time) to have obtained Admission by making any miss-statement in the Admission form or by willful concealment. 175 , Bahawalpur , Islam 1204 Words | 5 Pages. Psy 202: Journey from My Past to My Future.
Journey from My Past to My Future Courtney L. Zellars PSY 202 Mr. Sperling December 19, 2011 Journey from . My Past to My Future Growing and developing into 66 photo essay, the person I am now has been quite a journey. I have had so many ups and custom report downs throughout my development, from childhood to adulthood, that it feels as though I am in a whirlwind. However, I have managed to stay strong and succeed in everything I have set my mind to 66 photo essay, so far. Custom Book. As I talk about essay, my journey in this paper, I will relate. Elasticity , Family , Future 1821 Words | 5 Pages. my favorite hobbies Movie is one of my biggest hobbies . Each film has its own beauty, . therefore, it’s really hard for me to pick one to be the cantillon's movie that I like the most. 66 Photo. However, according to some films I have watched recently, it is nothing but ‘the pursuit of custom happiness’ which has great influence on me.
The beautiful relationship between father and son is the thing that makes me like it. ‘The pursuit of 66 photo essay happiness’ tells us the story of search of hbo a father and his little son. After a fail investment. 2007 singles , Family , Film 433 Words | 2 Pages. Korey Norris College Composition Final Draft HOBBIES ARE FUN I have had many . hobbies through out my life, snowboarding, mountain biking, rock climbing in 66 photo essay Arizona, hiking, camping. 66 Photo. It seems the older I get though the less time and money, I have to route 66 photo essay, do these fun activities. So what’s the deal, why do we feel the need to custom, pursue these avenues? Because it’s entertaining, it lets us forget about route essay, all our responsibilities, it lets us become that. Cycling , Doing It , Dune buggy 958 Words | 6 Pages. This is a speech about my hobby which is driving. just for a little while.
I live in an apartment in Brooklyn and share a bedroom with my little sister which is a huge stress factor in . my life. I didn't have many options when I was a young teen. Route. Where was a young girl like me supposed to go when I had had enough? Public transportation never appealed to me. I wasn't old enough to drive yet, so the only thing I could do was go outside and essay hang out on the block with my neighborhood friends. But I yearned to resume, be off by myself once in essay a while and taking. American films , English-language films , Long Island 1004 Words | 3 Pages. different levels of thinking? One could argue that there are five levels or another could argue that there is only one. In William Golding's narrative, . Thinking as a hobby , Golding illustrates his three levels of thinking and justifies why grade one thinkers are superior when compared to resume of hbo, grade 2 and 3 thinking.
In Thinking as a Hobby written by route 66 photo essay William Golding, Golding presents to the reader about report, how a grade 3 thinker thinks like through a flashback to his children years. In his flashback or. Educational years , Second grade , Third grade 577 Words | 4 Pages. ? My hobby is playing badminton. I started playing badminton when I was six years old.
I need a badminton racket and some . shuttlecocks to play badminton. I don't spend too much money on route essay, my hobby . I like playing badminton because it is berklee essay, interesting and it can make me healthy. I often play badminton in the park. I play badminton with my friends. I often go to play badminton on Saturdays. I like playing badminton very much. Badminton is a racquet sport played by route either two opposing players (singles). American football , Badminton , Game 585 Words | 2 Pages.
PLAY : HOBBIES AND INTERESTS TALENTED US ! SCENE 1 In the early morning, seven best friends are chatting about cantillon's essay, their hobby in . the classroom. Law : Lisa, what are you doing? Do you like to dream alone? Lisa : No, I am just possing like a modelling. Law : Do you like to be a modelling? Lisa : No, I just like to pose like a model only. Essay. I like to 66 photo essay, pose with my nice dress. Law : Oh, same with me. Route 66 Photo Essay. I like it too ! Lisa amp; Law : Oh, yeahhh. (being excited because they share same hobby ) Daus. 2007 singles , Amy Irving , Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs number-one singles 1211 Words | 4 Pages.
essay My latest long weekend in Puncak Puncak in Bogor, West Java is one of the most relaxing places for berklee email, vacation. People who live in . Jakarta and route essay Bandung usually spend their weekend in there. It will take one and a half hour from Jakarta. Resume Is Depriaates. We can go there by public transportation such as bus or if we want to go there without worry about the traffic we can go by private transportation. My classmates and I went to Puncak for spending our weekend before the mid-term exams. For this vacation my friend. Breakfast , Digital single-lens reflex camera , Friendship 806 Words | 3 Pages. ? Hobby is a pursuit outside one’s regular work. It gives one joy and pleasure. Since it is a pleasure, one does not get tired of it.
Hobb . y is used to pastime, making life more relaxing. Route Essay. Life without a hobby is like food without salt. Hobby can add colors into our boring lives. In addition, hobby can also eventually become more compelling to essay, human as it gives motivation.There is no actual definition to hobby . As long as the individual is happy, it could become their hobby . However there are a few hobbies which most people have. Cooking , Culinary art , Erno Rubik 1096 Words | 3 Pages. My Three Favorite Hobbies Most of my day consists of studies, doing house choirs and going to school. With all . that, all my time is usually taken up. It is very hard to find time for myself. It can get very stressful with homework, traffic, and route essay getting work completed on time.
When I do get the chance to essay, have some extra time, I have many other activities I enjoy doing. Route Essay. A few of my hobbies include, sleeping, going to the movies, and listening to music. First, I enjoy sleeping every chance I. Debut albums , Hobby , Idea 666 Words | 2 Pages. my hobbies weeknesses and strengths.
My hobbies Badminton is my favourite sport. It is the fastest racket game in the world. It is played with rackets . and onegin a shuttlecock. There are six main shots: the serve, the clear, the drop, the route smash, the forehand drive and the backhand drive. The court on which badminton is played is in the shape of a rectangle and is divided in half by essay a net. I started playing badminton when I was old enough or strong enough to route 66 photo essay, swing the resume rackets. I love racket sports, especially badminton because badminton. Calligraphy , Learning , Pen 522 Words | 2 Pages. Muhammad Arfiza Shahab.
He wants to route essay, tell about custom, himself. Hello, my friend. I want to route, introduce myself. My name is on eugene onegin, Iqbal Dhiafakhri . Ramadhan. My family calls me Iqbal. I am from Surabaya.
I live at Jalan Pondok Kopi III B No. D6 Jakarta Timur. I was born on 28th Desember 1999 in Surabaya. I am fourteen years old. I am in the first year of 66 photo SMP Global Islamic School Jakarta Timur.
My hobby is playing football, reading book and singing . Nice to meet you. * Provide the learning experience : Teaching. Education , Intelligence , Knowledge 930 Words | 5 Pages. Wind blowing into my face, my eyes where after few seconds the tears come out and is depriaates I am speeding and crying but this are not the . Route 66 Photo. tears of sadness but the tears of cantillon's essay on economic joy. Essay. Stop. Route Essay. Here I am in the most beautiful place in the world, surrounded by mountains covered in route essay snow.
Sun is shining, even though it’s minus ten but I haven’t even noticed because I’m too happy. I have the feeling of being on top of the world and that there’s nothing that can stop me. It’s great to essay on eugene onegin, have a passion that makes you feel. 2009 albums , Compilation albums , English-language films 628 Words | 2 Pages. MY DAY I want to tell you about my daily routine. Every day I usually get up at half past 8 in 66 photo essay the morning.
I make . my bed. I just don’t like when my room is custom, messy. Then do some exercises. 66 Photo Essay. Usually I take a shower in the morning. I go to the bathroom where I wash my face and brush my teeth. After this I do not feel sleepy at report, all. I feel full of route 66 photo essay energy and ready for the new day.
Then I make breakfast for resume, myself. I usually have porridge, omelet or pancakes and a sandwich with tea for breakfast. Dinner , Family , Hobby 1454 Words | 4 Pages. A hobby is a regularly activity that is done for pleasure, typically, during one's leisure time. Route. Hobbies can include: the . collection of themed items and objects, engaging in creative and artistic pursuits, playing sports, along with many more examples. By continually participating in a particular hobby , one can acquire substantial skill and knowledge in that area. Generally speaking, a person who engages in an activity solely for fun is called an amateur (or hobbyist), as opposed to resume is depriaates, a professional. 1:32 scale , Amateur , Collecting 2267 Words | 8 Pages. THE SINGING MASTER An Undergraduate Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Computer Studies Department Cavite State University – Imus Campus . Imus, Cavite In partial fulfilment of the requirements for 66 photo essay, the degree of Bachelor of Science in Information Technology Arjay Joseph S. Urrete Maharlika M. Pamulaya CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION THE SINGING MASTER Communication is custom, a core element to society’s foundation.
It defined as the interchange of thoughts, feelings and route essay emotions. It enhances and supports new. Cavite , English language , Graphical user interface 1273 Words | 4 Pages. My Hobby My hobby is route essay, skateboarding this is route 66 photo, a worldwide sport in the X games. On Economic. Skateboarding was . invented a long while ago by Australian surfers when there weren’t any waves they attached wheels to 66 photo, their surf boards and onegin ‘land surfed’. There has been many historic moments in skateboarding like when Tony Hawk did the world’s first 900 degree spin (2 ? turns) in the X games competition also Danny Way jumped the opening gate for the great wall of china also the latest historic moment is 16 year old Mitchie. Handedness , Left-handedness , Right-handedness 546 Words | 2 Pages.
The most Unusual Hobbies in the World. What is a hobby ? Passion? Work? Holiday? Or all together? Hobby is essay, what a . Richard Theory. person likes to do in his spare time. Many people spend a lot of time and money for 66 photo, their hobby , but for someone a hobby is cantillon's, like a profession. And it even become a way of making money.
The human imagination is truly boundless: people come up with all kinds of route 66 photo essay ideas and they do not hesitate to put them into resume is depriaates, practice. Here are the examples of the most unusual hobbies in 66 photo the world. . Angelina Jolie , Death , Extreme ironing 854 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Hobbies around the World The dictionary definition of hobbies is an on eugene onegin activity or interest pursued for route 66 photo essay, delectation or . felicity and not as a main vocation. On par with this theory, many would delegate many evanescent pursuits such as eating, talking or joking as one. On contrary to normal beliefs, people earn money doing their hobbies , which in other words means that somebody managed to turn a hobby into a job.
Did you know that there are so many millionaires in this world, who would never have. Amateur astronomy , Axel Erlandson , Collecting 1871 Words | 5 Pages. Angelo. Singing honestly makes me forget everything that I think about daily, especially when I’m truly singing I feel the . happiest that I believe I ever could. Essay On Eugene Onegin. I believe that even if you think you can’t sing well, you should sing anyways because it’s the one thing in the world that everyone agrees on.
Not the route 66 photo language, but the music notes, the onegin counting and the lettering is the essay same anywhere in on eugene the world you go. Route 66 Photo Essay. That way we can all sing together. Singing releases my anger, my hurt, and custom report my sadness. Belt , Feeling , Rock music 2110 Words | 5 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. My mom is 66 photo, definitly my best . friend. She has been here for me through think and thin, good and bad, and berklee email ups and route 66 photo downs.
When I was seven my father passed away who was there for me and my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for a better dad then the one she found. My mom has helped me through so many things in essay onegin my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages.
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+20 Best Examples of Hobbies Interests to 66 photo Put on a Resume (5 Tips) I like traveling and long walks on email the beach,” said anyone who’s ever struggled to route essay be interesting on a date. We’ve all been there. Finding interesting and exciting things to say about yourself isn't easy. Any many experts will tell you that you should never, ever list examples of hobbies and interests on a resume. What if I told you though that there are times when you should? It might even be the thing that will catch employers' attention and help you land an interview. In this article, I will tell you: When you should include a list of 66 photo essay hobbies on your resume. What hobbies in 66 photo a resume work best. Custom Book Report? How to add examples of hobbies and route 66 photo interests to your resume. Important: When you read the article, and you're still not sure how to put your hobbies on a resume, make sure you ask a question in the comments section.
Just remember a list of good hobbies for a resume is not mandatory. Place them at the bottom of the resume - let me show you an example. Want to save time and is depriaates have your resume ready in route 66 photo essay 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy to use.
Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here. Why Put a List of Hobbies and Interests on a Resume? Adding a personal interests and hobbies section is often seen as irrelevant and unprofessional. Yet, the culture is changing.
A lot of companies are no longer looking for mere minions to sit and resume is depriaates drink coffee and answer phones all day. They want them to fit in 66 photo essay with their work culture. Because that's Google's work culture. Essay? And Google wants new employees to fit in with their other workers and route essay the culture of their office. So, if you wanted to apply to Google, how could you let them know that you fit? Not putting a list of hobbies and interests on a resume. Listing sports and film in the hobbies and interests section of your resume. Carefully choosing unique hobbies for berklee essay your resume that show that you are an open and playful person. The correct answer is 66 photo essay, 3. Why? If you want to work at Google, you should tailor your resume (check this infographic) so that your best hobbies match their work culture. On the other hand, if you are applying to a buttoned-up accounting firm, you might want to skip putting examples of hobbies in your resume altogether.
How do you decide what is the best list of interests and hobbies to put on a CV? I'll show you everything step by step - just keep reading. Here's What Your Hobbies and Interests Say About You. Here's the thing - most of the hobbies and interests you put on your resume will say something specific about you to cantillon's on economic the hiring manager. So, selecting examples of hobbies for your resume is route 66 photo essay, about choosing what aspects of your personality you want to emphasize and communicate. 7 examples of hobbies and resume interests on a resume: Individual Sports (Marathon Running) - You're fit and you enjoy challenges. Team Sports (Basketball) - You excel at teamwork and essay have leadership skills. Extreme Sports (Motocross) - A risk taker (bad for desk jobs).
Tech Hobbies (Computing) - Tech savvy and introverted (not great for social jobs). Puzzles (Crosswords) - You're an custom book report, analytical thinker with problem-solving skills. Games (Chess) - You're an 66 photo, intelligent strategist. Social Hobbies (Mentoring) - You communicate well and connect with others. Report? See what these hobbies can mean? Of course, there are thousands of examples of hobbies that you could put on your resume. But you should always do your best to interest your hiring manager. That will give you a much better chance at landing an interview. So how to choose examples of hobbies and interests for your resume? How can you show your hiring manager that you're a good fit?
Read on! I'll show you everything step by route 66 photo essay, step. Pro Tip: If you want to save time and find out how to write a resume for your profession, take a look at our guides and examples of resumes. How to Find Good Interests to Put on Your Resume. Richard Cantillon's? A. Essay? Research the Company to Find Out What Personal Interests to Put on custom book a Resume. You should always start by researching the company. Do they have a particular work culture? Would they find a unique hobbies and interests section on route 66 photo your resume valuable? Where should you look to find out what to put in your personal interests and hobbies section ? Start with the job description. Most job offers will have a list of resume is depriaates traits that companies wish the new employee to have.
Second , take a quick look around their website. Especially pay attention to any employee profiles. Next , check social media accounts (LinkedIn/Twitter/Facebook). End with any press you can find and check out company reviews on sites like Glassdoor . Make sure you also pay attention to the skills that will be useful for the new position. What are the best skills to put on a resume?
Read our guide: What Skills to Put on route essay a Resume? [Examples+ 6 Tips] B. Choose Wisely - Personal Interests to Include on a Resume. When you choose examples of good hobbies to put on resume is depriaates a CV, try to match them to desired personality traits . If the job requires you to be “ outgoing and a good team player ,” sports are good hobbies to mention on route 66 photo essay your resume. Of Hbo? Leave out the bit where you like to sit alone in sweatpants knitting. At the same time, do try to choose a variety of activities . By providing a variety of unique activities, you can show that you are: First, flexible enough to be comfortable in a lot of different situations. Second, relatable to a range of different people.
Both are important, especially if you are applying for a client-facing position. Need more tips on how to use the information from the job description to quickly tailor your resume? Read our guide with an infographic: 6 Proven Tips on How to Tailor Your Resume to route 66 photo essay the Job Description. C. Berklee Email? Use a List of Hobbies to Flesh Out Your Skill Set. You can also select examples of good hobbies for a resume that fill in route essay gaps in your skill set . Jack has gaps in resume is depriaates his skill set because he's only route 66 photo essay, had a handful of resume is depriaates internships in the past. Now, Jack is applying for a position as a graphic designer. It might be a good idea for route 66 photo essay Jack to prove he has an eye for visuals by berklee email, choosing relevant hobbies to list on his resume.
Choosing a related hobby reinforces the fact that Jack has the skills necessary for the job . Also, Jack has done enough research to know that the company hires family-oriented and entrepreneurial employees. So, he's decided to write about how he is an occasional freelance photographer for weddings. Route 66 Photo Essay? Take your resume to book the next level by 66 photo, matching your list of hobbies to the work culture of your chosen company. Search? And if you want to save time on essay formatting and write a great resume and cover letter in a few minutes, check out our resume builder (create your resume). The tool will give you loads of useful tips for every section of your resume. Take a look at some sample resume templates (see more): D. Resume Is Depriaates? Examples of Hobbies to Mention at the Bottom of Your Resume. Essay? Your resume needs to be short and relevant, and so does your list of hobbies. A good rule of thumb is to make sure your CV doesn’t exceed two pages (read more) . To keep it short, only include two or three relevant resume hobbies. If you need to make cuts, your list of berklee hobbies and interests should be the first things to go. You may feel tempted to list your best hobbies in route a resume: It’s more effective if you provide a brief, specific description: I teach ballet classes three time a week for children with disabilities. I volunteer at my local soup kitchen on weekends.
I enjoy playing chess, and essay email I started a chess club for the elderly in my community. Adding a list of interests and hobbies at the bottom of the page is a great way to end your resume. And it may help you make an impression on the recruiter. If you want to know how to start your resume with a bang , read our guides about resume summaries or resume objectives. They include a lot of actionable examples that you can quickly use to write a perfect opening for route 66 photo your resume. Three Rules You Should Never Forget [These Work for Dates Too] Reading is not a unique interest.
Reading complicated Russian novels is more specific. List some of your favorite authors. It will also help a recruiter remember you. On Eugene? Stay away from route, using examples of hobbies for a resume that aren’t true to you. It could come back to haunt you. Richard Cantillon's Essay On Economic Theory? If you put “opera buff” as a hobby on a resume, then you better have season tickets. It won’t be fun when the route essay recruiter turns out to be an Offenbach enthusiast, and it comes out that the closest you’ve ever been to a stage was the one time you watched Phantom of the Opera on Netflix. It is one thing to be unique, but be careful not to cross the theory line into 66 photo the Twilight Zone. It’s okay to volunteer at an animal shelter, but we all know what cat hoarding implies. Resume Of Hbo? The golden rule of dinner parties is also applicable for examples of interests to route 66 photo mention on a resume:
Always avoid politics, religion, or sex. This is an easy way to alienate someone whose views are different from route, yours. Remember, you want to be relatable and likable. If you need more tips on how to make a resume, read our complete list of 42 resume tips. We divided all the essay tips into quick 2, 5 or 30-minute fixes: 42 Amazing Resume Tips That You Can Use in 30 Minutes [Examples] The Best Hobby and berklee email Interest Ideas to route Include on a Resume. So what happens if you are unable to come up with any good hobbies?
What happens if the best hobbies for your resume are boring? Here is a list of the best hobbies to include in a resume - examples that you can either adopt or that you might not have realized you already have. This could include anything from marathon running and yoga to basketball and football. It’s best to essay onegin avoid extreme sports because they are risky. The pros of route 66 photo essay team sports are directly translatable: They highlight your ability to email cooperate with others and lead. Individual sports may imply that teamwork isn’t your strong suit. 66 Photo? Try to focus on the perseverance and drive that it takes to do something like marathon running. Route 66 Photo? Examples of route 66 photo essay Hobbies for a Resume - Sports: Hobbies like chess, trivia, or playing a musical instrument display analytical and creative skills. Examples of Hobbies for a Resume - Thought Hobbies: It doesn’t matter if you collect stamps, coins, or rocks. The management of collections shows strong attention to detail and a passion for your personal interests.
Just remember - no cats. Book Report? Examples of Hobbies for essay a Resume - Collections: Social Hobbies - Volunteering or Mentoring. Social hobbies on a resume are great - you work well with other people and are altruistic. Volunteering, mentoring, and participating in a club all look good on a CV.
Examples of Hobbies for a Resume - Social Activities: Volunteering at a Local Soup Kitchen Volunteering at Your Local Library Big Brothers Big Sisters Garden Club Book Clubs. Also, read our guide on describing your achievements on resume a resume. This is route essay, one of the most important resume tips out there: Examples of Professional Achievements to Put on a Resume [3 Tips] How Putting Examples of Interests and Hobbies on essay a Resume Benefits You. Adding a unique interests and hobbies section has hidden benefits. Recruiters, searching for candidates, shuffle through hundreds of resumes looking for the right people. It is important for the interviewer to be able to create a full image of an applicant . A list of essay interests on resume a resume can help you stand out from the crowd . They can also make you more attractive and memorable to your potential employer. You are a champion cupcake decorator. That will stick with a recruiter and 66 photo essay get your foot in the door before someone else. It also works in reverse: If you know who will be conducting your interview, put on your Sherlock cap and do some snooping. Find out if you have personal interests in richard on economic common with them by 66 photo essay, checking their LinkedIn profile.
Knowing your interviewer’s personal interests gives you a pocket full of icebreaker topics. Book Report? These topics will make it easier to initiate small talk during your interview. Pro Tip: Be sure to optimize your LinkedIn (read more) profile by adding your best hobbies and interests there as well. Just like dating, listing your best hobbies is a way for 66 photo essay other people to get to know you. And just like dating, you want to make sure that the personal interests you list are relatable and unique. Employers are looking for people who will fit in with their company. Your personal interests help them understand that you are exactly the type of person they want. The trick is to resume know if you should put your best interests and hobbies on a resume in the first place.
After that, it’s all about using the five hacks to pick which exciting hobbies to include. If you need more information on how to make a perfect resume, read our complete guide here: How to Make a Resume The Only Guide You Need [Examples] Bonus: The ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume. How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” So what exciting hobbies are you going to put on your resume?
Do you have any questions how to route 66 photo essay describe your best interests in a resume? Leave a comment. Natalie is a writer at is depriaates, Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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To 1945 Essay--Route: A Discover …
essay on route essay, being rude This essay originally appeared in custom report Steven J. Bartlett and Peter Suber (eds.), Self-Reference: Reflections on Reflexivity , Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1987, pp. 41-66. Copyright 1987, Peter Suber. In March 2000, and 66 photo, again in essay on eugene January 2002, I corrected a small number of typographical errors. Consider the following exchanges: 1. Gerda: So you believe that all belief is the product of custom and route 66 photo, circumstance (or: childhood buffets, class struggle. ). Isn't that position self-limiting? Mustn't you see yourself as reflecting only custom book, a single complex of 66 photo essay, circumstances?
Grobian: Your objection is inapplicable, for it is merely the product of blind forces. Moreover, your childhood buffets were pernicious and regrettable, for essay on eugene they have set you against 66 photo, this truth. 2. Gerda: So you believe that all knowledge comes from God in proportion to custom, our virtue or worth, and that all ignorance, error, and uncertainty come from the Devil in proportion to our vices. May I ask what evidence you have for this remarkable thesis? Grobian: I pity you infinitely for your sins. 3. Gerda: Doctor Grobian, I am not crazy! I stole the bread because my children were hungry. 66 Photo Essay. Why do you assume that every crime is caused by illness? Grobian: Why do you deny it? Gerda: I am not playing a game. I really want an answer to my question.
Grobian: Obviously your ego cannot cope with the truth and you display this inadequacy in hostility to route 66 photo essay, your doctor. I will not recommend your release. Grobian: It's a mystery. If I could understand it, I wouldn't believe it. I can't help it if it's the truth. One day perhaps you'll see the 66 photo essay light too. In each of these cases something has gone wrong with the process of debate. In his self-insulating replies Grobian has raised the ire of more open and more dogged inquirers. We are put off, perhaps indignant or angry.
What's more, we feel justified in taking offense. Resume Search Of Hbo. We may concede for the sake of argument that Grobian's positions are strong candidates for truth on their merits, and route, that he has only good faith to motivate his use and defense of them. Yet we feel that strength on the merits and good faith do not justify his responses. We wish he would, like us, concede the strength and good faith of his opponents, if only for the sake of argument. But must he do this to be called rational, or merely to book, be called polite? Does our sense of route essay, justified indignation derive from richard on economic theory, principles that we are willing to defend in the open? Or are we merely offended by seeing our side lose an essay exchange? Has Grobian committed any sort of fallacy that might be generalized and generally proscribed? Or does his offense lie simply in hurting our feelings? Or in his maneuvering to escape criticism or disagreement?
Can we complain if a theory can evade refutation? Is that a sign or truth, or merely a source of friction? May we say that a theory that authorizes its proponents to use such arguments in self-defense is therefore false? Inadequately defended? Undebatable? If Grobian has violated norms of essay email, debate, might it be because debate is 66 photo, one game and he has chosen to play another? I will call Grobian's offense logical rudeness. Specifying its nature will not be as difficult as explaining why it is objectionable and of hbo, discovering whether it is unavoidable.
I deliberately use the alogical term rudeness to avoid prejudicing the question of 66 photo essay, its logical status. Logical rudeness may not be fallacious. But at least it is offensive. Rudeness captures this sense of impropriety. The word derives from the same root as erudite, which literally means not rude in the original sense, not rudimentary or rough-hewn. The question of this essay is whether erudition can always be achieved, or rudeness avoided, by honest, logical, good faith inquirers for is depriaates truth.
The informality of the term should not hide the fact that the topic is the ethics of 66 photo essay, argument. On Eugene Onegin. In the final section I ask what our disdain for rudeness reveals about the activities we cherish under the names of reasoned inquiry and debate. 2. Preliminary Description of Rudeness. Logical rudeness resembles a bald petitio principii , but the resemblance is imperfect. Rude replies presuppose the truth of the theory being rudely defended, like a petitio . But rudeness is usually a defensive weapon only. It is route essay, a form of book report, self-defense that turns away all objections, or at least all objections of a certain kind. Unlike a petitio , it does not purport to justify a conclusion or belief ; it purports to 66 photo essay, justify believers in disregarding criticism of their beliefs as if such criticism were inapplicable, irrelevant, or symptomatic of error. This is not self-justification in the manner of a petitio , in which assumed premises can validly imply the disputed conclusion.
It is self-justification for the human proponent of the conclusion, who finds a license, authority, or justification in his theory itself for refusing to answer objections. Its success at insulating the believer and the belief of which it is a part seems independent of the merits or truth-value of the theory. Resume Is Depriaates. That is one of the rudest jolts. It strikes us that theories that are false or implausible could use a rude defense as well as true or plausible theories. Essay. For this reason we suspect that the license to brush off objections is not a sign of custom, truth or even a supporting argument. It is a gimmick, a piece of insolence that civilized and reasonable people will not stoop to use. A related reflexivity is the self-licensing of debating behavior by the theory being debated. Rudeness highlights the sense in which beliefs authorize believers to act in certain ways, solely by route, virtue of the content of the beliefs and the mechanics of essay on eugene, good faith and loyalty. If I believe that fast talkers are usually liars, then that belief will guide my responses to a fast-talking critic. But this is merely a psychological or descriptive observation.
Normatively, we tend to want it this way. We want people to have freedom of inquiry and belief; and when people come to conclusions, we want them to be free (within limits) to act accordingly. Such a free society is a society of essay, self-licensed actors. If we respect freedom of conscience in our laws and in our own minds, then these self-licensed actors are genuinely licensed; what good faith belief authorizes, we believe, is authorized #151;at least until it conflicts with a higher rule. In cases of custom book, logical rudeness, belief in certain theories authorizes believers to be incredibly smug. Is this a price, or an abuse, of freedom? If the consequences of essay, a bad belief are intolerable to public order, we may deal with it through the criminal law, as when we prohibit polygamous marriages while permitting, indeed protecting, the freedom of Mormons to advocate the religious obligation to marry polygamously. But if the consequences of a rude belief are inimical only to conversation or reasoned persuasion with the believer, then how shall we deal with it? We cannot revoke or refute the believer's license to be rude, say, by converting him from his iniquitous faith, for berklee email a barrier of rudeness prevents our arguments from having any effect. As inquirers we may deal with the rude believer's belief without dealing with the rude believer; but we admit that this is to abandon a valuable practice that is valued for 66 photo essay its contribution to inquiry #151;debate.
The most common form of rude theory is report, that which contains an route explanation of is depriaates, error that fits certain kinds #151;perhaps all kinds#151; of critics and dissenters. 66 Photo Essay. The theory is especially rude, but also especially implausible, if it directly equates error and disagreement (more on this in Section 4). But it may more plausibly equate error with certain states of mind or symptoms of belief, when it (not accidentally) happens that these states characterize the doubters and disbelievers. In the second example in Section 1 above, which may be called the resume demon theory of error, Grobian easily applies his theory of error to Gerda. In that case it seems that he could as easily have refrained, and offered any evidence he possessed. But suppose he did offer evidence and it failed to persuade Gerda (which is the likely result). Then is route 66 photo essay, it as apparent that he could refrain from his rude explanation of Gerda's failure to agree? A faithful believer of the demon theory of error must apply it to Gerda sooner or later, silently or aloud. A recurring reflexive feature of logical rudeness is the application of a theory to the context of its own defense. This is unobjectionable if the theory's subject matter includes truth and falsehood, validity and invalidity, meaning and nonsense, or other parameters of debate or demonstration.
In this way, rudeness hangs in the air most around theories about theorizing or meta-theories about meta-theorizing. But when the 66 photo application of the theory to the context of its own defense justifies the theory's proponent in ignoring critics, then something objectionable has entered the picture. For example, a certain sort of disciple of Wittgenstein might put forth the theory that there is no such thing as mind as traditionally conceived, although there is a word mind that is used in certain ways. The theorist might also claim, more radically, that all questions of existence are meaningless or reducible to questions of word usage. A critic might begin by asserting that both of them have minds, and offer reasons or evidence. The proponent might deflect such criticism by saying, yes, the word mind is properly used as the critic has used it. All further criticism could be deflected in a similar way.
The theorist clearly is 66 photo essay, applying her theory to its own proper subject matter, and is striving to preserve her theory's consistency and her own good faith as a believer in its truth. Yet these virtues add up to the vice of treating the critic rudely and disserving inquiry by leaving the critic unanswered. If a philosopher had a nervous tick that was triggered every time inquiry threatened to interfere with belief, and if he (not coincidentally) held the book report theory that inquiry creates nervous anxiety, then we could not engage that philosopher on the merits of the anxiety theory of inquiry without causing him anxiety. This whimsical case is an easy way to raise a serious question: in the name of route 66 photo essay, cooperative truth-seeking, can we expect believers to put aside their beliefs or compromise their loyalty? Some theories do not obviously apply to the context of their debate. Grobian may believe p and is depriaates, add that all error is caused by the confusion brought about by pain. Gerda may object that pain-free inquirers may commit errors, and that pained inquirers may speak the route essay truth. Essay. If Grobian is satisfied that Gerda is not suffering physical pain as she speaks, he will be obliged (by logical courtesy or erudition) to answer the objection as best he can.
Logical rudeness is closed to him unless he can believe the objection is raised under the duress of pain; but in that case he is licensed by his beliefs to route 66 photo, explain the richard essay on economic theory objection away rather than answer it. When the theory on the defensive may or may not apply to the context of 66 photo essay, its own debate, further inquiry or bald presumptions are required before the proponent can defend it rudely. The point of the is depriaates examples so far is that rudeness follows from unobjectionable, even praiseworthy, features of believers and their beliefs. True as well as false theories, if believed true with good faith, will be applied to all relevant contexts and will not be compromised to route, salve the feelings of dissenters or to serve their ideas of inquiry. Even if the tenacious good faith that leads to this result is not praiseworthy (explored in Section 5), it might be found in essay on eugene a believer of a true theory.
Because even true theories might be believed in this way, and perhaps ought to essay, be, we cannot automatically infer falsehood from rudeness. But if rudeness does not imply falsehood, how do we evaluate theories that are rudely defended? It seems that they cannot be debated, at least with their proponents. If we abandon debate and examine such theories in silence or apart from their proponents, we feel that we have abandoned a valuable practice, perhaps a practice indispensable to reliable inquiry. Moreover, we may feel that a negative judgment not tested in debate with the resume is depriaates defendants will be rude in its own way. Finally, even in the isolated inquiry at our desks we may fail to get around the theory's rudeness if our method requires us to imagine and anser the likely responses of the good faith believer. Then we replicate in drama what we were spared in 66 photo essay history.
Rudeness will be possible, as noted, for any theory that properly applies to resume is depriaates, virtually any aspect of 66 photo, debate or demonstration, such as the truth or knowability of theories, the validity of arguments, the meaning of statements, the sincerity of believers, or the methods of inquiry. This is disturbing because it shows that most philosophical theories will be capable of rudeness in this way. And note that this rudeness is legitimate in the sense that it is permitted by the content of the theory being defended and the good faith of the resume is depriaates believer. It is not like telling critics to shut up, even though this too is route essay, always possible. More generally as well as more precisely, a theory may be rude if it treats any sub-activity of theorizing or debating and identifies any sort of resume is depriaates, flaw, fallacy, foible, or fault that could justify a theorist in route dismissing an custom book objection as false, flawed, fallacious, irrelevant, or inapplicable. Call any such theory a theory of justified dismissal.
Examples are theories of error, illogic, or nonsense. To explain and evaluate rudeness we need not reach the question when dismissal is really justified. If a theory permits dismissal of competing theories when they are consistent with the writings of Karl Marx, or might lead to disrespect for law if generally affirmed, or are unintelligible to five year old children, then that theory can be rude whenever a critic's contending theory fits the fatal mold. Any attempt to route essay, judge the theory of justified dismissal could be deflected as just another attempt to pierce the shield of rudeness. Judging the theory of justified dismissal may be done, of course, but not in debate.
If a believer dismisses theories that are consistent with Marxism, then an objection to that theory will probably be dismissed as consistent with Marxism. Essay. This kind of self-applicability arises not from praiseworthy good faith and consistency alone, but also from belief in route 66 photo essay a theory of justified dismissal. But holding a theory of justified dismissal also seems harmless. In fact, in philosophy it is almost obligatory. Our problem as civilized inquirers is that we want philosophies complete enough to explain error, illogic, nonsense, and other grounds of justified dismissal; we expect believers to apply their beliefs with consistency and good faith to all the relevant contexts of email, life; and yet we do not want them to apply their grounds of justified dismissal to the critics and dissenters in route the realm of debate who help us decide the theory's truth. Are we asking too much?
Are we demanding inconsistent tasks of our opponents? Is debate a privileged process in which beliefs can be examined without the distortions introduced by believing, or (from the custom book report believer's standpoint) is it a damnable realm in which one is expected to give up one's faith to defend it? (Note that I use belief and faith in a weak sense. Any claims to truth will be called beliefs or faith, even if the proponent also considers them to route, constitute knowledge.) A theory may explain away the criticism or disagreement of critics descriptively or normatively. The first example in Section 1 above is is depriaates, descriptive, the second normative. If the critic's disagreement is put down to an unfortunate series of childhood buffets or to any other source independent of the merits or truth-value of the theory he criticized, then he is route, rudely treated.
He is not answered, but reduced to ineffectual squealing from the standpoint of the proponent. Once stigmatized as suffering from the defect ascribed to resume is depriaates, him, a defect well-explained by essay, the theory, the critic is put out of court. The well of discourse is poisoned. Nothing he says afterward can affect the theory, at least in the judgment of the resume proponent. If the critic's disagreement is put down to vice, sin, or a normative weakness, then he is equally not answered and relegated to limbo #151;a limbo either of well-explained incompetency or of well-explained ineligibility for our attention and answers. Descriptive rudeness imputes a foible, prescriptive rudeness a fault, to critics or dissenters. The authority to be rude consists in route heeding the terms of the theory that describe the foible or fault and that describe who deserves to be branded with it. The terms of the theory may be false or implausible, but it is futile to hope to persuade the rude proponent that that is so when our attempts only feed self-righteousness. Rudeness of this type makes debate much like an unnamed childhood game I recall with pleasure and frustration. One player asks yes-or-no questions, and the other answers yes or no according to a secret algorithm. Berklee Essay Email. The object of the game is to guess the algorithm.
It might be, answer 'yes' whenever the 66 photo question begins with a vowel or ends with a two-syllable word; otherwise answer 'no'. (One must always anser yes and capitulate when the correct algorithm is proposed.) In such a game the words yes and no are not used with their ordinary meanings. Hence the questioner will be seriously misled if she asks, does the algorithm concern syllabification? and takes the yes or no answer in its ordinary sense. In the game, which I will call Noyes for convenience (for the is depriaates pun on no-yes and the homonym of noise), yes and no are tokens of exchange, not signs of affirmation and negation. The questioner cannot begin to play meta -Noyes by route 66 photo, asking, seriously , is on eugene onegin, syllabification involved? The questioner cannot get traditional yes and no answers as long as the oracle maintains his role and plays the game. The analogy to logical rudeness is that the critic cannot get the believer to give up his good faith for the purposes of debate, and perhaps should not want to. It is equivalent to asking the Noyes oracle to give up his algorithm for the sake of play. Because the believer is ruled by his beliefs in selecting responses in debate, as the 66 photo Noyes oracle is ruled by his algorithm, the questioner is apt to find her questions and objections translated from the book genre of criticism to the genre of noise, and dealt with as input to an unknown algorithm. The difference of course is that Noyes is plainly a game, and the refusal of the oracle to play meta-Noyes is part of his role in playing Noyes.
Is debate equally a game, and are some believers equally bound to 66 photo essay, refuse to play meta-debate? Noyes makes play out of what can be a serious problem. Consider the case of a rapist who believes that no means yes and that struggle indicates pleasure. Recent law in essay on eugene England has allowed rape defendants to argue good faith (that is, sincere) belief in 66 photo the no-yes equation, and a few rapists have won acquittal with that defense. The effect is to equate a woman's consent with a man's belief in a woman's consent. The result is search of hbo, nothing short of evil in practice, though it rests on the slender theoretical reed that people are ruled, not by what is 66 photo essay, real, but by cantillon's essay on economic, their belief about what is real. This is one case in 66 photo which the authority one receives from resume, good faith belief leads to intolerable consequences and should be barred by the criminal law. 66 Photo Essay. The Anglo-American criminal law occasionally (but rarely) excuses conduct or mitigates punishment for crimes performed in good faith error of the facts. But to is depriaates, prevent good faith rape and similar abuses, usually an essay objectivity requirement is on eugene onegin, added that the route essay belief be reasonable.
The peculiarity of the custom book English law is that good faith belief, no matter how unreasonable under the circumstances, suffices to acquit. (This astonishing doctrine was first asserted in Director of Public Prosecutions v. Morgan et al. 66 Photo Essay. , 61 Crim. App. Reports 136 (1975).) Some political regimes may be Noyes games writ large. Suppose one is in a despotic state where the officials act according to rules which ordinary citizens are not allowed to know or to criticize. These meta-rules about criticism are sometimes enforced against critics with imprisonment and other forms of violence, but for book most people most of the time they are enforced by route, social pressure. If one engages one's neighbor in conversation on the wisdom of such policies, one will be surprised that one's very desire to examine the wisdom of the is depriaates policies is considered suspect and route 66 photo essay, criminal.
If the topic of conversation shifts (it is not much of a shift) to the desirability of open discussion of every question, one will be more surprised to essay onegin, hear one diagnosed as bourgeois or reactionary or (from the other end of the ideological spectrum) as anarchical. One may be aware of theories of route 66 photo essay, government according to which free discussion is inimical to good order, revolutionary initiatives, or reeducation; but one would at least like to debate the merits of such theories of government. The loyal proponents of such positions, however, like most loyal proponents, apply their beliefs to the context of their debate, as they apply their beliefs to all the 66 photo essay contexts of history. From their own point of view this is only good faith and 66 photo essay, consistency. One cannot get such proponents to jump out of the system for the time and labor of a joint inquiry into the merits of their beliefs; and one should not expect to be able to. Much like the questioner in a game of Noyes or the victim of a rapist who believes that no means yes, one's criticism of resume, a rude state policy will be interpreted in route that state as something other than a criticism to book, be answered as criticism. In this case it will be interpreted as a violation, and 66 photo essay, one's attempt to reach a meta-level at which one could discuss the propriety of such an interpretation will be interpreted as another violation. Like the critic of the demon theory of error, or the hapless victim of the tarbaby, one's struggles to escape the essay verdict of 66 photo, one's opponent only confirm his confidence in one's miserable fate. The rude regime raises important issues of political theory, particularly the question whether commitments to principles or results should supersede commitments to method or process.
This and related issues of 66 photo essay, procedural democracy will be explored to some extent in Section 5. The Noyes regime and rapist suggest a closely related species of rudeness: the 66 photo tactic of the richard essay proponent in disregarding the logical or illative dimension of the critic's words and treating them solely as behavior to be explained by route, his theory. The same effect is achieved when criticism is essay email, interpreted as a symptom of 66 photo essay, historical, economic, or psychological forces, or as ideology. In many ways this is merely a different perspective on the same species of resume, rudeness considered above. Route. If the proponent's theory contains an explanation of behavior (which we also expect a good philosophy or social science to have), then the critic may find herself unable to escape the object-language of the theory she is attacking and reach its meta-language. All criticism and disagreement may be seen as behavior, and to that extent fall into the arena of the book report subject-matter of the essay theory. Like birdsong or ritualistic dancing, they are colorful bits of the explanandum, logically subordinate to the explanation and incapable of resume is depriaates, refuting it except as counter-examples or anomalies. The difference between disagreement as behavior to 66 photo essay, be explained and as criticism to be answered is at least partly a matter of perspective within the discretion of the proponent. Resume. Again we encounter the question whether his choice is ever fixed by 66 photo essay, the content of the beliefs he is custom, defending and his general commitments to consistency and good faith. And again, we are reluctant to close off any option by normative force. Just as explanations of error are desirable, so are explanations of behavior.
Even behavior with a logical or illative dimension is worth studying merely as behavior to such disciplines as anthropology, the sociology of route 66 photo, knowledge, psycho-history, and the descriptive parts of comparative jurisprudence. But we want to discourage the sort of rudeness that studies critics as specimens to the exclusion of (rather than in addition to) hearing their criticism. Religious belief has been studied as a psychological condition and social phenomenon. Book Report. Some schools of linguistics study verbal behavior. There is no epistemological or scientific reason why a social science could not study argumentative or critical behavior. The theories of such a social science would be fraught with great potential, from birth, to license their proponents to 66 photo essay, treat their critics rudely. Such a science might use the term refutationary behavior to refer to arguments, refutations, criticisms, and polemics intended to demonstrate falsehood. Refutationary behavior is fascinating. People thrust and parry, advance and essay on eugene, retreat, concede small points and lay traps on 66 photo essay, large ones, take disagreement personally, get angry, resort to ad hominem attacks, decoy the opponent with false camaraderie or uncertainty, sting in the heel with irony, trip up with sophisms and paradoxes, fall back on definitions, and essay on economic theory, refuse to fall back on definitions. In our large universe, any theory of refutationary behavior, like theories of other kinds, will encounter disagreement. If a sociologist of polemics proposes that refutationary behavior is motivated by class interests, then a critic may be as erudite as can be, but the 66 photo essay proponent can study the essay on economic theory proffered criticism as another example of refutationary behavior, perhaps as one that confirms the theory.
Rudeness that views arguments only as a special class of behavior for empirical study highlights a feature of all rudeness, which is that the rude believer is not summoned or elicited to route, be rude until criticism is expounded or uttered or made into behavior. A theory may be refuted in abstracto , in essay onegin silence, in thought, in ideality, or in private at one's desk, but this kind of refutation does not put the rude proponent on the defensive or call on him to use his rude defenses. The necessity of expounded criticism to trigger logical rudeness in turn highlights another feature of all rudeness, which is that the theory may really be refuted while the proponent is justifiably unconverted. Rudeness insulates believers, not beliefs. Rudeness suggests the presence of logical perspective : even sound refutations, those that might work at route 66 photo essay one's desk or in the journals, might fail to resume search of hbo, convert the proponent, and the proponent may have a sufficient warrant from this theory for his theory for this intractability. If good faith belief in a theory suffices to warrant the believer to route, act under its terms (a political, not a logical, principle), then the believer is really justified in berklee disregarding the sound refutation. Route. Rudeness drives a wedge in between logical argument and rhetorical persuasion, preventing the power of the route essay former from route 66 photo essay, aiding the custom report power of the latter. The rude, insulated believer need not be illogical to be protected by the mantle of rudeness; he must believe a theory of a certain kind, with the sort of good faith devotion that seeks to preserve the theory's consistency and to apply it to all explananda within its domain. This also disturbing, for it suggests that generally praiseworthy traits of inquirers may make argumentation, on its logical side (as opposed to its personal or political side), nugatory. We might be tempted to say that it is always rude to interpret criticism as unwitting confirmation of one's theory.
A good example is the route 66 photo theory that the subtlest, and therefore most likely, action of the devil would be to deny his own existence and cause others to deny it. Opponents who doubt the existence of devils are hopelessly trapped; no objection can fail to theory, confirm the believer in his belief. When this tactic is rude, it is like the empirical study of refutationary behavior in refusing to see a meta-level in the critic's criticism. We should be careful here, however. Essay. Some criticism does confirm the theory being criticized, in which case a response by retortion is appropriate.
Critics may resent this sort of intellectual judo, but we may not call it logically rude unless the onegin critic is 66 photo, deprived of a response on the merits, or cannot have his criticism taken as criticism, although perhaps it is also taken as symptom, behavior, or confirming instance. Suppose a disciple of David Hume adapted Grobian's buffet theory of belief (example 1 in Section 1), and claimed that all belief was based on local custom and habit. This theory might have met comparatively warm approval in late eighteenth century Britain. But contemporaneous Germans would have denied it in unison. The Humean could interpret the German choir as simple corroboration: their consensus and their Teutonism would explain one another. Like the student of refutationary behavior, such a Humean would be guilty of little more than applying her theory to its subject matter, which happens to include the context of its own debate.
And that, by itself, is not blameworthy. But in each case we feel that such application is on eugene onegin, hasty. Before the critic is used against himself, he should be told why he is wrong. But while the 66 photo essay student of route essay, refutationary behavior is 66 photo, clearly failing to explain the errors of his critics, the Humean is not. The former merely says, That's about what I'd expect from a middle-class white male, while the Humean has found a putative cause of the opponents' error in Germanic national character. Rudeness which twists objections into confirmations highlights a feature of all rudeness, which is that the proponent of a theory must struggle to essay on eugene, avoid perceiving criticism as applicable to him or his theories, qua criticism.
The proponent must see criticism as false, non-cognitive, meaningless, irrelevant, unwitting confirmation, undebatable, unknowable, self-contradictory, or generally inapplicable, ripe for 66 photo justified dismissal. Both the resume is depriaates proponent of the class theory of route essay, refutationary behavior and the proponent of the custom theory of belief have traced the beliefs of their opponents to their supposed sources. The difference is berklee essay, that the proponent of the class theory of refutationary behavior does not (necessarily) believe that such a genealogy is equivalent to a refutation, while the Humean does. The former is constantly, even professionally, tracing refutationary behavior to its source. Essay. One may pursue such a course and still believe that the truth-value of ideas is not affected by their origin. No empirical study is per se guilty of the genetic fallacy.
But the Humean relativizes any belief that she succeeds in tracing to its source; if the belief is not already self-consciously relativistic (as eighteenth century German philosophy typically was not), then it is subjected to a supposed refutation. A rude slap has been added to the initial reductionism. But is not the Humean's own claim about custom relativized by itself? The Humean may evade this consequence by making the custom custom theory of belief an exception to its own tenets; the exception may be hard to justify, but at least to claim it avoids paradox. Route 66 Photo Essay. Initially she would resemble Arcesilas, Carneades, and the other skeptics of the new Academy who claimed that all was uncertain. They were urged by Antipater to make an exception for their very claim that all (else) was uncertain; but in fear of implausibility or in pursuit of mischief they refused.
This paradox and its avoidance raise an important point. Essay. Some kinds of rudeness are fallacious, and route, the inference of falsehood or inconsistency is is depriaates, justified. For example, the verificationist theory of meaning is meaningless by its own criterion. Essay. However, any objection along these lines is also meaningless by that criterion. Hence, the proponent of the theory may seem able to sit smugly on his criterion and route essay, refuse to allow any objection to route, enter his realm of debate.
But that would commit a fallacy. The weapon raised by the verification theorist to slay his opponent slays himself. This is not always so with rude defenses, but it is so here and for the Humean proponent of the custom theory of belief, as well as for Grobian's buffet theory of belief in Section 1 (example 1). The verificationist apparently has two choices in the face of the charge of self-referential inconsistency: He may make his theory an exception to its own tenets, which would be odd and implausible but consistent, or he may try to fend off the objection by classifying it meaningless ab initio , which his theory apparently entitles him to do. But the latter choice is not really open, or it does not really preserve the theory's consistency in the face of the richard essay on economic objection.
If the theory is not excepted from its own standards, then it must suffer the very fate contemplated for essay the opponent. We may generalize. Normally one may not infer falsehood from rudeness. But one may do so with rude theories whose grounds of justified dismissal properly apply to book report, the theories themselves. One may at least infer the presence of a fallacious defense, beyond a merely rude one, and the presence of self-referential inconsistency. The proponent of the custom theory of belief is rude; if she does not make her theory an exception to itself, then she will be fallaciously rude. Her condition should be distinguished from route 66 photo essay, that of essay on eugene onegin, another kind of debater who likes to route essay, trace criticism to its source. If a religious fundamentalist objects to the theory of evolution, a biologist may say, Ah, that is because he believes in the account in Genesis, and takes it literally. This would be rude only route 66 photo essay, if the imputation of the cause of the objection is 66 photo essay, considered an elliptical refutation, shorthand for the claim that is false because it derives from a system of custom, superstition long disproved.
But it need not be rude in this sense; it may be shorthand a more complex evasion. The biologist may believe that the essay origin of ideas is irrelevant to essay onegin, their truth-value; she is not rude if her statement is route essay, merely an richard cantillon's on economic theory elliptical way of postponing or deferring an answer on the merits. Discovering that an objection to one's theories originated in a religious belief, or from any source other than the objectionable character of route 66 photo, one's theories, is not a refutation; if it is not used as a refutation, then it is not rude to point out the discovery. For example, objections to certain theories of astronomy from astrology are often tossed aside because of their origin. This may or may not be rude. It is report, not rude if the astronomer is saying, Astrology has been answered before; if I don't take this astrologer seriously it is only because the reasons are shared by all the members of my profession, and 66 photo, even if those reasons are inadequate, obsolete, or subject to the criticism before me now, they can go without saying. To subsume an custom report objection under the larger faith that gave rise to it, however accurately, does not help a bit in answering or disarming the route 66 photo essay objection. It is pure postponement.
It serves communication, not refutation. In context it usually informs all interested parties of one's position, and resume, even the source of one's counter-evidence and counter-arguments. But it does not actually answer the criticism or refute the body of beliefs that gave rise to it. Even when it is shorthand for a definitive refutation, it does not recapitulate the reasons against the position, but only alludes to them, and only indirectly, by alluding to route essay, the faith which is presumed to be long refuted. Logical courtesy (erudition) demands that the objection be answered on its merits, although no logics themselves demand it. To allude to a supposed definitive refutation without restating it is on the face of it nothing more than a weak display of disagreement.
But to subsume a belief under a larger system as if that constituted refutation begs the question, and worse. It is like any other reductio ad absurdum in which the absurdum is not a contradiction but simply unacceptable or unheard of. One is not acting with the courage of conviction, which believes that truth is richard theory, demonstrable, but only with the complacency of conviction, which believes that dissenters are pitifully benighted. This discussion brings us back to the beginning. For a theory of justified dismissal may focus on a fault or foible of the route 66 photo believer, or on of hbo, the body of beliefs which gave rise to the objectionable theory. Both can be rude; but the second can also be mere postponement. Essay. Both involve the explanation of the objection . If we explain the criticism of critics in a way that justified dismissal, then we have treated the critic rudely.
But if we explain the objection as originating in a possible flaw in our own theories, then we are as polite as can be. We are then granting for the sake of berklee, argument that our beliefs might be objectionable or false. Another type of rudeness arises when a proponent feels authorized in holding a theory independent of the authority that comes from correctness. Many government officials are guilty of route essay, this kind of rudeness, and seem to believe that their ideas are sufficiently authorized by the election results and thereafter need not be defended or debated. When critics or reporters ask why a course of action was not taken (requesting a reason), many officials will answer, We decided it would not be appropriate at this time. Essay. This could be translated as, I don't have to essay, explain or defend myself as long as the people let me stay in office. Grobian's fourth response in Section 1 is report, of this type: he felt authorized in 66 photo his faith, not by shareable evidence and reasons, but by a private inner light. There are certainly many other kinds of logical rudeness. I do not mean to give an exhaustive taxonomy. Custom. One final type, similar to route 66 photo, the government official's, may be mentioned. Suppose someone believes that (1) ESP exists, (2) only some people possess it, (3) it may be acquired but that doubt is an obstacle to its acquisition, and (4) it cannot be displayed in resume is depriaates the presence of hostile or unbelieving witnesses.
This theory is rude in route 66 photo essay two novel ways. Resume Search. First, it is route 66 photo essay, unfalsifiable. All negative results from experiments may be answered with the all-purpose subterfuge, The researchers must have doubted. Essay. Any unfalsifiable theory may be called rude in a weak or attenuated sense. Critics are teased, because they may disagree all they want, but no applicable or decisive refutation may be found. For ordinary empirical theories, amassing contrary evidence is never a conclusive refutation, but at least the strength of a negative inference mounts; amassing contrary evidence to such an route 66 photo essay ESP theory would not even strengthen a negative inference in the judgment of the cantillon's essay on economic proponent.
A stronger sense of rudeness derives from the route 66 photo essay first. A critic who denies that ESP exists can be told, I guess you just don't have it. This reply makes the ESP theory a case of a more general type. Max Scheler's theory of value and value-blindness is another case. Probably the most infuriating case may be called the blessing theory of truth #151;the theory that knowledge is a gift from a god, that only some receive it, and that those receiving it know it when they see it by unmistakable internal signs. I suppose it is optional for search a proponent of a blessing theory of route essay, truth to resume, claim that the blessing theory itself is 66 photo essay, knowable only as part of such a gift. The general feature shared by rude theories of this type is the belief that some valued capacity, relevant to truth-seeking or knowing, is either present or absent in one, and that possessors know they are possessors and route 66 photo essay, nonpossessors do not (or sometimes cannot) know that the race divides into possessors and nonpossessors. This general type of theory takes two equally rude forms: (1) the born loser theories, according to which nonpossessors of the gift are doomed to route 66 photo, remain nonpossessors, and therefore ignorant, and (2) the one path or trust me theories, according to which nonpossessors may become possessors only by following a regimen set for 66 photo essay them by self-proclaimed possessors. The regimen may include a code of conduct as well as of faith, all of which must be taken on faith or without evidence in the beginning.
Proof comes only to those who take the path to the end. A cross between the born-loser and the one-path theories may hold that the gift falls on possessors gratuitously. The general type may be called boon theories. We are all familiar with boon theories of knowledge, wisdom, virtue, and salvation. The first ESP example was a one-path boon theory. Max Scheler's view that some people see values rightly and others are value-blind is a one-path boon theory. A social Darwinist theory that held that males and whites deserve their privileged positions simply because they have acquired them is a born-loser boon theory. Note that in boon theories in which the boon is 66 photo, not gratuitous, nonpossession is a stigma. Hence the critic is not only excluded from grace and ignorant, but is blameworthy. The smugness of rude proponents and the rude immunity to conversion are thereby justified all the more. 3. What Sort of Delict is berklee, Logical Rudeness?
Let me summarize the species of rudeness sketched in Section 2. Route Essay. The primary type is probably the application of berklee essay email, a theory of justified dismissal, such as a theory of error or insanity, to route 66 photo, critics and dissenters. Another major type is the interpretation of criticism as behavior to be explained rather than answered. This is closely connected to the type that refuses to see a meta-level in the critic's criticism, and will not allow critics to escape the object-language of the theory. A rude theory may reinterpret criticism as a special kind of noise, or as unwitting corroboration. A theory may evade criticism without rudeness by postponing as answer or referring the critic to the answer of another. The abuse of postponement may be rude, however, as when the motions of search, postponement are made shorthand for route essay dismissal, or when the subsumption of an objection under a larger system of belief is made shorthand for refutation. A rude theory may be held for reasons other than its correctness, such as the support for the believer shown by voters or grant-giving agencies. A weak sort of rudeness lies in any unfalsifiable theory, and a strong sort lies in boon theories which identify critics as nonpossessors of a special boon. The theories of justified dismissal and the boon theories tell critics that they are disqualified from knowing truth or even deserving answers because of some well-explained foible or fault in themselves. All the cantillon's essay types have in common an evasion of a responsibility to essay, answer criticism on 66 photo, the merits, when that evasion is authorized by the theory criticized.
All types are triggered only by expounded criticism, and only insulate the proponent from conversion or capitulation, not the theory from refutation. Only one type was found fallacious, the dismissal of an objection on 66 photo, grounds that would suffice to dismiss the theory itself. Resume Is Depriaates. Such dismissal is self-referentially inconsistent unless the theory is route, made an exception to its own tenets, a move which usually cures inconsistency at the price of implausibility. The kinds of rudeness seen here may apparently be used with true beliefs as well as false, unless one is already a partisan of theories which would make any rude theory false. If we admit the adaptability of rudeness to true and false theories, then we must find another avenue of complaint. What is book report, wrong with it? The only obvious delict of non-fallacious rude defenses is that they separate the essay believer from the essay email belief in such a way that the belief may be criticized or refuted and the believer left smug and essay, unswayed.
This would not be a serious objection if rudeness did not, for the same reason, cripple debate. A rude defense terminates all debate with the cantillon's essay theory rude theorist. Critics see that they can make no progress against rude believers, and turn to fellow travelers and journals. But again, the crippling of debate would not fully capture the depth of our discomfort unless we thought, for the same reasons, that rudeness crippled inquiry. Does rudeness cripple inquiry? Does the crippling of debate cripple inquiry? Is rudeness an epistemic sin or just plain impolite?
With these questions in the background I would like to route 66 photo essay, start off on an apparent digression with the aim of returning to resume is depriaates, them shortly. Rudeness insulates the essay believer from expounded criticism. The rude believer need not answer criticism, but may deflect or explain it away. In legal terms, the rude believer's refusal to answer his opponent is a refusal to recognize a burden of going forward created by the critic's criticism. Anglo-American law distinguishes the burden of proof from the burden of going forward . The burden of proof is a tie-breaker rule; when the evidence and arguments on each side seem balanced, then the party with the burden of proof loses. The burden of going forward is the obligation to respond after the opponent has made a preliminary case. When a philosophical inquirer puts forth a theory, and when critics publish their disagreement along with erudite arsenals of evidence and route 66 photo essay, arguments, then can we say that the burden of going forward has shifted to the theorist?
Do those who publish theories, in print or orally, have a duty to route, respond to richard theory, critics who make a minimally plausible case that they are wrong? What we have called rude defenses seem reducible to different ways of shirking a supposed burden of going forward. Is there such a burden in philosophy? We should remember that the route essay use of burdens in law furthers certain policies. When one party in court has made a case for herself, the search of hbo judge turns to the other, in effect, and says, Your turn! I have to decide this case and route 66 photo essay, cannot wait forever. I want to be fair. Speak now or forever hold your peace. This boils down to, Your turn or you lose! Parties that fail to meet their burden, either of proof or of going forward, will normally lose the case, either by judgment or by on eugene onegin, default. The theory is that by using burdens in this way we are promoting fair and efficient adjudication.
First, judges must decide the cases before them. They cannot defer judgment forever or indefinitely as philosophers can. Second, the judge must decide within a comparatively short period of time, unlike philosophers who may take as long as their scruples require. Third, the judge may (and usually does) have to decide on route 66 photo essay, imperfect information, when some facts are missing or contested or both. Fourth, the judge wants her judgment to be informed by the merits of each side as they are perceived by each side. All these policies are served by compelling one party to speak or suffer default when the other has spoken. But philosophical debate does not operate under the same constraints as legal debate. On Eugene. Nobody has to decide philosophical questions at all, let alone soon or on route essay, imperfect information. At least the sense in which people must answer philosophical questions (such as, when pregnant, the essay email morality of abortion, or when terminally ill, the morality of suicide) does not give rise to route 66 photo, prudential, procedural rules for allocating burdens of proof and going forward in the same way as in law.
Moreover, there is no adversarial process in essay the same sense. Hence, there appears to be no comparable reason why philosophers must speak up after their opponents have made a preliminary or even a formidable case against route 66 photo, them. Is this equivalent to saying that there is no logical reason why we must answer our critics? There may be rhetorical and social reasons, especially as inquiry is partly social and not wholly epistemic. We do not exclusively strive for essay onegin true knowledge in inquiry, but also for social integration, the cooperation of different inquirers, the communication and application of results, the preservation of a milieu in which inquiry is free and route 66 photo, fruitful, and the satisfaction of the human purposes in having knowledge or ideas at all. Logical rudeness is certainly not prohibited by logic; it is prohibited, I maintain, only by social norms. It is objectionable, but not in the manner of illogic or hypocrisy. It is objectionable more in the manner of refusing to speak to one's spouse, putting urgent callers on hold, or meeting student questions with sardonic laughter. Philosophers have no equivalent of default except the presumption that the silent or rude theorist has no answer on the merits to offer, and (qua individual proponent) may be presumed ignorant or incorrect and dismissed. This presumption, however, is very legalistic, and in many cases will be false.
The limits of the applicability of legal procedures to book report, philosophical argument may lead us to rethink this presumption. At the moment, however, the presumption looks like a theory of justified dismissal: theorists who resort to rude defenses may be dismissed; their theories may be true, but we must await another proponent to route, find out how that position responds to certain questions and objections before we can judge it fairly on the merits. Courteous or erudite philosophers tend to use the concept of burden. Indeed, the concept of a burden of resume is depriaates, going forward is an element of the positive system of logical etiquette that defines rudeness. It is not a part of logic itself, but part of the practical implementation of logical courtesy and social norms in essay debate. It furthers social policies and inquiry, but its absence would also serve inquiry, though to a different degree. The truth-value of email, a rude theory is not affected by the silence or rudeness of its proponents in route essay the face of disagreement. In short, philosophical inquiry may be crippled by logical rudeness, but the legalistic remedy of a burden of berklee essay email, going forward would cripple philosophical inquiry even more. Rudeness cripples inquiry by obstructing cooperation, not by silencing contenders for truth or by deceiving inquirers. Route Essay. Rudeness, like a boulder in email a stream, makes inquiry pass around it. If inquiry proceeds without debate, something is lost.
But because falsehood cannot be inferred from rudeness, much more would be lost if we dismissed rude proponents, as if in route error, for violating some imported rules of procedure. Legal inquiry is successful when it is both fair and probative. Philosophical inquiry may be successful if it is only probative, that is, if it only brings us closer to truth. Respect for the parties is search, secondary; to route 66 photo essay, put it higher is to put persons on a par with truth, which may be proper for every purpose except inquiry for route essay truth. 4. Must Some Theories Be Rude? It may seem that the imputation of a foible or fault to 66 photo essay, a critic simply qua critic is always optional, never necessary to preserve the consistency of the theory or the good faith of the proponent. But this is book, not true. First, there is the case of the brazen theory which includes as a tenet the forthright equation of route 66 photo essay, disagreement and error. This tenet is not as rare, nor probably as naive, as one might at first suspect. It may be called (using legal jargon) the exclusivity clause of the essay theory. Any theory may have an exclusivity clause, and most theories may have them without contradicting their own content.
The clause merely states that the set of tenets comprising the theory is the truth and route, the only truth on its precise subject. It does not imply completeness; but it does imply that propositions inconsistent with the theory are false. Route. It may be tacit and understood, and indeed it does seem to follow from the mere claim of truth according to the principle of excluded middle (tacit in many theories) and most classical notions of truth. If a theory contains an exclusivity clause, even a tacit one, it impels the good faith proponent to equate disagreement and error. Critics may courteously be indulged in the realm of debate, and cajoled into 66 photo seeing the light, if possible, but that would be supererogatory under the canons of logic and good faith. One premise of civilized debate #151;that any contender might be speaking the truth and resume, debate is one way to tell who#151; is not shared by all the contenders.
For this reason it is disturbing to note that almost any claim to truth may bear a tacit exclusivity clause. Even more disturbing is the case of philosophical systems. The paradigm of good philosophy for several western traditions #151;the complete, consistent system#151; is essay, impelled to be rude. This is resume is depriaates, not news to Kierkegaard, who felt rudely subsumed by Hegel's system, and was told by contemporary Hegelians that he was logically incapable of route 66 photo, attaining a perspective outside the system sufficient to attack it. If the system is supposed to be complete as well as true, then the good faith proponent must believe the critic in error, and therefore must apply the system's explanation of custom, error to her. Essay. Note that mere belief in the completeness and truth of the system suffices here to justify the conclusion that disagreement is error. The good faith proponent need not immediately act on this belief in the critic's error, but neither can he escape concluding it, any more than he could willingly suspend judgment on resume search, the truth of his beliefs.
Proponents of what are supposed to be true, complete, consistent systems must choose between apostasy and rudeness. They must defend their beliefs either by appeal to premises and principles from outside the system, which they believe are false, or by appeal to 66 photo essay, premises and principles from withing the system, which is question-begging and liable to be very rude. This may be called the essay dilemma of systematic self-defense. To ask such a believer to be logically polite just for the sake of argument is equivalent to asking him to give up some tenets of the faith he wishes to defend just to route 66 photo essay, enter a realm of debate to resume search, defend it. This is why systems with pretensions to 66 photo, completeness have traditionally seemed rude, have traditionally authorized rude defenses in their proponents, or have gone undefended at fundamental levels. It is this feature in political systems which allows the equation of dissent and essay on eugene, mental illness, dissent and crime, and dissent and error, and the feature which led modern philosophers like Kierkegaard and Nietzsche to abjure the pursuit of route, philosophical systems per se . There may be more than rudeness to turn one from route 66 photo, systems, but one should note that rudeness should not suffice, for falsehood cannot be inferred from mere rudeness. On the other hand, if systems are still attractive, this analysis indicates at least that the essay logic of essay on eugene onegin, defending systems is peculiar, and that if we still cherish both the pursuit of systems and the classical forms of debate, then we will have to forgive some question-begging and rudeness. Moreover, if this is so, we should expect a true system to take these peculiarities into account and present a logic in which some circular arguments and rude defenses are permissible. Hegel's system fulfills this expectation more than others, and route, perhaps the reason is that it is more self-conscious of the logic of search of hbo, systematicity than others. Logical rudeness may be considered a complex form of ad hominem argument. It tells critics and dissenters that they are defective human beings whose ignorance or error is well explained as frailty, fault, foible, or the absence of a boon.
Moreover, this form of route, ad hominem is justified by the theory under attack. When our questions are answered by ad hominem assaults, we are angered. Our anger cannot be reduced to hurt feelings because we were not merely wounded in our dignity; we were put off in our inquiries for truth by a refusal to cooperate. A rude response can therefore trigger three levels of indignation: personal affront, thwarted cooperation, and crippled inquiry. The first is personal, the essay on eugene onegin second social and political, and the third epistemic. Rudeness thwarts cooperation, which in turn thwarts inquiry, at least under some concepts of 66 photo essay, inquiry. Rudeness prevents inquiry from being optimally fruitful. But logic does not tell us to make inquiry optimally fruitful; human interests do.
Rudeness therefore is not so much a fallacy as a violation of human community. The rub is that we want to permit all possible truths to be propounded and debated: some of the candidate-truths will deny any role to cooperation in inquiry and others will license rude defenses. Resume. Opening the realm of debate this much will therefore permit logical rudeness to enter, which in turn will make inquiry sub-optimal, at 66 photo least under some concepts of inquiry. The tensions within the essay on eugene onegin concepts of debate and inquiry between openness and fruitfulness can be seen from a wider perspective. The epistemic principle violated by rudeness is not merely that inquiry must go on. If we are told, in effect, that we do not deserve to be answered on the merits, or are disqualified from knowing truth, on route essay, account of a foible or fault in ourselves, then we are being excluded from the universe of possible knowers in which we thought we had enlisted by onegin, inquiring and debating. 66 Photo. If the truth is not (yet) known, but is subject to inquiry and debate, then we cannot (yet) exclude any person from the universe of possible knowers. That is, we cannot do so a priori , although once we know truth we may be able to do so a posteriori #151;when we learn, for example about color-blindness and the diversity of mental illness. Logical rudeness violates what might be called the principle of epistemic democracy: the principle that all persons have an equal entitlement to know the truth. This might well be reclassified as a norm of logical etiquette, and denied the name of an epistemic principle, for it is a mere presumption.
If we stated it more completely, it would say: all persons should be presumed to have an equal entitlement to know the truth, until and resume, unless we discover some truth to the contrary. Route 66 Photo. As long as we are confessedly ignorant, it is a methodological assumption which results in fair and courteous treatment to on eugene, our co-workers. The problem is that the rude proponent believes he does possess some true knowledge which justifies the cancellation of the presumption. His rudeness from route 66 photo, this angle derives equally from (1) the search of hbo content of his belief, that it disqualifies some people from essay, knowledge, people who turn out to be his critics, and on eugene onegin, (2) his unshakeable faith that he is right to believe it. The latter dimension will be explored more fully toward the end of this section. First I would like to examine the former dimension. The principle of epistemic democracy is normative, not descriptive.
As long as we are confessedly ignorant, we just do not know whether all of us have equal right to the truth. We think we ought to act as if our entitlements were equal, because that is a demand of fairness or courtesy. The rude proponent who denies this principle by his ad hominem methods, therefore, seems to us to deny an important normative rule; he is not just rude, then, but also unfair. The principle of epistemic democracy conflicts with another principle which we hold dear: it might be called the route no holds barred principle of debate. It states that philosophers may (should be permitted to) ask any question, propose any answer as true, challenge any theory as false or unproved, make any argument, and generally debate any theory on the merits.
The conflict between the no-holds-barred principle and the principle of epistemic democracy is 66 photo essay, simply that, under the essay former, the route 66 photo essay latter (like any other principle) may be challenged and denied. The no-holds-barred principle conflicts with itself in the same way that it conflicts with the principle of epistemic democracy: under its terms, it may itself be challenged and essay, denied. In this the no-holds-barred principle is like the on economic First Amendment to the U.S. constitution. The principle of freedom or toleration embodied in the First Amendment may be challenged in 66 photo public speech. The Amendment has been interpreted to essay on eugene, protect even those who oppose its values. But what is route 66 photo, our rationale for this super-toleration? It could be that only in this way can we preserve the First Amendment (or no-holds-barred principle), since to prohibit opposition to it in any degree would compromise the principle itself. In this it would resemble the Humean custom theorist or the Academic skeptic: the resume of hbo principle could be made an exception to itself. But we might well feel that that would destroy the value we cherish in the principle itself. The alternative is to route 66 photo, allow challenges and denials (and advocacy of repeal) and to accept the outcomes of report, fair procedures, even if they sky should fall.
That is, we might use the First Amendment to protect a movement to repeal the First Amendment, and trust the amendment process and public intelligence to do the best thing. Route. We might use the no-holds-barred principle to protect a philosophical school which denied its value or truth, and trust to the realm of search of hbo, debate (or the marketplace of ideas) to route 66 photo, deal with the proposal justly. Note that both the latter scenarios presuppose independent norms of just procedure. These would have to be something like norms of logical courtesy. In this sense, the principles of logical etiquette cannot be debated properly or fairly except in a realm of debate already constituted by them or their cognates. Both the principle of epistemic democracy and the no-holds-barred principle seem to be principles of logical courtesy. In fact, violating them creates paradigmatic types of report, rudeness.
Violating the principle of epistemic democracy allows the proponent to essay, believe her critics are disqualified from knowing truth or deserving answers, and violating the no-holds-barred principle allows the proponent to essay on eugene, deny that the critic's criticism is a permissible move in the game she is playing. Their conflict, therefore, suggests that perfect courtesy, or simultaneous compliance with all ruling principles of etiquette, is impossible. We may consider the conflict between the two principles a reflection of 66 photo, a broader conflict between equality and freedom. The conflict may be avoided by ranking the principles so that one always takes priority in cases of conflict. Custom. But no such strategem can eliminate the conflict of the freedom principle with itself. Moreover, ranking either above the 66 photo other would allow just those infringements of the inferior principle that the superior principle authorized. These would be rude infringements. Berklee Email. For example, to route, rank the resume is depriaates equality principle higher would justify limiting the route 66 photo freedom of inquirers to challenge the equality principle.
To rank the freedom principle higher would justify an a priori dismissal of email, theorists who proceeded in route 66 photo denial of the route 66 photo essay freedom principle. Some form of rudeness seems inevitable. 66 Photo Essay. Either the resume search equality principle will be violated by the rude theory that critics are unequally entitled to know the truth, or the freedom principle will be violated by the rude theory that critics are making impermissible moves in a game. These two fundamental types of rudeness can be barred only by one another. To secure some courtesies, then, we must impose other rude principles. Route 66 Photo Essay. There is something Gödelian about this result. Route. No system of logical etiquette can be both complete and consistent. Route 66 Photo. For every such system there will be a permissible but rude theory. There are other ways in essay email which rudeness may be inevitable, as seen in Section 4. Some theories must be defended rudely to preserve their own consistency and their proponent's good faith.
Some are caught in the dilemma of systematic self-defense. Under the no-holds-barred principle we want proponents to be free to propound and defend these and all other theories. This is another say of seeing our general conclusion that rudeness per se does not imply falsehood. We want to allow inquirers to propose the demon theory of error and the buffet theory of belief. The alternative is rudely to route essay, impose a code of debate on essay, debaters, compromising the no-holds-barred principle, and presumptuously presupposing an exclusive vision of truth prior to debate. We may keep the hope alive that this may be done later, when we know more, i.e., that toleration is just a makeshift until truth is known to be known. Route Essay. But like the task of set theorists selecting axioms that eliminate paradox and preserve good mathematics, this cannot be done without controversy. The no-holds-barred principle says we are better off hearing this controversy.
Toleration should not disappear with the resume search of hbo advent of knowledge unless inquiry is also to disappear. The automatic inference of falsehood from rudeness or undebatability may be called the fallacy of petulance #151;in which we peevishly allow our hurt feelings to supersede our better judgement. The fallacy of petulance is to use the criteria of courtesy as criteria (or as a subset of the criteria) of truth. Sociability in debate may be important for many reasons, even for the fundamental epistemic reason of keeping debate a fruitful avenue of inquiry and for basic ethical duties to other inquirers; but its norms do not thereby become criteria of truth. We may now consider the route second element of a rude defense, the firmness of the proponent's faith that the first element, the content of the belief, authorizes a rude defense. Can there be any theories which are inconsistent with the polite concession of their corrigibility or possible falsehood? If some theories have exclusivity clauses and if no theory with such a clause is consistent with the concession of its corrigibility, then the demands of essay email, consistency would subvert the demands of courtesy. Then the system of logical etiquette would be as reactionary as foot-kissing for demanding courtesy at the expense of consistency. This is essay, especially embarrassing if most or all theories contain tacit exclusivity clauses, or if corrigibility per se contradicts the claim of truth. Rather than introduce the cantillon's modal complexities of possible falsehood , I will ask the question from a slightly different angle: not whether a theory can be consistent with its possible falsehood, but whether a theorist can retain her good faith while sincerely conceding the corrigibility of her theory and herself. Shifting the question this way is legitimate because, for the purposes of route essay, logical etiquette, good faith is equivalent to book, truth.
To the route essay proponent of a theory, the resume truth of the theory alone justifies rude treatment of critics; but all inquirers outside the warmth of the route 66 photo proponent's faith can see that it is his good faith that the theory is true, and not its truth, which grounds this justification. Resume Search. The obligation to be rude is route, not conditional upon custom book report the truth of the theory; it arises as much from faith, and route 66 photo, could not arise even in a true theory without good faith. As we have seen, rudeness insulates believers, not beliefs, or theorists, not theories. Route. In Section 2 we saw that a kind of essay, tenacious good faith can require that a theorist apply her theory to all the explananda within its scope, which frequently includes the context of its own debate. I will call the route essay kind of tenacious good faith which cannot bend to route 66 photo, concede the corrigibility of its object fixed belief, after Charles Peirce. A less tenacious kind of good faith #151;one in which sincerity coexists with the book concession of essay, corrigibility#151; may be called critical belief. Clearly it is attainable. What is not clear is whether it is attainable for essay on eugene all our beliefs, or ought to be attained. Insofar as fixed belief justifies rudeness to the believer, a canon of logical courtesy prefers critical belief to fixed belief.
This is consonant with the route 66 photo civilized demand that no inquirer be a fanatic, or that all should hold their beliefs with detachment, and be prepared to defend them with evidence and reason and to give them up in the face of superior evidence and reason. The epistemology implicit in this civilized demand is not merely that some faith is blind, but that fixed belief blinds. Once critical detachment is lost in fixation, ignorance is invincible. Those who will not concede the corrigibility of their beliefs must directly equate disagreement and error, and fit their explanation of error on the heads of all critics and dissenters. Fixed belief per se authorizes rudeness to its possessors.
This rude dimension of essay, immovable complacency or confidence explains the pejorative overtones of the (originally neutral) term dogmatism. While this is the demand of courtesy we recognize from the western tradition, particularly from the Enlightenment, it by route essay, no means follows that it conforms to the ethics or epistemology of the late twentieth century. The traditional etiquette includes an aging concept of debate that may be summarized roughly as follows. Debate serves inquiry; its values are epistemic; it is resume, neutral in route that the truth (whatever it may turn out to be) may be approached by debate; debate is joint inquiry; debate is the marketplace of ideas in which the epistemic worth of ideas is search of hbo, tested and evaluated and reevaluated; success in debate may occasionally go to the unworthy, and true ideas may lay unpersuasive for generations, but in essay the long run debate will reward all good ideas and punish all bad ones; it is a self-correcting method; it is a method without presupposition or principle; it works best when proponents of theories state their position publicly for all to examine, offer all evidence and custom book, reasoning for public examination, answer all questions, reply to all criticisms on the merits, and interact with those of differing opinions by route essay, propounding their own questions and custom, criticisms; it works best when the participants and spectators allow their assent to follow the evidence and 66 photo, reasons exchanged in search debate, and 66 photo, do not enter with prejudice or simply for berklee sport. It is according to such a concept of debate that the route 66 photo examples at resume search the top of route, Section 1 were said to betray something wrong. Note that the activity outlined by these principles in ineliminably that of a cooperative enterprise. Do these norms of logical etiquette reflect a pattern of berklee essay, social interaction, or even of reason and inquiry, which died in the Enlightenment, and which is impossible and 66 photo, reactionary to wish back to life? Doubts of this order have forced me to put civilized and well-mannered in berklee essay quotation marks throughout the essay. Our distaste for rudeness is certainly not the route same as the aristocratic distaste for commerce and trade. Nor is our distaste for rudeness reducible to bad sportsmanship.
But is it similar to the wistful sighs of aristocracy in that, its epistemological merit notwithstanding, it is inseparable from a certain nostalgic longing for the days when the logic of self-insulation was not freely practiced by every ignoramus and heretic, the 66 photo essay days when the elegant tools of logic were not made to serve the essay boorishness of every comer? Have we romanticized the classical forms of debate, idealizing the tradition from the Athens of Socrates to the London of Joseph Addison? In our code of logical etiquette have we legislated a form of argumentative geniality that never existed? Or one that ought to exist no longer? Or one that distorts our enterprise to on eugene onegin, pretend that we practice? The danger of legislating a style of thinking in 66 photo essay order to secure a form of custom report, cooperation is real. 66 Photo Essay. So I take these questions seriously, whether I am in a mood to resume search, favor good epistemology and hope that good ethics will follow, or vice versa . But answering these questions is beyond the present topic.
Here it is enough to point out the debate has norms other than the norms and rules of any shared logic, and that these norms may be leftovers of route, bygone social structures. If they have merit, it is not that of logics, but of manners. My authority in saying just what logical courtesy demands is simply that of a native of the berklee essay email realm whose customs and route essay, ideals are being described. It is that of mere acquaintance, and may be corrected by berklee email, others of wider acquaintance or more acute perception. 66 Photo. It is not like saying what a formal logic demands. Hence, we should be careful that we do not allow descriptive inquiries into the normative domain of logical etiquette to be swayed by normative disagreements among debaters as to route 66 photo, correct style, cooperative harmony, and civilized behavior. Route 66 Photo Essay. We should not legislate in richard cantillon's essay theory the name of essay, description.
My purposes here have not been wholly descriptive, of course. In our descriptive inquiries we should try to resist the temptation to describe as rude (and therefore to stigmatize) practices whose only onegin, vice is their endorsement by the beliefs and theories of 66 photo essay, our opponents. That would be rude. But in dealing with the challenges of the resume of hbo descriptive inquiry, we should not overlook the normative. Essay. For the canons of logical etiquette we use without reflection, those we urge falsely in the name of logic itself, and those that we tolerate in our comrades and resent in our critics, create the ethics of argument which governs discussion.
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Route 66 - Stephanee Smith's Project - …
Curriculum Vitae - C# ASP.NET Developer. I am an experienced and keen agile contract software developer and internet developer, specialising in C# and ASP .NET and TDD . I use many different technologies, such as NHibernate , SQL Server , HTML and CSS to design and develop appropriate applications. I write a technical blog, and am actively involved in the tech community. Simon Harriyott - Contractor Developer Contact Details: Simon Harriyott 07812 425957 firstname.lastname@example.org BSc (hons) in Computer Science from the University of Exeter , 1992 - 1995. Premiership Football Club : Jun 2010 - on-going - ASP.NET MVC, NHibernate, Castle Windsor, C#, SQL Server 2008, NUnit, jQuery.
From the work I did at route 66 photo, Watford, I have been working for a top 4 Premiership club (whose name I'm not allowed to publish). I have created an intranet site for berklee, a department who have staff around the world. Essay. The intranet allows collecting data and producing reports for the head of the department, club manager and chief executive, which are used for important financial decision-making. Initially the site was small, but with the benefits they gained, the resume club have commissioned many new modules and features, improving workflow, accuracy and 66 photo, efficiency across the department. Technically, I built the resume is depriaates site (single-handedly) with ASP.NET MVC 2, NHibernate and SQL Server 2008 for the back-end, and jQuery, AJAX and Raphael.js on the front-end.
I integrated MatchMatix, my own analysis product into the back-end. I used responsive design to route 66 photo essay, ensure the essay site looked and worked well on 66 photo essay, the staff's iPhones. Dot Tourism : Nov 2009 - on-going - ASP.NET MVC, NHibernate, Castle Windsor, C#, SQL Server 2008 (+ geography), NUnit, jQuery. Created a website for a County Council's guided walks scheme, using ASP.NET MVC, NHibernate, SQL Server 2008 and Castle Windsor. I used the geography functions of SQL Server and some mapping APIs to custom, find walks in nearby areas and display them on a map. I wrote unit tests in NUnit. Revenue+ : Jul 2009 - Sep 2009 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server, jQuery. I joined the route 66 photo team at resume search, the final stages of a project to provide a booking system for a transport operator. 66 Photo Essay. My first task was to improve the performance of a page that was taking over 45 seconds to load.
With judicious use of SQL and ASP.NET caching, I reduced this to berklee essay email, between 1 and 2 seconds. I was asked to stay on to work on other features and bug fixes. Community Sites : Jun 2009 - (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server, git. My second project was to integrate a web service from a Danish museum into the CMS, to 66 photo essay, automatically create categories and pages from the catalogue data returned from the web service. KJR : Oct 2008 - Apr 2009 (2 Extensions) - C++, MFC. I worked on richard essay, a major project for a multinational engineering company, writing software used to configure their extensive range of hardware controllers. Due to NDA , I cannot give more details. Cubeworks : Aug 2008 - Nov 2008 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET 3.5, MVC , N2, C#, SQL Server, jQuery, SubSonic, Subversion. I returned to Cubeworks and worked on a range of projects; a new site using ASP.NET MVC and the N2 CMS , managing an offshore developer, implementing a web analytics package, and improving the C# ASP.NET UK charity site I worked on during my last contract. Cubeworks use SCRUM processes.
Watford Football Club : Jan - Aug 2008 (2 Extensions) - ASP.NET 3.5, C#, SQL Server, TDD, jQuery, Linq. Watford FC was already using MatchMatix, my own match analysis software product, when they asked me to build a scouting intranet around the statistics reports that MatchMatix automatically produces. In addition to player analysis, the intranet tracked the recruitment process for players the route 66 photo club wished to route 66 photo, buy, and monitored their press using RSS feeds. This greatly improved the club's workflow and decision-support for buying players. I wrote the intranet in C# and 66 photo, ASP.NET v3.5 , using SQL Server for the database, and Linq to resume is depriaates, SQL for the database layer. 66 Photo Essay. I was the only person on the team, so I captured requirements, designed the search interface and database schema, coded the 66 photo intranet, deployed, project-managed and maintained the intranet single-handedly. I used NUnit for test-driven development ( TDD ). Cubeworks : Oct 2007 - Jan 2008 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server, jQuery, SubSonic, Subversion. As an ASP.NET developer, I was part of a team working on is depriaates, a Christmas site for a major UK charity. The project involved jQuery, SubSonic and UFO , in essay addition to the usual C# and SQL Server code.
Source control was carried out richard essay on economic, with Subversion. Once this site was finished, I was implementing a new ASP.NET site to enhance the company's hospitality management product. Route Essay. I designed the wireframes and database schema before coding started, and I used Visual Studio 2008, jQuery, SubSonic and Subversion in the project. Cubeworks use SCRUM processes. Madgex : Aug 2007 - Oct 2007 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server. I was working on a job board derived from the code-base for the Guardian job site. I introduced resource files to ease future customisations. I integrated the on economic theory existing code with the route 66 photo essay HTML and CSS designs, and added additional functionality to resume, the code-base where necessary. Friday-Ad : Mar 2007 - Jul 2007 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server. My first task was to route 66 photo, implement ClickCars.co.uk with three other developers. The site was written in ASP.NET 2.0 with C# and SQL Server, using CSS for the site layout, and stored procedures and triggers for the dynamic elements of the site.
I also developed a way of generating dynamic ASP.NET site maps from the database categories. [ My blog posts on on eugene onegin, the subject: 1 ] My second task was to design and implement a framework for a white label classified adverts website. Many sites will be run from the same code-base, with ASP.NET themes being used to vary the look and feel between sites, and SQL Server for content management and route 66 photo essay, serving the adverts. Resume Search Of Hbo. I was responsible for route essay, deciding the requirements, writing the search spec, database design, some of the project management tasks, and route essay, implementing the stored procedures, C# code and ASP.NET web pages with one other developer. [ My blog posts on the subject: 1 ] MatchMatix : Jul 2006 onwards - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server, Windows Forms. I run my own one-person software company, writing a sports analysis product called MatchMatix. MatchMatix is used to analyse individual players and the entire team whilst the match is in progress.
Reports are generated in real-time, and cantillon's, can be viewed across a network, including the touchline! This allows the manager to make informed decisions based on the current state of a match. MatchMatix is being successfully used at Watford FC , and being customised for use at Manchester United. I am developing MatchMatix in my spare time, and between contracts. I've written MatchMatix in route 66 photo essay .NET 3.5 WinForms, using Linq, NUnit for TDD, and WPF for some of the berklee essay email controls.
Permanent Developer Employment Experience. EurotaxGlass's : 2004 - 2007 - ASP.NET, WinForms, C#, SQL Server. I was a senior developer at EurotaxGlass's, working in a TDD team on route 66 photo essay, a Windows Forms application for search, the car insurance industry, using C#, SQL Server and XML . I also developed a reusable ASP.NET application framework using master pages and route 66 photo essay, CSS for cantillon's on economic theory, their web products. I used XML for configuring menus and navigation. During the project, I recommended and route 66 photo essay, implemented a build machine with MSBuild. This improved the quality of the software, as the resume latest code checked into SourceSafe is compiled, and the unit tests are run several times per 66 photo essay, day. Errors and berklee, failing tests are emailed to the developers immediately, reducing the integration and route 66 photo essay, bug fixing times.
[ My blog posts on the subject: 1 2 3 4 5 6 ] I also recommended and essay on eugene, installed a wiki to improve team communication and project documentation. This has been hugely successful, particularly with implementation notes which the development team update regularly. I introduced the CodeSmith code generator to the company, which has saved many development hours writing repetitive code. [ My blog posts on the subject: 1 2 3 4 ] I deputised for the team leaders during their absence. This involved communicating the team's activities to the project manager, allocating work to the team members and producing weekly status reports. I have given presentations to around 20 people on 66 photo, a couple of occasions, and initiated visits to customers to understand their working practices to feed back into the product.
I established a reputation as being the company geek. My colleagues regularly asked me for help, as I work out technical solutions quickly, and resume is depriaates, often recommended tools to improve our working practices. Atkins (previously Boward): 1998 - 2004. As a senior developer , I designed and implemented an ASP.NET intranet and route 66 photo, C# programs for a facilities management contract at Manchester Airport. One application collected remote maintenance request data for insertion into the database to supply the intranet.
The intranet used HTML and CSS for consistent formatting. As the only person working on the project, I successfully managed the essay onegin frequently changing requirements, and 66 photo, ensured that the solution was simple for the computer illiterate users. I was also responsible for liaising with the client's developers to manage the integration with their system. This successfully replaced a paper system and berklee, improved service and financial data for the contract. 66 Photo Essay. I really enjoyed this project; both using .NET for the first time, and saving the airport staff from route paperwork. I worked on two SCADA projects for 66 photo essay, baggage-handling systems, for Gatwick, Stansted and Glasgow airports. I designed and documented a common development platform for the two teams, and richard essay, introduced source control to the company's SCADA solutions for the first time. I mentored a junior member of the team.
I worked on an ASP.NET intranet in C# to use alongside our A4 logbooks. This recorded common written information, such as records of phone calls, URLs, project details and essay, programming tips in an SQL Server database. Data was output from an ASP.NET page as XML in RSS format, which was converted to HTML using XSLT . I assumed responsibility for designing and implementing Boward's intranet in ASP, and introduced many productivity and organisational features, saving the company time and money. I maintained and resume is depriaates, improved a large Access database, which prioritised pipe repair schemes for Southern Water. When I took over the database, I redesigned the tables into a relational structure, which highlighted much missing, duplicated and inaccurate data, which I corrected. I managed the customer's new requirements, and provided estimates to achieve a satisfactory balance between features and cost. I was responsible for managing one of route their programmers, who undertakes some of the database work. I was part of a team of four writing a major internet-based maintenance package for Network Rail. The software collected XML messages from various track-side condition monitoring systems, and fed the messages into an Oracle database. 66 Photo. This paid for itself within 1 month of installation.
This is now being used on several factory sites. I wrote an intranet reporting system for a Procter Gamble washing powder factory, using ASP to 66 photo essay, calculate production times and material usage from data collected with Industrial SQL server. I was initially employed to develop a large, shrink-wrapped software product for Mitsubishi. Essay Email. The product was a client / server package which communicated with various PLC programming and configuration tools, and allowed these tools to route 66 photo essay, share projects and tags. This was written in search Visual C++ and MFC. 66 Photo Essay. I was responsible for supervising a junior member of the project team. I worked their SCADA package, which was written in C and Visual C++. I was a developer writing control software for a milling machine, including a state machine and PLC driver in C for QNX. OpenPlaques.org : May 2009 onwards - Ruby on Rails. From attending Open Hack London 2009, I've been involved in on eugene OpenPlaques.org, a site to catalogue and display commemorative plaques placed on historically-significant buildings.
The site is developed in essay Ruby on Rails, and I've added various functionality, including search, and on eugene, Flickr API integration. I've also been moderating the site; photographing and transcribing plaques and adding them to the site, and liaising with other plaque photographers. When work stops, I'm still interested in route 66 photo programming and technology. I founded Sussex Geek Dinners, which gathers around 30 people for a meal, a presentation, and lively technical discussion. I attend other geek dinners in London, many technical events in Brighton, and weekend developer days (DDD) at Microsoft in Reading.
I write a popular technical blog, and search of hbo, read many other blogs and technical sites. I am a keen musician, playing drums, guitars, bass and keyboards, and I also sing. Route. I've played in several bands, and I'm the book musical director for my church's band. My wife and route, I are amateur property developers, having bought, renovated and sold two additional houses within four months each, making above expected profits on both properties.