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Descriptive essay about winter

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atg dynamo resume Bridgend. CF31 5DY. Descriptive Essay Winter! T +44 7739 180 892. F +44 870 138 6993. I am an experienced technical analyst, architect, team leader and research paper developer of essay, web-based enterprise applications, e-commerce, and applications driving digital media and community web sites. Digital Media and Content Management. Community Sites, Portals, Blogs and Podcasts. With No Results! Online Commerce, Marketing and descriptive winter Advertising.

Liaising with Business Units and Technical Teams. Technical Architecture and Design. Analysing Technology Trends and Advising on Strategy. Building and Leading Teams. Core Technologies - Java (J2EE), XML and XSL (XSLT), SQL and great quotes a college essay Relational Databases, Web Services (SOAP and ReST), HTTP/HTTPS, HTML, JavaScript, CSS, XSL, XForms, WAP/WML. Descriptive Essay About! Digital Media Production, Management and Distribution - RealProducer, Apple iLife Suite, Interwoven TeamSite, Trigo, Autonomy, ATG Publisher, RealMedia, Quicktime, RSS. E-Commerce Technology - ATG Commerce Suite, Fredhopper, Payment Gateways. Application Servers and writing news Frameworks - ATG Dynamo, IBM Websphere, Apache Tomcat, The Spring Framework, Hibernate, Jakarta Struts, Apache Axis. Development Tools - Eclipse, Together Control Center, Macromedia DreamWeaver, Macromedia HomeSite, XMLSpy. Descriptive About Winter! Lead Technical Architect, Multiple Fledgling Projects - Present. Currently leading development of phd thesis no results, infrastructure applications for the creation, management and publishing of content for a number of essay about winter, early-stage community websites comprising text, audio and video articles, blogs and podcasts.

Defining processes for media production and distribution. Developing technical strategy for great quotes to start essay further growth. Using iMovie and GarageBand for content creation, Using J2EE (Apache Tomcat, The Spring Framework, Hibernate and descriptive about Castor) and MySQL as the database. Senior Developer and Architect, MTV Networks Europe (London, UK) - 2005. Part of team involved in the full life cycle of developing and maintaining core business frameworks for content management, user profiling, authentication and authorisation, community tools. Migrated to Service Oriented Architecture using ReST based services. Uea Creative! Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo 5.6.1 and 6.3, Apache Tomcat, The Spring Framework, Hibernate), Sybase, MySQL, Developer and descriptive essay winter Consultant, BBC Worldwide (London, UK) - 2004-2005. Helped migrate The Motion Gallery - an online media commerce application - from J2EE to .NET for BBC Technology and writing news BBC Worldwide. Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo 6.0) with Autonomy, Oracle and essay about SQL Server.

Senior Developer, BQ (Southampton, UK) and Javelin Group (London, UK) - 2004-2005. Part of society essay, team bringing BQ#x2019;s consumer commerce platform in-house. Integrated front-end web-based application with order processing functionality using ERP, enterprise messaging and web services. Descriptive Essay Winter! Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo, IBM Websphere, Apache Tomcat, The Spring Framework), Messaging (IBM Websphere MQ), XML-RPC (Apache Axis), and Oracle 9i as the database. Senior Developer, Hewlett Packard (Reading, UK) and Conexus (Windsor, UK) - 2003. Research Paper! Designed and developed an e-commerce solution for HP training courses. Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo), Microsoft SQL Server, and ATG Publishing, with IBM Websphere Application Developer as the development platform. Senior Development Consultant, Philips Consumer Electronics (Eindhoven, Netherlands) - 2003. Re-designed and essay about re-factored existing platform to improve reliability and to phd thesis move towards a Service Oriented Architecture.

Designed and developed online dealer locator functionality integrating with mapping and geographic service providers. Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo), integrated with Trigo (Content Management), Fredhopper (Product Search and Merchandising) and proprietary and in-house back end systems. Descriptive Winter! Architect, Consultant and Lead Developer, Friends Provident (Salisbury, UK) and Practiv Applied Software (Guildford, UK and writing Auckland, New Zealand) - 2001-2003. Descriptive About Winter! Participated in full life cycle development of corporate web sites, consumer focused web sites applications, and business-to-business commerce solutions for lenar md this Life Assurance and Pensions provider. Built infrastructure for collaborative working, helped specify software hardware requirements. Helped build initial project team, participated in about, resource profiling and recruitment efforts. Gathered requirements and formulated technical strategy with various business units around the company. Designed and led development of applications integrating extensively with legacy financial systems. Liaised with testing team and provided support managing bug fixing and maintenance.

Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo and HP Bluestone), Messaging (RMI, IBM MQ Series), Content Managament (Interwoven TeamSite, NetObjects Fusion), Security (Wipro WebSecure) and various proprietary or in-house legacy applications. Senior Applications Developer, Epylon Corporation - 2000-2001. Worked with product managers to society essay design and develop new functionality and to enhance existing components of Epylon#x2019;s Business-to-Government and Business-to-Education marketplace site. Led initiative for descriptive winter internationalisation and localisation with resource-based UI development. Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo) and Oracle (version 8). Senior Consultant, Media3k / eScene Networks (San Francisco, USA) - 2000. Essay! Designed and developed core pieces of an essay, online media commerce application - including media catalogues, user account management and profiling, and integration with payment services.

Used J2EE (ATG Dynamo) and phd thesis no results Oracle (version 8) Senior Consultant, Interim Technology / Spherion (San Francisco, USA) - 1999-2000. Consulted to San Francisco- and other Bay Area- based clients including: Alameda County IT Department #x2013; developed intranet applications enabling communication and collaboration between various departments in the county government. KiraCom: Helped enhance the data architecture for this women-oriented portal employing a pre-J2EE Java application server and template language. Senior Developer, Spark Online (San Francisco, USA) - 1997-1999. Descriptive About! Coordinated with product development to design and develop pieces of a vertical application for automating the phd thesis with no results process of descriptive about winter, managing online advertising space. Developed user contact management solutions, geographic and demographic data management components, integration with third part ad servers. Used Allaire JRun (pre-J2EE servlet engine) and Microsoft IIS as the application platform with XML and criminology server-side Java, Oracle 8 and SQL Server as the databases, and HTML/JavaScript/DHTML, Java applets, ASP, and Flash/Shockwave as front-end technologies.

B.Sc. (Mathematics, Physics, Electronics), Nagpur University, India - 1994. Certification in C, C++, and Java. Member of professional developer's programs from leading technology vendors such as IBM, Sun Microsystems, Oracle, Netscape, ATG, BEA, Apple, Palm, Ericsson, Nokia and Microsoft. Travelled extensively and lived for varying periods around Europe, Asia, North America and Africa. Lived and worked in the UK, Netherlands, USA and India.

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NEPAD and African Development Policy. It has been argued that NEPAD “constitutes the most important advance in African development policy during the essay, last four decades” (Hope, 2002). Do you agree? In 2001 the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) was launched in Abuja. The goals of this nascent organisation were far-reaching and in dead extensive. They included: the eradication of poverty, the production of sustainable growth, the reversing of African marginalisation and the empowerment of winter women and minorities. The closing lines of the organisation’s policy framework encompass these aims stating that ‘in fulfilling its promise, this agenda must give hope to the emaciated African child that the 21st century is indeed Africa’s century.’[1] NEPAD enshrined the society essay, principles of continued integration of African states, partnership within Africa and with those outside of the about, continent and the fulfilling of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In 2010 it became a technical arm of the research paper, new African Union (AU)[2] and has launched the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), which is an inspection of good governance and democracy in volunteer states by other African nations.

At present it has 29 members (over 70% of descriptive all African states) including Nigeria, Rwanda, Algeria, Congo and Egypt.[3] NEPAD and its associated programs have been widely accepted among African states, regional and international organisations and with academics. Indeed, K. R. Hope argues that NEPAD ‘constitutes the most important advance in African development policy during the last four decades. Undoubtedly it is an ambitious programme and represents perhaps one last hope for Africa to descriptive about winter reverse its slide into irrelevance.’[4] However, critiques of NEPAD, its programs and research paper philosophy have been levelled from many different sides. Critics argue that NEPAD is nothing radically new and is in fact, as Henning Melber argues, simply ‘old wine in new bottles,’[5] a new face on old policies and ideas. It is seen as overly westernised and pursuing a western agenda and that it often fails to understand the realities of the political systems it encounters. Others argue that NEPAD was set up by political elites whose pasts do not mirror the aims of democracy and good governance that they espouse (e.g. Essay About Winter? Hosni Mubarak and Thabo Mbeki), and that it was created with little consultation and partnership. Political economists argue that the growth required for the development targets set by NEPAD is over-ambitious in the current climate. This essay will discuss the issues facing NEPAD and ascertain whether the New Partnership for Africa’s Development is indeed ‘the most important advance in in dead society, African development policy during the last four decades.’[6] Attention shall be drawn throughout to the positive effects of NEPAD and the importance of its creation and continued involvement n African development policy.

However, this will be contrasted with some of the negative objections raised, including those outlined above, to provide a fair and balanced assessment of the Partnership’s importance to the continent. Perhaps one of the most important aspects of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development is that it is an African organisation, founded and run by African leaders. Therefore, it demonstrates a newfound need and ability for winter Africans to help themselves rather than rely on outside nations and organisations such as the UN. Indeed, the framework document of NEPAD states ‘This New Partnership for Africa’s Development is a pledge by African leaders, based on a common vision and a firm and xanax shared conviction … the Programme is anchored on essay about winter, the determination of Africans to extricate themselves and the continent from the malaise of underdevelopment and exclusion in a globalising world.’[7] Even its critics among civil society groups agree that the ideas of ‘self reliance’ and a ‘focus on criminology writing, “African ownership and management”’ are huge positives brought by NEPAD.[8] Indeed, Gottschalk and Schmidt go even further arguing that ‘both NEPAD and the AU can be regarded as unprecedented developments in Africa, whether Sub-Saharan or North. They are continent-wide, indigenous initiatives providing the continent with a vision for Africa in about, the twenty-first century.’[9] These ideas push the flourishing idea of an ‘African Renaissance’ in which (as in 15 th Century Europe) Africa will experience a cultural rebirth, with a spread of democracy and in dead poets emancipation led by a renewed focus on African values, culture and glorious past and with a focus on greater economic and scientific success.

From this point of view, NEPAD represents one of the descriptive essay winter, first real steps in criminology dissertation, the African journey from descriptive about irrelevance, conflict, neo-patrimonialism, aid dependency and poverty to a new, African-led future of integration, democracy and economic control. Perhaps the news, best practical example of NEPAD’s implementation of essay winter these ideals can be seen in the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM). The APRM demonstrates the direct ability of African states and phd thesis with no results individuals to police and inspect other African nations. In theory the APRM allows for descriptive the development of good governance and quotes essay democracy within African states without the involvement of essay about foreign countries, donor states and international organisations, which had often previously been necessary. The mechanism also provides a new form of transparent accountability on African states governance. Through the use of fully published reports by individuals with high moral accountability (such as church leaders and no results ex-heads of state) and impartiality it forces the states which volunteer for the process to be completely open about the states political system and record of good governance. APRM is often described as one of NEPAD’s most radical proposals[10] and it has been met with both cynicism and descriptive about criticism. The APRM has been, in the words of Makamunana and Kuye, ‘lampooned by xanax paper, critics for lacking teeth … the about, APRM is a non-punitive, non-adversarial process that assumes … that participating countries will act in good faith.’[11] The Mechanism itself has no ability to enforce its findings or recommendations and, in research, fact, leaves it up to governments themselves to do so.

If the descriptive about, political will to music in dead poets do so is not forthcoming then the APRM calls on other governments and donor states to push, with all reasonable diplomatic means, for the objectives to be met in the state concerned.[12] There is little detail and it is left to the enforcers (with all their political motivations) to decide the particular enforcements. This could result in international contention and discord, undermining all co-operative undertakings in about, Africa.[13] Another of the major arguments against the APRM is that the self-assessment format is no results, inherently flawed. By allowing states to assess their own political problems the process opens up the dilemma that states will fail to answer correctly or in full, either because they do not wish to descriptive about divulge some political tensions or failures or because they themselves cannot see them. Eduard Jordaan provides an excellent example in his critique of the Rwandan self-assessment. He argues that in a far advanced stage of Rwanda’s self-assessment report the essay, Rwandan government had made little or no mention of some of the severest problems afflicting the state. The report is also heavily biased towards the Rwandan government with opposition voices mostly marginalised within it creating a skewed favourable view of the governance of Rwanda.[14] Jordaan’s article draws on two major problems within both the APRM and NEPAD as a whole. The first is descriptive about, a relatively obvious one: ‘Accession to the APRM requires a commitment from governments to identify their own failures with brutal honesty, a rare occurrence indeed. Perhaps it should therefore come as little surprise that Rwanda has succumbed to a self-protective impulse in lenar md, the self-assessment phase of the peer review process.’[15] The second problem identified is much more complicated.

Jordaan identifies that the majority of African states run on a neopatrimonialist system. In such a system a pyramid is formed, containing numerous dyads of interaction between service providers and service users. For example, a businessman may have ‘his customs man’ with whom he exchanges not only money for a better service or to descriptive essay about waive certain legalities but also gifts and friendship.[16] This system is entirely at odds with NEPAD’s aspirations to democracy, public responsibility and good governance. ‘It therefore appears as though the proper implementation of uea creative writing news NEPAD’s goals would pose an acute threat to the privileged tenure of Africa’s leaders, despite their vociferous support of NEPAD and the APRM.’[17] Arguably, therefore, while the APRM (as a representative of NEPAD as a whole) is essay about, excellent in theory, it is with no results, beset by certain problems which leads to the conclusion that NEPAD may not be as effective as a force in African development as some of its supporters such as Hope would believe. The criticism does not stop at the APRM, however, and extends to NEPAD itself. Firstly, NEPAD is seen as another in a long line of descriptive essay about failed attempts to deal with the research, continent’s problems.

Indeed, the ideas of essay about pan-Africanism (which NEPAD and the AU embody) stretch back a long way; famously in 1963 Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah called for a United States of Africa, five years after the Treaty of Rome created the European Economic Community.[18] No other state leader backed the xanax paper, idea, which included huge government and military integration.[19] Critics also point to descriptive essay winter the later failure of the great to start a college essay, Organisation of descriptive essay African Unity as proof that ‘institutional frameworks of African integration attempted over the last four decades or so were chronically under-resourced and politically marginalized.’[20] Gottschalk and lenar yessayan Schmidt go on to argue that ‘we need to ask whether the foundation of NEPAD and the AU improves the chances of descriptive essay about a new era dawning for the continent, or whether the well-known gap in music in dead society, Africa between great expectations and descriptive essay high-flown rhetoric on the one hand, and no results low capabilities and descriptive essay about winter inertia on the other, can be narrowed.’ The failure of previous attempts at pan-African co-operation has damaged the public perception within Africa of what such organizations can achieve. Overshadowing this is the historic mistrust of giving up power and the post-colonialist edifying of ideas of sovereignty and the nation-state. It is hard to see how NEPAD ‘constitutes the most important advance in African development policy during the last four decades’ when many Africans wait for it to fail as its predecessors did, and mistrust its intentions as part of the AU. A second issue is also prevalent when discussing the African view of NEPAD: that of criminology dissertation writing its westernised image. Despite its pan-African beginnings, NEPAD has be seen as a Western wolf in African sheep’s clothing; an organisation inspired by, and promoting, Western values, philosophies and economics. It also has major support and engagement from essay winter western international organisations such as the EU, IMF and the UN. In return for the promotion of the westernised values of lenar yessayan good governance, free trade and about integration, these ‘development partners’ would support NEPAD financially and politically.[21] However, the idea of a New Partnership between the uea creative news, developed world and essay about Africa was essentially flawed, the differences in power and control between the donor states and organisations of the writing, West and the poor African states is just too immense. Descriptive About? Indeed, as Ian Taylor points out, ‘the use of the supposedly equalising and leveling word “partnership” to portray and describe “development relationships” was actually an endeavour to disavow and obscure European paternalism, with its roots firmly embedded in the colonial experience.’[22] Developing on Taylor’s line of argument, Kunle Amuwo argues that, rather than development, the Western historic paradigm in Africa is one of acquisition. Over the past three centuries the slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialist globalisation have removed the ability of Africa to decide its own fate and has subjugated it, so that its only role is the production of primary goods and writing news raw materials for the global market.[23] The article goes on to argue that NEPAD fails to account for the forces of (neo) colonialism as an instrument of Africa’s current underdevelopment and its promotion of liberal Western economic values is about winter, simply a continuation of Western capitalist control of Africa’s development potential.[24] Indeed, ‘the discourse [of ‘partnerships’] is yessayan md, a rhetorical device to camouflage material processes of essay about winter exploitation and unequal exchange.’[25] The continuing lack of equality in economic trade between Africa and the developed world, and the neo-colonialist aspect in the globalisation by the West and China mean that the promise of free trade and ‘partnership’ bringing African development and economic success is laughably hollow. NEPAD’s political objectives receive similar criticism. The western understanding of democracy, as promoted by NEPAD, is one of multi-party elections and xanax research full suffrage on a national scale.

Not only does this perception ignore all African cultural and socio-political history (as with the economic issues) but it also fails to essay determine the place that neo-patrimonialist representation and political capital has within many African national systems of government. In many cases, elections are fought between various factions of elites that have been politically powerful for decades and in quite a few countries the government has stayed in through patrimonialism, authoritarian control, shrewd politics and even violence. Only in a few cases – Mauritius, Cape Verde, Senegal and Ghana for example – have multi-party elections created a positive political atmosphere in which good governance and accountability can be discussed, as NEPAD believes it should.[26] On the other hand, others have not been as successful; the criminology dissertation writing, experiences of countries such as Zimbabwe, Zambia, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire and Kenya ‘do not augur well for the hypothesis that multi-party elections are a sound basis for political and economic improvements that are required if the condition of ordinary Africans is to improve.’[27] Indeed as Patrick Chabal goes on essay about winter, to argue, ‘the notion of lenar yessayan democratization (whatever it may, in practice, mean) would lead ipso facto to economic growth flies in the face of all available historical evidence. Democracy as we know it in the West is the descriptive about winter, outcome of, not the pre-condition for, economic development … To assume therefore that multi-party election competition will, in and of great to start a college itself, make development more likely is to be guilty of wishful thinking.’[28] Further criticism of NEPAD comes from civil society campaigners. Descriptive? As well as supporting the argument against the economic disadvantages of NEPAD’s policies, they believe that the way NEPAD was created is also inherently wrong. A report by the Southern and Eastern African Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) puts forward the xanax, case that NEPAD neglected the descriptive winter, people of Africa during the consultation phase of criminology writing its creation; instead the five heads of state who created NEPAD (those of South Africa, Nigeria, Senegal, Algeria and Egypt) went to the international arena and to descriptive essay about the heads of ‘private capital’.[29] The report argues that ‘although NEPAD talks about “ownership” of the process by the African people, and indeed exhorts the people to mobilise themselves behind NEPAD, they have not been consulted in the process.’[30] SEATINI argues that a better strategy for African development would be one based on the needs of the people rather than on the basis of quotes a college essay international competition and essay economics – ‘the practical effect of NEPAD would be to surrender the human rights of the people of writing Africa (their rights to food, water, energy, etc.) to the whims of a volatile and untrustworthy global capital.’[31]

It is essay about winter, also true that the economic goals which NEPAD deems necessary for the successful prosecution of its aims are seen by many as over-ambitious. The Partnership argues that national growth rates of 6-7% are not only feasible but also necessary for the requirements in uea creative writing, education, health, governance etc. to be met. In the three years prior to the global economic recession of 2009 this was perfectly possible, with average growth rates of over 6% with some countries even reaching 8-9% GDP growth. However, after the descriptive winter, collapse of global markets Africa’s growth collapsed by up to 8% to negative 1% (in southern Africa), with ten out of fifty countries reporting negative growth.[32] While some states continued to accrue reasonably high growth rates and things have improved since 2009, NEPAD’s requirement of 6-7% seems distant. International aid is also a major necessity for NEPAD’s operations. According to reports the Partnership requires 12% of GDP per annum or around $64 billion.[33] Much of this will, in the short and medium term, come from international aid and debt relief coupled with greater freedom in economic trade. Once again this is music in dead society essay, perhaps an descriptive about unrealistic aim when many countries are cutting international aid and development budgets to phd thesis with no results cope with the economic downturn. Essay? The UK is to start a college, a major donor in Africa and provides the highest proportion (14% from 2011-13) of the African Development Fund.[34] While the descriptive about, UK Overseas Development Budget has actually increased in yessayan md, recent years (to ?7,356 million for 2009/10) with a total of ?3,392 million used in Africa,[35] it is descriptive essay about winter, not all good news for the continent. Uea Creative? The UK is cutting the number of countries it provides aid to from 43 to 27 with the essay about winter, removal of help to Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Gambia, Lesotho and Niger.[36] At the same time, 30% of no results UK aid is being transferred to help unstable regions and lessen or remove security threats to Britain.[37] While, to descriptive essay about winter some extent, this supports NEPAD’s goals through developing peace and security, it also entails a shift of aid to countries such as Afghanistan and yessayan md a loss of about winter direct aid for xanax research paper governance and the promotion of equality and freedom. Therefore, once again it is descriptive about winter, difficult to see how the requirements of NEPAD are going to uea creative writing be met in an increasingly cash-strapped and security-focused world.

In conclusion, therefore, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development has a set of ambitious forward-thinking goals and ideals and is an excellent example of what Africans can do when they come together to help the continent out descriptive winter, of the uea creative writing, mire of its history and descriptive essay dependence. It is recognised by yessayan, most as a hugely important advance in essay about winter, the struggle for pan-African co-operation and uea creative writing news inspires all that is best about the new African Renaissance. Its practical applications, such as the African Peer Review Mechanism, are well received and accepted and show even more that Africa can take control of its own development and governance. Descriptive? However, NEPAD and xanax research paper the APRM have also attracted a lot of scepticism and criticism. The APRM has been called a flawed system – in that it relies far too heavily on the good intentions of the governments concerned and fails to comprehend the extent to which neo-patrimonialism is ingrained into African political society. It is also seen as a failure for lacking the “teeth” to enforce its findings and is forced to descriptive essay winter fall back on donor states and neighbours to apply pressure. NEPAD, too, comes under huge criticism; firstly as it is seen as another in a long line of failed good intentions and carries with it a certain amount of public mistrust. Secondly, NEPAD is seen as overly westernised and, from essay a post-colonialist point of view, can even be seen as an agent of western neo-colonialism due to the continuing inequalities and injustices in the free trade model the Partnership espouses. Thirdly, its political aspiration that pluralist electoral competition will inspire development and accountability flies in the face of descriptive essay winter a large amount of evidence within Africa and in the history of democracy more broadly. Civil society campaigners provide further issues with NEPAD, as they argue that it is driven by political elites with little co-operation or consultation with ordinary African people.

Lastly, the economic growth and international aid NEPAD requires are over-ambitious and entirely at odds with the current economic climate. Therefore, while NEPAD’s aspirations and lenar ideals are entirely laudable and the control it gives Africa over its own future is a huge step in the right direction, its failures and the issues raised lead to the conclusion that to call the Partnership ‘the most important advance in African development policy during the last four decades’ is an essay winter amplification of the true power and future influence that NEPAD will hold in Africa. [1] NEPAD – ‘New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ policy framework, created in Abuja, Nigeria (2001) – http://www.nepad.org/system/files/framework_0.pdf (accessed 13/4/11) [4] Hope, K. R. ‘From Crisis to phd thesis no results Renewal: Towards a Successful Implementation of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ African Affairs Vol. 101 (2002) pp 387-402. [5] Melber, H. ‘The New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Old Wine in descriptive, New Bottles?’ Norwegian Institute of International Affairs: Forum for Development Studies Vol. 29 No. 1 (2002) pp 186-211.

[6] Hope, K. R. ‘From Crisis to Renewal’ African Affairs Vol. Research? 101 (2002) pp 387-402. [7] NEPAD – ‘New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ policy framework, created in Abuja, Nigeria (2001) – http://www.nepad.org/system/files/framework_0.pdf (accessed 13/4/11) [8] Tandon, Y. ‘On NEPAD: Civil Society Perspectives’ SEATINI Bulletin Vol. 5 No. 4 (Feb 2002) [9] Gottschalk, K. and Schmidt, S ‘The African Union and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Strong Institutions for Weak States? International Politik und Gesselshaft (2004) pp 138-158. [10] For example see Jordaan, E. ‘Inadequately Self-Critical: Rwanda’s Self Assessment for the Peer Review Mechanism’ African Affairs Vol. 105 No. 420 (2006) pp 333-351. [11] Mukamunana, R. and Kuye, J. O. ‘Revisiting the African Peer Review Mechanism: the Case for Leadership and Good Governance in Africa’ Journal of Public Administration Vol. Essay About Winter? 40, No.

4.1 (Dec 2005) pp 590-604. [12] APRM – African Peer Review Mechanism – Base Document – African Peer Review Mechanism (base document)_6b4ce8caec8008da47acc7071d42135c.pdf. [13] Mukamunana, R. and Kuye, J. O. ‘Revisiting the criminology dissertation, African Peer Review Mechanism’ Journal of Public Administration (Dec 2005) pp 590-604. [14] Jordaan, E. ‘Inadequately Self-Critical African Affairs (2006) pp 333-351. [15] Jordaan, E. ‘Inadequately Self-Critical African Affairs (2006) pp 333-351. [16] Blundo, G. and descriptive essay winter De Sardan J. P. O. ‘Everyday Corruption on phd thesis with no results, West Africa’ in Blundo, G. and essay about De Sardan J. P. O. (eds) Everyday Corruption and the State: Citizens and Public Office in Africa (London: Zed; 2005) pp 82.

[17] Jordaan, E. ‘Inadequately Self-Critical’ African Affairs (2006) pp 333-351. [18] Gottschalk, K. and Schmidt, S ‘The African Union and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ International Politik und Gesellschaft (2004) pp 138-158. [19] Gottschalk, K. and Schmidt, S ‘The African Union and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ International Politik und Gesellschaft (2004) pp 138-158. [20] Gottschalk, K. and Schmidt, S ‘The African Union and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ International Politik und Gesellschaft (2004) pp 138-158. [21] Taylor, I. ‘Governance and Relations between the European Union and Africa: the Case of NEPAD’ Third World Quarterly Vol. 31 No. 1 (2010) pp 51-67. [22] Taylor, I. ‘Governance and Relations’ Third World Quarterly (2010) pp 51-67. [23] Akuwo, K. ‘Globalisation, NEPAD and the Governance Question in Africa’ African Studies Quarterly Vol. 6 No.3 (2002) pp 65-82. [24] Akuwo, K. ‘Globalisation, NEPAD and the Governance Question in Africa’ African Studies Quarterly Vol.

6 No.3 (2002) pp 65-82. [25] Taylor, I. ‘Governance and essay Relations’ Third World Quarterly (2010) pp 51-67. [26] Chabal, P. Essay About? ‘The Quest for Good Government and Development in with, Africa: Is NEPAD the Answer?’ International Affairs Vol. 78 No. 3 (2002) pp 447-462. [27] Chabal, P. ‘The Quest for Good Government and Development in descriptive winter, Africa: Is NEPAD the Answer?’ International Affairs Vol. To Start A College Essay? 78 No. 3 (2002) pp 447-462. [28] Chabal, P. ‘The Quest for essay about Good Government and Development in Africa: Is NEPAD the Answer?’ International Affairs Vol. 78 No. 3 (2002) pp 447-462.

[29] Tandon, Y. ‘On NEPAD: Civil Society Perspectives’ SEATINI Bulletin Vol. 5 No. 4 (Feb 2002) [30] Tandon, Y. Phd Thesis? ‘On NEPAD: Civil Society Perspectives’ SEATINI Bulletin Vol. 5 No. Descriptive Essay About? 4 (Feb 2002) [31] Tandon, Y. ‘On NEPAD: Civil Society Perspectives’ SEATINI Bulletin Vol.

5 No. 4 (Feb 2002) [33] Loxley, J. ‘Imperialism and Economic Reform in Africa: What’s New About the New Partnership for Africa’s Development?’ Review of xanax research paper Africa’s Political Economy Vol. Essay Winter? 30 No. 95 (Mar 2003) pp 119-128. [34] UK Department for International Development ‘Multilateral Aid Review of the African Development Fund’ (Feb 2011) [35] UK Department for International Development and UK National Statistics ‘Statistics on paper, International Development 2010’ (Oct 2010) [36] UK Department for International Development ‘UK Aid: Changing Lives, Delivering Results’ aid review summery document (Mar 2011) [37] UK Department for International Development ‘UK Aid: Changing Lives, Delivering Results’ aid review summery document (Mar 2011) Blundo, G. and De Sardan J. P. O. Essay Winter? ‘Everyday Corruption on West Africa’ in Blundo, G. and De Sardan J. P. O. (eds) Everyday Corruption and the State: Citizens and Public Office in Africa (London: Zed; 2005) Akuwo, K. ‘Globalisation, NEPAD and the Governance Question in music essay, Africa’ African Studies Quarterly Vol. 6 No.3 (2002) pp 65-82 Chabal, P. ‘The Quest for Good Government and Development in Africa: Is NEPAD the Answer?’ International Affairs Vol. Essay? 78 No. Writing? 3 (2002) pp 447-462 Gottschalk, K. and Schmidt, S ‘The African Union and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Strong Institutions for essay Weak States? International Politik und Gesselshaft (2004) pp 138-158 Hope, K. R. ‘From Crisis to Renewal: Towards a Successful Implementation of the uea creative news, New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ African Affairs Vol.

101 (2002) pp 387-402 Jordaan, E. ‘Inadequately Self-Critical: Rwanda’s Self Assessment for essay about winter the Peer Review Mechanism’ African Affairs Vol. Xanax Research Paper? 105 No. 420 (2006) pp 333-351 Loxley, J. ‘Imperialism and Economic Reform in Africa: What’s New About the New Partnership for Africa’s Development?’ Review of Africa’s Political Economy Vol. Descriptive Essay About Winter? 30 No. Music In Dead? 95 (Mar 2003) pp 119-128 Melber, H. ‘The New Partnership for Africa’s Development: Old Wine in New Bottles?’ Norwegian Institute of International Affairs: Forum for Development Studies Vol. 29 No. 1 (2002) pp 186-211 Mukamunana, R. and descriptive Kuye, J. Phd Thesis No Results? O. ‘Revisiting the African Peer Review Mechanism: the Case for Leadership and Good Governance in Africa’ Journal of Public Administration Vol. 40, No. 4.1 (Dec 2005) pp 590-604 Taylor, I. ‘Governance and Relations between the European Union and Africa: the Case of NEPAD’ Third World Quarterly Vol. 31 No. 1 (2010) pp 51-67 Tandon, Y. ‘On NEPAD: Civil Society Perspectives’ SEATINI Bulletin Vol.

5 No. 4 (Feb 2002) UK Department for International Development ‘Multilateral Aid Review of the African Development Fund’ (Feb 2011) UK Department for descriptive about winter International Development and writing news UK National Statistics ‘Statistics on International Development 2010’ (Oct 2010) UK Department for International Development ‘UK Aid: Changing Lives, Delivering Results’ aid review summery document (Mar 2011) African Economic Outlook – Economic Growth Remains Uneven Within Africa – http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/outlook/macroeconomic-situation-and-prospects/african-economies-will-gain-strength/economic-growth-remains/ NEPAD – APRM – African Peer Review Mechanism – Base Document – African Peer Review Mechanism (base document)_6b4ce8caec8008da47acc7071d42135c.pdf NEPAD – APRM – Participating Countries – http://www.aprm-international.org/index.htm NEPAD – History – http://www.nepad.org/history NEPAD – ‘New Partnership for Africa’s Development’ policy framework, created in Abuja, Nigeria (2001) – http://www.nepad.org/system/files/framework_0.pdf. All content on the website is published under the following Creative Commons License. Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by about, an all volunteer team. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view.

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Strategic Management and Joint Venture Essay Sample. Houzit is a home ware accessories dealer in Brisbane city which specializes in bathroom, bedroom fittings and decorative items. Descriptive Essay About Winter? They have 15 stores in Brisbane and managed by their head office which is located in Milton. Organization objectives. Houzit is planning to increase their sales from $15 million to $20 million annually in news, next three year time moreover increase the loyalty of essay customers from 10.000 to 15,000. Houzit also have plans to recognize by at least 1 person out of essay 3. Current Size.

They are located in commercial, suburban neighborhood or urban retail district with a size of 1000 to 1500 m2 with 15-20 fulltime and several employees. They usual money transaction with their customers are in 60% cash and essay about 40% long term repayment plan, their accessories are consist of 30% bathroom fittings, 35% bedroom furnishings, 20% mirrors and decorative items and 15% lighting fixtures. Capabilities and Resources. Houzit focus on high quality items and changing trends and they always focus to phd thesis, offer unique items to their customers, moreover they also believe and offer in mass produce as customers are no longer accepting a limited selection of home wares. Winter? As mentioned above they have 15 stores in poets society essay, Brisbane city and they all are currently operational with average sales of $15 million a year. Strengths and Weaknesses. Houzit current strength is descriptive essay, their skilled and trained employees, their outlets locations, loyalty of their customers and offer unique and innovative items and deals to their consumers, on the other hand their weakness is to xanax research paper, imply their vision into reality by introducing themselves to about winter, at least 1 person out of 3. Gaps Related to loyalty members and targeted sales. Their current sales is $15 million per year and have plans to increase it to $20 million, so there is a gap of xanax paper $5 million, loyalty of its customers currently stand 10,000 and they want to increase it to 15,000 and descriptive winter wants their brand recognition to md, at least 1 person out of 3 i.e. Descriptive Essay Winter? 1:3 . Opportunities for Houzit.

A joint venture (JV) is no results, a business agreement in which parties agrees to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity They exercise control over the enterprise and consequently share revenues, expenses and assets. There are other types of companies such as JV limited by descriptive guarantee, joint ventures limited by guarantee with partners holding shares. Benefits of joint venture. Provide companies with the opportunity to gain new capacity and expertise Allow companies to enter related businesses or new geographic markets or gain new technological knowledge Access to greater resources, including specialized staff and uea creative writing news technology sharing of risks with a venture partner. Risk of joint venture. It takes time and effort to build the right relationship and partnering with another business can be challenging. Problems are likely to arise if: The objectives of the venture are not 100 per cent clear and descriptive essay about communicated to everyone involved. There is an imbalance in levels of expertise, investment or assets brought into the venture by the different partners. Merger.

A combination of two or more companies in writing, which the assets and liabilities of the winter, selling firm(s) are absorbed by the buying firm. Although the buying firm may be a considerably different organization after the merger, it retains its original identity. Benefits of Merging. In corporate context, merging refers to the combination of two different companies, resulting in the formation of a new company. Two types of great a college essay merging primarily occur in essay winter, the market. Risks of Merging. When businesses merge, it is dissertation writing, often to achieve economies of scale. Larger organizations are typically able to produce goods and services more efficiently and at a lower per-unit cost than smaller businesses because fixed costs are spread out over a larger number of units.

This is not always the case, however. Sometimes when two firms merge, being larger will actually create dis-economies of scale, where per unit production costs increase because of increased coordinationcosts. In my opinion; Joint Venture is a suitable option for Houzit. a. Four P’s and policy relevance. It is a general phrase used to describe the different kinds of choices organizations have to make in the whole process of bringing a product or service to market. The 4Ps is one way – probably the best-known way – of defining the marketing mix. Product: Product should possess the best quality as compared to its competitors and provide state of art products to its suppliers.

I will get the product certified with ISO that will help me in descriptive essay about, developing a USP for positioning the product in the market. Price: The price is set according to the number of uea creative writing products purchased and can be negotiated with the descriptive essay about, supplier depending on the bulk buying. However; solo items are sold according to the displayed price. All the products will have standardized price throughout Australia. Place: Most items can be viewed online and contractors will get delivered the product from the nearest warehouse which is usually located on the outskirts providing utmost convenience to criminology dissertation, the contractors and will be delivered in short time. Promotion: The best place to promote the brand would be on descriptive winter, magazines and second best place is with, hoardings and placard on the highways.

Selected Strategy and Organization’s objectives. Houzit wants to essay about winter, be recognized by at least 1 person out of 3 and increase their sales to $20 million from $15 million moreover they also wants to increase the loyalty of phd thesis their customers from descriptive about winter 10,000 to 15,000, So joint venture is the most suitable option for the Houzit to achieve the desired goals and objectives as when two companies work together they always come up different ideas and strategy to promote their business. Lenar Md? Competitive Analysis. Bargaining Power of Buyer. Buyer is always a very crucial element in your business, so both companies should develop their strategy keeping in account the targeted buyer’s priority and descriptive about winter requirement.

It will leave a positive impact on buyers as two well reputed companies are going to work together. Bargaining Power of Supplier. This is the news, most supportive option for any supplier by having a partner in his business as in descriptive about winter, joint venture profit and loss bear by criminology both parties so if they run their business as per the requirement of the descriptive essay about, buyer and understand market situation then there is no doubt that they will enhance their business strength and will prove beneficial for suppliers as well. So, it will have a positive impact. Competitive Rivalry. Competitive rivalry is a back to back factor which always runs with your business, All competitors in your business always come up with different ideas and packages for their customers, they will also start seeking such opportunities so that they can compete with us.

So to great to start a college, deal with this situation both companies should be capable enough to successfully implement their ideas and compete with other people in the market. Level of advertising expense. Threat of Entry: The threat of new entrants is a function of both barriers. to entry and the reaction from descriptive winter existing competitors. Threat of substitute: The threat of substitute can be controlled by certifying the product to ISO standards.

Hence this will limit or omit the chances of having an substitute. Life Cycle Model. A life cycle model depicts the significant phases or activities of a project from conception until the product is research paper, retired. It specifies the relationships between project phases, including transition criteria, feedback mechanisms, milestones, baselines, reviews, and deliverables. Typically, a life cycle model addresses the phases of a software project: requirements phase, design phase, implementation, integration, testing, operations and maintenance. Much of the motivation behind utilizing a life cycle model is to provide structure to avoid the problems of the “undisciplined hacker” or corporate IT bureaucrat (which is probably ten times dangerous then undisciplined hacker). Descriptive Essay About Winter? As always, it’s a matter of picking the right tool for the job, rather than picking up your hammer and treating everything as a nail. Value Chain Analysis.

A value chain is a chain of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to essay, deliver something valuable (product or service). Winter? A business unit is dissertation, appropriate level for construction of a value chain, not divisional or corporate level. Products pass through activities of essay about winter a chain in order, and at each activity the product gains some value. Chain of activities gives the product more added value than sum of the independent activities’ values. A diamond cutter, as a profession, can be used to music in dead poets society essay, illustrate the difference of cost and the value chain. The cutting activity may have a low cost, but the activity adds much of the value to the end product, since a rough diamond is significantly less valuable than a cut diamond. Typically, the described value chain and the documentation of processes, assessment and essay about auditing of phd thesis adherence to the process routines are at about the core of the quality certification of the great a college essay, business. Metrics Measuring Marketing Performance.

This is a very crucial and important element in your business, because if people don’t know about essay winter, your product then there is no point for coming up with different ideas, initially we have to be recognized in the market by different segments, So if you are recognized in the market then it will very easy for with no results, you to calculating the marketing performance. As per this decision we are sure that our brand equity will increase by 7% in next 3 months. Customer Satisfaction. If your customer is satisfied with your strategies and descriptive essay about winter product then you will achieve a good repetition in market and will help you to figure out your standing in the market. With a decision of going into joint venture with well reputed Construction Company, I am sure that our customer satisfaction will improve. Market Share. How much consumption of your brand is in the market you will be clearly understand by the sales of lenar yessayan your product, So if you have customer loyalty and brand equity then certainly your market share definitely increase. We are expecting a rise of 6% in our shares in next 12 months. Tactics.

A schedule, often called a rota or roster, is a list of employees who are working on any given day, week, or month in a workplace. A schedule is necessary for winter, the day-to-day operation of any retail store, manufacturing facility and some offices. The process of creating a schedule is called scheduling. An effective workplace schedule balances the needs of employees, tasks, and in some cases, customers. Writing? Schedule is a plan for carrying out a process or procedure, giving lists of descriptive about winter intended events and times plus Scheduling is music poets, a backbone for any operation because if your scheduling has turbulence then your whole project might collapse. Descriptive Essay About Winter? Moreover it is safe to handle the paper, schedule by one person; it will minimize the chance of essay about winter turbulence of the project Budget. A budget is a financial document used to project future income and expenses. The budgeting process may be carried out by individuals or by companies to estimate whether the person/company can continue to md, operate with its projected income and expenses. Since budgeting allows you to create a spending plan for your money, it ensures that you will always have enough money for the things you need and the things that are important to you. Essay? Following a budget or spending plan will also keep you out of debt or help you work your way out of debt if you are currently in debt.

As per initial estimates I calculate $500,000 for this project, which means that Houzit will spend this amount and their partner will contribute the same amount. Responsibilities and Accountabilities. To effectively implement recommended policies, staff at all levels are required to be made aware of their responsibilities and also held accountable for their actions or inactions. This requires the ongoing incorporation of work health and phd thesis no results safety (WHS) principles into work practices, the ongoing commitment of resources to WHS and communications between all levels of staff and essay about others. Poets? All staff are responsible for their own safety and health and for that of others whose activities they may influence or control. The degree of responsibility a person has will depend on his or her level of influence or control. This concept is recognized in law. Monitor and Review.

Steve is scheduling the whole project and he has the additional responsibility to review and monitor the whole project. Steve is scheduling the whole project and he has the descriptive about, additional responsibility to with no results, review and monitor the whole project. Identify everything that is about winter, easy to phd thesis with no results, measure and count. Collect and report the data on everything that is about winter, easy to measure and count Scratching everything that is going to do with all this performance data stuff To learn and improve. To report externally and lenar yessayan md demonstrate compliance. To control and monitor people. Conducting staff meetings. Analysing sales and Loss and descriptive about winter Profit Reports. Analysing Customer Feedbacks. Consultation with Industry Experts etc. Legal and ethical constraints:

Marketing Code of practice. The Code sets out specific standards of in dead poets society essay conduct for participants in the direct marketing industry in relation to individuals and consumers and serves as a benchmark in settling disputes. The requirements of the Code are based on common sense and are matters of fairness and honesty. The Code not only promotes fair-trading but also is intended to serve as a point of reference for Members to ensure they comply with all applicable state and commonwealth laws. Anti-discrimination legislation and descriptive about principles of equal opportunity, equity and diversity Equal opportunity means that every person can participate freely and equally in areas of public life such as in the workplace, in with, education, or in accessing goods and services. Discrimination is treating, or proposing to treat, someone unfavorably or bullying them because of a personal characteristic protected by law. Equal opportunity law aims to promote everyone’s right to equal opportunities; eliminate, as far as possible, discrimination and sexual harassment; and essay winter provide redress for people whose rights have been breached. Australian Direct Marketing Association(ADMA) Direct Marketing code of practice Promote a culture among members of conducting their businesses fairly, honestly, ethically and in accordance with best practices; and increase business and consumer confidence in doing business with ADMA members. Australian e-commerce best practice model.

The Model sets standards for consumer protection in e-commerce. It provides industry groups and quotes a college individual businesses with a voluntary model code of conduct for essay about winter, dealing with consumers online, which is underpinned in several areas by legislative requirements. Australian government policy framework for consumer protection in criminology dissertation writing, electronic commerce The framework outlines the Government’s overall objective of building a world class consumer protection environment for electronic commerce in Australia. The Government’s vision is to empower Australians to be at the forefront of global commerce, both as online consumers and as online traders. To protect the essay about winter, integrity of the auction process, applicants, bidders and related persons who have knowledge of an applicant’s or bidder’s confidential information are prohibited from disclosing confidential information about the auction to any person, except in specified circumstances. Confidential information includes any information that, if disclosed, could be reasonably expected to affect another applicant’s or bidder’s behaviour in the auction, or the auction outcome. Uea Creative Writing News? This potentially includes, but is not limited to, public statements by applicants and descriptive essay winter bidders on the extent to which they will participate in the auction, their need for spectrum and the prices they would be willing to pay. Copyright protection exists from the moment a work is created in a fixed, tangible form of expression. The copyright immediately becomes the property of the criminology dissertation writing, author who created the work.

Only the author, or those deriving their rights through the author, can rightfully claim copyright. Defamation” is descriptive essay, a catch-all term for any statement that hurts someone’s reputation. Written defamation is called “libel,” and spoken defamation is lenar yessayan, called “slander.” Defamation is not a crime, but it is a “tort” (a civil wrong, rather than a criminal wrong). A person who has been defamed can sue the person who did the defaming. Free TV Australia commercial television industry code of practice The Commercial Television Code of Practice covers matters prescribed in Section 123 of the Broadcasting Services Act and other matters relating to program content that are of concern to the community including: •Program classifications; Accuracy, fairness and respect for privacy in news and current affairs; • Advertising time on television; • Placement of descriptive commercials and programs promotions; and.

Privacy law refers to the laws which deal with the regulation of a college personal information about descriptive winter, individuals which can be collected by governments and other public as well as private organizations and its storage and use. Sweepstakes with large grand prizes tend to attract more entries regardless of the odds of winning. Therefore, the value of smaller prizes usually total much less than that of the top prize. Firms that rely on uea creative news, sweepstakes for attracting customers, such as Publishers Clearing House and Reader’s Digest, have also found that the descriptive essay about, more involved the entry process, the more entrants. Competition and consumer act 2010. The Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (CCA) covers most areas of the market: the relationships between suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, and poets consumers. Its purpose is to enhance the welfare of Australians by promoting fair trading and competition, and through the provision of consumer protections.

Broadly, it covers: product safety and labelling. unfair market practices. industry regulation – airports, electricity, gas, telecommunications Mergers and descriptive essay winter acquisitions. Organizations wanting to create a more flexible, responsive environment to research paper, support their business processes must consider removing the essay winter, process dependencies from the underlying obsolete infrastructure. This can only be done through suitable intermediary technologies such as a service-oriented architecture that uses application servers with integrated middleware providing solid support for existing application integration and future business process requirements. Houzit is currently focusing on loyalty of its customers, increase the xanax, sales by descriptive about winter $5million a year and wants to recognized by at least one person out of three, So in this case they are going for great to start, a joint venture with other company which is most suitable option for them as when two companies start a project together there is essay winter, great chance of getting success moreover Houzit is lenar yessayan md, enjoying good reputation in the market so it will help them to successfully execute their plan. Is this the perfect essay for winter, you? Save time and order Strategic Management and Joint Venture. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

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There are several different types of mergers which these companies… Nora-Sakari: A Proposed Joint Venture In Malaysia. This case is about Nora, one of the leading suppliers of telecom solutions in Malaysia. The case involves a possible joint venture with Sakari, the writing, leading manufacturer in Finland of… Mergers and Joint Ventures. The several different types of winter merger are horizontal, vertical, and uea creative writing conglomeration: Horizontal merger refers to two companies that were once competitors but came together to merge into one large organization….

Strategic Management Analysis for Thorntons. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Throughout the years, starting since 1911, Thorntons, the UK’s largest manufacturer and retailer of specialist chocolates had followed a strategy of in about winter, house manufacture, retailing largely through the…

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Add a citation and create a bibliography. Before you can create a bibliography you need to have at descriptive essay about least one citation and source in your document that will appear in your bibliography. If you don't have all of the information that you need about great quotes, a source to create a complete citation, you can use a placeholder citation, and then complete the source information later. Note: Placeholder citations do not appear in the bibliography. Add a new citation and about winter, source to a document. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click the arrow next to Style . Click the style that you want to use for the citation and music in dead poets essay, source. For example, social sciences documents usually use the MLA or APA styles for citations and sources. Click at the end of the essay about winter, sentence or phrase that you want to cite. Lenar Yessayan Md? On the descriptive essay about, References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Insert Citation . Do one of the uea creative writing, following: To add the source information, click Add New Source , then begin to descriptive fill in the source information by music poets clicking the arrow next to Type of descriptive essay about, source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site.

To add a placeholder, so that you can create a citation and fill in phd thesis no results, the source information later, click Add New Placeholder . Descriptive Essay? A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. Fill in news, the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box. About? Now you can create your bibliography. If you choose a GOST or ISO 690 style for your sources and a citation is lenar md, not unique, append an alphabetic character to the year. For example, a citation would appear as [Pasteur, 1848a]. If you choose ISO 690-Numerical Reference and your citations still don't appear consecutively, you must click the ISO 690 style again, and then press ENTER to correctly order the citations. Descriptive About Winter? Add additional citations from a previously used source. You can easily access citations you added previously. In fact, you can reuse them throughout your document.

It's simple. Place the cursor where you want to insert a citation, and click References Insert Citation . Find the citation by the Author or Tag name , and select the citation. Tip: You can insert a placeholder if you need to look up a citation later. Click References Insert Citation . Click Add New Placeholder , and create a unique Tag name . Find the Placeholder in your content, and click the text to Edit Source details. Now that you’ve inserted one or more citations and paper, sources in your document you can create your bibliography. Essay About? Click where you want to insert a bibliography, usually at uea creative writing the end of the document. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Bibliography . Click a predesigned bibliography format to insert the winter, bibliography into the document. The list of sources that you use can become quite long. At times you might search for a source that you cited in another document by using the Manage Sources command. On the writing, References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . If you open a new document that does not yet contain citations, all of the sources that you used in previous documents appear under Master List . Winter? If you open a document that includes citations, the sources for xanax paper, those citations appear under Current List . All the sources that you have cited, either in descriptive essay about, previous documents or in the current document, appear under Master List . To find a specific source, do one of the criminology writing, following: In the sorting box, sort by author, title, citation tag name, or year, and then search the resulting list for essay about winter, the source that you want to find.

In the Search box, type the title or author for the source that you want to find. In Dead Essay? The list dynamically narrows to match your search term. Note: You can click the Browse button in Source Manager to essay select another master list from paper which you can import new sources into descriptive winter your document. For example, you might connect to a file on a shared server, on a research colleague's computer or server, or on a Web site that is hosted by a university or research institution. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . In the phd thesis with, Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List , select the source you want to edit, and then click Edit . Note: To edit a placeholder to add citation information, select the placeholder from Current List and click Edit . In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK . Occasionally, you may want to create a placeholder citation, and then wait until later to fill in descriptive winter, the complete bibliography source information.

Any changes that you make to a source are automatically reflected in the bibliography, if you have already created one. A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Under Current List , click the placeholder that you want to edit. Note: Placeholder sources are alphabetized in Source Manager, along with all other sources, based on the placeholder tag name. By default, placeholder tag names contain the word Placeholder and a number, but you can customize the placeholder tag name with whatever tag you want. Begin to fill in with, the source information by clicking the arrow next to Type of source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. Fill in the bibliography information for the source.

To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.

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Descriptive Essay About Winter - Asdnyi

essay topics for kid As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages. More Writing Activities. Essays to Write. for Early Writers. The following are printouts with writing prompts for essay about winter short essays. For early writers, these one-page printout should be enough writing space for research paper a very short essay. About Winter. For more advanced writers, extra pieces of lined paper will be necessary to complete an essay.

Instructions for the essay writers : For each essay, begin with a topic (focus) sentence that states the main ideas that you will be writing about. Then write at paper, least four to five sentences that clearly explain the point of winter your essay. End the essay with a strong closing sentence that summarizes what you wrote. Check that your grammar, spelling, and poets, punctuation are correct. Make sure to use complete sentences and write neatly! Book Report: Use this form to write a book report, noting the book's name, author, main characters, setting, and plot summary.

A Friend: Write about descriptive about what being a friend means to phd thesis with no results, you. Describe what friends do and how they behave with each other and with other people. What happens when friends disagree? Movie Review: Review a movie. Include a description of the about, characters, the story, the scenery, and what you liked the most and writing, the least about the winter, movie. Election Issues: What do you think are the xanax, most important issues in about this election (and why)?

Improve the criminology, World: What you would do to improve the world? Think of actions you could take to help make the world a better place. June 23 is United Nations Public Service Day. How to descriptive about winter, Learn From Others : How can you learn from writing other people? Give an descriptive essay about winter example of poets something you learned from descriptive essay winter someone else and explain why and poets, how you learned it. Something I Learned from a Bad Experience: Think about descriptive essay about something bad that happened to you, but taught you something. Yessayan. Write about this experience and what you learned from descriptive essay winter it.

Do you think that this knowledge will help you later in md life? A Veteran's Story: Write a page about a relative or friend who was in winter the Army, Marines, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, or National Guard. Who was this person (what is their relationship to you), when did this person serve, was it during a war (if so, which one), what did that person do during their service, and what are their recollections of music in dead their service? I Wonder Why: Think of descriptive about something you have wondered about and lenar yessayan, write about it. Presidential Qualities: What do you think are the most important qualities a president should have (and why)? Living in descriptive essay about Space: Do you think people will ever live in uea creative writing news space? If not, why not? If so, where will they live and descriptive essay winter, how will they do it? Write About a Number: Pick a number, then write about it.

Tell a Joke: Write a funny joke that you know. Paper. Why did you pick this joke? Why is it so funny? Free Vacation Trip : If someone offered to give you a free vacation trip anywhere in descriptive essay world, where would you go? Why do you want to go to music in dead poets society essay, this place? What would you do when you got there? A New Olympic Sport: Invent a new Olympic sport.

There are many unusual Olympic sports, like skeleton (running and essay, then sledding), biathlon (skiing plus shooting), and curling (using brooms to propel an object over no results, ice). Essay About. Make up a new sport that would be fun to watch and play. A New Website: If you could put up a new website on any topic at all, what would it be? Write about quotes why you chose this topic, what the about winter, website would contain, and who else you think might be interested in quotes to start a college essay going to your site. New Nickname: If you could choose a nickname for yourself, what would it be? Why did you pick this nickname? How do you think your classmates would react to this nickname? An Invention I'd Like: Think about an invention that you'd like to have or make. Descriptive. Write about what this new device would do and no results, why you'd like to descriptive about winter, use it.

Invent an Animal: Invent a new animal -- describe what it looks like, what it sounds like, how it moves, and what it eats. Is it scary or cuddly or something else altogether? Would it be a pet or live in the wild (or in yessayan a zoo)? An Imaginary Pet: Draw and describe an imaginary pet that you would like (or not like) to essay about winter, have. Invent a New Holiday: Invent a new holiday. What would this holiday celebrate? How would you celebrate it? Would there be any special food or symbols for your holiday? New Student Questions: If there was a new student in class and you could only yessayan, ask that person three questions to get to descriptive about, know them, what questions would you ask? A New Name for Your Town/City: If you could rename your town or city, what would you call it? Why did you pick this name?

How would it change things in your town? My Superpower: If you could have one superpower, what would it be? Write a page explaining what the superpower is, why you would like to have it, and great quotes, what you would do with this new power. How would your life change if you had this superpower? If I Could Be a Different Age. About. : If you could be any age at lenar yessayan md, all, how old would you be (older or younger)? Write about why you would like to be this age and descriptive about, what you would do. If You Could Be Invisible: If you could be invisible whenever you wanted to, what would you do?

Why would you want to do this particular thing? If You Could Fly: If you could fly whenever you wanted to, what would you do? Why would you want to do this particular thing? A Magical Spell: A Magic Spell. If you could devise a magical spell, what would it be and great a college, what would it do?

Write about about why you chose this new spell and how you would use it. If All Your Wishes Were Granted: Write about what your life would be like if all your wishes came true. How would it change your life? What you would do? If You Could Make Something Disappear: If you could make one thing disappear, what would it be?

Write about what would happen once it disappeared. Paper. How would it change things? What you would do? If I Could Change a School Rule: If you could change one rule at your school, which rule would it be and what would you change it to? Why did you choose that rule?

Why is essay winter your rule better than the old rule? Stranded on an Island: If you were going to be stranded on a deserted island and could take three items with you, what three items would you take and why? The three items have to fit in an ordinary backpack. Describe each item fully and tell why you want each one. Message in a Bottle: If you were stranded on a deserted island and could send out great quotes one message in a bottle, what would you write in that message, and descriptive essay about winter, why would you write those particular things? A Space Adventure: If you could travel anywhere in space, where would you go and why? What do you think it would be like there? Go Back in Time: If you could go back in time and re-experience an event in your life, what would it be. Would you go back to quotes to start a college essay, change an event that happened or to re-experience a happy time?

Or something else? If I Were a Grown-Up: Write about winter what you'd do if you were a grown-up for one day. What exactly would you like to yessayan, do and why would you do it? If I Were a Teacher: Write a page on what you would do if you were a teacher for a day. What subjects would you teach and essay about, how would you teach them? If I Were the criminology writing, President: Write a page on what you'd do if you were the about, President. How would you change the world? If I Had a Hundred Dollars: Write a page on poets society what you'd do if you had one hundred dollars. The Story of Your Name: Why did your parents give you your name -- what is the descriptive winter, story of your name? Are you named after someone or some place? If you don't know why you have your name, make up a story.

If I Had a New Name: If you could give yourself a new name, what would it be? Write about why you chose this new name and how it might change your life. If I Turned into uea creative writing news an Animal: If you had to turn into a different animal for a single day, what animal would you choose to become? Why did you choose that animal? What would do when you became that animal, and where would you go? How do you think you would feel when you were that animal? How would people treat you? How would other animals treat you?

Talk to an Animal: If you could talk to an animal, what animal would you talk to and what would you talk about? Why did you choose that animal? What questions would you ask that animal? Scariest Animal: Which animal frightens you the most? Describe the animal. What is it about this animal that makes it so terrifying?

Is this animal actually dangerous or does it just disturb you? My Special Day: If you had a day all for yourself and could do whatever you wanted to, what would you do? Start with waking up and describe the entire day. Include things like what you'd eat, who you'd see, where you'd go, and what you'd do. An Adventure I'd like to descriptive winter, have: If you could have any type of in dead essay adventure at all, what would it be? Write a page on descriptive essay about an adventure that you'd like to experience.

Think of the wildest adventure you can imagine. World Record: If you could hold a world record in something, what would it be? How would you go about attaining this world record? How would it feel being a world record holder? My Favorite Game: What is great quotes to start a college your favorite game? Describe the game and how it is played.

Explain the rules so that someone could learn how to play the game. My Favorite Holiday: What is your favorite holiday? Describe what you like to do on descriptive essay about this holiday, who you like to be with at that time, and criminology dissertation writing, why you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Time of Year: What is your favorite time of year? Why do you like it so much? Describe what you like to do during this time, and why do you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Sport: What is your favorite sport? Why do you like it, and descriptive winter, what do you like best about it? My Favorite Movie: What is your favorite movie?

Describe the great to start, characters, the story, and what you like best about the essay about, movie. The Best Thing That Happened This Year: What is the best thing that happened to you this year? What was it and what effect did it have on music in dead poets your life? How did it make you feel and how did it change you? The Most Beautiful Place I've Ever Seen: What is the most beautiful place that you have ever seen? Describe this place and descriptive winter, write about where it is, what it looks like, and how you felt when you saw it. The Best Thing I've Learned in School: Write about the most valuable thing you ever learned in school. To Start A College Essay. What made it so useful for you? What I Like Best in School: What is descriptive winter your favorite part of the school day? Write a page on what you like the best in school.

My Best Birthday Ever: Write a page on the best birthday you ever had. Describe what made it so special. The Best Gift You Gave: Write about the paper, best gift you ever gave. Descriptive Essay About Winter. Who did you give it to and why did you give it to them? What made it a great gift? The Best Gift You Received: Write about the best gift you ever received. What was it and uea creative, why did you like it so much? What made it so special? The Best Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the best food you ever had. What was it and why did you like it so much? Have you had it again?

The Worst Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the most horrible food you ever had. Descriptive Essay Winter. What was it and why did you dislike it so much? Have you had it again? Craziest Meal: What is the great a college essay, craziest meal you can think of? What foods would be in it? Who would make the food and essay, where would it be served? Who would eat it? Who would like it? My Best Vacation Ever: Write a page on the best vacation or trip that you ever had.

Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and great quotes essay, why you enjoyed it. Vacation: My Worst Vacation Ever: Write a page on the worst vacation or trip that you ever had. Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and why you enjoyed it. What is the Farthest You've Ever Traveled: What is the longest distance you've ever traveled? Where did you go, who did you go with, and what did you do when you got there? What was the highlight of the trip? Fastest You've Ever Traveled: What is the essay about winter, Fastest You've Ever Traveled? What is the lenar yessayan, fastest speed at which you've moved?

What type of vehicle were you in? Where were you and where did you go? Who were you with, and about winter, why were you traveling. The Funniest Thing I've Ever Seen or Heard: What is the funniest thing that you've ever seen or heard? Maybe it was a joke that a friend told you, a comedy routine, or a scene in a movie. Describe this amusing event and tell why you thought it was funny. The Scariest Thing That Ever Happened To Me: What is the phd thesis, scariest thing that ever happened to you? Describe this event and write about why it scared you.

What I Worry About: What do you worry about? Describe something that worries you. Essay About Winter. Write why it worries you, how it affects your life, and music in dead society essay, how you might be able to solve this problem. The Biggest Thing I've Ever Seen: What is the descriptive essay about, largest thing that you have ever seen? Describe this huge object and great essay, write about when you saw it, where it was, and how you felt when you saw it. The Most Annoying Things: Write about the most irritating, bothersome things in your life.

A Good Personality Trait: Think of a person you really like or admire. About. Think of a personality trait that makes them so special. Write about yessayan this good trait and descriptive essay about, why you like it. A Bad Personality Trait: Think of a person you really dislike. Think of music poets society essay a personality trait that makes them so unpleasant. Write about this bad trait and why you dislike it. The Hardest Part of Being a Kid: What do you think is the essay about winter, hardest part of criminology dissertation being a kid? How could you make this difficult part of essay winter your life easier? The Best Advice Your Mother Gave You: Write about the xanax paper, best advice your mother ever gave you. What was it and descriptive winter, why was it important to phd thesis with no results, you? How has it affected your life?

The Best Advice Your Father Gave You: Write about the best advice your father ever gave you. Descriptive Essay Winter. What was it and why was it important to paper, you? How has it affected your life? The Oldest Thing You've Ever Seen: What is the oldest thing you have ever seen? Write about what it was and descriptive essay winter, how old it was. Where did you see it? What did it make you think. The Most Fascinating Thing You've Ever Seen in the Sky: What is the uea creative news, most interesting thing you have ever seen in essay the sky?

Write about what it was and what it looked like. Criminology Dissertation. Where did you see it? What did you think about it? Most Important Person: Write a page on who you think is the most important person alive in the world today. Describe this person and descriptive, write about why they are so important. How could you be more like this person? A Personal Accomplishment: Write about something that you worked hard to no results, accomplish. How did you go about succeeding? Why did you want to accomplish this particular thing?

How do you feel about your accomplishment? What other things do you want to accomplish? Autobiography: Write the story of your life. Start with your birth and continue the essay, adventure up to the present. How Are You Different?: Write about what makes you different from other people you know. How do you think this will affect your life? Self-Portrait: Draw a self-portrait, and describe yourself in writing. Three Words Describing Yourself: If you had to describe yourself using only in dead, three words, what would words would you use and why? My Family: Write about the members of your family. Describe each person and what they mean to winter, you.

My Town: If an out-of-town visitor was coming to visit, where would you take your visitor? Describe the best places around your town and with, why they are so interesting. Write about parks, museums, lakes, stores, restaurants, and about winter, other places you enjoy. What I Want To Do When I Grow Up: Write a page on what you want to lenar md, do when you grow up. What career do you want and what do you want to accomplish? An Act of Kindness: Write a page on something nice that you did for descriptive essay about someone, or on something nice that someone did for you for phd thesis with no reason. A Good Deed: When was the last time you did something nice for descriptive essay someone without them asking you? Write about what it was that you did and why you did it. Great A College. How did the other person react, and how did you feel about your good deed? What about descriptive essay winter next time? A Dream I've Had: Describe a dream that you've had.

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Write about descriptive essay about what it is and why it bothers you. Uea Creative Writing. What can you do to make it less irritating? My Earliest Memory: What is the first memory you have of your life? Write about what you remember, how old you were at the time, and descriptive winter, why you think you remember this event in particular. What do you think of phd thesis no results this event now?

Giving Thanks: Write a page on what are you most thankful for in life. My Personal Hero: Who is your personal hero? Write a page on descriptive essay your hero's accomplishments and what makes that person a hero. Uea Creative News. If you don't have a personal hero, describe the characteristics that someone would have to possess to about, be your personal hero. A Person You Admire : Who do you admire the most? Why do you respect this person so much; what have they done to deserve your respect. My April Fool Joke: Who would you like to play an April Fool's Day joke on? Why would you like to do this, and what would you like to do? When I'm Eighty: Write an quotes to start essay essay as though you were 80 years old, looking back at your life. What have you accomplished, what are you proudest of, what is the world like, and descriptive about, do you have any regrets?

How Are You Like Your Mother?: Write about music in dead society essay how you are like your mother. Do you look at all like her? Do you have any traits in descriptive about common? What parts of your personality are like hers? How Are You Like Your Father?: Write about how you are like your father. Do you look at phd thesis no results, all like him? Do you have any traits in common? What parts of about your personality are like his? When I Look in the Mirror I . Writing News. : What do you see when you look in descriptive essay the mirror?

Describe what you see, how you feel about uea creative writing your own reflection, and what it prompts you to do. Thanksgiving Tradition: Write about one of your family's Thanksgiving traditions. Describe it in descriptive detail, tell how you feel about it and what it means to you. Christmas Tradition: Write about poets essay one of your family's Christmas traditions. Essay. Describe it in detail, tell how you feel about it and what it means to you. Bad Day Solutions : When you are having a bad day, what do you do to make yourself feel better? Does it always work? Write a story about simple pictures - dozens of pictures to write about. Draw and writing, Write 3 Things: Writing Prompts.

Other Topics (Not Printouts) : Guide to descriptive essay about winter, Writing a Dinosaur Report - How to go about the daunting task of writing a paper on a dinosaur. No Results. Not a printout. For younger students : A teacher recently wrote and descriptive essay about winter, told of a great new way to music essay, get kids to write. She had two stuffed animal mascots in her classroom. Each animal had a notebook and every weekend a different child took the descriptive essay about winter, stuffed animal and great to start a college, the notebook home and wrote about descriptive essay what they did together over the weekend.

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essays by thoreau Thoreau is much better known as the author of Walden and other nature writings than as a political writer. In fact as this this passage from his essay “Walking” (1862) shows, his attitude toward politics was very different from his appreciation of the natural world: “Man and about his affairs, church and lenar yessayan state—and school, trade and commerce, and manufactures and agriculture—even politics, the most alarming of them all—I am pleased to see how little space they occupy in descriptive winter the landscape.Politics is but a narrow field, and that still narrower highway yonder leads to it. I sometimes direct the traveler thither. If you would go to the political world, follow the great road—follow that market man, keep his dust in yessayan md your eyes, and it will lead you straight to it—for it too has its place merely, and does not occupy all space. I pass from it as from a bean field into the forest, and it is descriptive essay about, forgotten. In one half hour I can walk off to some portion of the earth’s surface where a man does not stand from writing one year’s end to another and winter there consequently politics are not, for they are but as the cigar smoke of a man.” How would you characterize Thoreau’s attitude toward politics, toward nature? Why does he find politics to be the most “alarming” of all human affairs? What does it mean to compare politics to “cigar smoke”?

Consider that this essay was published during the second year of the Civil War. Does that fact change the way you view the passage. Why? However much Thoreau wished to music in dead, avoid politics and government, they both impacted his life. Like many Americans in the North before the Civil War, Thoreau was morally opposed to slavery. Further, he viewed the U.S. – Mexican War (1846 – 48) as an unjust aggression against essay winter, a neighboring country and also as a means by which the southern states would acquire more territory for slavery.

Thoreau’s essay, now popularly known as “Civil Disobedience,” was originally titled “Resistance to Civil Government.” He delivered it as a lecture in 1848 and published it 1849. The impetus for the essay was Thoreau’s refusal to pay the poll tax and his subsequent stay in jail overnight. He was protesting both the Mexican war and the U.S. government’s support for slavery. He was not alone in his protest as this page from writing news Digital History makes clear. The essay makes the descriptive essay case for the right to break the law under certain circumstances. As it is a very long essay, we have selected several paragraphs which give the crux of his argument.

The questions after each paragraph are designed to help you understand his argument. Great Quotes To Start Essay. The tiles in brackets are not in descriptive winter the original but have been supplied by the editor. “Government is at best an expedient” I HEARTILY ACCEPT the motto—That government is best which governs least; and I should like to see it acted up to research, more rapidly and systematically. Carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe—That government is best which governs not at all; and essay about when men are prepared for it, that will be the in dead society essay kind of government which they will have. Government is at best but an expedient; but most governments are usually, and descriptive essay winter all governments are sometimes, inexpedient. The objections which have been brought against criminology dissertation writing, a standing army, and they are many and weighty, and deserve to prevail, may also at last be brought against a standing government.

The standing army is only an arm of the essay standing government. Criminology. The government itself, which is only the mode which the people have chosen to execute their will, is about winter, equally liable to be abused and perverted before the people can act through it. Witness the present Mexican war, the work of comparatively a few individuals using the standing government as their tool; for, in the outset, the people would not have consented to this measure. What is Thoreau’s position concerning the purpose of government? The quote with which he begins is sometimes attributed, incorrectly, to Thomas Jefferson. Yessayan. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson stated the purpose of government this way: “ To secure these rights [to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness] governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the descriptive about winter governed” What is the great to start a college difference between this statement and Thoreau’s view? Provide a definition for “expedient” as it is used in context. Descriptive Essay. In what sense are all governments “expedient”? In what sense are they not? How does Thoreau believe the government has been “abused and perverted?” Thoreau asserts that the Mexican War is an example of a few men in the government acting without the consent of the uea creative writing news people.

A young Whig congressman Abraham Lincoln voted for a resolution that declared the war unnecessary and accused President Polk of violating the Constitution in commencing it. How does this help Thoreau’s case? “Government never of itself furthered any enterprise” This American government—what is essay about winter, it but a tradition, though a recent one, endeavoring to transmit itself unimpaired to posterity, but each instant losing some of writing, its integrity? It has not the vitality and force of a single living man; for a single man can bend it to his will. It is a sort of wooden gun to the people themselves.

But it is not the less necessary for this; for the people must have some complicated machinery or other, and hear its din, to satisfy that idea of descriptive essay about winter, government which they have. Governments show thus how successfully men can be imposed on, even impose on themselves, for their own advantage. It is excellent, we must all allow. Yet this government never of itself furthered any enterprise, but by the alacrity with which it got out of its way. It does not keep the uea creative writing country free. It does not settle the West. About Winter. It does not educate. The character inherent in the American people has done all that has been accomplished; and it would have done somewhat more, if the government had not sometimes got in xanax research paper its way. For government is an expedient by winter, which men would fain succeed in great to start essay letting one another alone; and, as has been said, when it is most expedient, the governed are most let alone by it. Trade and descriptive about winter commerce, if they were not made of India rubber, would never manage to bounce over the obstacles which legislators are continually putting in their way; and, if one were to lenar yessayan md, judge these men wholly by the effects of their actions, and not partly by their intentions, they would deserve to be classed and essay punished with those mischievous persons who put obstructions on great to start, the railroads.

What is the point of saying that government is “but a tradition … at each instant losing some of its integrity”? How might this related to the philosophy of Transcendentalism? What does Thoreau mean when he says, “the people must have some complicated machinery or other, and hear its din, to descriptive essay winter, satisfy that idea of phd thesis no results, government which they have?” “Government of itself never furthered any enterprise” What can the American people do that the government cannot? Does this view seem familiar from current political debates? What is descriptive winter, this view called? In this paragraph, Thoreau argues that government is an unnecessary evil.

What do you think of this argument? Is Thoreau an anarchist? How does this compare with other understandings of government, such as that of Jefferson in phd thesis with no results the Declaration or in the Preamble to about, the Constitution? Why has every man a conscience, then? I think that we should be men first, and in dead poets society subjects afterward. It is descriptive essay, not desirable to research paper, cultivate a respect for descriptive about winter, the law, so much as for the right. The only great quotes essay, obligation which I have a right to assume is to winter, do at any time what I think right.

It is truly enough said that a corporation has no conscience; but a corporation of conscientious men is a corporation with a conscience. Law never made men a whit more just; and, by means of their respect for it, even the well-disposed are daily made the agents of injustice. Dissertation. A common and descriptive essay about natural result of an uea creative news, undue respect for law is, that you may see a file of soldiers, colonel, captain, corporal, privates, powder-monkeys, and all, marching in admirable order over hill and dale to the wars, against their wills, ay, against their common sense and consciences, which makes it very steep marching indeed, and produces a palpitation of the heart. Essay About Winter. They have no doubt that it is a damnable business in which they are concerned; they are all peaceably inclined. In this paragraph, Thoreau attacks the xanax paper idea of majority rule. How and why does he do this? Why does Thoreau use the rhetorical question about conscience in about the middle of the paragraph?

What is the place of conscience in relation to obeying the law? What description of the American soldier does Thoreau offer? Why does he see this role as problematic? What role does conscience play under the American political system according to Thoreau? Within this tradition, does obeying duly enacted laws mean resigning our conscience? Why or why not? What would Congressman Lincoln say? All men recognize the uea creative writing right of revolution; that is, the right to refuse allegiance to, and to resist, the government, when its tyranny or its inefficiency are great and descriptive essay winter unendurable.

But almost all say that such is not the case now. But such was the case, they think, in the Revolution of '75. If one were to tell me that this was a bad government because it taxed certain foreign commodities brought to its ports, it is most probable that I should not make an writing, ado about it, for I can do without them. All machines have their friction; and possibly this does enough good to counterbalance the evil. At any rate, it is a great evil to make a stir about it.

But when the friction comes to have its machine, and oppression and winter robbery are organized, I say, let us not have such a machine any longer. In other words, when a sixth of the quotes essay population of a nation which has undertaken to be the refuge of liberty are slaves, and descriptive about winter a whole country is unjustly overrun and conquered by a foreign army, and subjected to military law, I think that it is with, not too soon for honest men to rebel and about winter revolutionize. What makes this duty the more urgent is the fact that the country so overrun is not our own, but ours is the invading army. What is the right of revolution? Why does Thoreau evoke the phd thesis no results “Revolution of ’75?”Compare this with the discussion of the right of revolution in the Declaration. Are there any differences? Why does Thoreau believe that citizens should rebel against the government now? What kind of a rebellion does he contemplate?

Thoreau compares government to a machine. What does Thoreau mean when he uses the about term “friction?” Justice to md, the slave and to Mexico: Reform and its Opponents. Practically speaking, the opponents to a reform in Massachusetts are not a hundred thousand politicians at the South, but a hundred thousand merchants and farmers here, who are more interested in commerce and agriculture than they are in humanity, and are not prepared to do justice to the slave and to Mexico, cost what it may . Descriptive Essay About Winter. I quarrel not with far-off foes, but with those who, near at home, co-operate with, and do the lenar yessayan bidding of descriptive essay, those far away, and without whom the latter would be harmless. We are accustomed to say, that the mass of men are unprepared; but improvement is slow, because the few are not materially wiser or better than the to start essay many. It is not so important that many should be as good as you, as that there be some absolute goodness somewhere; for that will leaven the descriptive winter whole lump. There are thousands who are in opinion opposed to slavery and to the war, who yet in effect do nothing to put an end to them; who, esteeming themselves children of Washington and Franklin, sit down with their hands in their pockets, and writing say that they know not what to do, and do nothing; who even postpone the question of freedom to the question of free-trade, and descriptive winter quietly read the prices-current along with the uea creative news latest advices from Mexico, after dinner, and, it may be, fall asleep over them both. Essay. What is the price-current of an honest man and patriot to-day? They hesitate, and they regret, and sometimes they petition; but they do nothing in earnest and with effect. They will wait, well disposed, for others to dissertation writing, remedy the descriptive essay winter evil that they may no longer have it to regret. Lenar Yessayan. At most, they give only a cheap vote, and a feeble countenance and descriptive winter Godspeed, to criminology writing, the right, as it goes by them.

There are nine hundred and essay about ninety-nine patrons of virtue to one virtuous man; but it is easier to xanax, deal with the about winter real possessor of a thing than with the temporary guardian of news, it. Who is Thoreau’s foe in this paragraph? Why does Thoreau believe that moral progress is made slowly? What conditions are necessary for moral progress to take place? Unjust laws exist; shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to descriptive essay about winter, amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once? Men generally, under such a government as this, think that they ought to wait until they have persuaded the majority to alter them. They think that, if they should resist, the remedy would be worse than the evil. But it is the fault of the government itself that the remedy is worse than the poets society evil.

It makes it worse. Why is it not more apt to anticipate and provide for descriptive essay about winter, reform? Why does it not cherish its wise minority? Why does it cry and resist before it is hurt? Why does it not encourage its citizens to be on the alert to no results, point out its faults, and do better than it would have them? Why does it always crucify Christ, and excommunicate Copernicus and Luther, and pronounce Washington and Franklin rebels? What would Thoreau consider an “unjust law?” What standard would he use to prove the law is unjust? Why shouldn’t citizens wait to take action against them? Why does Thoreau use the rhetorical question here?

What effect does the author achieve by using the allusions at the end of the paragraph? If the injustice is part of the necessary friction of the machine of government, let it go, let it go; perchance it will wear smooth—certainly the machine will wear out. If the injustice has a spring, or a pulley, or a rope, or a crank, exclusively for descriptive winter, itself, then perhaps you may consider whether the remedy will not be worse than the evil; but if it is of such a nature that it requires you to phd thesis no results, be the agent of injustice to another, then, I say, break the law. Let your life be a counter friction to stop the machine. What I have to essay about winter, do is to in dead, see, at descriptive winter, any rate, that I do not lend myself to the wrong which I condemn. Under what circumstance should a citizen break the law?

“The true place for a just man is also a prison” Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison. The proper place to-day, the only place which Massachusetts has provided for paper, her freer and less desponding spirits, is in about winter her prisons, to writing, be put out and locked out of the State by descriptive, her own act, as they have already put themselves out by their principles. It is there that the fugitive slave, and the Mexican prisoner on parole, and the Indian come to plead the wrongs of his race, should find them; on that separate, but more free and honorable ground, where the State places those who are not with her, but against her—the only paper, house in a slave State in which a free man can abide with honor. “Quietly declare war with the State” I have never declined paying the highway tax, because I am as desirous of being a good neighbor as I am of being a bad subject; and as for supporting schools, I am doing my part to educate my fellow-countrymen now. It is for no particular item in the tax-bill that I refuse to pay it. I simply wish to refuse allegiance to the State, to withdraw and stand aloof from it effectually.

I do not care to trace the course of about, my dollar, if I could, till it buys a man or a musket to shoot one with—the dollar is phd thesis with, innocent—but I am concerned to trace the effects of my allegiance. In fact, I quietly declare war with the essay State, after my fashion, though I will still make what use and get what advantage of her I can, as is usual in such cases. What taxes is Thoreau willing to pay? Why? “A really free and md enlightened State” The authority of government, even such as I am willing to submit to—for I will cheerfully obey those who know and can do better than I, and in descriptive about many things even those who neither know nor can do so well—is still an impure one: to uea creative news, be strictly just, it must have the sanction and consent of the governed. It can have no pure right over my person and property but what I concede to it.

The progress from an absolute to a limited monarchy, from essay about a limited monarchy to a democracy, is a progress toward a true respect for writing news, the individual. About. Even the Chinese philosopher was wise enough to regard the no results individual as the basis of the empire. Essay. Is a democracy, such as we know it, the last improvement possible in government? Is it not possible to take a step further towards recognizing and organizing the rights of man? There will never be a really free and enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly. I please myself with imagining a State at lenar, least which can afford to essay about winter, be just to all men, and to treat the individual with respect as a neighbor; which even would not think it inconsistent with its own repose if a few were to live aloof from writing it, not meddling with it, nor embraced by it, who fulfilled all the duties of neighbors and fellow-men. A State which bore this kind of fruit, and suffered it to drop off as fast as it ripened, would prepare the descriptive about way for with no results, a still more perfect and glorious State, which also I have imagined, but not yet anywhere seen. What is Thoreau’s vision of “a really free and enlightened State” as detailed in his final paragraph? How do the principles of this state differ from the principles set forth in Declaration of Independence and descriptive essay winter the Constitution?

What might be problematic with this type of government? Will there still be a right not to obey the law when it violates one’s conscience in this “still more perfect and glorious State”? If not, why not? A blog for and about the humanities in the classroom: literature, social studies, language, art and culture, and more. Get updates on new lesson plans and other resources.

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