Write my Paper for Cheap in High Quality -
Essay the princess bride
Book Report on the Blind Side Essay. Essay On The? The Blind Side directed by John Lee Hancock was a visual text about a teenage boy named Michael. Life Council? Based on a true story Michael, nicknamed Big Mike has grown up in a poor and broken family and goes to a public school where no one really cares about him. Growing up this way has left Big Mike emotionally deprived and lonely. Thanks to his Friend’s dad Michael gets the opportunity to go to a private school on a scholarship. Essay On The Princess? Suddenly he has teachers that care about him and while his life seems to university of manchester essay be slowly improving, Big Mike still uses other people’s washing machines in on the the Laundromat, does not sleep at home and stays at the gym at school because it was warm. The biggest turning point in this movie was when Leigh Anne Touhy sees Big Mike on the side of the road and lets Big Mike have a place to stay. Leigh is a woman that gets what she wants and it is clear from the against the american dream essays bukowski moment she meets Mike that she would care for him.
From this point Big Mike and Leigh build a strong relationship, he ends up moving in with them and becomes a part of the family. Michael is essay on the princess bride a big man and one of the reasons he was accepted into help do my the school was because he had the princess bride perfect build to play American football and by the end of the movie Big Mike was one of the top players and went on to have a career in it. My favorite character throughout the book was definitely Big Mike, I love how complex of a character the director made him. Appearance wise, Big Mike looked big and child life council tough, he was the on the princess type of boy that you would walk the opposite direction when you see him on the street, but when you see him in the movie you discover how kind hearted he is. Council Coursework? A classic example of this is when Big Mike is first playing football and he doesn’t tackle anyone because he doesn’t want to hurt anyone. He reminds me of a giant teddy bear that wouldn’t hurt anyone.
But then as well as his kind heart if you dig deeper you can see the inner strength he possesses. From a very young age Michael is forced to look after himself and to get through it the way he did could only be done with utter strength. Essay? When most people are left with no one they give up but I admire Big Mike so much for turning to himself and doing all he could to make his life work. Not only is this but his loyalty unbreakable. To get Big Mike to tackle at rushessay essay the practice Leigh said to him to.
pretend that these guys were going to hurt her and bride his family and that’s when he finally tackled with aggression. You could see then and there that Big Mike would take on child council coursework, anyone that tried to hurt his family and on the bride those he cared about. Of Manchester English Literature Long Essay? To me it Big Mike is, for lack of a better expression, a total cutie. My favorite part of the movie is when Leigh asks Big Mike if he would like to be part of princess bride their family and essays bukowski Big Mike looks at her dead seriously and replies ‘I thought I already was.’ Throughout the on the princess whole movie it was this character that constantly impressed and lenar md engaged me and princess bride the fact that it was based on a true story just adds to help research this. Essay On The Princess? One of the main ideas in university long essay the visual text The Blind Side is courage. Essay On The? Leigh Touhy shows courage when she takes Mike Oher from off the streets and life council coursework review gives him a roof over his head and someone to lean on. This showed courage in the best of ways and it couldn’t off been done to anyone else. Although Leigh’s family did not agree with having Mike there in the first place, then soon got to like the guy and really enjoyed having him there as another brother or son.
It also took real courage for Leigh and Michael to on the legally adopt Big Mike as a child, get his driver license and literary writing help him get into the best school available for Mike to go to on essay on the princess bride, a football scholarship. Leigh also had courage for going to rushessay essay her own friends and telling them about essay on the princess bride Mike. A conversation held with her friends is. Friend: “You’re changing that boy’s life” Leigh: “No He’s changing mine”. I thought that Leigh had courage to say this to her friends as Mike is not her own son yet she is taking care of him as he is the lenar yessayan only child in the family. A quote from the on the bride film The Blind Side to represent Courage is “that’s why courage is tricky. Should you always do what others tell you to do?
Sometimes you might not even know why you’re doing something. I mean, any fool can have courage”. This is saying that courage is important but it’s hard. You should do what you want to do and me to do my paper not what others tell you to do, but the main point is on the princess that anyone can have courage; weather their big, small, tall or short. The text that I immediately thought of me to was The Dead Poets society and in particular Neil. The reason for this is in on the princess bride my mind I started to immediately compare the difference between Neil and lenar Michael. As I previously stated Big Mike had to deal with the loneliness in his life and the way he did this was by essay princess, turning to himself for support. I think the reason that Neil committed suicide was loneliness, by this I don’t mean that he had no friends, as it was obvious from the start he did, but that he felt like he had no support from those that mattered.
If his dad had shown a slight interest in his acting career then Neil would have been satisfied but because his dad seemed not to care Neil felt like he had no one to turn to and no options. This is the difference that I see between Neil and Michael, inner strength. While Michael appeared soft throughout the visual text, to university literature essay carry on living especially in certain points in his life took incredible inner strength and princess as much as I liked Neil’s character I don’t think he possessed the same strength. Neil is kind of the polar opposite, on the outside he appeared to be strong and content with life but on rushessay essay, the inside the way his father was acting slowly killed him inside. Both of these characters had parents that weren’t at all good at their job but it was the difference between the two personalities that ended with one dead and the other a professional football player. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 3 April 2016.
Let us write you a custom essay sample on Book Report on the Blind Side. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Essay? Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page. 3422 Old Capitol Trail, Suite 267, Wilminton, DE 19808, USA.
Buy Essay Online -
Esay On The Princess Bride Essay - 664 Words -…
Good Character Essays and on the princess bride, Research Papers. beating their children or fighting dogs! I cannot agree with having someone he a hero over their abilities, it is their actions and positive motivations to rushessay essay . make this world a better place that makes a true hero. In my eyes what defines a hero is good moral character and how one is able to respond to a difficult situation. Princess! A hero for me is someone that is able to change their future that no one else sees but themselves! For instance, in the story “from Bodega Dreams”, the author obviously came from a situation. Child , Good moral character , Hero 1203 Words | 3 Pages. Good Will Hunting Character Analysis. Introduction Social- Cognitive theory believes that humans are individuals who are capable of proactively making things happen to assist in their own . development (Parajes, 2002).
In Good Will Hunting, Will Hunting did not believe that he was able to make a positive change in his life. Lenar Md! Will is on the, a prodigy, particularly in mathematics, who did not recognize his gift. He was born and council coursework review, raised in the slums, where he is now comfortable. He was abandoned by his parents and in and out of numerous foster homes. Good Will Hunting , Love , Personality psychology 2168 Words | 7 Pages. Round Characters and Flat Characters in a Story. Round character Definition: A round character is a major character in a work of fiction who encounters conflict . and essay bride, is changed by it.
Round characters tend to be more fully developed and described than flat, or static, characters . If you think of the characters you most love in fiction, they probably seem as real to you as people you know in real life. This is a good sign that they are round characters . A writer employs a number of tools or elements to develop a character , making him or her round. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Antagonist , Archetype 953 Words | 3 Pages. ? Good People It is difficult and complicated to define a good and a bad person. We all have different opinions on rushessay essay, what is the . right thing to do and what is the wrong thing to do. Essay On The Princess! People have their own set of personal unwritten rules – also called ethic – which they live by. However sometimes the child life council review, person himself does not know what he thinks is ethical right or wrong because he has never have to deal with the situation before. In the short story ” Good People” which is written by David Foster Wallace. Antagonist , Character , David Foster Wallace 1015 Words | 3 Pages. Everyman, a morality play, utilizes ten characters to guide Everyman on his journey towards death.
Through the plot Everyman is chosen by on the, god . University Of Manchester Literature Long Essay! as an example to all humans. God feels unappreciated and is not happy with human obsession over princess bride, material goods . Plot is used as a device to place events in of manchester literature long, sequence to make up a theme. Cause and effect is a tool of plot used in Everyman. The author uses Fictional and princess, allegorical characters to help the protagonist learn a lesson. The author’s use of allegory. Character , Climax , English-language films 1442 Words | 4 Pages. The Balance of Iago and Desdemona’s Characters in Othello In William Shakespeare’s tragic play Othello the balance of good . Of Manchester Literature Long Essay! versus evil is on the princess bride, seen in Desdemona and Iago. “Every character is […] balanced by another similar or contrasting character ”(Kernan 877). We see this balance in Desdemona’s “innocence” and Iago’s corrupting hatred (877). The effects both Iago and of manchester english long essay, Desdemona have on the main character Othello throughout the play only princess bride help to show this balance. Othello becomes the tragic work of.
Character , Drama , Hamlet 875 Words | 3 Pages. makes that piece of literature good ? The answer to this question is entirely subjective. Think about some of your favorite books and thesis, why you . love them so much. By comparing your favorite books, there may be some similarities coming up again and again as you think about what you loved about them. On The Princess Bride! These similarities involve realism; no matter if you are reading fantasy or paranormal, there should be some elements of reality to make the story believable. The characters of the book make a connection that. Character , Fiction , Kate Winslet 1113 Words | 3 Pages. Characteristics of do my research, a Good Screenplay. Three important considerations of drama are: good story, good plot and good structure. Explain how a screenplay . model incorporates these in bride, its features.
A screenplay can be an thesis literary writing, original piece (Original screenplay), or based on a true story or previously written piece, like a novel, stage play or newspaper article (Adapted screenplay). At its heart, a screenplay is a blueprint for essay bride, the film it will one day become. Child Council Review! A screenplay focuses on on the princess, describing the literal, visual aspects of the story. 2007 albums , Character , Climax 941 Words | 3 Pages. Character Sketch Guidelines A Character Sketch is writing, a great way for your student to assess the characters in on the, the . literature they are reading or people that they are researching about. Research Paper! It can give them tools of observation as they look at the many details about essay on the princess, another individual. When studying a specific character in child life council, a literary piece the essay on the, sketch gives the student the freedom to be a detective and try to find out what the author is expressing through their characters . They can sketch the protagonist. A Great Way to Care , Antagonist , Character 969 Words | 4 Pages.
? Good People What does it mean to be a good person? How can one respect oneself without hurting others? Are we able to help me to do my research judge . whether a decision is wrong or right? Do we really know what love is? . Bride! Questions like these have always existed, but what happens when an author tries to comprehend the complexity of being ‘ good people’? Is it possible to english long write about an issue like this? In David Foster Wallace’s short story “ Good People” from 2007 we experience an attempt to do so. In the short story. Character , David Foster Wallace , Fiction 1177 Words | 4 Pages. What Is Character? How Is It Formed?
[pic]What Is Character ? How Is It Formed? Character is who we really are. It's what we do when no one is looking. It' s . the accumulation of thoughts, values, words and on the princess bride, actions. These become the rushessay essay, habits that comprise our character . That character determines our destiny. A person of character thinks right and does right according to core universal values that define the qualities of a good person: trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring and citizenship. The CHARACTER COUNTS. Character , Emotion , Experience 1270 Words | 4 Pages. as a character designer, and essay, an overview of the job as a whole.
I will explain what this highly sought after job has to offer, from pay and . amount of rushessay essay, work available, to essay princess bride the work involved and thesis literary, where the job falls in on the bride, the industry ladder (and if there is a possibility for advancement). There is a broad spectrum of work involved in character design, and a few different ways to do my break into the industry. A look at this job will give a nice overview of what the playing field looks like, and essay princess, a good detailed. Character , Game designer , Player character 1822 Words | 5 Pages. Good to of manchester english literature long essay a Fault by Marina Endicott.
cancer in her lymph nodes. On The! After this discovery, the father decides to skip town leaving his wife, three young children and elderly mother homeless. . Good to md a Fault by Marina Endicott is an on the bride, exceptional novel. Endicott won the Commonwealth Writer's Prize for rushessay essay, Best book in Canada and the Caribbean for Good to a Fault. Why might you ask? Each character is so extraordinarily developed and so well described it feels as if you know them yourself. Their emotions, thoughts and princess bride, actions are so personal that. Character , Fiction , Literature 1244 Words | 3 Pages. story ? Good Country People.? O?Connor artistically cultivates character development throughout her story as a means of creating . multi-level themes that culminate in allegory.
Although the university of manchester essay, themes are independent of each other, the characters are not; the development of one character is princess bride, dependent upon the development of another. Each character ?s feelings and yessayan, behavior are influenced by the behavior of the princess, others. Help Me To Research Paper! Joy/Hulga, as the story?s main character , is the essay on the princess, singly most significant character to the. Character , Fiction , Reader 931 Words | 3 Pages. Character Analysis of Sasha Uskov. reader with the main character . Most authors typically reveal the personality traits of their main character through . characterization.
In the short story, “A Problem” the author was able to allow the reader to explore the characterization of the main character , Sasha Uskov in several distinct ways. Through the against the american essays on charles bukowski, narrator’s statement, the author was able to reveal to the reader the essay on the bride, motives and conflicts of Sasha’s character and help me to, the other supporting characters . Describing Sasha’s character through his own. Character , Conflict , Fiction 1772 Words | 5 Pages. Character is princess bride, Fate – Essay “A man’s character is his fate” once said the Greek philosopher Heraclites. By this he meant that . our personalities and actions shape the outcomes of our lives and of manchester long essay, therefore our destiny.
This statement opposes the traditional view that man’s fate is on the bride, determined by an external force (name it god or even chance). Rushessay Essay! This argument is essay princess bride, basically one of faith: do you believe we shape our own futures by how we act, or are our lives programmed in a certain unchangeable way? In other. Character , English-language films , Evil 1496 Words | 4 Pages. 1. Your story needs to hook the reader from of manchester literature long, its first sentence. Whatever you write, cause your reader to feel from the outset that they are going to enjoy . the time given over to essay reading your story. You can do this by writing about characters and incidents that the thesis, reader can relate to. Such stories begin and remain lively, interesting and meaningful. The reader can relate to what is happening. The imagined narrator has an inviting, interesting tone of voice. The story is unified and coherent.
Antagonist , Attention , Character 1304 Words | 6 Pages. Act I When Six Characters in Search of an Author begins, the stage is essay on the princess, being prepared for the daytime rehearsal of a play and several actors . and actresses are milling about as the Producer enters and gets the rehearsal started. Suddenly the rushessay essay, guard at the stage door enters and informs the on the princess, Producer that six people have entered the theatre asking to see the person in life council coursework, charge. These six “ characters ” are a Father, a Mother, a 22-year-old Son, a Stepdaughter, an adolescent Boy, and essay princess, young female Child. These. Acting , Actor , Character 1278 Words | 4 Pages. Othello as a Tragedy of Character. Othello as “A Tragedy of me to do my research, Character ” “Tragedy of Othello/ The Moor of Venice” is a typical of essay on the princess, classical tragedy and is regarded as the . greatest work of William Shakespeare by child life council coursework, many critics. While writing his play in 1604, Shakespeare adapted the story from Italian author Cynthio’s novella called Hecatammithi which was written in 1565.
In order to bring a comment on play’s being “a tragedy of character ” it’s necessary to essay princess bride emphasize on these points: general characteristics of classical tragedy, “Tragedy. Character , Drama , Hamlet 1640 Words | 5 Pages. character analysis of history boys. ? . Rushessay Essay! http://rosalinetranslator.multiply.com/journal/item/5/Analysis-of-the- Characters -In-the-History-Boys-written-by-Alan-Bennett?show_interstitial=1u=%2Fjournal%2Fitem Analysis of the Characters In the History Boys written by Alan Bennett Jan 17, '09 5:55 AM for everyone Mr. Hector or Douglas He is a round character since psychological aspect is the most obvious thing wherever and wherever he is. Mr. Hector is a sixtysomething eccentric and poetry-loving teacher who inspires his students with. Character , Protagonist , Teacher 1925 Words | 5 Pages.
Character and on the princess, characterization - The Cask of Amontillado. ?Definitions character and characterization An assignment like this one can only succeed with a clear definition of the analysed element of lenar, . fiction. Therefore we started to assignment by princess bride, defining character and characterization: A character is fictional person in university english literature essay, a literary work. Not all characters in essay princess, a story have the same depth or the same importance: depending on the role they play in the story, some characters are described meticulously (what they look like, how they feel, what they think, what. Antagonist , Character , Edgar Allan Poe 1030 Words | 4 Pages. throughout the Virgina Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway that the character development and life council coursework, complexity of the female characters of the story . are concentrated on princess bride, far more than their male counterparts. It is my feelings that the magnitude of thesis, this character development comes about essay on the bride, because of the rushessay essay, observations and feelings of the princess, main character Mrs. Clarissa Dalloway.
From the beginning we get this description that she has a feeling of having an extremely good sense of character yet she is shallow, admitting she does many. Character , Female , Girl 1127 Words | 3 Pages. Journeys End - R.C.Sherriff - Character of Stanhope the ways in rushessay essay, which Sheriff presents the character of Stanhope How is the dear young boy? Still drinking like a fish, as usual? The . Bride! character of Stanhope is lenar yessayan md, introduced by Hardy in Act 1, without him actually making an appearance. Osborne shows respect to Stanhope and is clearly angry and annoyed by on the, the way Hardy is dismissive of Stanhope's ability. Already, we are presented with two contrasting views of Stanhope. By considering the way in which both characters discuss him, we can address the question. Audience , Audience theory , Character 947 Words | 3 Pages. Lord of the Flies - a Character Study of Ralph.
This essay is a character study of Ralph, who is one of the help do my paper, main characters in William Golding's ?Lord of the on the princess bride, Flies'. I have . chosen to analyse Ralph's character , as it is the character with which I feel that I can relate most closely. Ralph is probably the novel's main character . This essay will include my identification of the major aspects of thesis literary, Ralph's character and how he symbolises different themes, which are portrayed in on the princess, the novel. I will cover in this what Ralph contributes to the plot of the. Boy , Character , English-language films 1514 Words | 4 Pages. adventuresome environmentalists who stir up trouble in means of standing up for their beliefs.
Both Abbey and Hiaasen construct higher and natural laws over . the traditional justice system that gives characters justification for yessayan md, their actions. Ethically we as humans should not side with these rebellious characters , but the theme is so central in the books cover-to-cover that we, as readers, lose sight of morals as the authors manipulate us to essay princess become completely invested in these heroic criminals. Coursework! With. Character , Crime , Earth First! 1468 Words | 4 Pages.
Character Development In The Alchemist. ? Character Development In The Alchemist The novel The Alchemist written by Paulo Coelho is about a boy that is on on the princess, a journey to do my research paper find his . Essay On The Princess! personal legend. Throughout his journey he is helped by many people he meets, but he also has to overcome many obstacles that try to prevent him from finding his personal legend. In The Alchemist the main character Santiago shows a lot of character development through the of manchester english essay, ongoing knowledge he gains throughout his journey. At the start of the book Santiago shows. Character , Developmental psychology , Knowledge 930 Words | 3 Pages. ? Character Essay Nora Helmer In the play A dolls house, there are several characters with different personalities that affect . the ending result of the play. Essay Bride! Out of all these characters there is one character that stands out, this character is Nora Helmer. Rushessay Essay! The reason for Nora to stand out of the rest of the character is because that she dramatically alters the play plus the play plot is very focused and based on essay on the bride, her, she is to thesis writing a further extent the main character . Nora is on the princess, woman that is said to. A Doll's House , Character , Husband 912 Words | 2 Pages.
Characters in a Good Man Is Hard to Find. Story Outline A Good man is Hard to Find focuses on Christianity being filled with sin and punishment, good and evil, belief . and unbelief. Title: A Good Man is Hard to university of manchester english long essay Find Author: Flannery O' Connor Setting: Characters : The grandmother; is essay princess bride, not godly, prayerful, or trustworthy but she is rushessay essay, a troublesome character . She raised her children without spirutuality, because she is not a believer, she is Godless. The Misfit; is the epitome of the on the bride, Godless man in yessayan md, a Godless society. Princess Bride! He. A Good Man Is Hard to Find , Family , Foreshadowing 1292 Words | 4 Pages.
Fight Club's two main characters . They are Jack played by Edward Norton, and Tyler Durden played by child council, Brad Pitt. However the twist to the movie . turns out that Jack and Tyler are the same person and Tyler is essay on the, Jack's real name. Yessayan! Tyler the character is everything that Jack the character is not. The story narration is provided by the protagonist of essay princess bride, Fight Club, Jack. The ambivalent protagonist, who only refers to himself as Jack. The American Dream Bukowski! An ambivalent protagonist, usually the main character , is someone the audience. Antagonist , Character , Fight Club 1663 Words | 4 Pages. Spade’s most notorious lines that place him into the anti-hero category is essay on the, when he says, “I hope they don't hang you, precious, by that sweet neck. Yes, . angel, I'm gonna send you over.
The chances are you'll get off with life. That means if you're a good girl, you'll be out in child life, 20 years. I'll be waiting for you. If they hang you, I'll always remember you.” (Hammett 211). This one action by Sam Spade truly sets him apart as the anti-hero because it was so revolutionary for on the princess bride, the time. Many readers were. Character , Dashiell Hammett , Film noir 1098 Words | 3 Pages. Sample Essay One In the rushessay essay, story “Yellow Fish,” the main character is never directly described or mentioned.
The reader must inference everything . except their name, Anu. The author creates the character through reflections and on the princess bride, other various techniques. Throughout the review, story, the writer uses very choppy sentences, as well as fragments, to represent Anu’s stream of consciousness. By doing this, the essay princess bride, writer gives her a timid, scarred personality. By limiting the sentence structure, Ambai indirectly leads. Antagonist , Character , Protagonist 1764 Words | 5 Pages. ?n “What You Pawn I Will Redeem” by against the american dream essays bukowski, Sherman Alexie, the main character is a homeless Native American Indian who came to Seattle to go to . college and quit after two semesters. Alexie creates a world where the protagonist seems to find help from every turn that he makes. Setting The setting is the 1990’s in Seattle. Jackson Jackson is a Spokane Indian. Essay On The Princess Bride! According to Jackson Squared, his people have lived within a one-hundred-mile radius of Spokane, Washington, for ten thousand years.
Several. Character , Conflict , Homelessness 1692 Words | 5 Pages. Character Analysis Yellow Wallpaper. Character Analysis Essay English 1002 Rodems February 7, 2011 The Yellow Wallpaper Many people deal with post-traumatic depression and it . can have a huge impact on one’s life. In the short story by against essays bukowski, Charlotte Perkins Gillman, “The Yellow Wallpaper”, the main character , as well as the narrator, is an unnamed woman dealing with post-traumatic depression. The exceptionally imaginative protagonist’s metamorphosis is due to essay her isolated confinement in a room with “yellow wallpaper” in of manchester english literature long, order for. Antagonist , Character , Charlotte Perkins Gilman 1144 Words | 3 Pages. Participating in team sports helps to develop good character. ?Page 1 Participating in essay on the princess bride, team sports helps to develop good character because sports involve team work, gaining of social . experiences and helps relieve stress.
Being on a sport team creates the opportunity to gain meaning full insight into one's self. This is the time to gauge reactions and rushessay essay, learn appropriate responses to difficult situations. Athletes learn not to become defeated by a loss, but to dig in and believe they can win even when the score board says otherwise. It teaches each individual. Form of the Good , Individual sport , Individual sports 1756 Words | 5 Pages. Character Analysis of the Short Story “Lust” In the short story Lust by Susan Minot, the essay on the, author creates and develops the main . character differently than many authors do. The protagonist is not developed by depicting a physical appearance, but is developed partially through her relationship with other characters , and is predominately created by her own feelings and actions.
The narrator, who is also the main character , is help me to paper, not identified but is nameless and faceless and the author uses this, as. Antagonist , Character , Emotion 1121 Words | 3 Pages. question all authority. In this, we undertake a thematic journey to discover an ` ‘alternative’ to essay the desire for power. This alternative is . illustrated through addressing the themes of self determination, feminism and tribalism. Through the characters we come to understand that most power is irrelevant in the personal journey of against the american bukowski, self discovery. Sample Essays Question. “I have not known a day’s peace and contentment in essay bride, my life.” Discuss this statement in light of the various internal conflicts. Character , Conflict , English-language films 1726 Words | 5 Pages. Atticus Finch Character Sketch Essay. Atticus Finch is child life, one of the major characters in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird written in 1960.
Atticus is a lawyer in Maycomb, the . representative of Alabama in the State Legislator and the father of essay princess, Scout and against the american dream essays bukowski, Jeremy Finch. The major themes and ideas Lee emphasizes in the novel are social inequality and on the princess, intolerance, education, legal justice and bravery are represented in one way or another through this character . Atticus Finch is a man of principles who is consistent in his views and deeds throughout. Atticus Finch , Black people , Character 1430 Words | 4 Pages. Andrea Levy's portrayal of characters in Small Island. ?Write about the way Andrea Levy portrays characters in Small Island. Against Dream On Charles Bukowski! The novel ‘Small Island’ by Andrea Levy surrounds the happenings of . Essay On The Bride! four characters in 1948 after World War II, when England was just about recovering from the terror the war had caused and, more specific to the novel, when there was a sudden influx of foreigners immigrating to Britain. Levy takes on the voices of lenar yessayan, four individual and vastly different characters in the novel and attempts to tell us their stories and their dreams. Character , Fiction , Jamaica 1262 Words | 3 Pages.
Shelby Scott Rob Franks English 101 10/12/10 Explication of Flannery O’Connor: “ Good Country People” In Flannery O’Connors short story, . “ Good Country People,” the essay bride, main theme is about a southern family and their faith, identity and education. Another key theme in the story is the concept of rushessay essay, reality vs. illusion. The story employs irony and essay, symbolism to university english literature portray the main character’s nihilism, immaturity and rebelliousness as well as the other character’s traits and princess bride, personalities. The. Character , Fiction , Flannery O'Connor 1184 Words | 4 Pages. Literature 30 August Character Analysis of Winston Smith from 1984 Winston Smith, George Orwell’s main character from 1984, . contributes greatly to the novel in many ways. While he is presented to be a simple man, Winston adds many complex ideas to the classic piece of literature.
Orwell uses internal and thesis, external characteristics, symbols, and princess, significant quotes to rushessay essay develop Winston’s role in 1984. Internal Characteristics are a big part of the development of a main character and ideas relating to. Character , Fiction , George Orwell 1750 Words | 5 Pages. The character I have chosen to analyse is bride, William Thornhill. He is the central character in the novel ‘Secret River’. His . character is important, in the novel, because he was one of the first Europeans, sent to Australia, to work out council their sentence for their crimes. Throughout the novel it shows that Thornhill did things for the right reasons, but his actions contrasted with his essentially good character . To some extent William Thornhill can be portrayed as a bad character due to his lack of responsibility. Antagonist , Character , Human migration 1120 Words | 3 Pages. This is a short overview on The Good Soldier by Ford Madox Ford. It is essay bride, a modernistic novel so it has numerous perspectives and this is just one . of them.
Author Ford Hermann Hueffer otherwise known as Ford Madox Ford was born in rushessay essay, 1873 in the city of Merton, Surrey. He was the decedent of Madox Brown the artists and the son of a music critic Francis Hueffer. Ford Madox Ford came from a background of artist and princess, literature and that lead to him liking literature. As a child he would often travel between. Character , Fiction , Ford Madox Brown 1457 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the purpose of the main characters, minor characters and the chorus in Antigone. (30 marks) the main characters , minor characters and the chorus in Antigone. (30 marks) All characters which feature in . Sophocles’ play Antigone play an important role somehow; mainly conveying a certain moral or theme. The major characters portray the main themes such as loyalty, whilst some of the minor characters and the chorus explore the theme of prophecy and fate.
Antigone is one of/the main character in the play named after herself. However it is debatable whether she is the main character due to the. Ancient Greece , Antigone , Character 1556 Words | 4 Pages. 8/7/13 Free Essay Home About Contact Me Publish Your Essay M ar 16, 2013 Member Submission Contents FAQ Letter Enter your email . Rushessay Essay! address: Search TOP VIDEOS | CLASS 1 TO 10 My Favourite Cartoon Character (Shinchan) Essay Class 7 Subscribe FREE Delivered by FeedBurner Class 9 - 12, M BBS IIT w w w .topM BBScoaching.com Self Study Course By Phds IITians Online Coaching, Books Set, DV D Set Subscribe in a reader:Firefox, Explorer-LIVE Essay Categories. Cartoon , Character , Crayon Shin-chan 1529 Words | 7 Pages. A Character Study: Phoenix Jackson. Phoenix Jackson, the main character of essay bride, “A Word Path”, by university of manchester literature long, Eudora Welty, is a determined and giving Negro woman, who, despite her old age and . fading independence, frequently makes a long and hard journey to town to help her grandson.
The whole story takes place in about a day’s time -- yet this small glimpse into her long life is enough time for the author to convey to bride the reader who exactly this character is, both physically and psychologically. Physically, she is a frail, old woman. She wears. Antagonist , Black people , Character 1042 Words | 3 Pages. Frankenstein's Foil Characters: Walton and the Creature. Robert Walton and the Creature both contribute much to Victor Frankenstein's character . They are both strong foil characters in . the life, novel. A foil character is a minor character whose situation or actions parallel those of a major character , and by contrast clarifies certain elements of the major character . Because Walton plays a role that both parallels and contrasts to Victor's in many ways, it appears that Robert Walton is the more effective foil for Victor Frankenstein. Walton's letters to. Character , Discovery , Feeling 790 Words | 3 Pages. A Separate Peace - Character Analysis. A Separate Peace ,by John Knowles, is a story about on the bride, Gene, his friend Phineas, and his internal conflict with himself.
Knowles creates a riveting drama with . this story utilizing elements of plot, setting, character , and child life council coursework review, theme. This paper will cover these elements and how they convey the author's message. Separate Peace has a complex plot which starts innocently enough at Devon , a boarding school, with a jump from a tall tree. Essay Bride! This marks the beginning of a period of carelessness and fun. A Separate Peace , A Story , Character 1387 Words | 7 Pages. Tomorrow When the War Began Characters. WHEN THE WAR BEGAN CHARACTERS Ellie * The 'voice' of the the american dream essays on charles bukowski, Tomorrow Series novels and the main character that is featured . On The Bride! throughout the series. Against The American On Charles Bukowski! * Ellie is essay on the princess, a natural leader and tries to work out dream bukowski being the on the princess bride, leader without being ‘bossy,’. * She is very stubborn and headstrong which gets her into trouble with her friends and also endangers her life at one point. * Her loyalty to her friends, love of her family and intelligence are some of her strongest character traits. * Ellie.
Antagonist , Character , Protagonist 678 Words | 3 Pages. The Yellow Wallpaper: the lenar, Main Character and Cry for Freedom. The Yellow Wallpaper: The Main Character and Cry for Freedom By Charles Lyons Mrs. Carolyn Wood The short story The . Yellow Wall-Paper written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a cry for freedom. This story is about a woman who fights for her right to express what she feels, and on the princess bride, fights for her right to do what she wants to rushessay essay do.
The narrator in essay on the princess bride, this short story is a woman whose husband loves her very much, but oppresses her to the point where she cannot take it anymore. This. Character , Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Feminism 1537 Words | 4 Pages. ?Branded Goods In this new era, branded products have being so popular through these ages even the elderly likes to buy branded products. . First of all, brand is child council coursework review, “the outcome of essay on the princess bride, object-ives, it is produced in the test and trials of object-ivity, and it is, sometimes, a matter of object-ion” and or the literary writing, foreword meaning of the brand is “a set of relations between products or services” (Lury 2004, p.1). Examples of branded goods are coca cola, Apple, Hermes, Mercedes and many others. This essay will.
Advertising , Brand , Brand management 1029 Words | 3 Pages. Character Development Of Dounia (CP) Keyshawn Thomas English 1B Literary Analysis Short Essay The main character , Raskolnikov, receives majority of the attention about the bride, . development of his character throughout the book, however another interesting and complex characters that develops over time is, Raskolnikov’s sister, Dounia. Dounia is an extremely complex character who is portrayed as strong and life coursework review, can withstand criticism. Essay Princess! Furthermore, throughout the book she is shown as a woman who cares about her family, specifically Raskolnikov. Character , Crime and Punishment , Family 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Assessment of of manchester long, Grandmother's Character in a Good Man Is Hard to Find An Assessment of the Grandmother from “A Good Man is essay on the princess bride, Hard to Find” by Flannery O’Connor The grandmother who remains unnamed all . throughout in the story is the lenar yessayan md, protagonist and the central character of Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man is hard to Find, a tragic story of a family who decided to go on vacation but got killed randomly on the road by a criminal on the loose named “The Misfit”.
She is essay princess, endowed with a joyful spirit, a passion in life in spite of her age. Literary Writing! She is essay princess, a non-stereotypical. A Good Man Is Hard to against the american dream essays on charles bukowski Find , Family , Flannery O'Connor 1474 Words | 4 Pages. Tomoorw When the War Began. Who Is the Best Character. Tomorrow When the War Began Who is the most interesting character in Tomorrow When the War Began? Describe what is revealed about essay bride, them in . the novel. As much as I hate to start an essay with a personal pronoun, I must as the topic is all a matter of opinion. I believe that Homer is the the american on charles bukowski, most interesting character in the novel, Tomorrow When the on the princess bride, War Began. Throughout the novel, many aspects of his personality and looks are described. It is shown that: Homer has a Greek heritage and a rough, extreme.
Character , Fiction , Novel 1458 Words | 4 Pages. La Farce de Maitre Pathelin- the character of Guillemette. the play, and the complex nature of long, this character . Such a study should give the essay on the princess bride, reader an idea of the me to research paper, plays high level of artistic creation, . and also illustrate some of the many witty double meanings and underlying messages that are present right throughout the Farce. Although Guillemette appears in only four of the ten scenes of the Farce (according to the scene division in princess, the modern French translation), she is much more than just a peripheral character . She has a big influence on the events. Character , Medieval French literature , Performance 1536 Words | 4 Pages. Marathon Man - a Good Example a Bad One. of a good summer read?
Sitting by the pool on rushessay essay, a sunny day in princess, July, readers want a tale of action and adventure, maybe with a little bit of thesis writing, . romance thrown in as well. Princess Bride! It has to be a novel that will keep the reader on the edge of his or her seat, wondering what will happen in the next chapter. Marathon Man by William Goldman is the perfect summer read. Rushessay Essay! Most readers will find the beginning of the novel quite mysterious. On The! In the first chapter, readers are introduced to the main character , who.
Brothers , Character , English-language films 946 Words | 3 Pages. Things Fall Apart Character Analysis. emotion can ruin the quality of life.” Achebe portrays Okonkwo, the main character of the story in thesis literary, many ways. Okonkwo was a man of princess, pride and . diligence. He was well respected among his clansmen. Despite the many times he tried to convince himself to never show emotion and to always maintain a manly image, his actions said otherwise. In the novel, unlike the rushessay essay, majority of the other characters , he was a round and static character . There may have been some side-stories, but in the end, everything eventually. Character , Chinua Achebe , Conflict 923 Words | 3 Pages. Troy's characters as a tragic hero in Fences.
? Troy's characters as a tragic hero in on the princess bride, Fences Troy is one of the main character in literary, the play Fences by princess, August Wilson. He . is the provider for the family, a fatherly figure, a husband, and a hard worker among other things. However he is also a cheat, a womanizer, a strict man, an unloving father and an unreasonable man. The question is despite the characters pros and cons, how is he a hero, especially a tragic one. Writing! The play is sad in a sense that there is essay bride, a sad past, sad present and perhaps. American films , Character , Family 1312 Words | 3 Pages. Tragic Character and Plot in Things Fall Apart. May 2012 Tragic Character and Plot in Things Fall Apart Despite being written in 1959 and thesis literary, set in Nigeria, Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe . reads much like a Greek tragedy. AmidstPrinciples from Aristotle’s theory of tragedy in the Poetics are evident throughout the novel, and contribute to the development of the essay on the bride, protagonist and the incidents of the plot.
Amid the images of slaves, missionaries, and western colonialism, Achebe uses these principles to create a tragic character and plot that carrypropel. Anagnorisis , Character , Chinua Achebe 763 Words | 3 Pages. Understanding Character, Setting, and Plot. know about character : 1. Characterization is the means by which a writer reveals a character to a . reader, including appearance, speech and behavior, thoughts and feelings, and other characters ' reactions and help research paper, opinions. 2. There are four main elements of characterization. These include: a. How a character looks b. Essay! How a character acts c. Lenar Yessayan! How other characters react to this character d. What the. Antagonist , Character , Edgar Allan Poe 695 Words | 3 Pages. Homework #2: Goods , Services, and Operations Management Written By: Tamara Ellis Prof. On The Bride! Samuel A. Garwon MGMT 480 – 002 March 6, 2013 . 1. Explain why a bank teller, nurse, or flight attendant must have service management skills. How do the required skills differ for someone working in a factory?
What are the implications for hiring criteria and training? Service-providers need technical/operations skills plus human interaction and marketing skills. Rushessay Essay! A bank teller, for example, must be able. Customer , Customer service , Good 1169 Words | 4 Pages.
Buy Essay Online -
Essay on Princess Bride: Summary and Analysis - 657 |…
5 Resume Myths for Private Investigators Looking for a Job. Essay Princess Bride! Don’t listen to the same old advice, says this PI and lenar yessayan md, former placement agency owner. A new year usually prompts change and a surge in investigators looking to better themselves, so keep in mind that employers have all seen the same old dreaded interchangeable resumes that look much like one another. Having once owned a placement agency I learned that “different” got my attention and I welcomed reading resumes that were off-the-wall because they also challenged my imagination and kept me guessing about who was behind them. Here are five myths that I think the job-seeking investigator should bust to set himself or herself apart from the rest. Myth #1 Don’t Include your References. Yes.
Include them in the resume. Why tell the on the princess bride employer they are “Available upon Request” when you have them? Include them with all of their contact information. Help Do My Paper! Doing this will make the employer think that you have nothing to hide and providing them will be taken to mean that you offered the employer an invitation to call them in advance of the interview you’re vying for. As the employer, you have “implied consent” to essay, make contact prior to lenar yessayan, the interview. FREE Investigation Report Template. Prepare thorough, consistent investigation reports with our free report template. Why not affix a picture of yourself on your resume?
Because I look like Quasimodo Because I don’t photograph well Because it’s none of your business what I look like Because you could base an essay bride opinion before meeting me Because it might prejudice my chances Because you could consider hiring me based on against the american essays on charles, my looks and essay bride, not my skills Because it would appear too egotistical or vain. Bust myth #2 and market yourself. Yessayan Md! It’s not about your appearance, it’s about memory building and on the princess bride, differentiating your resume from the the american essays rest. Not many include a picture of bride, themselves and there’s your edge. If there are personal reasons you may not wish to rushessay essay, expose yourself, that’s fine. But find a way to cut yourself away from the pack and distinguish your resume from all the others. Myth #3 Don’t Go Crazy by Getting Creative.
Wrong. Do it. Essay On The Bride! For instance add a “Release of Authorization”. What is that? It’s a paragraph you insert at the bottom of your resume that grants permission for the employer to conduct background research based on yessayan md, the information you provide on your resume. On The Bride! You offer a signed invitation to the prospective employer to call your previous employers and references and invite them to begin conducting a pre-employment background check.
Putting “permission where your mouth is” is do my research paper a strong message to send to an employer. Formulate your own release in your own words, hand sign and essay on the bride, date the resume. Always assume that your references will be called. Myth #4 Never Submit More than a 2-Page Resume. Rushessay Essay! Some employers are one-page proponents and others want as much information as the candidate is willing to share. As a candidate, be yourself.
Present yourself in a way that is consistent with your style. An employer can tell much by what you say and how you present your pedigree. A short resume can frustrate the essay on the princess employer with a lack of detail while an exhaustive and wordy resume will produce that same result. Be comfortable with the wording you use in expressing yourself. Design a format that you would like to read if you were the employer. Power words are nice but above all else…be honest. There is nothing worse than being caught in an exaggeration, a lie or an omission. Myth #5 There are Strict Rules to Resume Writing. There are no rules. A resume is an extension of your best foot forward. It is not your best foot because the best is yet to come.
Sending a resume via e-mail is not a serious attempt at job hunting. A snail-mail follow-up resume or, better yet, hand-delivered if you can, will add two points of contact to your effort. A phone call to child, ensure they have it is good also. Getting your resume to essay princess, the top of the me to research pile is on the your goal to get a face-to-face interview. A good interviewer will have you off balance at “hello”. A good interviewer will have read your resume but may not speak to lenar yessayan md, you about princess bride, anything on your resume. A good interviewer will ask the same questions of rushessay essay, all the candidates to essay princess, determine who answers them more skillfully and honestly.
A good interviewer will read your body language and listen to lenar, your answers and then ask follow-up questions you did not expect to be asked nor know enough to prepare for. On The! Owner/President Corporate Investigation Services. Guy Parent founded CIS in 1988 with well over 12,000 case files of experience to draw from. CIS provides investigations for public and private companies through Corporate Investigation Services and is dedicated to me to do my, pre-employment Screening through Corporate Inquiry Systems. Guy’s 30 years of devotion to on the princess bride, the Protection and Investigation industry serves his clients in the areas of Labour Strike Crisis Management, Risk Assessments, Forensics, Covert CCTV and Surveillance while also providing Client Training Seminars. You're Only as Good as Your Last Investigation. Is the Private Investigation Profession in Crisis? You're Only as Good as Your Last Investigation.
Is the Private Investigation Profession in Crisis? Specialized investigative case management solutions that help you conduct better investigations and improve your business. A better case management solution, designed to improve investigative workflow and help do my paper, powered by a flexible, secure technology platform that#8217;s accessible and easy to use. A customized solution modeled on your company’s processes and tailored for essay on the, your department, industry, role or specific need. i-Sight#8217;s teams of against essays on charles, specialists are experts in implementing investigative case management solutions for companies just like yours. Bride! #8220;I look forward to i-Sight#8217;s newsletter each week to keep me abreast of industry news, upcoming webinars and other newly published resources.#8221; Director of Special Investigations, State Insurance Commission.
Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay -
Essay on Princess Bride: Summary and Analysis - 657 |…
essay dated tazuma An Essay on essay on the bride, Radiometric Dating. By Jonathon Woolf. Radiometric dating methods are the strongest direct evidence that geologists have for the age of the Earth. All these methods point to Earth being very, very old -- several billions of years old. Against Essays! Young-Earth creationists -- that is, creationists who believe that Earth is no more than 10,000 years old -- are fond of attacking radiometric dating methods as being full of on the princess bride, inaccuracies and riddled with sources of error.
When I first became interested in the creation-evolution debate, in late 1994, I looked around for university english literature essay, sources that clearly and simply explained what radiometric dating is and on the princess, why young-Earth creationists are driven to discredit it. University Of Manchester Literature Long Essay! I found several good sources, but none that seemed both complete enough to essay on the princess stand alone and simple enough for a non-geologist to understand them. Thus this essay, which is my attempt at producing such a source. What is radiometric dating? Simply stated, radiometric dating is a way of determining the age of a sample of material using the decay rates of radio-active nuclides to lenar md provide a 'clock.' It relies on three basic rules, plus a couple of critical assumptions. The rules are the same in all cases; the assumptions are different for each method. To explain those rules, I'll need to talk about some basic atomic physics. There are 90 naturally occurring chemical elements. Elements are identified by their atomic number , the essay on the bride number of protons in child life council coursework the atom's nucleus. All atoms except the simplest, hydrogen- 1, have nuclei made up of protons and neutrons. Hydrogen-1's nucleus consists of only a single proton.
Protons and essay on the bride, neutrons together are called nucleons , meaning particles that can appear in the atomic nucleus. A nuclide of an element, also called an isotope of an element, is an atom of child life council, that element that has a specific number of nucleons. Since all atoms of the on the same element have the same number of child life council review, protons, different nuclides of an element differ in the number of neutrons they contain. For example, hydrogen-1 and on the princess, hydrogen-2 are both nuclides of the element hydrogen, but hydrogen-1's nucleus contains only a proton, while hydrogen-2's nucleus contains a proton and a neutron. Uranium-238 contains 92 protons and council coursework, 146 neutrons, while uranium-235 contains 92 protons and 143 neutrons. To keep it short, a nuclide is usually written using the element’s abbreviation. Essay On The! Uranium’s abbreviation is U, so uranium-238 can be more briefly written as U238.
Many nuclides are stable -- they will always remain as they are unless some external force changes them. Some, however, are unstable -- given time, they will spontaneously undergo one of the several kinds of radioactive decay, changing in the process into another element. There are two common kinds of radioactive decay, alpha decay and child life council coursework review, beta decay . In alpha decay, the radioactive atom emits an alpha particle . An alpha particle contains two protons and two neutrons. After emission, it quickly picks up two electrons to essay on the bride balance the two protons, and becomes an electrically neutral helium-4 (He4) atom. When a nuclide emits an alpha particle, its atomic number drops by research paper, 2, and its mass number (number of nucleons) drops by 4. Thus, an atom of U238 (uranium, atomic number 92) emits an alpha particle and becomes an atom of Th234 (thorium, atomic number 90). A beta particle is an electron. When an atom emits a beta particle, a neutron inside the nucleus is transformed to a proton. Essay On The Princess Bride! The mass number doesn't change, but the atomic number goes up by 1. Thus, an atom of rushessay essay, carbon-14 (C14), atomic number 6, emits a beta particle and becomes an atom of nitrogen-14 (N14), atomic number 7. A third, very rare type of radioactive decay is called electron absorption . In electron absorption, a proton absorbs an electron to become a neutron. In other words, electron absorption is the exact reverse of beta decay.
The mass number doesn’t change, while the atomic number goes down by on the bride, 1. So an atom of potassium-40 (K40), atomic number 19 can absorb an university literature long essay electron to become an atom of argon-40 (Ar40), atomic number 18. The half-life of a radioactive nuclide is defined as the time it takes half of a sample of the element to decay. A mathematical formula can be used to calculate the princess bride half-life from the number of breakdowns per second in a sample of the nuclide. Some nuclides have very long half-lives, measured in against the american on charles billions or even trillions of years. Others have extremely short half-lives, measured in essay on the princess tenths or hundredths of a second. The decay rate and the american dream essays on charles bukowski, therefore the half-life are fixed characteristics of a nuclide. They don’t change at all. That’s the on the princess first axiom of radiometric dating techniques: the half-life of a given nuclide is a constant. (Note that this doesn’t mean the lenar md half-life of an element is a constant. Essay On The Princess Bride! Different nuclides of the same element can have substantially different half-lives.)
The half-life is a purely statistical measurement. Literary! It doesn’t depend on the age of individual atoms. A sample of U238 ten thousand years old will have precisely the same half-life as one ten billion years old. So, if we know how much of the nuclide was originally present, and how much there is now, we can easily calculate how long it would take for the missing amount to decay, and essay princess, therefore how long it’s been since that particular sample was formed. That’s the essence of lenar yessayan, radiometric dating: measure the amount that’s present, calculate how much is essay on the missing, and figure out rushessay essay, how long it would take for that quantity of the nuclide to essay princess bride break down.
Because it’s a statistical measure- ment , there’s always a margin of error in the age figure, but if the procedure is done properly, the the american dream on charles bukowski margin is essay bride very small. Obviously, the rushessay essay major question here is how much of the nuclide was originally present in our sample? In some cases, we don’t know. Such cases are useless for radiometric dating. We must know the original quantity of the parent nuclide in order to essay on the princess bride date our sample radiometrically . Fortunately, there are cases where we can do that. In order to do so, we need a nuclide that’s part of essays bukowski, a mineral compound.
Why? Because there’s a basic law of essay on the bride, chemistry that says Chemical processes like those that form minerals cannot distinguish between different nuclides of the same element. They simply can’t do it. If an element has more than one nuclide present, and a mineral forms in a magma melt that includes that element, the element’s different nuclides will appear in the mineral in lenar md precisely the essay bride same ratio that they occurred in the environment where and when the mineral was formed. This is the second axiom of radiometric dating. The third and final axiom is that when an atom undergoes radioactive decay, its internal structure and also its chemical behavior change. Losing or gaining atomic number puts the atom in a different row of the periodic table, and writing, elements in different rows behave in different ways. The new atom doesn’t form the same kinds of chemical bonds that the old one did. Essay Princess Bride! It may not form the help do my research same kinds of compounds. Essay! It may not even be able to hold the against the american dream bukowski parent atom’s place in the compound it finds itself in, which results in an immediate breaking of the chemical bonds that hold the atom to the others in bride the mineral. Why not? you might ask.
Well, an atom’s chemical activity pattern is a result of its electron shell structure. Thesis Literary Writing! (The exact details of this are rather complicated, so I won’t go into them here.) When the number of electrons change, the shell structure changes too. So when an atom decays and changes into essay on the an atom of a different element, its shell structure changes and it behaves in a different way chemically. That’s it. That’s the sum total of the chemical and physical basis of radiometric dating. That’s all you really need to know to understand radiometric dating techniques. How do these axioms translate into thesis literary writing useful science?
In the next part of this article, I’ll examine several different radiometric dating techniques, and essay princess bride, show how the axioms I cited above translate into useful age measurements. This section describes several common methods of radiometric dating. To start, let's look at the one which almost everyone has heard of: radiocarbon dating, AKA carbon-14 dating or just carbon dating. Method 1: Carbon-14 Dating. The element carbon occurs naturally in three nuclides: C12, C13, and C14. The vast majority of carbon atoms, about 98.89%, are C12.
About one atom in 800 billion is C14. The remainder are C13. Of the three, C12 and C13 are stable. C14 is radioactive, with a half-life of 5730 years. C14 is also formed continuously from N14 (nitrogen-14) in rushessay essay the upper reaches of the atmosphere. And since carbon is an essential element in living organisms, C14 appears in all terrestrial ( landbound ) living organisms in the same proportions it appears in the atmosphere. Plants and protists get C14 from the environment. Essay Princess Bride! Animals and fungi get C14 from the plant or animal tissue they eat for food. When an organism dies, it stops taking in C14. The C14 already in the organism doesn’t stop decaying, so as time goes on there is less and less C14 left in rushessay essay the organism’s remains.
If we measure how much C14 there currently is, we can tell how much there was when the organism died, and therefore how much has decayed. When we know how much has decayed, we know how old the sample is. Many archaeological sites have been dated by applying radiocarbon dating to samples of essay on the princess, bone, wood, or cloth found there. Radiocarbon dating depends on several assumptions. One is that the thing being dated is organic in origin. Radiocarbon dating does not work on anything inorganic, like rocks or fossils. Only things that once were alive and now are dead: bones, teeth, flesh, leaves, etc. The second assumption is that the organism in child council question got its carbon from the atmosphere.
A third is that the thing has remained closed to C14 since the organism from which it was created died. The fourth one is that we know what the concentration of atmospheric C14 was when the organism lived and on the princess, died. That last one is more important than it sounds. Thesis Literary! When Professor William Libby developed the essay princess bride C14 dating system in 1949, he assumed that the amount of do my research, C14 in the atmosphere was a constant. On The Bride! However, after a few years a number of scientists got suspicious of this assumption, because dates obtained by the C14 method weren’t tallying with dates obtained by other means. A long series of studies of C14 content produced an equally long series of corrective factors that must be taken into account when using C14 dating. So the help research paper dates derived from C14 decay had to essay on the princess be revised. One reference on radiometric dating lists an of manchester literature long entire array of essay princess bride, corrective factors for literary, the change in essay atmospheric C14 over lenar yessayan md time. Princess! C14 dating serves as both an illustration of how useful radiometric dating can be, and of the pitfalls that can be found in untested assumptions. Method 2: U238/U235/Th232 Series.
U238 and U235 are both nuclides of the element uranium. U235 is well known as the rushessay essay major fissionable nuclide of uranium. It’s the primary active ingredient of nuclear power plant reactor cores. It has a half-life of roughly 700 million years. U238 is on the bride more stable, with a half-life of long essay, 4.3 billion years. Th232 is the most common nuclide of the element thorium, and on the, has a half-life of 13.9 billion years.
All three of these nuclides are the starting points for what are called radioactive series . Help Do My Research Paper! A radioactive series is a sequence of on the princess bride, nuclides that form one from thesis another by radioactive decay. The series for essay on the bride, U238 looks like this: Th234 -- Pa234 + B. Th230 -- Ra226 + A. Ra226 -- Rn222 + A. Rn222 -- Po218 + A. Po218 -- Pb214 + A.
Pb214 -- Bi214 + B. Bi214 -- Po214 + B. Po214 -- Pb210 + A. Pb210 -- Bi210 + B. Bi210 -- Po210 + B. Po210 -- Pb206 + A. (Chemical symbols: U = Uranium; Th = Thorium; Pa = Protactinium; Ra = Radium; Rn = Radon; Po = Polonium; Pb = Lead; Bi = Bismuth. A indicates alpha decay; B indicates beta decay.) We can calculate the half-lives of all of these elements. All the intermediate nuclides between U238 and Pb206 are highly unstable, with short half-lives. That means they don’t stay around very long, so we can take it as given that these nuclides don’t appear on Earth today except as the result of uranium decay.
We can find out the normal distribution of lead nuclides by lenar yessayan, looking at a lead ore that doesn’t contain any uranium, but that formed under the essay on the same conditions and from the same source as our uranium-bearing sample. Then any excess of Pb206 must be the rushessay essay result of the decay of U238. Essay! When we know how much excess Pb206 there is, and we know the literary current quantity of U238, we can calculate how long the U238 in our sample has been decaying, and princess, therefore how long ago the rock formed. Th232 and U235 also give rise to do my research radioactive series -- different series from on the that of U238, containing different nuclides and ending in different nuclides of lead. Chemists can apply similar techniques to all three, resulting in three different dates for the same rock sample. (Uranium and thorium have similar chemical behavior, so all three of these nuclides frequently occur in the same ores.) If all three dates agree within the margin of rushessay essay, error, the date can be accepted as confirmed beyond a reasonable doubt. Essay On The Bride! Since all three of child council coursework, these nuclides have substantially different half-lives, for all three to agree indicates the technique being used is sound.
But even so, radioactive-series dating could be open to on the princess bride question. It’s always possible that migration of nuclides or chemical changes in the rock could yield incorrect results. The rock being dated must remain a closed system with respect to uranium, thorium, and their daughter nuclides for literary, the method to work properly. Both the uranium and thorium series include nuclides of radon, an inert gas that can migrate through rock fairly easily even in the few days it lasts. Essay Princess! To have a radiometric dating method that is help me to do my research paper unquestionably accurate, we need a radioactive nuclide for which we can get absolutely reliable measurements of the original quantity and the current quantity. Is there any such nuclide to be found in essay on the princess nature? The answer is yes.
Which brings us to the third method of radiometric dating . . . Method 3: Potassium-Argon Dating. The element potassium has three nuclides, K39, K40, and K41. Literary Writing! Only K40 is radioactive; the other two are stable. K40 is unusual among radioactive nuclides in that it can break down two different ways. It can emit a beta particle to become Ca40 (calcium-40), or it can absorb an electron to become Ar40 (argon-40). Argon is a very special element. It’s one of the group of elements called noble gases or inert gases. Argon is a gas at Earth-normal temperatures, and in any state it exists only as single atoms. It doesn’t form chemical compounds with any other element, not even the essay on the bride most active ones. It’s a fairly large atom, so it would have trouble slipping into a dense crystal’s molecular structure. The American Dream Essays On Charles! By contrast, potassium and calcium are two of the most active elements in nature.
They both form compounds readily and hold onto other atoms tenaciously. What does this mean? It means that potassium can get into minerals quite easily, but argon can’t. It means that before a mineral crystallizes, argon can escape from it easily. It also means that when an atom of argon forms from an atom of potassium inside the mineral, the argon is trapped in the mineral. So any Ar40 we find deep inside a rock sample must be there as a result of K40 decay. We know K40’s half-life, and we know the essay on the princess probability of K40 decaying to Ar40 instead of Ca40. That and some simple calculations produce a figure for how long the K40 has been decaying in against dream essays on charles bukowski our rock sample.
However, again it’s important to essay on the princess remember that we’re dealing with assumptions , and we always have to keep in mind that our assumptions may be wrong. What happens if our mineral sample has not remained a closed system? What if argon has escaped from the mineral? What if argon has found its way into the mineral from some other source? If some of the research paper radiogenic argon has escaped, then more K40 must have decayed than we think -- enough to produce what we did find plus what escaped.
If more K40 has decayed than we think, then it’s been decaying longer than we think, so the mineral must be older than we think. In other words, a mineral that has lost argon will be older than the result we get says it is. In the other direction, if excess argon has gotten into the mineral, it will be younger than the essay princess bride result we get says it is. An isochron dating method ( isochron dating is described in the next section) can also be applied to potassium-argon dating under certain very specific circumstances. When isochron dating can be used, the result is a much more accurate date. Method 4: Rubidium-Strontium Dating. Yet a fourth method, rubidium-strontium dating, is lenar yessayan even better than potassium-argon dating for old rocks. The nuclide rubidium-87 (Rb87) decays to strontium-87 (Sr87) with a half-life of 47 billion years. Strontium occurs naturally as a mixture of several nuclides. If three minerals form at bride the same time in different regions of rushessay essay, a magma chamber, they will have identical ratios of the different strontium nuclides. (Remember, chemical processes can’t differentiate between nuclides). The total amount of essay on the princess, strontium might be different in lenar the different minerals, but the ratios will be the same.
Now, suppose that one mineral has a lot of Rb87, another has very little, and the third has an in-between amount. That means that when the essay minerals crystallize there is a fixed ratio of Rb87:Sr87. As time goes on, atoms of Rb87 decay to Sr-87, resulting in a change in the Rb87:Sr87 ratio, and also in a change in the ratio of english literature long, Sr87 to on the princess other nuclides of strontium. The decrease in the Rb87:Sr87 ratio is help me to do my exactly matched by the gain of Sr87 in the strontium-nuclide ratio. It has to princess bride be -- the two sides of the equation must balance.
If we plot the change in the two ratios for these three minerals, the rushessay essay resulting graph comes out as a straight line with an ascending slope. This line is bride called an isochron . The line’s slope then translates directly into a figure for the age of the rock that contains the different minerals. The power of the Rb/Sr dating method is enormous, for it provides multiple independent ways of verifying the accuracy of the isochron . When every one of four or five different minerals from the same igneous formation matches the isochron perfectly, it can safely be said that the isochron is of manchester literature correct beyond a reasonable doubt. Contaminated or otherwise bad samples stand out like a lighthouse beacon, because they don’t show a good isochron line. There are numerous other radiometric dating methods: the on the princess samarium-neodymium, lutetium-hafnium, rhenium-osmium, and lead isochron methods just to rushessay essay name a few. However, I simply haven’t time or room to deal with all of them. For further information on all methods of radiometric dating, please refer to Gunter Faure’s textbook PRINCIPLES OF ISOTOPE GEOLOGY. A full cite for this book is given in essay princess the bibliography. III . Possible Sources of Error. Now, why is all this relevant to the creation-vs.-evolution debate? Every method of radiometric dating ever used points to an ancient age for the Earth.
For creationists to destroy the old-Earth theory, they must destroy the credibility of radiometric dating. They have two ways to do this. They can criticize the science that radiometric dating is against based on, or they can claim sloppy technique and experimental error in the laboratory analyses of radioactivity levels and nuclide ratios. Option 1: Criticize the Theory. Is there any way to criticize the princess theory of radiometric dating? Well, look back at the axioms of radiometric dating methods. Are any of those open to question. Rushessay Essay! Answer: yes, two of them are.
Or at least, they seem to be. Do we know, for a fact, that half-lives are constant (axiom 1)? Do we know for a fact that nuclide ratios are constant (axiom 2)? Regarding the first question: There are sound theoretical reasons for accept- ing the constancy of nuclide half-lives, but the reasons are based in princess bride the remote and esoteric reaches of me to research paper, quantum mechanics, and I don’t intend to princess get into that in this article. The American Dream Essays On Charles Bukowski! However, if all we had were theoretical reasons for believing axiom 1, we would be right to be suspicious of it. Do we have observational evidence? The answer is yes. On several occasions, astronomers have been able to analyze the essay on the radiation produced by supernovas. In a supernova, the me to research vast amount of energy released creates every known nuclide via atomic fusion and fission. Some of these nuclides are radioactive. We can detect the presence of the various nuclides by spectrographic analysis of the supernova’s radiation.
We can also detect the characteristic radiation signatures of radioactive decay in those nuclides. We can use that information to calculate the half-lives of those nuclides. In every case where this has been done, the measured radiation intensity and the calculated half-life of the essay princess nuclide from the rushessay essay supernova matches extremely well with measurements of that nuclide made here on Earth. Now, because light travels at a fixed rate (a bit under 300,000 kilometers per second), and because stars are so far away, when we look at a distant star we’re seeing it as it was when that light left it and headed this way. When we look at a star in the Andromeda Galaxy, 2,700,000 light-years away, we’re seeing that star as it was 2,700,000 years ago. Essay Princess Bride! And when we look at yessayan a supernova in the Andromeda Galaxy, 2,700,000 years old, we see nuclides with the exact same half-lives as we see here on Earth. Not just one or two nuclides, but many. For these measurements to on the bride all be consistently wrong in exactly the same way, most scientists feel, is beyond the realm of possibility. What about nuclide ratios? Are they indeed constant? Well, let’s think about it: Minerals form by recognized chemical processes that depend on the chemical activity of the elements involved.
The chemical behavior of an university of manchester english literature essay element depends on its size and the number of essay on the princess, electrons in its outer shell. This is the foundation of the periodic table of the elements, a basic part of chemistry that has stood without challenge for a hundred and fifty years. The shell structure depends only on life, the number of electrons the princess nuclide has, which is the same as the number of literary, protons in its nucleus. So the shell structure doesn’t change between different nuclides of the same element. K39 is chemically identical to K40; the only way we can distinguish between them is to use a nonchemical technique like mass spectrometry. (Note: It’s true that some natural processes favor some isotopes over others. Water molecules containing oxygen-16 are lighter and therefore evaporate faster than water molecules with oxygen-18.
However, as far as is known such fractionation occurs only with light nuclides: oxygen, hydrogen, carbon. The atoms used in radiometric dating techniques are mainly heavy atoms, so we can still use the axiom that mineral-forming processes can’t distinguish between different nuclides.) So the essay on the bride processes that are involved in mineral formation can’t distinguish between nuclides. Sr86 atoms and thesis literary, Sr87 atoms behave identically when they bond with other atoms to form a mineral molecule. If there are ten Sr86 atoms for princess, every Sr87 atom in literary writing the original magma melt, there will be ten Sr86 atoms for every Sr87 atom in essay on the bride the minerals that crystallize from that melt.
Option 2: Criticize the Techniques. So, we’ve seen that radiometric dating techniques are built on a sound theoretical basis. Me To Do My Research! The only other possible source of error is in laboratory technique. To translate theory into useful measurements, the lab procedures must be accurate. A contaminated rock sample is useless for dating. A sample that is essay bride taken from the against the american essays bukowski surface, where atoms could get in and out easily, is also useless.
Samples must be taken by essay on the princess, coring, from deep within a rock mass. To date a rock, chemists must break it down into its component elements using any of several methods, then analyze nuclide ratios using a mass spectrometer. University Of Manchester Essay! If the essay bride lab technique is sloppy, the date produced isn’t reliable. There’s no way to child review eliminate the possibility of error. It can’t be done. Mistakes can always happen -- Murphy’s Law rules in science as much as in any other field of human endeavor. Princess Bride! (For those who have never encountered it, Murphy’s Law is the simple rule that in any field of human endeavor, anything that can go wrong will go wrong.) But we can try to minimize error. And when we do, the dates produced can be accepted as accurate. English Essay! When samples taken from different parts of a given igneous rock formation are dated by different people at different labs over many years, the possibility that all those measurements could be wrong is vanishingly small.
Some may well be wrong. If nine analyses agree, and princess, a tenth produces radically different results, the odd-man-out is usually considered a result of some kind of error and discarded. If the do my research researcher doing the work can find and document a specific problem in analysis that could produce precisely that observed wrong result, then it’s virtually certain the odd-man-out is an error. On The Bride! A 90% success ratio in a technique that requires such delicate, accurate work is very impressive. And some radiometric techniques have a much better success ratio than that. In any case, while it’s true that there are numerous possible sources of long, error, there is no source of error that could account for the enormous difference between the 6000-year age demanded by young-Earth creationists and the 3.5-billion-year radiometric age for the oldest known rocks on Earth. Essay On The Princess! It’s completely illogical to think that these techniques could be wrong by do my paper, that much. Creationist objections to radiometric dating techniques basically fall into three categories: 1) Creationists often claim that radiometric dates are unreliable because the entire theory is based on invalid assumptions. We’ve already seen that this doesn’t hold up under examination.
The assumptions that are used in radiometric dating techniques are perfectly justified given current physics. 2) Creationist geologists compile long lists of dates obtained by radiometric techniques that deviate widely from the essay princess bride normally accepted values. Creationist geologist John Woodmorappe is the rushessay essay best known of the essay princess creationists who attempt this approach. Writing! He’s compiled a list of essay, several hundred radiometric dates that are widely divergent from the values accepted by conventional geology. Based on child council review, this, he claims that radiometric dating methods don't produce consistent results, that geologists conceal radiometric dates which don't match what's expected, and that therefore the whole methodology of on the princess bride, radiometric dating is worthless.
In general, such claims are revealed as flawed by what they don’t say more than by what they do say. In an article for the creationist journal Creation Science Research Quarterly , Woodmorappe listed 350-odd aberrant dates, and claimed that there are many, many more. What he did not say is that those 350 were winnowed out of thesis writing, tens of thousands of radiometric dates which do give more reasonable results. If we run dating tests on 500 samples and 350 (70% of the total tests) are scattered all over the place, with only a few anywhere near the essay expected values, then we clearly have a serious problem. But if we run dating tests on 10,000 samples and get 350 aberrant results (3.5% of the total), that could easily be simple experimental error. If we test fifty samples from the same rock formation and we get 2 ages of 1 million years, 2 ages of 500 million years, and 46 ages all clustered around 175 million years, it’s not a great leap of logic to conclude that the 4 aberrant results were in error, and university of manchester english literature essay, the 46 clustered results are probably correct. 3) Some creationists produce radiometric dates of their own that show that radiometric dating produces illogical, contradictory results. A classic example of this tactic is a claim by princess bride, creationist geologist Steve Austin that rocks taken from Recent lava flows on the Uinkaret Plateau at child review the top of the Grand Canyon produce older dates than rocks taken from the bottom of the canyon, when both samples are dated using the on the bride Rb87/Sr87 isochron method. This appears to be a serious blow against the Rb/Sr isochron technique, but in university english literature long his article A Criticism of ICR's Grand Canyon Dating Project, Chris Stassen points out on the princess, that Austin made a critical error in his work.
The samples he took from the Plateau are from different rock formations. For any type of radiometric dating to work properly, all samples must come from the same formation. So it’s not surprising that Austin ’s results make no sense. We’re still not done, though. If all we had was the literary writing radiometric techniques that I’ve described, there would remain a possibility (a miniscule one, but a real possibility nonetheless) that the entire idea is grievously wrong, that some as-yet-undetected factor is essay princess throwing off all the rushessay essay hundreds and thousands of radiometric dates that have been produced based on essay on the, rock samples from all around Earth and even beyond it. But we have more than that.
We have several methods completely unrelated to life council coursework review radioactivity which serve as independent checks on the radiometric dating techniques. For example, in essay princess 1838, the American geologist James Dwight Dana made a systematic survey of the Hawaiian Islands . He noted that the islands become more heavily eroded as you move from Hawaii toward the northwest. He interpreted this to mean that the islands become older as you move northwest along the chain. When rock samples were taken from the Hawaiian Islands and dated radiometrically , they agreed with Dana’s conclusions of over thesis literary a century before. The islands do indeed become older as you move northwest. And the degree of on the princess, erosion corresponds roughly with the child life council coursework review radiometric dates. No island in essay princess the chain is dated as being significantly older than the erosion rate implies, nor is any island in the chain dated as being significantly younger than the erosion rate indicates.
Both modern corals and fossil corals deposit daily and do my research, annual growth bands. Essay Princess! By careful analysis of these bands, we can tell how many days there were in a year when the coral was growing. For modern corals, this technique yields 365 day-bands per year, more or less, just as it should. For corals that grew in formations identified as Early Devonian, the technique shows a little over 400 day-bands per year. Astronomers can measure the thesis literary writing rate at which Earth’s rotation is slowing. Assuming the essay on the princess bride rate of slowing has remained constant, a day-count of 400 days per year indicates an age of roughly 400 million years. And when Early Devonian rocks are dated radiometrically , we get dates of roughly 400 million years.
Yet another cross-check on radiometric dating is provided by plate tectonics. The plates that form the Earth’s surface are moving at a measurable rate. There are several ways of measuring this movement that themselves have nothing to do with radiometric dating. The plate that forms the Pacific Ocean basin is literature long essay moving northwest at on the at a known rate. Geologists generally accept that the Hawaiian Islands have been formed by upwelling of magma from writing a ‘hot spot’ in the Earth’s mantle, below the seafloor. The Pacific Plate is on the princess bride moving; the hot spot remains fixed; and the result is a series of of manchester english literature long essay, volcanic islands growing upward over the hot spot. Between Hawaii and Midway Island (2400km northwest of Hawaii ) are some thirty volcanoes, active and extinct. Many of essay on the bride, these volcanoes have had lava flows dated by the potassium-argon method. In all these cases, the radiometric date agrees substantially with the date derived from extrapolation of plate motion. Particularly striking is the correlation for Midway Island itself. Council! By drift rate it should be about 27 million years old.
By K- Ar dating, the volcanic rock that forms Midway's core is essay on the princess 27.7 million years old. Two other island chains that are located over Pacific Plate hot spots show substantially similar patterns of motion to the Hawaiian Islands . They both correlate well with other measurements of the university essay Pacific Plate’s motion. Essay Bride! And their radiometric dates match as well. Three independent methods of dating these islands, and lenar yessayan md, they all agree within acceptable ranges of error. What are the chances of all three being wrong in such ways as to on the produce the same wrong answer?
There’s no way to child calculate them, but I’d say they’re so miniscule that you’d have better odds of bride, hitting the state lottery five times in a row. One more example, just to wrap things up. In the late sixties, two geologists identified a specific reversal of the Earth’s magnetic field using the rocks in Olduvai Gorge in Africa . ( Olduvai Gorge is famous as one of the best sites in the world for early hominid fossils.) They called this reversal the against dream essays bukowski Olduvai Event. A few years later, another geologist, Neil Opdyke , was taking samples of sea-floor rock and found that he could identify the Olduvai Event in his cores. Sea-floor sediments often preserve evidence of magnetic field reversals. After carefully analyzing the sedimentation rates in his cores, Opdyke concluded that the Olduvai Event had spanned a period from roughly 1.85 million to about 1.5 million years ago.
Obtaining radiometric dates from Olduvai Gorge is difficult for several reasons, but one of the few dates that’s considered solid comes from essay princess bride a specific layer of volcanic tuff called ‘Tuff 1B’. This tuff occurs near the bottom of the Olduvai Event. It was dated in 1959 using the potassium-argon method. The date produced was approximately 1.8 million years ago. Far from being rickety constructs full of yessayan, sources of error and unproven assumptions, radiometric dating techniques are actually on a very sound theoretical and procedural basis.
To destroy that basis, creationists would have to essay on the princess bride destroy much of chemistry and a lot of atomic physics too. The periodic table is the bedrock on which modern chemistry is rushessay essay built. The constancy of the velocity of light is a basic axiom of Einstein’s theories of relativity, theories which have passed every test physicists could devise. The constancy of radioactive decay rates follows from quantum mechanics, which has also passed every test physicists can create. In short, everything we know in chemistry and in physics points to radiometric dating as being a viable and valuable method of calculating the ages of igneous and metamorphosed igneous rocks. To question it seems to be beyond the essay on the bride bounds of reason. To charge thousands of thesis writing, chemists all over the world with mass incompetence also seems to be beyond the bounds of on the, reason. Radiometric dating has been used ever more widely for the past forty years. The dates produced have gotten steadily more precise as lab techniques and instrumentation has been improved. There is simply no logical reason to child life council coursework review throw this entire field of science out the window.
There is no reason to essay bride believe the theory is faulty, or to believe that thousands of different chemists could be so consistently wrong in the face of every conceivable test. Further, radiometric dates can be checked by other dating techniques. Of Manchester! When they are, the princess dates almost always agree within the range of expected error. In cases where the dates don’t agree, it’s always been found that some natural factor was present which selectively affected one or the other dating method being used. Creationists are forced to challenge radiometric dating because it stands as the rushessay essay most powerful and most damning evidence against their idea of a young Earth.
But in essay on the the end, they are reduced to saying that radiometric dating must be wrong, because we know it happened this way. And that is not a scientific position. If theory says it happened this way and evidence says it happened that way, theory must be revised to fit the rushessay essay evidence. Creationists won’t do that. That reveals creation ‘science’ to be a sham, and not any kind of science at all. Information on the nature of essay on the princess bride, atoms, half-lives, and types of radioactive decay was taken from ATOM : Journey Across the Subatomic Cosmos, by Isaac Asimov (c. Against Dream Essays! Nightfall, Inc., 1991). Information on on the, radiometric dating techniques comes from against a variety of sources, including the Asimov book cited above, and these: PRINCIPLES OF ISOTOPE GEOLOGY, 2nd Ed. c. John Wiley Sons, 1986.
EARTH THEN AND NOW , 2nd Ed. Carla W. Montgomery and essay princess bride, David Dathe. c. Wm C. Brown, Publishers, 1994. Scientific Creationism vs. Against Dream Bukowski! Evolution: The Mislabeled Debate Kenneth R. Miller. Essay in SCIENCE AND CREATIONISM. Edited by essay princess bride, Ashley Montagu.
c. Oxford Press, 1984. (This essay contains an life coursework review excellent explanation of the rubidium-strontium isochron dating method.) GROLIER’S ACADEMIC AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIA, 1994 ed. Articles on Carbon-14, Radiometric Dating, and essay bride, related subjects. Multimedia CD-ROM distributed by Grolier Electronic Publishing.
Information on creationist critiques of radiometric dating, and the flaws in the american dream on charles those critiques, comes primarily from these sources: The Unreliability of essay on the princess bride, Radiometric Dating Uploaded to CompuServe’s Dinosaur/Paleontology Forum Library 13 as JDATIN. TXT. Evaluation of ICR Grand Canyon Research Project. This paper is available on the World Wide Web at the talk.origins FAQ Archive, File uploaded to CompuServe Religion Forum. (Note: Glenn Morton is an old-Earth creationist, not an evolutionist. I’m using him as a source because his criticisms of Woodmorappe’s claim are quite valid regardless of his personal position.) Information on the independent cross-checks for radiometric dates comes mainly from these sources:
On the Hawaiian Islands chain: ‘The Evolution of the Pacific’ Heezen , Bruce and MacGregor , Ian. c. SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, Nov. 1973. Reprinted in CONTINENTS ADRIFT AND CONTINENTS AGROUND, Scientific American Press, 1976. On the rushessay essay Olduvai Event: LUCY ’S CHILD: The Discovery of a Human Ancestor.
Donald Johanson and bride, James Shreeves. c. 1989, Wm Morrow and Company, Inc. On the length of the year as shown by coral growth patterns: A TRIP THROUGH TIME: Principles of Historical Geology, 2nd Ed . John Cooper, Richard Miller, and Jacqueline Patterson. c. Merrill Publishing, 1990. A Calendar in the Coral, pp. 307-8.
These sources are supplemented by references in other books, numerous threads on several CompuServe forums, and help me to do my, other papers and articles downloaded from CompuServe and essay on the, the World Wide Web.
Write my essay for me with Professional Academic Writers -
Essay the princess bride
Free Security and Peak Oil Theory Essay Sample. Peak oil is a concept that connotes the maximum amount of oil that can be produced from any given region or area considering that oil is essay bride a limited resource which can be exhausted. When talking about security in matters concerning peak oil, it basically means energy security. Energy security therefore means having enough oil to fulfil energy needs of a country, region, or the globe. Peak oil as well as the rate of dependence on oil in the american dream on charles the world both affects energy security. Currently, 40 per essay princess bride cent of the world’s energy needs are dependent on university english oil. This figure is even higher in the transportation sector where the world’s energy needs rises to 70 percent as far as the use of oil products such as diesel, petrol, and natural gas are concerned.
As the world’s oil needs remain high, various surveys show a decline in energy reserves. Essay On The? For instance, according to a 2010 geological survey done in Alaska, there is a drop of 90% in help research paper this national reserve of unexploited oil. Currently, there are 896 million barrels which is drop from the on the, 10.6 billion barrels reported in 2002. Yessayan? This scenario paints a gloomy picture of U.S’s peak oil situation hence emphasizing for essay on the the needs for policy makers to come up with strategies of catering for energy needs in situations of research peak oil and after peak oil. There is need to look at ways of conservational use of oil energy and reduction the essay on the bride, world’s rate of dependence on oil energy. This is important so as to avoid a scenario where the world is caught unawares by declined oil reserves in child life council the near future. Peak oil is a very precarious situation and although it is still not clear whether it will occur in the coming future, there is no doubt that it will pose serious security threats in case it occurs. To further complicate matters, although the International Energy Agency (IEA) has been mandated with the bride, role of control world energy, it has been accused of being apparently helpless to carry out this mandate. In case of occurrence of peak oil, there is little confidence that this energy body can help cushion the help do my research, world from the pangs of such a crisis or much better, prevent such a crisis from occurring. Peak oil can affect energy security through various threats.
It can lead to a rise in essay oil prices as a result of limited supply and dream on charles increasing demand. With various emerging economies such as China, India, and Brazil which are consuming increasing amounts of oil energy, oil prices could get out of control. China and the U.S for instance are the largest consumer of oil products and on the bride their increasing dependency on oil products can a spell a disaster for developing economies in the event of peak oil as they consume the against on charles, little oil reserves that are available. Another security threat that can occur in cases of essay princess bride peak oil is that as the prices of oil increases due to limited supply, increased insecurity is likely to occur especially in the oil producing countries. Criminal gangs, rebels groups, and university of manchester english literature long terrorist groups, will be fighting to get control of the essay, oil fields and this can culminate into unending insecurity and political instability in lenar yessayan these countries. This means that mining of the oil will be a dangerous affair which will further aggravate the limited supply that is already in place.
As oil becomes scarce, terrorist groups could use it as sabotage tool as well as a tool to push their own agendas. They could do this by targeting oil transportation infrastructures knowing that cutting supply can make people listen to their demands. Oil producing states can also turn into rogue states where they arm twist other economies by threatening to cut supply until their selfish demands are met. On The Princess Bride? Those likely to suffer the most are developing economies that lack the political muscle to help me to do my, protect their own interests. The uneven distribution of essay bride oil due to limited demand could mean that developing economies would only barely get their hands on the commodity. To sum it all, peak oil can serious put at risk world peace.
It is therefore an dream on charles bukowski, issue that requires attention from the policy makers who should put strategies in place prevent it from occurring. There should be more emphasis on making machines energy efficient, investing in princess renewable energy technologies, and looking for alternative sources of energy other than oil. International Economic Organizations. Economic organizations were formed in order to provide a globalized platform on understanding and promoting trade, social rights, and stabilization of polices. They were created with the idea of unprofitably helping countries worst affected in the area of international trade, social rights, and poor policies. The goal was to enable marginalized countries to participate equally in thesis literary globalization. Mandate of International Economic Organizations. International economic organizations are preoccupied with various roles and their influence has grown to be very strong in carrying out these roles. They are involved in maintaining international peace and security. The main organization mandated with this role is the United Nations which not only deals with conflict resolution and peace maintenance but also promotes human rights, improved livelihoods, social development, and environmental conservation.
It is not however a guarantee that the UN carries out these mandates comprehensively and effectively. A good example is the 1994 Rwanda genocide where close to 800,000 people were killed with no intervention from the UN. International economic organizations are also tasked with the promotion of international trade. The World Trade organization is the main world body that carries out this mandate as it is essay on the bride involved in harmonizing trade between various countries to rushessay essay, in order to promote equality and fairness among member states. On The? Despite this, the WTO has been accused of against dream on charles unfairly promoting the interests of developed countries while back tracking on promoting the participation of third world countries in international trade. Another mandate of international economic organizations is to provide humanitarian aid to countries that are undergoing various calamities such as war, floods, drought, and earth quakes among others. On The Princess Bride? They also provide funding for life review various projects in various countries through provision of loans. A good example is the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund which provide economic stimulus loans and essay on the funding for projects in various countries. International Economic Organizations and role played by American in their Formation. The US played a crucial role in determining the rushessay essay, role, structure, and location of international economic organizations such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Although these organizations are designed to be independent, the US has a big influence over them given that they had a third of the votes leading to their formation.
These institutions were somewhat created to enforce the US foreign policy although it can also be argued that they have some independence given their global appeal, influence, and essay on the legitimacy compared any other US state agencies. Although the US has some influence over university of manchester english literature, these institutions, there are other key and powerful member states that helped design the rules these institutions abide by and as such, the US is sometimes forced to play along with the decisions of these institutions whether or not they serve their own interests. Liberal Approach to Development. Liberal approach to development is a concept that advocates for free trade and open markets as well as the growth of the private sector. The concept realizes and emphasizes the potential of private sector in maximizing the economic and development of countries. It underscores the need to privatize and contract government services to the private sector without any interference from the government. It considers this as important in improving a country’s economy as well as building a more efficient government. Policy of Liberal Approach To Development. This policy is carried through by transnational corporations and international financial institutions such as the princess bride, United Nations, World Trade Organization, World Bank, and the International Monetary fund. Governments whose economies are crisis can greatly benefit from aid from these institutions.
With this kind of provision, governments can greatly cater from deficits in thesis the education, health or infrastructure sectors. The application of facial policy is geared to play a very effective role development of essay princess nations. The American Dream Essays On Charles? It is advisable that governments should acquire deficits that can only be paid back comfortably and that cannot lead to longer term consequences on princess the economy. This is because, high deficits exerts a heavy burden on me to paper the economy leading to essay princess bride, higher inflation and lenar low production. They should only be used when it is absolutely necessary and as a last resort for essay bride stabilization of the economy. With tax reform, it is expected that higher efficiency and me to do my research innovation will arise and as such, governments are advised to lower taxes on goods imported from other countries that they are not in trade agreements with.
Currently there is a major influence by western countries on the way developing countries perceive development and princess power. This should change with the developing countries also being given an opportunity to define and university english literature long identify their own goals leading to their own understanding of development. The rise in princess bride population has been cited as one of the major causes of the american essays on charles depletion of the environment and the natural resources as the world consumption and production increases. However, there is an advantage in the fact that there is liberalization of trade, facilitation of foreign investment, and essay on the princess abolishment of controls in imports and exports. Such policies are important in integrating world markets and facilitating import led consumption and export led production. Liberal trade emphasizes on limited interference of the state in the market and rushessay essay maximum influence of market forces. Since the market is a platform for social mobility as well as wealth distribution, there is need to develop mechanism which can regulate market forces and ensure that even those that are the most disadvantaged and deprived also benefit from the market. Transparency and accountability as well as equal participation should be promoted in on the the market for help me to effective results.
Power should be bestowed on the people to champion for their own common interests. Development should be exercised democratically through social capital generated from civic networks that are based on essay on the princess bride reciprocity and that enable institutions to deliver more efficiently. To conclude, a liberal approach to development gives more credence to the people by being sensitive to their needs. It also gives countries a platform to form and maintain good trading relationships. Since it is a new approach to development, there are many challenges to this development approach in the market and university of manchester long essay as such, determination and discipline are important for success. Religion and its Relation to Nationalism. Religion is basically a set of culturally accepted belief structures that are practised by various factions or groups of essay on the princess people in accordance with their spiritual faith or spiritual orientation. Research Paper? Nationalism on the other hand refers to a feeling of belonging that people have toward a given country in which reside by princess bride, virtue of choice or birth. A nation is geographically defined territory whose people are of the same origin in terms of ethno-cultural identity and political paradigm. A state is a recognizable political governance structure that is mandated with sovereignty to rule and protect its own citizens. The interconnection between religion and nationalism is not a new concept and has led to the development of the concept of me to paper religious nationalism.
It is a concept which shows the relationship between a people’s way of belief manifested in their religion and their nationalism. Religious nationalism is best demonstrated in Middle East states which are predominantly Islamic such as Iran and Pakistan. In these countries, Islamic doctrines influence major decisions when it comes to operations of these states. The culture of brotherhood is promoted by on the, Islam hence leading to promotion of Islamic nationalism in these countries. Yessayan Md? The Islamic nationalism has dampened the war on terror as the terrorist cite this as a war on on the princess bride Islam. The terrorists use Islam concept such as ‘Jihadism’ to evoke retaliation and war on perceived enemies which are mostly western imperialists. Due to the Islamic nationalism, they easily garner support from other Islamic extremists. This is just an example of the negative effects of yessayan md religious nationalism. Essay Princess? It can have both negative and positive effects in states that ascribe to this concept. Life Council Coursework Review? On the positive side, religious nationalism forges unity in a state where various internal influences like economic disparities would have led to conflict. Legislation in western states as well as matters to do with the law are largely influenced by Christian values although it suffices to say that secularism also plays a bigger role especially in recent times.
Religious doctrines such as neighbour love, do not steal, among others are important in maintaining of peace and order in these countries. Religious nationalism was much at play in essay bride the wars of the Catholics verses the Protestant which took place in the 16 th and 17 th century. In recent times, the end of colonialism in Middle East led to the rise of religious sentiment which saw the Middle East perceive the Christian colonialists as undermining Islam and to blame for social and economic problems affecting them. Since the colonial days, the rise of religious extremism in the Middle East has been phenomenal with its followers killing in life coursework review Allah’s name. Islamic religious extremism have hijacked religious nationalism and used it for negative purposes. Because of on the bride religious nationalism, Pakistan and India separated and are occasionally embroiled in conflict. Major difference between western countries and the Middle East is that in former, the church is separated from the state while in the former, the church influences the of manchester english, operations of the state. While these has led to independence of the princess bride, state and economic growth in the western countries, it has led to lacklustre economic development of the Islam states as various barriers are exercised such as denial of women from working or from other types of work and contributing to the development of the rushessay essay, economy. Green Policies on Contemporary Ecological Thought. Ecological crisis is one of the essay on the princess, major problems in the world with various types of pollution and depletion of the environment causes the against the american, death or extinction of ecologies.
In capitalist nations, the problem is even worse as the on the bride, focus is coursework fixated on on the bride profit rather than the ecological conservation. For instance, a producer of a very profitable product may continue with operations and greatly benefit the government which in turn belittles and turns a blind eye to toxins the producer is releasing into water bodies hence posing a danger to university of manchester english, life forms that depend on these ecologies. Personally, I believe that in the long term such mistakes will costs us more and it therefore very important to emphasize on appropriate disposal or treatment of on the industrial wastes. There is a need for massive campaigns on the importance of environment conservation so that people can become more sensitive to this subject. Once people are well sensitized, governments will be forced to listen and treat this as a priority. It is encouraging to rushessay essay, note that the concept of ecological awareness is essay on the bride taking root in capitalist nations. There is rising emphasis on clean energy with things like solar housing as well as organic markets being embraced. People are now forming living arrangements that foster eco friendliness. There seems to lenar, be an obsession by corporations in on the promoting and observing conservation of the environment. The concept of corporate environmentalism has arisen and embraced by many corporate organizations. According to Wallis, a major connect that ecosocialist have not internalised in against the american essays on charles the perception of nature as a commodity.
Ideas have been floated that the best way to conserve the environment is to preserve it untouched. This means that nature and the ecology system have been given a cash value where individuals have ownership rights to as they wish with the part they ‘own.’ This creates a scenario where the survival of species is at the mercy of those who have the on the bride, financial capability to lenar, carry out activities that are not eco friendly. The problem is even worse when the ecosystem is bride something so many people dependent on such as water. In this respect, Wallis outlines three requirements for a green economy and they include an end to militarism and imperialism, cultural convictions and help me to do my research transformations about what economic and social activities make up a good life, and lastly high tech solutions to toxic trash. The need to essay on the princess, contain toxic industrial wastes should be the number one priority of a producer as well as the need to protect and conserve vital resources. The military should also not be left behind and should be encouraged to be more environment conscious and avoid the use of toxic substances such as the dioxin they used in Vietnam. It is worth acknowledging that while these ideas seem difficult to implement, patience and determination can make a difference in their achievement. A god example of child council coursework review a country that took determined steps in this direction is Cuba which in 1990’s suffered a short fall in supply of oil and chemical fertilizer but acted on this by massively importing bicycles for transportation and organic manure for farming.
Its reforestation program is today held as an essay on the princess bride, environmental model.