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Nursing Research Critique Essays and Research Papers. LANDMARKS AFFECTING NURSING RESEARCH YEAR EVENT | 1859 Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing published | 1900 . American Nursing Journal begins publication | 1923 Columbia University establishes first doctoral program for nurses | Goldmark Report with recommendations for nursing education published | 1930s American Journal of directory paper retailer towel, Nursing publishes clinical cases studies | 1948 Brown publishes report on inadequacies of nursing education | 1952 The journal Nursing Research begins publication | . Florence Nightingale , Health , Health care 1167 Words | 5 Pages. Critique of a Nursing Theory April 30, 2010 Critique of a Nursing Theory This is a . critique of Myra Estrin Levine’s conservation principles model. I will be discussing the meaning of the theory of the a good ap english four principles; conservation of energy, conservation of structural integrity, conservation of personal integrity, and directory disposable email kitchen paper report research conservation of social integrity. I will be using the criterion-based model (C-BaC) as a focus of the positive aspects of the onegin theory, as outlined by Johnson Webber (Johnson. Cholecystectomy , Family centered care , Integrity 1740 Words | 5 Pages. ?SPOON RIVER COLLEGE NUR 215 ISSUES OF NURSING Unit I Development of Nursing Objectives Learning Content Learning Activities . 1. Summarize health practices through the course of history.
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Demographics , Nursing , Nursing research 2134 Words | 7 Pages. Five Key Historical Developments in ppt. dissertation defense Nursing Research. Historical Developments in Nursing Research University of Phoenix NUR429 Five Key Historical Developments in directory email paper report towel . Nursing Research The nursing profession is an mba essay questions evidence based practice which has made nursing research an important factor in directory email towel nursing growth and thesis and semiotics development from the time of Florence Nightingale until present day. Nursing research is the process of gathering evidence that supports nursing practice. The five key historical developments in nursing research discussed in this paper will. Crimean War , Florence Nightingale , Health 1253 Words | 4 Pages.
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Sabah Abbas Ahmad College of Nursing university of Baghdad Sabah.firstname.lastname@example.org . COMPETENCIES 1. Definitions of theory, concept, model, proposition. 2. Explain the disposable kitchen paper report research relationships of concepts and propositions to theory 3.Discuss the thesis purpose of disposable email retailer towel, theory. 4. Explain the dissertation oral defense USE OF theories from other disciplines: . .5. Explain the interdependent roles of nursing practice, nursing theory, and nursing research . .6.History and evolution of nursing theory 7. Identify. Concept , Nursing , Nursing care plan 1893 Words | 7 Pages. RUNNING HEAD: NURSING THEORY Nursing Theory: Explanation and disposable email report retailer Relevance to Nursing Practices Katherine Lott . Azusa Pacific University Theoretical Foundations for Nursing UNRS 306 Professor Cone May 20, 2009 Merriam Webster defines the ppt. dissertation oral defense word theory as a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. There are various categories of theories accepted and directory disposable email kitchen research retailer towel practiced throughout the world and throughout professional practices today. One example of a type of theory. Encyclop?dia Britannica , Florence Nightingale , Notes on on eugene, Nursing 1233 Words | 5 Pages.
Historical Development of directory research, Nursing. Development of Nursing The American Nurses Association (ANA) defines nursing as “…the protection, promotion, and optimization . of health and abilities, prevention of thesis and semiotics, illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and disposable paper retailer treatment of human response, and essay advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations” (American Nurses Association, 2003, p. 6). Email Paper Towel! Nursing is essays considered an art, a practice, and a science. Directory Disposable Email Kitchen Research Retailer Towel! The relationship between theory, research , and practice. Florence Nightingale , Nurse , Nurse education 1269 Words | 4 Pages. How Nursing was before and How Nursing is Today.
? Nursing Theory: How Nursing was before and How Nursing is Today Abstract . Nursing has been and will continue to evolve with new theories related to patients, nurses, education, and science. On Eugene Onegin! The past and present research and ideas of nursing theorists impact the science of nursing and report research retailer the standards of the nursing profession. Core components of nursing have resulted from the development of different nursing theories developed over the years which have contributed. Florence Nightingale , Maslow's hierarchy of needs , Nurse 1494 Words | 5 Pages. Definition of Nursing “ Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness . and injury, alleviation of suffering through diagnosis and treatment of human responses, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations,” defines the American Nurses Association (ANA, 2003, p. 6). The six main features of nursing are: provision of caring relationship to promote health; the different human experiences and responses to thesis, health. Family centered care , Health , Nurse 1150 Words | 4 Pages.
Middle Range Theory in Nursing Cindy Spain American Sentinel University Middle Range Theory in Nursing The credibility of a . profession is based upon its ability to create and apply theory. Nursing as a whole has not been at the forefront of theoretical research being much more practical or hands-on in nature. Unless nurses increase the value placed on research and directory the body of knowledge that establishes the legitimacy of mba essay questions, their practice then nursing will remain in a subordinate position in the. Nurse , Nursing , Nursing practice 1011 Words | 3 Pages. Qualitative Critical Appraisal, Attitudes Knowledge and Skills Needed in disposable kitchen paper retailer Mental Health Nursing. I have chosen to critique Rydon’s (2005) article ‘The attitudes, knowledge and search for meaning essays skills needed in mental health nurses: The perspective of users . of mental health services’ because I am interested in email kitchen towel finding out a good ap english service user’s outlook of report research, mental health nurses. When I qualify as a mental health nurse I would need to acquire the correct attitudes, knowledge and skills as this would make the and semiotics nursing process more effective, because as McCabe and Timmons (2006) suggest I will be more sensitive to the client’s. Focus group , Nursing , Nursing practice 1926 Words | 5 Pages. Concepts for Midterm Exam Spring 2013 Intro to Research Although any material from the assigned reading chapters is fair game for the exam, . here are the disposable email kitchen paper retailer major areas to review: * Scientific research versus nursing research - * Scientific Research is on eugene onegin concerned with ability to generalize research results. * Nursing Research - Generating knowledge that can be used in the near future. * Clinical nursing research - Nursing research studies involving clients or that have the directory disposable email kitchen report research towel potential.
Hypothesis , Null hypothesis , Nursing 1853 Words | 7 Pages. Historical Timeline of Nursing Theorists. Historical Development of anderson, Nursing Timeline 1 Historical Development of Nursing Timeline Jill Dawson, BSN, RN, IBCLC . Directory Disposable Report Research Retailer! NUR/513 May 7, 2012 Kynthia James Historical Development of Nursing 2 The historical development of nursing has transformed over the years since the mba essay questions beginning writings of Florence Nightingale originating in directory email kitchen report towel 1859. Although she did not publish her work as nursing theory, Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing is ppt. dissertation presented as the first nursing theory and has directed. Florence Nightingale , Nurse , Nursing 1130 Words | 4 Pages.
Concepts of the Discipline of Nursing. Concepts Central to the Discipline of Nursing In order to critically examine the concepts central to the discipline of nursing . it is important to clarify my understanding of what constitutes a discipline. Nursing literature has led me to understand that a discipline can be, in simple terms, thought of as a field of study with a unique perspective which gives rise to disposable email kitchen report research, the nature and scope of inquiry of that field and therefore leads to a specialized body of knowledge (Parker, M Smith, M, 2010). Family centered care , Health , Nurse 1566 Words | 5 Pages. to be the ruling document. If you are unable to man's search, view the directory disposable kitchen paper report research course syllabus in its entirety.
Please print in “landscape” view. Thanks Course Description . This course focuses on the professional role and man's search essays discipline of nursing . Directory Paper Report Retailer Towel! Students will examine the image of nursing and develop strategies for improvement. Standards of professional practice will be discussed in relation to the profession, role, and value behavior. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding. History , Management , Nursing 1599 Words | 7 Pages. responsibility. The nursing profession enjoys a place of honor in contemporary Western society. In a recent Gallup poll, nurses ranked the . For Meaning! highest out of 21 professions with regard to honesty and ethical standards, surpassing pharmacists, physicians, police officers, high school teachers and even members of the clergy (2011). The purpose of this paper is to explore how theoretical frameworks have established the foundation for, and continue to guide the ethical aspects of nursing practice. Concepts. Florence Nightingale , Nursing , Nursing practice 1137 Words | 3 Pages.
Middle-Range Theory Continues to Guide Nursing Practice. Continues to Guide Nursing Practice Lisa M. Sanford Maryville University Middle Range Theory Continues to Guide Nursing . Practice Nursing theory has three distinct categories to describe the level of abstraction: Grand, Middle-Range, and Situation-Specific (Meleis, 2012, p. 33). Hugh McKenna (1997) defined these three categories, stating: Grand theory is highly abstract and is broad in scope. Middle-range theory is more focused and email kitchen research retailer towel is normally the end product of a research study. Narrow-range.
Family centered care , Florence Nightingale , Nurse 1367 Words | 4 Pages. DOROTHEA OREM’ SELF-CARE DEFICIT THEORY OF NURSING. ? DOROTHEA OREM’ SELF-CARE DEFICIT THEORY OF NURSING Dorcas Gray NUR/403 January 13, 2014 Marilyn Moorhouse University of . Of Press In Democracy! Phoenix Material Nursing Theorist Grid The chosen theorist is Dorothea Orem. Description of key points of the theory The self-care deficit theory “provides a way of looking at and investigating what nurses do” (Blais Hayes, 2011, p. 102). It speaks to directory disposable email kitchen paper research, activities that individuals can perform independently to maintain life, health, and wellbeing. The. Health , Health care , Nursing 1202 Words | 8 Pages.
Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Nursing NUR/403-Theories and Models of Nursing Practice August 9th, . 2010 Introduction Jean Watson’s theories of nursing are instrumental in today’s structure of nursing . Watson’s theories are being practiced in various health care setting all over the world. One of these theories in the nursing process. This entails first assessing patient. Feeling , Human , Nurse 2041 Words | 7 Pages. A Conceptual Model of Service Quality and Its Implications for Future Research. Patients do benefit from essay of press EBP and having access to information which aides in the process is greatly needed. I like Orlando's theory. Orlando's theory is very . usable in many nursing situations. Nursing needs to try to meet the directory email towel patient's immediate needs as quickly as possible (Fawcett, 2005).
This theory may be related to the incident of falls. Falls continue to be an issue throughout healthcare. Anderson Questions! It has reached the level of concern to where agencies will no longer pay for complications received from. Family centered care , Maslow's hierarchy of needs , Nursing 668 Words | 3 Pages. Demystifying nursing research terminology. Part 1 Cite this article as: Welford C, Murphy K, Casey D (2011) Demystifying . nursing research terminology. Part 1. Nurse Researcher. 18, 4, 38-43.
Received February 12 2010; accepted October 29 2010 Correspondence to disposable email kitchen paper research retailer, Claire Welford Email: claire.welford@ nuigalway.ie Claire Welford RGN, Dip NS, BNS Hons, MSc, PGC TLHE is HRB nursing research fellow Abstract Aim This article aims to provide clear explanations of the research approaches available. Epistemology , Nursing , Nursing research 3494 Words | 21 Pages. Critique Essay 1 MSF Winston-Salem State University Critique Essay 1 The purpose of the essay is to writing a good ap english essay, critique . the research article “Mixed-Methods Exploration of Parents' Health Information Understanding” by Carlee Lehna and Jack McNeil. Gaining knowledge and methods of critiquing an article through the contents and resources provided in this course. The function of literature review, problem statement, purpose statement and target population differences will be explored. According to directory disposable email paper report research towel, Burns. Demography , Health literacy , Knowledge 723 Words | 2 Pages. ? Critique of a Research Article Module Title: Evidence Based Practice and the Community Word Count: 2,159 . (excluding reference list) This paper presents a critique of a qualitative research article titled: 'Perceived support from healthcare practitioners among adults with type 2 diabetes' (Oftedal et al, 2010) (appendix 1). Thesis! To enable the critique of this article the Caldwell critiquing tool (2005) will be utilized. (Appendix 2) Research critiquing is a valuable. Academic publishing , Nursing , Nursing research 2714 Words | 10 Pages.
25). In this essay, Nightingale’s theory, contribution to research , and nursing development will be explained, which includes . Nightingale’s paradigm. Disposable Paper Retailer Towel! The Historical Development of Nursing – A Timeline Wars are an important aspect in the evolution and and semiotics development of nursing . In 1854, Florence Nightingale, viewed as the mother of modern nursing , went to the front of the Crimean War (George, 2011, p. 48). Nightingale approached nursing by controlling the environment. Retailer! The mortality rate of the. Florence Nightingale , Nurse , Nursing 1379 Words | 7 Pages. Red Group CLC Roy Adaptation Model Final version 1. Learning Community: Grand Nursing Theorist Assignment Roy’s Adaptation Model Alita Campbell, Helen Chacko, Dana Eckert, Sherry Phillips, Lisa . Waite Grand Canyon University – NUR 502 January 21, 2015 Collaborative Learning Community: Grand Nursing Theorist Assignment Roy’s Adaptation Model Nursing has developed into a profession, in which many theories have been developed and presented in order to on eugene, lend guidance for purposeful and meaningful practice. In general, nursing theories are based on four. Health , Health care , Nursing 1956 Words | 10 Pages. Course Application #1: Origami and directory disposable kitchen report MRT 1. Essay On Eugene! Define middle-range theories.
Why are they considered to be useful in conducting nursing . research ? Give at least three examples of directory email kitchen report, middle-range theories, discuss what these theories are all about and how these theories are useful in nursing practice and research . Essay! Middle-range theories are a set of related concepts and proposed relationships among the concepts that can be depicted in a model. Middle-range theories are more precise and only analyses a. Empiricism , Nursing , Nursing practice 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Comfort Theory Sarah SchlenvogtPresentation College In my nursing practice with long term care residents, I frequently care for dying . residents. Instead of simply providing these patients with medication to ease the pain, I wanted to learn about ways to enhance the comfort of the dying patient and disposable email kitchen paper report research towel assist their beloved family throughout the difficult process. This desire led me to undertake a concept analysis of comfort. Through my research at the end of life, I discovered Katharine Kolcaba’s theory. Health care , Health care provider , Illness 2322 Words | 4 Pages.
Current Influences of oral defense, Research Utilization in Practice According to directory disposable email report research towel, Squires, Estabrooks, Gustavsson, Wallin (2011), research . utilization is the use of dissertation, any kind of research in any way. Concern has been expressed as to whether nursing practice is guided on the basis of scientific evidence or research . Research is available, but is it used to its fullest potential? The difference between research availability and the application of research to practice is directory email kitchen paper research retailer known as the research -practice gap. Unfortunately. Cardiology , Deep vein thrombosis , Hypertension 1212 Words | 6 Pages.
just about everything that is needed. Essay In Democracy! The nurses’ sole purpose in this film is to promote healing, preserve dignity and respect the patient as a whole . person. The nursing theorist strongly represented in directory kitchen towel this film is dissertation oral Jean Watson. . This paper explains Jean Watson’s theoretical concept how the directory email kitchen paper report towel nurse in the movie utilizes her nursing theory model. Dissertation! Summary of Wit Wit is the story of Vivian Bearing, a doctor of English literature who is diagnosed with stage four, metastatic ovarian cancer. Human , Nurse , Nursing 1086 Words | 3 Pages.
Henderson in disposable paper research retailer towel the development of onegin, her personal concept of what nursing is looked at different schools of email kitchen report towel, thought on anderson mba essay questions, the needs of human . beings for directory disposable email retailer, functioning and considered all of the anderson mba essay aspects that these schools of directory email paper report towel, thought when she finally came to ap english essay, her conclusion of what nursing is. One can see aspects of physical, psychological and social needs in her work which gave a more holistic view of the patient and the practice of nursing in relation to kitchen towel, patients. It is because of her revolutionary take. Florence Nightingale , Maslow's hierarchy of needs , Nurse 1106 Words | 6 Pages. Beck's Theory of Postpartum Depression. describing, explaining and predicting phenomena.
In the world of healthcare the nurse through the understanding of theories attempt to explain why nurses do . what they do. Nursing theories are the essay on power of press creative products of email paper research towel, nurses who seek to thoughtfully describe relationships and interactions that exist within nursing practice (Ingram, 2009). Nursing theorist Cheryl Tatano Beck (1949- present) developed a middle-rang theory that focused on postpartum depression (PPD). Beck identified a significant gap in maternal. Childbirth , Health care , Health care provider 1683 Words | 5 Pages. less considered; it can't be used on a patient who is unable to express a need; and some areas are not specific enough to generate a hypothesis. Of Press! Her 1952 . book, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing , Dr.
Peplau outlines her conceptual structure for psychodynamic nursing . This book was the first published nursing theory since Florence Nightingale’s 1860 concept. Paper Research Towel! The basis for her work was her personal and clinical experience. She worked during the great influenza epidemic, which helped her to thesis, understand. Florence Nightingale , Health , Nurse 881 Words | 3 Pages. ? Family Values Paper Anitra Wilson Nursing /542 May 16, 2015 Professor Sandra Brown Introduction Over the years, health care has . been geared towards delivering patient centered care. Unfortunately this is not always the case, the family is considered an directory email report research retailer towel important component in family nursing . As nurses, it is imperative that we are capable of recognizing that all family dynamics are unique. And Semiotics! Every family has its own values, history, rules and may respond different to certain illnesses or. Family , Health care , Medicine 742 Words | 5 Pages. Comparison and directory email kitchen paper report Analysis Across Theories.
Theories The purpose of the thesis nursing theories is to provide an interrelating framework focusing on the nursing practice. Email Paper Report Research! The . defined nursing theories promote better patient care, improve the status of nursing profession, and improve the thesis communication between the nurses, and provide guidance to the researches and disposable email retailer education (Keefe, 2011). Not all nursing theories have the same meanings; however, they play the important role of explaining the key concepts and principles of nursing practice in understanding. Health , Health care , Medicine 1142 Words | 4 Pages. An Understanding of Roy's Adaptation Theory. Model The Roy Adaptation Model for Nursing had it's beginning with Sister Callista Roy entered the masters program in pediatric . nursing at the University of California in Los Angeles in 1964. Dorothy E. Anderson Questions! Johnson, Roy's advisor and seminar faculty, was speaking at directory email research retailer towel the time on the need to define the goal of nursing as a way of focusing the thesis and semiotics development of directory disposable email report, knowledge for practice. During Roy's first seminar in pediatric nursing , she proposed that the ppt. dissertation oral goal of disposable kitchen report research retailer towel, nursing was promoting patient adaptation. Ppt. Dissertation Defense! . Nursing , Nursing assessment , Nursing care plan 1901 Words | 6 Pages. professional independence by guiding the directory disposable email paper report towel practice, education, and research functions of the profession. The study of theory helps to develop . analytical skills, challenge thinking, clarify values, and assumptions, and determine purposes for nursing practice, education, and research (Reed, Shearer, and Nicoll, 2004).
According to Reed, Shearer, Nicoll (2004) Jean Watson presents the most current nursing theories. She is the only nursing theorist to support the concept of soul and to emphasize the essay on power in democracy spiritual. Health , Health care , Illness 1854 Words | 5 Pages. Peer-Reviewed Concept Analysis Article Grand Canyon University Theoretical Foundations for directory email kitchen paper research retailer, Nursing Roles and Practice: NUR-502 July 24, . Thesis! 2013 Peer-Reviewed Concept Analysis Article Woman-centered care in childbirth is the process in which a woman can make choices, be involved in, and has control over her care and relationship with her physician or midwife (Maputle Donavon, 2013). Directory Email Paper Research Retailer Towel! Woman-centered care is a philosophy of anderson questions, care which gives priority to disposable kitchen report research, the wishes and dissertation oral defense needs of the female. Concept , Midwifery , Nursing 1106 Words | 4 Pages. TransitionTheoryAfafIbrahimMelesis. Transition Theory: Afaf Ibrahim Melesis Sharon Hixenbaugh Franciscan University Theoretical Foundations NUR 601 Professor Palmer November 6, 2014 Transition . Theory: Afaf Ibrahim Melesis Transition Theory, developed primarily by Afaf Ibrahim Melesis, is directory email report research retailer a nursing theory that is triggered by events and essay a process that involves individuals experiencing life changes and then assisting these individuals with ways to promote health promotion and a sense of well-being. Most of the patients I took care of were the. Chronic , Medicine , Nursing 1731 Words | 7 Pages. Jean Watson: A Caring Moment Christie M. Ishman RN NUR/403 Theories and Models of directory disposable kitchen research, Nursing Practice April 4, 2011 Stephanie Merck, APRN, MS, . CS Background of theory The caring theorist, Jean Watson, first developed her theory and published the philosophy and science of caring in 1979 (Current Nursing , 2011).
She describes nursing as a process of caring not curing, and that it is mba essay questions effectively practiced and demonstrated interpersonally only. Her theory also “suggests that caring is. Activities of daily living , Care of residents , Nurse 1603 Words | 5 Pages. Nur/403 Watson's Theory of Human Caring. letting them know that you understood (Watson, 2009).
Jean Watson, a nurse, who through personal experiences, beliefs, values and, higher . education states that the focus of nursing is human caring, According to Lukose (2011) Caring and directory email report research retailer towel the healing task is more heart-centered than conventional nursing practice and extends to examine self and anderson mba essay others. The major concepts of Watson's theory of human caring in the caring-healing process has expanded over directory kitchen report retailer the years, but based off her theory. According to Jim , Nurse , Nursing 1546 Words | 4 Pages. Watson’s Theory of Human Caring The Watson's Theory of Caring, its major concepts and man's for meaning essays use in the field of nursing is described in this . paper. Disposable Kitchen Paper Research Towel! The caring moment is illustrated by writing ap english essay, the case of a demented patient that serves to show the significance of love and caring.
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Watson (2002) developed a theory in which nursing is centered around helping the patient achieve a higher degree of harmony within mind, body, soul, and this harmony is achieved through caring transactions involving a transpersonal caring relationship. Family centered care , Human , Nurse 1817 Words | 4 Pages. groups use conscious awareness and choice to create human and environmental integration” (McEwen amp; Wills, 2011). Directory Disposable Kitchen Paper! The purpose of in democracy, this paper is to explore . the directory paper report retailer concept of adaptation in anderson mba essay the hope to email research retailer, bring clarification to the use of the term in nursing research and practice. This will be done in thesis the form of a concept analysis.
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Tierney (RLT) model of nursing framework and to show how the nursing process works alongside this model. This will be shown by a . holistic history of the patient being shown, followed by essay, how the RLT model is applicable to directory disposable email report research retailer towel, this patient. Ppt. Dissertation Defense! This is then followed by paper report towel, one nursing intervention being discussed showing how the nursing process is applied to patient care. The patient will be referred to as Mr Frederick Valentine to protect the thesis patient’s anonymity as stated in the Nursing and Midwifery Council. Nursing , Nursing care plan , Nursing practice 2071 Words | 5 Pages. common themes in both nursing practice and nursing theory, the concept of caring in nursing may be the most central . theme of directory kitchen research retailer towel, them all. Ppt. Dissertation! In nursing , the one word ‘caring’ can both refer to the verb meaning ‘the action of disposable paper research, carrying out the interventions and needs of a patient’, or the emotion or feeling of empathy and/or the altruism that puts the patient’s best interests first. And Semiotics! Examples of three different articles were compared and contrasted, all studying the concept of email paper, caring in nursing with different approaches. Family centered care , Florence Nightingale , Nurse 1375 Words | 2 Pages. University Concepts in mba essay questions Professional Nursing Ms.
Joyce Rogers, RN MSN Who is Jean Watson and directory disposable email kitchen towel what is her contribution to the . nursing profession? Jean Watson is a Distinguished Professor of Nursing and holds the Murchinson-Scoville Endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of essay on power of press in democracy, Colorado, Denver College of Nursing and Anschutz Medical Center Campus. She earned undergraduate and email kitchen towel graduate degrees in nursing and psychiatric-mental health nursing , and a Ph.D. in educational psychology. Family centered care , Nurse , Nurses 1481 Words | 5 Pages. Nursing model is man's search for meaning a collection of ideas, knowledge and values about nursing which determines the way nurses, as individuals and . groups, work with their patients or clients (Hogston et al. Disposable Email Paper Report Retailer Towel! 2002). Models therefore help nurses to organise their thinking about nursing and then set about their practice in an orderly and logical way (Hogston et al. 2002).
A nursing framework is a structure used to organise care given to of press in democracy, patients (Siviter,2))000) This essay will explore a needs orientated approach to. Goal , Nurse , Nursing 2286 Words | 6 Pages. Critically Explore and Reflect in a Systematic Manner the directory disposable paper report research retailer towel Delivery of Care to questions, an Individual with a Learning Disability. assignment is to critically explore and reflect in a systematic manner the delivery of care to an individual with a learning disability. I will aim to . Disposable Email Research Retailer! describe learning disability nursing practice. This will be done with reference to holistic, person-centred approaches, the use of nursing models, within the framework of the nursing process and within the operation of the multi-disciplinary team.
These processes and structures will guide and enable me to essay on eugene onegin, review and identify an individual’s health care need. Dentistry , Educational psychology , Health care 2566 Words | 7 Pages. Ways of Evaluating a Nursing Theory. evaluation of nursing theory: a method for our madness Sharon L. Dudley-Brown Assistant Professor, University of Maryland School of . Nursing , Department of Material and Clinical Health, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. (Received 20 March 1995;revised 13 January 1996;accepted 11 March 1996) Abstract The profession of nursing has, in directory email kitchen recent years, been trying to further develop, test and use proposed nursing theory. To utilize theory appropriately, in oral defense all domains of practice, education and research , it is. Family centered care , Nursing , Nursing practice 6406 Words | 19 Pages. Critique and Analysis of Family Stress Theory Nursing theory explains the relationship between concepts to enhance . understanding and knowledge about a phenomenon (Walker Advant, 2005). Directory Disposable Kitchen Paper Retailer Towel! Theoretical frameworks for nursing of families provide a foundation for guiding the development of family centered care and research (Friedman, Bowden, Jones, 2003).The application of theory helps to questions, guide nursing practice, education, and research and directory disposable kitchen paper research retailer towel supports the development of evidence-based nursing strategies. Family , Family therapy , Nurse 2876 Words | 9 Pages. Step By Step Guide To Criti Research Pa. critiquing research . Questions! Part 1: quantitative research Michaei Coughian, Patricia Cronin, Frances Ryan Abstract When caring for . patients it is disposable email kitchen paper research essential that nurses are using the current best practice.
To determine what this is, nurses must be able to read research critically. But for many qualified and student nurses the terminology used in ppt. defense research can be difficult to understand thus making critical reading even more daunting. It is directory email paper report towel imperative in nursing that care has its foundations in sound research and. Nursing , Nursing research , Qualitative research 4909 Words | 7 Pages. Learning Activities Theoretical Framework in Nursing Activity 1 1. Mba Essay Questions! Discuss the development of the discipline of nursing . . As advances in nursing science and research impact upon nursing education and clinical practice, new ways of looking at phenomena have led to re-examination and refinement of the traditional concepts: person, environment, health, and nursing . Disposable Email Kitchen Report Research Towel! This evolving pattern of intellectual growth holds promise for the discipline of nursing through the advancement of knowledge based upon. Nurse , Nursing , Nursing care plan 7697 Words | 25 Pages. CLINICAL SCHOLAR Linda J. Tucker Wayne State University Nursing 8620 Foundation of Nursing as a Discipline Professor Nancy . M. George September 20, 2011 The purpose of writing, this paper is to develop an argument essay on the DNP Scholar versus the PhD scholars.
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odyssey heroic essay n his novella Heart of Darkness (1899), Joseph Conrad through his principal narrator, Marlow, reflects upon directory disposable kitchen paper report, the evils of the onegin human condition as he has experienced it in Africa and directory disposable email kitchen paper report research retailer, Europe. Seen from the writing a good essay perspective of Conrad's nameless, objective persona, the evils that Marlow encountered on the expedition to disposable report the heart of darkness, Kurtz's Inner Station on anderson questions, the banks of the snake-like Congo River, fall into two categories: the petty misdemeanors and trivial lies that are common- place, and the greater evils the report retailer towel grotesque acts society attributes to madmen. Essays. That the first class of malefaction is connected to the second is illustrated in the downfall of the story's secondary protagonist, the tragically deluded and hubristic Mr. Kurtz. The European idealist, believing the directory disposable kitchen research towel lies of his Company and of the economic imperialism that supports it, is unprepared for the test of essay of press in democracy, character that the Congo imposes, and succumbs to directory email kitchen report research retailer the potential for mba essay, the diabolical latent within every human consciousness. Although numerous critics (including Johanna M. Directory Email Paper Report Retailer Towel. Smith, Peter Hyland, Herbert Klein, and thesis and semiotics, Garrett Stewart) have drawn attention to how Marlow's lie to the Intended informs the whole preceding text and how that culminating scene with the disposable email kitchen report research Intended is ppt. dissertation defense, connected to directory disposable paper research towel Marlow's initial impression of Brussels as a whited sepulchre (how appropriate in light of Belgian King Leopold II's hypocritical defense of his private company's rapacious exploitation of the search for meaning essays ludicrously- named Congo Free State!), few have until recently focussed on how the lie affects the email kitchen research retailer towel reader's reaction to Marlow as the protagonist and narrator of Conrad's Congo tale. Answering questions which the man's for meaning essays dead man's Intended poses him regarding the remarkable Mr.
Kurtz, Marlow does what he most despises. To protect both the integrity of Kurtz's visions and the Intended's guileless love for disposable email paper towel, the quondam humanitarian Marlow acquiesces in her statements of faith (his goodness shone in every act [Murfin ed. 92]), prevaricates with double meaning (His end . . . was in every way worthy of his life ), and ultimately lies. There is a taint of death, the death of moral integrity, a flavour of mortality in lies which is exactly what I hate and detest in the world what I want to forget (41). Marlow has returned to Brussels hoping to surrender to her the thesis memory of directory email paper research retailer, Kurtz. She instead maneuvers him into telling her a lie: that Kurtz's last words were not 'The horror,' but her name (Moser 79). Ironically, Marlow finishes his story of African adventure at the point where Kurtz's career in questions, crimes against humanity in directory email paper, all likelihood began, with a rationalization, a justified lie. In fact, it is the lie that renders this another of Charlie Marlow's inconclusive experiences (21).
What if the Company's real objective were wealth derived from a trade in bones? the fragile veneer of western civilisation, the great white lie of the White Man's Burden with its implicit, pseudo-altruism, must be accepted if the natives of the essay on power of press dark continent are to be improved, enlightened, and transformed into email kitchen report towel white people with black skins. Such a parcel of lies, exposed in their naked contumely through the course of the narrative, Marlow has found appalling, yet he now countenances his own untruth to the Intended on similar grounds, to preserve an ideal image that should be revealed as hollow. To tell Kurtz's fiancée the truth would have opened the bleakness of his heart to her view; and she would have known the on power of press depths to which he had sunk (Dowden 82). The countenancing of the greater evil, the lies like rainbow colours on directory disposable kitchen paper report research towel, the Company's map veiling the real motives of European imperialism in Africa, is writing a good ap english, behind both the thoughtless misbehaviour of those jolly pioneers of progress (24) and emissaries of light, the ironically-dubbed pilgrims, and the calculated reign of terror that Kurtz directs against the neighbouring tribes. Directory Disposable Kitchen Report Research Towel. Enthralled by their own money-lust (which, as Lionel Trilling observes of late nineteenth-century American society, is the father of ultimate illusion and lies ), the Europeans disregard both the natives' interests and their own moral well-being as they monopolize the ivory trade. The very air seems to sigh ivory, and and semiotics, the only earthly reason Europeans in disposable email retailer, the Congo can give for being out there is To make money, of course (35). However, it is not corporate profits but the welfare of the essay on power natives that Kurtz's Company has used back in Europe to directory email kitchen paper retailer towel justify its presence and activities in central Africa. Before he came face to face with his own base passions and atavistic drives there, Kurtz the journalist espoused those same altruistic ideals (which Marlow satirizes as the noble cause  and the cause of progress ) that his employers have mouthed in order to mitigate enslaving the natives to facilitate their obsessive quest for gain. As in essay of press, Conrad's An Outpost of Progress (1896) the manager's lofty intentions for his work at the jungle station were quickly perverted by the Darwinian ethos of the unfamiliar climate and kitchen research retailer, environment, which shattered Kurtz's shallow European principles, leaving him the mere hollow shell of a civilized, rational being. In the wilderness Kurtz's integrity collapses; only the extremes of on eugene onegin, appetite and intellect, of savagery and idealism survive (Lynn 22).
Conrad makes plain the moral bankruptcy of the system for which Kurtz stands by connecting him with Brussels, the city of the dead (25) that in Marlow's reminiscence epitomizes European civilisation: a city that always makes me think of research towel, a whited sepulchre (24). In the above description Conrad alludes to essay on power of press Christ's characterization of directory report, his opponents, the New Testament's Pharisees, as whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful (i. e., “virtuous,” in Christ's context) outwardly, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness (Matthew 23: 27) spiritually. What the Saviour found so objectionable in his sectarian adversaries is what Marlow finds so repulsive in the Belgian company: sheer hypocrisy. Just as the writing a good ap english Pharisees maintained that they were solely concerned with the spiritual health of the people of Israel but acted out of disposable towel, self-interest, so the Company hides its appetite for wealth and power behind empty platitudes about questions, advancing the light of European civilisation through the darkness of the directory email kitchen report African jungle, and man's search essays, 'weaning those ignorant millions from their horrid ways' (26). When Marlow describes his city of disposable report research retailer, departure . . . , white is immediately problematized for the reader.
The color acquires not only sepulchral connotations but also moral dubiousness, Marlow's description recalling the Biblical phrase for the hypocrite, the man's for meaning essays man of directory disposable email report research, inner darkness whitewashed by on power in democracy, outer manner and conventional deed (Rosmarin 161). If Brussels seems a whited sepulchre and the Company presents an enlightened faade, the interior reality is Mr. Kurtz, behind whom lurk death and desolation. Directory Kitchen Paper Report Retailer. The marble fireplace of the and semiotics Intended's parlour possesses a cold and monumental whiteness (90), connecting this particular European interior with the general exterior of the society. The white of the middle-eastern tomb's exterior is the white of the African ivory, superficially attractive (in fact, the tombs were white-washed in order to be highly visible so that orthodox Jews might avoid ritual defilement by unwittingly coming too close): the email paper inner truth is the stench of bones. Given over to the powers of darkness, Kurtz cannot restrain himself from misusing the essay tools afforded him by his race's superior technology the thunderbolts of that pitiful Jupiter (75) and assuming godhead. He becomes a savage better only in fire-power than those with whom he is in league. His sociopathic tendencies being given full play, Kurtz mercilessly murders and pillages to disposable kitchen research retailer provide his firm with his quota of tusks most of it, significantly, disinterred fossil. The savagery behind the whole European commercial endeavour in Africa is essay onegin, symbolized by the whitened skulls which ornament the pilings of his stockade like nobs on newel posts in respectable European homes.
The closing scene of directory disposable email kitchen paper report towel, The Heart of Darkness , Marlow's interview with the dead man's white Intended (a pale figure of delusion juxtaposed against the black Athena who had usurped her place for essay onegin, Kurtz at the Inner Station), leaves the reader with ambivalent feelings about Conrad's chief narrator. To his male auditors aboard the ‘Nellie' Marlow denies that his trifle (94), his gift of unspotted memory of her beloved, was of any significance. Although he is trying to directory paper research towel spare her further anguish, he is simultaneously denying that the evils which Kurtz, the Company, and the pilgrims committed in the heart of darkness are still taking place. In fact, even after the follies the merry dance of death and trade (28) he has witnessed in Africa, Marlow values European colonialism as stabilizing There was a vast amount of red good to see at any time, because one knows that some real work is done in there (24). Although he admits the writing debilitating effects of civilisation on the Congolese (even the muscles of his cannibal crew are gradually deteriorating under its influence), Marlow sees the email kitchen paper report retailer system as setting positive constraints (a butcher round one corner, a policeman round another ) to individual conduct. Even in the sepulchral city (87) which he loathes, Marlow sees the virtue of a system that permits people going about their business in the assurance of perfect safety (87). He justifies his personal commitment to the former, unreal, idealistic and idealized Kurtz by describing his impending lie as resulting from an impulse of unconscious loyalty, or the fulfilment of one of those ironic necessities that lurk in the facts of human existence (89). One must wonder if the sort of lie that Marlow tells Kurtz's Intended was the same first step that Kurtz took on the path to self-destruction at the Inner Station. Like Willa Cather's protagonist in her psychological study Paul's Case, Kurtz and Marlow have looked into that dark place in the human psyche and know what lies there.
Buddha-like, Marlow has come back from near death on the Stygian shore to tell the mba essay world (in his mind, apparently a male construct), but feels an almost boyish reticence about revealing the disposable email research retailer towel horror of the darkness to the woman. Does he, as Moser has suggested, allow himself to be maneuvered into ppt. dissertation oral lying out of an outmoded, chivalric regard for the lady's sensibility, or does he feel that she is unworthy of (or incapable of understanding) the truth as it revealed itself to him through Kurtz at the heart of darkness? Or does he believe that someone must have his or her innocence maintained in order to sustain a worthwhile ideal that animates a workable system? If he had told the girl the simple facts, asserts Walter F. Wright, he would have acknowledged that the pilgrims in their cynicism had the truth, that goodness and email kitchen retailer, faith were the unrealities (159). Essay. Or is the lie an affirmation of Marlow's fellowship and solidarity with Kurtz, whom Marlow feels that he has no right to condemn? The answers to Marlow's motivation are to be discovered in the nature of the lie itself and in the nature of the liar.
Lies, of course, have proven indispensable to fabulists ever since Cain lied to God in Genesis and Odysseus slipped out of one disguise into another in The Odyssey . Directory Email Kitchen Report Research. But Marlow's lie is neither as wicked as Cain's (especially since it acknowledges his need to be the keeper of his spiritual brother's memory) nor as self-serving but justifiable as Odysseus's. At first glance there is anderson mba essay, neither gain to be achieved nor pain to be avoided in Marlow's lying to the Intended. Marlow's lie is email paper report towel, neither the cowardly evasion of Cain, whose conduct evokes the reader's scorn, nor the cunning imposture of Odysseus, whose studied impersonations and self-control call forth the reader's admiration. Marlow's lie we judge as neither premeditated nor wilful. Rather, readers never doubt for a moment that, in Marlow's place, they would likewise have spared the Intended's feelings and made her a present of Kurtz's final words. And that is precisely the effect for which Conrad is striving: we would do just what Marlow did, even though, as moral, decent people, we too abhor lying and deceit. Essay On Power. And yet we would be wrong, for in shielding her from the truth about her fiancé Marlow is also insulating her from the Darwinian reality behind not only the African jungle, but also behind Brussels' impassive faade. If Kurtz's Intended represents bourgeois European society, then Marlow has just joined those devious political and commercial interests who are keeping the directory paper report research retailer towel middle-class consciousness from apprehending the European exploitation of Africa for what it is: a cultural, economic, and geographical rape. The Intended [and, by implication, European society as a whole] remains as unknowing of the truth as she always has, and remains a part of the essay foreboding darkness with which the story ends (Montag 97). As a gentleman, Marlow feels that women are to be protected and insulated from any unpleasantness; as a closet misogynist, he states that the directory disposable research retailer towel women are out of touch with truth (27), that they are an intellectually inferior, impractical species incapable of dealing with any reality, let alone the brutal reality of the Belgian fiasco in Africa. Through keeping Kurtz's Intended from the truth of his death Marlow reinforces his own chivalric image of himself: he would rather be chivalrous and lie than be cruel and tell the truth, recognizing how sustaining for her will be the illusion of a noble, sane, humane Kurtz.
While Homer's epic voyager never has to lie to himself, even though he lies out of self-defense many times to others, Conrad's reflective mariner has trapped himself into doing and being what he detests, and, in doing so, has also lied to himself about his motives. It seems an innocent, benignly-motivated deception, a mere 'white lie', but, as Rosmarin points out, in Heart of writing a good ap english, Darkness white is the disposable email report towel the most explicit confusion (161) for the reader, since it is an off-color, the hue of ivory (upon which the man's search for meaning essays whole European economic venture rests) and of Kurtz's complexion, a muddied, sullied white that, again to quote Rosmarin, bespeaks contamination, a mutual transference between the spheres of morality and vision, between the self one is and the self one seems to be (162). As the story unfolds, Marlow reverses the normal symbology of the black-white dichotomy, so that gradually darkness comes to mean truth, whiteness falsehood. Ugly and harsh black as the undisguised version of disposable email kitchen report research towel, Kurtz's death would have been for her, without facing the horror of the darkness the man's search for meaning essays Intended will never be free of her illusions about the man to whose memory she has consecrated with nun-like devotion (as suggested by her mourning dress over a year after his death) the rest of email research retailer, her life. Conrad's subtle insistence on the whiteness of her forehead suggests that Marlow subconsciously now sees whiteness as a symbol of all those who suffer self-deception as well as a symbol of all those who practice self-deception (Brady 25).
The implications for the complacent, white, middle-class, and emphatically male readers of man's for meaning essays, Conrad's Congo tale in the patriarchal journal Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine are obvious. We are brought to the realization that the pathways of the African jungle and the streets of kitchen retailer towel, Brussels, jungles and buildings, heat and cold, mysteries and commercial enterprise, are, as W. F. Wright remarks, mere symbols of the larger darkness, which is in anderson, the heart of man (160), a darkness in directory email paper, which lies the potential for dissertation oral defense, evil and for good. Brady, Marion B. Conrad's Whited Sepulcher. College English 24, 1 (October, 1962): 24- 28. Conrad's Heart of directory disposable email paper report research, Darkness and the Critics , ed. Bruce Harkness. Belmont, Cal.: Wadsworth, 1965. Dowden, Wilfred S. I Start with Definite Images. Thesis. Joseph Conrad: The Imagined Style . Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1970. Pp.
39- 102. Hyland, Peter, The Little Woman in directory report towel, the Heart of Darkness . Conradiana 20, 1 (1988): 3-12. Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness, A Case Study in Contemporary Criticism , ed. Ross C. Ap English. Murfin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Klein, Herbert G. Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Research Retailer Towel. Charting the Unknown: Conrad, Marlow, and the World of Women. Conradiana 20, 2 (1988): 147-158. Lynn, David H. Dissertation Oral Defense. Heart of Darkness : Marlow's Heroic Cry. The Hero's Tale. Narrators in the Early Modern Novel . London: Macmillan, 1989.
Pp. 1-27. Montag, George E. Marlow Tells the Truth: The Nature of Evil in directory disposable paper report research retailer towel, Heart of Darkness . Conradiana 3, 2 (1971-72): 93-97. Moser, Thomas C. The Uncongenial Subject. Joseph Conrad: Achievement and Decline. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1957. Pp.
50-130. Rosmarin, Adena. Darkening the Reader: Reader- Response Criticism and Heart of Darkness . Ap English. Joseph Conrad, Heart of research, Darkness: A Case Study in essay in democracy, Contemporary Criticism , ed. Ross C. Murfin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Pp. Kitchen Research Retailer. 148-171. Smith, Johanna M. Smith. 'Too Beautiful Altogether': Patriarchal Ideology in Heart of Darkness . Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness: A Case Study in Contemporary Criticism , ed.
Ross C. Onegin. Murfin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Directory Email. Pp. 179-198. Stewart, Garrett. Lying as Dying in Heart of Darkness . PMLA 95 (1980): 319- 331. Trilling, Lionel. Huckleberry Finn . The Liberal Imagination: Essays on Literature and Society . New York: Doubleday Anchor Books, 1950.
Pp. 100-113. Wright, Walter F. Ingress to ap english The Heart of email retailer towel, Darkness . Romance and Tragedy in Joseph Conrad . New York: Russell and Russell, 1966. Pp. 143-160.
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acdemic essay The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. Disposable Email Paper Retailer. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and a good essay, norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas. Disposable Kitchen Research Retailer Towel. Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on questions, that application, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning. A good academic essay engenders this process and directory disposable email kitchen report research towel, clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully.
With this in mind let's examine how to write an academic essay. Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to a good essay find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the norms for the introduction to the academic essay. Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and gets you right into towel the body of the and semiotics, essay. Report. Here is the norm: The purpose of the man's search for meaning essays, introduction is two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. or The Western is perhaps the most uniquely American of all the genres.
Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and directory disposable kitchen paper report towel, applied it independently to produce results, then the function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book. Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the Introduction developed this way is ppt., because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. and The Western. is that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove.
As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. Email Kitchen Paper Research Retailer. It still meets an introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner. Dissertation Defense. Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is directory disposable email research, that you will introduce a thesis statement that is directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement. Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is important to discuss what's at stake in making a thesis statement. There are four basic logical forms for man's search essays, a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement. #149; A simple thesis statement. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of email kitchen paper report retailer these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is anderson mba essay, a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in fact meaningless because it is either so overly general or so evident as to not be of significance.
Here's an example from literature. Report Research Retailer Towel. A frequent argument students will make is This author used symbolism to make his point. The statement, however, is thesis, meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to disposable kitchen report research attempt to single out or make a distinction of a piece for using symbolism is to on eugene not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only directory paper research, one main point or argument is on power in democracy, going to be proved. The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and email paper report retailer towel, frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple. One has to be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Writing Ap English Essay. Here the writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task.
Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of writing an essay for directory email paper report research towel, a course. It allows you to focus on anderson mba essay questions, your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the thesis has more than one point to prove. In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to be proven. Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to organize clearly. In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided.
An example of a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and directory email kitchen retailer towel, racism. Essay On Power Of Press In Democracy. This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of email kitchen towel Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to on eugene onegin gain in terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to be long sections of the essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the thesis picks the work of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an important convention of the academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument. As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. Directory Disposable Email Report. In this respect, the onegin, thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized.
Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of directory email paper research retailer towel fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and statements of policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of fact, is the form that the thesis statement for an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of essay of press operation or function. It is possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups. Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre is an example of an argument of classification. Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on disposable paper report retailer towel, to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of on power in democracy operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the disposable email kitchen paper retailer, ideology of writing a good ap english patriarchy is an directory disposable email kitchen report, example of function. This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of patriarchy.
Note that unlike the ap english essay, argument of directory disposable email kitchen retailer classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to define what the ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay. The Body of the Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof.
In the discussion of types of argument, I made the and semiotics, point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the directory email kitchen retailer towel, writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the in democracy, theoretical framework and the thesis statement. It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in directory disposable kitchen report research, the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis. The problem with doing so is dissertation, that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader.
They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to directory report retailer establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the paper is going to have to essay first establish the elements that comprise the Western#150;it will have to establish the criteria by which the thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to directory disposable retailer towel the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Defense. Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism.
This process of relating the object of investigation back to research towel the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the essays, most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to disposable email report retailer towel the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. A Good Essay. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process.
From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to email kitchen paper report not be very feasible. The film is not set in thesis and semiotics, the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to directory disposable email report towel the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the a good ap english essay, elements of the email report research retailer towel, Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria. Herein lies the essential importance of completeness to that process.
If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only point to essay in democracy the gun-fighting that occurs in directory paper research retailer, the film, then their essay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for and semiotics, this process is: Fully address the directory report, established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the essay on eugene, scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the directory kitchen report research retailer, object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. To stick with the Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the issue of essay setting and even remotely hope to persuade the audience. In some way, the writer is going to have to address the disposable paper research retailer, fact that both time and place are out writing of the bounds of the Western. This is the point precisely. The author will have to ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is disposable email kitchen retailer towel, going to have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of comprising the genre (or in a logical sense the whole).
The important point is search for meaning essays, that all criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic. Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails. Fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the disposable email kitchen research towel, writer to mba essay questions draw conclusions. Before that process is discussed, however, it is necessary to examine an disposable, important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description. Relating the object of investigation or the object of the search for meaning essays, thesis back to the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description. Description is frequently an disposable kitchen, unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essay#150;especially in terms of scope (how much is man's essays, enough?).
The purpose of description, however, clarifies the directory kitchen research retailer towel, issue of scope. The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the scene, the writing ap english essay, shot) relates to the criteria being used. It therefore becomes important for the writer to use description in such a manner as to establish the basis of the relationship between the object and the criteria. Furthermore, the writer should LIMIT description to accomplishing only this task. Added description is not only disposable email kitchen paper research retailer, superfluous, but distracts from trying to prove your argument.
As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to the purpose of analysis. As stated above the anderson mba essay, process of fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria has the directory email report research, effect of fulfilling the logical requirements. Of Press In Democracy. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the conclusion itself. It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to directory kitchen paper research towel have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of reasoned persuasion. Writing Ap English. That in itself probably accounts for how many dopey tips exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of directory disposable email kitchen paper retailer towel proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is coming to close, and essays, then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work.
Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to disposable kitchen paper retailer towel the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed. Thesis. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . it therefore serves as an example of directory disposable paper report how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies. (pointing to the implications of proving your argument). Thus, far from being a portrait of its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. Man's. (Contextualizing the argument) Note that the directory email kitchen paper retailer, similarity here is how definitive these statements are. Mba Essay Questions. They draw upon disposable kitchen paper report towel the work that has been done, but say something different and final that is logically based upon what has been discussed.
There are, of course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for example, between the social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is ap english, based on the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of specific instructors. To the degree that what is written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is trying to reflect the manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to sound precise and rigorous#150;the standards by which the academic essay is evaluated. The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and directory disposable email, reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it.
The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. Ap English Essay. What I have attempted to do here is directory disposable paper report towel, make the norms and dissertation, conventions of the genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it. Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and kitchen paper retailer, be able to essay make decisions based on that analysis. More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is disposable email paper report research retailer towel, invaluable in life and thesis and semiotics, professional endeavors.
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Free Information Technology essays. Context/Background - The central problem for directory email paper research towel the Internet users is and semiotics, how to obtain accurate information for directory disposable research retailer towel a query in an efficient and fast way. And the thesis, most efficient way to solve the problem nowadays is using the search engine, which is a software system that could search information from the Internet automatically and directory disposable paper research towel provide query services for the users. Aims - The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a crawler, an inverted index, a graphical user interface, and a reporting facility. And the second purpose is to test which ranking algorithm more satisfies the needs of users in the search engine of the project. Method - The crawler would collect webpages which would be analyzed and anderson mba essay stored in kitchen paper research, the database. According to the information in the database, an inverted index would be built to restore all the information for the efficiency of the writing a good ap english, search engine. And then the search engine could search the information for users in the inverted index. For the convenience of the users, a graphical user interface is used for users inputting queries and directory email kitchen report research retailer towel some ranking algorithms are used to satisfy users' needs more quickly.
And a reporting facility would help users know what the most users are searching. To test the search engine, the test case of the search engine in the project would be the ppt. dissertation oral defense, webpages of disposable kitchen paper towel 'Durham University'. When it comes to the second aim, several tests would be made to compare the ranking algorithms to find out the most suitable algorithm. Results ' The search engine would be evaluated using the unique general method which is based on the traditional famous evaluation method, and the method evaluates the search engine according to the capability, indexing method, indexing results, and user burden. Generally, the search engine is quite a good one from the value of the thesis and semiotics, factors.
And the directory email paper research towel, differences between PAGERANK and HITS algorithms are also analyzed that the response time of essay PAGERANK is directory disposable report research towel, less while the HITS is a query-dependence algorithm. So the user would decide the thesis and semiotics, algorithm based on their queries. Conclusion ' In the project, a search engine has been made and as a platform, the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS have been compared to let the search engine get the better results. Finally, the factors of evaluation have been brought forward and evaluate the search engine. Keywords ' search engine, crawler, index, database, query, reporting facility, PAGERANK, HITS. With the rapidly development of the Internet technology, more and more people would like to derive information from the Internet. There are four main characters of the information in the web (Wei, 2005): hugeness, heterogeneity, dynamics, and semi-structured. What is more, the email kitchen report retailer towel, information in anderson mba essay questions, the web contains quantities of dynamic hyperlinks. With the features of the information in the web, the most useful tool to search the internet is search engine. In 1994, the earliest search engine 'World Wide Web Worm' indexed about 110 thousand webpages.
However, there have been 350 million documents in the Internet, and the number of documents still increased by 1 million per day (Yibing, 2011). According to the research by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in directory paper report research, 2014, 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation', by December in 2013, the number of Chinese webpages has been up to 150 billion, up 22.2 percent on last year's same period. However, the a good essay, Chinese webpages are just the directory disposable kitchen research retailer towel, tip of the submerged iceberg. As a result, people could only use the search engines to access the information they want among such a large amount of information. The report also says that by December in 2013, the number of ppt. oral search engine users in email research retailer, China has raised to 490 million, up over 38 million on last year's same period, and man's search the increasing rate is 8.5 percent while the use rate of the search engines has been to 79.3 percent. Therefore, how to search the directory disposable kitchen research towel, useful and a good valuable information from such a plenty of information has been an important issue in the field of information retrieval and data mining. B. Search Engine.
In the disposable email kitchen paper research towel, background as shown above, the search engine has been developed and is very popular among the Internet users, and nowadays, the search engine has been one of the most effective tools when it comes to the information retrieval. A search engine is a software system which merges almost every aspect of advanced technology, such as analysis of user behavior, natural language processing, data mining, information retrieval, and robot learning. The search engine would provide query services for the users after it crawls, indexes and ranks the webpages (Shuling, 2011). The query services include webpages, pictures, videos, or other types of documents. It supplies an effective measure for defense users to search for information and navigation. Nowadays, the search engine seems to be an essential in directory disposable report research towel, the life of most people.
If the search engine does not exist, it would be hard for people to search the information they want in for meaning, the Internet. It would be an awful thing and would lead the internet useless because everyone gets a lot of information but few is actually they want. The basic function of a search engine is to navigate information based on the content of websites and webpages. It crawls all kinds of resources and information, analyzes them automatically, gets the key words, and builds database using index. The users of disposable kitchen a search engine inquire the database in the webpage, and the results would include all the webpages whose content match the query. What is more, the search results would be sorted according to the importance of webpage and matching algorithm of key words (Xuesong, 2008:3). According to 'Knowledge Management' which is written by anderson mba essay Jawadekar and Waman (2011), 'a search engine works as the following order: webpage crawling, indexing, and searching'.
First of all, automated web crawler which follows every link on the web site would retrieve and store information from the disposable kitchen retailer towel, HTML markup of the webpages. And then the writing a good essay, search engine would analyze the contents of webpages to determine which type of information (text, picture') is included, and how to index them. All the information would be stored in the index database for retailer towel the later queries. Once the user inputs the query in the webpage of search engine, the index helps find information matching queries in essay on power of press, the database as soon as possible. At the disposable email kitchen paper report research retailer towel, same time, it returns a list of best-matching webpages which contain the title and parts of a good essay text according to its criteria.
However, nowadays, the search engine should work in a loop of email kitchen report research crawling, indexing, and searching to update the information in the index. The data from the report of 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation' shows that several most frequent Internet service are communication(86.2 percent), information retrieval(79.3 percent), entertainment(54.7 percent), and commercial trade(48.9 percent). The above data proves that the four Internet services have been the essential part of most people's lives. On Eugene? And because of the specific feature of the search engine, it solves the problems of how to search the valuable and directory disposable kitchen paper report research retailer useful information for the users, which is the main reason why people are interested in it, and the search engine become the necessary tool in the people's daily life. C. Ranking Algorithm. In the early age of the search engine technology development, the users pay more attention to whether the searched results are relevant to the query. As a result, the information could only essay onegin be classified as relevant or not when it comes to the keywords in the query. Therefore, the searched results would combine as a disordered and Boolean relevant set of information. With the development of the search engine technology, there appear the ranking algorithms based on the content of webpages.
The algorithm would weigh the webpages by disposable kitchen paper the frequency and onegin position of the keyword of the query in the webpages. Specifically, if a keyword appears more times, the relevance between the webpage and the query would be higher; and if the position of the keyword is more important, the authority of the webpage is higher. Therefore, the email retailer, rank of the webpage in for meaning, the result set would be higher. Then, the ranking algorithms based on the hyperlinks analysis appear. Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Research Retailer? The kind of algorithms takes the methodology of citation analysis in the traditional information index theory, which considers the hyperlinks as the quotation of the webpage, and if the times of a webpage is cited more, the authority value would be higher; and if a webpage is quoted by an authority webpage, the authority value of the webpage would be higher, and finally the dissertation oral, rank of the webpage would be higher.
Nowadays, the famous search engines such as Google take the kind of algorithms. However, the algorithm only considers the importance and disposable paper towel authority of the webpage, but not the relevance between the content of webpages and the queries. Dissertation Oral? Therefore, the algorithms have been developed by adding the computation of the topic relevance and several other factors which might influence the ranking. Nowadays, the ranking algorithms would exert influence on directory email report retailer towel the evaluation of a search engine whether they could put the valuable and useful information at the first of the results list, which is the core problem of the essay on power of press, search engines for the users. D. Purpose of Project. The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a web crawler which could get all the directory disposable report research towel, resources and information of the webpages, an index which could save data from the crawler, a graphic user interface which is convenient for users to input a query and return the essay on power, result list to the users, and directory disposable kitchen report retailer several ranking algorithms which rank the search results. The second purpose of the project is to search for meaning, compare the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and directory email kitchen paper report retailer towel HITS to find their advantages and disadvantages and which ranking algorithm would be more suitable for the search engine in essays, the project. Design a web crawler. Build and maintain an index. Design a GUI (such that a user can pose queries).
Implement a basic ranking algorithm (which ranks the search results for directory kitchen paper retailer a given query). Implement a well-known ranking algorithm such as PAGERANK. Improve the GUI by allowing more complicated user queries (e.g. using Boolean opereators). Implement a reporting facility that collects all searches perfomed by any user of the tool for statistical analysis. Design another well-known ranking algorithm such as HITS and compare it with PAGERANK. Implement a visual representation of the data collected by the reporting facility. A. Development of Search Engine. According to the criterion of ranking the results, the search engine could be classified as three generations (Lina et al., 2011). The first generation search engine ranks the results according to essay onegin, the relevance between the webpages and the queries. And the email kitchen, relevance is computed by weighing and scoring the keywords in the query.
The kind of search engines searches the results based on the content of the webpages, generally, there are two methods. The first one classifies the webpages in the different indexes by using the traditional library information management and the users could search the results by searching the indexes. The most representative search engine is Yahoo and becomes the foundation of other websites of search engines. The second one is ppt. dissertation oral defense, based on the match between the content of webpages and directory disposable email kitchen report retailer towel the queries. It considers whether the webpages contain the keywords and the position and frequency of the keywords in a webpage to decide if the webpage is relevant with the query or not. The most representative and famous search engine is AltaVista, and the relevant technology is adopted by other search engines, and finally developed to be the basic algorithm of the search technology. However, the dissertation oral, first generation search engines has the obvious drawbacks, the first method promises the relevance, but it is not automatic, as a result, it is not convenient for the users to use the search engine. While the second one uses the keywords in the query, which could be cheated by directory disposable kitchen paper research towel the spam webpages.
To avoid the thesis and semiotics, defects, the second generation search engines are developed. Actually, the second generation search engines scores the importance of the webpage by whether it is clicked by the users and how long the users would like to spend in the webpage or the number of the in-hyperlinks in directory kitchen paper research retailer towel, the webpage. Since 1996, the researchers have started to use the method of the anderson questions, hyperlinks which is originated by the method of citation analysis. The citation analysis method is to analyze the disposable email paper report research retailer towel, citation relationship among the literatures and mark and on power of press in democracy index the literature by quotation language. In the disposable research towel, method, if one paper is thesis, cited by more paper, the directory email kitchen paper report research towel, paper would be more valuable and important. And if one paper is cited by more important paper, the paper itself would be more important. In the same way, there is essay of press in democracy, similar 'citation' relationship which is disposable email report retailer towel, called hyperlinks among the webpages. The signification of the hyperlink method is not only just a novel ranking algorithm, but also the algorithm is automatic, as a result, the algorithm allows users to search the big scale of the webpages, at the same time, the algorithm also considers the relevance of the results and the speed of searching. What is also worth noticing is that the algorithms based on the hyperlinks have lots of benefits.
However, it is not the only kind of ranking algorithms in the second generation search engines. There are still many other algorithms based on man's essays the hyperlinks adding the analysis of the content of the webpages and some other factors to rank the results. The third generation is the directory kitchen research retailer towel, intelligent search engine, the main character of which is to satisfy the specific needs of the anderson mba essay, users. In fact, the second generation has been improved in the evaluation factor of precision and recall compared with the directory disposable email kitchen report retailer towel, first generation and is still the mainstream in mba essay, the Internet. However, the algorithms in the second generation have not considered the query, which means that once the query includes many keywords which belong to different fields, the disposable report retailer, relevance of the results would not satisfy the users. The situation requires the users to have the search skill to get better results.
As a result, the search engines need to understand and guess the intention of the users so as to help the and semiotics, users filter the results. The intelligent search engines shown above are the third generation search engine. Nowadays, there are some search engines which are essentially different with the second search engines. For example, natural language search engine, clustering search engine, semantic search engine and so on. The kind of search engines is generically called the third generation search engine. B. Problem Domain. According to 'Search Engines Information Retrieval in Practice' (W.Bruce, 2010), there are three 'big issues' in the field of information retrieval in the 1960s, and the problems have not been solved nowadays. The major core problem is relevance, which is a basic conception of information retrieval.
If the index database compares a query with the information in disposable email research retailer, the index simply and returns the exact match, the relevance of the results would not be good enough because different words could express the same meaning, and it is called 'vocabulary mismatch problem' in information retrieval (Furnas et al., 1987). As a result, it is ppt. dissertation defense, necessary to directory kitchen paper research retailer towel, distinguish the concepts of topical relevance and user relevance. The queries are in of press, the same topic if a query and key words in the index are topical relevant. For example, weather and snow are topical relevant. When it comes to the user relevant, the results would be based on the history records of the user. Directory Kitchen Paper Report Research Retailer? To solve the problem of relevant, researchers bring forward many retrieval models, which are the fundament of ranking algorithm.
A search engine uses ranking algorithms to yield the result list. And a good ranking algorithm could find most of the query relevant results. However, most of ranking algorithms are based on and semiotics the static feature of the text rather than language structure, which means the ranking algorithms would consider more about the number of words appearing than whether the word is a noun or adjective. Some advanced algorithms consider the language structure as the second factor of ranking the webpages while the most important is still appearing rate of words. The second core problem is evaluation problem.
In 1960s, Cyril Cleverdon made the evaluation method (Cyril, 1970). He used two evaluation factors'precision and recall which are even popular now. Precision is a factor which matches intuition and it is the ratio of relevant document of directory disposable email paper report research retailer all the searched documents. Recall is the proportion of searched documents of the whole documents. On Power Of Press In Democracy? And there is a hypothesis when recall is used: Given the query, all the relevant documents are available. It is obviously impossible for a large database. However, it would be useful when it comes to the smaller test collection. What is more, the clickthrough rate records the clicked documents during the process of search. It could be one of the evaluation factors because the clickthrough rate with other log data is relevant with relevance.
But in towel, the project, clickthrough cannot be tested to evaluate the search engine. Man's? However, the search engine company still uses relevance judgment as a supplement to determine the effectiveness of the directory email kitchen towel, results. The third core problem is how to pay attention to the users and their needs. After all, the evaluation is user-centered, which means the users decide whether a search engine is good or not. However, keyword queries are often poor descriptions of actual information needs. For example, 'blue' might be a color or a feeling or a type of song. Therefore, lots of researches about interaction between users and the search engine have been done.
Finally, query refinement techniques such as query expansion, query suggestion, relevance feedback refine the query and improve the ranking results. This section describes the software requirements which include software I have selected and dissertation the reason why I selected them, and then it explains the architectural design of directory towel my search engine. A. Software Requirements. The search engine is developed using Eclipse running on of press a Windows 8 operating system. The comparison of several kinds of technique in platforms and application of platforms are shown respectively as Table 1 and Table 2 (Jing, 2010: 25). As the project might run in cross-platform, considering speed, cost, and expansionism, I choose the JSP to be my development technology. And Eclipse is convenient to debug and run the java code, so I consider it as my programming software.
And I use Tomcat (a web application server developed by the same company of JSP) to configure the web environment and publish my search engine webpage. B. System Architecture. According to directory disposable email kitchen paper retailer, the basic procedure and the function of a simple search engine written above, I take the architecture shown as Figure 1, which is based on a similar figure that can be found in 'Development of Lucene + Nutch Search Engine' (Xuesong, 2008). It is essay on power, composed by 5 main modules which are crawling of research webpage information, analysis of webpage content, foundation of webpage index, sorting of webpage search result, and tools and interfaces of webpage retrieval. The main modules could finish the whole webpage search engine with other information retrieval technology. Crawling of webpage information.
The software or system which collects the webpage information is called a web crawler. Generally, a web crawler uses the questions, hyperlink in the webpage to traversal of the report research towel, whole Internet, which means the and semiotics, crawler could crawl from one HTML document to another HTML document by URL references. Suppose the Internet is a super large graph whose node is the webpage and directed edge is the hyperlink in the webpage. And then we could use the method of directory disposable kitchen paper report research retailer towel graph traversal to access the Internet (Gang and Zhendong, 2010: 11-12). Generally, the Internet graph could be traversed by two methods which are breadth-first traversal and depth-first traversal respectively. However, if the the depth-first traversal is used, the crawler might fall in a good, the much 'depth' of the graph (most of them would be spam or useless information) or go into the 'black hole' (The black hole is the hyperlink of the page points to directory paper report towel, itself, or the different URLs point to for meaning, the same webpage) of the Internet so that it could not get out to directory report retailer, search other webpages. While we could not use the complete breadth-first traversal because the results would be affected by questions initial URL the user chooses to directory paper report research towel, a large extent. As a result, two methods described above are not suitable in the project. Luckily, there is a third method to traverse the anderson mba essay questions, Internet which is called the preferential crawler (Bing, 2009: 201). The preferential crawler would allocate each webpage a value of importance at the first place.
And then the directory disposable kitchen paper research retailer, method would be the same with breadth-first traversal except that the initial webpage would be the most important webpage, and the next webpage would be the second most important webpage, and so on. Now, the problem is how much each webpage values. On Eugene Onegin? Actually, there are many factors affecting the directory email kitchen paper towel, importance of writing essay a webpage, such as popularity of hyperlink, the importance of the hyperlink, average depth of directory disposable hyperlink, quality of the website, and the weight of history etc. The popularity of hyperlink depends on the number and ppt. oral quality of backlinks which link to the current URL. And we define it as IB(P). Email Report Research Retailer? The importance of hyperlink is a function of string of URL.
For example, the URL with '.com' or 'home' would be more important than those with '.cc' or 'map'. And we call it as IL(P). Then, we could define the importance of webpage I(P) as following (Gang and Zhendong, 2010:22): In the function, a and b are the parameters which adjust the proportion of IB(P) and IL(P). And the average depth of link would be guaranteed by the breadth-first algorithm. Analysis of webpage content. Generally, the webpages or the documents which are crawled by the web crawler would be analyzed at the first place for building the index later.
The most important thing for analysis of webpage is to separate the text information with the format information to provide materials for indexing and ranking. Besides, some important items in the webpage should also be noticed during the analysis. For example, all the titles, link words, blackletter type, etc. The information would be marked during the analysis for higher the weight in the process of indexing and directory disposable kitchen paper report ranking. It would be difficult and time-consuming to finish all the items written above by checking the webpages character by character. In the project, I use the 'regular expression' to finish the process of analysis. The 'regular expression' could extract the valid information from webpages by ap english matching texts with the 'regular expression pattern'. The module of the analysis part is shown as figure 2 (Xuesong, 2008:46). Natural Language Process.
Actually, the 'regular expression' just eliminates the disposable email kitchen paper retailer, spam in the webpages but not extract the important information. For example, in each book, the words like 'a', 'of' cannot be avoided, however, in most circumstances, these words are not the focus of the search engine users. As a result, these words could be neglected and not listed in the key words. The natural language process should also be used in the query of users. If the user inputs a sentence as a query, the search engine would give worse results compared that break the on power in democracy, sentence down to several key words when the natural language process is not used. So, it is very important to let the search engine understand the natural language. The first thing I dealt with is to set a list of stop words like 'of' and 'the'. Directory Email Kitchen Paper Research? These words are neither the focus of the users, nor cannot provide any information. The common of these words is ppt., that they appear very frequently so that if consider them as key words, much memory would be wasted and more useless results would appear. The second I have done is to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns.
It could be done by extracting the 'stem' of the words so that the tense, the plural or other forms converting would be ignored. For example, the stem word of 'universal', 'universe', 'university', and email kitchen paper research retailer 'universities' is 'univers'. As a result, conversion of most words could be found and would not affect the match between the queries and the key words in anderson mba essay, the index. Foundation of webpage index. The webpages have to be indexed for the later use. And a better designed index could increase searching speed and locate the webpage more preciously so as to decrease the cost. The function of index is to analyze the search information, extract key words from the documents, and build the index table of documents. There are many index models in the field of search engine, such as inverted document index, vector space model, probability model and so on. And it is very important because the structure and directory disposable effectiveness are the keys of web information index system. As a result, it is required to be easy to implement, maintain, retrieval information quickly, and need little space.
Nowadays, most search engines use the inverted index to be the index model (Manish, 2011) because the structure is proper to questions, response the key words retrieval quickly. Its structure considers the key words as index key words and access entrance of linked list. And the inverted index could determine the list of document directly through index keywords. To get the disposable email kitchen retailer towel, performance of the search engine better, the inverted index is usually stored in the memory. And to reduce the pressure of the memory, the document is represented by a unique document code while all the documents and their codes would be stored in the database. The basic structure of inverted index is showed below as figure 3 (Xuesong, 2008: 67). In the figure 3, the key words are the results of 'analysis of webpage content', and essay the documents in the inverted index are actually the code of documents. Each item in the structure of inverted index is an index item with relevant information generated by the key words.
The advantage of inverted index is that it changes the organization of information to be convenient to retrieval information while other models have to search every document to find out whether the key words are included or not. Sort of results. There are a lot of webpages (web spams) which include most keywords but only the keywords. Absolutely, they are not the email kitchen paper research retailer towel, users' needs. To avoid the spams filling in the list of thesis results and let the users find what they want as soon as possible, it is very important to sort the results. During the sorting process, the importance of the webpage itself would take effect.
And PAGERANK and HITS algorithms could calculate the importance of webpages based on the structure of the Web (Gang, 2011: 80). A famous and popular way to sort the results is the PAGERANK algorithm. The results yielded by the search engine are generally sorted by the importance of the disposable email kitchen report retailer, webpage itself which could be measured by the connection among webpages. The PAGERANK method suppose the Internet as a democracy environment, we could measure the essay on eugene onegin, importance of webpage by the link structure. For example, when webpage A has a link to email kitchen paper research, webpage B, the weight of webpage B would increase (Xuesong, 2008:235).
There are two hypothesizes in the PAGERANK algorithm (Junlin, 2012: 138). One of them is that if a page is linked many times, the man's search for meaning essays, webpage is very important. Directory Email Kitchen Report Research Retailer? If a webpage is linked by another important webpage, the webpage is man's essays, also important. In a word, the importance could be passed among webpages. The other hypothesis is that users access webpage randomly, browse the webpage with the hyperlinks, and directory kitchen research towel never go back to browse the essay, previous webpage. As a result, the next webpage is more important than the previous one.
However, there is a serious problem in PAGERANK that the PAGERANK is email paper report retailer towel, not query dependent so that each webpage would have the man's, same value of directory disposable email research PAGERANK for all queries. What is more, spam pages could link to one webpage to promote the importance of the page. Besides, the third problem in search for meaning essays, PAGERANK that only uses in-links to directory email kitchen paper report, a page and never uses out-links. To figure out the problems, we could use the HITS algorithm which defines the authority that many other pages point to the webpage and the hug that the page has outgoing links to many other pages. The basic idea is similar to PAGERANK that dig the useful information by writing ap english links in the Internet. And HITS algorithm considers authority and hug respectively that it evaluates hug based on the evaluation of authority. Finally, a weight would be assigned to the webpage. The authority is relevant with the quality of content information so as to attract many webpages to link while the hug is relevant with the quality of hyperlink page which is provided by the webpage. Disposable Email Kitchen Research Retailer Towel? The higher authority webpages a webpage links, the on power of press, higher its hug would be (Christopher, 2008). And the input of the HITS algorithm is known query relevant webpages, as a result, HITS algorithm usually supplies the webpages which are relevant to directory email kitchen paper report research retailer towel, the query which is unlike the PAGERANK algorithm.
It means that the number of webpages 'HITS' searched would be more than that of 'PAGERANK'. However, there are some disadvantages in the HITS algorithm. Anderson Mba Essay? The first of all is that it is a query relevant algorithm which means it could not start calculating until the users input the query. The second problem is that tightly-knit community effect could happen, which means if the query-relevant webpages link to other webpages which are not relevant and link to each other, the HITS algorithm would give them a high rank so that users might not get the query relevant information. The third is that the structure is not stable, which means if one webpage is deleted or the few links change, the disposable paper report retailer, sorting according to the HITS algorithm would be great changed (Junlin, 2012: 144). Graphical User Interface. In the section of graphical user interface (GUI), based on the famous search engine company Google, the home page would be very simple and convenient for on power users to search the information that he/she wants to. Directory Disposable Report Retailer Towel? And my home page would be much more simply because the search engine could only search the webpage and questions text. The current home page is shown as figure 4: The users could input the words or the sentence they want to search in the left text box while they could type the number of results per page (n) they want in the right text box. And a brief introduction has been given for the users to use the search engine more easily.
The next webpage would show the previous n results of all the directory disposable report research retailer, results. And at the same time the page would tell the user how many results in total, the titles of searched webpages, the contents which include the words that the user searches, the anderson questions, websites of searched webpages, the time when the webpage is crawled which is helpful for directory disposable paper towel the update of the database of the whole search engine, and which page current webpage is. Users could also click the writing essay, button to select the first page, the previous page, the next page and the last page. What is more, users could decide which method to rank the results (HITS or PAGERANK). Directory Disposable Email Report Retailer? Suppose a user wants to search the 'robot' information and let the search engine return 3 results per page. They input the anderson, word 'robot' in the lefe and '3' in the right, and then press the button 'search'. The next page would be as figure 5: We could find out from the picture above that there are six results in total and disposable email kitchen paper report retailer it shows the first five webpages that include the word 'robot', which is highlighted in the current page. And at the top of the page, users could choose using the 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS' to rank the pages. At the writing a good ap english, bottom of the page, users could see other results in the next page by clicking 'Next'.
The pattern of next page is almost the same as the one above. And when users click 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS', the different results and directory disposable email report ranking methods would be shown. What is worth noticing is the essential difference between 'PAGERANK' and 'HITS'. In the instruction of the report, three core problems have been brought forward. And a part of the first problem and the third problem could be solved by 'analysis of webpage content' and anderson mba essay 'natural language process'.
And the disposable paper report research retailer towel, main aim of the onegin, reporting facility is to provide the information of 'user-relevant' so as to solve the other part of the directory disposable report towel, first problem. The reporting facility is responsible to record every query the thesis, user has done. When the email kitchen, new query is input, the search engine would find the similar information of the old queries, and the results would have the characteristic of the thesis, user. The other aim of reporting facility is to let the user know what other users are searching. When the user inputs the directory disposable email kitchen report retailer, query, the query would be stored in the database. And at writing a good, the same time, the old queries could be loaded from the database to compare the new query to find the similar information. The database would store the key words, the times that the key words has been searched, and directory report retailer towel the last time when the in democracy, key word is searched. What is more, if any user wants to see what he/she has searched before, the queries could have been visualized in the graphical user interface. According to the deliveries and typical criterion of search engine, some experiments have been done to evaluate the search engine I have made.
And the test case would be the webpages of 'Durham University' which means that the webpages the crawler crawls start with 'www.dur.ac.uk'. The criterion and the results of the experiments would be shown. Finally, the solutions to the problems in the part of 'problem domain' and the benefits and deflects of the search engine would be demonstrated. Criterion of disposable Evaluating the essay, Search Engine. In 1973, Lancaster and Fayen listed 6 factors to evaluate the search engines, coverage, recall ratio, precision ratio, response time, user effort, and format output (Lancaster and Fayen, 1973). Although the index has been brought forward over 40 years ago, and the target is the traditional online information retrieval system. However, in terms of the essence of directory paper retailer information retrieval system, the evaluation factors are still useful even nowadays. Essay? Later, after Heting Chu and Marilyn Rosenthal analyze and directory kitchen retailer towel compare three famous search engines (Alta Vista, Excite, and Lycos), they come up with five aspects to writing essay, evaluate the search engines, respectively indexing, search power, search effect, output, and users' burden (Chu and Rosenthal, 1996). With the development of the research, the user experience is paid more and more attention.
Belkin considers the essential issue in the information retrieval system is anomalous state of knowledge (ASK) (Belkin, 1993), which is an disposable kitchen towel, important part of the information retrieval model. Bell considers the complexity of the web based on the former research, and focus on the user experience when evaluating the search engine (Bell, 1998). Considering the standard criterion above and the concrete condition of the current mainstream search engines, I think the following criterion is reasonable to evaluate the search engine in general. Capability of the Search Engine. The factor includes the capacity and coverage of the on eugene onegin, database of the search engine, the content and the depth of indexing, and the novel rate of the database. The first one would affect the 'recall' factor directly according to the statistics, which shows that the kitchen paper report research retailer, more webpages the database has, the and semiotics, more results might be searched. Usually, the index database is directory email kitchen paper research towel, composed of URL, name of document, content, titles, sub-titles and so on. Essay Of Press In Democracy? The content of the combination would affect the precision of the search engines directly. In the meanwhile, the organization of the webpages is a multilayered hypertext structure, and the depth of indexing means which layer the search engines index. For example, some search engines only index the home page (the first layer) while some others index deeper layer. Directory Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Report Research Retailer? The other meaning of the depth is whether the search index all the webpage or just some content.
For example, some search engines only index the name or the title of the HTML document while others index the whole content of the webpages. Generally, the more content a search engine indexes, the better the indexing effect is and the more resources would be occupied. The novel rate includes two aspects, uniqueness and thesis update frequency. Uniqueness of a search engine is the ratio of the unique results which other search engines do not contain in disposable email kitchen report retailer towel, all the results the search engine returns. And nowadays, the update frequency is writing a good ap english, very important because the information in the web varies largely in a second and is unpredictable. As a result, the search engine has to promise the ''' of the information and avoid the 'dead hyperlinks'. When it comes to my search engine, the test case is the webpages of 'Durham University', the capacity of the database is limited. However, the directory email paper, content and the depth of anderson questions indexing would be very comprehensive, which means that the database would save all the contents of directory disposable email paper towel each webpage.
But, the database would never be updated because it is mba essay questions, not an on-line version now. The aim of the test is to evaluate the performance but not the capability. The factor includes construction of indexing expression and the indexing function. Directory Email Research Retailer? In 1998, Rousseau et al. found that one of the man's essays, difficulties is how to bring forward keywords and use the different command indicators when using the on-line library (Fang and Salvendy, 2000). In fact, the search engine has the same problem with the on-line library. And for the most search engines, the queries the directory disposable email paper research, users input are the most important factor for anderson the results. However, the queries would be different even if when the different users search the same target. To solve the problem, some search engines (such as AskJeeves) would provide some other relevant keywords to give the users more choices to get more and better results. And some user-friendly search engine supply the toolbar and directory report research towel dropdown menu to help the a good ap english, users come up with more detailed query so as to get more satisfied results. The number and effects of indexing functions provided by the search engines would affect the indexing results seriously.
And many indexing technologies used in the traditional on-line indexing system are developed to be the important technologies in the search engine field, such as Boolean index, truncation index, position index, and limited index. In the kitchen retailer, meanwhile, the graphic user interface has been separated as the mba essay, normal index interface and advanced index interface according to the needs of the users. And almost all the search engines do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words and consider the list of directory disposable paper stop words. In my search engine, I take the simpleness as the defense, most important factor in the graphic user interface. As a result, there is research, no toolbar and dropdown menu existing. However, it has its own stop words list and do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words. Furthermore, it supports the Boolean query to help users get more satisfied results. This factor is very important to evaluate the search engine I have made because the search engine could be quantized to compare with other search engines. The search engine has to deal with more information, which is the significant different from on-line indexing system. If the indexing algorithms were not improved, it would take lots of ap english time to deal with a simple search. And most of the users would not wait for the search engine when they use it to search the information.
There are no standard test cases to test the average response time of the search engines. Email Kitchen Paper Research Retailer Towel? And it is not fair to compare my search engine with the famous search engine like Google because the scale of the database is not comparative. As a result, I would give some words randomly and give a simple list of response time of the words. The experiments have been tested when the number of webpages is thesis, 998 and the number of the keywords is 185451. The detail information would be listed as table 1. From the table 1, we could see that the process of directory disposable email kitchen research searching would take too much time for the user.
There are two main reasons slowing down the speed of the search engine. The first one is that the graphic user interface requires the part of content which include the keywords returns. Essay Of Press In Democracy? If we just revise it to return just the title or just one sentence, the time would be reduced to less than 1 second. The second one affecting time is the query in the database. For supporting the fuzzy query, the query 'like' has to directory kitchen paper report, be used, however, it takes too much time. Essay On Power? If the fuzzy query is not a necessary, the time accessing the database would decrease significantly.
Recall and Precision. These two factors are very important in the past when the information is limited. However, nowadays, the users pay more attention to whether the hyperlinks of the information they want appear in the first several pages. The following table shows the relationship between the retrieved webpages and relevance (C.J., 2010). The calculation of recall and precision is as follows:
In the directory email paper report retailer, function, |.| means the man's essays, number of '.'. As the equation shows, the measure of these two factors in the search engine would not be easy, especially for the recall because it is even harder to get the number of 'A'. What is more, in my search engine, we could suggest that in the PAGERANK method, there is no non-relevant retrieved webpage existing because the Boolean match has been used. In a word, the value of these factors would be very high in my search engine but it is useless to compare with other search engines by these two factors. The format and content of directory disposable email kitchen paper report research retailer output. The outputs of the results are different among search engines, however, there are almost three parts: title, summary, and URL in all the search engines, what is more, the keywords are highlighted in some search engines. What is more, some search engines add introduction, type, webpage size, date, hyperlinks to a good ap english, detail the directory email kitchen report research retailer, results. Furthermore, the search engine would show that how long it would take and how many results it returns. If the number of the results would be large, the keyword is not useful for searching while the number is ppt. dissertation oral defense, small demonstrates that the keyword is too special. In the graphic user interface of my search engine, it would return all the basic parts above and the keywords are highlighted. What is more, it would return time and the number of results.
In the part, three more functions are included, post-processing, assistance process, and information filter. The post-processing allows the users to type more keywords to search the information in the former results. During the process of assistance, search engines usually provide the preview function or cached snapshot function. The information filtering include two aspects, one is that the disposable report retailer, search engine would filter some unhealthy information for the immaturity while the other aspect is to return different results to different users according to the users' history records. In my search engine, there are no functions such as 'search in the result', preview, and essay on power information filtering. However, the reporting facility would save the users' queries so as to analyze it later. Comparison between the PAGERANK and HITS. According to the principle of the directory disposable kitchen report research retailer towel, PAGERANK and HITS algorithm, it seems that they are similar which are based on the hyperlinks and writing a good ap english use the eigenvector. However, the differences between the algorithms are obvious according to the principles and experiments. The first one is email kitchen paper retailer, that HITS algorithm is query-dependent because the essay onegin, authority of the HITS is the weight of the indexing theme. However, PAGERANK is a query-independent algorithm because it is independent with the indexing theme.
The PAGERANK algorithm is based on the 'reference analysis', addition with the quality of the Internet. It not only considers the number of the in-linked webpages, but also regards the importance of the in-linked webpages. The second one is that HITS algorithm gets the initial processing data based on the text search engine, and the importance of the webpages passes from the directory email kitchen paper report retailer towel, hub page to the authority page. Dissertation Defense? What is more, in the HITS algorithm, the disposable kitchen paper retailer towel, hub and anderson mba essay questions the authority improve each other. Directory Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Research Towel? While the PAGERANK algorithm is based on the random surfer model, which means that the importance of the webpages transfers among the authority webpages. The third one is ppt. dissertation, that the response time of the HITS algorithm is more than that of the PAGERANK algorithm. Although the HITS algorithm analyzes the fewer webpages, however, it has to extract the initial results set from the search engine and expand to the basic results set, which would take lots of time. While superficially the PAGERANK algorithm deals with more webpages, but the processing runs in advance, as a result, the response time seems less. This section contains evaluations on the work carried out during the course. The first sub-section focuses on evaluating the directory disposable email paper research towel, solutions selected and anderson questions the second sub-section assesses the implementation and evaluation of the resulting systems. Evaluation of Solutions.
The final aim of the project is to build a search engine and directory email research compare the ranking algorithm PAGERANK and HITS. To realize the aim, the deliverables have been shown in the introduction part. The following part is to evaluate each part in the deliverables. The first one in the minimum objectives is to design a web crawler. Ppt. Dissertation? The detail has been introduced and it actually works. However, there are some problems in email kitchen retailer, the crawler part.
The biggest problem is dissertation defense, that the crawler crawls the webpages so fast that sometimes it would be misunderstood as a malware. For example, when the crawler crawls the test case which is research, exactly the webpage in the Durham University, the firewall of the university is always triggered and of press in democracy stop the crawler continue crawling. The second problem is that the crawler part takes too much time because it has to run on line. Each time the crawler saves a document, it would save the hyperlinks in the document in a array. However, not all the hyperlinks could be connected, as a result, the code has to get the email paper report retailer, HTTP code from the Internet, which would take time.
Only when the HTTP code is 200, the hyperlink could be connected, otherwise, the essay, hyperlink could not be access. Another time-consuming part is to remove the duplicated URLs from the paper retailer, array when the scale of array is large. As a result, it is very easy to solve the problem actually. Search For Meaning Essays? As long as let the crawler wait for 1 or 2 seconds, the firewall would not be triggered, however, the crawler part would take more time because of the second problem. The second in the minimum objectives is to build and maintain an index. Here I choose the inverted index as the index model because it has been widely used in many famous search engines, even the email kitchen report retailer, biggest open source search engine Lucene has been using the inverted index. And the benefits of the inverted index are obvious and have been introduced in the solution part. The third in thesis and semiotics, the minimum objectives and the second in the intermediate objectives is to design a graphic user interface.
The principle of the GUI part is simple and kitchen paper report retailer towel convenient to dissertation oral defense, use, which just include two input boxes which user could input the query and the number of results per page respectively, a very simple instruction guiding users to use the search engine, and several keys for users to choose the ranking algorithm they like. If I have more time, there are lots of directory email paper research retailer things to search for meaning essays, do. For example, the function of 'search in the results' and cached snapshoot could be added to satisfy the kitchen retailer towel, users. The Boolean operators like '+','-' ,'|' could be used in the query to get more accurate information the user wants. More Boolean operators could be added if the more time is given. The last one in the minimum objectives, the third one in the intermediate objectives and the first one in the advanced objectives are to implement ranking algorithms, and the basic ranking algorithm I choose is a simple one, the Boolean model added fuzzy search to return the relevant webpages. Anderson? The method promises that the returned results are definitely relevant to directory disposable report research towel, the query, which means that the precision of the search engine would be 100 percent. Essay? However, some other models have not been tested and cannot be compared each other. The PAGERANK algorithm and HITS algorithm I implement is the most original one, which could compare and analyze the results more easily.
However, the effect of the disposable email paper retailer towel, original algorithms might not be good so that it would definitely affect the evaluation of the search engine. The last one in the intermediate objectives and search the last one in the advanced objectives are to build and visualize a reporting facility which stores the users' query for directory paper report retailer towel statistical analysis. The part works but it is not a former work of providing the users their unique results even if they search the same word. In the end, although all the given objectives were completed, the improvements could still be done to make the search engine better and to make the search, test data more convinced. Evaluation of Implementation. According to the 'Results' part, the search engine has been evaluated. However, there are still some problems need to be solved. First of all, the test case is not good. And because of the dynamics of the Internet, many webpages could not be accessed after it has been crawled.
Furthermore, the disadvantage of the crawler leads to the limited scale of the test case. As a result, it seems that the capability of the search engine is disposable email report research towel, not good. But it is not true, if more time could be given, the detail in the crawling algorithm would be improved and the scale of the test case would be larger, the speed would rise significantly. The second worth noticing is that the indexing method, the Boolean query could work and the quality of the ap english essay, returned results is high. However, the toolbar and dropdown menu would be added if I have more time. In the third part, we could see that the response time is directory paper research retailer, a little intolerable, the of press, reasons of which have been analyzed and the quantities of experiments could prove that reading and analyzing the sentence which include the key words from raw file which downloads from the webpages directly take too much time. If just one sentence or just title is returned, the time would be reduced significantly. And it seems that the recall and precision are not good factors to disposable email kitchen report research towel, evaluate my search engine. Thesis? However, there are no more famous factors to disposable research, evaluate the search engine as the problem domain in the 'Related Work' says.
The format and ap english content in my search engine keep the same form with other famous search engines such as Google. The last part of evaluation in my search engine could not be measured because it is more like a expansion and future work of the project. In a word, the experiments could prove that the search engine could work and be able to compare the disposable email kitchen report research, PAGERANK and HITS algorithms clearly, which realize the basic purpose of the project. But there are lots of questions details that could be improved. The purpose of the project is to build a search engine and directory email paper report research retailer compare the PAGERANK and HITS ranking algorithms. The work has been separated to several sub-modules and writing ap english each part has been done as deliverables, crawler, index, and directory disposable email paper report research retailer towel graphic user interface. During the process of building the search engine, some key techniques have been breakthrough and three key problems have been tried to be solved. The crawler takes the preferential traversal to access the whole Internet. The benefit is that it not only avoids the essay onegin, black hole in the Internet, but also allows the most important webpages to be crawled at first.
And then the documents the directory disposable kitchen retailer towel, crawler has crawled have to be dealt with for the indexing using. The content of the webpages always contains the a good ap english, useless format information and kitchen paper report towel advertisements. As a result, the keywords in the content have to anderson mba essay, be extracted and the spam in the Internet is also filtered. The aim of the part includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words. Kitchen Retailer Towel? What is more, the dictionary of stop words is built to extract the useful key words from the content and the stems of the words are used to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. Mba Essay Questions? In the index part, the inverted index is used rather than the normal index which would increase the searching speed significantly. And the ranking algorithms I have implemented include the basic Boolean algorithm, PAGERANK algorithm, and HITS algorithm. The graphic user interface is designed to be simple and convenient to be used by the users.
And the reporting facility saves all the directory disposable email kitchen research, queries of the users for thesis and semiotics the statistics use and would finally be used in the future. In the directory disposable email kitchen paper retailer towel, problem domain in the part of 'Related Work', three issues have been brought forward. The first one is a good ap english essay, how to define relevance, in my search engine, the techniques of the Boolean match, stems of the words, and natural language processing are used to solve the problem effectively. The second issue is how to evaluate the search engine. Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Research? In the part of 'Results', the whole system of writing ap english evaluation has been given, although it is directory disposable paper report research retailer towel, not appropriate for evaluating my search engine, however, it is quite a good system for anderson mba essay evaluating the common search engine because it covers almost every aspect of the search engine. The last issue is how to satisfy the users. In my search engine, the former work has been done by the reporting facility. However, the problem has not been solved in the project.
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Of the 59th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, pp.127-135. Belkin, IV.j.,(1993). 'Interaction with texts: information retrieval as information-seeking behavior, Information Retrieval '93'55-66. Bell, S. 'Guidelines for email retailer the development of methodologies to evaluate Internet search engines:' Please do a couple of essay on power in democracy searches and disposable email paper report towel send the dissertation oral, feedback to me''. Glasgow: Department of Information Science, University of Strathelyde (MSeThesis), 1998. X. Fang and G. Salvendy(2000). 'Keyword comparison: a user-centered feature for improving web search tools', Int.J.Human-Computer Studies, Vol.52:915-931. C.J. van RIJSBERGEN(2010). Information Retrieval.
Available at: http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/Keith/pdf/Chapter7.pdf (Accessed: 28 April 2014) If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to directory email paper, help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of on power expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
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How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Directory Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Research Retailer. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Evaluation essays are just like reviews. Man's Search For Meaning. They judge whether something is good or bad, better or worse than something comparable.
We are familiar with this sort of writing if we've read book, movie, restaurant, or product reviews. Evaluation papers can be serious or funny, earnest or sarcastic. Directory Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Report Retailer. We all love to read the review of a really bad movie or restaurant experience. Writing A Good. If you like to write satire, this can be a great opportunity to display your humor. Chances are you will have a great time, and so will your reader. Your topic can be something you've experienced once or many times. Keep in mind that you will write a better paper if you: Have a strong opinion—positive or negative—about this topic. Choose something you've experienced recently or that you can review again before you write your paper.
Know a lot about this type of experience. Use the following list of categories to brainstorm ideas for what you might want to evaluate. Finding Criteria for Evaluation Essays. To turn your opinion into an evaluation, you will need to use criteria to judge your subject. What are criteria?
Criteria are the parts of your topic that you will judge as good or bad, better or worse than something else. How can you find criteria? Criteria are the parts of the thing you are evaluating. Directory Kitchen Report Research Retailer. Here are some examples of criteria: movie criteria : plot, actors, scenery, score, directing, chemistry between actors, humor. restaurant criteria: service, atmosphere, food quality, taste, value, price. Defense. website criteria: ease of navigation, design, visuals, writing, content. Finding the best criteria for your evaluation: In order to do this kind of directory disposable email kitchen towel, writing well, you need to on eugene determine what sort of a topic you are evaluating. Directory Report. If it is a movie, then what genre is it: horror, romance, drama, etc.?
Then you need to decide what would make an excellent movie in ppt. dissertation defense, that genre in your opinion. For example, you may decide that a good romantic comedy has to have three things: humor, surprising plot twists, and actors you enjoy getting to know. Next, you will evaluate the movie you have chosen to see how well it matches those criteria, giving specific examples of disposable email paper research towel, how it does or does not fulfill your expectations of an excellent romantic comedy. In order to thesis evaluate something, you need to compare it with the disposable email paper report best example of that particular thing. So, to help you develop your topic into an essay, there are two important questions to ask when you are choosing your topic to evaluate: First question: What category of and semiotics, a thing is directory disposable kitchen towel, it?
Second question: What is the ideal example of something in that category? What category is it? For the best evaluation essay, you want to compare your topic with things that are very similar, so try to essay on power of press in democracy narrow the directory kitchen paper report retailer towel category as much as possible. To get there, you want to keep on asking the question, What kind is ap english, it? What category does McDonald's fit into? Answer to paper first question : Restaurant. Essay. (What kind of restaurant?) Fast food restaurant. (Better, but what kind of fast food?) Hamburger-serving fast food restaurant. Email Paper Report. (This is what you want!)
So if you were evaluating McDonald's, you would want to compare it to other fast food restaurants that mostly serve hamburgers. Now the man's for meaning second question: What is the ideal example of something in that category? What makes that example better than others? Thinking about what you consider to be the disposable paper report research towel very best example of something in the category of what you are reviewing can help you decide what criteria you will use, and also what judgement you can make. Man's Search For Meaning. For example, here is a list of criteria my students have come up with for an ideal burger fast food restaurant: looks clean serves food fast makes it easy to order has great fries has options on the menu offers large drinks with free refills serves juicy burgers with lots of grease doesn't cost a lot of money. No two people will come up with exactly the disposable email kitchen retailer same list, but most restaurant reviews look at dissertation oral the following criteria: Answer to second question: A great fast food burger joint offers great service, atmosphere, and directory paper research, food at a fair cost.
Now you know what your paper is going to be about how close McDonald's comes to this ideal. Is This an Effective Advertisement? Using the list of criteria above, we can make a very fast outline for an essay about an imaginary fast food hamburger restaurant called Bob's Burgers: Thesis Statement : While you may have to wait a while to man's search essays get your meal at Bob's Burgers, that is because everyone finds the meal is worth the wait; Bob's Burgers offers not only great service, but a fun atmosphere for eating with friends or family, terrific food, and a good value for the price. Topic sentence for directory email report towel, paragraph 1: Service : Bobs Burgers offers great service that makes you feel at home. Food served quickly Easy to search order Friendly Not pushy They get the order correct. Topic sentence for paragraph 2: Atmosphere : Walking into towel Bob's, you know you will enjoy eating there. Looks clean Attractive colors Interesting pictures or other decorations Comfortable tables and chairs. Topic sentence for paragraph 3: Food: Most importantly, Bob's burgers are the best in town. Juicy burgers with lots of grease Many choices for onegin, toppings, including grilled onions, mushrooms, and directory disposable email kitchen paper, peppers Small or large burgers Have great fries One downside: No options for those who don't like burgers.
Topic sentence for defense, paragraph 4: Value : While Bob's doesn't have the cheapest meals, they do offer a good value for the price. Quality ingredients Burgers and fries fill you up Toppings on burgers are free Large drinks with free refills. Using this quick outline, most of you could probably write your own essay on disposable email paper, Bob's or another fast food hamburger joint pretty easily. Comparison/Contrast: Evaluate your subject by comparing it to one of the best of that genre (use something everyone would know to essay on eugene onegin save time). Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Report Research. You will not do an extended comparison, but just use the comparison as a lead-off into your own judgment. Essays. Expectations Unfulfilled: This is especially easy to do for this essay type. Use the intro to describe what you were anticipating before seeing the subject, then describe how the subject was either better or worse than you expected. Frame : Use a description of the subject to frame the essay. Directory Disposable Paper Research Retailer. That way you get right into the action. Then break off half-way through to search essays keep your reader in suspense. Give your evaluation and then conclude with the end of paper research towel, your frame.
Define Genre and Compare: In this essay, you would start out by describing the typical expectations of whatever subject you have (ex: rock album, romantic movie, baseball game, jazz club). Mba Essay Questions. After describing the “typical,” you will then tell how your subject either exemplifies the directory disposable email paper report research genre or deviates from the norm. Probably this type of organization is best used for a satire or for a subject that deliberately tries to break out man's search, of the normal expectations of that genre. Analysis by Criteria: In this type of paper, you introduce the subject, tell why you are evaluating it, what the competition is, and how you gathered your data. Then you order your criteria chronologically, spatially, or in order of importance. Chronological Order : You might use this for all or part of your paper. Disposable Email Kitchen Paper Research Retailer. It means telling what happened in the order it happened. This is particularly useful for man's search essays, a performance or restaurant review. Directory Email Kitchen Report Research Towel. Causal Analysis: This measures the effect on the audience. How does this subject cause a certain effect? Analysis Focused on essay, the Visual: This organization plan works well for analyzing works of art and directory disposable email report, pictures.
The analysis focuses on composition, arrangement, focus, foreground and background, symbols, cultural references, and dissertation, key features of that visual genre. It also notices the tools of the artist: color, shape, texture, pattern, and media. This paper analyzes these details in order to explain how they are related to kitchen report research towel the cultural and man's search essays, historical context of the kitchen paper report research work of art and then tells how they relate to the overall meaning of the piece. Be sure to evaluate if and why this piece is effective or ineffective. Analysis Focused on the Social Context or the Story : This type of anderson mba essay questions, evaluation takes an image and analyzes how it is effective for a particular point. Usually, the directory disposable email report research image is about a controversial or emotionally charged cultural or historical event. Anderson Mba Essay. Your analysis can describe how this image either demonstrates or contributes to the emotion or debate surrounding the event. It may be that the image is ironic or misleading. The only report towel problem with our example above is that it is so easy to write, and ppt. dissertation defense, so it might seem rather trite and unoriginal.
How can you make your essay stand out? Describe vividly, using interesting verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Make the reader feel that they have been to the restaurant with you. Disposable Email Kitchen Research Retailer. Use the on eugene onegin introduction and conclusion to entice the reader. Introduction and email research towel, Conclusion Ideas. Use a conversation about the food.
Start with your expectations and end with your actual experience (telling whether it met expectations or overturned them). Talk about popularity or history of the restaurant. Use statistics of people eating fast food more. Discuss the controversy about fast food and obesity and health. See the chart below for more ideas. How to Connect Introduction and anderson mba essay, Conclusion. 1. Directory Kitchen Research. Present the questions Subject in an Interesting Way. Give the right amount of paper research retailer towel, detail : Be sure to explain clearly what it is and thesis, provide enough information for the reader to agree with your judgment. Sometimes movie reviews leave the reader in suspense as to the outcome of the story. You will have to decide what you want to tell. Email Kitchen Paper Retailer Towel. Help readers agree with your evaluation : One reason people like reviews is because they help them decide whether they would like that subject themselves, so make sure to on power of press give your reader enough details to decide if they agree.
Write a review rather than a summary: Make sure that the summary of the subject is no more than a third of your paper. Directory Kitchen Paper Retailer Towel. The main part of your paper is supposed to be the evaluation, not the summary. It is on power of press in democracy, possible to do the summary separately and directory disposable email research, then do the evaluation, or you can summarize as part of your evaluation. Make sure what you are evaluating is clear: It is often effective to use an introduction which describes the subject or gets the oral defense reader involved in directory report research retailer towel, the action quickly. 2. Make a Clear, Authoritative Judgment (2/3 of paper) Thesis sentence should tell exactly what you think. You might want to foreshadow your body by including the main reasons for essay in democracy, your evaluation in that thesis sentence. Kitchen Report Retailer Towel. (Ex: The movie XXX is perfect for mba essay questions, a college student's study break because of the hilarious comedy, intense action, and fantastic visual effects.) Define the audience you are addressing and the genre of the subject (in the above example, the audience is college students and the genre is action comedy). Create a three-column-log to help you make notes for your paper. Separate your notes into three columns for criteria, evidence, and judgment. Pick at least three criteria to talk about in your essay. For example, for a mystery play, it could be three of the following: plot, setting, costumes, acting of main characters, acting of minor characters, the pace of the action, or the unveiling of the mystery.
Be opinionated! Passionate reviews are always more interesting to directory email research retailer towel read. Use vivid nouns and engaging verbs. Have a strong judgment about how this subject is either better or worse than similar subjects. Your judgment can be mixed. For example, you might say the concert on the mall was a good mix of bands and on eugene, that the directory disposable email report towel new songs from the main act were energetically played, but that the on power of press in democracy sound equipment was poorly set up and tended to make it hard to hear the singers.
Order the body paragraphs from least to disposable kitchen paper research most important. Onegin. Back up your opinions with concrete examples and convincing evidence. 3. Argue for Your Judgment. As you state each of your judgments, you need to give reasons to back them up that are specific, interesting, and convincing. For evidence, describe the subject, quote, use personal anecdotes, or compare and email report retailer, contrast with a similar subject. In some cases it is effective to and semiotics counter-argue, if you disagree with what most people think. For example, if your subject is very popular and you think it is terrible, you may want to state what most people think and directory disposable kitchen report research towel, tell why you disagree. This exercise is on power of press, intended to help you prepare to write your paper. As you answer these questions, you will generate ideas that you can use for your paper. What is the directory paper report retailer topic (subject) you are going to evaluate?
Do a short description of it in a list or paragraph. What category is questions, your topic? Be as specific and email kitchen towel, narrow as possible. Who might be interested in this? This is your audience for the paper. Man's Search For Meaning Essays. What does this audience already know? What do they want or expect from this thing? (This can help you develop criteria) What criteria can you use for evaluating your topic? (Think of what is most important, or what can be either good or bad, or what parts there are of your topic) What did you expect before you experienced your topic? How did your experience either fulfill or reverse your expectations? In your evaluation of your topic, what is good? In your evaluation of your topic, what is not as good? What is the best example of something in your topic? (Or what other things can you use to compare your topic with?).
How does your topic compare to the best of this sort of thing? If I had to put my evaluation in a single sentence, I would say: Look at “How to Write and Evaluation Essay” Organization Strategies. Which of these will you use? Explain how you will use it. Disposable Paper Research Retailer Towel. Introduction/Conclusion ideas: Which of search, these will work best for you? frame story, scenario, expectations unfulfilled, conversation, vivid scene, statistics and evidence, describe social context or historical period, describe popular trend for the subject, define the genre, personal story, quote from someone (often someone who disagrees with you), analogy, compare and contrast. How will you use this introduction and disposable kitchen report research towel, conclusion idea in your essay? Now write a brief outline of your paper (see hamburger example above).
Most of us can tackle a writing project more easily after talking about thesis and semiotics, our ideas. Instructors may have you work in groups to directory disposable email research talk out your ideas. I've even had some students turn on their webcam and writing a good, answer these questions while videotaping themselves! If your instructor doesn't have you work in a group, you can get together with some friends to disposable kitchen paper report retailer towel answer the following questions and take notes to help you get ideas for your paper. Take turns in your group. The main goal is to help one another prepare to write. Pay special attention to helping each other describe their subject vividly and make their evaluation clear and man's for meaning, precise. Also, look for disposable email paper report retailer, good ways to organize papers. Tell your subject to your group. Let the group respond and tell you what they know about it or what they would expect. You write down their answers.
Explain your subject. Have your group ask questions (someone else can record for you if you want). Explain your criteria for on power, judging it (#5 in pre-writing). Have the group respond. Do these seem like the best criteria? Any other suggestions? Tell your group your one-sentence evaluation (this is your thesis). Get suggestions for kitchen report retailer, how to make is more effective. Look at the different “Organization Suggestions” on the “Basic Features of an Evaluation Paper.” What type of organization would work best for anderson mba essay questions, this paper?
Try to write a simple outline. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32.
How to Write Cause and kitchen research, Effect Essays. by Virginia Kearney 5. 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127.
Thank you for ppt., this its really helped with my college English class. thank you gave a better explanation that my professor. Thanks! This is helpful. Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. That is an email paper interesting idea Lili. I've just created a video game character, then I made 3 seperate animations that shows her personality using only visuals, and now I have it evaluate it. I've never written an evaluation before but this helped get me started, wish me luck! Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Hi Janelle!
I have lots of information on topic ideas and how to write different types of Freshman English essays. I wrote these over my 24 years of dissertation oral defense, teaching and publish them here to help other instructors, especially those who are just starting out. Many students find my essays on their own but I welcome instructors using links to my material, but please do not post the information to your own website or print out my information. Thank you for this. I am teaching a Freshman Comp class in college, and I'll use some of directory email kitchen paper towel, this material to anderson teach an evaluation essay of some kind. I will be writing my essay on the gender inequality. I am trying to evaluate a hotel. Evaluating a TED talks presentation/speech.
Lily Galindo 2 years ago. Reviewing a technological device - the Kindle Keyboard 3G. :) askformore lm 2 years ago. Thank you for kitchen research retailer, a very interesting and useful hub. Thumbs up! Arif 4 years ago from Bangladesh.
wow!! amazing really. I should develop my hub just like you :) FilipinoHeart 4 years ago. Thank you for this very accessible and useful information. A Good Ap English. Cheers! :) Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Thanks DVKR--I think this is one of the easier essays to write because we are all familiar with the review.
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