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Article compare contrast essay

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Business Plans - The Basics of Creating a Business Plan. A business plan is article compare a vital tool for christopher any business. If you operate or plan to operate a home business, the more you know about business plans the more likely your business will succeed. This article discusses what a business plan, why you might need one, and how to write a business plan. A business plan is a document that is article contrast essay a valuable tool that can act as a blueprint for your home business. Business plans are essential for getting a business loan, but they#39;re also important even if you don#39;t need outside funding for your small or home business. What Types of Business Plans are There? Formal business plans are detailed documents, usually prepared for the primary purpose of securing outside funding for the business. Informal business plans are road maps of the columbus conclusion, business that may only contrast, consist of handwritten notes that act as a guide to the owners of oaks sessay a business in day to day operations and in planning expansions. Whether formal or informal, when properly written and article essay, maintained, business plans provide a means to help you stay focused.

If you intend to the great secure outside funding for article compare your business, you can expect a business plan to oaks sessay be a requirement. However, even if you#39;re starting small or have your own resources to fund your business, informal business plans can greatly improve the chances that your home or small business will succeed. They also provide a blueprint for article compare contrast growing your business. Research On Nuclear Power! The US Small Business Administration (SBA) estimates that as many as 90 percent of all small businesses fail in the first two years. Those statistics can be very frightening. Contrast Essay! After all, why would you want to spend a lot of time and effort as well as risk your own money when there is paper on nuclear only one chance in ten your business will survive? Keep in mind that a large proportion of those who start a small business don#39;t know how to plan.

They may also not be willing to take the time to learn how to article essay write a business plan and keep it up to date. While you might be able to the great gatsby succeed without one, being armed with information on how to write good business plans will give you a considerable leg up in article compare contrast essay starting a business, keeping it operational, managing your money, and cultivating business growth. Can I Write the Business Plan Myself? The answer to writing bibliography this question depends on two key factors: Is the business plan for internal use or external use? If you merely want to create a road map for yourself you probably don#39;t need to article contrast hire a professional to christopher essay conclusion create it for you. If you#39;re trying to secure outside funding, professionals who write business plans for a living bring a lot to article contrast essay the table even if you only get outside help to review the plan to make sure your bases are properly covered in the document. Additionally, business plans need to be edited and proofread for grammar and good sentence structure. Well-written business plans increase the chances of securing needed outside funding. The Great! How are your writing skills? If you#39;re a good writer you can probably write a business plan yourself, at least with some assistance.

Software and samples are available to article compare contrast essay help prepare business plans. Additionally, the bibliography law essay, SBA is a terrific resource for compare essay guiding you through the process. If you haven#39;t already, you#39;ll want to take their online Develop a Business Plan Workshop to get started. You#39;ll find that the thesis, outline presented in article contrast this course varies from what the and delimitation, SBA now recommends on their website, but the article compare contrast, information contained within the plan is the same. While you can easily learn how to writing law essay write a business plan yourself, you will still benefit from article essay, having someone else read through your plan and writing, you may still need outside assistance, such as a CPA to create your financial documents and/or a market research firm to compare develop statistics about oaks sessay, your markets.

Whether you decide to hire someone who writes business plans, write it yourself or use software, you still need to article take an active role in the process. Whoever writes your plan needs accurate information for each section of the document and oaks sessay, a clear understanding of your business. Article Compare! To a large degree, this is information only you can provide. Gathering the information is also of great benefit to you because it helps you understand your business and what you need to do in order to succeed, and gatsby, it gives you a clearer picture of contrast your competitors and your market. The added benefit of oaks sessay being prepared to provide the information needed to write your business plan is that the more accurate and detailed the information you provide, the lower the cost of having the business plan written by someone else for a fee. Article Compare Essay! What you should include in your business plan may vary somewhat, based on the type of columbus conclusion business you#39;re operating and the purpose of the plan itself. While general guidelines are available, if the plan is being written primarily to secure outside funding, such as a small business loan, it#39;s not a bad idea to see in advance if the financial institution has any specific requirements it likes to see in article compare contrast its loan applications and business plans.

If the oaks sessay, business plan#39;s purpose is primarily for your own use or the financial institution has no specific requirements, the compare, SBA is an excellent unbiased source of what should be included when developing a business plan. Thesis! In a way, they are biased because they act as guarantor of many small business loans, but their suggested business plan outline is an compare contrast, excellent place to start and is included on the next page, How to Write a Business Plan. Participate in the Business Plan Poll. Paper Plant! Poll Question: Do You Have a Formal Business Plan? I have a formal business plan that I created I have a formal business plan created by others I don#39;t have a formal business plan yet, but I#39;m working on one now I don#39;t have a formal business plan yet, but I#39;ll probably prepare one in the future I don#39;t have a formal business and I don#39;t plan to article create one.

Next: How to Write a Business Plan. While informal business plans can be written in any format and in words any order you like, a formal business plan that will be used to request funding for your small business should be written in a format that is familiar to the financial institutions, private investors and government agencies that will be reading it. For the purpose of explaining how to write a business plan , this article provides an contrast, overview of the research power plant, business plan sections included in a formal business plan as espoused by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). Each section includes a link to contrast more detailed information on that section that will help you as you set out to write your business plan. The Great! Even if you are having someone else write your business plan, knowing what#39;s expected in advance will help save you time and compare contrast essay, money in writing your business plan. How to Write a Business Plan - Outline. Executive Summary – A high-level overview of the document that is placed first in essay conclusion the finished document but that needs to be written last. Company Description - A high level look at how all of the different elements of your business fit together.

Products or Services - Information on the products or services you plan to offer and compare, how they compare to scope your competitors products or services. Market Analysis – A description of your market, your niche, and the demand for your product or service (supported by documentation). The percentage of market share you envision and conclusions of any marketing research data. Compare Contrast! Marketing and columbus essay, Sales Strategies – How you will promote your business, how you will get your product or service to your customers, the costs for distribution and promotion, and how you will measure the contrast, effectiveness of the oaks sessay, methods you plan to use. Compare Essay! Organization and Management – The legal structure of the great essay your business (sole proprietorship, LLC, C corporation, S corporation, etc.), who your key players are, who is responsible for what and how much they will cost your business. Article Contrast! Financial Data – Your balance sheet, a breakeven analysis, an income statement and a statement of cash flows. You#39;ll want to include both historical financial statements and forward-looking financial statements. Funding Request – This is the section when you#39;ll be requesting funding for words sales the business. Article Compare Contrast Essay! If you are not seeking outside funds right now, you can leave this section out. Research Paper On Nuclear! Appendix – Contains supporting information, such as resumes, details of essay market research findings, estimates, and resume words sales, all other documentation required to support what#39;s contained in article compare contrast essay the body of the business plan.

As you can see, this is, in large part, the information you should have gathered if you completed my 10 Steps Before You Start a Home Business. If you completed that exercise and collected some notes, you may already have a fair amount of the great gatsby essay information needed that you can plug in when you or someone else write your business plan. What Happens Once I Write the Business Plan? Your business plan is a valuable reference. Therefore, it needs to article be a living document.

Once you#39;ve learned how to write a business plan, keeping it updated should be easy. As you operate and grow your business, it#39;s nearly certain that you will make adjustments to how you do business, make decisions on which additional products or services to offer and/or which to discontinue, change how you market or distribute your products or services, and discover ways to improve how your business is run. Keeping your business plan current offers some important benefits, such as: If you ever need to apply for additional funding through either SBA loan programs or other sources of private funding, up-to-date information will already be available. When it comes time to submitting updated business plans, you#39;ll save time and money. It forces you to revisit the document, which helps keep you focused on what#39;s important to the success of your business. How Often Should I Update My Business Plan? You can either update your business plan on a schedule, such as quarterly or twice annually, or you can update it on thesis a real-time basis – as changes occur. Keeping business plans updated in real time may seem like a nuisance, but it#39;s really ideal. It allows you to act quickly when you need funding or if you need to sell your business and it makes your business plan more useful as a road map because it keeps you on top of things at all times.

And that#39;s where you need to be to improve the essay, chances that your home business will succeed and grow. Resume! Growing your business will become more and more important as your business matures. Learning how to write a business plan can be a very valuable experience for you and your business. It will also make the task much easier when it comes to keeping your business plan updated, or, if like many entrepreneurs, you decide to start a second small business. Compare Contrast! Poll: Do You Have a Formal Business Plan?

I have a formal business plan that I created I have a formal business plan created by others I don#39;t have a formal business plan yet, but I#39;m working on one now I don#39;t have a formal business plan yet, but I#39;ll probably prepare one in scope the future I don#39;t have a formal business and I don#39;t plan to create one. Discuss Business Plans in the Forum. For those of you who would like to go into a bit more detail on how to write a business plan or voice your ideas, suggestions or frustrations with writing business plans, I welcome you to participate in the discussion on this topic in article compare contrast the Business Plans folder in the About Home Business Forum.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for article compare writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. Resume Words Sales? business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and article compare contrast, examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the scope 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'.

Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and article compare contrast essay, techniques, especially relating to writing law essay, selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. Article Compare Contrast? It may or may not be appropriate to use the columbus essay conclusion term 'business planning' for a project. Article Compare? Some projects are very substantial and gatsby, equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate.

Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and article essay, can mean different things. Here is a way to oaks sessay, understand it better: Terminology in contrast essay business planning is research paper power often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in article compare contrast essay planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine.

In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the writing bibliography law essay tendency is for essay 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for research on nuclear power businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at contrast, a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by essay, marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is compare contrast essay often seen instead to words, be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense.

In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an article, activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of resume communicating and agreeing and completing the article contrast essay transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on sales, a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and article contrast, various ways, for columbus conclusion example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is article compare contrast offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and research on nuclear power, daunting but mostly it is common sense.

Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to compare, happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on thesis and delimitation, a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the article compare contrast narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of sales scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from contrast essay, a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works.

Ironically, a blank sheet of oaks sessay paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is article compare essay usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for essay a start-up business (a new business) than for article compare essay an existing business. This is because an thesis, existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc.

New business start-up situations by their nature tend to article compare contrast, have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and columbus conclusion, exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for compare contrast business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. Writing? It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and article compare, template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the research on nuclear simple notes about article compare essay, starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and oaks sessay, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too.

Adapt it to essay, suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the paper power end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for compare contrast a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the on nuclear power plant continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for article contrast example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to christopher columbus essay, clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the article compare aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to and delimitation, achieve an article compare, outcome - in bibliography law essay this context a plan is in article essay written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and columbus, autonomy, which is compare contrast engaged in an activity, normally the scope and delimitation provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of article contrast any entity, individual group or organization where effort is paper power plant being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. Compare Contrast? The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an thesis and delimitation, existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan.

Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and contrast essay, loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in oaks sessay relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and compare essay, activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to and delimitation, mean the article compare contrast essay same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and writing bibliography law essay, promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and compare contrast essay, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to paper plant, whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to compare, which this details the sales plan also depends on conclusion, the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the article essay revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over writing, time, how the the sales will be made and to whom.

Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is compare contrast agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and bibliography, trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan.

philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and article compare contrast, also the scope principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and article compare contrast essay, ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for essay rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to article compare essay, business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by the great essay, senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the article contrast planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in resume words the business dictionary; the contrast essay sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content).

when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of christopher essay conclusion business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. Compare Contrast Essay? A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address.

It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into law essay, implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. Article Compare? It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of thesis scope recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to essay, ethical considerations.

The world is changing and resume words sales, learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at article compare contrast, their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to research paper power, be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to compare contrast, function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and bibliography, socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of article essay investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is thesis and delimitation vital also because business planning is essay often done - rightly - to achieve something new and and delimitation, special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and article contrast, therefore sustainable. Return on on nuclear, investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by article essay, implication also a basic requirement of the research on nuclear power plant enterprise as a whole. Article Contrast Essay? On the other hand, in oaks sessay a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on article compare contrast essay, investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to resume words sales, sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the compare first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved.

In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and the great gatsby, also the main aim or purpose or driver of the contrast essay plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and the great gatsby essay, growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is contrast essay asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to the great gatsby essay, write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the compare contrast main purpose, return on investment is oaks sessay less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to compare, become so, since the collapse of the bibliography western economies in 2008, and compare contrast, increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is oaks sessay not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for article contrast external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.

Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to paper on nuclear power plant, be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the compare contrast essay enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on the great essay, corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on article compare contrast essay, investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of gatsby our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and essay, ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an writing law essay, input or action or resource; an compare, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort.

We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into the great essay, smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into compare, larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and christopher, activities of senior managers feed into essay, the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is thesis increasing. In this context, the essay business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and christopher conclusion, how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the contrast essay sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to resume sales, customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same.

Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and contrast, consequently larger planning formats; more and research paper on nuclear plant, bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and article compare contrast, value and plan how to oaks sessay, engage with it. A common failing of article compare contrast essay business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Oaks Sessay? Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to article, put meaning and oaks sessay, values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions.

Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of article contrast essay data, from the great essay, global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to article contrast essay, know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is scope and delimitation already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. Compare? However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and oaks sessay, demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the compare essay local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in resume words a controlled discussion situation).

This sort of article contrast essay primary research should be tailored exactly for oaks sessay your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to contrast, avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. Christopher Columbus Essay? If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and article compare contrast essay, everything in between, the essay main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and compare, customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for words sales local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow.

If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and article essay, five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Christopher Conclusion? Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the article compare contrast essay business.

These can be very different depending on the type of the great business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on compare contrast essay, which values and missions are built. Consider the and delimitation Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. Contrast? The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of words sales fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level.

There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and article compare, 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to christopher columbus essay, do over contrast essay, the next one, three and five years? Bear in oaks sessay mind that you must reliably ensure the compare contrast essay success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. Research On Nuclear Power? If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and compare contrast, succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do.

Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. The Great? Producing and article compare, announcing the mission statement is gatsby also an excellent process for compare focusing attention on the business's priorities, and plant, particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to article essay, your customers.

This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and writing bibliography, critically must include the way you do business , and article essay, what business benefits your customers derive from christopher essay conclusion, your products and services, and contrast, from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to oaks sessay, as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is compare essay increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to oaks sessay, emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about contrast essay, what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to oaks sessay, your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into compare essay, a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of resume words a business is compare contrast that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into essay, something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over article compare, other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and oaks sessay, beneficial to article compare essay, them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of law essay business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and contrast essay, resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at and delimitation, the end of the compare essay trading year. Thesis And Delimitation? The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the article compare essay plan concerns.

Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in essay from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and article compare, reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in on nuclear power improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and compare, provide financial justification for the means of oaks sessay achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and article contrast essay, quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the the great essay relevant activities and resources. quantify the essay business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Scope? Before attending to the detail of article essay how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.

What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by essay conclusion, product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for article essay each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per christopher columbus essay service, product, sector? What trends and compare essay, percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and thesis scope, volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to article contrast essay, the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of the great gatsby essay markets and article compare contrast essay, products is the oaks sessay matrix developed by article, Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'.

Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in oaks sessay Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of compare contrast essay looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the christopher conclusion best potential for your own business and market.

Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Article Compare Essay? Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the words highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is compare fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s).

This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for law essay acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in compare essay simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for oaks sessay their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. Article Compare Contrast? However if you already have good market share across a wide range of writing bibliography products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on article compare essay, your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for research power your existing products. Article? New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and on nuclear power plant, which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and compare, almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. Essay? If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to contrast essay, be an writing bibliography law essay, attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market.

This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to article compare contrast, the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and oaks sessay, profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and article contrast essay, services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and oaks sessay, service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is compare contrast a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of thesis scope their market potential, and article, thereby implying strategic action for products and services in christopher columbus essay each of the article compare four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is bibliography law essay shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for contrast analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in gatsby essay its handling of subtlety and compare contrast essay, detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is oaks sessay unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of article compare essay understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and thesis and delimitation, groups, in article essay which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid.

cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is and delimitation no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Contrast? Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on words, overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of essay their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. Christopher Columbus Essay Conclusion? This is likely to be an contrast essay, area of business that is sales quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of article securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to christopher, be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and article contrast essay, can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such.

rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. Paper On Nuclear Power Plant? As a product moves into compare, this category it is writing bibliography law essay commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. Article Contrast Essay? The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and thesis scope, margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to compare, high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of writing bibliography law essay continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to article essay, have the next rising stars developing from paper on nuclear plant, its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the compare contrast essay Ansoff-type-options, what is the oaks sessay significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business?

Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is article essay used by resume, many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is compare contrast essay a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to christopher essay conclusion, do this is to compare, devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the bibliography law essay security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and contrast essay, profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach.

The type of customer also implies the type of oaks sessay sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to article compare contrast essay, be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and resume, allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims?

Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and compare, will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for oaks sessay planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and article, activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process.

Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for research power plant each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for compare contrast essay example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and resume, business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the article compare essay bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out scope and delimitation, 'what if?' analysis to develop the article compare best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and writing bibliography, then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and article compare contrast essay, columns as you need and are appropriate for gatsby the business. Develop this spreadsheet by article compare contrast essay, showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and christopher columbus, gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF).

The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and article compare contrast essay, resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. Gatsby Essay? These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is article compare contrast essay actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to oaks sessay, develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data.

The historical and market information should be sufficient just to contrast, explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to words, tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to article compare essay, sell to whom, when and paper power plant, how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the article compare contrast return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the christopher columbus basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and contrast, results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in research paper on nuclear plant most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and contrast essay, satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in oaks sessay the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the contrast essay narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on christopher, the front.

The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and compare, example format/template. Keep the christopher written part of the article compare essay business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Plant? Particularly if your plan is compare contrast more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of thesis scope and delimitation reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of article compare contrast a new page.

Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and writing bibliography, neatly presented, with no grammar and contrast essay, spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the writing bibliography plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and compare contrast, confidentiality. Contents page: A list of christopher essay contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the article contrast Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and sales, purpose of the contrast essay plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in oaks sessay a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and article compare contrast, headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and oaks sessay, not central to article essay, the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template.

This sample template is typical for oaks sessay a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. Compare Contrast Essay? (A business plan for writing law essay a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of compare contrast essay a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and writing law essay, profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the article contrast essay strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the research power plant factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Compare Contrast? Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of and delimitation your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and contrast, especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for on nuclear your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for article compare essay them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Writing Bibliography Law Essay? Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. Contrast? This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs.

List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and words sales, returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for article compare each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for research on nuclear plant the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to article, your new strategic plans. other business planning and resume words, marketing issues. staffing and article contrast, training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to christopher essay, help you implement a marketing plan.

You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and article, training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and essay conclusion, your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of article compare essay these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to writing bibliography, support the article compare contrast investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to resume words sales, inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is article contrast essay gets an answer. Other issues might include:

How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for oaks sessay each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Article Contrast? Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and words, have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of article compare contrast developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the the great essay failure of article compare suppliers to bibliography law essay, inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to compare, be done to oaks sessay, put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for article compare suppliers to research plant, focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements.

A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by contrast essay, nature and gatsby essay, so not good at taking initiative to identify and article compare contrast, anticipate problem areas in customer service. Christopher? It's therefore helpful to article contrast essay, establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to the great gatsby essay, pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and contrast essay, initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and thesis scope, staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for compare contrast essay large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is research plant crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. Article Contrast Essay? You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to law essay, complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Contrast? Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them.

Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into paper on nuclear plant, unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to compare contrast essay, nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Research Paper Power Plant? Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for compare contrast large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the thesis scope customer. implications for article IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to research paper on nuclear, your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of article compare giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is plant critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is article compare contrast certainly true. Writing Law Essay? First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to contrast essay, measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results?

Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and christopher, ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in article compare essay ensuring this happens:

You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the essay channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. Compare Essay? It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter.

Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to the great gatsby, do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for article compare contrast starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to writing bibliography, use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment.

It can be stressful and essay, counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to writing bibliography, start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in compare self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the research paper on nuclear plant benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to compare, pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and research power plant, Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for essay this purpose.

They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and research paper on nuclear power, generally not relevant at all for essay people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of law essay service or business to contrast essay, offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by scope, schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to article compare essay, be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in oaks sessay any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and compare contrast, focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. Christopher Essay? It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. Article Compare? What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?

All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the writing law essay product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is essay your own time then attach a cost to resume sales, your labour that reflects your available time for the work and article compare contrast essay, the wage you need to draw. Paper On Nuclear Power? Divide your required annual wage by the number of essay work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. Oaks Sessay? What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of essay less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in research relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Article Contrast? Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Oaks Sessay? Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and compare essay, profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise.

Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to paper on nuclear power, the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the contrast product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to words, understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is compare contrast necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for sales some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at article compare contrast essay, its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.)

7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of essay a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to article compare contrast, take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the writing bibliography law essay essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of essay any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into gatsby essay, a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Article Contrast? Adapt it to suit your purposes.

The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the columbus essay basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on compare, the complexity of the resume company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and article essay, guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the oaks sessay company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to article, publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on sales, this website in article due course. Meanwhile here is research on nuclear power useful information about cooperatives. Article Compare Contrast? public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies.

Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and christopher columbus conclusion, potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and article, public liability) is scope essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to compare contrast essay, partners in research paper power plant terms of article contrast essay personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is oaks sessay considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in compare essay its own right - a tricky concept to oaks sessay, understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in compare essay other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for oaks sessay large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of article compare contrast essay company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at oaks sessay, the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and compare contrast, especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of thesis scope all limited companies to have a business bank account.

Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly.

That said, the relevance today of contrast essay HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and scope, surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an contrast, issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at oaks sessay, 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Contrast? Check the oaks sessay HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars.

Retail and article compare, consumer businesses are especially affected by conclusion, VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the article compare contrast disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in thesis and delimitation keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is article compare contrast essay really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the research paper on nuclear power plant tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the compare contrast essay sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance).

A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is christopher conclusion different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is contrast a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Scope? Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to article essay, a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.

With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at scope, odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from article, another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for thesis and delimitation you, and leave you completely free to article compare contrast, concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and the great essay, customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and article contrast essay, accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is the great gatsby essay one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities.

N.B. Contrast Essay? These tips are not meant to words sales, be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of article compare new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in writing law essay the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for article those situations that these particular notes are provided.

These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to oaks sessay, planning and essay, organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of oaks sessay significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and article compare contrast, practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the great gatsby essay the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the compare UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and the great essay, budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for article compare contrast essay nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success.

This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into resume sales, difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and article compare essay, experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in christopher columbus financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and article essay, if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Writing Law Essay? It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. Article Compare? It's your responsibility to resume words, deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the article contrast risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the resume sales very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to article compare contrast essay, meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position.

Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the and delimitation first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to contrast essay, identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to power plant, avoid problems with the contrast essay taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and on nuclear, ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for article example VAT and your own personal income tax and the great, national insurance. Contrast? Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Writing Bibliography Law Essay? You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into article compare, a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in thesis scope and delimitation a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to article essay, kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to conclusion, show how quickly and easily you can plan and contrast, set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. Thesis Scope And Delimitation? This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in article compare contrast essay which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of thesis and delimitation estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. Article? In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to on nuclear plant, 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.

2. Compare Contrast? In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on gatsby, legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the article essay precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is writing bibliography fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and contrast essay, lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad).

Back to the percentages.. And Delimitation? Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of article essay your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over oaks sessay, ?30k you need to set aside 50% to article contrast, cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an resume words, adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. Compare Contrast Essay? If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to oaks sessay, do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and article, set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate.

You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and the great, adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of article initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for the great gatsby essay tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by compare contrast essay, reinvesting profits in thesis scope the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to compare contrast essay, inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Writing Bibliography? Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the contrast essay tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on research paper, your own situation, for article which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities.

template and thesis and delimitation, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to essay, see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. Writing Law Essay? In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and article compare contrast, outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and bibliography, benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of article major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of writing law essay satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and article compare contrast essay, assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Writing? Keep to article compare contrast, the facts and research on nuclear, figures. Provide evidence.

Be clear and concise. Article Contrast? Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on presentations, and scope and delimitation, assertiveness. tips on article contrast essay, finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants.

If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the paper plant engagement, it's important to find the right person to article, work with, and to establish and words, maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the article compare contrast essay best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and words sales, so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to article compare, and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is essay grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the article compare business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an writing, instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to compare essay, managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the research on nuclear power protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of contrast transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the columbus stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and article essay, weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the columbus essay conclusion stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on article contrast, all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The Great? The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of contrast someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to bibliography, people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the compare right person in resume the local business listings or directory, out compare contrast, of the blue and oaks sessay, from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.

You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to article compare contrast essay, spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to the great, find someone trusted, but the contrast person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and oaks sessay, fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and article compare essay, help).

Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of oaks sessay view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to compare essay, sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and christopher essay, appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is article essay going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the writing simple rules for planning and starting your own business.

The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for contrast essay someone else. In amongst the distractions and essay conclusion, details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is article compare contrast essay no reason for customers to buy from research on nuclear power, you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in contrast you yourself, or any other aspect of writing bibliography your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is article compare contrast also an thesis scope and delimitation, extension of article compare contrast essay your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and on nuclear, enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people.

If you already have a career behind you, and essay, you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in on nuclear plant you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of compare essay success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at research power plant, yourself in essay this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is the great gatsby extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and contrast essay, tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business.

Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and oaks sessay, adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about essay, your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for the great essay younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to article compare contrast essay, have lots of the great gatsby essay fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of article compare water. Next, get the help you need.

It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and oaks sessay, the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at article contrast, and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Oaks Sessay? This is article compare de-stabilising and stressful. The Great? Learn what you love and article compare contrast essay, excel at, and focus on bibliography law essay, building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and article contrast, unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary.

Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. Oaks Sessay? The bigger the business, the compare contrast essay more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and writing, the world at large.

A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for compare essay success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and resume words sales, offering your best - and article essay, so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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Paul et Virginie de Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. Dans une plaine intérieure de l'Ile de France (la future île Maurice), le narrateur découvre les ruines de deux petites cabanes. Article Compare Contrast Essay. Il rencontre un vieillard venant à passer aux environs et lui adresse la parole : Mon père, lui dis-je, pourriez-vous m'apprendre à qui ont appartenu ces deux cabanes ? Le vieil homme, à la fois conteur, témoin de ce paradis perdu, et unique survivant va lui conter l'histoire de Paul et Virginie : Mon fils, ces masures et ce terrain inculte étaient habités, il y a environ vingt ans, par deux familles qui y avaient trouvé le bonheur. Deux françaises, Mme de la Tour, la jeune veuve d'un aristocrate libertin, et Marguerite, une paysanne bretonne séduite et abandonnée ont fui la métropole et sont venus cacher leur déshonneur dans cette colonie française. Elles mettent au monde, vers 1726, Virginie et Paul. Oaks Sessay. Mme de la Tour, avec sa fille Virginie, et Marguerite, avec son fils Paul, sont aidées par un couple de noirs, Marie et Domingue. Article Contrast Essay. Les deux femmes unissent leur détresse et leur pauvreté et exploitent la terre. Research Paper. Leurs deux enfants grandissent comme frère et sœur : A insi ces deux petits enfants, privés de tous leurs parents, se remplissaient de sentiments plus tendres que ceux de fils et de fille, de frère et de sœur, quand ils venaient à être changés de mamelles par les deux amies qui leur avaient donné le jour. Les deux mères et leurs deux enfants goûtent sur cette île un bonheur simple qui semble vouloir effacer leurs malheurs passés.

Chaque jour était pour ces familles un jour de bonheur et de paix. Article. Ni l'envie ni l'ambition ne les tourmentaient. Thesis Scope And Delimitation. Elles ne désiraient point au-dehors une vaine réputation que donne l'intrigue, et qu'ôte la calomnie; il leur suffisait d'être à elles-mêmes leurs témoins et leurs juges. Contrast Essay. Cette petite communauté connaît une existence paisible dans la splendeur des paysages tropicaux. Words Sales. Paul et Virginie grandissent en parfaite harmonie avec la nature.

Ils sont vertueux et candides : leur innocence les préserve du mal tant en actes qu'en pensée. Article Compare Essay. Seule une lettre de la tante de la Mme de la Tour vient, en 1738, troubler momentanément leur bonheur. Oaks Sessay. Cette lettre, en provenance de France, que la mère de Virginie espérait depuis plus de dix ans, ne contient que reproches et leçons de morale. Compare Contrast Essay. Heureusement le trouble qu'elle provoque ne semble être que passager : Ainsi ils continuèrent tous d'être heureux et ce ne fut qu'un orage au milieu d'une belle saison. Scope. Paul et Virginie grandissent , et c'est là qu'apparaît le mal de Virginie : Cependant depuis quelque temps Virginie se sentait agitée d'un mal inconnu. Article Compare Contrast. Ses beaux yeux bleus se marbraient de noir ; son teint jaunissait; une langueur universelle abattait son corps. Power. La sérénité n'était plus sur son front, ni le sourire sur lèvres. Article Compare Contrast. On la voyait tout à coup gaie sans joie, et triste sans chagrin. The Great Essay. Elle fuyait ses jeux innocents, ses doux travaux, et la société de sa famille bien-aimée.

Virginie est devenue adolescente, et elle découvre que ses sentiments pour Paul changent de nature. Contrast. Il n'avait été jusqu'alors qu'un frère avec lequel elle partageait ses joies et ses jeux. Christopher Conclusion. Elle devine que la tendresse qu'elle éprouve pour lui se transforme en amour et elle l'imagine comme compagnon et comme époux. Article Compare Contrast. Paul, lui, n'a pas encore compris ce trouble qui anime Virginie : Elle fuyait ses jeux innocents, ses doux travaux, et la société de sa famille bien-aimée. Thesis Scope. Elle errait çà et là dans les lieux les plus solitaires de l'habitation, cherchant partout du repos, et ne le trouvant nulle part. Contrast. Quelquefois, à la vue de Paul, elle allait vers lui en folâtrant, puis tout à coup, près de l'aborder un embarras subit la saisissait ; un rouge vif colorât ses joues pâles, et ses yeux n'osaient plus s'arrêter sur les siens Paul lui disait : La verdure couvre ces rochers, nos oiseaux chantent quand ils te voient ; tout est gai autour de toi, toi seul est triste. Research Plant. Et il cherchait à la ranimer en l'embrassant ; mais elle détournait la tête, et fuyait tremblante vers sa mère. Article. L'infortunée se sentait troublée par les caresses de son ami Paul ne comprenait rien à des caprices si nouveaux et si étranges. Paper Power Plant. Un mal n'arrivant jamais seul, un ouragan ravage l'exploitation : Bientôt des tonnerres affreux firent retentir de leurs éclats les bois, les plaines et les vallons ; des pluies épouvantables, semblables à des cataractes, tombèrent du ciel.

Puis lorsque la pluie cesse et que les vents reprennent leur cours ordinaire Paul et Virginie constatent l'étendue de la dévastation : À la vue de cette désolation, Virginie dit à Paul : vous aviez apporté ici des oiseaux, l'ouragan les a tués. Compare. Vous aviez planté ce jardin, il est détruit. Columbus. Tout périt sur la terre ; il n'y a que le ciel qui ne change point. Article Contrast Essay. Paul lui répondit : Que ne puis-je vous donner quelque chose du ciel ! Mais je ne possède rien, même sur la terre. The Great. Virginie reprit, en rougissant : vous avez à vous le portrait de saint Paul. Essay. À peine eut-elle parlé qu'il courut le chercher dans la case de sa mère. Lorsqu'il lui offre ce portrait , Virginie, émue lui fait cette promesse : Mon frère, il ne me sera jamais enlevé tant que je vivrai et je n'oublierai jamais que tu m'as donné la seule chose que tu possèdes au monde. Research On Nuclear Plant. À ce ton d'amitié, à ce retour inespéré de familiarité et de tendresse, Paul voulut l'embrasser ; mais aussi légère qu'un oiseau elle lui échappa, et le laissa hors de lui, ne concevant rien à une conduite si extraordinaire. C'est alors qu'un nouveau danger apparaît ; la tante de la Mme de la Tour écrit à sa nièce lui enjoignant de lui envoyer Virginie, à laquelle elle destinait une bonne éducation, un parti à la cour, et la donation de tous ses biens . Au fond d'elle-même Mme de la Tour n'est pas mécontente de cette opportunité. Essay. Elle prend sa fille à part et tente de la raisonner Mon enfant, nos domestiques sont vieux ; Paul est bien jeune, Marguerite vient sur l'âge ; je suis déjà infirme : si j'allais mourir, que deviendriez-vous sans fortune au milieu de ces déserts ? vous resteriez donc seule, n'ayant personne qui puisse vous être d'un grand secours, et obligée, pour vivre, de travailler sans cesse à la terre comme une mercenaire. The Great Gatsby Essay. Cette idée me pénètre de douleur Voyant la peine que cette séparation vaudrait à Virginie, Mme de la Tour est prête à se résoudre, mais le gouverneur de l'Ile vient forcer le destin.

Il envoie un prêtre qui a pour mission de convaincre à la fois la mère et la fille. Emmenée de nuit par le gouverneur, Virginie embarque à contrecœur, pour la France sans même avoir pu dire au revoir à Paul. Article Contrast Essay. La séparation est douloureuse. Gatsby. Paul, pour la première fois de son existence, explose de colère. Compare. Il va se plaindre aux arbres, aux rochers et aux oiseaux. Sales. C'est comme si on article compare essay avait arraché la fleur du bonheur qui poussait naturellement dans son cœur. Thesis Scope. Pour atténuer la séparation et pouvoir correspondre avec Virginie , il apprend à lire et à écrire. Article Compare Contrast Essay. Il voulut ensuite s'instruire dans la géographie pour se faire une idée du pays où elle débarquerait ; et dans l'histoire, pour connaître les mœurs de la société où elle allait vivre . Virginie est elle aussi désespérée d'abandonner Paul. Gatsby. Loin de se réjouir de cette fortune que sa tante désire lui léguer, elle souffre de cette vie européenne à laquelle elle ne parvient pas à s'adapter. Article Compare. Pendant plus d'un an christopher columbus essay, Paul et Virginie restent sans nouvelles l'un de l'autre, les lettres qu'ils s'échangent , étant interceptées par la grand-tante de Virginie. Article Contrast. Pendant cette année qui lui parait interminable , Paul qui lit maintenant des romans reste inconsolable : il fut tout bouleversé par la lecture de nos romans à la mode, pleins de mœurs et de maximes licencieuses ; et quand il sut que ces romans renfermaient une peinture véritable des sociétés de l'Europe, il craignit, non sans quelque apparence de raison, que Virginie ne dut à s'y corrompre et à l'oublier.

Virginie, par des moyens détournés parvient enfin à faire parvenir à sa mère une première lettre. Writing Bibliography Law Essay. Mme de la Tour découvre combien sa fille est malheureuse en métropole. Article Contrast Essay. La richesse qui l'entoure, le titre de comtesse, les robes somptueuses, les deux femmes de chambre à ses soins ne parviennent pas atténuer la douleur de la séparation. Et quand la grand-tante se met en tête de marier Virginie, celle-ci préfère être déshéritée et chassée de France. Essay Conclusion. Elle ne pense plus dès lors qu'à Paul et au retour. On annonce son retour imminent. Compare. Sur le chemin du retour, au moment d'aborder son ïle natale, le Saint-Géran est pris dans la tempête. Law Essay. Le bateau qui la ramène à l'île de France fait maufrage sous les yeux de Paul. Article Compare Contrast Essay. Plutôt que de se déshabiller , Virginie préfère se noyer , sous les yeux de Paul, qui reste impuissant sur le rivage : On vit alors un objet digne d'une éternelle pitié: une jeune demoiselle parut dans la galerie de la poupe du Saint-Géran, tendant les bras vers celui qui faisait tant d'efforts pour la joindre. Research On Nuclear Power Plant. C'était Virginie.

Elle avait reconnu son amant à son intrépidité. Article Compare Contrast. La vue de cette aimable personne, exposée à un si terrible danger, nous remplit de douleur et de désespoir pour Virginie, d'un port noble et assuré, elle nous faisait signe de la main, comme nous disant un éternel adieu. Tous les matelots s'étaient jetés à la mer Il n'en restait plus qu'un sur le pont, qui était tout nu et nerveux comme Hercule. Il s'approcha de Virginie avec respect : nous le vîmes se jeter à ses genoux, et s'efforcer même de lui ôter ses habits ; mais elle, le repoussant avec dignité, détourna de lui sa vue. Paper Power Plant. On entendit aussitôt ces cris redoublés des spectateurs : Sauvez la, sauvez la ; ne la quittez pas ! Mais dans ce moment une montagne d'eau d'une effroyable grandeur s'engouffra entre l'île d'Ambre et la côte, et s'avança en rugissant vers le vaisseau, qu'elle menaçait de ses flancs noirs et de ses sommets écumants. Compare Essay. À cette terrible vue le matelot s'élança seul à la mer ; et Virginie, voyant la mort inévitable, posa une main sur ses habits, l'autre sur son coeur et levant en haut des yeux sereins, parut un ange qui prend son vol vers les cieux. Le vieillard entreprend de consoler le jeune homme. The Great Gatsby. Mais son bonheur évanoui à tout jamais, Paul succombe au poids de sa douleur, bientôt suivi dans la mort par les mères des deux jeunes gens. C'est en 1788 que Bernardin de Saint-Pierre publie Paul et Virginie . Compare Contrast Essay. Ce récit est non seulement le chef-d'œuvre de l'auteur, mais encore un des chefs-d'œuvre du 18ème siècle. Ce récit est paru dans la troisième édition des œuvres de la Nature. L'une des scènes importantes du récit, le naufrage de Virginie aurait été inspiré par un fait divers qui s'est produit en 1744: le 17 août de cette année-là, disparaissent deux amants dans le naufrage du navire Saint-Géran : Mme Cailloux, une créole, et M. Writing. Longchamps de Montendre, enseigne de vaisseau . Quelques citations de Paul et Virginie. Ainsi croissaient ces deux enfants de la nature.

Aucun souci n'avait ridé leur front, aucune intempérance n'avait corrompu leur sang, aucune passion malheureuse n'avait dépravé leur cœur : l'amour, l'innocence, la piété, développaient chaque jour la beauté de leur âme en grâces ineffables, dans leurs traits, leurs attitudes et leurs mouvements . On la voyait tout à coup gaie sans joie, et triste sans chagrin. Compare Contrast. On ne fait son bonheur, disait-elle, qu'en s'occupant de celui des autres. Thesis Scope. Quelques jugements sur Paul et Virginie. Il est certain que le charme de Paul et Virginie consiste en une certaine morale mélancolique qui brille dans l'ouvrage, et qu'on pourrait comparer à cet éclat uniforme que la lune répand sur une solitude parée de fleurs. Compare Contrast Essay. Or, quiconque a médité l'évangile doit convenir que ces préceptes divins ont précisément ce caractère triste et tendre. Columbus Conclusion. Bernardin de Saint-Pierre qui, dans ses Etudes de la Nature , cherche à justifier les voies de Dieu, et à prouver la beauté de la religion, a dû nourrir son génie des livres saints. Chateaubriand, Le Génie du Christianisme, 1802. Alors, c'est comme une enfance du monde que transcrit le roman de Bernardin: nous sommes projetés avant . Article Compare Contrast Essay. Avant le désir, dans la simple satisfaction du besoin; avant l'accumulation, dans la simple production de l'autarcie; avant la sophistication, dans le simple appareil de la frugalité; et aussi avant la sexuation, dans l'indistinction des êtres; avant l'individuation; dans l'échange des propriétés ; avant la faute, dans l'innocence ; avant la parole, dans la manifestation; avant la pensée, dans l'évidence; avant les cultures dans la compénétration des modèles de la beauté. Bibliography Law Essay. Avant la catastrophe , dans l'enfouissement en Dieu. Compare Contrast Essay. Appelez les comme vous voulez, Paul et Virginie, miroirs l'un de l'autre dans cet avant -là.

Jean Delabroy, Préface de Paul et Virginie , Pocket. Après Rousseau, dont La Nouvelle Héloïs e avait connu un engouement du même ordre, Bernardin avait touché la corde sensible en s'adressant au cœur . Oaks Sessay. Son roman marque le point d'aboutissement littéraire , il est le résultat fatal d'une évolution qui, depuis l'abbé Prévost, s'efforce de substituer à l'esthétique classique , une esthétique dont la sensibilité est l'élément essentiel. P. Compare Contrast Essay. Trahard, Editions Garnier, 1958. Paul et Virginie : Une histoire de corps trop jeunes et de civilisation trop vieille, de nature trop verte et de tabou trop fort. Lamartine , Balzac et Flaubert ont rendu indirectement hommage à Paul et Virginie . Scope. En effet, trois de leurs héroïnes, Graziella ( Graziella , 1849), Véronique ( le Médecin de Campagne , 1833) et Emma Bovary ( Madame Bovary , 1856) apparaissent chacune penchée sur ce roman de Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. Achetez des livres à propos de bernardin saint pierre paul virginie chez l'un de nos partenaires.

Retrouvez les grands moments. du Festival de Cannes Molière, ce grand peintre de l'homme tel qu'il est. Article Contrast Essay. Shakespeare seul a enfanté une humanité aussi large et aussi vivante. Writing. Emile Zola, 1881. Aujourd'hui, maman est morte. Contrast. Ou peut-être hier, je ne sais pas.

J'ai reçu un télégramme de l'asile : Mère décédée. Thesis Scope And Delimitation. Enterrement demain. Contrast Essay. Sentiments distingués. Words Sales. Cela ne veut rien dire. Article Contrast Essay. C'était peut-être hier. Scope And Delimitation. mais il y a au monde une chose sainte et sublime, c'est l'union de deux de ces êtres si imparfaits et si affreux. Article. On est souvent trompé en amour, souvent blessé et souvent malheureux; mais on research paper plant aime, et quand on article contrast essay est sur le bord de sa tombe, on oaks sessay se retourne pour regarder en arrière et on contrast essay se dit : j'ai souffert souvent, je me suis trompé quelquefois, mais j'ai aimé. Law Essay. C'est moi qui ai vécu, et non pas un être factice créé par mon orgueil et mon ennui.

Alfred de Musset. Dcouvrez sur aLaLettre un rsum de Candide de Voltaire.

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10 Free Online Tools To Create Professional Resumes. Article Essay. The first thing connecting you with a recruiter is paper power your resume. The way it is compare contrast essay usually done is you work on a template you get from thesis and delimitation, a friend or from an online source, then produce a black and white dull rendition of essay just another face in the crowd which you then print out and mail to potential employers. Oaks Sessay. It’s time for a change: wow your recruiters with a fresh new look to your resumes while still presenting yourself in a modern and professional manner with the help of online tools. These tools will guide you through every aspect of creating your resume or CV, perfect for fresh graduates who are unsure of where to begin. Most of them give you the compare contrast option to download a PDF, ready-for-print version, and all you have to do is fill in your details. You probably created a CV in soft copy for yourself anyways, or have signed up for an account on an online job portal.

The transfer would be done in the blink of an eye. Law Essay. LinkedIn is the site for professionals and if you haven’t already have a complete LinkedIn profile, it’s a good place to start building your portfolio. Better yet, most of the article compare essay online resume tools featured in this article can import the information you have put into christopher columbus conclusion the LinkedIn profile to create a resume. LinkedIn also lets you export your information into a professional-looking resume in PDF form. All you have to do is view your Profile and click on the down arrow next to ‘edit’ then select Export to PDF . Want to essay add a little color into your resumes? With DoYouBuzz you can design your resume to oaks sessay the color scheme you desire or choose from the templates that they have to create your resume. Registering an account with DoYouBuzz lets you import your LinkedIn information. Alternatively, you can enter your details from article compare essay, scratch. The complete resume can then be downloaded in PDF, Word or OpenOffice format. Not enough? Share your resume with the world via a link to the great gatsby your account e.g. Contrast Essay. “doyoubuzz.com/yourname”.

Store your resume online here and redirect anyone to it just by giving them your URL, which looks something like resume.com/ username . Add sections to your resume and follow the examples and tips offered on how and what to write. After you’ve completed each section, you can publish your resume and thesis scope and delimitation, direct people to it via the URL or download a DOC or PDF copy . Here’s another resume maker but with support for 17 languages. Compare Contrast Essay. CV Maker features a very simple ‘fill-in-the-blanks’ format to resume words sales fill up, as well as a customizable editor which lets you rearrange sections (Work Experiences, Qualifications, Education). You can also add your own sections with rich text formatting. Register to save and edit your resume from time to article contrast time or else just fill in your information and download the resume in PDF, HTML or TXT formats. This is sales another online resume tool that doesn’t require you to register but there’s no way to import data from other websites, so you have to fill everything in manually. Article Compare Contrast. It does however try to make it easier for you in its form-filling format. The generator takes you through the basics like your personal identification, education, past jobs and skills . Paper. After filling in all of article compare contrast your details, you can simply save your CV in a PDF format.

LiveCareer has a resume builder that comes complete with almost every feature you can imagine. Register to save and edit your resume later on and choose from many templates to work on. You can also import a previous resume (in multiple file formats) and work on it with the help of a spellchecker. The tool also lets you edit the formatting, spacing and margins of the templates to suit your needs and oaks sessay, once done, you can print, email or download your resume in 5 different file format : DOC, PDF, HTML, RTF and TXT. Compare Essay. You’ll have to create an account in order to use Resunate. There are paid accounts that give you more options but the free account gets the job done. After registering, you can choose to import an old resume by uploading a file, importing your LinkedIn profile or buildng a resume from scratch. There are many templates of different formats and fonts to resume words choose from. Compare Essay. You can then choose to save your resume to oaks sessay be edited later, or download it in PDF. JobSpice is essay another resume builder which lets you import your LinkedIn profile for the data, and also allows you to design your resume with templates, fonts and colors . The Great Gatsby Essay. Note that some of these templates are free while others require a small fee. Article Compare Essay. Download your complete resume in DOC or PDF form.

Resumesimo is slightly more creative than the other options available here as their templates are colorful with designs that add some life to your resume. After picking a template, enter in details one step at a time or import your information from LinkedIn or Facebook . Resume Words Sales. Download your resume in a PDF format or refer people to your online resume via the link given. To begin using the resume builder on this website, you must register for a free account . The account allows you to save your resume to be edited later. It uses a ‘form filling’ style and goes through each section of the resume and you can choose from a few templates . Once you’ve finished filling in all the compare contrast essay details, you can print or download the resume in a HTML or TXT file format. Hongkiat.com (HKDC). All Rights Reserved.

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Community Roundup: Thesis Skins, Designers, and Developers. As you know, we’ve been on fire for the last month and a half with the release of Thesis 2.1, a fresh new home page, the Social Triggers Skin, and the forthcoming Pearsonified Skin. But we aren’t the only ones who’ve been crushing it. Some of the essay, power users in the great gatsby the Thesis community have been hard at work on their own Skins, too. Today, I’ll introduce you to a few of essay them, and I’ll also highlight some Thesis designers/developers who can help you take your site to the next level. Third-party Thesis Skins for Every Kind of oaks sessay Site. Looking for the perfect design for your Thesis site? There’s a Skin for compare contrast, that, and if we haven’t built the precise one for your needs yet, someone else in the Thesis community probably has. Let’s take a quick look at a few of the movers and shakers who are creating Thesis 2.1-ready Skins that you can use right now.

A longtime fixture in the Thesis Skin scene, Kolakube is paper on nuclear power, responsible for Marketer’s Delight , a highly detailed, responsive Skin that is focused on generating leads and converting sales opportunities. Under the talented direction of Alex Mangini (who is article contrast essay, a Thesis master), Marketer’s Delight has grown to oaks sessay include a suite of drag-and-drop tools that make it easy to: add custom leads (like a feature box, email signup form, or even a video) to any page add eye-catching elements like rounded “orb leads” (which look just like the big circles on the DIYthemes home page) create fully-customized, unique landing pages that include persuasive design elements…without any code! The Hodder brothers (Matt and Mark) may have more experience than anyone else on this list when it comes to creating Skins, child themes, and custom WordPress designs. And that’s why it’s no surprise that their company, Themedy Themes, offers an article contrast essay, impressive array of nine different Thesis 2.1-ready Skins tailored to specific purposes. No matter what kind of site you want to christopher essay run, Themedy Themes has a Skin that will not only suit your needs, but also make you look damn good in the process. (And be sure to article contrast essay check out the research paper on nuclear plant, new Splash and Readyfolio 2 Skins—I know you’re gonna dig ’em!) Rick Anderson, who is the man behind BYOB Website and also the best Thesis teacher on the planet, has created a collection of Thesis resources that includes some seriously powerful Skins. Although most of BYOB Website’s resources require a membership to article compare essay download and scope use, some of them—like a version of the Agility Skin—can be downloaded for article contrast essay, free. Rick builds his Skins with maximum flexibility in mind, and this gorgeous site serves as a jaw-dropping testament to resume the malleability of the Agility Skin. Longtime Thesis veteran Nina Cross is article contrast essay, opening a new Skin and design customization studio, and she’s offering an exclusive pre-launch discount for people who sign up to her email list before September 10.

For a sample of Nina’s work, check out resume words sales, this customization she did for Jenny Blake (running Thesis 2, naturally). Compare! Suffice it to say, I’m really looking forward to her upcoming Skins! Here’s another shop focused on cranking out Thesis 2.1-ready Skins: WP Thesis Skins — Sakthi offers a ton of Thesis Skins with various looks that should appeal to just about everyone. Thesis 2 Designers and Developers. For many years, we’ve highlighted Thesis designers and developers here on thesis and delimitation, the blog, but today, I’d like to essay introduce you to a few design and development studios that are focusing on Thesis 2 customizations.

As I mentioned above, both Nina Cross and Puneet Sahalot provide custom design services for Thesis, but they’re not the only talented people rocking Thesis 2. Next, if you’re looking for a custom small business website built on the incomparable Thesis 2 engine, you should check out Richard Barratt’s design studio, Richer Image. For savvy, responsive web design and development with a focus on oaks sessay, marketing and conversions, look no further than Smarter, who recently released a picture-perfect design for England’s highest peak, Scafell Pike. Finally, I’d like to introduce you to article perhaps the oaks sessay, most active Thesis 2 designer on the planet today, Paul Suntup and his studio, ZelCreative. Check out these three killer designs, but I’m warning ya—you’ll want to hire Paul for your next project! Know of Any Other Great Skins or Designers? If so, give ’em a shout out in the comments! Also be sure to share any awesome Thesis 2 customizations you’ve spotted out in the wild.

And who knows—if you link me something really gorgeous, I just might have to post it on Twitter #128512; About the Author: Chris Pearson, Thesis creator and article compare essay DIY themes founder, is obsessed with optimizing the the great gatsby essay, web and making sure every last detail receives the attention it requires. Article Compare Contrast Essay! You should follow him on Twitter here. If you enjoyed this article, enter your email below to get free updates! How much does a custom thesis skin cost, on an average.. Dinsan, prices are highly variable based on research paper on nuclear power plant, what the Skin is designed to do. Marketer’s Delight, for article compare, instance, contains quite a few purpose-built design tools for marketers, and thus, it comes with a price tag of gatsby $67 (which I think is too low). Still other Skins are free, and as you might expect, they generally have fewer features than a purpose-built theme like Marketer’s Delight. The bottom line?

There isn’t a set price for Skins, and the cost could range anywhere from compare essay, free to exceedingly expensive, depending on what the Skin is designed to do. Great list, Chris. Sales! I use skins from three of the compare contrast, designers listed here. ALL are different but awesome for what I need on a per site basis. Thank you for the mention, Chris #128578;

Ditto that… Thanks for christopher, the mention Chris. #128578; Paul, Richard, and Reese—thank YOU for your excellent work and your enthusiasm for Thesis. Article Contrast Essay! It means more to words me than you know #128512; Marketing Delight is really a nice one. Have used it even before Thesis 2.0 and love it. Thanks for contrast, the mention, Chris! Glad to oaks sessay be a part of the article contrast, community #128578; Puneet, I have used several of your skins and law essay love them.

Glad to hear that, Paul. Will be coming up with more Skins. I enjoyed your live interview on the webinar with Rick Anderson, the contrast, Master at Teaching All Things Thesis, the other day! You’ve provided a great list of Thesis skin developers here. Right now, I only use skins developed by The Hodder brothers from words sales, Canada, but am looking forward to checking some of the others on this list out! So glad that I and many others kept the faith! Jupiter Jim Landers. So glad that I and many others kept the faith! We’ve finally reached a point where we can crank up the benefits to Thesis users on a consistent basis, and we’re really looking forward to being able to help more people make even better websites. WPThesisSkins and NXThemes skins are quite promising and article compare essay MD3 is amazing skins ever! Having personally worked with Alex, Nina and Richard I can say Thesis has some very bright designers/devs behind it!

Lovin’ me some Thesis! You’re the man, Chris! I appreciate the oaks sessay, kind words #128578; In case anyone is compare contrast, interested, I do want to mention that I have only used skins from Themedy for over a year now. The code is clean and the Hodder brothers will always give you an answer to your questions on oaks sessay, the forum within 24 hours and article compare essay many times within the same day. They’re on the East Coast of Canada, so you can know the law essay, times zones. Such great skins and great customer service. Also, the skins are always kept up to date with the essay, latest version of Thesis. They’ve done such great work and gatsby provided such great service, I felt it incumbent upon myself to article essay give them a big pat on the back and thesis scope little plug here.

Hope you don’t mind. I don’t mind at all! In fact, I’m grinning from ear to ear over the fact that such solid people put their creative efforts into Thesis Skins. I’m the very definition of compare contrast essay a “proud papa” right now #128512; I have been following Thesis for sales, a long time, and you lost me at article compare contrast 2.0 but I’m planning on jumping back in headfirst with 2.1 so it’s cool to see what others have accomplished with your framework. Power Plant! All the designs look great, but more importantly they are FAST! Keep up the great works guys. So it looks like Thesis Love and article contrast essay NxThemes both sell the paper, “Vocation” skin. Who was the original author? Am I trapped in an affiliate loop? Sonny, I’m so glad to see that you’re still open to the prospects of what Thesis 2 has to contrast essay offer!

I’m confident that we’ll hit the sweet spot for ya #128512; Also, regarding the research on nuclear power plant, Vocation Skin, I’m not sure what’s going on there. I’ll try to get to the bottom of that today (and thanks for the heads-up). Thesis Love is the essay, creator of the Vocation skin. WPNXThemes is the new site for and delimitation, NXThemes’ skins for article contrast essay, purchase. Both of these guys have been cranking out some good lookin’ designs. It’s ThesisLove (me) who developed Vocation. NXThemes is simply promoting the bibliography law essay, skin as an affiliate. The buttons on NXThemes link to ThesisLove from where the essay, skin can be purchased.

Hope it makes sense now. I may be wrong, but very few developers are actually incorporating the use of Schema markup in research paper power their themes. ThesisLove seems to have been the only developer incorporating the article, markup in their code. You’ve got a keen eye, Samuel. I’ll have to do some outreach to gatsby help Skin developers take advantage of everything Thesis has to offer. Nice job, looks like Thesis 2.1 is going to be well supported this time. The one thing I would like to see are a variety of skin options for photography/graphics portfolio and gallery sites.

Have never seen this from Thesis, yet this is a hugely popular category of sites. Curious why the JennyBlake.me Thesis 2.customization looks so horrible on iphone 5? Isn’t Thesis a true responsive theme? I’m confused. Betsy, Thesis is just an article compare contrast, engine, so it cannot be “responsive” in the sense that you are referring to here. Thesis Skins, on scope and delimitation, the other hand, can indeed be responsive if the designer chooses to make them so.

Jenny Blake’s site is article contrast essay, a custom Thesis 2 Skin that is bibliography law essay, not responsive. Official Thesis Skins from DIYthemes, however, will always be responsive. I anticipate that Nina Cross’ Thesis Skins will be responsive, too. Curious to article contrast know what’s up with your iPhone Betsy? It looks bloody great on mine!

I think she just wants the text to be bigger and not have to zoom in on various parts of the christopher columbus, page. Chirs, can Thesis Basic users purchase the compare contrast, SocialTriggers Skin? If yes then from oaks sessay, where and if NO then do you have any plans for article compare, it. Bilal, at oaks sessay this time, the article, Social Triggers Skin is only available as a bonus to Thesis Professionals. We will probably keep this as an exclusive bonus to entice people to upgrade their licenses. Great list of talented designers Chris! I have to admit I am just getting my feet wet when it comes to implementing Thesis 2.1 and the Classic Responsive Skins. One minute I want all my social media buttons visible in the header and then I change my mind to create a custom header image…….decisions…. I am thrilled to get ideas about how I can integrate my business websites with some of the designs these skilled developers are producing. Danielle, one of the coolest things about Thesis 2 is the Skin Preview Mode, which allows you to see how your site looks with a particular Skin while your visitors continue to see your Current Skin (in your case, this is Classic Responsive). Using the Skin Preview Mode, you could activate any of these third-party Skins—and even tweak it precisely to your specifications—without affecting your current design.

This will allow you to integrate your business’ needs into any Skin without having to sales do so on the fly. Then, when you’re completely ready to switch to article compare contrast a new Skin, you’ll be able to proceed with confidence because you will have already worked out the kinks. Chris, just so I am absolutely clear on this if you have a 1.8.5 site you can install 2.1.2. Bibliography! Display 1.8.5 and work on 2.1.2 in preview mode with Classic Responsive until you have your new design complete then throw the switch to display 2.1.2. I have just taken over article compare essay, some sites with non-Thesis themes which are going to need updating, I presume that the same applies to bibliography them. Keith, that is NOT correct. Only Thesis 2 contains the Preview Skin Mode, and this operation is only available when moving between Thesis Skins (and technically, Skins only work with T2+). I’m glad you updated the article contrast, list of words sales designers.

At least half of the previous list offered no way to contact them. Can Thesis 2.1 be used as is, without buying a skin, or is it so plain one must design over top of it? PCRoger, Thesis 2.1 comes with the article compare contrast, Classic Responsive Skin, so your site will be 100% mobile responsive and ready to rock the second you install Thesis. If you want to change your design, you can experiment with the scope and delimitation, design options of the Classic Responsive Skin, add your own Custom CSS, or even pick a new Skin and start from there. The choice is yours. Finally, if you’d like to see demos of our Skins, head on over to article the new Skin demo page. Chris….looking to implement the marketers delight skin (already purchased) but I’m a Realtor that hasn’t yet learned to navigate thesis 2.x. Writing Bibliography Law Essay! Any of the custom designers mentioned above have exp with marketers delight and available for hire? Thanks for your passion! Hi David!

I’m not familiar with any designers who specialize in customizing the Marketer’s Delight Skin, but since you’re a customer, why not ask the article contrast essay, Marketer’s Delight forums? I think you’ll be able to find a seasoned designer there who is also eager to help you out. A *wave* from the Support Executive at Kolakube (for Marketers Delight). Hi Raaj – does the sales, “wave” indicate that either you are available for hire or can recommend someone for marketers delight implementation/customization? Thanks! It indicates that I’m available #128521;

Shoot me on – raaj[at]raajtram[dot]com. Currently all my skin moved to wpnxthemes.com. So, i hope you can update help me. Thank for compare contrast, the mention! Got you covered, Truong! Chris, all the designs of NXThemes are rip-offs! you shouldn’t be promoting them. Naeem, according to Raaj, those designs aren’t rip-offs—they’re affiliate links.

Pearson, I guess what Naeem’s trying to say is that the christopher essay conclusion, original skins being sold by compare essay NXThemes (now WPNXTHEMES) are rip-offs. To a certain extent, I would agree there because quite a few of the research on nuclear, skins there look very similar to themes from ThemeForest. Article Compare! A couple of them also seem to be complete replications. However, I an nobody to judge. Just wanted to clear that in the linked comment of mine, I was talking about the on nuclear power, few promotional blog posts at the NXThemes (not WPNXTHEMES) blog. The problem with Themedy is that you can’t purchase a single skin like you can with Genesis. It is article compare contrast, very, very, very frustrating and writing bibliography law essay I believe, Thesis’ biggest let down. Article Contrast Essay! (Though, some of the 2.1 features are painful too: like box configs are a list and oaks sessay don’t tell you what page they’re on, which I know that you’re considering fixing Chris. ) In general, Thesis needs a big uplift in skin designers.

Tim, first, how is compare, Themedy’s purchase setup “Thesis’ biggest let down?” Second, let me ask you a question in reference to your statement: Though, some of the 2.1 features are painful too: like box configs are a list and don’t tell you what page they’re on… Is Thesis’ interface harder to understand than PHP files containing hooked functions with convoluted conditionals to control display on particular templates? While I am always focused on improving the product, I think we at least have to research paper on nuclear be fair here.

With Genesis, you’re stuck in custom function land, and Thesis 2 has freed you from these chains. Sup Chris Kross. Sorry, I meant, approaches like Themedy’s. (I want to buy their themes but the model sucks. And yes, it’s not your fault.) My point about article contrast essay lack of quality skins (a few exceptions aside) still stands. Don’t get me wrong. I do like T2.0. Once I came to bibliography law essay grips with it, it ruled. And recently I read a T v G review on the web, and stuck up for article contrast, Thesis. Moreover, I still am developing on T2/Marketers Delight 3, I just have found T2.1 confounding… …in very specific areas – like, Skin Content list — a bullet point list with no indication which page it belongs to. I know you said you’ll figure niceties like that out later (and that’s fine, it’s your biz) but as a user, this directly prevents me from using it until this is ironed out.

(And yes, the doco needs fixing). I know others have pointed it out, and I don’t wish to research power belabour the point, nor pollute the essay, comments of this post (sorry!), but it’s niceties like this, and super-clear RTFM doco, that help (users evangelize). I guess it’s hard for you to please everyone and I recognise how much work goes into oaks sessay it, but I guess these things need to get taken seriously as it’s a paid product. Anyway, looking fwd to the continued improvements and evolution. Tim, I know you’re hung up on article contrast essay, the Skin Content list, and like I said, we’ll definitely be doing everything we can to writing bibliography improve that over time.

Marketer’s Delight has more Boxes and article more templates than either Classic Responsive or Social Triggers, so that’s probably why this seems like such a big deal to you. That said, there is a finite number of templates—probably 7 or less—on which any of those Boxes could actually appear. That’s a really small, manageable number. It’s possible that the research, template interface was confusing for you because it makes it seem like there are tons of templates. In reality, those are just the article compare, potential WordPress templates, and Thesis creates most of them automatically based on the top level templates (Home, Single, Page, and Archive). Once you understand that, you realize that it’s really easy to get the results you want, because there are only writing bibliography, a few main templates on which your Boxes can reside.

For example, if you edit a Box in contrast essay the Skin Content area and then later see that it appears on a page where you don’t want it to scope and delimitation appear, you have two easy options: [1] If you don’t want the compare contrast, Box to oaks sessay appear on this page (as opposed to the template, which we’ll cover below), then you can visit the Skin Editor, create a new template, copy from Page template (or whatever template was active on this page), remove the unwanted Box, and save the template. Then, go back to contrast the WordPress page editor, and select your new template in the Thesis Skin Custom Template dropdown box (on the right). Voila! [2] If you don’t want a particular Box to appear on any of the scope and delimitation, pages running a particular template, then you only need to visit the Skin Editor and contrast remove the Box from that template (and hit save). Easy peasy. I actually did a demonstration of this exact task on a webinar last week with Rick of BYOB Website.

The entire operation took less than 30 seconds. (And yes, the doco needs fixing). Which documentation are you referring to here? I’d love to take a look at whatever you felt was inadequate so we can improve it today. Great response, Chris. I love Thesis but haven’t made the oaks sessay, 2.1 jump yet.

Can you suggest the compare contrast, best skin you’ve seen for podcasts? I’m looking for a new way to law essay grab attention and to keep people coming back? Also, how hard is it to change skins? Is it like starting over? Tim, Derek Halpern includes audio in article compare essay his posts all the time, and his site is the basis for scope, the Social Triggers Skin.

That said, you could easily incorporate audio players into any Thesis Skin, so I don’t know that it’s fair to say one Skin is better than another in article compare contrast this department. Finally, changing Skins is oaks sessay, a one-click process, so it doesn’t get any easier than that. Compare Essay! As far as “starting over” is concerned, I guess that depends on what you mean and what level of customization you require. Some folks could switch Skins and be fine with zero modifications, but most people have to and delimitation do at compare essay least some tweaking to christopher columbus essay conclusion get their site precisely how they want it. If you’re familiar with switching WordPress themes, then you’ll find switching Skins to be slightly easier. Article Contrast Essay! Furthermore, switching themes entails a 100% overhaul, but Thesis is smarter than that—when you switch Skins, your main site data stays the same, so you only oaks sessay, need to focus specifically on design details and not technical integrations (like Google Analytics, Google Authorship, etc.). Thesis keeps your mission-critical site details constant no matter what Skin you’re running, so in that regard, Skins are superior to WordPress themes. Thanks Chris, Thesis and you guys always exceed my expectations.

Boom! Glad to hear it #128512; Timbo, can I recommend Marketers Delight. If your aim is for article compare, earballs (!), and opt ins, check it. I use it on a particular site, and love it. I will eventually cut my main site to MD3.1 and T2.1 when I come to grips with how they work now.

Thanks, Ill check it out. Love this community! Gotta shout out to Puneet at writing law essay icustomizethesis.com! He’s so prompt and helpful, and I like working with his design. Glad you’re giving him props, too. The first and article contrast the foremost important element of oaks sessay a website nowadays is the website/blog loading speed. Most themes/skins are designed focused on the looks, functionality, ease of use, etc. I have not yet come across a single designer who designs a theme to make it load fast. I understand, if we go for a good design, we have to article compare contrast sacrifice the loading speed a little.

However, at least take measures that can improve the overall page loading speed. A few examples of what I’m trying to say .. Combine JS and research on nuclear CSS files and minify them. Article! Either use the Minify tool or Yahoo’s YUI compressor. Christopher Conclusion! Not every blog owner knows how to minify/combine CSS and JS files.

Combining helps in reducing HTTP requests and article thus helps in making the christopher columbus conclusion, page load faster. Use Sprites for decoration images. I have not yet seen a single Wordpress theme where the designer cared to use sprites for compare contrast essay, decoration images like pointers, roll over images, css images, etc. Using sprites, you can cut off a huge number of unnecessary HTTP requests. PLEASE do not include unnecessary CSS code making the CSS file 100KB. Oaks Sessay! Try to make the CSS file as small as possible. There are different ways to make the CSS smaller by using the same DIV/CLASS on different pages. I mean, does it really have to be that huge? Do you really have to write a new div/class for each element in a block? I’ve seen such themes where designers have written CSS for contrast, homepage, pages, post pages, etc. I generally use this tool in oaks sessay order to analyze the loading speed of theme demos.

I can easily judge how well a theme is designed. Last not but the least, validate your CSS and XHTML. If there is such a theme where the designer has done all of the compare essay, above, I would love to buy it double the regular cost of the theme. Site loading speed is an christopher essay, important parameter while Google ranks your website and webpages. Article! If you really care for your website, as a web admin, you have to thesis scope and delimitation do all of this if the theme designer doesn’t. Compare Contrast Essay! Oh well #128578; Dev Duff, Thesis does the right thing in all the and delimitation, situations you’ve described. I’ll give you the benefit of the doubt and assume you haven’t really bothered to look at this issue too closely yet. (Also, you can’t base anything off our theme demo pages because those include code necessary to run DIYthemes.com.) Had you installed our Skins on article compare contrast essay, any of your own test sites, you would have been able to see the unmatched performance of Thesis for yourself. First, all of our Skins ship with only a single CSS file and no separate JS files. This keeps the additional HTTP requests down to the smallest possible number—one, for the CSS file.

Also, it’s clear that you didn’t even bother to the great gatsby look through the default Skin CSS files. Both the Classic Responsive Skin and Social Triggers Skin stylesheets check in at an incredibly small 17kb (not even minified!). For complete stylesheets that include media queries for responsive design as well as a responsive, multi-level dropdown menu, the 17kb files are almost impossible to believe. I guarantee you will not find a more efficient stylesheet anywhere. Also, regarding minification, Frederick Townes of W3 Edge (creator of the W3 Total Cache Plugin) has advised me not to minify my CSS file out article compare, of the box because it can affect proper caching.

Since that plugin is so widely used (as well as the Super Cache Plugin), I decided not to ship our Skins with minified CSS files. Further, you went off the reservation here: PLEASE do not include unnecessary CSS code making the CSS file 100KB. Resume Words! Try to make the CSS file as small as possible. There are different ways to compare contrast essay make the CSS smaller by using the same DIV/CLASS on different pages. I mean, does it really have to be that huge? Do you really have to write a new div/class for each element in oaks sessay a block? I’ve seen such themes where designers have written CSS for homepage, pages, post pages, etc. Yes, that’s what other, crappy designers do.

That’s not what I do or what Thesis has ever done, as many others here will gladly attest. In fact, if there is any one advocate of performance, efficiency, and compare lean markup, I am that guy. To lump me in with every other idiot out christopher columbus, there is to not understand one bit of the journey I’ve been on for nearly 6 years now. Next, I validate every Skin before shipping it. Occasionally, I’ll make a decision that breaks validation, such as adding aria tags to compare help with the oaks sessay, visually impaired.

I also chose to add some inline JS that controls the article compare contrast, responsive dropdown menu reliably on every device. This is oaks sessay, considered “invalid” by article contrast essay the validator, but it’s actually recommended by Google Page Speed Insights. I went with Google and accessibility on that one (and it’s clearly the oaks sessay, right decision to boot). Finally, you said: If there is such a theme where the designer has done all of the above, I would love to buy it double the regular cost of the theme. Feel free to PayPal $394 to article compare diythemes [at] gmail [dot] com. I’ll be looking forward to it! Pearson, thanks for the mention! More stuff coming soon – keep an bibliography law essay, eye #128521; Solid, Raaj! I can’t wait to see what you come up with next.

These are great resources. My website still runs on older version of compare contrast essay thesis 1.8. I am really worried to upgrade. Main concern is that if the SEO stuff would carry over, if I switch and how would it impact my traffic. Also, I have do re-do the whole skinning again if I move to 2.1…Any migration options ? Your thoughts ? Kumar, your SEO data will indeed carry over to christopher columbus essay Thesis 2, so you don’t have anything to worry about there. Also, your traffic will either be unaffected or actually improve, simply because Thesis 2’s HTML markup is leaner and cleaner than Thesis 1’s. Finally, you asked: Also, I have do re-do the whole skinning again if I move to 2.1…Any migration options? I just looked at your site, and article contrast essay you basically have a modified version of the Classic Responsive Skin (though your site is on T1.8 and is not responsive). Since this is the case, it should be pretty easy for you to oaks sessay activate the article, Classic Responsive Skin and then apply your CSS customizations to oaks sessay it. Compare! In addition, you’ll need less custom CSS than before, simply because you’ll be able to words achieve at least some of what you want from the new design options interface.

Finally, there is compare essay, no magic button to carry over your Thesis 1.x customizations into Thesis 2. Gatsby Essay! The themes are 100% different, and the HTML and CSS needed to target various elements has changed (substantially in some cases). Thanks Chris for the confidence and explanation. Sure, I will switch over soon. Compare Contrast! How about the oaks sessay, custom_functions ? Can I at compare essay least use those in 2.1 ? Because, I am using custom_functions for many of the thesis customizations. You can use these custom functions in the new custom.php file Kumar, it works the same, only you may have to writing bibliography revise your functions a tad and change the hooks your actions are being plugged into to new thesis hooks.

Also, Kumar, one of the main benefits of Thesis 2 is that you’ll no longer need a majority of your custom PHP. With T2, you can do most of the things that used to require hooks within the interface, so this will significantly reduce the article, amount of custom code you need to run your site. Here on DIYthemes, for example, I was able to reduce the custom codebase by over 80% after switching most of the site over to Thesis 2. I am currently working on some really awesome skins for oaks sessay, thesis 2.The site will be launched within a month.Hope everyone in article compare the thesis community will love it #128578; Looking forward to it, Gowtham! You rock, Chris! I appreciate all of the work you’ve done to the great make Thesis 2.1 incredible. I’m so frickin’ excited to article essay get my Thesis Skins out into the community and I promise there will be many more skins from me in the future.

Stay tuned #128578; Obviously, this is gonna be fantastic. I’m looking forward to September 10th! Great stuff as always. Will launch my redesign on Thesis 2.1 next week. Temporarily here. You’re off to a killer start, David.

Hit me up on on nuclear, Twitter when you go live with the new design! Will do Chris and thanks. Have a shop I run with a friend local to me and essay have just launched that on Thesis 2.1 with WooCommerce. Also used Serge’s box to make WooCommerce integration a sinch with the Thesis template interface. I would say his work is worth a mention on this article. David, your site looks fantastic! And yes, I need to profile Serge and a couple of other Box-makers in an upcoming article. They’re already proving indispensable to the community! Appreciate the kind words. Yeah, that is for sure! I have been working on a html_container extension which adds html5 data attributes which is cool but still toying with it a bit since I have a few other requirements for the box have a colleague working on it with me at the moment.

What is columbus essay, your email to compare essay send a copy when it is done? Thanks for research paper power plant, mention, I am very happy to be in the part of Thesis Community. Compare! We are planning to the great gatsby essay dedicate some more niche skins that could love by every Bloggers and Internet Marketers. Thanks for the mentioning sites to buy skins! Gonna purchase some skins! Cheers #128578; Are there plans to release official DIY skins on an ongoing basis, or just defer to third parties to fuel the skin market? Seems to me, doing so would be a huge opportunity to not only build the article compare contrast essay, Thesis user base, but also add another large revenue stream. Chris, absolutely!

This is our core business model. The only reason we didn’t sell Skins from the great essay, 2008 until now is because Thesis 1 (and every other premium WordPress theme that’s currently available) could not handle Skins in an efficient, bulletproof manner. I developed Thesis 2 to be the platform upon which Skins (and other reusable website parts) could be built and distributed. Article Contrast! Now that Thesis 2.1 is here and the platform is stable, we will be cranking out Skins and expanding our product offerings. Really Awesome work by thesis . next going to purchase Thesis. I am new to this theme and i found it today/ I liked it and writing bibliography i have a question. Is Thesis a theme only which installs on article contrast, Wordpress or its based on a special framework? If its framework based, whats that framework? Good work, and thanks for the mention! Great list, Chris.

I use skins from resume words sales, three of the designers listed here. ALL are different but awesome for what I need on a per article compare contrast site basis. I am redeveloping my site using the essay, Social Triggers Skin and article contrast Thesis 2.1. I have been told by oaks sessay the web design team I hired that ejunkie is not compatible with the social triggers skin and Thesis 2.1 and article compare have suggested using the woo-commerce-thesis-full-integration-pack” plug-in. I would like to thesis use ejunkie. Are they accurate? Am I forced to article use woo-commerce? Phil, I don’t know the the great gatsby essay, specifics of ejunkie integration with Thesis, but I do know that Woo Commerce works with the Plugin your team has suggested.

In all likelihood, ejunkie requires a bit of article contrast tweaking to oaks sessay get its product templates to work (this is common with ecommerce Plugins), and that’s precisely what the Woo Commerce Integration Plugin does. I’m not aware of a similar Plugin for ejunkie at this time, so Woo Commerce may indeed be your best bet here. Thesis developers are doing a great job! By the way, the skins seem interesting! #128578; is it compulsory to buy a skin or can i create ? will you give any free skins? Even though i have professional plan . Srinu, every Thesis license comes with the Classic Responsive Skin, and article the Basic Plus and Professional licenses come with two additional Skins—Social Triggers and Pearsonified. In addition, you are welcome to create your own Skins, and there is unlimited potential here. If anyone knows of a skin for thesis that looks similar to pinterest I would love to know about and delimitation it. I hate the way my blog posts look now (mostly text and sociable icons).

I will go through the article compare, list of resources that you posted but if anyone knows off bat of a Pinteresty skin please let me know. Christopher Essay! Thanks! #128512; I’m a 10 year web developer and article essay use Thesis almost exclusively for new and current clients….examples on Thesis are authenticisrael.com (Thesis 2) and israeloutdoors.com (Thesis 1.8) and davidmcguire.com (thesis 2). I love Thesis and would be grateful to be considered as a Thesis friendly developer! What skin does Smart Passive Income use? In the thesis and delimitation, “page source” it says SPI but I think that is article contrast essay, just the site acronym. So I guess it is custom made? Mark, that is a (really awesome) custom Skin commissioned by Pat Flynn for writing bibliography law essay, his re-design.

Thesis is more than just a WordPress theme—it’s a community of contrast wonderful people who are dedicated to building better websites . Buy Thesis today to put your website on the cutting edge, and you’ll also be able to learn from the Thesis pros in our members-only forums! All text and words sales design is copyright 2008–2017 DIY themes, LLC. All rights reserved.

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