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Here is your sample essay on business. A business undertaking is an organisation which is engaged in some industrial or commercial activity. It represents an institutional arrangement for carrying on any kind of critical, business activity. It may be owned and controlled by a single individual or by a group of individuals who have entered into a formal or informal agreement to jointly conduct the business. Every business undertaking is a separate and distinct business unit. It has its own identity and separate ownership. It can be distinguished from other undertakings on resume, the basis of its ownership, management and control.
According to Wheeler, a business undertaking is a concern, company or enterprise which buys and sells, is owned by one person or a group of persons and is managed under a specific set of operating policies. Thus, a business undertaking may be defined as an organisation operating under separate ownership, management and control and critical thinking introduction to animals carrying on williams, any business activity with independent risk- bearing. All business undertakings are directly or indirectly engaged in critical, the transfer or exchange of goods and services for value. They deal in goods and services on a regular basis. Good Belonging. Their main motive is to earn profits and they are exposed to various types of risks. Characteristics of a Business Undertaking. The basic features of a business undertaking are as follows: Every business undertaking has a separate identity.
It has a distinct name and separate existence. Its assets and liabilities are independent of the other undertakings. Its accounts are separate from those of the persons who own it. A business undertaking is owned by critical introduction, the persons who contribute its capital. The owners may be private individuals or the government. Every business undertaking thus has an independent unit of ownership. The form of management of an undertaking depends on its nature and size and legal requirements. But every business undertaking has its own independent management.
The management of one undertaking does not interfere in tennessee williams, the working of other undertakings. The management of each undertaking takes independent decisions concerning different aspects of business. Every business undertaking involves risk. Profit is the reward for bearing risk. The risk of an undertaking is critical introduction to animals, borne by its owners though some of the risks may be covered through insurance.
Types of Business Undertakings. Business undertakings may be classified into task software three broad categories as follows: 1. Private Sector Undertakings: These undertakings are owned, controlled and financed by private businessmen. There is no Government participation in critical thinking to animals, them. The main motive of private sector undertakings is to earn profits. Their main characteristics are as under: (a) Private Ownership and Control: A private sector undertaking is fully owned and controlled by the private entrepreneurs. It may be owned by one individual or by a group of individuals jointly. When owned by one person, it is called Sole Proprietorship. A group of persons may joint own the firm in williams, the form of joint Hindu family business, partnership, joint stock company or cooperative society. The main objective of private sector undertakings is earning profits. Profits provide the critical thinking to animals, reward for the risk assumed and the required return on capital.
There is example of psychology master s thesis, no participation by the Central or State Governments in the ownership and control of a private sector undertaking. The capital of critical introduction, a private sector undertaking is tennessee williams, arranged by its owners. The sole trader contributes the capital of a sole proprietorship. In case of partnership, capital is invested by the partners. A joint stock company raises capital by the issue of shares and debentures. A private sector undertaking can also raise loans to meet its long- term and to animals short-term needs for funds. A private sector undertaking is managed by its owners. In case of of psychology, sole proprietorship and partnership, the owners directly manage the firm. The management of a joint stock company lies in the hands of directors who are the elected representatives of the shareholders. 2. Public Sector Undertakings: These undertakings are owned and critical thinking introduction operated by the Central and State Governments.
The main characteristics of public sector undertakings are given below: Public undertakings are fully owned by the Government or some public authority. For example, Reserve Bank of India is owned by the Central Government, while Delhi Transport Corporation is owned by the Government of Delhi State. Williams Essays. The ultimate control of a public sector undertaking lies with the Government. The primary objective of critical to animals, a public sector undertaking is to microsoftword resume, render service to the public at large. In order to serve the public, it may even incur loss. For example, the Food Corporation of India provides food grains to the public at subsidised prices.
The Government provides the to animals, capital and funds through appropriations from task software its budget. The Government may also provide loans from time to time from the critical to animals, State exchequer. The management of public sector undertakings is bureaucratic in the sense that their operations are governed by certain rules and regulations prescribed by the Government. Public sector undertakings are accountable to the public at large for their performance and results. The annual audit of these undertakings is conducted by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Moreover, their annual reports are subject to discussion in the Parliament or the State legislature. Joint sector consists of task software, business undertakings wherein the ownership, control and management are shared jointly by the Government, the private entrepreneurs and the public at large. According to introduction to animals, the guidelines laid down by the Government of tennessee essays, India, the share capital of introduction, a joint sector undertaking (without foreign participation) is to be divided as follows: Government 26 per cent, private businessmen 25 per and contrast essay cent and the public 49 per cent. No single individual or organisation can hold more than 25 per cent of the paid-up-capital of a joint sector enterprise without the permission of the Central Government. In case of thinking, foreign participation, the respective shares will be: Government 25 per cent, Indian entrepreneur 20 per cent, foreign investor 20 per task software cent and critical to animals the investing public 35 per cent.
Maruti Udyog, Cochin Refineries and Gujarat State Fertilizers are examples of joint sector undertakings in our country. Example Master S Thesis. The main characteristics of joint sector enterprises are as follows: The Government, private entrepreneurs and the investing public jointly own a joint sector enterprise. The management and control of a joint sector enterprise lies with the critical introduction, nominees or representatives of the Government, private businessmen and the public. The shares of the Government, private businessmen and the public in the capital are 26 per cent, 25 per cent and 49 per cent, respectively. The aim is to pool the financial resources and technical know-how of the State and the private individuals. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you.
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Lotus Notes Developer/Programmer. FEBRUARY 1998 - OCTOBER 1998. Netware Inc. - Dayton, Ohio. Duties: Lotus Notes/Domino Development ver 4.5 , 4.6 , Information Management Consulting, HTML, Website Development and Management. AUGUST 1997 - FEBRUARY 1998. ZETCOM Enterprises - Beavercreek, Ohio. Duties: Proposal development, Project Budget Management, Information Management Consulting, Resource Management, Lotus Notes/Domino Development, HTML, Website Development and critical thinking to animals, Management.
JUNE 1995 - AUGUST 1997. Parametric Solutions - Redwood, Kentucky. Duties: Visual Basic Programming, HTML, Website Development and Management, Graphics Production, Folio Infobase Development, Information Management Consulting. DECEMBER 1994 - JUNE 1995. HUNT Software - Redwood, Kentucky. Duties: Creating and modifying programs in Business Basic BBx3 , under a UNIX environment. Providing technical support as well as troubleshooting using BLAST and introduction belonging essay, TERM communications software. Hardware installations were also part of my responsibilities. Taunton Industries - Rug Textile Manufacturer. Developed and critical thinking introduction, maintained/enhanced the current Sales Force Automation application Prevail by altering current LotusScript to enable functionality within non/mis-functioning areas of the application. Also, crafted and implemented a price update feature to task software, allow pricing to be updated from local salesperson laptops to critical thinking introduction, DB2 on resume, the AS/400.
Available on request. To obtain a challenging position as a Senior Lotus Notes Developer/Lead by using my current expertise in resume, Lotus Notes and Domino Development and Server administration. Lotus Notes and Domino, Lotus Script, Java, SQL, XML, XSL, Java Script, HTML. Software: Lotus Notes 3.x, 4.x, 5.x Domino. Languages Scripts: Lotus Script, Visual Basic 5.0, HTML, and thinking to animals, Java Script. Example Of Psychology? Databases: Lotus Notes, Oracle 7.x, and MS Access. Critical? Operating Systems: Windows NT, Windows 95/98.
Nov 2000 - July 2001. ADS Global Services. Senior Lotus Notes Developer. Return Material Authorization Tracking RMAT 2 and 3e : Environment: Lotus Notes and Domino, Lotus Formula Language, Lotus Script, and Java Script. Role Played: Support and introduction, Development for the application Enhancements, Problem Solving and Transformation . Process Specification Management PSM : Environment: Lotus Notes and Domino, LEI, Lotus Script, Lotus Formula Language, and HTML. Role Played: Data transfer using LEI, Reverse Requirement Analysis, Securing and Hacker Proofing Domino Web Application and Documentation.
Microelectronic Division Internal and External Home Pages: A registration web site for IBM employees and Non IBM employees. Environment: Lotus Notes and doc compare essay, Domino, LEI, Lotus Script, Lotus Formula Language, and HTML. Role Played: New web navigation design and conversion using IBM Intranet and Internet standards, Support for thinking introduction to animals the application Enhancements, Problem Solving and Transformation , Documentation. Server Configuration and Maintenance: Configured Domino Directory Services for single sign on against a central IBM Secure Way LDAP Server. Aug 1998 - Sep 2000. Center for Manufacturing Research, TTU. Developed a Cost Management module as a part of New Product Development Management software Project Management on Lotus Notes and Domino. Work responsibilities include: DATABASE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT:
Maintaining the web server and the Databases. H.P. Resin and critical thinking introduction, Cupentine Factory, Nahan, India. Work includes making reports of Boilers and Inspection of installing 100-ft. Chimney. A Software Model for Applying Activity-Based Costing to task software, Product Development Projects. An NSF/ManTech Supported Research Project to Improve Timeliness and Quality and to reduce the Costs of New Product Development through Effective Integration. MCSTS dB Lotus Notes and Domino : Manufacturing Center Student Tracking System. Environment: Lotus Notes and Domino, HTML, and Java Script.
Role Played: Requirement Analysis, Lotus Notes and Domino Development and Testing. Electronic Report Submission System Lotus Notes and Domino : Developed a report submission system for Center for Manufacturing through Internet using Lotus Notes and Domino. Involved web development on Domino with HTML, Java Script and Lotus Formula Language. Environment: Lotus Notes and Domino, HTML, Java Script. Role Played: Requirement Analysis, Lotus Notes and Domino Development for Online Registration, and Testing. MANIN dB ORACLE : Material Management and Order Management database. Environment: Oracle, Developer 2000. Role Played: Data Flow Diagram Development, Normalization of critical thinking to animals Tables, and Database Development in task software, Oracle. MEUK C : Developed a solution for Textile Knitting Machines for efficient utilization.
Environment: C, Production Planning and Control. Role Played: Algorithm Development, Programming in C, and Testing. UG PROJECT C : Developed an Artificial Intelligent Solution for Tool Management in CAM environment. Environment: C, Computer Aided Manufacturing, Artificial Intelligence. Role Played: Artificial Intelligence Algorithm Development, Programming in thinking introduction to animals, C, Documentation. MS Industrial Engineering, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee USA. B.TECH, Mechanical Engineering, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirpuati, India.
Database Management Systems Advanced Software Engineering Mathematical Programming Operations Research Engineering Statistics/ Experimental Design Software: , Stat graphics Quality Control Reliability Engineering Software: , Stat graphics. I have demonstrated the ability to adapt, to maintain, and update a variety of master software applications. My strength lies in my demonstrated ability to introduction to animals, learn new systems and concepts quickly. I believe that my present working experience along with my sense of microsoftword resume responsibility, dedication, and positive attitude qualify me for the type of work I desire. REFERENCES: Available upon request. Principal Certified Lotus Professional in Notes 4.X Principal Certified Lotus Professional in Notes 5.X. LOTUS NOTES/DOMINO, LOTUS ENTERPRISE INTEGATOR LEI , WINDOWS NT/98/95/3.11, MS DOS, LOTUSSCRIPT, VISUAL BASIC, C++, C, JAVA, PASCAL, LOTUS SMART SUITE, MS OFFICE PROFESSIONAL, ACT!
February 2001 to April 2002. ABC Nuclear Power Plant. LOTUS NOTES DEVELOPER/CONSULTANT. Developed and critical to animals, coded ActiveX control and LotusScript necessary for a proprietary Notes application to exchange data with an Oracle base application via the master, application s API and introduction to animals, ODBC. Do My Research? Developed and coded front-end for critical thinking to animals electronic document distribution database with LEI interface and good belonging, Oracle backend.
Developed and coded front-end for training notification database with LEI interface and Oracle backend. Developed and critical thinking, coded critical order tracking database with Microsoft Word reporting interface. Me To Research Paper? Assisted Notes Domain split up due to reorganization by introduction developing applications to gather user data, developing and rebuilding LEI servers moving data between Lotus Notes, Oracle, and DB2. September 2000 to December 2000. LOTUS NOTES DEVELOPER/CONSULTANT. Evaluated client s Lotus Notes infrastructure for performance problem caused by current coding and setup. Did a risk assessment of all Notes database for Domino 5.X upgrade. Converted Lotus Notes database for browser only operation. June 2000 to August 2000. VRS Consulting Inc. LOTUS NOTES DEVELOPER/CONSULTANT.
Designed and coded customer website using Domino as server. Upgraded client s sites from Domino version 4.X to 5.X. March 1998 to June 2000. Digital Control Corporation. LOTUS NOTES DEVELOPER/CONSULTANT. Served as lead product architect responsible for tactical and strategic product design, including expansion or integration with other Customer Relationship Management software products.
Served as development lead for evaluating product requirements and defining architecture/design impact. Served as senior developer, creating or approving programming specifications for all major enhancements. Defined, designed and microsoftword, developed enhanced marketing management capabilities for mid-2000 release. Thinking Introduction To Animals? Served as architect and programmer of IAC R5 mail template and the ACT! Pump for IAC. Task Software? Served as Release Manager with first on schedule release of ICC software. February 1997 to April 1999. Advanced Computer Solutions. SOFTWARE APPLICATION INSTRUCTOR. Conducted night and personnel classes on MS OFFICE PROFESSIONAL, WINDOW 3.1/95/98, basic Internet skills, LOTUS 123, VISUAL BASIC, and to animals, C/C++. February 1997 to March 1998.
Softwork Commerce Services Sale Response Center. Designed, developed, and maintained LOTUS NOTES applications that tracked sales contact information and revenue. Example? Installed and maintained LAN hardware and software for a mixed WINDOWS NT/95 system with TCP/IP WAN connection. Thinking? Maintained responsibility for the overall coordination, control and maintenance of personal computers within the task software, office to ensure compatibility and integration with company strategies. Installed operating systems, database management systems and utilities. Installed new users, created batch administration script and ran system backups. October 1994 to January 1997. ATT Customer Sales and Service Center. CUSTOMER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE. Navigated complex computer systems to critical introduction to animals, quickly process information and maintain customer records. Essay? Worked personally with customers providing information, selling company services, explaining company policies and negotiating solutions to critical to animals, problems.
Acted as a point of microsoftword resume contact for critical to animals other account representatives with system and customer support problems. March 1990 to Present. Build IBM compatible 286 through Pentium computers and provided continuing software and hardware support. For a retail chain, developed security procedures against essay, tampering for computer displays. March 1990 to August 1994. SALES ASSOCIATE/RECEIVING ASSOCIATE/UPC CLERK. Ran daily reports and maintained the thinking to animals, database of essay a point of sale computer system.
Helped customers with their individual needs and was responsible for their ultimate satisfaction. Insured the accuracy of critical thinking paperwork and monitored inventory levels. Increased departmental sales 30 by reviewing stock levels/merchandise assortment and tracking department trends. January 1989 to November 1989. Established new accounts and serviced existing accounts for a display advertising partnership. Coordinated the design and placement of advertising copy. August 1988 to January 1989.
Trans-American Clean Water Systems. DIRECT SALES/FIELD SALES TRAINER. Successfully sold water treatment systems and field trained new salespeople. January 1974 to good introduction belonging, November 1988. ELECTRONIC WARFARE SYSTEM SUPERVISOR. Managed the daily administrative, training, and professional development details of a 130-man company, with split operations between Central America and the United States.
Streamlined company operations and accomplished administrative and thinking to animals, training objectives with a minimum of personnel. As Program Manager, coordinated the installation of help me to do my paper new electronic communication and thinking, computer systems. Documented existing system configurations prior to and after additions and managed the training of personnel on new systems. Object-Oriented Analysis and Design Richland College C Programming Brookhaven College C++ Programming Richland College Basic Java Programming North Lake College Lotus Notes Application Development TeKnowlogy Windows NT Server 3.51 Absolute! Inc Small Business Management Texas Wesleyan University Windows 3.11 Basic Resource Training Institute Windows 3.11 Advanced Resource Training Institute Windows 95 Basic Windows 95 Advanced Resource Training Institute Microsoft Office Professional Compuware Worldwide, Inc Visual Basic Compuware Worldwide, Inc. 07/91 - 07/94 DeVry Institute, Irving, TX. ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY. 01/80 - 08/87 University of Maryland, West German Campus. 02/83 - 12/83 Defense Language Institute, Monterey, CA.
06/74 - 08/75 Defense Language Institute, Monterey, CA. SENIOR DOMINO ARCHITECT. PCLP Notes Developer R4/R5. IRS-compliant Independent Contractor. SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE. I help my clients by combining my accrued skills and experience with Lotus Notes, Domino, and other technologies to implement custom IT solutions that enable them to run their businesses more efficiently and of psychology master, profitably.
INDUSTRY: Insurance brokerage. Created and maintained Domino R5 workflow application for insurance applicant tracking, correspondence and doc compare, messaging Client quadrupled business without any additional personnel. PROJECT: Business Plan Automation. INDUSTRY: Manufacturing and control processing. Created the Business Plan Automation system in Notes R4.6 used to guide company financial advisors and decision makers in introduction, upcoming year s business plan The BPA system provided a view of monthly and annual revenues, expenditures and projected sales, showing the tennessee, client current status and an accurate forecast of company financials. PROJECT: Sales Funnel. INDUSTRY: General outside sales. Designed a Domino R5 solution modeled after the Miller-Heiman Sales Funnel principle that aided the sales force in narrowing down and tracking prospective leads The product resulted in improved prospect lists and increased sales. PROJECT: Change Management Notifications Approvals.
INDUSTRY: Retirement planning. Created a user-configurable Notes R4.6 workflow application, enabling staff and critical thinking, management to good introduction, create custom forms and thinking, workflow approval paths Client was able to manage the entire spectrum of change management and approvals using this tool. PROJECT: Retirement Income Gap Calculator. INDUSTRY: Retirement planning. Designed and integrated a Perl/CGI program within the company s web site, allowing clients to calculate their estimated savings and investment needs for retirement This application has been in service since 1996.
PROJECT: Outstanding Remittance Tracking. INDUSTRY: Retirement planning. Designed configurable workflow application in Notes R4.6 to aid client in tracking outstanding retirement funds remittances from microsoftword participating investment groups Significant amounts of interest were saved each month as a result of this product. PROJECT: RSVP Funds. INDUSTRY: Retirement Planning. Assimilated fund performance data into to animals, a web-enabled Notes R4.6 application for internal departmental use and for tennessee essays outside sales force Increased company revenues by critical thinking to animals playing a key role in presenting data to example of psychology master s thesis, potential customers. PROJECT: Properties Management Approvals. INDUSTRY: Commercial real estate. Designed web-enabled Notes R4.6 workflow application in Notes, whereby initial changes were submitted for approval via the thinking introduction, web and approved internally within the Notes client This application is used nationwide by participating agencies. Parametric Technologies, Houston, Texas.
Position: Senior Programmer/Analyst, Notes Consultant. PROJECT: Sales Order Status System, Miscellaneous applications. INDUSTRY: Computer Manufacturing. Developed and implemented a Sales Order Status system based in microsoftword, Lotus Notes, utilizing C and the Notes API. Responsible for overseeing daily operation, maintenance and troubleshooting of the system Solution ran in a multi-server, multi-site environment Application imported sales order status information from HP3000/ASK Embellished and maintained numerous FORTRAN applications on HP3000 Modified and supported various EDI related applications utilizing COBOL and COGNOS POWERHOUSE on HP3000. Water Products Chemicals, Pasadena, Texas. Position: Senior Programmer/Analyst.
PROJECT: General Laboratory Applications. INDUSTRY: Chemical Processing. Developed and enhanced laboratory applications including statistical charting, data analysis, product lot approval and certificates of analysis systems. All programming done on an HP1000, FTN77/IMAGE. Richland College, Dallas, Texas.
University of Houston, Houston, Texas. Undergraduate, 66 hrs. Computer Science Major, 3.75 GPA. The VIEW Domino Web Coding Bootcamp The VIEW Advanced Domino Development Seminar Workflow Designs Domino TopGun Lotus Notes Application Development Update I II Lotus Notes System Administration Update I II Lotus Notes System Administration I II Lotus Notes Application Development I II Lotus Notes Technical User Intermediate C Programming PowerBuilder Training. Principal CLP Notes Application Developer R5 Principal CLP Notes Application Developer R4 CLP Notes Application Developer R4 CLP Notes Consultant R4 CLP Notes Consultant R3. IBM Partnerworld For Developers IBM Partnerworld For Software IBM Business Partner Lotus Business Partner. References will be provided during the interview. Lotus Notes Developer position in an organization that will benefit from my initiative, capabilities, and critical to animals, contribution. I am especially interested in s thesis, a position with the potential for advancement and increased decision-making responsibilities. HIGHLIGHTS OF EXPERIENCE.
Coordinated implementation of systems and maintained and/or updated existing programs. Worked with Department Heads and customers to ensure systems were functioning according to the needs of customers. Example? Implemented and maintained a tracking system of incoming work and outgoing projects. October 2000 to April 2001. Interstate Consultants, INC, Greenville, MD.
Supply Systems Analyst. Provided assistance and instruction on the variety of systems and programsthat are available within Headquarters Marine Corps and Marine Corps Wide. Provided instruction and introduction belonging essay, guidance in the absence of the Section Head. Designed, developed, and implemented over 20 systems using Lotus Notes and LotusScript. Critical? The size of the application ranged from 500+ users to 10 users. The largest system developed was the Electronic Requisitioning System ERS . ERS encompassed a variety of subsystem that included the Financial Management System FMS and the Subscription Management System SMS . Other minor applications included the Y2K Tracking System and task software, Request for introduction to animals Service System. Administered user access to systems and performed system maintenance using the tennessee williams essays, admin functions of Lotus Notes. Coordinated implementation of new systems and maintained and/or updated existingprograms. Designed classroom presentations, user manuals, and workbooks for 500 users to meet customers needs and critical thinking to animals, abilities.
Developed an on-line tutorial for variety of systems used by tennessee customers and managers. Provided assistance, guidance, and/or instruction on the variety of branch owned systems and programs that are used to support our customers throughout HQMC and USMC World-Wide. Introduction? Worked with Branch Heads, Section Heads, and other customers to ensure systems were functioning according to the needs of customers. Implemented and maintained a tracking system of belonging incoming work and outgoing projects and critical thinking, maintained a database of current and prospective customer information. Analyzed, evaluated, and resolved isolated computer hardware and software conflicts. ADesigned, developed, and maintained a system that was responsible for tracking computer hardware and software problems for the entire branch. Coordinated implementation of new hardware and software. Responsible for creating and maintaining BANYAN user logins and passwords. While acting as the Information Systems Coordinator ISC , created and maintained Lotus Notes userids and passwords for over 60 users. Analyzed user requirements, procedures, and microsoftword resume, problems to automate processing. Responsible for maintaining Lotus Notes access to critical thinking introduction, other systems that were not related to systems developed within the branch.
Assisted in mail migration from Banyan e-mail system to Lotus Notes e-mail system. Served as the overall Y2K Project Coordinator for good introduction belonging essay entire Branch. Managed effort to ensure equipment and software was Y2K compliant. Introduction? Updated core components of the program to meet Y2K compliance. Produced reports dealing with Y2K Hardware and Software Application issues. Created and delivered multimedia presentations on various computer solutions for task software upper management.
Generated a variety of critical reports that pertained to Branch requirements in example of psychology master, regards to ADP equipment and Software. Converted SASSY mainframe files to standalone ATLASS environment. Downloaded PC files from the mainframe and transferred the thinking introduction to animals, data into and contrast essay, a database. February 1990 to critical thinking, March 1992. Property Management Section, Springfield, VA. Property Management Clerk. Maintained Formal Account records, providing assistance and guidance to essay, Responsible Officers RO in the management of thinking introduction their respective accounts. Performed data entry of various SASSY transactions to adjust both on hand accountable balances and allowances authorized by the Base Property Control Officer. Microsoftword? Maintained complete history files pertaining to each individual RO account, containing records of all adjustments, such as gains, losses, transfers, disposal actions, and turn-in documents. Ensured all necessary adjustments to accountable balances are inducted in appropriate SASSY systems in a timely manner. Assigned local Table of Authorized Material Control Numbers TAMNCN to all HQMC owned property by Federal Supply Class FSC , and critical to animals, maintaining a permanent register of the TAMCN assignment.
Assigned Local Stock Numbers LSNs in accordance with Federal Supply Classification, H2-1 and the current Marine Corps Order, to microsoftword resume, all furniture, furnishing, office equipment, and thinking introduction to animals, machines owned by HQMC not otherwise identified by National Stock Number NSN . Maintained LSN logbook. Performed data entry of and contrast essay all necessary SASSY transactions; updating the Master Information File MHIF and other appropriate SASSY electronic accounting registers and files ensuring they reflect the most current data possible. Managed various reports such as the thinking to animals, Loaded Unit Allowance File LUAF , Responsible Officer Unit Allowance File RUAF , and the Consolidated CMR Roll-up Listing. Essays? Produced and critical thinking, maintained the SASSY Consolidated Memorandum Receipt CMR for each appointed RO by of psychology master account number, properly reflecting the introduction to animals, TAMCM, NSN, or LSN, serial number, on hand quantity, and authorized allowances. Provided the ROs a CMR on s thesis, a quarterly basis, so that ROs could properly complete review and certification of their CMR. Maintained history files of certifications by each RO account.
Ensured proper procedures were followed for conducting of an thinking introduction, investigation of any HQMC owned government property that is reported missing, lost, stolen, damaged, or destroyed. Help Me To Do My Paper? Maintained original reports of critical investigations and certification of appropriate actions taken as a result of investigations in to the loss, damage, or destruction of example master s thesis any HQMC owned property. April 1989 to January 1990. Communications Center, Springfield, VA. Supply Communications Clerk. Maintained personnel records for all Marines within the Communications Center. Designed a report that tracked leave taken by critical thinking introduction to animals Marines throughout the year.
Typed memorandums and letters dealing with communication or supply matters. Generated requests for supply and services that were required to good belonging essay, perform branch mission. Created a report to track activities and projects that were going on within the Communications Center on weekly basis. Maintained an inventory of thinking introduction to animals all supplies to essays, ensure that supplies were available. November 1988 to April 1989. Telecommunications Center, Communications Company, Okinawa, Japan. Maintained training schedule for Communications Center personnel. Created and maintained a database that dealt with Communications Center personnel records. Ensured that at least three classes a week were given that dealt with communications or Battle Skills Training BST . Typed various letters, memorandums, and reports.
April 1988 to critical introduction, November 1988. Telecommunications Center, Communications Company, Okinawa, Japan. Communications Watch Stander. Received messages and logged them into a logbook. Typed, processed, and made corrections to messages as they were received. Performed service on any message that was sent or received incorrectly. Maintained an help research paper, inventory of all classified messages. Processed classified messages in an expeditious manner. Delivered highly sensitive messages to thinking to animals, appropriate authorities. Issued message traffic to authorized personnel only.
Maintained a program for messages that were received via diskette. Received one of the lowest error ratings for the year. Associate, Information Systems Technology - May 2001. Northern Virginia Community College, Woodbridge, VA. Certificate, FOCUS Master Certification concentration on FOCUS Application. Development - March 1993. Information Builders, Inc., Arlington, VA. Certificate, Telecommunications - March 1988. Telecommunications School, 29 Palms, CA.
Billings West High, Billings, MT. Basic FOCUS Series for DP Professionals, March 1992 Database Design for good belonging essay FOCUS, March 1992 Advanced Techniques for FOCUS, April 1992 Harvard Graphics, September 1992 Lotus 1-2-3, September 1992 Modern Structured Analysis, September 1992 Fundamentals of ADP Project Management, September 1992 End Users Requirements Analysis, October 1992 dBase III Plus, October 1992 PC/FOCUS Intermediate Reporting, December 1992 PC/FOCUS Internals, December 1992 PC/FOCUS Optimization, February 1993 NATURAL Programming Foundations, April 1993 Building NATURAL Applications, April 1993 AutoCAD Level 1 R12, March 1994 Introduction to Windows/Ami Pro, April 1994 Release 3 Notes Applications Development I, February 1995 Release 3 Notes Applications Development II, February 1995 Supply Support, May 1995 Introduction to Notes ViP Applications, June 1995 Notes ViP Applications Development II, June 1995 Hands-On Lotus Notes Application Development, July 1996 Lotus Notes R4 Application Development I, December 1996 Hands-On Visual Basic 4, January 1997 Lotus Notes R4 Application Development II, January 1997 Introduction to Full-text Coding for Electronic Manuscript using SGML, February 1997 Introduction to Document Preparation for World Wide Web Publishing, May 1997 Lotus Script Introduction, August 1997 Mastering Visual Basic 5.0 Fundamentals, August 1997 Event Driven BASIC I Visual Basic 6.0 , June 2000 Lotus Notes 5.0 Application Development, July 2000 Introduction to HTML 4.0, August 2000 Advanced HTML 4.0, August 2000 Domino R5 Designer Fundamentals, Oct 2000 Domino R5 Application Security Workflow, Nov 2000 Domino R5 Application Architecture, Nov 2000. Top Secret Security Clearance July 1988 to critical introduction, July 1991. Available upon request. FineFoods Corporation, Aspen, CT. Technical Project Manager.
Responsible for the successful migration and doc compare and contrast, consolidation of critical introduction to animals FineFoods Lotus Notes infrastructure, into the Unilever Lotus Notes environment including messaging, applications, and servers. This included consolidation of task software 6 mail servers into one, 5 switch servers eliminated by redesigning topology, elimination of 2 virus scanning servers using sendmail, consolidated 3 application servers into one. Utilized AdminP to handle move of critical thinking introduction mail files, and of psychology master s thesis, workstation modifications. Managed team of to animals 5 Lotus Notes Professionals to produce necessary documentation, procedures, provide 2nd-3rd level support, and develop automated procedures. Good Introduction Belonging? Redesigned combined infrastructure to allow growth while consolidating hardware, and resources. Developed, tracked and maintained project time lines, budget costs, and risk management documentation. Thinking? Provided project support to other senior project managers, as needed who were involved with overseeing entire project. Managed client relations and expectation through weekly status reports and bi-weekly stakeholder meetings. Provided cost and resource analysis based upon resume, the consolidation and redesign of infrastructure. Modern Materials, Silver Locks, CT. Lotus Notes R5 Deployment:
Developed project plan for deployment of Lotus Notes R5 to global organization including consolidation of servers, clustering, resources, and timelines. Created environment to test mail and application functionality in a mixed and single R4/R5 environment. Migrated all test servers to R5 Coordinated office scheduling with department management for least impact on business, for deployment at each location. Interviewed trainers in three countries, and outlined both the business needs, and standards currently in place. Critical Thinking Introduction? Assisted trainers in developing custom courseware based on business needs.
Managed the scheduling for training in each location. And Contrast Essay? Trained local IT staff in introduction, best practices for help me to do my research paper use, and deployment techniques. Domino.Doc v3.0 Deployment: Worked with management to determine needs of departments. Thinking? Developed timelines for development process, and readiness of applications. Managed two Domino contract developers.
Assisted in the design, and development of custom Domino.Doc applications. Doc Compare? Scheduled training for the departments prior to deployment. Critical Thinking To Animals? Assisted developers in the training of users Created best practices guidelines for new applications. Lotus Notes R4.6 Deployment to Sweden: Determined needs of tennessee this location for cutover of Notes from MSMail. Introduction To Animals? Developed project plan including timelines, and resources for deployment. Tennessee Williams? Trained local IT staff using Lotus Notes Interviewed local Swedish trainer, and outlined business needs, and standards currently in place. Critical Thinking? Assisted trainers in developing custom courseware based on business needs.
Managed the scheduling for training. Trained local IT staff in task software, best practices for use, and deployment techniques. Installed and configured IIS 2.0, MS IEAK, and setup global Intranet. Assisted in defining standards including look and feel of the browser, HTML pages, and thinking introduction to animals, development practices. Microsoftword Resume? Manage and monitor Internet/Intranet usage, using Elron software. Lotus Notes Administration: Upgraded all 9 local Lotus Notes servers to R5.05 including MTA server from 4.62d. Completed rollout of Lotus Notes R5 to critical thinking to animals, 280+ users locally in essay, Windsor Locks, and critical thinking to animals, 6 servers, 200 users in both Scotland and introduction essay, Sweden. Setup of Notes Clustering in the Windsor Locks location, to provide fault tolerance and high availability for our Notes Mail Servers only.
Monitored, and tested before implementing in Europe. Designed front-end Welcome Page interface for thinking introduction to animals Lotus Notes R5 client used at of psychology, Modern Materials. Developed Lotus NotesR5 applications that functioned as an automated scheduling database for training. Critical Thinking Introduction? Responsible for help me to research paper all Notes applications delivery, including Domino Web applications, and critical thinking, the management of two Application Developers. Trained, and managed activities of one full time Junior Level Notes Administrator. Maintained all Domino security including server access, database ACL s, Group creation, generation of user ID s, and cross certification across organizations.
Setup LDAP to allow access to directory, and authentication by microsoftword Netscape users Monitored and maintained replication in a hub and spoke topology. Maintained all server programs, including Compact, Updall, Fixup. Provided all levels of support to thinking, in an R4.6x through R5.06 Lotus Notes global environment. Including remote, and resume, local users. Critical Introduction To Animals? Train both end users and IT support staff on product. Work with internal and external developers on design and implementation standards for production databases as well as providing quality control. Continued evaluation of new technology, i.e. Hand held devices as a means to access Lotus Notes locally, and remotely. Ongoing documentation of Lotus Notes, configurations, installations and task software, best practices.
Responsible for critical introduction daily Lotus Notes network Arcserve backups at our Windsor Locks location. Assist in the daily network administration in resume, an NT 4 environment. Provide 2nd and 3rd level support to critical thinking, all IT related issues. Help Desk implementation: Evaluate and standardize local support procedures for entire Western European Offices. Implementation of European Help Desk to example of psychology s thesis, Spain, Ireland, U.K. and thinking to animals, Holland. Ensuring relevant documentation for each countryoffice was created, and resourceful for the Help Desk to use as a support tool. This included printer documentation, login procedures and standards, remote connection procedures, infrastructure documents and basic in-house software documentation.
Participated in the marketing of the of psychology, Help Desk to each country. Trained local IT staff in each country to use the to animals, Call Logging package Remedy. Help Me To Research? Acted as European point of contact for issues dealing with the Help Desk. Office 97 Deployment: Western European End User support contact for thinking introduction the deployment of Office 97. Microsoftword Resume? Coordinated training for local IT staff using Office 97 Created support documentation for European Help Desk. Part of a merger team dealing with our IT counterparts in Cooper Lybrand whom Price Waterhouse recently merged with. Dealing with End User support issues as well as IT issues concerning relocation of staff between each Oldco. Thinking Introduction To Animals? This involved meetings between each IT organization and presenting our current structure/procedures and introduction belonging essay, developing strategies to combine the two of critical them. Due to the many complexities, it was necessary to create new structures/procedures. Price Waterhouse LLP, Bridgeport, CT.
Lotus Notes Administrator/Network Administrator. Responsible for the maintenance of Local, and Wide area Network connectivity in office of 300 staff. Managed Lotus Notes Administration Team in the Boston Key Center, which includes Boston, Syracuse, Buffalo, Hartford and good introduction, Rochester. Critical Thinking Introduction? Worked with Notes Admin team to implement Notes Clustering in the Boston office to example of psychology master s thesis, provide load balance and to animals, redundancy for task software the mail four servers. Consolidation of four network servers running Netware 3.11, into two servers running 3.12. Coordinate move of office floor to different parts of building for consolidation. Complete rewire of server room and removal of unused ring after consolidating office, and to animals, properly re-segmenting the existing rings for task software load balance and to implement TCP/IP on the new servers. Managed one full time staff who was responsible for 2nd level support and asset management. Critical Thinking To Animals? Enforced the use of our National Help Desk by of psychology s thesis setting up standards for local support staff to handle end user requests. Additionally, through relationships built within the various disciplines located in thinking introduction, our office, I was able to communicate and gain support from senior personnel enabling me to further persuade staff to and contrast, use the Help Desk as the first point of entry for introduction technical problems Organizing and scheduling the do my, upgrade of introduction our Lotus Notes servers from microsoftword resume v3.x to thinking introduction, v4.5, for task software the entire Boston Key Center.
Migration of two ProLiant 1500 servers running OS2/Notes 3.33 into one Compaq 5000 server running NT 4.0 and Domino 4.5 and critical to animals, migration of four 1500 s running OS2/Notes 3.33 to NT 4.0 and Domino 4.5. Responsible for deployment of Notes client 4.5 to and contrast, 1500+ staff in the Boston region that is comprised of the 5 offices. This involved the critical introduction, setup of task software new software on the Netware servers, scheduling of installation, providing additional on-site support to each office, training of local support staff on new software, scheduling of introduction to animals training class for general staff, and managing outsourced help brought in to assist in the local offices. Price Waterhouse LLP, Albany, NY. Information Systems Specialist. Assist in paper, the Administration of Novell Network and Lotus Notes Servers. Maintain user accounts, upgrade NOS software hardware. Maintain Notes servers, manage space and replication. Generate new users and maintain ACL s. Project leader in rollout of Windows95 MSOffice for satellite office of 300 + users. This included reconfiguration of Network Servers to firm standards, Inventory of critical introduction to animals all PC s checking lease expirations to replace any hardware challenged PC s, Scheduling of example master upgrades, Distribution of documentation, Scheduling of Desk Side Visits, Managing/training 6 outside consultants for duration of project brought in to assist. Prepare and critical thinking, deploy Desktop 2000 firm-standard applications to user population.
Work with departments in the implementation and setup of resume applications specific to their needs. Part of critical a team that organized firmwide MIS meeting in Tampa for 400+ people. Manage and train 2 junior full-time technicians in operational procedures. Introduction Belonging? Ensured operations of PictureTel video-conferencing system. Assisting in the development of thinking to animals Notes databases. Documentation of Network and resume, system problems in addition to creation of thinking to animals support documents. Edwards Technology, Woodstock, NJ. Help Desk Analyst. Johnson Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute in williams essays, Raritan, NJ. Troubleshooting and support in thinking, a large Pathworks environment. Doc Compare And Contrast? Supported the roll out of Windows 3.1 to 1500 users.
Supported Windows applications, and in house developed software. Thinking Introduction? Monitor and control print operations at local site and remote site in Pennsylvania. Johnson Johnson Government Affairs, Washington, DC. Trained clients onsite in Windows, WordPerfect, Lotus, and example master, Microsoft Mail. Performed daily backups of server to tape. Configured and critical introduction to animals, set up PC s for use on Banyan network. Evaluated Windows training courses and made recommendations for training of essay personnel. Documented daily activities and progress for corporate headquarters in NJ. 7/92 - 9/93 Brick Computer Science Institute.
Certificate in critical introduction to animals, Programming and Systems Analysis. CLP - Domino R5 system Administrator. MCP - Windows NT 4.0 Server/Workstation. Pentium, DELL, Compaq, HP, Apple Macintosh. Other: CD ROM, NIC s, printers, modems, HP DLT. Windows, Windows 95, Windows NT/2000/XP.
MS-DOS, Macintosh, Novell. Betsie Software Services, Inc. Convert Notes dB to Java based system. Modify the master, current Notes dB to allow for easier Export to Excel. Write Lotus Script Agent using ODBC to load multiple Microsoft Access dB s into a Notes dB. To Animals? This procedure saves the clerk about 20 hours per month. Create a similar routine to monitor the number of personnel needed at each Day Care Center. This enabled management to reduce the number of williams essays staff at each center, saving the company several salaries. Create product that allows users to introduction to animals, export their Notes Data to either Excel or an ASCII File. Design product using Lotus Script, and easily installed into do my, any Notes dB. Allow users to pick template of introduction to animals fields, fields within the doc compare, template, type of delimiters for critical thinking introduction multi-value fields, and what documents.
300 users , Listing of Profiles approx. 500 users , Institutional Client List 200 users , Company Meetings approx. 400 users . dB s were developed mostly with Lotus Script, using Script Libraries for standard routines. dB s were developed under R4.6 of Notes. Assist the and contrast essay, Notes Administrator by developing dB to move dB s from the critical thinking introduction, staging server to production; dB to read the doc compare and contrast, notes directory allowing notes team to update the dB with key users, links to other dB s, scheduled agents and documentation. Write Lotus Script routines to critical, mass update the Corporate NAB and users local NAB when the task software, domain name changed. Agents developed using Lotus Script. Develop Lotus Script that allows the users to Load Notes dB s into thinking to animals, an Access dB and Load Access Data into example s thesis, a Notes dB. Critical Thinking Introduction? Develop dB where users can import their Excel Workbooks into a dB that provides workflow capabilities. After Associates enter their information, which they can then send to Custody/Portfolio Associates and microsoftword resume, Accounting for critical thinking introduction to animals processing. Introduction Essay? When the department finishes their work, the associate is notified that the critical thinking introduction, work is complete. Create agents to notify the good introduction belonging, departments of when work is coming due, due that day and over due.
Develop agent that notifies the associated when the enter batch of work is thinking complete, and partially complete telling them what pieces are still not done . Of Psychology Master S Thesis? System tracks history of when emails are sent and who was notified. System handles money movements of major clients, usually moving over 1 million per transaction. approx. 300 users Develop agents to import data from legacy systems into Notes dB s. These agents can be run via the thinking introduction, views or as scheduled agents. Good Belonging Essay? The agents send email on critical introduction to animals, normal completion as well as failure. These routines were used to replace LEI and master s thesis, Repli-Action. Thinking? All routines were written using Lotus Script. Wrote standard Lotus Script Libraries for use by task software other programmers to increase productivity. Lead Application Developer. Install Lotus Notes for the company. First install covered about 600 people, with 6 servers.
Connected satellite offices, 4 at that time with their own servers. Set up replica copies of key databases through out the critical, offices. Oversaw the Notes Administrator and task software, 4 programmers. Work with all Senior Management on thinking introduction, implementation and scheduling of Notes for their departments. Decreased time to process a loan from resume 25-30 minutes per loan to 10-13 minutes, processing nearly 10,000 loans per month by critical thinking using ODBC drivers to load data from Foxpro to a Notes dB. This allowed the Data Entry team to be able in increase the number of loans to help research paper, be processed from 250 million/month to 650 million/month with no increase in staff. Agents were run at night sending out dB s to to animals, offices showing possible errors, thus correcting possible mistakes before the loan made it to the Servicing System. Lead team to bring imaging in house Domino.Doc , as of March 99 in final testing phase. 10 to 20 people expected in workforce reduction. Total cost of task software system will be under 400,000 imaging nearly 1 million documents.
Implement Lotus Domino, provide senior management with key databases, e.g. Critical Introduction? Delinquency by Source, Funding by Date, Provide alternative lookups into CPI loan servicing system reducing the help research, cost of looking up loans. Develop routines to load Notes Data into Access dB s. Develop/Train Sales force on critical introduction, how to use Access creating their own Queries. Eliminate 30-50 jobs using Lotus Notes to increase employee productivity. Task Software? Implemented Help Desk to assist users who are having problems with hardware and/or software. Thinking Introduction? Provide classroom training and doc compare and contrast essay, one on one training. Lotus Development Corp. Worked closely with users and management to update/enhance the thinking introduction to animals, Subscription Services Program.
This was an in-house developed package. The system was written in VAX Basic running under a VAX/VMS operating system. Good Essay? Provided training to staff to increase productivity. Thinking To Animals? Decreased the amount of microsoftword paper work by over 60 by providing Notes dB s to critical introduction to animals, management and the Sales force. This allowed them to access/view the doc compare essay, data without the need to critical thinking introduction to animals, carry reports. The Notes dB s were developed from R2 to R4 of Lotus Notes. Load VMS Data from RMS to a Notes dB for the Sales Staff. Provide simple Notes dB for groups.
Provide support of task software software packages purchased, e.g. Great Plains Accounting and FAS Fixed Asset Accounting. Aided in moving software from VAX 8650 to 3100, resolved day-to-day problems modify command procedures. General Program Maintenance; investigated rounding problems; documented how and provided solutions to critical to animals, every day tasks; instructed European staff on how to use EDT to improve productivity. Bachelor of Science, Business Administration. Major: Quantitative Methods. Minor: Accounting, Finance, Investments.
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Hill. August 1982 to May 1987. Current languages: LotusScript, HTML and Java Script. Previous languages: C, Visual Basic, SQL. Systems: Windows 95 and NT, AS400, AIX. Passed RDBMS concepts on Brainbench. Total of years Notes Development/Administration/Engineering experience: Feb 2000 - Present. Alles Construction Group ACG , Dallas. Lead Notes Developer. Released upgrade of ACG s Business Tracker databases, a project and client management system with Crystal reporting.
November 7, 2000. Releasing version 2.2 of Centech s IRISDocs Construction Management system Changes include a new R5 GUI for the web, improved workflow between Architect, Owner, and Project Engineer. Integrated Insurance tracking database into IrisDocs This involves insurance management of Subcontractors . Improving the thinking introduction to animals, correspondence applications so that the different companies of Alles can design their own correspondence printed letters, Crystal reports, e-mail and e-fax and do my paper, new routing functionality is built in. Created P3 Material Expediting Process which imports the scheduling of construction materials from the P3 application on the AS/400. Made enhancements to the Punch List/Palm Pilot application which exports punch lists into the construction manager s Palm Pilot. Created the Alles Intranet site for Alles Mid-Atlantic which includes a newsletter. Eventually the Alles Intranet site will include a corporate calendar, links to critical, human resources databases, the SOP Standard Operating Procedures database for Alles, and a catalog for all Notes applications used within the company. Continually working with management to example s thesis, define and critical introduction to animals, refine the application development process for the company. This includes business analysis, requirements definition, development and change control, documentation, testing, and deployment. May 1999 - February 2000. Houston Custom Homebuilders, Irving, TX.
Lead Notes Developer. For CH Mortgage have created an on-line Loan Prequalification Application. Applicants fill out the forms and select the region or loan officer. The forms are then routed to the appropriate officer and me to, manager. Agents are run to monitor the statuses of the databases and to generate reports. Critical Introduction? For the next release of the database, it will allow applicants the ability to view the research paper, status of their applications on-line. And for the workflow on the back end, it will interface with the thinking to animals, Mortgage package on TMO, where all of DR Horton mortgage information is kept. Currently working on a project to move the entire CH Mortgage web site into Notes.
Will release a similar on-line database for DRH Mortgage San Diego soon. For DR Horton DFW North, creating their entire web site into Notes. Previously, when DFW North managers wanted to make the frequent changes to their site, they would sent the graphics, maps, prices, subdivision and good introduction belonging essay, lot information to MIS which would make the changes. The turnaround time was unacceptable. This database allows them to create Subdivsions and introduction, House Plans, enter the task software, data and graphics, and have the thinking to animals, changes show up instantaneously on their web site. Also incorporated into this database are Virtual Tour java applets which are animated tours of the task software, house plans. Creating a similar database for thinking introduction Continental Phoenix. New project to convert Milburn Homes to similar design. Updated DR Horton corporate manual into Notes.
Currently contains the company org charts, phone directories, corporate roster, employee personnel policy handbook, soft copies of dental, medical, health care forms, the williams essays, benefits plan, the healthcare plan, the profit sharing plan, the stock purchase plan, and Federal and State legal sign postings linked to respective Government web sites . For Human Resources, have completed a Payroll Submittal database which allows remote offices to enter their payroll data which then is accessed by Corporate Payroll and automatically imported into the ADP Payroll Database. Created an critical, on-line job application form, which when filled out, notifies appropriate HR department. Doc Compare Essay? Completed the System Access database, a workflow database which allows division offices to request, approve, and critical thinking introduction to animals, complete user IDs and passwords for the following systems: AS400, Lotus Notes, Novell, NT Server, RAS, and Telephone. Currently working on task software, a Newhire/Termination database which will incorporate the System Access database with the thinking, other processes involved in help me to research, hiring and termination. This information will be imported into critical to animals, ADP. Working on an On-line sign in sheet for DR Horton Corporate.
Also in the works is incorporating a new HR Performance Management database with the other HR databases. This will generate periodic performance reports which will be signed off by manager and employee. Developed an Advertisement Job Log for example three divisions of Torrey/Hobson Homes.Rolled out 3 versions of the database to Atlanta, Charleston, and Raleigh. This tracking database contains all the advertising projects, the materials involved, and the cost of the project. Critical Introduction To Animals? Lot and task software, Subdivision database for Dobson Builders in critical thinking introduction to animals, Newport News. Task Software? This allows managers to create Subdivsion and Lot documents to manage construction information. Introduction? Other projects include a couple Contact Management databases, several reporting databases, and spreadsheet conversion projects. June 1998 - March 1999. ZAON Corporation, Chicago.
Refined and developed new functionality for a computer asset requisitioning system in Notes. This system consists of 3 databases, an authorization database where people and their authorization levels are defined, the requisition database in which requisitions for computer equipment are created and where the approval process takes place, and the ordering database in which vendors are assigned . Migrated these databases from tennessee williams 3.3 to 4.6 which included updating the forms with 4.x features, updating views and eliminating redundant ones, and adding new automation to critical introduction to animals, the requisition ordering process. Created the Item Catalog database which held the computer items and s thesis, kits previously accessed in PeopleSoft. Created the interface to PeopleSoft transactional systems using Casahl s ReplicAction tool. Developed a Notes database for an Oracle database administration group to thinking introduction, handle database requests and to serve as a reference for departmental and task software, technical information. January 1998 - May 1998. KINWA Business Credit Corp. Notes Developer and thinking to animals, Consultant. Migrated Kinwa s Capital Equipment Finance Division sales and marketing teams from the ACT!
Contact Management software to me to research, a Notes version the Salesforce Tracking application Assisted in the migration of introduction to animals another team from Notes 3.3 to task software, 4.5. Did the functional requirements gathering and prototyping for the rollout of critical thinking introduction to animals their Salesforce Tracking databases due in May. Created the custom proposal feature which automates the creation of microsoftword resume lease proposals that salespeople can customize and present to the customer. Built the manuals for and assisted in the training of the sales and marketing teams of divisions. September 1995 - December 1997. Lotus Notes Administrator, Engineer, Database Developer and Manager. Help manage Galveston s Notes server lab which included Notes mail and database servers, VM and thinking introduction, Internet gateways, and Notes FAX servers. Grew Galveston Notes domain from 1000 to 6000 seats. Migrated Galveston domain from Release 3 to Release 4. Galveston groupware representative for defining NCO Network Computing Offering requirements for IBMUS Notes monitoring and selecting monitoring tools for IBMUS domain. Belonging? Department leader for ISO 9001. Defined Lotus Notes processes and procedures, and conducted security audits to fulfill ISO 9001 requirements and prepare for ISO certification.
Helped recruit and train Lotus Notes screen team 2nd level Help Desk to critical thinking introduction, support Galveston and IBMUS customers. Good Belonging Essay? Created a database in thinking, Script to enter server outages and perform trending analysis. Includes workflow to present solutions to management and get their approval in tennessee essays, the change control process. May 1992-September 1995. System Verification Test Architect. Designed and critical to animals, Managed LAN for multiple Enterprise Management product tests. Introduction Belonging Essay? Design test scenarios and LAN configuration for new network management products on OS/2 and critical introduction to animals, AIX platforms. August 1991-May 1992. SC State University. Graduate Teaching Assistant. Graduate TA for Operating Systems and good introduction, AI classes.
January 1991-August 1991. Northern Telecom now NorTel. Propogated software to different switch loads for ECORE and NT40 switches. Critical Thinking Introduction To Animals? Tested and debugged code. August 1990-October 1990. Integrated Industrial Information. In charge of porting project for CAD software. Apply management, training and technical skills to have your IT resources generate new sources of revenue and provide a competitive edge.
Develop and enhance Domino workflow applications. Perform technical candidate screens. NOTES LEAD DEVELOPER/CONSULTANT. Analyzed current asset management environment and used Notes and ODBC to good introduction belonging essay, design and develop global asset management system. This workflow system accommodates multiple technical request services. Data entry validations are performed via SQL/ODBC to Sybase. As a result as many as 25 groups could be involved simultaneously to critical introduction to animals, expedite the request. As the request is completed the asset inventory and microsoftword resume, billing records are updated via SQL/ODBC to Sybase.
In addition designed a portfolio management application to reduce costs and improve efficiencies. Developed Groupware Applications using agents, to of psychology, provide financial information and limit access to confidential documents. Morgan Information Technologies. Representing MIT at critical thinking to animals, AT T/Apprise in New Jersey to support Network Notes trial of example of psychology s thesis approximately 35 Notes Servers to be used for electronic commerce and information providers that is thinking introduction to animals running under TCP-IP. Assisted in enhancing the architecture and provided administrative support in addition to developing workflow and tracking applications to s thesis, promote internal communications and schedule workload. Conducted Notes administration training seminars. Critical Thinking? Developed a mail transfer routine for Notes by using background macros and williams, used the Notes API Toolkit to enhance administrative tools.
Introduced Hub/Spoke topology to eliminate mail routing and replication problems. Configured Compaq Proliant Servers using OS/2, LAPS, Novel Requester and Gamma Fax. Administered Notes network of more than 80 servers with multiple domains and protocols. Introduced TCP IP to improve server communications. Used Softswitch to accommodate multiple E Mail systems. Lead Information Systems Analyst. Led team to design and implement for the organization of over 60,000 users:
Lotus Notes infrastructure, including training users and critical introduction, developers. NOTES applications such as Time-and-Overtime, Managers Schedule and Employee s Appraisals to increase communications and task software, productivity. Oracle infrastructure, including training users and thinking, developers. Introduction Essay? Technical support and training while migrating to a distributed process environment. Client server architecture. Communication API s using TCP/IP and critical thinking to animals, Sockets as well as ODBC have been included in tennessee williams essays, this architecture. PC hardware and to animals, software standards. Essay? This includes processors, operating systems, communication protocols, network operating systems, DBMS, development languages, compilers and end user tools.
Supervise staff and consultants and critical introduction to animals, interface with users to design, train and implement the Motor Vehicle Charge-back System. The users communicate via an API using TCP/IP and Sockets, with the existing mainframe financial system of over 450 programs and task software, more than 200 DB2 tables. In addition, this application mechanizes most of the critical introduction, user s manual functions and help do my paper, eliminates data entry and error/correction routines. Thinking Introduction? This has been used as a model for all new PC applications interfacing with mainframe systems. Programmer/Systems Analyst/Project Leader. Designed and good essay, implemented the cash management system using Clipper with daily electronic fund transfers of over 50 banks to consolidate all corporate deposits. Designed, trained and implemented mission critical subsystems related to payroll for over 100,000 employees, using DB2 and thinking, VSAM files. This required a good understanding of and contrast external and internal accounting practices and several union negotiated contracts. This system accommodated over thinking introduction to animals 20 employee allotments for multiple companies and States in addition to on-line access to employee s records. Lotus Notes R3, R4, R5 Development/Administration. BA Mathematics CCNY : Dale Carnegie certificate.
Project Management : Certified LAN Administrator / 3COM. Richard B. Grispen. Over 12 years industry experience with a solid background in Intel-based hardware and task software, software and a focus on thinking, Networks and Network System Administration. Team player and task software, a fast learner. Lotus Notes: System Admin., Notes Rollout, install and setup users, write procedures, train users, Replication problems, mail file issues, trouble shoot network problems, create groups and thinking to animals, users, move to production of databases, versions from 3.15 to 6.0. Windows NT 3.51/4.0/2000: Workstation and Application Server for Lotus Notes.
Solid working knowledge of help me to do my paper PC hardware architecture, bus designs including ISA, VESA and PCI. Extensive background in PC Applications, hardware and software upgrades and troubleshooting to the board level. Component level knowledge as required for CPU, BIOS chips, and memory. Working knowledge of Unix workstation administration and utilities including file system setup, peripherals, shell programming, with recent industry experience in SunOS 4.x to Solaris 2.3 OS transition issues including NIS, NFS, IP Addressing, automounter, and printing. Strong background in the support of telecommunications and phones, 10BaseT and Ethernet plants for computers. Lotus Notes Ver. 3.15 - 4.63/6.0 System Admin., Notes Rollout, install and setup of users, trouble shoot problems, write procedures, train users, Setup OS2 Server, setup users on TCP/IP, Banyan Network, setup PC s, Notes Server Installs. Windows NT 3.51/4.0/2000 Workstation and Application Server Notes . Client Server Install of custom apps., networking issues, TCP/IP issues and trouble shooting client servers apps. Thinking? from the desktop. Task Software? TCP/IP Networks Install and maintain OS2 and NT 3.51 Notes Servers on large TCP/IP WAN. Intel 8088 to introduction to animals, Pentium III product line: hard disk, controllers, memory, floppies, motherboards, BIOS, modems, CDROMs, video cards, 10-baseT, thinnet, NIC, IRQ hardware resolution.
Dell Hardware: 6300,6350, 6450, 2450,2550 Servers Compaq Hardware: Servers, Desktops, Portables. Notes Senior System Administrator/ Level Two Support. Test server builds, Build servers, test new versions of OS and help, applications Upgrade servers to Windows 2000 from critical thinking to animals Windows NT 4.0 Level 2 support for doc compare Help Desk , managed servers across the WAN, created groups, moved databases to critical introduction, production, upgraded Notes Servers, tape backup and tennessee williams essays, restore issues, write procedures, ACL s management on databases, moved home servers, mail migration of users, Notes Named Networks, Global replication, dial-in issues. Build servers for Notes deployment and critical introduction to animals, upgrades. Tennessee? Compaq 4000/4500 standalone, install OS, patches, Notes, and introduction to animals, configure for the environment. On call for server problems Notes Version 4.X to Version 4.63 upgrade. Level 1 and belonging, level 2 support, training of technical staff, project management, hardware upgrades, trouble shoot PC problems related to Notes installs and thinking, upgrades.
Upgrade templates, archive database, mail files, cross certificates and other issues as they arise. Beta Version 5.0. Notes Developer/Administrator 1/98 - 7/98. Develop Notes databases, support local developers, Notes workflow applications, Notes projects, roll out Applications, trouble shoot application problems , server administration, trouble shoot server problems. Notes Specialist 7/97 - 12/97. Install clients, upgrade clients, level 2/3 support for support staff, train users, write documentation for users and support staff. Engineering Team 6/97 - 7/97.
Build servers for Notes deployment and upgrades. Compaq 2000, 4500, 5000 rack mounted and standalone, install OS, patches, Notes, SMS, databases and configure for the Kaiser environment. Notes Upgrade Team Lead and good introduction belonging essay, level 2 Support 1/97 - 5/97. Notes Version 3.X to Version 4.54 upgrade. Manage 3 Tech s doing upgrade, level 2 support, training of technical staff, project management, maintain training server, write newsletter for clients, hardware upgrades, trouble shoot PC problems related to Notes installs and upgrades.
Upgrade templates, archive database, mail file, cross certificates and other issues as they arise. Notes Level Two Support/System Administrator. Level 2 support for Help Desk , managed servers across the WAN, created groups, moved databases to critical to animals, production, upgraded Notes Servers, tape backup and restore issues, write procedures, ACL s management on databases, moved home servers, mail migration of users, Notes Named Networks, Global replication, dial-in issues. Currently taking Windows 2000 Professional, Server, Network and and contrast essay, Security at Foothill College. Notes System Admin. 2, R4.5 Wordlink Notes App. Dev 1., R4 Teknowlegy/Kaiser Bridges Routers and Gateways U.C Santa Cruz Windows NT Server 3.51 U.C Santa Cruz Windows NT Workstation 3.51 U.C Santa Cruz Lotus Notes: Version 3 to 4 transitition training Wordlink Oracle End User Training.
Learnix Notes: System Admin. 1/2, Notes Apps Dev 1, R3 International Micronet Systems Solaris 2.3 OS Transition. Critical Thinking Introduction To Animals? Sun Microsystems Solaris 2.3 Administration. Sun Microsystems Unix programming and of psychology s thesis, admin. Foothill College Regulatory Training Siemens Ultrasound Inc. Undergraduate studies in Business Administration USM, Portland, ME. A US citizen, MS Engineering, Lotus Notes Certified Administrator, Senior standing in Lotus Notes/Domino field - messaging, collaboration, security, administration experience. Six years of well-rounded experience in medium to large-scale environments.
Managed heterogeneous environments on a wide variety of operating systems, hardware platforms, networks and critical, applications. Possess good interpersonal, documentation and service delivery skills. Me To Do My? Proven ability in providing reactive and proactive support and, always aimed at reaching total customer satisfaction. Domino R3, 4 and up to 5.0.8, KDS, SameTime2.0, QuickPlace2.6, Windows 95/98/Me, 2000 professional, 2000 Server, NT4, Migration Tools, Binary Tree, Connectors, MTAs, AIX, RUMBA, BMC Patrol, Best/1, Candle Intelliwatch, GSD 5, Antigen, Norton Anti Virus, NewsEdge server, Domino.Doc, Right FAX, Team Studio Analyzer, Power tools, DYS, IDD, VNC, Carbon Copy32, PC Anywhere, Domino Enterprise server, Firewalls, DMZ, MIME Sweeper, Third party backup Utilities, Arc Serve, CommVault, X.500, X.509, Performance monitoring tools. Administered migration for US courts across US for cc:Mail to Domino R5 platform. Critical Thinking? Provided critical end user support, troubleshooting, problem identification, certification recertification, training, server maintenance, Domino administration, monitoring, migration, MTA administration. Managed address book.
Implemented infrastructure for intranet and extranet collaboration with other organizations, integrated and deployed applications on task software, the web, worked in a key support role to achieve migration. Provided coexistence and remediation testing support. Also, provided database management and application support to developers and power Lotus Notes users on their workflow application and, remote users. Managed troubleshoot Agents and coordinated with business units and critical thinking introduction, vendors to achieve the team goal of smooth migration and integration. Achieved server availability targets of 99 . Implemented infrastructure for statistics and event reporting. Microsoftword Resume? Implemented enterprise clustering and resolved issues related to thinking introduction to animals, clustering. Provided internal external support related to doc compare and contrast essay, Domino administration and third tier Notes support. Built servers in the test production environment and achieved extranet collaboration.
Tested various third party product, SMTP/MTA and introduction to animals, upgrades. Developed strategy for messaging, SMTP/MTA, CMS gateway, problem identification, troubleshooting and tennessee, mail routing management to achieve smooth operations. Achieved succesful management operation of Domino for AS/400. Managed backup and third ier support, Managed performance, implemented troubleshoot clustering issues. Sucessfully tested and critical thinking introduction to animals, installed several Domino server builds, NT servers at customer s server farm, handled networking, TCP/IP, security issues and achieved optimum performance levels.
Spearheaded on a project on establishing Performance and Capacity Planning standards for the corporation. Provided third tier support on Domino, MS network, LAN/WAN and TCP/IP to microsoftword, achieve goals defined by the corporate directives. United Solutions Group LLC Dallas/Chicago. Senior Consultant Collaboration. cc:Mail to thinking, Notes migration. Single domino domain, multiple notes networks, multiple OU s, geographically dispersed, SMTP and cc mail MTA, Thirty servers, Ten thousand users, VNC, NT4, Novell client on doc compare, NT, NDS, Clustered Servers. Installation of Domino, KDS, QuickPlace and thinking introduction to animals, Domino.Doc.
Integration with Right Fax. Two Domino clustered servers, One SMTP server, Proxy/2, SameTime, KDS, QuickPlace servers. Domino System Engineer R4 to doc compare, R5 migration, Remediation, Outlook Migration, Administration, Project Support, Deployments, Implementation, Integration, Agent Management ,Database Management and support, Security Issues, Workflow Application Support, Test Environment Creation, messaging support, Performance Process improvements, Trouble shooting and problem identification. User Support, Test server lab building, Extranet support. 20 Domino R4.0x R5.0x servers, Multi domain, Multi Notes network, geographically dispersed, Remote Users, Access Server, Twenty Servers, Fifty thousand Users, , VNC, IIS, http, LIMS, T1, Window 2000, Window NT4, Arc Serve, RPG, Compaq ML 530, DL 380, Clustered Servers, Test Servers, NAV, Notes pump. Domino System Engineer. Third Tier Support, Statistics Event Reporting configuration Performance Capacity planning and performance issues, Upgrades. 15 Domino R4.0x, R5.0x servers, Fifty thousand users, DMZ, Candle Intelliwatch, Pinnacle 99, RIB for internet access, Team Studio Analyzer, PC Anywhere, Clustered Servers, Pager, 24* 7, CommVault, Transaction Logging, Other third party tools, Test Server lab, ATT virtual private network, Sine key, clustered servers, Carbon Copy 32, Frame Relay. Critical Thinking? Extranet support, Active Directory Services, Banyan Vines.GSD. Group Ware Engineering, Training, Problem Identification, Troubleshooting, Backup Restore, Domino.Doc support, cc mail MTA support, messaging support, Test Lab building, Testing products, Extranet Domino support. Multi domain, Multi notes network, Extranet, CMS gateway, SMTP/MTA, Twenty Servers, 60,000 users, Domino 4x and 5x, NT4 and Domino for AS/400, 24* 7 pager support, RAID 1 RAID 5, cc mail MTA, Domino for AS/400, Domino .Doc, News Edge server, Clustering, 24*7 pager service, ARC serve, AS/400 backup utility, FDDI backbone, Ethernet 100 Mbs, X.25, NewsEdge Server, SMS.
RDS Global services / Service Delivery Team, Schaumburg, IL 13 months. Sr. Domino Administrator. Performance and Capacity planning, multiple accounts support, miration from Compuserve to IBM public Notes network. 300 + Domino R4 and tennessee williams essays, R5 servers were hosted for wide variety of IBM customers. Critical To Animals? Majority of servers were on NT4 platform with 20 on AIX and 10 on AS/400. Team was responsible for task software providing Service Delivery services. NT, Window 2000, Domino for AS/400, TCP/IP, Access server, Dialup VPN, RAID storage, 5250 and 3270, VNC, Lotus Softswitch, BMC, Carbon Copy32, PCAnywhere, FTP, TELNET, SLA, Clustered Servers, Directory Links, testing. Critical Thinking To Animals? Notes public network, Netfinity server. Montgomery Group, Chicago, IL 6 months.
Domain Consolidation, third tier user support, server maintenance, Lotus Notes administration TCP/IP training classes. 4 Production and 3 Test Domains, 80,000+ registered users, NT 3.51, Win95/98, Domino 3.x 4.x, geographically dispersed hub spoke topology, Netware 3.x, Mainframe, PC Anywhere, TCP. RDS Global Services, Chicago, IL 14 Months. Lotus Notes Administrator for help me to paper Ameritech Ametech-net domains, Database Management, Security, SMTP/MTA Administration, Infrastructure implementation for Replication, mail routing, re-certification, cross certification,cascading, Encryption key distribution, Third tier support for the geographically dispersed business managers, third tier phone desktop support, Problem identification, troubleshooting, deployments, monitoring, server maintenance, server installation, updates, performance. Fifty thousand users, twenty plus domino servers on introduction to animals, NT 3.5x, Hub Spoke topology, multiple domains, multiple Notes Networks, multiple geographically dispersed business units, Intranetware NTclient, MTA. Desktop Support, Remote Support, Phone Suport, modem communication support, TCP/IP support, Software installation, upgrades troubleshooting support, PC testing, installation, LAN/WAN implementation of clients, Setting up accounts, Restoration of corrupted files, maintenance, end user support, Import Export of data files, Logs monitoring, Security, memory resource issues, virus, backups, printer issues. SYSM, Net Navigator, Window 3.11, Window 95, TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, LAN Server, LAN Manager, PULSE, RUMBA, NETCensus, NETBUI, NETBIOS, Token Ring, Ethernet, Arcnet, UPS shipping Software, Pointcast, FTP, Netware client, Lotus Smart Suite, Netscape, Export Import utilities. Lotus Notes Administrator. User Registration, Flat hierarchical certification recertification, Printer issues, Public Address Book management, client installation, server administration, user training, troubleshooting, upgrades, PC testing, Mapping network drives, Please add the environment , X.PC, OS/2, Lotus Notes 3.x, NETBUI, NETBIOS, TCP/IP.
Education/Professional Certifications Development Associations: MS Engg, University of tennessee essays Cincinnati, OH, 3.57/4.0, 1990 Certified Lotus Specialist, System Administration I, System Administration II, Chicago, IL TCP/IP networking, Chicago, IL Lotus Notes Administration, Chicago, IL General Secretary, Robotic Institute, Cincinnati Chapter, OH 1990-1991. A Lotus Notes and Domino GroupWare consulting, messaging infrastructure, administration and application development position, in a best practices environment, integrating business, technical and introduction to animals, organizational solutions to enable users to do my research paper, incorporate and optimize Notes functionality in Domino Web applications, with document management, knowledge management, workflow and thinking to animals, other collaboration technologies. Certified Principal Lotus Notes and doc compare, Domino professional with over 6 years of experience delivering business, technical and organizational solutions with Lotus Notes and Domino-based GroupWare and Internet applications. Naeem is a Dual certified CLP Domino R5 System Administrator as well as a CLP Domino R5 Application Developer, with a strong background in critical thinking, Lotus Notes and cc:Mail, augmented by his years of work for Lotus Enhancement Corporation, both in Canada and South Africa. While with Lotus he served in a number of capacities as a Notes database manager, a Systems Engineer, a MIS Manager, and a Notes Administrator. Naeem is thoroughly experienced in installation, set-up, management, and troubleshooting of the Domino Web server. One of Naeem s most recent experiences was as a CLP Consultant Implementing Domino.Doc 2.5 on the Domino R5 system on me to paper, an AS/400 730. Developing the Taxonomy in the Domino.Doc Knowledge Management library. Naeem has a comprehensive knowledge of a variety of critical thinking introduction to animals software, hardware, operating systems, protocols, and example of psychology master s thesis, programming languages. His outstanding technical skills, and his support, training, and team management expertise make him a valuable addition to any firm.
Major technical strengths include knowledge management and managing protocols TCP/IP, SMTP, HTTP, FTP, UDP, SSL, SLIP/PPP, IPX/SPX. Bachelor of Applied Science, Industrial Engineering 1988 : University of Toronto. Lotus Notes: CLP Domino R5 Application Developer Lotus Notes: CLP Domino R5 System Administrator Lotus Notes: PCLP Notes Principal System Administrator R4 Lotus Notes: PCLP Notes Principal Application Developer R4 Lotus Notes: CLP Notes System Administrator R4 Lotus Notes: CLP Notes Application Developer R4 Lotus Notes: CLS Notes System Administrator R3 CNA, Certified Novell Administrator 3.11 SAP R/3 ABAP/4, EDI ALE-IDOC. cc:Mail to Notes/Domino Migration Developing Interactive Web Applications for Notes Developers Implementing TCP/IP with Microsoft LAN Manager Lotus cc:Mail Advanced Support Microsoft Office Products NetWare Service and Support Notes Basic Concepts Notes Mobile User Notes System Administration Windows NT Advanced Server 3.1, NT 4 Server OS/2, AS/400, TCPIP, HTML, C, Fortran, Pascal Windows 2000 Professional and Server Networking and OS Essentials Linux Implementation and Management Fundamentals of Java Programming. RTE Trading, Houston.
Managing change of domino server s underlying hardware and OS from essays Windows NT to Windows 2000. March 2001 - Dec 2001. Notes/Domino R5 Global Operations. Administering, monitoring, analyzing, implementing design changes and troubleshooting situations for performance optimization of 350 Lotus Notes R4 servers and Lotus Domino R5 servers for a Windows NT4 distributed globally in a hub-spoke topology. Maintaining Connectors for seamless messaging for over 100,000 users amongst the 4 disparate messaging systems: Notes R4, Notes R5, Exchange and PROFS. Documenting, implementing, supporting and rolling out critical thinking introduction to animals SameTime 1.5 using the Microsoft Netmeeting client for over 1000 globally distributed users. June 2000 - Feb 2001.
Developing the Taxonomy in thinking to animals, the Domino.Doc Knowledge Management library. Preparing comprehensive documentation for KM rollout and training Site and Library Administrators as well as end users. Smart Consulting, Houston. March 1999 Oct 1999. Senior Notes Migration Consultant. Administering specialized tasks in Domino R5 = Clustering to perform load balancing and failover support to tennessee essays, manage high database availability. Migrating enterprise messaging to Domino R5 from cc:Mail db8 . Critical Thinking Introduction? Implementing SMTP for intermittently connected dial-up Domino mail servers utilizing ISP s ETRN. Master? Implementing installations of Domino R5 for the AS/400 730.
Nov 1998 Feb 1999. Senior Notes/Domino AS/400 Consultant. Administering, and implementing installations of Lotus Notes/Domino 4.62 on the AS/400. Introduction? Migrated Domino 4.62 from IPCS NT4 to native AS/400 file system. Implementing and Configuring Domino.Doc 2.0 in Notes 4.63 on NT. Developing Web Applications using Domino.Action in task software, Lotus Notes/Domino 4.6 to implement Domino server on the Web giving users browser access for workflow and POP3 mail.
May 1996 to thinking introduction to animals, Sept 1998. Information Systems Projects Consultant. Technical member of the tender team to submit fulfillment of example master s thesis IT tenders to the Government of South Africa, Parastatals and Banks. Technically Supervising hands on Internet installations, web hosting, HTML design. Training clients on all Winsock Internet applications.
Setting up Virtual Domains and joint venturing SUB-distributorships between Future Concepts and ISPs. Administering Notes/Domino 4.6 server enabling Notesmail to Internet using the introduction to animals, SMTP MTA. Implementing VirtualMotion LanBridge and resume, MailBridge for client s LAN. Lotus Enhancement, Johannesburg. Aug 1995 to April 1996. Business Partner Notes Administrator. Administering and consulting installations of Lotus Notes to Business Partners Distributors and Dealers . Administrator and end-user training on Notes and connecting them to thinking introduction, Lotus Notes Network for Replication and Mail Routing via remote dial-up and through the Internet. Lotus Enhancement, Johannesburg. Aug 1994 to July 1995.
Manage and essay, maintain all internal computer and communications systems. Administer all Notes Servers, cc:Mail Post Office, NetWare file Servers, Routers, Modems. Administer seamless communication between Notes servers and cc:Mail Post Office with Lotus Mail Exchange. Providing Help Desk support for Notes servers and end-users. Lotus Enhancement, Johannesburg. April 1992 to July 1994.
Sales Systems Engineer. Demonstrate and Evangelize Lotus Software internally and all major trade shows. Provide pre-sales support and training to clients on full range of Lotus Software. Lotus Enhancement, Toronto. June 1991 to March 1992. Technical Support Service Specialist. Provide telephone and telefax pre-sales and post-sales technical support.
Inside sales of software and corporate help desk sales. Hosting trade shows and product launches. Lotus Notes Database Manager for thinking Service Product Information Database. Alice Consulting, Toronto. Sept. 1990 to do my research paper, June1991. Selling and installing PC based point of sale systems. Provide both telephone and on-site customer support. Involved in the development of inventory control systems. Homelife Quality, Toronto.
July 1987 to introduction to animals, Aug. Help Do My Paper? 1990. Syndicating and managing properties for offshore investors. Soliciting in to animals, person, by phone and mail to list properties for sale. Paper? Marketing industrial, commercial and residential properties for sale. Negotiating offers on behalf of critical introduction to animals buyers and vendors. Digital Universe, Toronto. May 1986 to Aug. 1986. Animation Sales Consultant.
Selling computer animation services to TV networks in Toronto. Essay? Contracts gained by my efforts: CBC-The Journal, Global-Network ID. Selling computer animation software to other graphics imaging companies such as Omnibus. Developed hardware configuration to transfer graphics images to introduction to animals, 3/4 broadcast quality videotape. Factory Compusystems, Toronto. May 1985 to Aug. Example Master S Thesis? 1985. Unix Systems Administrator. Writing C modules for computer graphics package to be installed on an IRIS graphics workstation.
RDBMS : MS Access, DB2, SQL Server, Oracle and Progress. Operating Systems : Unix, Novell Netware Win NT 4.0 server /2000/95/98,RS6000/AIX AS/400,Novell Netware. Other Software : People Soft, Photoshop, Dream weaver, TeamStudio, MS-Office, Crystal Reports. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE PROJECTS. April 2002 to Current. Migrating Lotus Notes To Exchange.
Wrote Lotus Script agent to generate ACL List for All databases on the server and export to excel. Wrote Lotus Script agent to compare an Excel sheet with documents in tennessee essays, Address book and Copy the matching documents to another database. Wrote agents to Lock/Unlock All Ids except the Administrator s ID for migration. Wrote Agent for forwarding mails from notes to exchange. Created Replica copies of All databases before migration. Critical To Animals? Created directory catalog and directory assistance for the server. Created exchange user accounts and configured outlook clients for essay the end users. Parametric Technology Corporation, Redwood, P.A.
Involved in the System Analysis and Design using standards Created Detailed Design Document Specification. Good Introduction Belonging Essay? Design high-level system structure, implement system design from specifications. Prepared functional document based on user requirements. Interacted with the clients and gathered user requirements. Identified basic entities and designed database based on user input. Devised validation, workflow, approval, mailing and data integration in thinking introduction, Lotus Script.
The consultant replies back to good, the customer stating the remedy to critical thinking to animals, his problem and email memo is sent to the end user and the Administrative account when the ticket is closed. Example Of Psychology Master? The consultant has a search feature to search for the ticket No, status etc submitted to the application. Involved in the System study for critical the application. Task Software? Design high-level system structure, implement system design from specifications. Prepared design document, user document for the project.
Developed forms and views for the application. XML was used to organize fields in critical introduction, forms. XML was used to display data in views and pages. Developed agent that sends e-mail memo with URL of the do my paper, documents to introduction, the consultant. Of Psychology Master S Thesis? Designed and introduction to animals, implemented site search capability in a Notes multi data base web enabled application. Created fields for authors and readers in the forms, roles for the database access and prepare access control list for setting up the database.
Setting up the Security levels for the databases. Developed search function for the application. Testing was done by introduction essay writing dummy IDS. Administered and supported multiple Domino Servers including creating new IDs, scheduling replication, rebuilding damaged views, renaming users, database management on critical thinking to animals, servers etc. Randolf Technologies Inc., CA. May 2000 to August 2000.
Migrated Notes Data to oracle using DECS. Written lotus script and scheduled to task software, run on DECS for inserting, updating and deleting Records. Proposed a New System to be developed in Java using three-tier architecture. Crystal reports was used for reporting on the web. Developed a Prototype in java. Design high-level system structure, implement system design from specifications.
The database stores one record in the database for each of the servers in the network. Several forms were designed in this database. Each form provides a different view of data depending upon the purpose of inquiry. Users can inquire form on a row of data or perform data entry on fields for which access has been granted. The field engineers in rebuilding or replacing the critical thinking, hard drive for a server use the williams, Print form or configuration sheet. Involved in the System study design of forms and views for introduction the application. Created Detailed Design Document Specification.
Prepared functional document based on user requirements. Interacted with the clients and gathered user requirements. Design high-level system structure, implement system design from specifications Setting up the Security levels for the databases. Developed agents, which use OLE automation objects for task software exporting data from notes to thinking, excel. Loading or importing SQL data to notes using lotus script. Created roles for the database access and prepare access control list for setting up the database. Good Belonging? Testing of data was done in the development server using the dummy ids.
United Atlantic Systems, Boston, MA. Jan l999 to July 99. Employee Management Appraisal System. Lotus notes 4.6.1A/ Domino, HTML, Java Script, Lotus script, Peoplesoft, NotesPump, Netscape Communicator Internet Explorer, Windows NT 4.0. This system was developed for the management to monitor the performance of the employee each year. Before the beginning of each quarter, based on the corporate directives and specifics communicated by the supervisor, the employee sets the objectives and thinking introduction, fills them in the appraisal form on-line and communicates the same to the supervisor with the URL. At the end of each quarter, supervisor evaluates the performance of do my research each employee against the objectives and sends e-mail to his manager with URL, for review. Depending on thinking to animals, the ratings, given by the manager and doc compare and contrast, the supervisor, the employees are given benefits and measure to improve the performance and to animals, initiated.
At the end of the year, batch job is used to copy the performance ratings into essay, People Soft database. Involved in the System study design of forms and views for the application. Developed written agent that sends e-mail memo with URL of the documents for review and comments. Created a button that composes a memo form and sends a reply message to the supervisor. Critical Thinking? Created fields for authors and readers in the forms, roles for the database access and prepare access control list for tennessee williams setting up the database.
Setting up the Security levels for the databases. Lotus Pump to connect domino and peoplesoft database for querying, updating and critical thinking introduction to animals, modifying data. Wrote Lotus script agents to populate data into People soft from domino. Developed crystal reports for Master Contract Developed PO commitment report and PO status report Modified PO printing based on the user requirements Developed Open order listing for master s thesis Inventory Developed Receiving Line Asset Report Developed Inactive Items, brand name wise report and thinking introduction, Transaction history report. Example S Thesis? Business Unit wise report of item master list and item group re-order quantity report. Testing was done by thinking introduction writing dummy IDS. IDS Corporation, Malaysia. Monthly Project Reporting System. Lotus notes 4.5,Lotus script, Lotus Components OLE , Notes Pump, Oracle 7.x, Windows 95, HTML, Java Script, Windows NT 3.51. This application was developed for williams essays a construction company to thinking to animals, know the essay, status of the project. This system helps in critical thinking, creating a project report at a site and reviewing it on line in the head office.
This application has two databases - Report Database, Archive Database. System study, Designing and developing forms, Testing and implementation. The Report Database prepared at the site helps to williams, create and maintain its project details. This report is updated daily to the head office online. Lotus component was used to create sheets, according to the user s right of access. The Archive Database at thinking to animals, the site maintains archived reports for that site. The H.O. maintains archived reports for all sites. The report consists of several sections like the contractor particulars, Executive summary, financial status, Progress report and Project personnel.
These sections can be created at the site-by-site personnel. Easy to use navigators are provided to help in me to paper, creation or viewing the thinking introduction, report. The report reviewed is sent back to the site where it is kept in the report database for about two months. It is then archived and moved to the Archive database where old reports are maintained. Used Lotus Pump for connecting to Oracle Database for introduction essay inserting, updating and modifying records. Carried out Unit level, system level and module level testing at different phases of the critical introduction to animals, project by inputting test data on the test server. Microsoftword Resume? Involved in testing the introduction, system for user acceptance by inputting data during implementation for getting user acceptance certificate. Setting up the belonging, Security levels for the databases. Setting up the Notes servers on introduction, Windows NT 4.0 with single logon using TCP/IP Protocol Registering users and tennessee, configuring the notes client on critical, NetBEUI Protocol. Providing Access control list to each database according to essay, the user needs. Regular scheduling for backup of the servers and tuning the databases.
Migration of thinking to animals Notes Databases into williams essays, Exchange as a test case. Royal Renaissance Consulting. Recruiting Management System. This application helps the critical introduction, company in microsoftword, recruiting new candidates who sent in their bio- data for various positions. To Animals? This maintains details of williams existing employees like qualifications, work experience, personal details etc. This also helps the critical, HR in evaluating the example of psychology, employees at the time of annual appraisal. To Animals? Carried out Unit level, system level and module level testing at different phases of the project by inputting test data on the test server. Involved in testing the system for user acceptance by inputting data during implementation for getting user acceptance certificate. Lotus notes 4.5,Lotus script, HTML, Java Script, Windows 95, Windows NT 3.51. System study, Designing and tennessee williams, developing form, testing and to animals, implementation.
Involved in the System study for the application. Developed forms and views for the application Designing and coding of several forms and and contrast essay, agents within the application using Lotus Script and Formula languages. Database has different access levels like Manager, author, reader or other for different users, taking into critical introduction, consideration security aspects. Lotus Script was used to ensure the security of the application. Carried out Unit level, system level and module level testing at different phases of the doc compare, project by introduction inputting test data on the test server. Involved in testing the system for user acceptance by inputting data during implementation for getting user acceptance certificate. Royal Renaissance Consulting. Hardware Maintenance System. Lotus notes 4.0,Lotus Script, Windows 95,Windows NT 3.51. The application was developed to keep online tracking of the of psychology s thesis, machines in the company across various locations.
This application not only keeps track of the systems in the company, but it also enables users to report the problems they face daily, through Notes Mail to the System Administrator, who can solve their problem. It also maintains details of the vendors and availability of software CD-ROM in the company. System study Designing and developing forms and implementation. Involved in the System study for the application. Developed forms and views for the application Designing and coding of several forms and agents within the application using Lotus Script and critical thinking, Formula languages. Database has different access levels like Manager, author, reader or other for example master s thesis different users, taking into consideration security aspects. Setting up the critical introduction to animals, Security levels for the databases. Lotus Script was used to ensure the security of the williams, application. Critical? Carried out Unit level, system level and module level testing at microsoftword resume, different phases of the project by inputting test data on the test server. Thinking? Involved in testing the system for user acceptance by inputting data during implementation for getting user acceptance certificate.
Setting up the Notes servers on Windows NT 4.0 with single logon using TCP/IP Protocol Registering users and configuring the notes client on good belonging, NetBEUI Protocol. Thinking Introduction To Animals? Providing Access control list to good belonging, each database according to critical thinking, the user needs. Regular scheduling for backup of the task software, servers and tuning the databases. Provided Daily Administration and Troubleshooting for Notes Network which included: Creating User accounts, Creating Server IDs, ID Management, Maintained Domino Clusters, Maintained all aspects of the Name and Address Book, Created Certifiers, Configured and Maintained ACLs, Maintained Domino Servers Across Multiple Platforms, Performance Monitoring, Preventive Maintenance and Insured Reliable Mail Routing and critical thinking introduction, Replication Experienced Troubleshooting Server-to-Server and Client-to-Server Connectivity Issues related to TCP/IP, SPX/IPX, Token Ring, Ethernet, Firewalls, Gateways, Dial-ups, Replication and Domino Passthru Servers. Lotus notes 4.5, Lotus script, Operating system : Windows 95, Windows NT 3.51.
This application was developed to crosscheck the workdays utilized for each Project. The project leader allocates modules to each programmer with a time schedule to complete it. The programmer has to enter the details of his/her work during the day. Do My? Suppose a project gets over before the schedule date and the programmer has been updating his technical skills during the free time, said particulars are also entered into the system. This helps the HR to know whether he/she has effectively utilized the free time.
This helps the thinking to animals, company during the task software, time of introduction to animals performance appraisal. It stores Client and their corresponding Project details. It also keeps track of Project Allocation and Project Activity details of each Associate. Carried out Unit level, system level and module level testing at different phases of the project by inputting test data on the test server. Involved in testing the system for user acceptance by inputting data during implementation for getting user acceptance certificate. Role : System study, Designing and developing forms, Testing and implementation. Creek Cold Lipton Ltd. March 1996 - June 1996.
Branch Commercialization Module. Progress 6.0, UNIX. It is a Customization of MFG PRO Package .It analyzes the sales made in belonging, a day in each area like credit Sales, debit Sales, payment details and group wise inventory details. Role : System Study, Analysis, Design, Implementation and Documentation. Creek Cold Lipton Ltd. July 1995 - February 1996. Field Distribution Module. Progress 6.0, Unix.
It is a Customization of MFG PRO Package. It captures data online regarding sales transfers by the factory and the clearing and forwarding agents. It also generates Reports like daily Sales Report, weekly sales report, cashbook analysis and others. Role : System Study, Analysis, Design, Implementation and Documentation. February 1995 - June1995. Sales Information System. FoxPro 2.5, Novell NetWare. Application generates multiple invoices, pre and thinking, post shipped documents, post balances to Accounts system automatically. Monthly sales tax statement, sales performance reports are some of the reports generated. Role : System Study, Analysis, Design, Implementation and Documentation.
August 1994 - January 1995. Inventory Control System. FoxPro 2.5, Novell NetWare. Application takes care of raw material purchase, inventory maintenance, production schedules. Purchase summary report, stock availability, and pending bills are generated.
Role : System Study, Analysis, Design, Implementation and Documentation. Over six years experience working with Lotus Notes four of which as a Domino application developer. As a certified Principal Application Developer in help me to, Notes R4 and a certified Notes Domino R5 Application Developer. I have a wide range of experience designing, deploying Lotus Notes applications from initial requirements analysis through the final production stage. R5 Notes CLP certification Application Development. R4 Notes PCLP certification Application Development. R4 Notes CLS certification Systems Administration. Strong Solutions, Harvard, VA. September 1999 to present.
Lotus Notes/Domino Developer. Assigned to diverse projects in the commercial and introduction to animals, governmental sectors. Using Notes Formula language and Lotus script, developed Lotus Notes applications in tennessee essays, Releases 4.x and 5.x. Modified, developed and supported an Domino R5 Workflow Document Tracking System that sends scanned copies of correspondences to designated offices and allow those offices to create, comment, recommend, and approve a return response document to the correspondent. Combined multiple applications into a single entry point system that included check in/ check out of items electronically ordered by the user and then included a workflow for the approval/disapproval of the request. The system tracked the status of the to animals, request throughout the process. Converted Domino R4.6 applications to Domino R5.x. Developed an e-mail based application database for tracking the activities of Service Managers.
Reengineered un-functional Lotus Notes databases. Task Software? Enhanced and supported Lotus Notes applications that allowing each to be shared by multiple departments. Critical To Animals? Created many new workflow applications and developed a Notes database Inventory system. Performed R4 administration tasks to include registering new Notes users, re-certifying expired user ID files, installing Lotus Notes clients, and troubleshooting replication failure, connection and application access errors. Performed end user training classes on resume, using the Lotus Notes client and Notes applications. Rayon Informatics, Ottawa, Canada. August 1998 - August 1999. Lotus Notes Application Developer. Extensively involved in critical thinking introduction to animals, all aspects of Lotus Notes application development for a wide variety of clients from the conception and design stages through development, testing, in-service modifications, documentation and troubleshooting. Specialized in customization, according to the client needs, of OverQuota which is me to do my paper a Notes-based Sales Force Automation System tool. Created a discussion database with Workflow feature to facilitate creation of critical introduction to animals Discussion Groups with multi-level security and request for me to do my research paper joining a discussion.
Workflow automation and security was implemented using e-mails and database agents. Also, modify and maintained the critical thinking introduction to animals, Industry Canada web page, which was a Notes database located on good introduction belonging essay, a Domino server. SmartVision Inc., Ottawa, Canada. June 1995 - August 1998. Provided user support on critical introduction to animals, Lotus Notes database applications including a Student database, Inventory database and and contrast, Course Schedule databases. Also performed database customization work that included creating views, modifying forms with additional fields, defining field characteristics.
Enhanced database functionality with Notes R4.5 features like action buttons, agents and critical thinking introduction, navigators. Notes Formula Language, LotusScript. MS Office 2000/97/95, MS Outlook 97/2000, Lotus Domino 5.x/4.x, WordPerfect, Netscape Communicator, Internet Explorer, Norton Utilities, Norton anti-virus, Remedy, OverQuota. New Delhi Polytechnic, India. Diploma in Nursery and Primary Teacher s Training, 1982. Delhi University, India.
B.A Honors in Political Science with Minor in Economics, 1980. Over seven years professional and practical experience in Groupware and Information Technology environments. Major strengths: Lotus Notes Systems Administration and Microsoft Windows NT/2000 Systems Administration. Certified Lotus Professional: Notes Principal System Administrator R4 and essays, Domino Principal System Administrator R5. MS-DOS 6.2, Microsoft Windows 3.1, Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.11, Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 Server and Workstation, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Server and Workstation, Microsoft Windows 95/98, Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional and Server 2000, IBM OS/2 2.1 and IBM OS/2 Warp 3.0. Ethernet networks, Hubs, Switches, Gateways, Firewalls, Groupware: Lotus Notes/Domino client/server Releases 3x, 4x and critical thinking to animals, 5x Hub Spoke topology. Software on PC s and servers Microsoft Windows 95/98, Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 Server and Workstation, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Server and Workstation, Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional and Server, IBM OS/2 2.1, IBM OS/2 Warp Connect 3.0, Lotus Notes client/server Releases 3, 4, 4.5 and 4.6 , TCP/IP software and configuration.
IBM and microsoftword, compatible Personal Computers, Dell PowerEdge servers, Compaq Proliant servers, Apple Macintosh, HP LaserJet printers, Hayes and compatible modems. Lotus Notes/Domino client/server Releases 3x, 4x and 5x , Microsoft Systems Management Server, Symantec PcAnywhere, ARCServe 6.1 Backup. TRINITY LINKS, LLC. Lotus Notes/Domino clients and servers 4.5.5, 4.6.3, 5.03, 5.08, Microsoft Windows 95/98 clients, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 clients and servers, Microsoft 2000 Professional and Server. Domino administration: server setup, RIP analysis, Chart Links Rehabilitation application installation, deployment, remote and on-site support and maintenance for the following clients: Buffalo Hearing Speech Columbus Children s Institute Columbus Speech Hearing DuPage Easter Seals Chicago, IL Hearing Speech Deaf Center of Greater Cincinnati. WebSphere Standard and Advanced editions version 3.5: installation, deployment and to animals, configuration.
NT administration: client/network analysis and troubleshooting, performance monitoring, created and maintained NT accounts, groups and security Backup administration. 1/97 3/2000 LOTUS NOTES CONSULTANT. Clients: Salem Gas and example of psychology, Electric Corporation, Sarcom and introduction to animals, Borden Chemical. Lotus Notes clients and servers 3.3, 4.5, 4.6a, 4.6.1d, 4.6.5a, Microsoft Windows 95/98 clients, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 clients and servers, Microsoft 2000 Professional and Server. Systems Administrator responsible for supporting and maintaining Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 and Notes/Domino environments. Assisted in migration from Office Vision PROFS to Lotus Notes at RGE Supported and maintained both internal and example master s thesis, external client/server database applications Installed, deployed and maintained Notes servers on introduction to animals, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0.
NT Administration: created and maintained NT accounts, groups and security. AMERICAN COMPUTERS, INCORPORATED. Product Support Associate, Notes Marketing. Lotus Notes clients and servers 3.15, 3.30, 4.0. Systems Administrator responsible for supporting and maintaining Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 and task software, Notes/Domino environments. Prepared demonstrations and presentations for Lotus Symposiums and the annual Lotusphere trade show. Collaborative Communication Skills Rethinking Stress Franklin Time Management TestOut!
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Notes on Logic and Critical Thinking - Iowa State University
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Most of the ACT is critical thinking introduction, entirely multiple choice. All you have to worry about when answering the questions is that you’re filling in the correct answer bubble! But then there’s that (optional) Writing section, which requires you to give your answer in words. How are you supposed to write a persuasive essay in task software 40 minutes? What format should your essay have? Is there an ACT essay template that can guarantee you a high score? We'll answer these questions in this article.
feature image credit: homework ritual by woodleywonderworks, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from introduction original. What Does Your ACT Essay Need? 5 Key Elements. In order to do well on ACT Writing, your essay will need to have the following five elements (not necessarily in this order): The first thing the grader will see is your opening paragraph, so you should make a good impression. Don't just jump right into the meat of your essay - introduce your perspective (your thesis statement) and how it relates to the other perspectives given by introduction essay the essay prompt. You don't necessarily have to critical, start out by writing your introduction (you can always leave a few lines blank at the top of microsoftword resume your essay and come back to critical, it after you've written your example paragraphs), but you MUST include it. Master? 2. Your Thesis Statement (should be in thinking introduction to animals your introduction)
You must take a perspective on the issue presented in the prompt paragraph and state it clearly . I advise using one of the introduction belonging essay, three perspectives the ACT gives you as your position/perspective; you can come up with your own perspective, but then you have more work to do in critical the essay (which is not ideal with a time constraint). Your thesis statement (the statement of your perspective) should go in the introduction of your essay. 3. A Discussion of All Three Perspectives. Essays? In your essay, you must discuss all three perspectives the ACT gives you . Make sure to discuss pros as well as cons for the perspectives you don’t agree with to introduction to animals, show you understand the complexities of the issue. 4. Williams? Examples or Reasoning to Support Each Point. To support your arguments for and against each perspective, you need to draw on reasoning or specific examples . This reasoning should be in the same paragraph as the arguments.
For instance, if your argument is about how globalization leads to greater efficiency, you should include your support for this argument in the same paragraph. And it's not enough to just say “Because freedom” or “Because Stalin” or something like that as your support and leave it at thinking, that. Essays? You need to actually explain how your reasoning or examples support your point. Avoid discussing multiple points in thinking one paragraph. Example Master S Thesis? Instead, our recommended strategy is to discuss one perspective per to animals paragraph . This organization will not only make it easier for you to task software, stay on critical thinking introduction, track, but will also make it easier for your essay's scorers to follow your reasoning (always a good thing). The 5-paragraph structure might seem boring, but it is a good way to keep your points organized when writing an essay. For the ACT essay, you'll need an introduction, three body paragraphs (one paragraph for each perspective), and a conclusion . You should state your thesis in your introduction and conclusion (using different words in your conclusion so that you're not repeating yourself exactly).
So how do you write in this five paragraph structure on the ACT? I'll show you how to put the plan into action with an essay template that can be used for any ACT essay question. First, here's the prompt I'll be using: Public Health and Individual Freedom. Most people want to be healthy, and most people want as much freedom as possible to resume, do the things they want. Unfortunately, these two desires sometimes conflict. Introduction? For example, smoking is good belonging essay, prohibited from most public places, which restricts the freedom of some individuals for the sake of the health of others. Likewise, car emissions are regulated in many areas in order to reduce pollution and its health risks to others, which in turn restricts some people’s freedom to critical thinking, drive the vehicles they want. In a society that values both health and freedom, how do we best balance the me to research paper, two? How should we think about conflicts between public health and individual freedom?
Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Thinking Introduction To Animals? Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the conflict between public health and individual freedom. Our society should strive to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of people. When the doc compare and contrast, freedom of the individual interferes with that principle, freedom must be restricted. Nothing in thinking society is more valuable than freedom. Perhaps physical health is sometimes improved by restricting freedom, but the cost to the health of our free society is far too great to justify it. Research? The right to avoid health risks is a freedom, too. When we allow individual behavior to critical introduction, endanger others, we’ve damaged both freedom and health. Write a unified, coherent essay in example master which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the conflict between public health and individual freedom. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given.
Your perspective may be in thinking full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Essay? Whatever the thinking introduction, case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Next, I'll break down the ACT essay into its individual parts (introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion) and give examples for what each should look like. Because I'm writing in response to a specific prompt, some of the information may not translate exactly from essay to essay; instead, focus on the structure of the help research, paragraphs. I've bolded key structural words and phrases for you to focus on.
Begin your introduction with a general statement about the topic that draws the reader in; should provide some context for what you’ll be discussing in the essay. Introduction? Can be omitted if you’re short on time (1-2 sentences). Microsoftword Resume? As society progresses into the 21 st century, there are some pundits who create a false two-sided fight between individual liberty and complete dependence on the government. Next comes your thesis statement that includes a clear position on the issue. For highest score, you should also mention the other perspectives in contrast to the position you’ve chosen (1 sentence). Critical Thinking? While individual freedom is essential to society, I believe that the freedom to avoid health risks supersedes freedom of the help me to research, individual when individual behavior endangers others. Critical Introduction To Animals? Sample ACT essay introduction: As society progresses into the 21 st century, there are some pundits who create a false two-sided fight between individual liberty and example s thesis, complete dependence on the government. While individual freedom is essential to society, I believe that the introduction, freedom to avoid health risks supersedes freedom of the and contrast essay, individual when individual behavior endangers others. Body paragraph 1 (Opposing perspective) (5-7 sentences) Open with a transition to one of the other two perspectives (1 sentence). Perspective Two espouses the view that “[t]hose who give up freedom in thinking introduction order to gain security deserve neither.” Provide an example of how this perspective is somewhat true and explain why (2-3 sentences).
This perspective is true to some extent. For instance, in the Civil Rights movement, schools were integrated at the cost of both the mental well-being of racists, who had to deal with the blow to task software, their world view, and the physical and emotional well-being of those being integrated, who had to deal with the critical introduction, abuse flung upon them by said racists. The freedom to attend any public school was deemed more important to society than the temporary mental, emotional, and in some cases physical health risks caused by that freedom. Provide an example of good introduction how this perspective is to animals, mostly false when compared to the perspective you agree with and good belonging essay, explain why (2-3 sentences). Thinking Introduction? I do not believe, however, the microsoftword resume, Perspective Two is always a useful way to think about the world, particularly when life and thinking, death is at stake. During the Civil Rights movement, parents who were afraid their children might incur physical or even fatal harm from being forced to integrate still had the good introduction belonging, freedom to homeschool; the critical, same goes for parents who were racist and did not wish their children to interact with children of “lesser” races. Tennessee Williams? While the government pushed the issue of freedom of introduction to animals all people to attend all public schools, it could not make it mandatory for every child to attend a public school (rather than being homeschooled, or attending private or church school) and risk physical injury or worse. Sample Body Paragraph (Opposing Perspective): Perspective Two espouses the view that “[t]hose who give up freedom in task software order to gain security deserve neither.” This perspective is true to some extent. For instance, in the Civil Rights movement, schools were integrated at the cost of both the mental well-being of racists, who had to deal with the blow to their world view, and to animals, the physical and emotional well-being of of psychology master s thesis those being integrated, who had to deal with the abuse flung upon them by critical thinking introduction said racists. The freedom to attend any public school was deemed more important to society than the temporary mental, emotional, and in some cases physical health risks caused by that freedom. I do not believe, however, that Perspective Two is always a useful way to think about the world, particularly when life and death is at stake.
During the Civil Rights movement, parents who were afraid their children might incur physical or even fatal harm from being forced to tennessee, integrate still had the freedom to homeschool; the critical thinking introduction, same goes for parents who were racist and did not wish their children to interact with children of “lesser” races. While the government pushed the issue of freedom of all people to microsoftword resume, attend all public schools, it could not make it mandatory for every child to attend a public school (rather than being homeschooled, or attending private or church school) and risk physical injury or worse. Body paragraph 2 (Opposing perspective) (5-7 sentences) Same as above, except with the other perspective you disagree with/don't entirely agree with. Make sure to use transition words so that the change of topic (from the previous perspective) isn't abrupt or unexpected. To make your example of the Spanish Inquisition less unexpected, make sure to use transitions. Body paragraph 3 (Your perspective) (5-7 sentences) Acknowledge the value of the other two perspectives, but affirm that your perspective is the truest one (1-2 sentences). As can be seen from the examples above, sometimes the greater good means individual freedom is thinking, more important than personal health. For the most part, however, allowing individual behavior to harm others damages both freedom and health.
Provide one final example of why this perspective is true (3-5 sentences). And Contrast Essay? Some parents worry that vaccines contain toxic chemicals and so have fought for the right to not vaccinate their children against critical thinking, once deadly diseases like measles. Essays? By being allowed this freedom, however, these parents are not only putting their children at risk of catching these virulent diseases, but are risking the life of anyone with a compromised immune system who comes into contact with a non-vaccinated child. Critical Thinking Introduction To Animals? The results of the anti-vaccination movement can be seen in cases like the recent measles outbreak at Disneyland and the mumps outbreak at a New York City daycare company; both of these outbreaks unfortunately led to fatalities. When the health risks caused by personal freedom reach life-and-death stakes, it is doc compare essay, necessary to thinking introduction, restrict individual freedom in introduction belonging essay favor of freedom to avoid preventable health risks.
Sample Body Paragraph (Your Perspective): As can be seen from the examples above, sometimes the greater good means individual freedom is more important than personal health. For the most part, however, allowing individual behavior to harm others damages both freedom and thinking introduction, health. Tennessee Williams? Some parents worry that vaccines contain toxic chemicals and so have fought for the right to not vaccinate their children against once deadly diseases like measles. By being allowed this freedom, however, these parents are not only putting their children at risk of catching these virulent diseases, but are risking the life of critical thinking anyone with a compromised immune system who comes into contact with a non-vaccinated child. The results of the task software, anti-vaccination movement can be seen in cases like the recent measles outbreak at Disneyland and the mumps outbreak at a New York City daycare company; both of these outbreaks unfortunately led to fatalities. When the health risks caused by personal freedom reach life-and-death stakes, it is necessary to restrict individual freedom in critical thinking to animals favor of freedom to avoid preventable health risks.
Transition into restating your thesis, using different words (1-2 sentences). Essays? Sample ACT Essay conclusion: America was built on the idea that there is a fundamental right to life, liberty, and critical thinking introduction to animals, the pursuit of happiness – in that order. When individual behavior puts others’ lives at risk, it must be curtailed. Here is my final ACT essay template (excluding the second body paragraph): As society progresses into the 21 st century, there are some pundits who create a false two-sided fight between individual liberty and complete dependence on the government. While individual freedom is essential to society, I believe that the microsoftword, freedom to avoid health risks supersedes freedom of the individual when individual behavior endangers others. Perspective Two espouses the view that “[t]hose who give up freedom in order to gain security deserve neither.” This perspective is true to some extent. For instance, in the Civil Rights movement, schools were integrated at the cost of both the mental well-being of racists, who had to deal with the introduction to animals, blow to introduction, their world view, and the physical and emotional well-being of critical thinking to animals those being integrated, who had to tennessee williams, deal with the abuse flung upon critical to animals them by introduction said racists. The freedom to attend any public school was deemed more important to society than the temporary mental, emotional, and in some cases physical health risks caused by that freedom. Introduction? I do not believe, however, that Perspective Two is always a useful way to think about the world, particularly when life and introduction belonging essay, death is at stake. During the Civil Rights movement, parents who were afraid their children might incur physical or even fatal harm from being forced to integrate still had the freedom to homeschool; the same goes for parents who were racist and did not wish their children to critical thinking introduction to animals, interact with children of “lesser” races.
While the government pushed the issue of freedom of all people to attend all public schools, it could not make it mandatory for microsoftword, every child to attend a public school (rather than being homeschooled, or attending private or church school) and risk physical injury or worse. Thinking Introduction To Animals? [Body paragraph two on task software, the other opposing perspective would go here] As can be seen from the examples above, sometimes the critical introduction to animals, greater good means individual freedom is more important than personal health. For the most part, however, allowing individual behavior to harm others damages both freedom and health. Some parents worry that vaccines contain toxic chemicals and so have fought for the right to not vaccinate their children against essays, once deadly diseases like measles. By being allowed this freedom, however, these parents are not only putting their children at risk of catching these virulent diseases, but are risking the life of anyone with a compromised immune system who comes into contact with a non-vaccinated child. The results of the anti-vaccination movement can be seen in cases like the recent measles outbreak at Disneyland and the mumps outbreak at a New York City daycare company; both of these outbreaks unfortunately led to fatalities. When the health risks caused by personal freedom reach life-and-death stakes, it is necessary to restrict individual freedom in favor of freedom to avoid preventable health risks. America was built on to animals, the idea that there is a fundamental right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness – in that order. When individual behavior puts others’ lives at risk, it must be curtailed. Of Psychology S Thesis? Even though there are some minor grammatical issues in this essay, because they don't significantly affect the readability of my essay they don't matter.
There are also some factual inaccuracies in this essay (as far as I know, there haven’t been any reports of a mumps outbreak in NYC daycare facilities), but that doesn’t matter for the ACT as long as the facts are persuasive and make sense in the context of the essay . Adding false information about a mumps outbreak added to thinking, the persuasive impact of the essay, so I put it in, whereas I couldn’t figure out task software a way to work dinosaurs into this essay, and critical to animals, so they were not included. Next essay, my velociraptor friend. Doc Compare And Contrast Essay? Next essay. How Do You Write Essays In This Format? Now that you have a structural template for your ACT essay, how and when do you use it? An essay template is most helpful during the planning phase of your essay.
Whether you're writing a practice essay or taking the test for real, it's important to take the time to plan out your essay before you start writing. I personally believe 8-10 minutes is a good amount of planning time to start out with, although you may get faster at thinking to animals, planning as you practice, leaving more time for writing and revising. It might be tempting to leave out this planning stage so that you have more time to read the prompt or write. Don't fall into this trap! If you don’t take the time to task software, plan, you run the critical thinking introduction, risk of help research paper writing a disorganized essay that doesn't really support your argument or omits one of the perspectives. Thinking To Animals? If you’re struggling with decoding the resume, prompts, be sure to read my article on how to thinking, attack ACT Writing prompts; it'll help you break down every ACT Writing prompt so that you can extract the information you need to write your essay. In addition to using this essay template when you're planning out your essay, you also need to make sure you practice writing this kind of essay before you take the real ACT Plus Writing. Don't expect to just memorize this outline and be good to go on test day - you'll need to practice putting the belonging essay, template to good use.
Practice with as many ACT Writing prompts as you can - our complete guide to ACT Writing prompts will get you started. Remember, your essay should be in the following format: Your point of critical view on the essay topic (should be the same as one of the three perspectives the ACT gives you). Example S Thesis? Body paragraph 1 (Opposing perspective) - 5-7 sentences. Reason why it's true (with reasoning or examples for support) Reason why it's not as true as your perspective (with reasoning or examples for critical, support) Body paragraph 2 (Other opposing perspective) - 5-7 sentences Reason why it's true (with reasoning or examples for support) Reason why it's not as true as your perspective (with reasoning or examples for support) Body paragraph 3 (Your perspective) - 5-7 sentences One last reason why your perspective is and contrast essay, true (with reasoning or examples for introduction, support). Tennessee Williams Essays? Conclusion (with your thesis restated) - 1-2 sentences. Want to thinking, learn more about how to help research, write a top-scoring ACT essay? Watch as I construct an ACT essay, step-by-step. Introduction? Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses.
If you liked this ACT Writing lesson, you'll love our program. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get your ACT essays hand-graded by a master instructor who will give you customized feedback on and contrast essay, how you can improve. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about critical thinking what to study next. Williams? Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and thinking introduction, earned a Master's degree in doc compare and contrast Composition from the Longy School of critical thinking introduction Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on example of psychology master s thesis, the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in thinking to animals high school.
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Critical thinking introduction to …
component of essay The Tragedy of the critical thinking introduction, Commons. Science #13, December 1968: Vol. Resume! 162 no. 3859 pp. 1243-1248. This has been translated into Polish here: The Tragedy of the Commons, Garrett Hardin, Science, 162(1968):1243-1248. At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, J.B.
Wiesner and H.F. Critical! York concluded that: Both sides in example master s thesis, the arms race are#133;confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. To Animals! It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for example of psychology master, solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.''  I would like to focus your attention not on the subject of the thinking introduction to animals, article (national security in a nuclear world) but on the kind of conclusion they reached, namely that there is no technical solution to the problem. An implicit and almost universal assumption of discussions published in professional and task software semipopular scientific journals is that the problem under discussion has a technical solution. Thinking Introduction! A technical solution may be defined as one that requires a change only in the techniques of the natural sciences, demanding little or nothing in the way of change in human values or ideas of morality.
In our day (though not in earlier times) technical solutions are always welcome. Because of previous failures in prophecy, it takes courage to assert that a desired technical solution is not possible. Wiesner and York exhibited this courage; publishing in a science journal, they insisted that the solution to the problem was not to be found in doc compare, the natural sciences. Critical Introduction! They cautiously qualified their statement with the phrase, It is our considered professional judgment. Whether they were right or not is not the williams, concern of the present article. Rather, the concern here is with the important concept of a class of human problems which can be called no technical solution problems, and more specifically, with the identification and discussion of one of these. It is easy to show that the class is not a null class.
Recall the game of critical thinking introduction tick-tack-toe. Consider the problem, How can I win the game of tick-tack-toe? It is well known that I cannot, if I assume (in keeping with the conventions of game theory) that my opponent understands the game perfectly. Put another way, there is no technical solution to the problem. I can win only by giving a radical meaning to the word win.
I can hit my opponent over the head; or I can falsify the example of psychology master, records. Introduction! Every way in which I win involves, in essays, some sense, an abandonment of the game, as we intuitively understand it. (I can also, of course, openly abandon the game -- refuse to play it. This is what most adults do.) The class of no technical solution problems has members. My thesis is that the population problem, as conventionally conceived, is a member of this class. Critical To Animals! How it is conventionally conceived needs some comment. It is fair to say that most people who anguish over the population problem are trying to find a way to avoid the evils of overpopulation without relinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy. They think that farming the seas or developing new strains of wheat will solve the doc compare and contrast, problem -- technologically. Critical To Animals! I try to show here that the solution they seek cannot be found.
The population problem cannot be solved in a technical way, any more than can the problem of task software winning the game of tick-tack-toe. What Shall We Maximize? Population, as Malthus said, naturally tends to grow geometrically, or, as we would now say, exponentially. In a finite world this means that the per-capita share of the world's goods must decrease. Is ours a finite world? A fair defense can be put forward for the view that the world is infinite or that we do not know that it is not. But, in terms of the practical problems that we must face in the next few generations with the critical introduction to animals, foreseeable technology, it is clear that we will greatly increase human misery if we do not, during the task software, immediate future, assume that the world available to the terrestrial human population is finite. Space is introduction, no escape.  A finite world can support only a finite population; therefore, population growth must eventually equal zero. (The case of help me to do my perpetual wide fluctuations above and below zero is a trivial variant that need not be discussed.) When this condition is met, what will be the situation of mankind?
Specifically, can Bentham's goal of the greatest good for the greatest number be realized? No -- for two reasons, each sufficient by itself. The first is a theoretical one. It is not mathematically possible to critical maximize for two (or more) variables at the same time. Essay! This was clearly stated by von Neumann and Morgenstern,  but the principle is implicit in the theory of partial differential equations, dating back at least to D'Alembert (1717-1783). The second reason springs directly from biological facts.
To live, any organism must have a source of energy (for example, food). This energy is utilized for two purposes: mere maintenance and work. For man maintenance of life requires about 1600 kilocalories a day (maintenance calories). Anything that he does over and above merely staying alive will be defined as work, and is supported by work calories which he takes in. Work calories are used not only for what we call work in common speech; they are also required for critical thinking introduction, all forms of enjoyment, from swimming and automobile racing to playing music and writing poetry. If our goal is to maximize population it is obvious what we must do: We must make the work calories per person approach as close to zero as possible. No gourmet meals, no vacations, no sports, no music, no literature, no art#133;I think that everyone will grant, without argument or proof, that maximizing population does not maximize goods. Bentham's goal is impossible. In reaching this conclusion I have made the usual assumption that it is the acquisition of good essay energy that is the problem. The appearance of atomic energy has led some to question this assumption. However, given an infinite source of energy, population growth still produces an critical introduction, inescapable problem.
The problem of the acquisition of energy is and contrast essay, replaced by introduction to animals, the problem of its dissipation, as J. H. Fremlin has so wittily shown.  The arithmetic signs in the analysis are, as it were, reversed; but Bentham's goal is unobtainable. The optimum population is, then, less than the maximum. Of Psychology! The difficulty of defining the optimum is introduction to animals, enormous; so far as I know, no one has seriously tackled this problem. Reaching an acceptable and stable solution will surely require more than one generation of hard analytical work -- and much persuasion. We want the maximum good per person; but what is good? To one person it is belonging, wilderness, to another it is ski lodges for thousands.
To one it is thinking introduction to animals, estuaries to nourish ducks for hunters to shoot; to another it is factory land. Comparing one good with another is, we usually say, impossible because goods are incommensurable. Incommensurables cannot be compared. Theoretically this may be true; but in real life incommensurables are commensurable. Only a criterion of judgment and a system of weighting are needed.
In nature the criterion is survival. Is it better for a species to be small and hideable, or large and powerful? Natural selection commensurates the resume, incommensurables. Critical Thinking Introduction To Animals! The compromise achieved depends on a natural weighting of the of psychology master, values of the variables. Man must imitate this process. There is no doubt that in fact he already does, but unconsciously. It is when the critical introduction to animals, hidden decisions are made explicit that the arguments begin.
The problem for the years ahead is to work out an acceptable theory of weighting. Synergistic effects, nonlinear variation, and difficulties in discounting the tennessee williams essays, future make the intellectual problem difficult, but not (in principle) insoluble. Has any cultural group solved this practical problem at the present time, even on an intuitive level? One simple fact proves that none has: there is no prosperous population in the world today that has, and has had for some time, a growth rate of zero. Any people that has intuitively identified its optimum point will soon reach it, after which its growth rate becomes and remains zero.
Of course, a positive growth rate might be taken as evidence that a population is below its optimum. However, by any reasonable standards, the most rapidly growing populations on earth today are (in general) the most miserable. This association (which need not be invariable) casts doubt on the optimistic assumption that the positive growth rate of a population is evidence that it has yet to reach its optimum. We can make little progress in working toward optimum population size until we explicitly exorcise the introduction, spirit of Adam Smith in the field of practical demography. In economic affairs, The Wealth of Nations (1776) popularized the invisible hand, the resume, idea that an individual who intends only his own gain, is, as it were, led by an invisible hand to promote#133;the public interest. Thinking!  Adam Smith did not assert that this was invariably true, and perhaps neither did any of his followers. But he contributed to a dominant tendency of thought that has ever since interfered with positive action based on rational analysis, namely, the tendency to assume that decisions reached individually will, in fact, be the best decisions for an entire society. If this assumption is correct it justifies the continuance of our present policy of laissez faire in reproduction. If it is do my, correct we can assume that men will control their individual fecundity so as to produce the optimum population.
If the assumption is not correct, we need to reexamine our individual freedoms to see which ones are defensible. Tragedy of Freedom in a Commons. The rebuttal to critical introduction the invisible hand in population control is to microsoftword be found in a scenario first sketched in a little-known Pamphlet in 1833 by a mathematical amateur named William Forster Lloyd (1794-1852). Critical!  We may well call it the tragedy of the commons, using the word tragedy as the philosopher Whitehead used it : The essence of dramatic tragedy is task software, not unhappiness. Thinking! It resides in the solemnity of the remorseless working of things. He then goes on to say, This inevitableness of destiny can only be illustrated in terms of human life by incidents which in fact involve unhappiness. For it is microsoftword resume, only by them that the futility of escape can be made evident in the drama. The tragedy of the commons develops in this way. Picture a pasture open to all. It is to be expected that each herdsman will try to keep as many cattle as possible on the commons. Such an arrangement may work reasonably satisfactorily for centuries because tribal wars, poaching, and disease keep the numbers of both man and critical beast well below the carrying capacity of the land.
Finally, however, comes the day of reckoning, that is, the day when the long-desired goal of social stability becomes a reality. At this point, the inherent logic of the tennessee, commons remorselessly generates tragedy. As a rational being, each herdsman seeks to maximize his gain. Explicitly or implicitly, more or less consciously, he asks, What is the utility to me of thinking to animals adding one more animal to my herd? This utility has one negative and one positive component. 1. Task Software! The positive component is a function of the increment of one animal. Critical! Since the herdsman receives all the proceeds from the sale of the additional animal, the positive utility is nearly + 1. 2. Tennessee! The negative component is a function of the thinking introduction to animals, additional overgrazing created by one more animal.
Since, however, the effects of overgrazing are shared by all the herdsmen, the negative utility for any particular decisionmaking herdsman is only a fraction of - 1. Adding together the component partial utilities, the rational herdsman concludes that the task software, only sensible course for him to pursue is to add another animal to his herd. And another. But this is the conclusion reached by each and every rational herdsman sharing a commons. Critical! Therein is the tragedy. Each man is locked into a system that compels him to increase his herd without limit -- in a world that is s thesis, limited. Ruin is the destination toward which all men rush, each pursuing his own best interest in critical thinking introduction, a society that believes in the freedom of the commons. Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all.
Some would say that this is a platitude. Would that it were! In a sense, it was learned thousands of years ago, but natural selection favors the forces of psychological denial.  The individual benefits as an individual from good introduction essay his ability to deny the truth even though society as a whole, of which he is thinking introduction, a part, suffers. Education can counteract the natural tendency to do the wrong thing, but the inexorable succession of generations requires that the basis for this knowledge be constantly refreshed. A simple incident that occurred a few years ago in task software, Leominster, Massachusetts shows how perishable the knowledge is. Introduction! During the Christmas shopping season the parking meters downtown were covered with plastic bags that bore tags reading: Do not open until after Christmas. Free parking courtesy of the mayor and city council. In other words, facing the task software, prospect of an increased demand for already scarce space, the city fathers reinstituted the system of the commons. (Cynically, we suspect that they gained more votes than they lost by this retrogressive act.)
In an approximate way, the logic of the commons has been understood for a long time, perhaps since the discovery of agriculture or the invention of critical introduction to animals private property in real estate. But it is understood mostly only in special cases which are not sufficiently generalized. Even at this late date, cattlemen leasing national land on the Western ranges demonstrate no more than an ambivalent understanding, in constantly pressuring federal authorities to increase the head count to the point where overgrazing produces erosion and weed-dominance. Likewise, the oceans of the world continue to suffer from the survival of the philosophy of the commons. Maritime nations still respond automatically to the shibboleth of the freedom of the seas. Professing to believe in the inexhaustible resources of the oceans, they bring species after species of fish and whales closer to research paper extinction.  The National Parks present another instance of the working out critical introduction to animals, of the tragedy of the commons. Task Software! At present, they are open to all, without limit. The parks themselves are limited in extent -- there is only one Yosemite Valley -- whereas population seems to grow without limit. The values that visitors seek in the parks are steadily eroded.
Plainly, we must soon cease to treat the parks as commons or they will be of no value to anyone. What shall we do? We have several options. We might sell them off as private property. We might keep them as public property, but allocate the right to enter them.
The allocation might be on the basis of wealth, by the use of an auction system. To Animals! It might be on the basis of merit, as defined by microsoftword resume, some agreedupon standards. It might be by thinking, lottery. Or it might be on task software, a first-come, first-served basis, administered to long queues. These, I think, are all objectionable. But we must choose -- or acquiesce in the destruction of the commons that we call our National Parks. In a reverse way, the critical introduction to animals, tragedy of the commons reappears in resume, problems of pollution. Here it is not a question of taking something out to animals, of the commons, but of putting something in -- sewage, or chemical, radioactive, and good belonging heat wastes into water; noxious and dangerous fumes into the air; and distracting and unpleasant advertising signs into the line of sight. The calculations of utility are much the same as before.
The rational man finds that his share of the cost of the critical to animals, wastes he discharges into the commons is less than the cost of purifying his wastes before releasing them. Since this is true for everyone, we are locked into a system of fouling our own nest, so long as we behave only as independent, rational, free enterprisers. The tragedy of the commons as a food basket is averted by private property, or something formally like it. But the air and waters surrounding us cannot readily be fenced, and so the doc compare and contrast essay, tragedy of the commons as a cesspool must be prevented by different means, by coercive laws or taxing devices that make it cheaper for critical thinking introduction to animals, the polluter to treat his pollutants than to discharge them untreated. We have not progressed as far with the solution of task software this problem as we have with the first. Indeed, our particular concept of private property, which deters us from exhausting the positive resources of the earth, favors pollution. Critical Introduction To Animals! The owner of a factory on the bank of a stream -- whose property extends to the middle of the stream -- often has difficulty seeing why it is not his natural right to muddy the waters flowing past his door.
The law, always behind the times, requires elaborate stitching and fitting to adapt it to this newly perceived aspect of the commons. The pollution problem is a consequence of population. Good Belonging! It did not much matter how a lonely American frontiersman disposed of his waste. Flowing water purifies itself every ten miles, my grandfather used to say, and the myth was near enough to the truth when he was a boy, for there were not too many people. But as population became denser, the natural chemical and critical introduction biological recycling processes became overloaded, calling for help me to research, a redefinition of property rights. How to Legislate Temperance? Analysis of the pollution problem as a function of population density uncovers a not generally recognized principle of morality, namely: the thinking, morality of an act is a function of the state of the system at the time it is performed. Help Paper!  Using the commons as a cesspool does not harm the general public under frontier conditions, because there is no public; the same behavior in a metropolis is critical thinking to animals, unbearable. Help Do My Research Paper! A hundred and fifty years ago a plainsman could kill an American bison, cut out only the tongue for critical thinking, his dinner, and discard the essays, rest of the critical, animal. He was not in any important sense being wasteful.
Today, with only of psychology master, a few thousand bison left, we would be appalled at such behavior. In passing, it is thinking to animals, worth noting that the morality of an act cannot be determined from microsoftword resume a photograph. One does not know whether a man killing an elephant or setting fire to the grassland is harming others until one knows the total system in which his act appears. Thinking Introduction! One picture is worth a thousand words, said an ancient Chinese; but it may take ten thousand words to validate it. Example Master! It is critical thinking introduction, as tempting to ecologists as it is to reformers in general to try to persuade others by task software, way of the photographic shortcut. But the essence of an argument cannot be photographed: it must be presented rationally -- in critical thinking introduction to animals, words. That morality is system-sensitive escaped the attention of most codifiers of ethics in the past.
Thou shalt not#133; is the form of traditional ethical directives which make no allowance for particular circumstances. The laws of our society follow the pattern of microsoftword ancient ethics, and therefore are poorly suited to governing a complex, crowded, changeable world. Critical Introduction To Animals! Our epicyclic solution is to augment statutory law with administrative law. Since it is practically impossible to resume spell out all the conditions under which it is safe to introduction burn trash in the back yard or to run an good belonging, automobile without smogcontrol, by law we delegate the details to bureaus. The result is critical thinking, administrative law, which is rightly feared for an ancient reason -- Quis custodies ipsos custodes? --Who shall watch the watchers themselves?
John Adams said that we must have a government of laws and not men. Bureau administrators, trying to evaluate the of psychology, morality of thinking introduction acts in the total system, are singularly liable to corruption, producing a government by master, men, not laws. Prohibition is easy to legislate (though not necessarily to enforce); but how do we legislate temperance? Experience indicates that it can be accomplished best through the mediation of administrative law. We limit possibilities unnecessarily if we suppose that the sentiment of Quis custodiet denies us the critical introduction, use of of psychology s thesis administrative law. We should rather retain the phrase as a perpetual reminder of fearful dangers we cannot avoid. The great challenge facing us now is to invent the corrective feedbacks that are needed to keep custodians honest.
We must find ways to legitimate the needed authority of both the custodians and the corrective feedbacks. Freedom to Breed Is Intolerable. The tragedy of the commons is involved in population problems in another way. In a world governed solely by thinking, the principle of dog eat dog --if indeed there ever was such a world--how many children a family had would not be a matter of public concern. Parents who bred too exuberantly would leave fewer descendants, not more, because they would be unable to essay care adequately for their children. David Lack and others have found that such a negative feedback demonstrably controls the thinking to animals, fecundity of me to research birds.  But men are not birds, and have not acted like them for thinking introduction, millenniums, at least. If each human family were dependent only on its own resources; if the children of improvident parents starved to death; if thus, over breeding brought its own punishment to the germ line -- then there would be no public interest in essay, controlling the breeding of families. But our society is critical, deeply committed to the welfare state,  and hence is confronted with another aspect of the tragedy of the introduction essay, commons. In a welfare state, how shall we deal with the family, the religion, the race, or the class (or indeed any distinguishable and cohesive group) that adopts over critical to animals, breeding as a policy to secure its own aggrandizement?  To couple the concept of resume freedom to breed with the belief that everyone born has an equal right to the commons is to lock the world into a tragic course of action.
Unfortunately this is just the course of action that is being pursued by the United Nations. In late 1967, some thirty nations agreed to the following: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights describes the family as the natural and fundamental unit of society. It follows that any choice and decision with regard to the size of the family must irrevocably rest with the thinking to animals, family itself, and cannot be made by anyone else.''  It is painful to have to deny categorically the validity of and contrast essay this right; denying it, one feels as uncomfortable as a resident of Salem, Massachusetts, who denied the reality of witches in thinking, the seventeenth century. At the present time, in liberal quarters, something like a taboo acts to inhibit criticism of the United Nations.
There is a feeling that the United Nations is our last and best hope, that we shouldn't find fault with it; we shouldn't play into me to do my research paper, the hands of the archconservatives. However, let us not forget what Robert Louis Stevenson said: The truth that is critical introduction, suppressed by friends is the readiest weapon of the research, enemy. If we love the truth we must openly deny the validity of the Universal Declaration of critical to animals Human Rights, even though it is promoted by the United Nations. We should also join with Kingsley Davis  in attempting to get Planned Parenthood-World Population to see the error of its ways in embracing the tennessee, same tragic ideal. Conscience Is Self-Eliminating. It is a mistake to think that we can control the breeding of mankind in the long run by to animals, an appeal to conscience.
Charles Galton Darwin made this point when he spoke on the centennial of the publication of his grandfather's great book. The argument is straightforward and Darwinian. People vary. Confronted with appeals to limit breeding, some people will undoubtedly respond to the plea more than others. Those who have more children will produce a larger fraction of the next generation than those with more susceptible consciences. The differences will be accentuated, generation by generation. In C. S Thesis! G. Darwin's words: It may well be that it would take hundreds of generations for the progenitive instinct to develop in this way, but if it should do so, nature would have taken her revenge, and the variety Homo contracipiens would become extinct and would be replaced by the variety Homo progenitivus. 
The argument assumes that conscience or the desire for children (no matter which) is hereditary-but hereditary only in the most general formal sense. The result will be the same whether the thinking introduction, attitude is transmitted through germ cells, or exosomatically, to use A. J. Lotka's term. (If one denies the latter possibility as well as the former, then what's the example s thesis, point of education?) The argument has here been stated in the context of the population problem, but it applies equally well to any instance in which society appeals to thinking introduction an individual exploiting a commons to restrain himself for the general good -- by means of help research paper his conscience. To make such an appeal is to set up a selective system that works toward the elimination of conscience from the race. Pathogenic Effects of Conscience. The long-term disadvantage of an appeal to conscience should be enough to condemn it; but it has serious short-term disadvantages as well. If we ask a man who is exploiting a commons to desist in the name of conscience, what are we saying to him? What does he hear? -- not only at the moment but also in the wee small hours of the night when, half asleep, he remembers not merely the words we used but also the critical thinking introduction, nonverbal communication cues we gave him unawares? Sooner or later, consciously or subconsciously, he senses that he has received two communications, and that they are contradictory: 1. (intended communication) If you don't do as we ask, we will openly condemn you for not acting like a responsible citizen; 2. (the unintended communication) If you do behave as we ask, we will secretly condemn you for a simpleton who can be shamed into standing aside while the rest of us exploit the good belonging, commons.
Every man then is caught in what Bateson has called a double bind. Bateson and his co-workers have made a plausible case for critical, viewing the double bind as an important causative factor in the genesis of schizophrenia.  The double bind may not always be so damaging, but it always endangers the mental health of microsoftword anyone to whom it is applied. A bad conscience, said Nietzsche, is a kind of illness. To conjure up a conscience in others is tempting to anyone who wishes to extend his control beyond the thinking to animals, legal limits. Leaders at the highest level succumb to task software this temptation. Has any president during the past generation failed to call on labor unions to moderate voluntarily their demands for higher wages, or to steel companies to honor voluntary guidelines on prices?
I can recall none. The rhetoric used on thinking, such occasions is designed to produce feelings of guilt in help me to do my research paper, noncooperators. For centuries it was assumed without proof that guilt was a valuable, perhaps even an indispensable, ingredient of the civilized life. To Animals! Now, in this post-Freudian world, we doubt it. Paul Goodman speaks from the modern point of view when he says: No good has ever come from feeling guilty, neither intelligence, policy, nor compassion. The guilty do not pay attention to the object but only to themselves, and task software not even to their own interests, which might make sense, but to their anxieties.''  One does not have to be a professional psychiatrist to see the consequences of thinking introduction to animals anxiety. We in the Western world are just emerging from essay a dreadful two centuries-long Dark Ages of Eros that was sustained partly by prohibition laws, but perhaps more effectively by the anxiety-generating mechanisms of education.
Alex Comfort has told the story well in The Anxiety Makers;  it is not a pretty one. Since proof is critical thinking to animals, difficult, we may even concede that the results of anxiety may sometimes, from certain points of view, be desirable. The larger question we should ask is whether, as a matter of policy, we should ever encourage the use of a technique the tendency (if not the intention) of which is psychologically pathogenic. We hear much talk these days of responsible parenthood; the coupled words are incorporated into the titles of some organizations devoted to birth control. Of Psychology S Thesis! Some people have proposed massive propaganda campaigns to instill responsibility into the nation's (or the world's) breeders.
But what is the meaning of the word conscience? When we use the word responsibility in the absence of substantial sanctions are we not trying to browbeat a free man in a commons into thinking introduction, acting against his own interest? Responsibility is a verbal counterfeit for a substantial quid pro quo. It is an attempt to help do my get something for nothing. If the word responsibility is to be used at all, I suggest that it be in the sense Charles Frankel uses it.  Responsibility, says this philosopher, is the critical to animals, product of definite social arrangements. Notice that Frankel calls for social arrangements -- not propaganda. Mutual Coercion Mutually Agreed Upon.
The social arrangements that produce responsibility are arrangements that create coercion, of introduction belonging essay some sort. Consider bank robbing. The man who takes money from a bank acts as if the bank were a commons. How do we prevent such action? Certainly not by trying to control his behavior solely by a verbal appeal to his sense of responsibility. Rather than rely on propaganda we follow Frankel's lead and insist that a bank is not a commons; we seek the thinking introduction to animals, definite social arrangements that will keep it from help me to do my paper becoming a commons. Introduction To Animals! That we thereby infringe on the freedom of would-be robbers we neither deny nor regret. The morality of bank robbing is particularly easy to understand because we accept complete prohibition of of psychology master this activity. We are willing to say Thou shalt not rob banks, without providing for exceptions. But temperance also can be created by coercion.
Taxing is a good coercive device. To keep downtown shoppers temperate in introduction, their use of parking space we introduce parking meters for williams, short periods, and traffic fines for longer ones. Critical! We need not actually forbid a citizen to do my paper park as long as he wants to; we need merely make it increasingly expensive for thinking, him to do so. Not prohibition, but carefully biased options are what we offer him. A Madison Avenue man might call this persuasion; I prefer the greater candor of the word coercion.
Coercion is a dirty word to most liberals now, but it need not forever be so. As with the four-letter words, its dirtiness can be cleansed away by exposure to the light, by saying it over and over without apology or embarrassment. To many, the word coercion implies arbitrary decisions of distant and microsoftword irresponsible bureaucrats; but this is not a necessary part of its meaning. The only kind of coercion I recommend is mutual coercion, mutually agreed upon by the majority of the people affected. To say that we mutually agree to thinking introduction coercion is not to say that we are required to enjoy it, or even to pretend we enjoy it. Who enjoys taxes? We all grumble about them. But we accept compulsory taxes because we recognize that voluntary taxes would favor the conscienceless. We institute and (grumblingly) support taxes and other coercive devices to escape the horror of the commons. An alternative to of psychology master s thesis the commons need not be perfectly just to critical be preferable.
With real estate and other material goods, the alternative we have chosen is the institution of private property coupled with legal inheritance. Is this system perfectly just? As a genetically trained biologist I deny that it is. It seems to master s thesis me that, if there are to be differences in individual inheritance, legal possession should be perfectly correlated with biological inheritance-that those who are biologically more fit to be the custodians of property and power should legally inherit more. But genetic recombination continually makes a mockery of the doctrine of like father, like son implicit in thinking introduction, our laws of and contrast legal inheritance. An idiot can inherit millions, and a trust fund can keep his estate intact. We must admit that our legal system of private property plus inheritance is unjust -- but we put up with it because we are not convinced, at the moment, that anyone has invented a better system.
The alternative of the commons is too horrifying to contemplate. Injustice is critical introduction to animals, preferable to total ruin. It is help research paper, one of the critical, peculiarities of the warfare between reform and the status quo that it is thoughtlessly governed by doc compare and contrast essay, a double standard. Whenever a reform measure is proposed it is often defeated when its opponents triumphantly discover a flaw in thinking introduction, it. Help Me To Research! As Kingsley Davis has pointed out,  worshipers of the status quo sometimes imply that no reform is possible without unanimous agreement, an thinking to animals, implication contrary to historical fact. As nearly as I can make out, automatic rejection of microsoftword resume proposed reforms is critical thinking introduction, based on one of two unconscious assumptions: (1) that the resume, status quo is perfect; or (2) that the choice we face is critical thinking introduction to animals, between reform and no action; if the proposed reform is imperfect, we presumably should take no action at williams essays all, while we wait for critical introduction, a perfect proposal. But we can never do nothing. That which we have done for thousands of years is also action. It also produces evils. Once we are aware that the status quo is task software, action, we can then compare its discoverable advantages and disadvantages with the predicted advantages and critical introduction disadvantages of the proposed reform, discounting as best we can for our lack of experience.
On the basis of such a comparison, we can make a rational decision which will not involve the unworkable assumption that only good introduction belonging, perfect systems are tolerable. Recognition of Necessity. Perhaps the simplest summary of critical thinking to animals this analysis of man's population problems is this: the commons, if justifiable at all, is task software, justifiable only critical thinking introduction, under conditions of low-population density. As the human population has increased, the commons has had to be abandoned in one aspect after another. First we abandoned the commons in food gathering, enclosing farm land and restricting pastures and hunting and resume fishing areas. These restrictions are still not complete throughout the critical introduction to animals, world. Somewhat later we saw that the commons as a place for waste disposal would also have to be abandoned.
Restrictions on the disposal of domestic sewage are widely accepted in the Western world; we are still struggling to close the commons to pollution by automobiles, factories, insecticide sprayers, fertilizing operations, and atomic energy installations. In a still more embryonic state is our recognition of the evils of the good introduction, commons in matters of thinking introduction pleasure. Microsoftword Resume! There is almost no restriction on the propagation of sound waves in the public medium. The shopping public is assaulted with mindless music, without its consent. Thinking! Our government has paid out billions of microsoftword dollars to create a supersonic transport which would disturb 50,000 people for every one person whisked from coast to coast 3 hours faster. Advertisers muddy the airwaves of radio and television and pollute the view of travelers. Thinking Introduction To Animals! We are a long way from good introduction belonging essay outlawing the commons in matters of pleasure. Is this because our Puritan inheritance makes us view pleasure as something of a sin, and pain (that is, the thinking introduction to animals, pollution of of psychology advertising) as the sign of virtue? Every new enclosure of the commons involves the infringement of somebody's personal liberty. Infringements made in thinking introduction to animals, the distant past are accepted because no contemporary complains of a loss. It is the newly proposed infringements that we vigorously oppose; cries of rights and freedom fill the air.
But what does freedom mean? When men mutually agreed to pass laws against robbing, mankind became more free, not less so. Individuals locked into the logic of the belonging, commons are free only to bring on universal ruin; once they see the critical introduction, necessity of mutual coercion, they become free to pursue other goals. I believe it was Hegel who said, Freedom is the recognition of necessity. The most important aspect of necessity that we must now recognize, is the necessity of abandoning the commons in doc compare and contrast essay, breeding. No technical solution can rescue us from the misery of overpopulation.
Freedom to breed will bring ruin to all. At the moment, to avoid hard decisions many of us are tempted to propagandize for conscience and responsible parenthood. The temptation must be resisted, because an appeal to independently acting consciences selects for the disappearance of critical to animals all conscience in the long run, and an increase in anxiety in essays, the short. The only way we can preserve and nurture other and more precious freedoms is by relinquishing the freedom to introduction to animals breed, and that very soon. Freedom is the recognition of necessity -- and it is the role of resume education to reveal to all the necessity of to animals abandoning the freedom to breed. Only so, can we put an end to example of psychology master this aspect of the tragedy of the commons. 1. J. Thinking To Animals! B. Wiesner and H. F. York, Scientific American 211 (No. 4), 27 (1964). 2. G. Hardin, Journal of and contrast essay Heredity 50, 68 (1959), S. von Hoernor, Science 137, 18, (1962).
3. J. von Neumann and O. Morgenstern, Theory of introduction to animals Games and Economic Behavior (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1947), p. 11. 4. J. H. Fremlin, New Scientist, No. 415 (1964), p. 285. 5. A. Smith, The Wealth of Nations (Modern Library, New York, 1937), p. 423. 6. W. F. Lloyd, Two Lectures on the Checks to Population (Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1833). 7. A. N. Tennessee! Whitehead, Science and the Modern World (Mentor, New York, 1948), p. 17. 8. G. Hardin, Ed., Population, Evolution, and Birth Control (Freeman, San Francisco, 1964), p. 56. 9. S. McVay, Scientific American 216 (No. 8), 13 (1966). 10.
J. Fletcher, Situation Ethics (Westminster, Philadelphia, 1966). 11. D. Lack, The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers (Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1954). 12. H. Girvetz, From Wealth to Welfare (Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif, 1950). 13. G. Hardin, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6, 366 (1963). 14. U Thant, International Planned Parenthood News, No. 168 (February 1968), p. 3.
15. Critical Introduction! K. Davis, Science 158, 730 (1967). 16. Task Software! S. Tax, Ed., Evolution After Darwin (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1960), vol. 2, p. 469. 17. G. Introduction To Animals! Bateson, D. D. Jackson, J. Good Introduction Belonging! Haley, J. Weakland, Behavioral Science 1, 251 (1956). 18. P. Goodman, New York Review of Books 10 (8), 22 (23 May 1968). 19.
A. Comfort, The Anxiety Makers (Nelson, London, 1967). 20. C. Critical Thinking! Frankel, The Case for Modern Man (Harper Row, New York, 1955), p. 203. 21. J. D. Roslansky, Genetics and the Future of Man (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1966), p. Task Software! 177. THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMON REVISITED. by Beryl Crowe (1969) reprinted in MANAGING THE COMMONS. by Garrett Hardin and John Baden. W.H. Freeman, 1977; ISBN 0-7167-0476-5. There has developed in the contemporary natural sciences a recognition that there is a subset of problems, such as population, atomic war, and environmental corruption, for which there are no technical solutions.
There is also an thinking introduction, increasing recognition among contemporary social scientists that there is a subset of problems, such as population, atomic war, environmental corruption, and tennessee williams essays the recovery of introduction a livable urban environment, for which there are no current political solutions. The thesis of this article is that the help me to do my, common area shared by these two subsets contains most of the critical problems that threaten the very existence of contemporary man. [p. 53] ASSUMPTIONS NECESSARY TO AVOID THE TRAGEDY. In passing the technically insoluble problems over to the political and social realm for solution, Hardin made three critical assumptions: (1) that there exists, or can be developed, a 'criterion of thinking judgment and system of tennessee weighting . . .' that will 'render the incommensurables . . . commensurable . . . ' in real life; (2) that, possessing this criterion of judgment, 'coercion can be mutually agreed upon,' and critical introduction that the application of coercion to master effect a solution to problems will be effective in modern society; and. (3) that the administrative system, supported by the criterion of judgment and access to coercion, can and will protect the introduction to animals, commons from further desecration. [p. 55] ERODING MYTH OF THE COMMON VALUE SYSTEM. In America there existed, until very recently, a set of conditions which perhaps made the solution to Hardin's subset possible; we lived with the myth that we were 'one people, indivisible. Doc Compare! . . .' This myth postulated that we were the great 'melting pot' of the thinking, world wherein the diverse cultural ores of Europe were poured into the crucible of the frontier experience to produce a new alloy -- an introduction, American civilization. This new civilization was presumably united by a common value system that was democratic, equalitarian, and existing under universally enforceable rules contained in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
In the United States today, however, there is emerging a new set of behavior patterns which suggest that the introduction, myth is either dead or dying. Instead of believing and behaving in tennessee williams essays, accordance with the myth, large sectors of the thinking introduction to animals, population are developing life-styles and value hierarchies that give contemporary Americans an appearance more closely analogous to the particularistic, primitive forms of 'tribal' organizations in geographic proximity than to that shining new alloy, the American civilization. [p. 56] Looking at a more recent analysis of the paper, sickness of the core city, Wallace F. Thinking Introduction! Smith has argued that the productive model of the city is no longer viable for the purposes of economic analysis. Me To Research Paper! Instead, he develops a model of the city as a site for leisure consumption, and critical introduction then seems to suggest that the nature of this model is such is such that the task software, city cannot regain its health because the leisure demands are value-based and, hence do not admit to compromise and accommodation; consequently there is no way of deciding among these value- oriented demands that are being made on the core city. In looking for the cause of the erosion of the myth of a common value system, it seems to me that so long as our perceptions and knowledge of other groups were formed largely through the written media of communication, the American myth that we were a giant melting pot of equalitarians could be sustained. Critical Thinking! In such a perceptual field it is tenable, if not obvious, that men are motivated by interests.
Interests can always be compromised and accommodated without undermining our very being by sacrificing values. Under the impact of electronic media, however, this psychological distance has broken down and now we discover that these people with whom we could formerly compromise on interests are not, after all, really motivated by interests but by values. Their behavior in our very living room betrays a set of values, moreover, that are incompatible with our own, and consequently the compromises that we make are not those of contract but of culture. While the former are acceptable, any form of compromise on the latter is and contrast essay, not a form of critical introduction rational behavior but is rather a clear case of either apostasy or heresy. Thus we have arrived not at an age of accommodation but one of confrontation.
In such an age 'incommensurables' remain 'incommensurable' in real life. Doc Compare And Contrast! [p. 59]