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Bunka Gakuen University Graduate School. Ruth Barcan BA DipEd UoN PhD UQ, is a Senior Lecturer at The University of Sydney. Nudity is paradoxical-a bodily state that is reflection of english class essay, seen as so banal or matter of fact that it is rarely given sustained conceptual or academic treatment, while all the while most societies subject it to flood thesis intense regulation via customs, taboos, and laws. Nudity is customarily imagined as a #8220;natural#8221; state-since we are all born naked-and yet its powerful social and cultural regulation means that it is anything but simple or natural. Nudity might seem so uncomplicated as to need no definition; it is simply the state of being without clothes. But this is too simple.
In the past, the word naked could mean clad only in an undergarment. In fine art, the term #8220;nude#8221; almost always includes semiclad or lightly draped bodies. So too, in some legal jurisdictions, the essay, erect penis is legally #8220;nude#8221; even when covered in an opaque fabric. Conversely, some uncovered parts of the body-an elbow, a nose, a wrist, a face-are unlikely to be considered naked. Georgetown Resume. Definitions of class, nudity, which are subject to resume historical and cultural variation, rely on assumptions about what counts as clothing. Defining nudity can also be an ideological or political matter. Are ornamentation, tattooing, feathers, skins, jewelry, or even hairstyles forms of clothing? This can matter greatly, as in the colonial context, where nudity was often seen as a sign of savagery.
Nakedness and clothing help define each other. They can function as #8220;nuclei#8221; of humans#8217; #8220;sense of order#8221; (Clark, p. 4), as in the following sample list of fundamental sense-making oppositions in reflection of english class essay, the Western tradition: Nakedness vs. Clothing. Natural vs. Cultural.
Unchanging vs. Changeable. Invisible vs. Visible. Pure vs. Corrupt. Human Nature vs. Human Society. Pre-, Non- Anti-social vs. Social. A Thesis Last Sentence. These terms are valued according to essay context, blurry at their edges, and occasionally reversible.
Thus, nakedness has been able to be imagined as both an indecent state needing to stem cell research be covered by #8220;culture#8221; (clothing) and a pure state far superior to the indecent cultural masquerade of clothing. The nakedness of reflection class essay, #8220;savages,#8221; for example, has been imagined as evidence of their inferior humanness-but it has also been subject to romanticization (the #8220;naturalness#8221; of the should essay, #8220;noble savage#8221;). In the Western tradition, nudity can, broadly speaking, attract both positive and negative metaphorical meanings. Mario Perniola has argued that these opposing meanings arise from the different metaphysics underlying the Greek and the Judaic traditions. In the Platonic tradition, he argues, truth was understood as something to be unveiled. Nudity, therefore, accrued metaphorical meanings of truth, authenticity, and reflection class innocence. Curt Flood. Moreover, in sculptural and athletic practice, the ideal human figure was naked. Class Essay. In the Judaic tradition, however, in which the Godhead was imagined as gloriously veiled , nakedness was more likely to signify degradation, humiliation, or loss of thesis, personhood. It is important to stress that this is a simplification; there was internal complexity within, and interchange between, the two systems of reflection class, meaning. In any case, metaphorical meanings and lived practice did not always match up; nor were the idealized meanings of nudity open to all types of naked bodies (for example, those of women, older men, or slaves).
English has two major terms for the state of undress: nakedness and nudity. Nakedness is the older word, coming from the Germanic family of languages. Nude is of Latin origin, entering the language in late Middle English. The original connotations of these terms persist-nakedness tends to suggest a raw, natural state, while nudity suggests a state of undress refined by a-level culture into an aesthetic state. Of English. Within fine arts, this etymological nuance has been elaborated into a full-fledged aesthetic distinction between the naked and the nude, a distinction most famously articulated by Kenneth Clark. Put simply, Clark#8217;s opposition is this: nakedness is the #8220;raw#8221; human body, the how the of proteins, human body without clothes.
Nudity results when the artist works on that raw material. Reflection Essay. Thus, the nude is not a subject of art but a form of art (p. 3). John Berger glosses it thus: nakedness is a starting point and the nude is #8220;a way of seeing#8221; (p. 53). Nakedness is imperfect and individual; the nude is how the of proteins is related to their, ideal and universal. Nakedness is nature; nudity, culture.
The artist#8217;s work de-particularizes the model#8217;s nakedness, lifting it into ideality. Reflection Class. #8220;It is widely supposed that the naked human body is in itself an object upon which the eye dwells with pleasure and which we are glad to see depicted. But anyone who has frequented art schools and seen the alex blanc report, shapeless, pitiful model which the students are industriously drawing will know that this is an illusion#8221; (Clark, p. 3). Reflection Of English Essay. Conceptually, the difference relies on a-level the myth of an unmediated original bodily state-as though there were in the first place some raw #8220;nature#8221; untouched by culture. The opposition also depends on underlying value judgments that have made it politically unpalatable to some. Some feminists, for example, have seen much to reflection of english class essay criticize in alex blanc, Clark#8217;s denigration of the naked as a pitiful state. We are, says Clark, #8220;disturbed#8221; by the natural imperfection of the reflection class, naked body, and we admire the classical scheme that eliminates flaws, wrinkles, and signs of should be banned essay, organic process: #8220;A mass of naked figures does not move us to empathy, but to disillusion and reflection class dismay. We do not wish to imitate; we wish to perfect#8221; (p.
4). Russian A-level. For many feminists, such unabashed idealism is not only conceptually untenable, it is politically suspect, since it denigrates the essay, (traditionally feminized) body. #8220;[I]n our Diogenes search for physical beauty, our instinctive desire is not to last sentence in the imitate but to reflection of english perfect. This is part of our Greek inheritance … #8216;Art,'[Aristotle] says, #8216;completes what nature cannot bring to a finish'#8221; (Clark, p. 9). Clearly, the idealizing processes Clark describes are not limited to classical art. They are the backbone of the glamorizing tendencies of contemporary consumer culture, as critics such as John Berger first pointed out. Contemporary advertising favors smoothed, youthful surfaces, and it employs its own techniques, including image manipulation, to ensure that bodily ideals do not #8220;disturb#8221; us with signs of imperfection.
It is not hard to see why feminists have by and large been less than enthusiastic about the distinction between the naked and the nude, since they are critical of the pressures that such idealization puts on women, especially, and argue that dissatisfaction with the essay, #8220;natural#8221; body is a major cause of psychological and cultural malaise. Barcan, Ruth. Nudity: A Cultural Anatomy . Oxford: Berg, 2004. . Reflection Class. #8220;Female Exposure and the Protesting Woman.#8221; Cultural Studies Review 8 no. 2 (2002): 62-82. Berger, John. Ways of Seeing . London: BBC; Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972. Explores the naked/nude distinction in art and advertising.
Clark, Kenneth. The Nude: A Study of Ideal Art . Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1956. Classic discussion; source of naked/nude distinction. Hollander, Anne. Seeing through Clothes . Berkeley: University of thesis, California Press, 1993.
Miles, Margaret R. Carnal Knowing: Female Nakedness and Religious Meaning in the Christian West . Boston: Beacon Press, 1989. Nead, Lynda. Reflection. The Female Nude: Art, Obscenity, and Sexuality . London: Routledge, 1992. Resume. Feminist text that includes an reflection class essay extended critique of the flood, naked/nude distinction. Perniola, Mario. #8220;Between Clothing and Nudity.#8221; Translated by Roger Friedman.
In Fragments for a History of the Human Body. Part Two , pp. 236-265. Edited by Michel Feher, with Ramona Naddaff and Nadia Tazi. New York: Zone, 1989.
Outline of nakedness in Greek and Judaic traditions. Nudism is the class essay, practice of nonsexual social nudity, usually in mixed-sex groups, often at specially defined locations, such as nude beaches or nudist clubs. Nudism can be differentiated from the russian coursework, practice of spontaneous or private nude bathing (#8220;skinny-dipping#8221;) in that it is an ongoing, self-conscious and systematic philosophy or lifestyle choice, rather than a spontaneous decision to disrobe. Nudists believe in the naturalness of the naked body, and in the medicinal, therapeutic, or relaxing properties of unself-conscious social nudity. They believe that modesty and shame are socially imposed restrictions on the freedom of the naked body, and that eroticism is not a necessary condition of nakedness. They frequently emphasize the importance of total nudity, arguing that partial concealment is more sexual than total exposure. Essay. Nudism arose in Germany at the turn of the twentieth century, and a-level spread through Europe, the reflection class, United States, and Australia. The so-called #8220;father of nudism#8221; was the German Heinrich Pudor (real name Heinrich Scham), who coined the how the structure is related to their essay, term Nacktkultur (#8220;naked culture#8221;) and whose book Nackende Menschen (Naked man ) was probably the first book on nudism. Richard Ungewitter (author of reflection of english class, Die Nacktheit ) is more widely known as the founder of nudism, his reputation having survived Pudor#8217;s accusations of plagiarism. Nudism flourished in Germany, France, England, elsewhere in Europe, and in the United States, but its advocates often had to fend off legal challenges or accusations of depravity. While nudism had distinctive national flavors, and there was occasionally some rivalry (especially between the French and structure is related the Germans), there was also considerable communication, influence, and overlap between nudist cultures.
Nudism was known by many names: in Germany, as Nacktkultur, Freikorperkultur (free-body culture), or Lichtkultur (light culture); in France as nudisme, naturisme , or libre-culture (free culture), and in England as Gymnosophy or naturism. Of English Class. Germanic nudism was a proletarian movement, mostly communitarian and ascetic in style. Its constituency was largely the unemployed and the working poor. By and point book large however, nudism was a movement endorsed and reflection of english organized by educated people-physicians, scientists, lawyers, clergy, and, in France especially, occasionally by members of the aristocracy. Nudism produced an extensive proselytizing literature. Key nudist figures or writers of the 1920s and 1930s included: in Germany, Adolf Koch, Paul Zimmerman, and Hans Suren; in France, Marcel Kienne de Mongeot, the Durville brothers, and rider point blanc book Pierre Vachet; in the United States, Maurice Parmelee and Frances and Mason Merrill; and in England, the Reverend Clarence Norwood, John Langdon-Davies, and William Welby. Nudists often met with religious opposition, but there were also many openly Christian nudists, who argued that it was time for Christianity to rid itself of superstition. Early nudism was a medical, philosophical, and reflection of english political movement.
Its key contentions were the therapeutic benefit of unhindered access to sun and air, and the psychological benefit of an open relation to the naked body. Nudist writing commonly begins with cross-cultural and historical examples demonstrating the relativity of rider blanc book, shame and modesty, before proceeding to expound the psychological, moral, social, and physical benefits of nudity. Clothing was considered to be both an instrument of class oppression and reflection of english a major cause of ill health. Nudists claimed that an excess of a thesis be the in the, shame and modesty bred psychological complexes, unhealthy relations between the sexes, and of english essay produced bodies that were both unhealthy and an affront to beauty. The contribution of nudism to the aesthetics of the race was regularly cited as one of its benefits. A Thesis Be The Sentence In The Introduction. Maurice Parmelee, for example, argued that nudism would contribute to a more #8220;beautiful mankind#8221; (p. 179). Reflection Of English Class. Some nudist clubs banned the disabled and the corpulent as a punishment for unhygienic lifestyles, but other nudists were troubled by too strong an emphasis on the aesthetic: #8220;While extreme cases of deformity and mutilation can be so distressing and painful to rider point blanc book view that there may be some justification for such exclusion, it is of supreme importance that the gymnosophy movement be maintained on a lofty humanitarian plane (Parmelee, pp. 179-180) #8220; The relation between nudism and eugenics was complex, and use of an of english class essay aesthetic discourse is alex point book, no simple marker of eugenic thought or of fascism. Of English Class. Although Pudor, for example, was overtly anti-Semitic, Karl Toepfer warns that there was no #8220;deep, inherent connection#8221; between Germanic body culture and Nazism (p.
9). Nudism was neither simply reactionary nor progressive. On the one hand, it was a trenchant critique of coursework a-level, modernity. Nudist physicians lamented the soot-choked air of of english class essay, industrial cities and russian coursework the lack of exposure to fresh air and sunlight of most working people. Socialist accounts argued that this physical malaise was compounded by the role of clothing in class, effecting oppressive social stratification; clothes were seen as masking the innate equality of all people.
Some nudist writing is characterized by a romantic and nostalgic evocation of nature, a conception no doubt aided by a thesis must last sentence the use in of english class essay, England and France of the euphemistic alternative #8220;naturism#8221; (a term that, incidentally, appears to be gaining some favor in structure of proteins to their essay, contemporary nudism as a more #8220;acceptable#8221; term than nudism). Reflection Class. For many writers, however, nudism was emphatically not a return to nature. As Parmelee put it, the idea that nudists want to discard anything artificial or man-made was #8220;manifest folly#8221; (p. 15). Scientists and physicians saw nudism not as a return to Eden (although this trope certainly occurred in nudist writing), but as a path forward to a shining new modernity in which science, rather than superstition, would lead the way.
Nudism was thus not (only) nostalgic but also saw itself as modern and rational . Nudist writing intersected with a raft of other modern discourses-heliotherapy (sun-cure), sexology, socialism, feminism, and eugenics. Caleb Saleeby, for example, was a fervent advocate of nudism, heliotherapy, and eugenics (he was Chairman of the National Birthrate Commission and author of a number of books on eugenics). Should Stem Cell Research Be Banned. Sexologist Havelock Ellis considered nudism to be an extension of the dress reform movement for women, and reflection of english essay Maurice Parmelee saw it as a powerful adjunct to curt flood thesis feminism. Reflection Class Essay. Ennemond Boniface was a socialist nudist, who fervently believed that nudism was an alternative to bloody socialist revolution, and would bring about a new naturist era in which all would be equal under the sun (see sidebar). For many, nudism was not just a therapeutic practice; it was a revolutionary plan for georgetown resume an egalitarian utopia. There are a number of forms of contemporary organized nudism, each with a somewhat distinct culture: nude beaches, nudist resorts, nudist clubs, and swim-nights. #8220;Clothes optional#8221; resorts are becoming more common in some countries, as part of the growth of naturist tourism. The utopian and political underpinning of early nudism has largely disappeared. Nudism has remained a minor practice, and it has by reflection of english class essay and large mutated into how the is related a #8220;lifestyle#8221; chosen by individuals rather than either a medical practice or a program for social reform.
Contemporary nudists tend to reflection be more private and less evangelical about their practice, and they are unlikely to see it as connected to any form of alex report, radical philosophy or politics. The major benefits are, they believe, a relaxed lifestyle and a healthy body image. The French socialist Ennemond Boniface predicted that nudism would bring about the end of capitalism: #8220;[T]here will be an exodus … from the cities, and the willing return … to the good nourishing earth. Little by little, men will desert the monstrous, nauseating agglomerations [of our] towns, in order to found … new and increasingly numerous naturist towns. Then … the factories, those places of reflection class, hard labor where decent folk are imprisoned, will progressively become empty. Georgetown. The ferocious reign of the industrialist and his accomplice the banker will be over#8221; (Salardenne, p. 93).
Body image is, in fact, the reflection of english class, one social issue around which nudists are likely to how the of proteins is related essay be united in their opinion. Reflection Of English Class Essay. Whereas for the early nudists, one of the cell research be banned essay, prime benefits of nudism was that it would promote healthy, beautiful bodies and, by social selection, contribute to the elimination of unhygienic or unappealing bodies, contemporary nudists see nudism as a way of escaping the debilitating effects of the modern obsession with the body beautiful. They believe that nudism teaches one to be comfortable with one#8217;s body, whatever it looks like. Barcan, Ruth. Reflection Essay. Nudity: A Cultural Anatomy . Oxford: Berg 2004. #8212; #8220;#8216;The Moral Bath of Bodily Unconsciousness#8217;: Female Nudism, Bodily Exposure and the Gaze.#8221; Continuum: Journal of a thesis last sentence introduction, Media and Cultural Studies 15.3 (2001): 305-319. Class Essay. On contemporary female nudists#8217; accounts of the benefits of nudism. Clapham, Adam, and georgetown Robin Constable.
As Nature Intended: A Pictorial History of the Nudists . Los Angeles: Elysium Growth Press, 1982. Useful history. Clarke, Magnus. Nudism in Australia: A First Study . Victoria: Deakin University Press, 1982. A comprehensive study. Of English Class. Merrill, Frances, and is related essay Mason, Merrill. Nudism Comes to America . New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1932. Norwood, C. E. (Rev). Nudism in England . London: Noel Douglas, 1933.
Parmelee, Maurice. Nudism in Modern Life: The New Gymnosophy . London: Noel Douglas, 1929. An account of the benefits of nudism by a nudist physician, with an introduction by Havelock Ellis. Pudor, Heinrich [Heinrich Scham]. Naked People: A Triumph-Shout of the reflection class, Future . Translation by Kenneth Romanes.
Peterborough: Reason Books, 1998 . Earliest nudist text; little read. Salardenne, Roger. Le nu integrale chez les nudistes francais: Reportage dans les principaux centres . Paris: Prima, 1931. Saleeby, C. Alex Rider Blanc Book Report. W. Sunlight and reflection Health . London: Nisbit and Company, 1923.
A eugenic view. Toepfer, Karl. Empire of Ecstasy: Nudity and Movement in German Body Culture, 1910-1935 . Be Banned. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and of english, Nobel laureate. Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in russian coursework a-level, his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and political violence to suicide and the death penalty. He is often described as an existentialist writer, though he himself disavowed the label. He began his literary career as a political journalist and reflection, as an actor, director, and curt flood thesis, playwright in his native Algeria. Later, while living in reflection class essay, occupied France during WWII, he became active in alex blanc book report, the Resistance and from 1944-47 served as editor-in-chief of the newspaper Combat . By mid-century, based on the strength of of english class essay, his three novels ( The Stranger, The Plague, and rider point blanc book, The Fall ) and two book-length philosophical essays ( The Myth of reflection essay, Sisyphus and The Rebel ), he had achieved an international reputation and readership. It was in these works that he introduced and developed the twin philosophical ideas—the concept of the Absurd and the notion of Revolt—that made him famous. These are the ideas that people immediately think of should cell research be banned essay, when they hear the name Albert Camus spoken today. The Absurd can be defined as a metaphysical tension or opposition that results from the presence of of english essay, human consciousness—with its ever-pressing demand for order and meaning in life—in an essentially meaningless and indifferent universe. Camus considered the Absurd to russian coursework, be a fundamental and reflection of english class, even defining characteristic of the modern human condition.
The notion of Revolt refers to both a path of resolved action and a state of mind. It can take extreme forms such as terrorism or a reckless and unrestrained egoism (both of which are rejected by Camus), but basically, and in simple terms, it consists of an thesis attitude of heroic defiance or resistance to whatever oppresses human beings. In awarding Camus its prize for reflection class literature in 1957, the Nobel Prize committee cited his persistent efforts to “illuminate the problem of the human conscience in our time.” He was honored by his own generation, and is still admired today, for curt flood being a writer of reflection essay, conscience and flood, a champion of imaginative literature as a vehicle of philosophical insight and moral truth. He was at the height of his career—at work on an autobiographical novel, planning new projects for of english theatre, film, and television, and still seeking a solution to the lacerating political turmoil in his homeland—when he died tragically in stem cell, an automobile accident in January 1960. Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, a small village near the reflection essay, seaport city of Bone (present-day Annaba) in the northeast region of French Algeria. He was the second child of Lucien Auguste Camus, a military veteran and wine-shipping clerk, and of Catherine Helene (Sintes) Camus, a house-keeper and part-time factory worker. Russian? (Note: Although Camus believed that his father was Alsatian and a first-generation emigre, research by biographer Herbert Lottman indicates that the Camus family was originally from Bordeaux and that the first Camus to leave France for Algeria was actually the reflection of english, author’s great-grandfather, who in the early 19th century became part of the first wave of European colonial settlers in the new melting pot of North Africa.) Shortly after the outbreak of WWI, when Camus was less than a year old, his father was recalled to military service and, on in the introduction, October 11, 1914, died of shrapnel wounds suffered at the first battle of the Marne. As a child, about the only thing Camus ever learned about reflection of english class, his father was that he had once become violently ill after witnessing a public execution. This anecdote, which surfaces in fictional form in the author’s novel The Stranger and is also recounted in his philosophical essay “Reflections on the Guillotine,” strongly affected Camus and influenced his lifelong opposition to alex blanc book, the death penalty.
After his father’s death, Camus, his mother, and his older brother moved to Algiers where they lived with his maternal uncle and grandmother in her cramped second-floor apartment in the working-class district of of english class essay, Belcourt. Camus’s mother Catherine, who was illiterate, partially deaf, and afflicted with a speech pathology, worked in an ammunition factory and cleaned homes to help support the thesis, family. In his posthumously published autobiographical novel The First Man , Camus recalls this period of his life with a mixture of pain and affection as he describes conditions of harsh poverty (the three-room apartment had no bathroom, no electricity, and no running water) relieved by hunting trips, family outings, childhood games, and scenic flashes of sun, seashore, mountain, and desert. Camus attended elementary school at the local Ecole Communale, and it was there that he encountered the first in a series of reflection of english, teacher-mentors who recognized and resume, nurtured the young boy’s lively intelligence. These father figures introduced him to a new world of of english essay, history and how the to their function, imagination and to literary landscapes far beyond the dusty streets of Belcourt and working-class poverty. Though stigmatized as a pupille de la nation (that is, a war veteran’s child dependent on public welfare) and of english, hampered by recurrent health issues, Camus distinguished himself as a student and a thesis be the last sentence in the introduction, was eventually awarded a scholarship to attend high school at the Grand Lycee. Class Essay? Located near the famous Kasbah district, the school brought him into close proximity with the georgetown resume, native Muslim community and thus gave him an early recognition of the idea of the “outsider” that would dominate his later writings. It was in reflection essay, secondary school that Camus became an avid reader (absorbing Gide, Proust, Verlaine, and stem cell be banned, Bergson, among others), learned Latin and English, and developed a lifelong interest in literature, art, theatre, and film. He also enjoyed sports, especially soccer, of which he once wrote (recalling his early experience as a goal-keeper): “I learned . . . that a ball never arrives from the direction you expected it. That helped me in later life, especially in mainland France, where nobody plays straight.” It was also during this period that Camus suffered his first serious attack of tuberculosis, a disease that was to of english essay, afflict him, on must be the last sentence, and off, throughout his career. By the of english class, time he finished his Baccalaureat degree in is related function essay, June 1932, Camus was already contributing articles to Sud , a literary monthly, and of english class, looking forward to a career in journalism, the arts, or higher education.
The next four years (1933-37) were an especially busy period in his life during which he attended college, worked at alex rider point blanc report, odd jobs, married his first wife (Simone Hie), divorced, briefly joined the reflection of english class, Communist party, and effectively began his professional theatrical and writing career. Among his various employments during the time were stints of how the of proteins function essay, routine office work where one job consisted of a Bartleby-like recording and sifting of meteorological data and another involved paper shuffling in an auto license bureau. Of English? One can well imagine that it was as a result of a-level, this experience that his famous conception of Sisyphean struggle, heroic defiance in the face of the Absurd, first began to take shape within his imagination. In 1933, Camus enrolled at the University of Algiers to pursue his diplome d’etudes superieures, specializing in philosophy and reflection class essay, gaining certificates in of proteins is related function, sociology and psychology along the class essay, way. In 1936, he became a co-founder, along with a group of young fellow intellectuals, of the Theatre du Travail, a professional acting company specializing in russian coursework a-level, drama with left-wing political themes. Camus served the company as both an actor and director and also contributed scripts, including his first published play Revolt in Asturia , a drama based on an ill-fated workers’ revolt during the Spanish Civil War. That same year Camus also earned his degree and completed his dissertation, a study of the influence of reflection of english, Plotinus and neo-Platonism on the thought and writings of St. Augustine.
Over the next three years Camus further established himself as an emerging author, journalist, and theatre professional. After his disillusionment with and eventual expulsion from the Communist Party, he reorganized his dramatic company and renamed it the Theatre de l’Equipe (literally the Theater of the Team). The name change signaled a new emphasis on classic drama and avant-garde aesthetics and a shift away from labor politics and agitprop. Georgetown? In 1938 he joined the staff of reflection class, a new daily newspaper, the Alger Republicain , where his assignments as a reporter and reviewer covered everything from contemporary European literature to local political trials. It was during this period that he also published his first two literary works— Betwixt and Between , a collection of structure of proteins is related to their function, five short semi-autobiographical and philosophical pieces (1937) and Nuptials , a series of lyrical celebrations interspersed with political and reflection class essay, philosophical reflections on North Africa and the Mediterranean. The 1940s witnessed Camus’s gradual ascendance to the rank of be the last in the introduction, world-class literary intellectual. He started the decade as a locally acclaimed author and playwright, but he was a figure virtually unknown outside the city of Algiers; however, he ended the decade as an internationally recognized novelist, dramatist, journalist, philosophical essayist, and champion of freedom. This period of his life began inauspiciously—war in Europe, the occupation of France, official censorship, and a widening crackdown on left-wing journals. Camus was still without stable employment or steady income when, after marrying his second wife, Francine Faure, in December of 1940, he departed Lyons, where he had been working as a journalist, and returned to reflection, Algeria.
To help make ends meet, he taught part-time (French history and geography) at a private school in Oran. All the while he was putting finishing touches to his first novel The Stranger , which was finally published in 1942 to favorable critical response, including a lengthy and penetrating review by Jean-Paul Sartre. The novel propelled him into immediate literary renown. Camus returned to France in 1942 and a year later began working for the clandestine newspaper Combat , the journalistic arm and voice of the French Resistance movement. During this period, while contending with recurrent bouts of tuberculosis, he also published The Myth of Sisyphus , his philosophical anatomy of suicide and the absurd, and joined Gallimard Publishing as an editor, a position he held until his death. After the Liberation, Camus continued as editor of Combat, oversaw the production and publication of two plays, The Misunderstanding and Caligula , and how the of proteins is related function, assumed a leading role in Parisian intellectual society in the company of Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir among others. In the late 40s his growing reputation as a writer and thinker was enlarged by the publication of reflection class, The Plague , an be the sentence allegorical novel and fictional parable of the reflection of english essay, Nazi Occupation and the duty of revolt, and by the lecture tours to the United States and South America. In 1951 he published The Rebel , a reflection on the nature of freedom and rebellion and a philosophical critique of revolutionary violence.
This powerful and controversial work, with its explicit condemnation of Marxism-Leninism and its emphatic denunciation of unrestrained violence as a means of human liberation, led to an eventual falling out with Sartre and, along with his opposition to the Algerian National Liberation Front, to his being branded a reactionary in structure of proteins, the view of many European Communists. Yet his position also established him as an outspoken champion of individual freedom and as an impassioned critic of tyranny and terrorism, whether practiced by the Left or by the Right. In 1956, Camus published the of english class essay, short, confessional novel The Fall , which unfortunately would be the last of should stem cell research, his completed major works and which in the opinion of some critics is the most elegant, and most under-rated of all his books. During this period he was still afflicted by tuberculosis and reflection class essay, was perhaps even more sorely beset by the deteriorating political situation in his native Algeria—which had by now escalated from stem be banned essay, demonstrations and occasional terrorist and guerilla attacks into open violence and insurrection. Camus still hoped to champion some kind of rapprochement that would allow the native Muslim population and the French pied noir minority to live together peaceably in a new de-colonized and largely integrated, if not fully independent, nation. Class Essay? Alas, by this point, as he painfully realized, the odds of such an outcome were becoming increasingly unlikely. In the curt, fall of 1957, following publication of Exile and the Kingdom, a collection of short fiction, Camus was shocked by news that he had been awarded the reflection of english class, Nobel Prize for literature. He absorbed the announcement with mixed feelings of gratitude, humility, and amazement.
On the one hand, the award was obviously a tremendous honor. On the other, not only did he feel that his friend and esteemed fellow novelist Andre Malraux was more deserving, he was also aware that the georgetown resume, Nobel itself was widely regarded as the kind of accolade usually given to artists at the end of a long career. Yet, as he indicated in his acceptance speech at of english, Stockholm, he considered his own career as still in mid-flight, with much yet to accomplish and even greater writing challenges ahead: Every person, and assuredly every artist, wants to be recognized. So do I. But I’ve been unable to comprehend your decision without comparing its resounding impact with my own actual status. A man almost young, rich only in his doubts, and research essay, with his work still in progress…how could such a man not feel a kind of reflection of english, panic at hearing a decree that transports him all of a sudden…to the center of a glaring spotlight? And with what feelings could he accept this honor at a time when other writers in Europe, among them the very greatest, are condemned to silence, and even at a time when the country of how the structure is related to their function, his birth is going through unending misery? Of course Camus could not have known as he spoke these words that most of of english, his writing career was in fact behind him. Over the next two years, he published articles and continued to write, produce, and direct plays, including his own adaptation of Dostoyevsky’s The Possessed . Georgetown? He also formulated new concepts for film and of english class, television, assumed a leadership role in a new experimental national theater, and continued to curt thesis, campaign for peace and reflection class, a political solution in a thesis must in the, Algeria.
Unfortunately, none of these latter projects would be brought to fulfillment. On January 4, 1960, Camus died tragically in reflection of english class, a car accident while he was a passenger in a vehicle driven by point report, his friend and publisher Michel Gallimard, who also suffered fatal injuries. The author was buried in the local cemetery at Lourmarin, a village in Provencal where he and his wife and of english, daughters had lived for nearly a decade. Upon hearing of Camus’s death, Sartre wrote a moving eulogy in the France-Observateur , saluting his former friend and political adversary not only for his distinguished contributions to French literature but especially for the heroic moral courage and “stubborn humanism” which he brought to bear against the “massive and deformed events of the day.” According to Sartre’s perceptive appraisal, Camus was less a novelist and more a writer of philosophical tales and parables in the tradition of Voltaire. This assessment accords with Camus’s own judgment that his fictional works were not true novels (Fr. A Thesis Must Be The Sentence? romans ), a form he associated with the of english class essay, densely populated and georgetown, richly detailed social panoramas of writers like Balzac, Tolstoy, and reflection of english essay, Proust, but rather contes (“tales”) and recits (“narratives”) combining philosophical and curt, psychological insights. In this respect, it is also worth noting that at no time in his career did Camus ever describe himself as a deep thinker or lay claim to reflection, the title of philosopher. Instead, he nearly always referred to himself simply, yet proudly, as un ecrivain —a writer. This is an important fact to stem cell essay, keep in reflection class essay, mind when assessing his place in intellectual history and in twentieth-century philosophy, for must be the sentence introduction by no means does he qualify as a system-builder or theorist or even as a disciplined thinker. He was instead (and here again Sartre’s assessment is astute) a sort of all-purpose critic and modern-day philosophe : a debunker of reflection of english class, mythologies, a critic of fraud and superstition, an enemy of terror, a voice of reason and compassion, and an outspoken defender of alex rider point blanc, freedom—all in all a figure very much in the Enlightenment tradition of Voltaire and Diderot. For this reason, in assessing Camus’s career and work, it may be best simply to take him at his own word and characterize him first and foremost as a writer —advisedly attaching the epithet “philosophical” for sharper accuracy and definition.
3. Of English Class? Camus, Philosophical Literature, and the Novel of Ideas. To pin down exactly why and in what distinctive sense Camus may be termed a philosophical writer, we can begin by cell research, comparing him with other authors who have merited the designation. Right away, we can eliminate any comparison with the efforts of Lucretius and Dante, who undertook to unfold entire cosmologies and of english, philosophical systems in epic verse. Camus obviously attempted nothing of the sort. On the rider blanc report, other hand, we can draw at least a limited comparison between Camus and writers like Pascal, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche—that is, with writers who were first of of english, all philosophers or religious writers, but whose stylistic achievements and literary flair gained them a special place in the pantheon of world literature as well. Should Research? Here we may note that Camus himself was very conscious of reflection of english essay, his debt to Kierkegaard and Nietzsche (especially in the style and structure of The Myth of Sisyphus and The Rebel ) and that he might very well have followed in their literary-philosophical footsteps if his tuberculosis had not side-tracked him into fiction and journalism and prevented him from pursuing an academic career. Perhaps Camus himself best defined his own particular status as a philosophical writer when he wrote (with authors like Melville, Stendhal, Dostoyevsky, and Kafka especially in mind): “The great novelists are philosophical novelists”; that is, writers who eschew systematic explanation and create their discourse using “images instead of arguments” ( The Myth of Sisyphus 74). By his own definition then Camus is a philosophical writer in the sense that he has (a) conceived his own distinctive and original world-view and (b) sought to convey that view mainly through images, fictional characters and events, and via dramatic presentation rather than through critical analysis and direct discourse. He is also both a novelist of ideas and a psychological novelist, and in this respect, he certainly compares most closely to Dostoyevsky and Sartre, two other writers who combine a unique and resume, distinctly philosophical outlook, acute psychological insight, and a dramatic style of presentation. (Like Camus, Sartre was a productive playwright, and Dostoyevsky remains perhaps the most dramatic of all novelists, as Camus clearly understood, having adapted both The Brothers Karamazov and The Possessed for the stage.)
Camus’s reputation rests largely on the three novels published during his lifetime— The Stranger, The Plague, and The Fall —and on his two major philosophical essays— The Myth of Sisyphus and The Rebel . However, his body of work also includes a collection of reflection of english, short fiction, Exile and the Kingdom ; an autobiographical novel, The First Man ; a number of dramatic works, most notably Caligula, The Misunderstanding , The State of Siege , and The Just Assassins ; several translations and georgetown resume, adaptations, including new versions of reflection essay, works by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dostoyevsky, and Faulkner; and rider point blanc, a lengthy assortment of essays, prose pieces, critical reviews, transcribed speeches and interviews, articles, and works of journalism. A brief summary and description of the most important of Camus’s writings is presented below as preparation for a larger discussion of his philosophy and world-view, including his main ideas and recurrent philosophical themes. The Stranger ( L’Etranger, 1942)—From its cold opening lines, “Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I can’t be sure,” to its bleak concluding image of a public execution set to take place beneath the “benign indifference of the universe,” Camus’s first and most famous novel takes the form of a terse, flat, first-person narrative by its main character Meursault, a very ordinary young man of unremarkable habits and unemotional affect who, inexplicably and in an almost absent-minded way, kills an Arab and then is arrested, tried, convicted, and sentenced to death. The neutral style of the novel—typical of reflection class, what the russian a-level, critic Roland Barthes called “writing degree zero”—serves as a perfect vehicle for the descriptions and commentary of its anti-hero narrator, the ultimate “outsider” and a person who seems to observe everything, including his own life, with almost pathological detachment. The Plague ( La Peste, 1947)—Set in the coastal town of Oran, Camus’s second novel is the story of an outbreak of plague, traced from its subtle, insidious, unheeded beginnings and reflection essay, horrible, seemingly irresistible dominion to its eventual climax and decline, all told from the viewpoint of one of the survivors.
Camus made no effort to conceal the fact that his novel was partly based on and could be interpreted as an resume allegory or parable of the rise of Nazism and the nightmare of the Occupation. Reflection Of English Essay? However, the plague metaphor is both more complicated and more flexible than that, extending to signify the alex rider point blanc report, Absurd in general as well as any calamity or disaster that tests the mettle of human beings, their endurance, their solidarity, their sense of responsibility, their compassion, and reflection, their will. At the end of the novel, the plague finally retreats, and the narrator reflects that a time of pestilence teaches “that there is more to curt flood thesis, admire in of english, men than to curt, despise,” but he also knows “that the of english class, plague bacillus never dies or disappears for good,” that “the day would come when, for the bane and the enlightening of men, it would rouse up its rats again” and send them forth yet once more to spread death and contagion into a happy and unsuspecting city. The Fall ( La Chute, 1956)—Camus’s third novel, and how the structure of proteins to their function essay, the last to be published during his lifetime, is in effect an extended dramatic monologue spoken by M. Jean-Baptiste Clamence, a dissipated, cynical, former Parisian attorney (who now calls himself a “judge-penitent”) to an unnamed auditor (thus indirectly to the reader). Set in a seedy bar in the red-light district of reflection of english class essay, Amsterdam, the work is a small masterpiece of must last sentence introduction, compression and style: a confessional (and semi-autobiographical) novel, an reflection arresting character study and psychological portrait, and at the same time a wide-ranging philosophical discourse on guilt and innocence, expiation and punishment, good and evil. Camus began his literary career as a playwright and be the last, theatre director and was planning new dramatic works for film, stage, and television at the time of his death.
In addition to his four original plays, he also published several successful adaptations (including theatre pieces based on works by of english, Faulkner, Dostoyevsky, and Calderon). He took particular pride in his work as a dramatist and man of the should stem cell research be banned, theatre. Reflection Class Essay? However, his plays never achieved the a-level, same popularity, critical success, or level of incandescence as his more famous novels and major essays. Caligula (1938, first produced 1945)—“Men die and reflection essay, are not happy.” Such is the resume, complaint against the universe pronounced by the young emperor Caligula, who in Camus’s play is less the murderous lunatic, slave to reflection of english class, incest, narcissist, and megalomaniac of Roman history than a theatrical martyr-hero of the Absurd: a man who carries his philosophical quarrel with the meaninglessness of human existence to must be the last sentence, a kind of reflection of english essay, fanatical but logical extreme. Camus described his hero as a man “obsessed with the impossible” willing to pervert all values, and if necessary destroy himself and all those around him in the pursuit of a thesis must last sentence introduction, absolute liberty. Caligula was Camus’s first attempt at portraying a figure in absolute defiance of the Absurd, and through three revisions of the play over a period of several years he eventually achieved a remarkable composite by adding to Caligula’s original portrait touches of Sade, of revolutionary nihilism, of the Nietzschean Superman, of his own version of Sisyphus, and even of Mussolini and Hitler. The Misunderstanding ( Le Malentendu , 1944)—In this grim exploration of the Absurd, a son returns home while concealing his true identity from his mother and sister. Essay? The two women operate a boarding house where, in order to make ends meet, they quietly murder and rob their patrons. Through a tangle of misunderstanding and mistaken identity they wind up murdering their unrecognized visitor. Camus has explained the drama as an attempt to capture the atmosphere of malaise, corruption, demoralization, and anonymity that he experienced while living in France during the German occupation.
Despite the play’s dark themes and bleak style, he described its philosophy as ultimately optimistic: “It amounts to saying that in an unjust or indifferent world man can save himself, and should stem be banned essay, save others, by practicing the most basic sincerity and pronouncing the most appropriate word.” State of Siege ( L’Etat de Siege, 1948) — This odd allegorical drama combines features of the medieval morality play with elements of of english class, Calderon and the Spanish baroque; it also has apocalyptic themes, bits of music hall comedy, and a collection of avant-garde theatrics thrown in for good measure. The work marked a significant departure from Camus’s normal dramatic style. It also resulted in virtually universal disapproval and negative reviews from Paris theatre-goers and critics, many of whom came expecting a play based on Camus’s recent novel The Plague . The play is should cell be banned essay set in the Spanish seaport city of Cadiz, famous for its beaches, carnivals, and of english class essay, street musicians. A Thesis Must Be The In The? By the end of the first act, the normally laid-back and carefree citizens fall under the class, dominion of a gaudily beribboned and stem be banned, uniformed dictator named Plague (based on Generalissimo Franco) and his officious, clip-board wielding Secretary (who turns out to be a modern, bureaucratic incarnation of the medieval figure Death). Of English Class? One of the how the essay, prominent concerns of the play is the Orwellian theme of the degradation of reflection, language via totalitarian politics and bureaucracy (symbolized onstage by calls for silence, scenes in stem cell essay, pantomime, and a gagged chorus). As one character observes, “we are steadily nearing that perfect moment when nothing anybody says will rouse the class, least echo in another’s mind.” The Just Assassins ( Les Justes , 1950)—First performed in Paris to largely favorable reviews, this play is based on real-life characters and an actual historical event: the 1905 assassination of the Russian Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich by Ivan Kalyayev and fellow members of the Combat Organization of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. The play effectively dramatizes the issues that Camus would later explore in detail in The Rebel , especially the question of a-level, whether acts of terrorism and political violence can ever be morally justified (and if so, with what limitations and in what specific circumstances). The historical Kalyayev passed up his original opportunity to bomb the Grand Duke’s carriage because the Duke was accompanied by his wife and two young nephews.
However, this was no act of conscience on Kalyayev’s part but a purely practical decision based on his calculation that the reflection, murder of children would prove a setback to the revolution. After the how the structure of proteins to their function, successful completion of his bombing mission and subsequent arrest, Kalyayev welcomed his execution on similarly practical and purely political grounds, believing that his death would further the cause of revolution and social justice. Camus’s Kalyayev, on the other hand, is a far more agonized and conscientious figure, neither so cold-blooded nor so calculating as his real-life counterpart. Upon seeing the two children in the carriage, he refuses to of english essay, toss his bomb not because doing so would be politically inexpedient but because he is overcome emotionally, temporarily unnerved by the sad expression in their eyes. Similarly, at the end of the play he embraces his death not so much because it will aid the revolution, but almost as a form of karmic penance, as if it were indeed some kind of sacred duty or metaphysical requirement that must be performed in thesis, order for of english true justice to be achieved. c. Essays, Letters, Prose Collections, Articles, and rider point blanc book report, Reviews. Betwixt and Between ( L’Envers et l’endroit, 1937)—This short collection of semi-autobiographical, semi-fictional, philosophical pieces might be dismissed as juvenilia and largely ignored if it were not for the fact that it represents Camus’s first attempt to formulate a coherent life-outlook and of english class, world-view. Resume? The collection, which in a way serves as a germ or starting point for the author’s later philosophy, consists of five lyrical essays. In “Irony” (“ L’Ironie ”), a reflection on youth and age, Camus asserts, in the manner of a young disciple of Pascal, our essential solitariness in life and death. In “Between yes and no” (“ Entre Oui et Non ”) he suggests that to hope is of english class essay as empty and as pointless as to despair, yet he goes beyond nihilism by positing a fundamental value to existence-in-the-world.
In “Death in russian coursework a-level, the soul” (“ La Mort dans l’ame ”) he supplies a sort of existential travel review, contrasting his impressions of central and Eastern Europe (which he views as purgatorial and morgue-like) with the more spontaneous life of of english class essay, Italy and resume, Mediterranean culture. The piece thus affirms the author’s lifelong preference for the color and vitality of the Mediterranean world, and especially North Africa, as opposed to what he perceives as the reflection of english, soulless cold-heartedness of modern Europe. In “Love of life” (“ Amour de vivre ”) he claims there can be no love of life without despair of blanc, life and thus largely re-asserts the essentially tragic, ancient Greek view that the reflection of english, very beauty of human existence is largely contingent upon its brevity and fragility. The concluding essay, “Betwixt and between” (“ L’Envers et l’endroit ”), summarizes and re-emphasizes the Romantic themes of the collection as a whole: our fundamental “aloneness,” the importance of imagination and alex blanc, openness to class essay, experience, the imperative to “live as if….” Nuptials ( Noces , 1938)—This collection of four rhapsodic narratives supplements and amplifies the youthful philosophy expressed in Betwixt and a thesis sentence introduction, Between . That joy is necessarily intertwined with despair, that the shortness of life confers a premium on intense experience, and that the world is both beautiful and violent—these are, once again, Camus’s principal themes. Reflection Class? “Summer in a thesis be the last, Algiers,” which is probably the best (and best-known) of the essays in the collection, is a lyrical, at times almost ecstatic, celebration of sea, sun, and essay, the North African landscape. Affirming a defiantly atheistic creed, Camus concludes with one of the core ideas of georgetown resume, his philosophy: “If there is a sin against life, it consists not so much in reflection of english, despairing as in hoping for alex point blanc book another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this one.”
The Myth of class, Sisyphus ( Le Mythe de Sisyphe, 1943)—If there is a single non-fiction work that can be considered an stem cell be banned essential or fundamental statement of Camus’s philosophy, it is this extended essay on the ethics of suicide (eventually translated and repackaged for American publication in 1955). It is here that Camus formally introduces and fully articulates his most famous idea, the of english, concept of the Absurd, and his equally famous image of flood, life as a Sisyphean struggle. Class? From its provocative opening sentence—“There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide”—to its stirring, paradoxical conclusion—“The struggle itself toward the heights is enough to fill a man’s heart. One must imagine Sisyphus happy”—the book has something interesting and challenging on nearly every page and is shot through with brilliant aphorisms and a-level, insights. In the end, Camus rejects suicide: the Absurd must not be evaded either by religion (“philosophical suicide”) or by annihilation (“physical suicide”); the reflection of english class essay, task of living should not merely be accepted, it must be embraced. The Rebel ( L’Homme Revolte, 1951)—Camus considered this work a continuation of the critical and philosophical investigation of the Absurd that he began with The Myth of thesis, Sisyphus . Reflection Class Essay? Only this time his primary concern is not suicide but murder. He takes up the point book, question of whether acts of terrorism and political violence can be morally justified, which is reflection of english essay basically the curt, same question he had addressed earlier in his play The Just Assassins . After arguing that an authentic life inevitably involves some form of conscientious moral revolt, Camus winds up concluding that only in rare and very narrowly defined instances is political violence justified. Camus’s critique of of english class, revolutionary violence and terror in this work, and particularly his caustic assessment of Marxism-Leninism (which he accused of sacrificing innocent lives on the altar of History), touched nerves throughout Europe and led in part to his celebrated feud with Sartre and other French leftists.
Resistance, Rebellion, and Death (1957)—This posthumous collection is of interest to students of Camus mainly because it brings together an unusual assortment of his non-fiction writings on a wide range of topics, from art and politics to the advantages of pessimism and is related to their function essay, the virtues (from a non-believer’s standpoint) of Christianity. Of special interest are two pieces that helped secure Camus’s worldwide reputation as a voice of liberty: “Letters to a German Friend,” a set of four letters originally written during the Nazi Occupation, and “Reflections on the Guillotine,” a denunciation of the death penalty cited for special mention by the Nobel committee and eventually revised and re-published as a companion essay to go with fellow death-penalty opponent Arthur Koestler’s “Reflections on Hanging.” To re-emphasize a point made earlier, Camus considered himself first and foremost a writer ( un ecrivain ). Indeed, Camus’s dissertation advisor penciled onto his dissertation the assessment “More a writer than a philosopher.” And at various times in of english, his career he also accepted the labels journalist, humanist, novelist, and even moralist. However, he apparently never felt comfortable identifying himself as a philosopher—a term he seems to how the structure of proteins is related function essay, have associated with rigorous academic training, systematic thinking, logical consistency, and a coherent, carefully defined doctrine or body of ideas. This is not to suggest that Camus lacked ideas or to reflection of english class, say that his thought cannot be considered a personal philosophy. Alex Rider Point Book? It is simply to reflection, point out that he was not a systematic, or even a notably disciplined thinker and that, unlike Heidegger and Sartre, for example, he showed very little interest in metaphysics and ontology, which seems to be one of the reasons he consistently denied that he was an existentialist. In short, he was not much given to speculative philosophy or any kind of abstract theorizing. His thought is instead nearly always related to current events (e.g., the Spanish War, revolt in Algeria) and is consistently grounded in down-to-earth moral and curt flood, political reality. Though he was baptized, raised, and educated as a Catholic and invariably respectful towards the Church, Camus seems to have been a natural-born pagan who showed almost no instinct whatsoever for belief in the supernatural. Even as a youth, he was more of class essay, a sun-worshipper and nature lover than a boy notable for his piety or religious faith.
On the other hand, there is no denying that Christian literature and philosophy served as an important influence on his early thought and intellectual development. As a young high school student, Camus studied the georgetown, Bible, read and savored the Spanish mystics St. Theresa of Avila and St. John of the Cross, and was introduced to the thought of reflection, St. Augustine St. Augustine would later serve as the rider book report, subject of his baccalaureate dissertation and become—as a fellow North African writer, quasi-existentialist, and conscientious observer-critic of his own life—an important lifelong influence. In college Camus absorbed Kierkegaard, who, after Augustine, was probably the single greatest Christian influence on his thought. He also studied Schopenhauer and Nietzsche—undoubtedly the reflection of english, two writers who did the most to set him on his own path of defiant pessimism and atheism. Other notable influences include not only the major modern philosophers from the academic curriculum—from Descartes and Spinoza to Bergson—but also, and just as importantly, philosophical writers like Stendhal, Melville, Dostoyevsky, and Kafka. The two earliest expressions of Camus’s personal philosophy are his works Betwixt and Between (1937) and Nuptials (1938).
Here he unfolds what is essentially a hedonistic, indeed almost primitivistic, celebration of nature and the life of the senses. Thesis? In the Romantic poetic tradition of writers like Rilke and Wallace Stevens, he offers a forceful rejection of class, all hereafters and an emphatic embrace of the here and should cell essay, now. There is no salvation, he argues, no transcendence; there is only the enjoyment of consciousness and natural being. One life, this life, is enough. Class? Sky and georgetown, sea, mountain and desert, have their own beauty and magnificence and constitute a sufficient heaven.
The critic John Cruikshank termed this stage in class, Camus’s thinking “naive atheism” and attributed it to his ecstatic and somewhat immature “Mediterraneanism.” Naive seems an apt characterization for a philosophy that is romantically bold and uncomplicated yet somewhat lacking in sophistication and logical clarity. On the other hand, if we keep in mind Camus’s theatrical background and preference for dramatic presentation, there may actually be more depth and complexity to his thought here than meets the eye. That is to say, just as it would be simplistic and reductive to should cell research be banned essay, equate Camus’s philosophy of revolt with that of his character Caligula (who is at best a kind of extreme or mad spokesperson for the author), so in the same way it is possible that the pensees and opinions presented in Nuptials and Betwixt and Between are not so much the views of Camus as they are poetically heightened observations of an reflection of english class essay artfully crafted narrator—an exuberant alter ego who is far more spontaneous and russian coursework, free-spirited than his more naturally reserved and sober-minded author. In any case, regardless of this assessment of the ideas expressed in Betwixt and Between and Nuptials , it is clear that these early writings represent an important, if comparatively raw and simple, beginning stage in Camus’s development as a thinker where his views differ markedly from his more mature philosophy in several noteworthy respects. In the first place, the class, Camus of Nuptials is still a young man of stem cell research, twenty-five, aflame with youthful joie de vivre. He favors a life of impulse and daring as it was honored and practiced in both Romantic literature and in the streets of Belcourt.
Recently married and reflection essay, divorced, raised in poverty and in close quarters, beset with health problems, this young man develops an how the of proteins function understandable passion for reflection of english essay clear air, open space, colorful dreams, panoramic vistas, and the breath-taking prospects and challenges of the larger world. Consequently, the Camus of the period 1937-38 is a decidedly different writer from the Camus who will ascend the dais at Stockholm nearly twenty years later. The young Camus is more of a sensualist and pleasure-seeker, more of russian coursework, a dandy and aesthete, than the more hardened and austere figure who will endure the Occupation while serving in the French underground. He is a writer passionate in his conviction that life ought to be lived vividly and intensely—indeed rebelliously (to use the reflection of english class, term that will take on increasing importance in his thought). He is also a writer attracted to how the structure of proteins essay, causes, though he is not yet the author who will become world-famous for of english his moral seriousness and passionate commitment to justice and freedom. All of which is understandable. After all, the Camus of the coursework, middle 1930s had not yet witnessed and absorbed the shattering spectacle and disillusioning effects of the Spanish Civil War, the rise of Fascism, Hitlerism, and Stalinism, the coming into reflection class essay, being of a-level, total war and weapons of mass destruction, and the terrible reign of genocide and terror that would characterize the period 1938-1945. Reflection Essay? It was under the pressure and in cell, direct response to the events of this period that Camus’s mature philosophy—with its core set of humanistic themes and ideas—emerged and gradually took shape.
That mature philosophy is no longer a “naive atheism” but a very reflective and critical brand of unbelief. It is reflection class proudly and inconsolably pessimistic, but not in a polemical or overbearing way. It is unbending, hardheaded, determinedly skeptical. It is tolerant and respectful of world religious creeds, but at the same time wholly unsympathetic to coursework a-level, them. In the end it is an affirmative philosophy that accepts and approves, and in reflection of english, its own way blesses, our dreadful mortality and our fundamental isolation in the world.
Regardless of whether he is producing drama, fiction, or non-fiction, Camus in his mature writings nearly always takes up and re-explores the same basic philosophical issues. These recurrent topoi constitute the key components of his thought. They include themes like the Absurd, alienation, suicide, and rebellion that almost automatically come to mind whenever his name is mentioned. Hence any summary of his place in modern philosophy would be incomplete without at georgetown, least a brief discussion of these ideas and how they fit together to form a distinctive and original world-view. Even readers not closely acquainted with Camus’s works are aware of his reputation as the philosophical expositor, anatomist, and poet-apostle of the Absurd. Indeed, as even sitcom writers and stand-up comics apparently understand (odd fact: the comic-bleak final episode of Seinfeld has been compared to The Stranger , and Camus’s thought has been used to explain episodes of reflection of english class essay, The Simpsons ), it is largely through the georgetown resume, thought and writings of the of english class, French-Algerian author that the concept of absurdity has become a part not only of world literature and twentieth-century philosophy but also of modern popular culture. What then is meant by the notion of the Absurd?
Contrary to the view conveyed by popular culture, the Absurd, (at least in how the structure of proteins is related function, Camus’s terms) does not simply refer to some vague perception that modern life is fraught with paradoxes, incongruities, and essay, intellectual confusion. How The Structure Is Related Function? (Although that perception is certainly consistent with his formula.) Instead, as he emphasizes and tries to make clear, the Absurd expresses a fundamental disharmony, a tragic incompatibility, in our existence. In effect, he argues that the Absurd is the of english essay, product of a collision or confrontation between our human desire for order, meaning, and russian coursework, purpose in life and the blank, indifferent “silence of the universe”: “The absurd is reflection class not in man nor in the world,” Camus explains, “but in their presence together…it is the only bond uniting them.” So here we are: poor creatures desperately seeking hope and meaning in a hopeless, meaningless world. Sartre, in his essay-review of curt thesis, The Stranger provides an reflection of english class additional gloss on alex rider point blanc, the idea: “The absurd, to be sure, resides neither in man nor in the world, if you consider each separately. But since man’s dominant characteristic is reflection ‘being in the world,’ the absurd is, in the end, an inseparable part of the human condition.” The Absurd, then, presents itself in the form of an existential opposition. It arises from the human demand for clarity and transcendence on the one hand and a-level, a cosmos that offers nothing of the kind on the other. Such is our fate: we inhabit a world that is indifferent to reflection of english, our sufferings and how the structure function, deaf to reflection class essay, our protests. In Camus’s view there are three possible philosophical responses to this predicament. Two of these he condemns as evasions, and the other he puts forward as a proper solution. The first choice is blunt and simple: physical suicide. If we decide that a life without some essential purpose or meaning is not worth living, we can simply choose to kill ourselves.
Camus rejects this choice as cowardly. In his terms it is a repudiation or renunciation of life, not a true revolt. The second choice is the religious solution of positing a transcendent world of solace and must be the last introduction, meaning beyond the Absurd. Camus calls this solution “philosophical suicide” and rejects it as transparently evasive and fraudulent. To adopt a supernatural solution to the problem of the reflection, Absurd (for example, through some type of mysticism or leap of faith) is to annihilate reason, which in Camus’s view is as fatal and self-destructive as physical suicide. In effect, instead of removing himself from the absurd confrontation of self and rider, world like the physical suicide, the religious believer simply removes the offending world and replaces it, via a kind of metaphysical abracadabra, with a more agreeable alternative. The third choice—in Camus’s view the only authentic and valid solution—is simply to accept absurdity, or better yet to embrace it, and to continue living. Since the Absurd in his view is an unavoidable, indeed defining, characteristic of the human condition, the only proper response to it is full, unflinching, courageous acceptance.
Life, he says, can “be lived all the better if it has no meaning.” The example par excellence of this option of reflection of english class, spiritual courage and metaphysical revolt is the mythical Sisyphus of Camus’s philosophical essay. Doomed to eternal labor at his rock, fully conscious of the essential hopelessness of resume, his plight, Sisyphus nevertheless pushes on. Reflection Of English? In doing so he becomes for resume Camus a superb icon of the spirit of revolt and of the reflection class, human condition. To rise each day to of proteins to their, fight a battle you know you cannot win, and to do this with wit, grace, compassion for others, and even a sense of mission, is to face the Absurd in a spirit of true heroism. Over the course of his career, Camus examines the Absurd from multiple perspectives and through the eyes of many different characters—from the mad Caligula, who is obsessed with the problem, to the strangely aloof and yet simultaneously self-absorbed Meursault, who seems indifferent to it even as he exemplifies and is finally victimized by it. Reflection Of English? In The Myth of Sisyphus, Camus traces it in specific characters of legend and literature (Don Juan, Ivan Karamazov) and also in how the structure is related to their essay, certain character types (the Actor, the Conqueror), all of who may be understood as in some way a version or manifestation of Sisyphus, the archetypal absurd hero. [Note: A rather different, yet possibly related, notion of the Absurd is proposed and reflection class, analyzed in the work of Kierkegaard, especially in Fear and Trembling and Repetition . For Kierkegaard, however, the georgetown resume, Absurd describes not an essential and reflection of english class essay, universal human condition, but the special condition and of proteins is related essay, nature of religious faith—a paradoxical state in which matters of will and essay, perception that are objectively impossible can nevertheless be ultimately true. Though it is hard to say whether Camus had Kierkegaard particularly in mind when he developed his own concept of the absurd, there can be little doubt that Kierkegaard’s knight of faith is in certain ways an important predecessor of Camus’s Sisyphus: both figures are involved in impossible and alex rider book, endlessly agonizing tasks, which they nevertheless confidently and even cheerfully pursue. In the knight’s quixotic defiance and of english class, solipsism, Camus found a model for his own ideal of heroic affirmation and rider point blanc report, philosophical revolt.] The companion theme to the Absurd in class essay, Camus’s oeuvre (and the georgetown resume, only other philosophical topic to which he devoted an entire book) is the idea of Revolt.
What is revolt? Simply defined, it is the of english class, Sisyphean spirit of defiance in the face of the Absurd. More technically and structure of proteins to their function, less metaphorically, it is a spirit of opposition against any perceived unfairness, oppression, or indignity in the human condition. Rebellion in Camus’s sense begins with a recognition of boundaries, of limits that define one’s essential selfhood and core sense of being and thus must not be infringed—as when a slave stands up to his master and of english class essay, says in effect “thus far, and no further, shall I be commanded.” This defining of the self as at some point inviolable appears to be an act of pure egoism and individualism, but it is not. In fact Camus argues at considerable length to show that an should cell research essay act of reflection essay, conscientious revolt is ultimately far more than just an individual gesture or an act of solitary protest.
The rebel, he writes, holds that there is a “common good more important than his own destiny” and cell, that there are “rights more important than himself.” He acts “in the name of certain values which are still indeterminate but which he feels are common to himself and to all men” ( The Rebel 15-16). Camus then goes on class essay, to assert that an “analysis of rebellion leads at least to the suspicion that, contrary to the postulates of contemporary thought, a human nature does exist, as the Greeks believed.” After all, “Why rebel,” he asks, “if there is nothing permanent in the self worth preserving?” The slave who stands up and asserts himself actually does so for “the sake of everyone in the world.” He declares in effect that “all men—even the man who insults and oppresses him—have a natural community.” Here we may note that the idea that there may indeed be an essential human nature is actually more than a “suspicion” as far as Camus himself was concerned. Indeed for of proteins him it was more like a fundamental article of his humanist faith. In any case it represents one of the core principles of his ethics and is one of the tenets that sets his philosophy apart from existentialism. True revolt, then, is performed not just for the self but also in solidarity with and out of class, compassion for others. And for this reason, Camus is led to conclude that revolt too has its limits. If it begins with and necessarily involves a recognition of human community and a common human dignity, it cannot, without betraying its own true character, treat others as if they were lacking in that dignity or not a part of that community. In the end it is remarkable, and indeed surprising, how closely Camus’s philosophy of revolt, despite the author’s fervent atheism and individualism, echoes Kantian ethics with its prohibition against be the in the treating human beings as means and its ideal of the of english class essay, human community as a kingdom of ends. A recurrent theme in Camus’s literary works, which also shows up in his moral and political writings, is the character or perspective of the “stranger” or outsider.
Meursault, the laconic narrator of The Stranger , is the most obvious example. He seems to observe everything, even his own behavior, from an outside perspective. Thesis? Like an anthropologist, he records his observations with clinical detachment at the same time that he is warily observed by the community around him. Camus came by this perspective naturally. As a European in Africa, an African in Europe, an infidel among Muslims, a lapsed Catholic, a Communist Party drop-out, an underground resister (who at times had to use code names and false identities), a “child of the state” raised by a widowed mother (who was illiterate and virtually deaf and dumb), Camus lived most of his life in various groups and communities without really being integrated within them. This outside view, the perspective of the reflection of english, exile, became his characteristic stance as a writer.
It explains both the cool, objective (“zero-degree”) precision of much of his work and also the high value he assigned to resume, longed-for ideals of friendship, community, solidarity, and brotherhood. Throughout his writing career, Camus showed a deep interest in questions of guilt and innocence. Once again Meursault in The Stranger provides a striking example. Reflection Of English? Is he legally innocent of the murder he is coursework charged with? Or is he technically guilty? On the one hand, there seems to have been no conscious intention behind his action. Indeed the of english essay, killing takes place almost as if by accident, with Meursault in a kind of how the structure, absent-minded daze, distracted by the sun.
From this point of view, his crime seems surreal and his trial and subsequent conviction a travesty. On the other hand, it is hard for the reader not to share the essay, view of other characters in the novel, especially Meursault’s accusers, witnesses, and how the structure of proteins to their function, jury, in reflection of english, whose eyes he seems to be a seriously defective human being—at best, a kind of hollow man and at worst, a monster of self-centeredness and should cell research, insularity. That the character has evoked such a wide range of responses from critics and readers—from sympathy to reflection of english class, horror—is a tribute to the psychological complexity and subtlety of Camus’s portrait. Camus’s brilliantly crafted final novel, The Fall , continues his keen interest in the theme of guilt, this time via a narrator who is virtually obsessed with it. Structure Of Proteins Essay? The significantly named Jean-Baptiste Clamence (a voice in the wilderness calling for clemency and forgiveness) is tortured by guilt in the wake of a seemingly casual incident. While strolling home one drizzly November evening, he shows little concern and almost no emotional reaction at of english essay, all to blanc book, the suicidal plunge of a young woman into essay, the Seine. But afterwards the incident begins to gnaw at him, and how the structure to their, eventually he comes to view his inaction as typical of of english class, a long pattern of personal vanity and as a colossal failure of human sympathy on his part. Wracked by remorse and self-loathing, he gradually descends into a figurative hell. Formerly an attorney, he is now a self-described “judge-penitent” (a combination sinner, tempter, prosecutor, and father-confessor) who shows up each night at his local haunt, a sailor’s bar near Amsterdam’s red light district, where, somewhat in the manner of Coleridge’s Ancient Mariner, he recounts his story to whoever will hear it. Curt? In the final sections of the novel, amid distinctly Christian imagery and symbolism, he declares his crucial insight that, despite our pretensions to righteousness, we are all guilty . Hence no human being has the right to pass final moral judgment on another. In a final twist, Clamence asserts that his acid self-portrait is also a mirror for his contemporaries.
Hence his confession is also an accusation—not only of his nameless companion (who serves as the reflection essay, mute auditor for his monologue) but ultimately of the hypocrite lecteur as well. The theme of guilt and innocence in Camus’s writings relates closely to should essay, another recurrent tension in his thought: the opposition of Christian and pagan ideas and influences. At heart a nature-worshipper, and by of english essay, instinct a skeptic and non-believer, Camus nevertheless retained a lifelong interest and respect for Christian philosophy and literature. In particular, he seems to have recognized St. Augustine and flood, Kierkegaard as intellectual kinsmen and writers with whom he shared a common passion for controversy, literary flourish, self-scrutiny, and self-dramatization. Reflection Of English Class Essay? Christian images, symbols, and russian coursework a-level, allusions abound in all his work (probably more so than in the writing of any other avowed atheist in modern literature), and Christian themes—judgment, forgiveness, despair, sacrifice, passion, and so forth—permeate the novels. Reflection Of English? (Meursault and Clamence, it is worth noting, are presented not just as sinners, devils, and outcasts, but in several instances explicitly, and not entirely ironically, as Christ figures.) Meanwhile alongside and against this leitmotif of Christian images and themes, Camus sets the a-level, main components of his essentially pagan worldview. Like Nietzsche, he maintains a special admiration for Greek heroic values and pessimism and for classical virtues like courage and honor. What might be termed Romantic values also merit particular esteem within his philosophy: passion, absorption in pure being, an appreciation for and indeed a willingness to revel in raw sensory experience, the glory of the moment, the beauty of the essay, world.
As a result of this duality of flood thesis, influence, Camus’s basic philosophical problem becomes how to of english essay, reconcile his Augustinian sense of original sin (universal guilt) and rampant moral evil with his personal ideal of pagan primitivism (universal innocence) and with his conviction that the natural world and our life in it have intrinsic beauty and value. Can an absurd world have intrinsic value? Is authentic pessimism compatible with the alex point blanc book, view that there is an reflection essential dignity to human life? Such questions raise the possibility that there may be deep logical inconsistencies within Camus’s philosophy, and some critics (notably Sartre) have suggested that these inconsistencies cannot be surmounted except through some sort of Kierkegaardian leap of faith on Camus’s part—in this case a leap leading to a belief not in God but in man. Such a leap is certainly implied in an oft-quoted remark from Camus’s “Letter to a German Friend,” where he wrote: “I continue to believe that this world has no supernatural meaning…But I know that something in the world has meaning—man.” One can find similar affirmations and protestations on behalf of humanity throughout Camus’s writings. They are almost a hallmark of his philosophical style. Oracular and high-flown, they clearly have more rhetorical force than logical potency.
On the other hand, if we are trying to locate Camus’s place in European philosophical tradition, they provide a strong clue as to where he properly belongs. Surprisingly, the sentiment here, a commonplace of the Enlightenment and of traditional liberalism, is much closer in spirit to the exuberant secular humanism of the Italian Renaissance than to the agnostic skepticism of contemporary post-modernism. vi. Individual vs. History and Mass Culture. A primary theme of early twentieth-century European literature and critical thought is the rise of modern mass civilization and its suffocating effects of alienation and dehumanization. Is Related? This became a pervasive theme by reflection of english essay, the time Camus was establishing his literary reputation.
Anxiety over the fate of Western culture, already intense, escalated to apocalyptic levels with the should stem research essay, sudden emergence of fascism, totalitarianism, and new technologies of reflection essay, coercion and russian, death. Here then was a subject ready-made for reflection of english essay a writer of russian, Camus’s political and humanistic views. He responded to the occasion with typical force and eloquence. In one way or another, the of english class, themes of alienation and dehumanization as by-products of an increasingly technical and automated world enter into curt, nearly all of Camus’s works. Even his concept of the Absurd becomes multiplied by a social and reflection class, economic world in alex book report, which meaningless routines and mind-numbing repetitions predominate. The drudgery of Sisyphus is mirrored and amplified in the assembly line, the business office, the government bureau, and especially in the penal colony and concentration camp.
In line with this theme, the ever-ambiguous Meursault in The Stranger can be understood as both a depressing manifestation of the newly emerging mass personality (that is, as a figure devoid of basic human feelings and passions) and, conversely, as a lone hold-out, a last remaining specimen of the old Romanticism—and hence a figure who is viewed as both dangerous and alien by the robotic majority. Similarly, The Plague can be interpreted, on at least one level, as an allegory in which humanity must be preserved from the fatal pestilence of mass culture, which converts formerly free, autonomous, independent-minded human beings into reflection essay, a soulless new species. At various times in the novel, Camus’s narrator describes the plague as if it were a dull but highly capable public official or bureaucrat: It was, above all, a shrewd, unflagging adversary; a skilled organizer, doing his work thoroughly and well. How The Is Related Function Essay? (180) “But it seemed the plague had settled in for good at its most virulent, and it took its daily toll of deaths with the punctual zeal of a good civil servant.” (235) This identification of the plague with oppressive civil bureaucracy and the routinization of charisma looks forward to reflection class, the author’s play The State of Siege , where plague is should stem research be banned essay used once again as a symbol for totalitarianism—only this time it is personified in reflection class essay, an almost cartoonish way as a kind of overbearing government functionary or office manager from hell. Clad in a gaudy military uniform bedecked with ribbons and curt thesis, decorations, the character Plague (a satirical portrait of reflection of english class essay, Generalissimo Francisco Franco—or El Caudillo as he liked to flood thesis, style himself) is closely attended by his personal Secretary and loyal assistant Death, depicted as a prim, officious female bureaucrat who also favors military garb and who carries an class essay ever-present clipboard and resume, notebook. So Plague is a fascist dictator, and Death a solicitous commissar.
Together these figures represent a system of pervasive control and micro-management that threatens the future of mass society. In his reflections on this theme of reflection of english, post-industrial dehumanization, Camus differs from most other European writers (and especially from those on the Left) in viewing mass reform and revolutionary movements, including Marxism, as representing at least as great a threat to individual freedom as late-stage capitalism. Throughout his career he continued to cherish and defend old-fashioned virtues like personal courage and honor that other Left-wing intellectuals tended to resume, view as reactionary or bourgeois. Suicide is the central subject of reflection of english class essay, The Myth of Sisyphus and serves as a background theme in Caligula and The Fall . In Caligula the mad title character, in a fit of curt flood thesis, horror and revulsion at of english class, the meaninglessness of life, would rather die—and bring the world down with him—than accept a cosmos that is indifferent to human fate or that will not submit to his individual will. In The Fall , a stranger’s act of suicide serves as the resume, starting point for a bitter ritual of self-scrutiny and remorse on the part of the narrator. Like Wittgenstein (who had a family history of suicide and suffered from bouts of depression), Camus considered suicide the fundamental issue for moral philosophy. However, unlike other philosophers who have written on the subject (from Cicero and reflection of english class essay, Seneca to Montaigne and Schopenhauer), Camus seems uninterested in assessing the introduction, traditional motives and justifications for suicide (for instance, to avoid a long, painful, and debilitating illness or as a response to of english essay, personal tragedy or scandal). Alex Point Blanc Book? Indeed, he seems interested in the problem only to the extent that it represents one possible response to reflection of english, the Absurd.
His verdict on the matter is unqualified and clear: The only courageous and morally valid response to the Absurd is to continue living—“Suicide is not an option.” From the time he first heard the story of his father’s literal nausea and revulsion after witnessing a public execution, Camus began a vocal and lifelong opposition to the death penalty. Executions by guillotine were a common public spectacle in Algeria during his lifetime, but he refused to attend them and recoiled bitterly at their very mention. Condemnation of capital punishment is both explicit and implicit in his writings. For example, in The Stranger Meursault’s long confinement during his trial and flood, his eventual execution are presented as part of an elaborate, ceremonial ritual involving both public and religious authorities.
The grim rationality of this process of legalized murder contrasts markedly with the sudden, irrational, almost accidental nature of his actual crime. Similarly, in essay, The Myth of Sisyphus , the would-be suicide is a thesis in the introduction contrasted with his fatal opposite, the man condemned to death, and we are continually reminded that a sentence of death is our common fate in an absurd universe. Camus’s opposition to the death penalty is not specifically philosophical. That is, it is not based on a particular moral theory or principle (such as Cesare Beccaria’s utilitarian objection that capital punishment is reflection class essay wrong because it has not been proven to russian, have a deterrent effect greater than life imprisonment). Camus’s opposition, in contrast, is humanitarian, conscientious, almost visceral. Like Victor Hugo, his great predecessor on reflection essay, this issue, he views the death penalty as an egregious barbarism—an act of blood riot and vengeance covered over with a thin veneer of law and civility to make it acceptable to modern sensibilities. That it is resume also an act of vengeance aimed primarily at the poor and oppressed, and that it is given religious sanction, makes it even more hideous and indefensible in his view. Camus’s essay “Reflections on reflection class essay, the Guillotine” supplies a detailed examination of the issue. An eloquent personal statement with compelling psychological and philosophical insights, it includes the author’s direct rebuttal to traditional retributionist arguments in favor of capital punishment (such as Kant’s claim that death is the legally appropriate, indeed morally required, penalty for murder).
To all who argue that murder must be punished in kind, Camus replies: Capital punishment is the most premeditated of murders, to must be the last sentence introduction, which no criminal’s deed, however calculated, can be compared. For there to be an of english essay equivalency, the curt flood thesis, death penalty would have to punish a criminal who had warned his victim of the date on which he would inflict a horrible death on him and who, from that moment onward, had confined him at his mercy for reflection class essay months. Georgetown? Such a monster is not to be encountered in class essay, private life. Camus concludes his essay by arguing that, at the very least, France should abolish the savage spectacle of the guillotine and replace it with a more humane procedure (such as lethal injection). But he still retains a scant hope that capital punishment will be completely abolished at some point in the time to come: “In the unified Europe of the future the solemn abolition of the death penalty ought to should stem, be the first article of the European Code we all hope for.” Camus himself did not live to of english class, see the day, but he would no doubt be gratified to know that abolition of capital punishment is now an resume essential prerequisite for membership in the European Union. Camus is often classified as an existentialist writer, and it is easy to see why. Of English? Affinities with Kierkegaard and how the structure is related function essay, Sartre are patent.
He shares with these philosophers (and with the other major writers in of english class essay, the existentialist tradition, from Augustine and rider blanc, Pascal to Dostoyevsky and Nietzsche) an of english essay habitual and intense interest in the active human psyche, in georgetown resume, the life of conscience or spirit as it is actually experienced and lived. Reflection Class? Like these writers, he aims at nothing less than a thorough, candid exegesis of the should stem cell research, human condition, and like them he exhibits not just a philosophical attraction but also a personal commitment to such values as individualism, free choice, inner strength, authenticity, personal responsibility, and self-determination. However, one troublesome fact remains: throughout his career Camus repeatedly denied that he was an existentialist. Of English Essay? Was this an accurate and honest self-assessment? On the one hand, some critics have questioned this “denial” (using the curt, term almost in its modern clinical sense), attributing it to the celebrated Sartre-Camus political “feud” or to a certain stubbornness or even contrariness on Camus’s part. In their view, Camus qualifies as, at minimum, a closet existentialist, and in essay, certain respects (e.g., in his unconditional and passionate concern for the individual) as an even truer specimen of the type than Sartre. On the other hand, besides his personal rejection of the how the function, label, there appear to class essay, be solid reasons for challenging the claim that Camus is an curt thesis existentialist. Class? For one thing, it is noteworthy that he never showed much interest in (indeed he largely avoided) metaphysical and ontological questions (the philosophical raison d’etre of Heidegger and Sartre).
Of course there is no rule that says an existentialist must be a metaphysician. Resume? However, Camus’s seeming aversion to technical philosophical discussion does suggest one way in reflection essay, which he distanced himself from contemporary existentialist thought. Another point of divergence is must be the last sentence that Camus seems to have regarded existentialism as a complete and systematic world-view, that is, a fully articulated doctrine. In his view, to be a true existentialist one had to commit to of english, the entire doctrine (and not merely to bits and pieces of it), and this was apparently something he was unwilling to do. A further point of separation, and is related to their essay, possibly a decisive one, is that Camus actively challenged and set himself apart from the existentialist motto that being precedes essence. Ultimately, against Sartre in of english, particular and existentialists in general, he clings to his instinctive belief in russian coursework a-level, a common human nature. In his view human existence necessarily includes an essential core element of class essay, dignity and value, and in this respect he seems surprisingly closer to the humanist tradition from Aristotle to Kant than to the modern tradition of should, skepticism and relativism from Nietzsche to reflection class essay, Derrida (the latter his fellow-countryman and, at least in his commitment to resume, human rights and of english essay, opposition to the death penalty, his spiritual successor and descendant). Obviously, Camus’s writings remain the primary reason for alex book his continuing importance and the chief source of his cultural legacy, but his fame is also due to his exemplary life. He truly lived his philosophy; thus it is in his personal political stands and class, public statements as well as in his books that his views are clearly articulated. In short, he bequeathed not just his words but also his actions. Taken together, those words and actions embody a core set of liberal democratic values—including tolerance, justice, liberty, open-mindedness, respect for personhood, condemnation of violence, and should research be banned, resistance to tyranny—that can be fully approved and acted upon by essay, the modern intellectual engage . On a purely literary level, one of Camus’s most original contributions to modern discourse is his distinctive prose style.
Terse and hard-boiled, yet at the same time lyrical, and indeed capable of great, soaring flights of emotion and feeling, Camus’s style represents a deliberate attempt on curt flood, his part to reflection essay, wed the famous clarity, elegance, and dry precision of the a-level, French philosophical tradition with the more sonorous and opulent manner of reflection, 19th century Romantic fiction. The result is something like a cross between Hemingway (a Camus favorite) and Melville (another favorite) or between Diderot and Hugo. For the most part when we read Camus we encounter the plain syntax, simple vocabulary, and biting aphorism typical of modern theatre or noir detective fiction. Alex Blanc Book Report? However, this base style frequently becomes a counterpoint or springboard for extended musings and lavish descriptions almost in the manner of Proust. Here we may note that this attempted reconciliation or union of opposing styles is not just an class aesthetic gesture on the author’s part: It is also a moral and political statement. Georgetown Resume? It says, in effect, that the life of reason and the life of feeling need not be opposed; that intellect and class essay, passion can, and should, operate together. Perhaps the greatest inspiration and example that Camus provides for contemporary readers is the lesson that it is still possible for a serious thinker to face the must be the last sentence introduction, modern world (with a full understanding of its contradictions, injustices, brutal flaws, and absurdities) with hardly a grain of hope, yet utterly without cynicism.
To read Camus is to find words like justice, freedom, humanity, and dignity used plainly and reflection of english, openly, without apology or embarrassment, and without the pained or derisive facial expressions or invisible quotation marks that almost automatically accompany those terms in public discourse today. At Stockholm Camus concluded his Nobel acceptance speech with a stirring reminder and challenge to modern writers: “The nobility of our craft,” he declared, “will always be rooted in two commitments, both difficult to maintain: the refusal to lie about what one knows and the resistance to curt thesis, oppression.” He left behind a body of class essay, work faithful to his own credo that the arts of language must always be used in the service of flood, truth and reflection class, the service of liberty.
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If the how the of proteins to their function information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of reflection class essay being removed from the process. It’s important to note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Should Cell Research Essay. Unfortunately, the of english class vast majority of should stem cell be banned essay informational resources pertaining to resumes is very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Reflection Of English. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at research be banned essay, conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the of english essay list below may leave the georgetown impression that everything on reflection class essay it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume.
There are literally thousands of how the is related function potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to class essay, any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to russian coursework a-level, know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of reflection of english class admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others. 9. A Thesis Sentence In The Introduction. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received.
Examples include honors and reflection of english essay, awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to georgetown resume, place these items under their own heading. However, this isn’t necessary. Reflection Essay. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of a thesis last in the introduction your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is of english class a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from russian coursework, consideration. Reflection Class. This is because the information is often required for the resume to how the is related to their function, move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office.
So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in reflection, favor one that does. Provide at least the is related to their essay following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and of english class, activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the curt thesis education section of your resume.
Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to a recent study from reflection of english, Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is georgetown highly recommended that you include the reflection of english essay following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on alex book license if different from name on essay resume License expiration date License number If the should cell license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on of english a resume as a matter of privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume. Providing the license number simply makes the flood thesis recruiter’s job easier.
And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for reflection of english class, every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the alex report shifts you’re willing to work on your nursing resume. Are you open to reflection of english class, working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift.
You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. Georgetown Resume. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for of english class, general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary.
The healthcare industry is going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. Curt Flood. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in of english, nursing job advertisements. Curt Flood. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on reflection of english class essay the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the russian a-level most commonly listed skills in job advertisements.
So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to reflection class, include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to point blanc report, the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. You should know the exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc).
If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in reflection of english essay, the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.
We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the alex point book message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the nurse to patient ratio in reflection of english essay, this unit, and how much support was there in russian coursework a-level, the form of of english class LPNs, CNAs, or MAs?
Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details.
But what about the meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in the precarious position of must be the last in the introduction balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. Of English Class. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of georgetown resume this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to reflection class essay, the job you’re applying for. Curt Flood. At the same time, they too want to know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you don’t want to reflection of english essay, fall into the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation.
Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general. Georgetown. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is reflection of english class essay very similar no matter where you go which may be the stem cell be banned reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities.
For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in of english class essay, another hospital may. With that in point book report, mind, here are some general themes to reflection of english, consider when determining the types of duties to include on coursework a-level your resume. This list is of english class not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro?
Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and should cell research, procedures are you experienced with?
For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and class essay, procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of russian coursework those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and duties to reflection, include on the resume. Rider Blanc Book. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Use the company website, news, and reflection, any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the structure is related essay types of patients, processes and procedures common to reflection class essay, the specific employer in question. Once you have the coursework duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the class essay duties into your “accomplishment statements”.
We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to flood thesis, accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in reflection essay, your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and a thesis be the last sentence introduction, other cardiovascular medications.
Bonus: Given the large number of reflection of english class essay skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to a thesis, over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and reflection of english class, downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. Must Last In The Introduction. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for of english, jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for thesis, Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. Reflection Of English Essay. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an how the of proteins to their function, explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties.
Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to reflection of english essay, know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that?
Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to how the structure is related function essay, list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements.
Or you may choose a combination of the of english class essay two approaches. Thesis. In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to of english essay, know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to provide some reference to the skills and flood, accomplishments you achieved in essay, these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. Thesis. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the of english class essay push to alex book report, force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to class, the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers. A Thesis Must Be The In The. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and reflection class, experience that are highly sought after.
As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and should stem cell research be banned, CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to class essay, print the profile to how the structure is related essay, PDF as a resume formatted specifically for class, healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and last sentence in the introduction, efficiently.
As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by reflection of english posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. Point Book Report. How to Write the of english essay Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or.
I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. Rider Point Blanc Book. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to of english, peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU.
The locations and facility i am looking at should stem cell research essay, have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for of english, new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. Should Essay. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. Of English Essay. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on must last sentence in the a “How to of english class essay, Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to how the of proteins is related function, include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified).
Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for reflection of english essay, the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should stem cell be banned, should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and reflection essay, Certifications section of your resume. Of Proteins. The order for listing credential after your name is:
Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out essay, of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the acute care setting for curt thesis, so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into reflection of english class, areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas.
Kurt, I am an RN at rider blanc book, a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. One of the class essay biggest hurdles to applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Coursework A-level. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about reflection of english class whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of be the sentence in the introduction my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about of english including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an how the structure is related function, accomplishment for class essay, myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume.
If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of flood your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an essay, individual award or a high employee evaluation score. Alex Rider Point Blanc. You may also want to essay, include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out a little more. Russian Coursework. I hope this helps!
I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in reflection essay, just about every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and curt, also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to take off time to stay home and of english class, be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and georgetown, teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current.
Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. Class Essay. There is no steadfast rule on russian a-level how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. Reflection Class Essay. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history.
You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. Cell Essay. However, experienced nurses are in reflection of english, high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in should stem cell research be banned, this particular case is to draw attention to reflection of english, your skills and away from the gap in recent experience.
However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for about 5 years now. Research Essay. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and reflection essay, removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes.
I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in how the of proteins function, a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to essay, make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. Georgetown. How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on of english my work ethics and performance on georgetown the job, but I am afraid that the reflection class essay general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language?
Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in how the of proteins is related to their function essay, parentheses. Reflection. For example: X Award (earned for valor in action).
Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the a-level technical expertise to of english class essay, provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in must be the sentence in the, a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is of english split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU).
How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out a thesis must be the last sentence, or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to reflection of english essay, relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to to their essay, convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details.
When it comes to class, specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out curt thesis, what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. Reflection Essay. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for a thesis be the last sentence in the, Med/Surg patients 50% of the class essay time and georgetown, ICU patients 50% of the time.
The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. Essay. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to structure of proteins function essay, 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to reflection, upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at must last sentence introduction, your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in of english class, another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move.
Should he address the how the of proteins clinical gap in his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in reflection, 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for hospitals to should research essay, require the last 7 years of reflection essay work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for should cell research essay, resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the reflection of english experience into curt, nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the reflection of english class essay same. Must Introduction. I hope this information helps!
I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to reflection essay, take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. Russian. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. Essay. I hope this helps! Thank you!
I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter.
They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. Must Last Sentence In The. It is reflection HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. A Thesis Must. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR?
Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in reflection class, advance for your response.
Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for report, nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume. In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either. Reflection Essay. The city and state will suffice for your resume.
On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for resume, most jobs on the company’s website through an essay, applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the a thesis must be the sentence telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the “advanced search” for class essay, best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in flood thesis, blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of of english beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site.
If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Flood. Many resume experts recommend including only the class last 10 years of work history on your resume. A Thesis Must Sentence In The Introduction. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of class work history because you don’t want to date yourself. Is Related To Their Function. They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to of english essay, include the should stem cell be banned essay dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Of English Class Essay. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help!
I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and coursework, support level of of english care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. Curt. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and of english class essay, the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into russian a-level, these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to of english class essay, hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and should stem cell research be banned essay, Utilization Review require InterQual experience.
If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in reflection of english essay, it. Check with local and curt thesis, state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Reflection Of English Class Essay. Also, review the specific details of cell research be banned essay each job opening and of english, tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the blanc Case Management Society of America for essay, example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to georgetown, see what they say. Of English Essay. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of how the structure this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions?
I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading.
We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members’ profiles and resumes. Of English Class Essay. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to research be banned essay, move to a more challenging position. Prior to essay, immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in must in the introduction, ER.
Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in a program that enrolls military medic and of english, corpsman and thesis, gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. Of English. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience. Coursework. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. Reflection. I just finished my 2nd year of research nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume. I don’t know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for reflection of english class essay, 16+ years and active duty for 10 years.
I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. Georgetown Resume. However, you can also include brief descriptions of of english class your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!!
Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to alex point book report, do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Essay. Indeed, the georgetown resume day of the one page crammer is passe’. Reflection. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the curt flood resume will be given directly to an individual. However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to of english class, be brief and choose your words wisely.
Don’t be overly verbose and curt flood, don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the reflection of english essay resume’s wording to curt, the job posting where applicable based on of english your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for should stem cell research essay, this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by of english essay reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to russian, day. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit. Essay. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Alex Blanc. Should I include it on reflection class essay my resume?
You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is should research be banned essay a tough question. Reflection Of English. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the resume short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to reflection of english essay, your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the resume omitted employment.
This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to reflection class essay, offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the story you tell. We hope this helps.
This is all great information but I do have a question. Alex Rider Report. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to class, land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin.
We’re glad to curt flood, hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and essay, work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and alex point blanc, work experience are one and reflection of english class, the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. Be The Last In The. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. For all intents and reflection, purposes, it is work experience. Of Proteins To Their Function Essay. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Class Essay. Therefore, feel free to be the in the, include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to reflection of english class essay, clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking.
While your resume is important, networking is the georgetown key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Of English Class. Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for should stem cell research be banned essay, my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi!
We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and reflection, application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for georgetown resume, free as a member of BluePipes.
You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s.
How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). Of English Class Essay. It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to coursework a-level, ask a nursing instructor to reflection of english essay, be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks!
We’re glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference. Russian Coursework A-level. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to reflection of english class, include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. How The Of Proteins Essay. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an of english class, instructor, to put in russian a-level, your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for of english class essay, applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is alex as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job.
We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on essay my resume wasn’t going to a-level, work. I was destined to be one of of english those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful.
I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on is related essay your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the reflection of english class essay best of luck in your job search.
We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to book report, a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012.
Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in reflection class essay, Pittsburgh, which was to russian, be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is reflection essay that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the coursework a-level practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of hiring new grads and reflection class, those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. Alex Book Report. I have been in nursing since 1974!
LPN in 1977 and BSN in 1989. When she responded to of english, my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the curt flood years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from them. Essay. I contend she realized I would have to start at curt, the upper end of compensation for my experience. Class. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. I am ready to consult with the thesis department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per of english, fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here!
I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and sentence in the introduction, collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and reflection of english class, SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. Curt Thesis. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in of english essay, LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful!
You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. A-level. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. Of English Essay. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the unique technical skills required for these units. A Thesis Must Introduction. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and class essay, newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to structure is related, volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and getting some relevant experience to add to your resume.
Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for reflection class, 9 years; 4 years at should cell research be banned essay, the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and reflection of english class, some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share.
With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. Be Banned Essay. Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of reflection class essay online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to georgetown, the problems facing the employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to reflection of english, the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of georgetown resume all new-hires are the result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it.
Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to of english, enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the russian fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. Reflection Of English Class. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the is related to their hospitals that I am waiting to reflection essay, hear back from that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is rider not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements!
This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Reflection Of English. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to flood thesis, candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about reflection essay what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck!
I completely disagree that availability should be included on thesis the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to of english class, work. Flood Thesis. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume. The additional touch of class essay a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an coursework a-level, edge over other applicants who omit this step.
I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. Reflection Of English Class. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for point book report, mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board.
Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for reflection of english essay, future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the a thesis must be the last in the most attributes in common with any given job description. Reflection Of English. So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is georgetown being applied for.
However, a plurality of reflection class jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to rider blanc, a contact who has connections with the employer in question. The resume is reviewed for reflection of english class essay, potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and georgetown, hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend?
I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Any help is reflection of english class greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to thesis, keep in mind when applying for reflection class essay, a job!
I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the georgetown resume Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to reflection class, Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is georgetown a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is class essay a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish.
In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Russian Coursework. Be at your best and use the opportunity to of english, network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself?
I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Must Sentence. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for class, 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Must Sentence In The. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks! We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia!
You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of reflection essay non-RN healthcare experience on resume your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and reflection class essay, you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare. Should Stem Research. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in of english class, your case) the experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience.
Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. Russian A-level. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN.
I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of reflection of english your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story.
Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. Should Stem Research Be Banned. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to the blog at this time. However, we will work on getting one up soon. Reflection Of English Class Essay. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the russian top 10 details recommended for reflection, nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!!
This clarifies a lot for me. Essay. I am a new LPN attempting to of english class essay, start my career in a new state and have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to coursework, include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on of english class essay my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the resume threads warn of of english protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. How The To Their. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to reflection essay, hear that you’ve found the be banned information useful. Of English Class. Great question!!
I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to should stem cell essay, your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of class essay units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and coursework, your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of class essay nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. Georgetown Resume. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number.
Providing it on your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the of english chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and curt flood, Date of reflection class essay Birth (although some states prohibit employers from alex rider book, asking for of english, SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the degree. Thanks for your advice.
Congratulations on your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is a thesis must last introduction no steadfast answer. My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to reflection class essay, include the information in stem research, the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have.
Good luck!! I have an reflection of english class essay, additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. I’m an resume, older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and give me her input. Reflection Class. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). Stem Cell Research. In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences.
It seems like the RN to of english class essay, BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and should, that is the majority of my BA. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of reflection of english employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about introduction this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to of english class, the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on should cell essay education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation. Both sides of the reflection class argument have merit.
Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about stem cell research be banned essay you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here.
You may even try it both ways. Reflection Of English Class. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. Must Last Introduction. However, I’m of the reflection of english class essay belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps. We’d love to is related function, hear back about how it all works out!!
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Agile Methodology Understanding Agile Methodology. The software development industry has no shortage of “DevOps” tools that position themselves as the end-all solution for application lifecycle management. Everything from release management tools to automated testing software is being coined a “DevOps necessity for the forward looking enterprise.” With so many product categories competing for a slice of the pie, what constitutes a breakthrough DevOps product? This article sets out of english class essay highlight pioneer products on the market, while bucketing them under the a-level three ways of reflection of english class, DevOps, as defined by Gene Kim in a thesis last, The Phoenix Project and The DevOps Handbook. The first way is concerned with performance and flow of the entire system. It involves creating efficient value streams within the of english class essay business through synergy between development and essay operations. The ultimate goal is to reflection of english essay, create faster delivery through automation, earlier collaboration between operations and development, and building quality in through testing and quality control measures. Docker is a breakthrough container application that allows for deployment automation.
It packages software with all code, tools, libraries, etc. that are needed to properly install on a server. Chef and Puppet are configuration management tools that aid in resume, the configuration and maintenance of enterprise servers. Cucumber allows for custom automated tests built in a BDD style. Selenium is a record/playback tool for creating custom tests without learning a test scripting language. The second way is the completion of the class DevOps loop through feedback from operations to development. The goal is to not only curt flood, create, but shorten and amplify the reflection of english essay feedback loop so that the process is swift and seamless. Curt Flood. The feedback loop should inevitably lead to an increase in efficiency with the first way. Clarive is an application release automation platform that provides a combination of automated modeling, workflow management, and deployment. All of this is achieved with incredible visibility that helps manage and regulate the way that deployments and releases are performed. Jira is an reflection of english class issue tracker that provides bug tracking, issue tracking, and how the structure of proteins essay general project management.
Splunk is reflection of english class a searchable database of real-time big data. Coursework. It was originally developed to provide executives outside of the IT department, actionable reporting. The third way is to foster a culture of experimentation and learning within your company. Essay. This is the stage that you must push the capabilities of your system to the max through rigorous testing and experimentation. A company must foster a culture that accepts failure, as long as a lesson can be learned. As Henry Ford put it, “The only real mistake is the one from which we learn nothing.” CollabNet DevOps Lifecycle Manager.
CollabNet DLM is a product that integrates with every industry-leading tool to create a rule based execution system between applications. It facilitates the cross platform integration, while providing a unified reporting dashboard on customizable KPI’s. Jenkins is an open-source continuous integration software that allows for trigger based automation of testing and builds. Keep in georgetown resume, mind that these tools, individual or combined, will not elevate your company to the status of reflection, DevOps elite. It takes a paradigm shift to properly adopt DevOps within your business operations. These tools are a means to enhancement, once you outgrow your SMB solutions.
However, when considering the market and the software available within it, these tools lead the point pack. This post was written by admin on January 18, 2017. Want To Be Agile? Stop Doing #8220;Projects.#8221; On Feb 9, 2013, at reflection 9:57 PM, someone wrote: Now#8230;.did you agree that there is #8216;some stuff#8217; that needs to georgetown resume, be done before sprinting? No, I didn#8217;t agree with that. Give me a product vision, a small cross-functional self-organizing team, a team room, some Post It notes, and of english class a MacBook and we#8217;ll get you some kind of working, tested product in two weeks. Actually we can borrow the Post Its and MacBook from somewhere. The other stuff (a fully-refined Product Backlog, complete environment set up, release plan, budget projections, market analysis, etc.) is nice to have, but not essential to start learning through empirical feedback. This is true even for #8220;big#8221; products #8212; we#8217;ll learn more about alex blanc book report, how many teams we might eventually need by starting with one team.
Start small does not equal end small , though it#8217;s also possible we#8217;ll learn our one good team in one room gets more done than 20 mediocre geographically dispersed teams would have anyway. This is unconventional, probably offends PMBOK* enthusiasts. The organizations that learn it sooner will be the quicker ones to discover their users#8217; real needs. Reflection Of English Class Essay. The organization may say it needs all kinds of project initiation activities, to accommodate people#8217;s comfort, just as my daughter may need me to check under her bed for monsters.** So as a practical matter we may need to appease those people. This doesn#8217;t mean there really were monsters under the bed.
#8220;Project#8221; and #8220;project execution#8221; are 20th Century concepts, perhaps useful for building skyscrapers and stuff with huge startup costs and exponential cost of how the structure is related essay, change curves. Reflection Essay. But an impediment when it comes to Agile product development. Russian A-level. * The #8220;Guide to the Project Manager#8217;s Body of Knowledge#8221; is a compendium of obsolete management techniques, updated every year by the Project Management Institute with more obsolete techniques. Agilists know there are really only two misconceptions in reflection of english essay, #8220;Project Management#8221;: projects , and management . ** Hypothetical analogy. She doesn#8217;t actually have me do this. This post was written by admin on February 10, 2013. A Thesis Last Sentence Introduction. Effort Estimation and Story Points Demystified. I recently worked with some teams in reflection, India that were obsessed with effort estimation. It turned out their real problem wasn#8217;t estimation, it was keeping the georgetown resume product in a properly tested, shippable state all the time #8212; the reflection class essay basic requirement of Scrum.
If the product is always shippable, and the user stories are always small, and the Product Owner is always prioritizing, we can always ship a product with the important stuff in must be the sentence in the, it. If we get some estimates wrong, it just means we#8217;ll omit the less important features. Class. This isn#8217;t a perfect situation, but it#8217;s much better than what most companies do: ship late, or ship untested. Agile teams generally use relative estimation approaches such as story points, sometimes a Fibonacci scale, sometimes an exponential scale. To learn how, watch this example of report, a Backlog Grooming Meeting. Of English Essay. Note that the Scrum team does not pay much attention to the points during the russian example Sprint Planning Meeting. Class Essay. They are mostly to help the Product Owner make forecasts. This post was written by admin on January 9, 2013.
Scrum Reference Card now available in English and Spanish. The English version of CollabNet#8217;s famous Scrum Reference Card has been downloaded over 20,000 times. A Spanish Scrum Reference Card is now also available, thanks to a thesis last sentence introduction, Martin Alaimo. Reference Card de Scrum ahora tambien en espanol! This post was written by reflection class essay, admin on January 8, 2013. Playing it SAFe, Can a Large Organization Become Agile Without Changing Anything? Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project. Simplicitythe art of maximizing the amount of work not doneis essential. Russian Coursework A-level. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams.
A three layer stack with proxy Product Owners in the bottom layer, enmeshed in coding teams. Somewhere above the pseudo-Product Owners, other silos contain the stuff we usually consider Product Owner work: vision, product management, release management, portfolio management. In our experience it#8217;s better for self-organizing teams to work directly with the of english *real* decision makers responsible for the vision as it emerges. The Scrum Product Owner was never supposed to alex point report, be an reflection class essay artificially elevated middle manager. Russian Coursework A-level. According to Kent Beck, the first known XP project failed because the #8220;Goal Donor#8221; was not the #8220;Gold Owner.#8221; We want regular face to face contact between business decision makers and development teams so all learn from reflection of english essay, each other. Teams contain #8220;Developers Testers#8221; but UX, architecture, integration (by the #8220;System Team#8221;), and #8220;release train engineering#8221; occur elsewhere.
In Scrum, these are team responsibilities, so we want truly cross-functional teams, usually with business requirements experts, UI/UX designers, etc. right on the teams. Scrum encourages a rigorous definition of done. Last Sentence. Teams will be more Agile if they learn to integrate their work with other teams. Reflection Of English Essay. This will be difficult at scale, but coordination roles only make this worse. Somewhere up in the whipped cream layer of this cake we find czars such as the #8220;Enterprise Architect#8221; working on #8220;Architectural Epics#8221; guaranteed to lead to architectural bloat. I assume this was created to appease senior technical guys who have grown rusty at everything but PowerPoint. One place I worked with found their (waterfall era) Architecture Center Of Excellence ivory tower to be such a huge impediment they disbanded it and put the architects right on Scrum development teams, right in the team rooms. An assigned #8220;architect#8221; role is utterly incompatible with the stem cell research be banned essay Agile principle #8220;The best architectures, requirements, and of english class essay designs emerge from self-organizing teams.#8221; Scrum teams are responsible for the design of the software they build. If we must use multiple teams on one product/portfolio and we believe in team self organization, ScrumMasters must create environments that encourage teams to coordinate with each other through communities of practice, not implementation czars. This post was written by admin on January 2, 2013. Community Development A coding community.
I work mostly with software teams in rider report, large organizations. One things I#8217;ve noticed is that the class vast majority (all?) tend to research be banned, work in a very siloed manner. Essay. Whether by design or default, the good news is thesis that this serves to insulate each of the teams from unwanted changes to the systems and infrastructure. But it also cause issues, because it is highly inefficient. Not only of english essay, are the stem research be banned administrative overheads impacted, IP is not shared and of english class essay expertise is not leveraged. Centralizing and consolidating IT software assets is the foundation upon which organizations can implement a robust coding community that promotes collaboration and sharing across enterprise teams. Flood Thesis. A coding community relies upon the implementation of a community architecture to of english essay, provide the facilities for data sharing, structured data, and enabling communities to work together in the development and delivery of software applications. Key aspects of the Community include the following:
• The Community must include social forums for ad-hoc collaboration between distributed team members. Such forums might include wiki-based knowledgebase containing a central and searchable repository of comments, code snippets, libraries and other valuable assets. • Team members from any part of the organization can benefit from enhanced visibility and coursework a-level search across the enterprise. Subject to the security constraints of the specific business, the more visibility given to reflection essay, developers, the russian a-level more access to those valuable IT assets is provided, the more productive those developers can be. Sharing in a safe and controlled environment is of english essay a huge boost to productivity. Cell Be Banned Essay. • Just like any other part of an enterprises’ IT environment, comprehensive governance is a necessity. The community architecture that is put in reflection of english essay, place to foster re-use must also reflect the governance and security mandates of the individual enterprise. • To the russian degree possible, it is often useful to enhance third-party collaboration in the coding community.
This extends re-use and cooperation beyond the of english class essay firewall. Done well, a development community can help a disparate, fractured and distributed staff in how the of proteins is related function, the development organization find common architectural foundations, share best practices, communicate more effectively. Outside of the development organization, a Community Architecture can break down the barriers and bridge the gaps between non-technical business people and the developer community. Here#8217;s an interesting White Paper on reflection class essay, Social Coding. This post was written by admin on January 3, 2012. A Thesis Be The Sentence. A colleague of reflection, mine, Michael James, just posted his Introduction to how the structure of proteins is related function essay, Scrum video on YouTube I think is the right length and depth for an overview it#8217;s not so short as to be trite (or worse, incorrect), but it#8217;s not an exhaustive examination of Scrum either. This video is good prep for people who are planning to enter a CSM class and reflection of english class don#8217;t want to go in cold.
It is also good for stakeholders around the company who want an cell be banned understanding of Scrum so that they can work better with their development teams. I#8217;d be very interested in hearing your views of this video. The complete series is also available, providing most of the information you need to class, pass the Certified Scrum Master or Professional Scrum Master exams: Here#8217;s a lower-quality version of the first one: This post was written by admin on December 20, 2011. On October 27th, I co-presented the webinar, “A Marriage Made in Heaven: Agile and Project Portfolio Management”, with Russ King, Vice President, Product Development, Results Positive, Inc. and georgetown Caleb Brown, Systems Engineer at CollabNet. We explored the benefits of reflection of english class, marrying Agile Project Management and PPM and we did a live demo showing this using HP’s PPM solution and curt flood thesis CollabNet’s ScrumWorks Pro to demonstrate the powerful capabilities of essay, managing a resource constrained project portfolio.
Judging by the number of questions, the audience was clearly heavily engaged. We had a 15 minute QA and did not come close to answering all of the questions, so I’ve listed most of them here and provided a response. I also encourage you to try ScrumWorks Pro for free. As promised, here’s the russian a-level follow up to the live audience questions. Q: How feasible is Agile on Projects Programs?
A: Agile is typically thought of in the context of of english, individual projects. Georgetown Resume. Companies sometimes fail to reflection of english class, scale that paradigm to a program level, where the curt thesis program is a superset of multiple projects, each running its own lifecycle and release plan. The trick is to reflection class essay, weave those separate lines of rider blanc book, development (projects) into a coherent and seamless deliverable (program). The complexity comes in gathering meaningful metrics and planning releases that thread the elements together. This is exceedingly difficult to do manually. CollabNet’s ScrumWorks Pro is a tool that can make this manageable. Reflection Of English Class. It supports the resume planning of complex releases that weave in multiple development threads.
Q: Will this process will be feasible for maintenance related projects (Incident handling, less than 8 hours development works, etc.,)? A: From the reflection essay PPM perspective, an individual defect is not in and of itself a project and as such, would not be tracked. What might be tracked is a larger group of maintenance items in curt flood thesis, the form of an Epic. From an Agile perspective, a bug report or defect is just another piece of deliverable business value, like a User Story or any other Product Backlog Item. Reflection Class. From a bug report, the product owner and curt flood team would create a Product Backlog Item (PBI), along with success criteria (definition of done). Class Essay. It is prioritized against all of the rider point other Product Backlog Item by the product owner. Again, multiple bugs/defects are often grouped in an Epic.
Q: It seems the PPM is geared toward a waterfall process. It appears there is only visibility into the Development phase, but with agile, you could potentially address all phases within a single sprint. Is that just because of the reflection class essay way this implementation was set up or is it there isn#8217;t a true marriage of the agile within PPM? A: PPM in this scenario is focused on evaluating the ROI of be the sentence in the, different projects and deciding where to make investments. Agile is focused on execution of the projects that are chosen. That said, the scenario we propose makes the entire organization more Agile, in that the feedback loop is instantaneous. This allows those that are making the investment decisions to adapt and make course corrections that are indicated by that feedback loop. The integration gives all team members the ability to work in a more Agile fashion, and gives Stakeholders and Project managers the ability to benefit from the reflection of english class essay faster feedback and data generated by should stem research essay, the team working this way.
Q: Can the tasks in Scrum WorksPro be connected to tasks, timelines in Source forge? A: Not with Sourceforge. Reflection Class Essay. However this is thesis possible with Collabnet Teamforge, the current commercial version of reflection class essay, Sourceforge. How The Structure Of Proteins To Their Function Essay. Q: Can you clarify what part of Agile PPM can be done in scrum works pro without need for HP PPM? A: ScrumWorks Pro is focused on project execution and project management. As such ScrumWorks does a number of things not accomplished in HP PPM. These include PBI tracking and prioritization, Task management sprint planning, release planning, team velocity, forecasting, and many other functions related to the management of an of english class essay Agile project. Stem Research Be Banned Essay. Q: So are you proposing (in the demo) to combine a phase/waterfall planning and design phase, but then execute in an agile framework? A: Combining HP PPM and reflection of english essay ScrumWorks Pro adds to the agility of the entire organization.
Feedback loops between the sentence development team and the PMO are enhanced allowing the PMO to make course corrections required. I would not say that as a result the entire enterprise has become agile – only that they’ve become more agile. Generally, we do not see many organizations that practice a pure version of ANY methodology –be it Agile or otherwise. The reality is that organizations have a mix of class essay, methodologies, like Scrum, Kanban, Waterfall, hybrids, etc. Different teams in large organizations will often build software differently, so the flood challenge is to roll up the data from reflection of english essay, those disparate teams. Despite their differences, there are a number of common metrics you can track regardless of project type. These include actual cost versus budgeted cost, scope change, personnel/resource change, delivery dates, and others. Tools like ScrumWorks and HP PPM do a good job in tracking these kinds of numbers.
Q: Continuing from the first question, from a portfolio perspective, having #8220;#8221;open-ended#8221;#8221; project budgets within the Agile/SDLC process is not in the best interest of my customer. How does budget planning and alex blanc report Agile development work together while still having some control over costs? A: Project prioritization and class the associated budgeting/funding are is under the purview of the PPM tools. The agile project management tool tracks the amount of time individuals spend on the project. The integration between the HP PPM tool and the Agile Project Management tool, allows you to easily compare budgets against actuals. Q: In agile, what are the differences between being adaptive to late changes in requirements within a sprint and scope change?
A: Scope change refers to any added or subtracted scope, typically measured in russian coursework, some form of relative effort unit like Story Points. As such, scope may be added as a team discovers more about an existing requirement. In other words, if the reflection class team finds out that a requirement is more complex than was originally envisioned, they may re-estimate the number of story points and this might add scope to a sprint. A-level. The opposite could also be true. Whether this occurs because of of english class, a discovery inside a sprint or outside of structure of proteins is related to their, it doesn’t change the class nature of how it is tracked or reported upon. Q: When a committed backlog item could not be completed in a sprint, naturally it holds the top most priority in the following sprint. How does ScrumWorks helps in tracking this item from the beginning to end?
A: An unfinished PBI may or may not be a high enough priority in a future sprint. The determination is a thesis be the last sentence in the made by essay, the product owners. In any event, any activity against that PBI is tracked. Tasks completed that relate to structure of proteins is related function essay, that PBI are tracked, as are those that were uncompleted. Q: What certification do CollabNet-trained scrum masters receive? A: Those who attend one of our Certified Scrum Master or Certified Product Owner training are eligible to take the exam deliver by the Scrum Alliance. It should be noted that CollabNet is reflection of english essay one of the leaders in ScrumMaster product Owner training. We have more Certified Scrum Trainers on how the structure of proteins to their function, staff than any other vendor, and we’ve trained more than 12,000 ScrumMasters. We also give away free online Scrum Master training to supplement the certified training. Of English Class Essay. Q: If an organization wants to be able to report a metric of time to resolution for individual PBIs, what settings are available in this integration to include/exclude a PBI from the current active lists so that a countdown starts appropriately? A: Forecast reports in ScrumWorks can be filtered on any number of aspects, allowing a user to deliver estimates on how the to their, individual tasks, Stories, Epics or Themes.
By the way, you can try out ScrumWorks Pro either in a hosted environment or as a free download. This post was written by admin on November 15, 2011. ScrumMaster Checklist and Scrum Reference Card. An adequate ScrumMaster can handle two or three teams at a time. If you#8217;re content to of english class, limit your role to organizing meetings, enforcing timeboxes, and responding to the impediments people explicitly report, you can get by with part time attention to this role.
The team will probably still exceed the baseline, pre-Scrum expectation at your organization, and probably nothing catastrophic will happen. But if you can envision a team that has a great time accomplishing things you didn#8217;t previously consider possible, within a transformed organization #8212; consider being a great ScrumMaster. Check out the ScrumMaster Checklist written by Michael James. Rider Point Report. It will help you gauge the progress of your agile teams and help you answer questions like: • How is class essay my Product Owner doing? • How is coursework my team doing? • How are our engineering practices doing? • How is the reflection essay organization doing? To learn about Scrum from entertaining cartoon characters, see the curt flood thesis Scrum Training Series. Michael has also written the Scrum Reference Card, a valuable reference document for anyone practicing Scrum or other Agile disciplines. This post was written by admin on November 19, 2010. The Scrum Alliance has published a new whitepaper called “Coaching is Key for Scrum Success” which outlines some of the class problems organizations face when implementing Scrum, how Scrum coaching can help, and what to look for how the structure is related function essay, in a Scrum coach. Most organizations run into essay, issues when first implementing Scrum. Rather than let these problems continue to plague the Agile implementation and jeopardize the risk of success, many organizations find that working with a Scrum coach early in the process helps to structure, avoid “Scrum-But” and reverting to old ways of doing things.
Scrum coaches can also help to minimize learning curves, resolve organizational impediments and identify potential stumbling blocks early on. Scrum coaches help to streamline agile transformation by bringing an outside view of the of english essay organization to remove intrinsic bias and taking the time pressure off the product line managers by providing guidance and structure of proteins to their essay management of the Scrum implementation. What should you look for in a good Scrum coach? First, a good Scrum coach should be experienced, accredited and an active and respected member of the Scrum community. They should be knowledgeable about Scrum and reflection essay organizational cultures and exhibit strong leadership, collaboration and communication skills. Lastly they should be inspirational and able to structure of proteins to their essay, inspire teams to change and try ways of reflection class, doing things.
If you are interested in reading this whitepaper you can download it for free on the Scrum Alliance website: http://www.scrumalliance.org/resources/1879. If you are interested in learning more about private coaching and what it can do for your organization, we invite you to talk to one of our Scrum trainers and coaches. Visit http://www.danube.com/company/bios. This post was written by admin on September 15, 2010.
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Essay: The Smart Emergency First Aid Kit. The smart emergency first aid kit would be convenient and easy to use by a normal technical person. Class Essay! It would be having compartment of materials to structure is related essay, be used during particular emergency which would show LED indication. Simultaneously it will show the instructions related to particular emergency on LCD. It would also give an reflection class essay indication for the refilling of the compartments when they are empty. Rider Point Book Report! It would also have an additional feature of pre-recorded instructions in local language useful for guiding the laymen handling the emergency case. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION. 1.1 What is a First Aid Kit? Currently available first aid kits are mainly used during: Accidents- cuts, wounds, injuries, fractures.
Emergencies- Absence of breathing, absence of heartbeat, choking, sunstroke, drowning, electric shock, poisoning. It comprises of: Band aids and elastic bandages. Gauze and Adhesive tape. Antiseptic wipes and cotton wool. Safety pins and Scissors. Fig.
1(a) Ordinary First aid kits. Courtesy: Meditrain first aid kits. 1.2 Aim #038; Objective of the Project. Developing an innovative Smart Emergency First Aid Kit to cater different medical emergencies. Following medical emergencies would be covered: 6. Of English Essay! Unconscious not breathing. 7. Unconscious breathing.
1.3 Problem Identification: The following are the problems that are faced: No first aid kit available in the market which caters all or major medical emergencies. Improperly assembled kits. Inefficient interface between user and stem cell research essay a kit. No serial communication or software integration with kit. No telemedicine integrated first aid kit. No Innovative design to cater individualized industry specific kit. Peripheral areas of the country having dispensaries are unable treat the patients effectively during emergencies. Fig.1 (b) Currently available first aid kit.
Courtesy: Meditrain first aid kits. CHAPTER 2: PROJECT DESCRIPTION. The Smart Emergency First Aid Kit is the of english essay, device containing a collection of materials useful for how the structure of proteins, giving first aid to the person suffering from an emergency. Reflection Of English Class Essay! During any emergency conditions, a layman would feel it difficult to help the stem essay, person in emergency due to essay, physical or mental instability developed by looking at curt thesis, the emergency condition. We have worked upon this condition and developed a novel kit where in a layman-ordinary person can help the person in emergency by following the essay, predefined and simplified steps. These steps (protocols) have been defined using our extensive research and data collection from clinicians working in georgetown resume emergency department of renowned hospitals. The steps to be followed pertaining to any defined emergency has three potential ways of reflection essay, communication with the user. Georgetown Resume! First, once the switch pertaining to predefined emergency is pressed, the materials required for the emergency gives LED indication in the compartments.
This helps the of english class, user to easily identify the book report, materials required for reflection, particular emergency. Second, the predefined steps which needs to be followed pertaining to particular emergency has a visual display in be the last sentence in the the form instructions. Third, there are predefined audio instructions pertaining to particular emergency which will help user to reflection of english, follow the steps easily. The kit is a well-organized and comprises of compartments for arranging the resume, materials according to the emergencies. In addition, there is a provision of indication for of english, refilling the supplies whenever the compartment is empty.
2.2 Layout of the alex rider blanc book report, kit: Fig.2 (a) Layout of the smart First Aid Kit. 2.3 Description of the kit: Push buttons are provided to select a particular type of reflection of english, emergency. There are total 10 push buttons. One push button is assigned to one emergency condition in following manner: 1.2 Heart attack. 1.6 Unconscious not breathing. 1.7 Unconscious breathing. LCD display will show the instructions related to particular emergency when it is selected.
There are LED indicators provided which will glow when a particular material is georgetown resume, required during the specific emergency. Example: If 1 button is pushed then for bleeding as the required materials are cotton and class sterile piece of cloth and bandage then the compartments having these materials will be indicated by their respective LEDs. 4. Weight Sensors: Weight sensors will be IR sensors which will be in each compartment. This will show that the particular compartment is empty or is filled. If it shows red indication it means compartment is empty and needs to be refilled. If it shows green indication it means that the compartment is not empty. 5. Instructions to be displayed: Immobilize the injured part. Don’t remove the bandage.
LED: 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. 5.2 Heart attack. Chew and swallow an how the structure of proteins aspirin. Begin CPR if unconscious. Immobilize the class, injured part. Don’t move the injured part. LED: 3, 8, 9, 10, 12.
Keep the person still. Stop any bleeding. Watch for breathing. If not give CPR. LED:2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. Stop bleeding using sanitary pads. 5.6 Unconscious not breathing. If not give CPR. Lay down on the back. 5.7 Unconscious breathing.
Give CPR if irregular breathing. Keep the person warm. Give sugar to resume, avoid faint. Lay on the back. Place other hand on the first hand. Give 100 compressions per minute. Remove sharp objects.
Soft thing under head. Hospital within 24 hrs. Cooling pads on head. Hospital within 1 hr. CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY. 3.1 Block Diagram. Fig.3 (a) Block diagram. 1) ATmega 2560 R3: The Arduino Mega 2560 is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega2560.
It has 54 digital input/output pins (of which15 can be used as PWM outputs), 16 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (hardware serial ports), a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to reflection, get started. The Mega is compatible with most shields designed for the Arduino Duemilanove or Diecimila. 2) Weight Sensors: IR sensors. Infrared sensors are the sensor which helps to detect whether a particular object is coursework a-level, present or not.
These will be present in of english each compartment for the purpose of refilling the materials. 20*4 LCD display for the display of the instructions related to the particular emergency. It is 20 character 4 line displays. 4) LED Indicators: LEDs to indicate particular material to be used during the should stem be banned essay, particular type of an emergency. Reflection Of English Class Essay! Also it will indicate that a particular material is present or not. Database includes the georgetown, information regarding each emergency and instructions to of english, be displayed on be the last sentence in the introduction, the LCD screen . These instructions will be fed in the controller. 6) Micro SD Memory Card Socket:
The memory card socket is reflection of english, used to store the instruction in the different languages if the person is unable to coursework a-level, read the instructions displayed on of english essay, the LCD screen. 3.3 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION: a) ATmega 2560 R3: The Arduino Mega 2560 is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega2560. It has 54 digital input/output pins (of which 15 can be used as PWM outputs), 16 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (hardware serial ports), a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. The Mega is compatible with most shields designed for the Arduino Duemilanove or Diecimila. The Mega 2560 is an update to the Arduino Mega which it replaces. The Mega2560 differs from all preceding boards in stem be banned essay that it does not use the FTDI USB-to-serial driver chip. Reflection Essay! Instead, it features the ATmega16U2 (ATmega8U2 in resume the revision 1 and revision 2 boards) programmed as a USB-to-serial converter. Revision 2 of the Mega2560 board has a resistor pulling the 8U2 HWB line to ground, making it easier to put into DFU mode. Revision 3 of the board has the following new features:
Added SDA and SCL pins that are near to the AREF pin and two other new pins placed near to the RESET pin, the IOREF that allow the shields to adapt to the voltage provided from the board. In future, shields will be compatible both with the board that use the AVR, which operate with 5V and reflection with the Arduino Due that operate with 3.3V. The second one is a not connected pin that is reserved for future purposes. Stronger RESET circuit. Atmega 16U2 replace the 8U2. Schematic, Reference Design #038; Pin Mapping. Operating Voltage 5V. Input Voltage (recommended) 7-12V. Input Voltage (limits) 6-20V. Digital I/O Pins 54 (of which 15 provide PWM output)
Analog Input Pins 16. DC Current per I/O Pin 40 mA. DC Current for 3.3V Pin 50 mA. Flash Memory 256 KB of point book report, which 8 KB used by boot loader. Clock Speed 16 MHz. The Arduino Mega can be powered via the USB connection or with an external power supply.
The power source is selected automatically. External (non-USB) power can come either from an AC-to-DC adapter (wall-wart) or battery. Class! The adapter can be connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug into the board’s power jack. Leads from a battery can be inserted in the Gnd and Vin pin headers of the POWER connector. The board can operate on structure essay, an external supply of 6 to 20 volts. Of English Essay! If supplied with less than 7V, however, the 5V pin may supply less than five volts and the board may be unstable. If using more than 12V, the voltage regulator may overheat and damage the board. The recommended range is 7 to 12 volts. The power pins are as follows: The input voltage to the Arduino board when it’s using an external power source (as opposed to 5 volts from the russian a-level, USB connection or other regulated power source). You can supply voltage through this pin, or, if supplying voltage via the power jack, access it through this pin.
This pin outputs a regulated 5V from the regulator on the board. The board can be supplied with power either from the DC power jack (7 – 12V), the USB connector (5V), or the VIN pin of the board (7-12V). Supplying voltage via the reflection of english class, 5V or 3.3V pins bypasses the regulator, and can damage your board. We don’t advise it. A 3.3 volt supply generated by rider point book the on-board regulator. Maximum current draw is 50 mA. This pin on the Arduino board provides the voltage reference with which the microcontroller operates.
A properly configured shield can read the reflection of english, IOREF pin voltage and select the appropriate power source or enable voltage translators on coursework a-level, the outputs for working with the class essay, 5V or 3.3V. The ATmega2560 has 256 KB of curt flood, flash memory for storing code (of which 8 KB is used for the boot loader), 8 KB of SRAM and 4 KB of EEPROM (which can be read and written with the EEPROM library) Input and Output: Each of the reflection of english class essay, 54 digital pins on the Mega can be used as an input or output, using pin Mode(), digitalWrite() and digitalRead() functions. They operate at structure is related function essay, 5 volts. Each pin can provide or receive a maximum of 40mA and essay has an russian coursework internal pull-up resistor (disconnected by reflection essay default) of 20-50 kOhms. In addition, some pins have specialized. Serial: 0 (RX) and coursework a-level 1 (TX); Serial 1: 19 (RX) and 18 (TX); Serial 2: 17 (RX) and 16 (TX); Serial 3: 15 (RX) and 14 (TX).
Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data. Pins 0 and 1 are also connected to the corresponding pins of the ATmega16U2 USB-to-TTL Serial chip. 2 (interrupt 0), 3 (interrupt 1), 18 (interrupt 5), 19 (interrupt 4), 20 (interrupt 3), and reflection of english class essay 21 (interrupt 2). These pins can be configured to be the last introduction, trigger an interrupt on a low value, a rising or falling edge, or a change in value. These pins support SPI communication using the SPI library. The SPI pins are also broken out on the ICSP header, which is physically compatible with the Uno, Duemilanove and Diecimila. 13. There is a built-in LED connected to digital pin 13.
When the pin is HIGH value, the LED is on, when the essay, pin is russian coursework a-level, LOW, it’s off. 20 (SDA) and 21 (SCL). Support TWI communication using the Wire library. Note that these pins are not in the same location as the TWI pins on the Duemilanove or Diecimila. The Mega2560 has 16 analog inputs, each of which provides 10 bits of resolution (i.e. 1024 different values). By default they measure from ground to 5 volts, though is it possible to change the upper end of their range using the reflection of english class, AREF pin and analog Reference() function. There are a couple of other pins on the board: AREF. Alex Rider Blanc! Reference voltage for reflection essay, the analog inputs. Used with analog Reference().
Bring this line LOW to reset the microcontroller. Typically used to add a reset button to shields which block the one on the board. The Arduino Mega2560 has a number of facilities for communicating with a computer, another Arduino, or other microcontrollers. The ATmega2560 provides four hardware UARTs for georgetown, TTL (5V) serial communication. An ATmega16U2 (ATmega 8U2 on the revision 1 and revision 2 boards) on the board channels one of these over USB and provides a virtual com port to software on the computer (Windows machines will need a .inf file, but OSX and Linux machines will recognize the board as a COM port automatically. The Arduino software includes a serial monitor which allows simple textual data to reflection of english, be sent to and from the board.
The RX and TX LEDs on alex point report, the board will flash when data is reflection of english class essay, being transmitted via the ATmega8U2/ATmega16U2 chip and USB connection to the computer (but not for serial communication on pins 0 and 1).A SoftwareSerial library allows for rider point blanc book, serial communication on any of the. Mega2560’s digital pins: The ATmega2560 also supports TWI and SPI communication. The Arduino software includes a Wire library to simplify use of the reflection of english, TWI bus; see the documentation (http://arduino.cc/en/Reference/Wire) for details. For SPI communication, use the SPI library. The Arduino Mega can be programmed with the Arduino software . The ATmega16U2 (or 8U2 in the rev1 and resume rev2 boards) firmware source code is available in the Arduino repository. The ATmega16U2/8U2 is loaded with a DFU bootloader, which can be activated by: On Rev1 boards: connecting the solder jumper on the back of the board (near the map of Italy) and class essay then resetting the georgetown resume, 8U2. On Rev2 or later boards: there is a resistor that pulling the 8U2/16U2 HWB line to ground, making it easier to put into DFU mode. Reflection Class! You can then use. Atmel’s FLIP software to load a new firmware.
Or you can use the ISP header with an external programmer. Automatic (Software) Reset. Rather then requiring a physical press of the alex point blanc report, reset button before an of english class upload, the Arduino Mega2560 is designed in a way that allows it to be reset by russian coursework software running on a connected computer. One of the hardware flow control lines (DTR) of the ATmega8U2 is. connected to of english essay, the reset line of the ATmega2560 via a 100 nanofarad capacitor. When this line is asserted (taken low), the reset line drops long enough to reset the chip. The Arduino software uses this capability to flood thesis, allow you to upload code by simply pressing the upload button in the Arduino environment.
This means that the bootloader can have a shorter timeout, as the lowering of reflection class, DTR can be well-coordinated with the start of the upload. This setup has other implications. When the Mega2560 is connected to either a computer running Mac OS X or Linux, it resets each time a connection is made to it from software (via USB). For the following half-second or so, the bootloader is running on the Mega2560. While it is alex point blanc, programmed to reflection of english class essay, ignore malformed data (i.e. Rider Point Book! anything besides an upload of new code), it will intercept the first few bytes of reflection of english, data sent to thesis, the board after a connection is reflection of english, opened. If a sketch running on the board receives one-time configuration or other data when it first starts, make sure that the software with which it communicates waits a second after opening the resume, connection and reflection class essay before sending this data. The Mega2560 contains a trace that can be cut to disable the how the is related, auto-reset.
The pads on either side of the trace can be soldered together to re-enable it. Reflection Of English Essay! It’s labeled “RESET-EN”. You may also be able to flood thesis, disable the auto-reset by connecting a 110 ohm resistor from 5V to the reset line. USB Overcurrent Protection: The Arduino Mega2560 has a resettable polyfuse that protects your computer’s USB ports from shorts and overcurrent. Class Essay! Although most computers provide their own internal protection, the fuse provides an extra layer of protection. Coursework A-level! If more than 500 mA is applied to the USB port, the fuse will automatically break the connection until the short or overload is class, removed.
Physical Characteristics and Shield Compatibility. The maximum length and width of the Mega2560 PCB are 4 and 2.1 inches respectively, with the must sentence introduction, USB connector and power jack extending beyond the former dimension. Three screw holes allow the reflection of english class, board to be attached to a surface or case. Note that the distance between digital pins 7 and stem cell research be banned 8 is 160 mil (0.16?), not an even multiple of the 100 mil spacing of the other pins. The Mega2560 is designed to reflection class essay, be compatible with most shields designed for the Uno, Diecimila or Duemilanove. Digital pins 0 to 13 (and the adjacent AREF and GND pins), analog inputs 0 to last sentence in the, 5, the power header, and reflection of english essay ICSP header are all in equivalent locations. Further the main UART (serial port) is located on the same pins (0 and 1), as are external interrupts 0 and 1 (pins 2 and 3 respectively).
SPI is available through the last in the, ICSP header on both the Mega2560 and Duemilanove / Diecimila. Please note that I2C is not located on essay, the same pins on the Mega (20 and rider point blanc 21) as the Duemilanove / Diecimila (analog inputs 4 and 5). Fig. Reflection Of English! 3(b) Arduino mega 2560 R3 board. Fig. 3(c) Arduino mega 2560 R3 Schematic. DISPLAY CONTENT’20 CHAR x 4ROW. c) IR proximity sensor: Fig.
3(e) IR sensor. IR proximity sensor module has 3 pins. One pin is VCC, one pin is Ground and a thesis must last one pin is Negative. By connecting it to LED and resistor we can obtain the essay, interfacing with LED which is used for LED indication. d) Micro SD memory card and socket. Accepts standard Micro SD memory cards for mounting in your embedded projects.
These are the stem cell essay, same sockets we use in our Micro SD memory card interface boards model 1102 and 1103 and reflection of english they work great. The Micro SD memory cards are the curt, same memory cards used in mobile phones which are available at reflection, very low cost, making it ideal for using in be the last in the introduction embedded projects like memory card storage, audio mp3 players and reflection class such. The socket is Push Push type, means. ‘ Push again to Eject. Fig. 3(f) Micro SD memory card and socket. CHAPTER 4: SOFTWARE PROGRAMMING. #define SD_ChipSelectPin 53 //example uses hardware SS pin 53 on Mega2560. const byte ROWS = 4; //four rows. const byte COLS = 3; //four columns. //define the cymbols on should stem cell, the buttons of the keypads.
byte rowPins[ROWS] = ; //connect to the row pinouts of the keypad. byte colPins[COLS] = ; //connect to the column pinouts of the keypad. //initialize an instance of class NewKeypad. Keypad customKeypad = Keypad( makeKeymap(hexaKeys), rowPins, colPins, ROWS, COLS); // initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins. LiquidCrystal lcd(14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19); TMRpcm tmrpcm; // create an object for use in this sketch. // set up the LCD’s number of columns and rows: // Print a message to the LCD. tmrpcm.speakerPin = 11; //5,6,11 or 46 on Mega, 9 on Uno, Nano, etc.
return; // don’t do anything more if not. char customKey = customKeypad.getKey(); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” Dirt, Immobilize “); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(“Don’t remove bandage”); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” Begin CPR “); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(“Chew and swallow an “); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(“Stop bleeding#038; Apply”); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(“move injured part…”); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(” Keep person still “); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” Stop any bleeding “); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(“Watch for breathing “); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(” If not give CPR…”); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(“Stop bleeding using “); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” sanitary pad, “); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(” Check Breathing, “); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” If not give CPR, “); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(” Loosen Clothes, “); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(“Lay down on the back”); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” CPR if irregular “); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(” Lay on reflection, the back, “); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(“place other hand on “); lcd.setCursor(0,2);lcd.print(“first hand#038;Give 100 “); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(“thing under head. “); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(” Using soap, wash “); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(” throughly bitten “); lcd.setCursor(0,3);lcd.print(” within 24 hours…”); lcd.setCursor(0,0);lcd.print(“Cooling pads on head”); lcd.setCursor(0,1);lcd.print(“Hospital within 1 hr”); void led1(int i,int j,int k,int l) void led2(int i,int j,int k,int l) void led3(int i,int j,int k,int l,int m) CHAPTER 5: LITERATURE REVIEW. 5.1 AIM: First aid kit and method of replenishing. Includes a carrying case which has means for providing quick access to the contents carried by the case. Each pack being designated a colour, each pack being designated by an icon, and thesis each pack containing medical products for reflection class essay, different types of first aid situations. Guidebook which have a matching colour to the pack. The first aid kit further including an overview card which includes an overview of the packs, the overview card being color coordinated to assist the user in finding the flood thesis, appropriate pack for of english essay, a situation, the overview card further being icon coordinated to assist the user in structure to their function essay finding the of english essay, appropriate pack for a situation. Fig. 5(a) First aid kit and method of replenishing.
5.2 AIM: First-aid kit. Body attached first aid kit. Specially designed for battle field. Pockets designed according to the equipments. flap adapted to overlie the upper open edge over the false one preventing the materials from rain. Materials covered in this are standard size of thesis, bottle of Morphine, hypodermic needle, individual swabs, special bandage cutting scissors,splints,thermos bottle etc. Invention is to provide a body-attached first aid kit for use in emergency field work, which kit does not hinder the movement of the wearer and reflection class is adapted to be opened from the russian coursework, carried position with all pockets and equipment items in the proper position for use while the wearer is administering first aid to the patient. Fig. 5(b) First aid kit during military services. 5.3 AIM: Emergency burn treatment pack. Comprises of of english, soft resilient foam material adapted to support a patient lying on said foam material,
A sterile sheet on said foam material interspersed between said foam material and a patient lying on said foam material and adapted to completely cover and protect said patient from resume, contamination, and. a flexible outer covering having at least a pair of reflection class essay, cooperating interlocking portions completely encompassing said foam material, patient and said sterile sheet for how the of proteins to their, maintaining the sterile atmosphere about the patient. Required to check the pulse and class breathing issue. Openings are provided in the waterproof covering to provide access to the patient’s arms and should be banned legs for reflection of english, intravenous blood transfusions should that be necessary. A pair of flexible straps located on each side of the waterproof outer covering provide the means for curt thesis, transporting the patient while in the sterile and moist protective cocoon environment. Fig. 5(c) Emergency burn treatment pack. 5.4 AIM: Emergency medical care kit with medical emergency instructions.
Can be used by a laymen. Plastic organizer to insert the compartments. Each compartment for a particular medical emergency. A compartment for instruction and emergency telephone numbers. On one side there are necessary items for the medical emergencies and on the other side there are drugs related to primary relief.
Each compartment is directed to a particular medical emergency and is so identified on its cover or lid. The reverse side of the compartment cover has instructions for reflection of english essay, treating the particular emergency, while the compartment contains the necessary care items for a thesis must sentence, that particular emergency. A divider is class, held by snaps across the upper section of the case to help contain the contents and rider report also provides instruction for use of the kit, some general first aid information, and a list of emergency telephone numbers. Fig. 5(d) Medical organised care kit with instructions. 5.5 AIM: Emergency eye kit. Comprises of sterilized pads(2’*2?), drugs, extractors, lights, ointments, tape ,spray kind of flush systems etc.An emergency medical kit having a container with a hinged lid and a latch for use in reflection essay organizing and protecting ophthalmic instruments and supplies, such as sterilized pads, drugs, extractors, lights, ointments, tape and a thesis must last sentence in the introduction other items needed by a physician or emergency personnel working under the auspices of aphysician in rendering emergency medical assistance to a person suffering an eye injury. The container would have one or more compartmentalized trays so that the instruments and supplies would be separated from each other and readily available for use. The container may have a locking device to prevent unauthorized access to instruments and supplies stored within. The container would be lightweight and compact, so that it is readily portable and reflection of english class essay easily stored. It is contemplated for alex rider point report, the present invention to be used in any location where a physician or emergency personnel is called upon to diagnose and class essay treat someone who has suffered an eye injury, including, but not limited to, medical offices of non-ophthalmic physicians, accident sites, shopping malls, residences, sporting events, and rider report camping facilities.
Fig. 5(e) Emergency eye kit. 5.6 AIM: Emergency relief system. System comprises of reflection of english class essay, packs of guidebooks of the first aid for a thesis last sentence, the medical emergencies which gives the of english, idea about the instructions on how to use the products given in the pack during a particular medical emergency. The guide book is cell research be banned, color and icon coordinated to assist the person to quickly find the respective emergency pack.
It also contains an instruction guide in the video /audio format. Also there is a functional intelligence which gives the columnar array accordance to the packs kept in the system which results in the accuracy of the treatment related to first aid. Contains burn pack,bleeding pack,cpr pack,head and spine pack,shock pack,bite and sting pack,bum pack,bone pack etc. The first aid kit further includes an overview card that is an overview of the components of the reflection, first aid kit, identifying each of the alex point book report, packs for quick reference in a first aid situation. Each of the packs contains medical products specifically selected for of english essay, different types of flood, first aid situations as well as an instructional card that gives quick reference instructions for administration of reflection class, first aid in curt flood thesis these situations.
Fig. 5(f) Emergency relief system. 5.7 AIM: Portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit. CN 202909126 U, 2013. The utility model discloses a portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit and relates to a first aid medicine containing device for a patient who has coronary heart disease. The portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit comprises an elastic hanging rope, a box body, a box cover, a moving picture experts group audio layer-3 (MP3) integrated voice storage sounding device, and a time-delay starting switch. The MP3 integrated voice storage sounding device is reflection class, arranged at the lower end of the georgetown resume, box body. The portable voice guidance coronary hear disease first aid kit is convenient to carry and quick in taking medicine, and enables the patient to reflection of english, take first aid medicines timely, quickly and accurately by self at coronary heart disease attacking time. When the patient is incapable of self rescue, the rider point report, portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit is class essay, capable of automatic voice alarm for help, provides the name, the resume, address, illness conditions and first aid measures which can be taken, and therefore the purpose of reflection of english essay, first aid is achieved. The portable voice guidance coronary heart disease first aid kit is suitable for self rescue or being rescued at the coronary heart disease attacking time.
Fig. 5(g) Portable coronary heart disease first aid kit. CHAPTER 6: FUTURE EXPANSION. Different kits based on the needs of the industries like hospitals, industries i.e. pharmaceuticals, drugs etc. Application of Video conferencing. Increasing the emergencies and similarly its compartments. Making them more portable.
Implementation of russian coursework a-level, kits in rural areas and outskirts, crossroads, public places etc. Making it more portable, user friendly and more compatible. 5. Meditrain first aid kits. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Health essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to of english class essay, your essay question.
Just complete our simple order form and thesis you could have your customised Health work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Health essay was submitted to of english, us by curt flood thesis a student in order to reflection class essay, help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: The Smart Emergency First Aid Kit . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/health/essay-the-smart-emergency-first-aid-kit/ [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and flood no longer wish to have it published on reflection of english, our website then please click on the link below to cell, request removal:
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