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B-403249; B-403249.3, Apptis Inc., September 30, 2010. DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. The decision issued on the date below was subject to a GAO Protective Order. This redacted version has been approved for public release. Matter of: Apptis Inc. File: B-403249; B-403249.3. Date: September 30, 2010. Terry L. Elling, Esq., J. Scott Hommer III, Esq., and stella Dismas N. Locaria, Esq., Venable LLP, for the protester. Rand L. Allen, Esq., Kara M. Sacilotto, Esq., and Brian G. Walsh, Esq., Wiley Rein, LLP, for Booz Allen Hamilton, the intervenor.
James E. Hicks, Esq., Department of Justice, for the agency. For Resume. Jonathan L. Kang, Esq., and James A. Spangenberg, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision. 1. Protest that agency's discussions with offerors regarding their technical proposals were inadequate and unequal is denied where the record shows that, during discussions, the frank essay, agency identified significant weaknesses but did not identify non'significant weaknesses. 2. For Resume. Protest challenging the agency's evaluation of awardee's proposed compensation plan is denied where the record shows that the agency reasonably concluded that the awardee's proposed compensation plan was realistic for the work proposed. Apptis Inc., of Chantilly, Virginia, protests the frank stella, award of a contract to Booz Allen Hamilton (BAH), of McLean, Virginia, under request for proposals (RFP) No. DJD-10-R-0003, issued by the Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), for information security support services. Buzzword For Resume. Apptis challenges the DEA's conduct of frank stella, discussions concerning the offerors' technical proposals, the evaluation of the awardee's technical proposal, and the reasonableness of the selection decision.
We deny the protest. The RFP was issued on dear letters vietnam essay, December 18, 2009, and anticipated award of a labor-hour contract with fixed-price rates for a 1-year base period with four 1-year options. The DEA sought proposals to provide information security services in the following five areas: (1) information security program management, (2) information assurance, (3) communications security, (4) information security governance, and frank (5) incident management. Apptis is the incumbent contractor for these services. The solicitation advised offerors that proposals would be evaluated based on technical ability and for resume price. The technical evaluation was based on four factors: technical capabilities, past performance, personnel qualifications, and corporate capabilities. For purposes of award, the frank, RFP stated that the non-price factors were more important than price. RFP attach. 9. The DEA received proposals from 12 offerors, including Apptis and BAH, by the closing date of February 10, 2010. The agency evaluated each offeror's technical and price proposal, and assigned ratings based on on the, the four technical evaluation subfactors. The agency also rated each offeror's proposal as technically acceptable, conditionally acceptable, or unacceptable, and assigned an essay, overall rating of low, moderate, or high risk. Agency Report (AR), Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, The agency established a competitive range consisting of the four most highly rated proposals, including those of Apptis (94.1 points) and BAH (92.5 points)--the two most highly rated offerors.
AR, Tab 15, Competitive Range Memorandum, at 14. Beatrice And Benedick. As relevant here, the agency conducted discussions with Apptis concerning its price proposal, but did not ask the protester to address any issues regarding its technical proposal. AR, Tab 8, Apptis Discussion Questions, at 1. The agency conducted discussions with BAH regarding three significant weaknesses concerning its technical proposal and past performance, as well as issues concerning its price proposal. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. The agency received and evaluated revised proposals from the competitive range offerors. As relevant here, DEA concluded that BAH's revised proposal adequately addressed the agency's concerns regarding past performance and raised the awardee's score under that subfactor. The agency also concluded that BAH's responses to the discussion question regarding key personnel merited a reduction in its score for frank stella that subfactor. The agency's final evaluation of Apptis' and BAH's proposals was as follows: AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at for resume, 7, 12, 18.
In the frank stella, award decision, the dear from essay, source selection authority (SSA) found that, in light of their technical scores and proposed prices, the best value tradeoff analysis is essay, ultimately between Apptis and tudor homework help BAH. Frank Essay. Id. at 17. The SSA noted that [w]hile Apptis received the highest Technical score of any Offeror in the Competitive Range (94.1), they also proposed an overall price of $38,945.300.00, which is significantly higher than BAH's total proposed price of $33,275,408.00. Id. The SSA concluded that. the Offerors are virtually equal in terms of america letters, Technical abilities, and Apptis does not have sufficient technical superior to justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year. Given the ever-so-slight difference in Technical Score and large difference in essay price, it is customer, clear that BAH represents the best value to the Government. Id. at 18. DEA notified Apptis of the award to frank essay BAH, and provided a debriefing to the protester on July 1. This protest followed. Apptis argues that the essay, DEA conducted discussions with the offerors that were inadequate and unequal. Frank Stella. The protester also argues that the beatrice relationship, agency's evaluation of BAH's responses to discussions was unreasonable, that the awardee may perpetrate a bait and frank essay switch scheme regarding its proposed key personnel, and that the agency's evaluation of BAH's proposed compensation plan was unreasonable. Finally, the tudor homework help, protester argues that the selection decision was unreasonable.
We find no merit to any of the protester's arguments. Inadequate and Unequal Discussions. Frank. Apptis argues that the tudor homework help, agency conducted discussions that were inadequate and unequal, because the agency identified several concerns regarding BAH's technical proposal and past performance, but did not conduct discussions with Apptis concerning its technical proposal, even though weaknesses had been identified. In the initial evaluation, the frank stella, agency identified four weaknesses and bloody mary thesis statement three significant weaknesses in BAH's proposal, and eight weaknesses and no significant weaknesses in Apptis' proposal. AR, Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, at 2-8. During discussions, the agency asked BAH to address during discussions the one significant weakness under the essay, personnel qualifications subfactor concerning the lack of information for bloody mary statement its key personnel, and the two significant weaknesses under the past performance factor concerning the management of a subcontractor under a contract with [deleted], and a termination of a task order for cause/default by frank stella essay [deleted]. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. The agency also asked BAH to address five issues concerning its price proposal.
Id. For Apptis, the agency did not conduct discussions regarding its technical proposal, but asked the protester to address five questions concerning its price proposal. AR, Tab 8, Apptis Discussion Questions, The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requires agencies to conduct discussions with offerors in the competitive range concerning, at a minimum . . . deficiencies, significant weaknesses, and tudor adverse past performance information to which the offeror has not yet had an stella, opportunity to respond. FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3). When an agency engages in america letters from vietnam essay discussions with an offeror, the stella, discussions must be meaningful, that is, sufficiently detailed so as to lead an offeror into the areas of its proposal requiring amplification or revision in a manner to materially enhance the offeror's potential for receiving the tudor homework, award. FAR sect. 15.306(d); Bank of Am. , B-287608, B-287608.2, July 26, 2001, 2001 CPD para. Essay. 137 at 10-11.
In conducting exchanges with offerors, agency personnel also may not engage in customer conduct that . . Stella. . Buzzword. favors one offeror over another, FAR sect. 15.306(e)(1); in particular, agencies may not engage in what amounts to disparate treatment of the competing offerors. Front Line Apparel Group , B-295989, June 1, 2005, 2005 CPD para. 116 at 3-4. Frank Stella Essay. Here, the record shows that the agency identified numerous concerns regarding both offerors' technical proposals, which the agency viewed as either weaknesses or significant weaknesses. The agency did not provide discussions for beatrice and benedick essay either offeror regarding the weaknesses identified in the technical proposals that were not significant.
As our Office has consistently held, agencies are not required to afford offerors all-encompassing discussions or to discuss every aspect of frank stella, a proposal that receives less than the maximum score, and are not required to advise an offeror of dear vietnam, a minor weakness that is not considered significant, even where the weakness subsequently becomes a determinative factor in frank stella choosing between two closely ranked proposals. New Breed, Inc. , B-400554 et al. , Dec. 5, 2008, 2009 CPD para. 4. Although discussions must address deficiencies and significant weaknesses identified in proposals, the precise content of statement, discussions is largely a matter of the contracting officer's judgment. BS Transport, Inc. , B-402695, July 9, 2010, 2010 CPD para. 161 at frank, 6. America Letters From. We conclude that the agency's decision to conduct discussions concerning only significant weaknesses is consistent with the FAR and frank stella essay our decisions, and thus provides no basis to sustain the protest. Furthermore, because the agency did not discuss any non-significant weaknesses in the technical proposals with either BAH or Apptis, we think that the agency treated the offerors equally. The protester also contends that the agency's designation of the concerns regarding its technical proposal as weaknesses and the concerns regarding BAH's technical proposal as significant weaknesses was unreasonable. We think that the agency's characterizations were reasonable.
With regard to BAH, the agency stated that the awardee submitted limited personnel information under the help, key personnel subfactor, and that [w]ithout this information the depth of specific experience and breadth of overall experience of the Proposed Key Personnel could not be determined. Stella Essay. AR, Tab 13, Initial Technical Evaluation, at 8. The agency also identified two areas of adverse past performance by BAH that were found to on the and genocide be significant weaknesses. Id. We think that the agency reasonably viewed these concerns as significant weaknesses, as opposed to weaknesses. In contrast, none of the eight weaknesses identified in Apptis' technical proposal identified a deficiency or area of unacceptability, and none of the weaknesses cited in the technical evaluation were cited in the selection decision as areas of weakness. See AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 10-16. Frank Stella Essay. On this record, we think that the protester does not demonstrate that the agency unreasonably failed to holocaust and genocide characterize these weaknesses as significant weaknesses that required discussions, and conclude that the protester's disagreement with the agency's judgment here provides no basis to sustain the frank essay, protest. In sum, we find no merit to the protester's arguments concerning the conduct of discussions. BAH's Responses to Discussion Questions. Next, Apptis contends that the DEA's evaluation of BAH's responses to its discussion questions was unreasonable. As discussed above, the homework help, agency asked BAH to address significant weaknesses concerning its past performance and its proposed approach under the personnel qualifications subfactor.
The DEA asked BAH to address two negative past performance references: (1) a contract with [deleted] under which a dispute between BAH and a subcontractor led to the subcontractor's withdrawal from the contract, and (2) a contract with [deleted] that was terminated for cause/default based on the assignment of BAH personnel without the proper security clearance. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. BAH explained in its revised proposal that the concerns under the [deleted] contract arose from its management of a subcontractor regarding the agreement to initial contract terms and stella essay billing practices, which led to the subcontractor's withdrawal from the contract. The awardee stated that it replaced the subcontractor without any impact to the client, and implemented management practices to avoid similar problems in the future. AR, Tab 25, BAH Responses to Discussion Questions, [deleted] Past Performance, May 26, 2010, at 1-2. With regard to the termination under the [deleted] task order, BAH stated that the termination was the first and only termination for cause/default experienced by tudor homework help the company, the personnel assignments did not result in frank essay any improper disclosure of evaluation essay customer, classified materials, the problem was quickly resolved, and BAH still works for frank stella essay the same agency client under a different contract. Id. , [deleted] Past Performance, at america vietnam essay, 1-2. DEA concluded that BAH's responses to the past performance discussion questions adequately addressed the agency's concerns, and merited an increase in its past performance score from 26.7 to 27.0 points. AR, Tab 14, Final Technical Evaluation, at 3-4.
Apptis argues that the agency could not have reasonably raised BAH's technical score in response to the discussion questions because, in the protester's view, these were issues that could not be corrected. Protester's Comments at 30. The protester further argues that the stella essay, agency did not meaningfully consider the awardee's responses to the past performance questions, and merely accepted the buzzword for resume, protester's assurances regarding the corrective actions taken in response to frank stella the performance problems. We think that the agency reasonably concluded that BAH's responses to evaluation service the discussion questions addressed the agency's concerns and merited an increase in its evaluation score. As discussed above, the frank stella, FAR requires agencies to conduct discussions with offerors concerning, at a minimum, deficiencies, significance weaknesses, and adverse past performance information to which the offeror has not yet had an opportunity to respond.
FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3). We find no merit to the protester's argument that negative past performance information cannot be addressed or explained by an offeror in a way that casts a more positive light on that information, or that agencies are precluded from essay, finding that an offeror's explanation of negative information warrants an improved past performance rating. We also find no merit to the protester's argument that the agency merely accepted, without meaningful evaluation, the stella, protester's explanations regarding the essays holocaust and genocide, negative past performance information. In this regard, the agency's revised technical evaluation and the selection decision specifically discuss areas of BAH's discussion responses concerning BAH's corrective actions and frank preventative measures, which the agency viewed as providing confidence in the awardee's ability to avoid future performance problems.
See AR, Tab 14, Revised Technical Evaluation, at 4-5; Tab 12, Selection Decision, at beatrice relationship essay, 10. Frank Stella Essay. Next, the agency asked BAH to address the agency's concerns regarding its key personnel, in particular, concerns about the proposed individuals' experience and qualifications. AR, Tab 7, BAH Discussion Questions, at 1. The protester provided the requested information in customer its revised proposal. The agency concluded that the additional information demonstrated that the awardee's proposed project manager did not demonstrate significant experience, and stella essay that the resumes submitted for a consultant did not demonstrate experience with all of the statement of work (SOW) labor categories. AR, Tab 14, Final Technical Evaluation, at 4. On the basis of this evaluation, the agency lowered the awardee's score for this subfactor from 13.7 to 12.7 points. Tudor. Id. Apptis argues that the DEA should have viewed the weaknesses in BAH's response as more significant, and that they should have resulted in a lower score under the key personnel subfactor.
The protester's disagreement with the agency's judgment, however, provides no basis to sustain the protest. See VT Griffin Servs., Inc. , B'299869.2, Nov. 10, 2008, 2008 CPD para. 219 at 4. On this record, we conclude that the agency's evaluation of the awardee's responses to the discussions questions was reasonable. Bait and Switch of BAH Key Personnel. Next, Apptis argues that BAH engaged in an improper bait and frank essay switch scheme concerning its proposed key personnel.
Specifically, the dear letters, protester contends that one of its employees was aware of a conversation involving a DEA employee, in frank stella which it was stated that the agency knew that the holocaust and genocide, awardee would not provide personnel identified in its proposal. The protester also contends that emails sent to Apptis staff concerning the possibility of employment indicate an intent to substitute key personnel. An offeror may not propose to frank stella essay use specific personnel that it does not expect to use during contract performance, as doing so would have an adverse effect on the integrity of the competitive procurement system and generally provides a basis for proposal rejection. AdapTech Gen. Essays Holocaust And Genocide. Scientific, LLC , B-293867, June 4, 2004, 2004 CPD para. 126 at 5. To establish an impermissible bait and switch scheme, a protester must show that a firm either knowingly or negligently represented that it would rely on specific personnel that it did not expect to frank stella essay furnish during contract performance, and for resume that the misrepresentation was relied on by the agency and had a material effect on the evaluation results. Data Mgmt.
Servs. Joint Venture , B-299702, B-299702.2, July 24, 2007, 2007 CPD para. Essay. 139 at 10. Buzzword. The RFP required offerors to provide letters of commitment for individuals proposed for all key personnel positions. Frank. RFP Attach. 9, para. 3.1. BAH provided letters dated February 9, 2010 for six individuals proposed for key positions. AR, Tab 25, BAH Technical Proposal, Letters of Commitment, at 4, 7, 10, 14, 17, 20. The DEA states that it had no reason to question these letters of commitment, and bloody statement that it has not received any indication that the awardee will not provide the proposed key personnel. Contracting Officer's Statement at 15.
The protester nevertheless argues that it has identified evidence suggesting that BAH did not intend to essay provide the essay service, key personnel it proposed. Specifically, the protester provided a declaration of an Apptis employee, who states that he was privy to a conversation . Frank Stella Essay. . . with a DEA employee with direct knowledge and insight into relationship the Solicitation. Protest attach. 8, Decl. of Apptis Employee, at 1-2. The Apptis employee states that the conversation indicated that it was known by both BAH and the Agency that at least one, or more of the individuals identified, presumably including Key Personnel, in BAH's proposal would not actually be available to work on the Solicitation's resulting contract. Id. The agency states that it is not aware of any such conversation or aware of any intention by BAH not to provide its proposed key personnel. Furthermore, as the agency notes, the frank, declaration by tudor the Apptis employee does not identify the DEA employee, and essay does not state that the BAH employees discussed were key personnel.
In the absence of thesis statement, more specific information, we do not think that this declaration supports the protester's argument concerning an improper bait and switch scheme. The protester also argues that emails sent by BAH to Apptis staff on the incumbent contract indicate that the awardee intends to not provide the key personnel identified in its proposal. These emails, all of which contained the same text, were sent on July 2, 2010, by frank stella essay a BAH recruiter to Apptis staff who worked on the incumbent contract. The emails stated that the statement, BAH recruiter wanted to reach out to you to discuss some up and coming opportunities [BAH] is engaged in because you are familiar with the client as you are currently working for them (DEA Information Assurance Program). Supp.
Protest (July 8, 2010), attachs. Stella Essay. 1-6. The emails asked the Apptis employees to contact the BAH recruiter and america letters from vietnam essay provide a resume if they were interested. We do not think these emails demonstrate that BAH did not intend to provide the key personnel identified in its proposal. The emails do not indicate that the Apptis staff are being recruited by BAH to fill key personnel positions, and frank stella essay do not demonstrate that the awardee was seeking to replace the key personnel identified in its proposal. To the extent that the protester speculates that BAH's recruiting efforts suggest an dear letters from, improper bait and switch scheme, such speculation provides no basis to sustain the protest. See Kellogg Brown Root Servs., Inc. , B-298694.7, June 22, 2007, 2007 CPD para. 124 at 8 n.6. In sum, we do not think that the record shows that BAH misrepresented the availability of stella, its key personnel, or that the agency had any reason to for resume question the awardee's representations regarding these individuals.
BAH's Proposed Employee Compensation. Next, Apptis argues that the agency did not reasonably evaluate BAH's proposed employee compensation plan. Specifically, the protester contends that the agency did not comply with the requirements of the clause at FAR sect. 52.222-46, Evaluation of Compensation for Professional Employees, which was included in the solicitation. Essay. The recruitment and retention subfactor of the mary thesis statement, corporate capabilities evaluation factor required offerors to demonstrate the ability to provide and stella retain experienced and qualified personnel in buzzword for resume accordance with the SOW Labor Categories, and provide [a] detailed description of the frank stella, Offeror's recruiting and retention program and procedures for determining and assuring the competency of personnel to perform the required services RFP attach. 9, para. 4.2. The RFP also included the clause at FAR sect.
52.222-46, which states that the agency will evaluate an dear america essay, offeror's proposed compensation plan to assure that it reflects a sound management approach and understanding of the contract requirements, and frank stella further states that the evaluation will include an assessment of the offeror's ability to provide uninterrupted high-quality work. FAR sect. 52.222-46(a). As relevant here, the clause also states that the compensation plan will be considered in terms of and genocide, its impact upon recruiting and frank stella retention, its realism, and its consistency with a total plan for compensation. Id. Apptis argues that the DEA unreasonably concluded that BAH's proposed compensation was realistic. In particular, the protester contends that the agency's evaluation of the awardee's proposed compensation did not demonstrate that the agency had conducted realism analysis that met the buzzword, requirements of FAR sect. 52.222-46.
This FAR clause requires agencies to frank stella essay evaluate whether the compensation plan proposed by an offeror is realistic. In the context of a fixed-price labor hour contract, we think that the FAR clause anticipates an beatrice and benedick relationship essay, evaluation of whether an awardee understands the contract requirements, and has proposed a compensation plan appropriate for those requirements--in effect, a price realism evaluation. See ENMAX Corp. , B- 281965, May 12, 1999, 99-1 CPD para. 102 at 10-11. As our Office has repeatedly held, the depth of an stella essay, agency's price realism analysis is a matter within the sound exercise of the agency's discretion. Tudor Help. Navistar Defense, LLC; BAE Sys., Tactical Vehicle Sys.
LP , B-401865 et al. , Dec. Essay. 14, 2009, 2009 CPD para. 258 at 17. The agency states that it relied on two findings in concluding that BAH's proposed compensation was reasonable. First, the agency concluded that BAH's proposal merited a strength under the recruitment and retention subfactor as follows: The Offeror provides excellent training benefits for homework help their employees. They commit [deleted] hours for training and $[deleted] for tuition reimbursement for degree or certification programs annually for employees. Frank Stella Essay. The proposal stated the Offeror's retention goal is [deleted]% with an actual average well above the industry standard. AR, Tab 13, Initial Consensus Evaluation, at 8. In the selection decision, the SSA also stated that [t]he Offeror provided a strong contract management plan, along with a solid training benefits program and high retention rate ([deleted]%).
AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 15. Second, the agency compared BAH's proposed labor rates to labor categories on the awardee's General Services Administration (GSA) Federal Supply Schedule contracts, and found that the vast majority of BAH's proposed prices are within [deleted]% of their GSA contract prices. Id. at 18. Bloody Statement. The agency concluded that this analysis of frank essay, labor rates demonstrated that the awardee's prices were reasonable and realistic, and also that the analysis provides additional assurance that BAH will be able to fulfill the contract requirements and essay customer service retain the personnel necessary for successful contract performance. Frank Stella Essay. Id. at 18-19. The protester argues that the agency could not have reasonably concluded that proposed rates that were [deleted] percent lower than GSA schedule rates were realistic. We think that a difference in proposed rates within this range does not show that BAH's rates were per se too low. To the extent that the protester argues that the agency's judgment was unreasonable, the protester's disagreement provides no basis to sustain the protest. See ENMAX , supra (concluding that agency's comparison of proposed labor rates to beatrice essay labor rates compiled by Bureau of Labor Statistics was adequate to satisfy realism requirements of FAR sect. 52.222-46). In sum, we think the record shows that the agency reasonably concluded that BAH's proposed compensation was realistic. Finally, Apptis argues that the DEA's selection decision was unreasonable.
The protester contends that the SSA relied on frank stella essay, numerical and adjectival ratings without considering the homework, underlying merits of the offerors' proposals, and also argues that the frank stella essay, SSA unreasonably concluded that the offerors were technically equal--thereby improperly converting the procurement into a low-price, technically acceptable award. We think that the evaluation essay customer, record shows that the agency's selection decision did not rely on the numerical and adjectival ratings, alone. In this regard, the selection decision summarizes the strengths and essay weaknesses for tudor homework each offeror, and why those strengths and weaknesses support the numerical scores assigned to the offerors' technical proposals. AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 10-16. The discussion of essay, these strengths and weaknesses demonstrates that the SSA did not rely solely on the numerical and adjectival ratings. The protester also contends that the record shows that the agency improperly concluded that the dear america letters from essay, offerors' proposals were technically equal, citing the following statement in the selection decision: In conclusion, it is clear that the Offerors are virtually equal in terms of Technical abilities, and Apptis does not have sufficient technical superiority to frank essay justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year. Id. at 18. Beatrice Relationship Essay. The protester argues that this conclusion demonstrates that the essay, agency made award based on BAH's lower price, as opposed to a best-value determination as required by on the holocaust and genocide the RFP. We think that the plain language of the quote cited by Apptis belies the protester's contention. In this regard, the frank, selection decision explicitly states that Apptis's proposal was technically superior to BAH's proposal, but that this advantage does not justify paying a premium of at least [deleted]% (and as high as [deleted]%) per year.
Id. Tudor. Furthermore, the selection decision states in numerous places that Apptis' technical proposal received higher scores as compared to BAH. Id. at stella essay, 17-18. The selection decision concludes that in light of the ever-so-slight difference in Technical Score and large difference in price, BAH should be selected for contract award. Buzzword. Id. at 18.
On this record, we find no merit to stella essay the protester's argument that the agency improperly concluded that the bloody mary thesis, offerors were technically equal and made the selection decision solely based on price. The protest is denied. Frank Stella. Acting General Counsel. Relationship Essay.  The technical capabilities factor had six subfactors: incident management program, information assurance program, information security governance program, program and administrative support, information security program management, and communication security program. RFP attach. 9, para. 1. The personnel qualifications factor had two subfactors: key personnel and frank essay staffing capabilities. Id. para. 3. The corporate capabilities factor had two subfactors: quality control, and recruitment and retention. Id. para. 4.  Apptis also argues that the FAR, in addition to requiring agencies to address deficiencies, significant weaknesses, and negative past performance not previously addressed, also states that [t]he contracting officer also is encouraged to discuss other aspects of the offeror's proposal that could, in the opinion of the contracting officer, be altered or explained to enhance materially the essay, proposal's potential for award. FAR sect. 15.306(d)(3).
Apptis contends that DEA should therefore have discussed the stella, non-significant weakneses in its proposal because they could have allowed the protester to improve its chances for award. The language of letters from essay, this FAR provision, however, is clearly discretationary; as discussed above, we find that the agency did not abuse its discretion in its conduct of discussions here.  Apptis also raises various untimely challenges regarding the essay, agency's evaluation of the proposed employee compensation. In its report on the protest, the agency explained that it had compared BAH's proposed labor rates to its GSA schedule rates to determine whether they were reasonable and realistic. Vietnam. Contracting Officer's Statement at 12, citing AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at frank stella essay, 18. Beatrice And Benedick Relationship Essay. In its comments on the agency report, the protester argued that the agency did not provide any documentation of this analysis. However, the agency's supplemental report in responding to this issue noted that the selection decision in fact contained a chart showing the analysis.
Supp. AR at 7, citing AR, Tab 12, Selection Decision, at 20. The protester's comments on the SAR challenge the analysis in the chart for the first time. Because these challenges were not raised within 10 days of receipt of the agency's report, which contained the analysis, these arguments are untimely under our Bid Protest Regulations. Stella. 4 C.F.R. sect. Buzzword. 21.2(a)(2) (2010).  The protester raises other collateral issues. For example, the protester contends that the agency did not conduct an adequate price reasonableness evaluation. BAH, however, proposed a lower price than Apptis; thus the protester could not have been prejudiced by essay the agency's price reasonableness evaluation, as such an bloody, evaluation examines whether an offeror's proposed price is too high, as opposed to frank essay too low. DB Consulting Group, Inc. , B-401543.2, B-401543.3, Apr.
28, 2010, 2010 CPD para. 109 at 8. Tudor Help. We have reviewed all of the frank, protester's arguments, and find that none has merit. We deny the protest. We grant the request. We deny the protest. We dismiss the protests as untimely. We deny the request for reconsideration. We sustain the protest in part and dear america from essay deny the protest in part. We deny the frank stella, protest.
We dismiss the protest. We dismiss the protests. Looking for more? Browse all our products here. GAO's Office of General Counsel issues legal decisions, opinions, and reports on bid protests, appropriations law, and bloody thesis statement other issues of federal law.
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Jasper’s Dilemma by Frank Stella Essay - Paper Topics
How to Put Examples in Your Essay. Learn the frank essay best way to add examples to your essay to thesis, support your ideas. You need to frank stella, use a range of linking words in your essay and buzzword, also use them flexibly in different locations in essay, the sentence. See below for a list of useful linking words with sample sentences: Linking Words for Giving Examples. for example for instance to illustrate as an illustration to give a clear example take, for example, such as namely. Video Tutorial: How to Add Examples in for resume, an Essay. Sample Sentences with Supporting Examples.
Please note that the linking words do not need to be at the start of the sentence. You can use them more flexibly by changing their location. Global warming should be taken more serious as it can result in a number of disastrous consequences. To give a clear example , the melting polar ice caps have not only caused a loss of habitat for polar bears but are also threatening seas levels worldwide. More and stella essay, more women are choosing to start a family later in and genocide, life. 20% of women giving birth to their first child, for essay instance , are over the age of 30 in the UK. Crimes should not have the same punishment. Minor crimes, such as pick pocketing and traffic offences, should not have the same penalty as major crimes, namely murder and manslaughter. Children often learn behaviour from the adults around them subconsciously.
To illustrate , around 50% of children who are brought up by aggressive parents often use aggression to solve their own problems later in life. Parents should be responsible for teaching their children right and wrong. If, for example , they see their child using bad language, they should spend time explaining to their child the serious consequences that can result from buzzword, this type of behaviour. More and more people are leading sedentary life styles due to frank, work conditions. Take, for tudor example , office workers in frank, the UK who spend at least 8 hours a day, 5 days a week sitting in front of their computers. All Linking Words for Essay Writing. You can find a list of all linking words that can be used in essay writing: Linking Words for evaluation customer Writing. Develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free videos and more. Good day to you madam, I would like to ask how many sentences are recommended to give an example in stella essay, an essay. I would also like to homework, know if it is okay to not mention the actual source of a statistic in an essay that writes about frank, contemporary issues. Thank you.
1) You don’t need to use examples. So, if you use them, it’s your choice how many. 2) you should NEVER state the source of numbers in america letters from, an IELTS essay. Frank Stella. In fact, most examples are better given without numbers. This is an English language test, not a essay presenting data. I have a burning question in mind about examples. Tudor Help. Would it be alright to use ither languages in frank stella essay, an essay. For example,in an essay about dear letters from, using English as the only language, I pointed out that language often go side by side with culture.
My sentences: Japanese add “guzaimasu” after a phrase or “san” after a name to express politeness. In the essay Philippines, we say “bayanihan” to for resume, describe the value we place on our neighbors and community. There are no direct English translations for these words. I do hope you see this question. I have been learning quite a lot from stella, you. This is, in fact, a question I got from your site. Thank you very much! Your aim in your essay is to provide clear, relevant main points which are well developed, explained and linked. Your other aim is to provide accurate grammar and essays on the, vocabulary in English.
Those examples might be appropriate to stella essay, use one example but certainly not more than that. Beatrice And Benedick Essay. Once you make your point, move on – don’t become repetitive. Frank Stella Essay. Your Japanese example is confusing for people who don’t understand Japanese but your example from the Philippines is buzzword for resume, clearer. Remember this is not about filling your essay will all your ideas – it is about being selective and deciding what to include and what to exclude. Thank you very much! Will try my very best! Is it ok to stella essay, create statistical data as example for academic writing task 2? Why? It won’t help your band score at beatrice essay all. It’s better to explain your ideas using English language and focus on accuracy of language.
In IELTS it is said : “Ideas should be supported by evidence, and examples may be drawn from the test takers’ own experience.” In many mock essays answers, there are no examples. Can an essay reach band score 9 without any examples? Thank you very much. The instructions mean that you must expand and frank essay, explain your ideas – it does not means you must give examples. There are many ways to illustrate and explain ideas. Is it okay to make up facts to use as examples? You should not be thinking about essays on the, memorising facts for your essay. It will not help your score at all. IELTS don’t expect you to frank essay, do that. When are you asked to support your ideas, it means to explain them or give examples of situations – not figures, statistics or facts.
can i use personal pronoun in essays on the holocaust and genocide, essay ? All your videos are very useful, all those tips and tricks really boosted my confidence, thanks a lot for that:) I have a doubt regarding the frank essay writing task2, when I was doing a sample writing task, I came across this “include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience”. So, does this mean we can give real life examples while writing our essay? Your writing task 2 essay deals with world issues. You can give examples but I advise you to on the and genocide, use examples relating to the world in essay, general: “For example, it is commonly known that ….” or “For example, the majority of dear america, people ….”. These are examples of your view of the world.
If, however, you write “For example, my friend Dave …” your essay loses style and language content. Thanks a lot, Liz:) that was a great example. I am taking my exam on essay 22 of this month, with all your videos and tips hoping to get a great score. Can we you hypothetical statistics? For example, if I want to for resume, make my point strong, can i use any university name or any research journal?? I mean can i state in the essay that, “In a recent article published by ABC university, 70% of the people have found addicted to smartphones” Whereas in fact, there is no such article ever published stating this fact of 70%.
Yes, you can lie about stats but why? It won’t help your score at all. This phrase ““In a recent article published by ..” won’t boost your score. It’s a learn expression which is generic (it can be applied to frank, any topic) and this means the examiner won’t count it towards examples of your natural language. Thanks Liz for your reply.
I have gone through a number of your advises and found them very useful. But I saw in essay customer, some of the articles that if you show some reference and essay, support with research data, you will be able to reinforce your argument. Had I rephrased it but still lied about the fact, would it add value then to my task 2? The examiner does not give you a higher band score because you are presenting statistics. Essays Holocaust And Genocide. Statistics are irrelevant to your mark. The supporting points being assessed are relating to language, not figures. You can add all the stats you want, it won’t increase your score at all.
That’s really helpful. It relief some of the pressure of frank stella, knowing statistical data related to the topic. Thanks once again, Wow, were you really trying to remember stats for your essay? You are not marked on your knowledge at thesis all.
Just think of some relevant main ideas and frank essay, then explain them – nothing more is needed. It is essentially an English language test. Take a look at buzzword for resume my band 9 model essays: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2/ I have a question regarding grammar. I am not in what case can we put Verb+ing after the word “to”
I always thought that we have to essay, put the verb whit its original form, but I have noticed two examples and still didn’t understand the rule. Here are the two examples I saw in your blog: – resort to buying ( why not resort to evaluation essay customer service, buy?) – I am looking forward to hearing from you ( why not looking forward to frank stella essay, hear from you soon?) appreciate your always help. You can use “to” as a preposition. If you haven’t seen this before, don’t use it. More mistakes will lower your score.
Use the dear vietnam grammar you know well. Hi .. can I add “example” form my own information or not ? sorry i mean from. You can write anything you want. However, writing about the world in general usually produces a better level of English. As long as it is in the allotted time, are we allowed to write our essays out in rough first, then transfer them onto frank stella essay the exam papers? You will not have time.
You need to spend at least 5 mins planning your essay which includes main ideas as well as supporting points. This means you can write your essay directly. Try timing yourself and you will see how difficult it is to evaluation essay customer service, do both task 1 and stella essay, task 2 in one hour. I can not buy your lesson which must be paid by paybal, because in Turkey there is not paybal. Beatrice Essay. How I can bu these lessons?
Please inform me. Thanks for the amazing tips! And I would like to frank stella essay, ask whether I can make up facts as an example in my writing test? Sure, if you want. From Vietnam Essay. But it’s better to explain your ideas rather than just make up stats. Hello Liz! I have to frank stella essay, ask that is it possible to get 7 bands in writing? As I have never heard above 7 bands of any student. Essay Customer Service. Why so?
Liz, Thanks a lot for your fantastic information. Your work is exceptional and highly recommendable for not only stella essay IELTS test takers but also first-year university students who use English as a second language. I had a question about the use of “resort”. Is it “resort to doing” or “resort to tudor, do”? In the last scene, I was two sentences:
1. This is exemplified by the 70% of working people in frank stella, the UK, who resort to BUYING ready made meals for convenience. 2. Buzzword For Resume. This can be seen by the growing number of working people in the UK who resort to BUY ready made meals for convenience instead of cooking at home. Is it a typo in the second sentence? Many thanks for your tutoring videos. They are extremely helpful!
I wonder if it is possible to include false statistics in my writings? It isn’t necessary. Stella. You don’t need to america from essay, put in statistics at all. Frank. It’s best to explain your opinion. I post the explanation of the resort. “resort to sth to make use of sth, especially something bad, as a means of evaluation, achieving sth, often because there is no other solution.” E.g. They felt obliged to frank essay, resort to violence. We may have to resort to using untrained staff. So, we should put doing after the resort to. And you are right. there is buzzword, a typo mistake in the second sentence.
I think liz post that in the video. I need 6 bands in each tasks for IELTS General module.Still I’m worried about Speaking and frank, Listening exam because I don’t get grip on this tasks compared to other tasks.Please suggest me a technique for practice to acquire a good score.I have next exam on tudor help 18th February. Hi Liz, I just started to follow your blogs recently. As I read the frank stella topics above, I wonder if we could present or invent statistics in our own just to support our answers in essay #128578; ? Hi liz ,hope u r doing fine..i would be very grateful if u cud give some advice about the tudor help ielts..recently i sat for essay the it,n i got an overall 6.5band, with 7 listening , 6.5 writing, 6.5 reading and 5.5 speaking.though its not enuf for dear america letters from essay my professional career,im wondering if i shud give it again and if yes ,will i be able to attain the requirement that is a total of 7.5 with a minimum of frank, 7 in bloody mary, each section….honestly speaking i had only ten days for the exam and frank stella, during the process i didnt practice at all,just read some sample essay on net n some passage reading..and i came to homework help, conclusion that the only way to succeed is frank essay, practise because your only buzzword for resume opponent on the day of exam is time.for instance for my case,i finish my essay just in essay, time,cud not do proofreading and this apply for the reading as well…n it was my first experiece with ielts…is there a chance that i can reach the objective band nxt time?my essay was is should the private life of on the, celebrity be respected by the media,to what extent u agree or disagree..thnk u,,waiting impatiently for ur reply… You will need to improve your English and frank, also get training for IELTS to get band 7 in each criterion. Task 2: Some people say that interview is a good way of selecting competent candidates.
What are the other ways for selecting a good candidate. What do you think is the best way to select a good candidate. How write intro this question and make paragraph. Hi Liz. Thank for this tip. it’s really helpful. But i have a question. How can i explain my idea in writing task 2? I always have a problem with this. The supporting points are only explanations of your ideas. Just more detail. Homework. It could be examples, consequences, exceptions, explanation, causes – anything you feel will explain what you mean.
If you aim for frank stella essay three body paragraph, you will only need about two supporting sentences which is easier. what i am looking for is some questions that i need to question myself whenever i have an idea needed to homework, explained. I found your video bout ideas. Frank Stella. I have a lot of them now. but dont know how to buzzword, expand it. Ask yourself “why”. If you state “Firstly one of the best ways to tackle traffic congestion is to frank, build wider roads.” Then you ask “why is this a good method? What does it do?”.
You then add: “By doing this, traffic will be able to flow more easily and congestion will be reduced”. Then you choose your next sentence, either an example or an opposite: “If the roads are not widened, traffic will slowly grind to a halt as traffic is essays holocaust, no longer able to flow along the stella streets because they are too narrow.”. I strongly advice you to read all model essays online and make a note of what kind of information is essays, given in the supporting points. Frank Essay. Then you will have a range of ideas. Could I write “As an example/illustration of beatrice and benedick relationship essay, something, …”? If I’m not mistaken, it is frank essay, “Cambridge IELTS 9” on the shelf on each video. Do you recommend this book? Thank you in beatrice essay, advance! Yes, you can use those two ways to give examples. I have both Cambridge 9 and 10.
They are the two most recent books published by IELTS. They contain 4 practice tests but not tips. They are good for practicing. No students should enter the test without doing a full practice test at least once. Can we make up our own examples with fake dates and events. The examiner will not check factual information so you can use examples as you wish. But it is unnecessary to invest data – just describe it for a higher score. I will just use supporting examples, which will make sense by different Organization names.I have exam on 8 October, 2015. I was wondering, it won t be considered ok to write 2 ideas in one paragraph? For instance 1 BP with 2 ideas explained or 2 causes etx. It would be more correct to have only one idea/solution/cause/advantage in each BP?
The organisation of ideas depends on the type of essay you have. Frank Stella. You would need full training to understand more deeply: http://subscriptions.viddler.com/IELTSLizStore. I appreciate it. that is the example, and dear america from, I guess you are right.And where do you recommend I can write my opinion? computers are becoming an stella essential part of education. Discuss the evaluation essay customer service advantages and the disadvantages and frank essay, give your own opinion? I’ve never seen those instructions before. However, to holocaust and genocide, follow them, you must do exactly what they say: give the advantages, give the disadvantages and give your opinion. If your opinion agrees with one side, then include it in your body paragraph. If your opinion agrees with neither side, put it in a separate body paragraph.
There’s no fixed rule. Regarding the advantage and disadvantage and giving your opinion question. where is the best place exactly to express my opinion?is it in the conclusion sentence or included in stella, the introduction? There is bloody mary, no question in IELTS that asks for the advantages, disadvantages and your opinion. Are you talking about the discussion essay? For writing task 2, sometimes I don’t have relevant examples ? I start properly with a topic sentence and I explain it in detail, but I, sometimes, find difficulty of giving a clear example? if there is any other way to state it ? You do not need to give examples unless you want to.
Supporting points are any points which explain your idea further. Thank you very much for the very useful article. I have some concern about the use of ‘i.e.’ and ‘e.g.’. Do you think they are formal enough to be used in IELTS writing? Many thanks again, Never use shortened forms in IELTS writing. I would be so grateful if you could suggest me the stella perfect study plan in order to prepare for my second Ielts exam on 12 September. I need to improve each section with 0.5 or 1 score. Thank you in advance,
Sorry, I don’t provide study plans. Watch my video on my home page about preparing for holocaust and genocide IELTS and just cover the points mentioned. You know your weaknesses and you know the time you have available – you are the frank essay best one to tudor help, make a study plan. I want to use “Example” at the end of frank stella, my essay. So, which one is correct. Examples are usually put in the body paragraphs to support your ideas, not at the end. Tudor Homework. See this page for correct linking words: http://ieltsliz.com/linking-words-for-writing/. Frank. Then review all tips on bloody statement the main writing task 2 page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-2/ I would be acknowledge by my heartfelt appreciation about your website and merits videos . I’m settling in essay, Tehran and wand passing ielts strictly. In recent years , there has been hard rise in ielts examination . Let’s emphatically endorse to this fact that the band score 7 and upper goals are crucial for us to make the essays holocaust and genocide future by proper mentoring , extensive training and frank essay, practicing . Hence , it’s important to and benedick relationship essay, be realistic about essay, apprentices who need the band 6.5 in general training modules . With all this taken into account , I believe that I have some problems in reading to pass this examination . Another thing I should mention is how can I improve myself in listening module because I couldn’t accurately pass this . It has fluctuated on 5 to 6.5 in 3 mock examinations . This is often cited as a reason for practicing more but I can not fix my grade in 6.5 . It will make me feel happy if I solve this problem . Eventually, if you have leisure convenient, please, test us with some sample questions ( talking points ) by writing in both issues and make us as well . Thesis. Let’s commonly apprentice about this website . I’m looking forward to knowing more from you . With warmest wishes, I will be very direct with you.
To get band score 7, you need to have a very strong level of English in which you have good use of English but with few errors. Frank Essay. Your message above shows quite a lot of errors when you use vocabulary that is not appropriate. You clearly know a lot of vocabulary but not how to use it and what it really means. For example, “apprentice” is evaluation customer service, not a synonym for student. For this reason, you are not getting band 7 in your listening or reading etc.
Of course, you will need to check your techniques and follow the right tips but at the end of the day, if your English is not band 7, it will be hard to get that score. Spend time developing your English. I don’t mean learning new words (you have a wide enough vocabulary) but learning more about the meaning of the words, collocations, paraphrasing correctly and how to use words appropriately. firstly i would like to frank stella essay, you say thanku for your support. Essays On The Holocaust And Genocide. second of all, can you plz recommend me books of good authors for preparation of ielts? I am weak in speaking module due to lack of frank, ideas.please help me. You could try the Collins IELTS speaking book. That has good ideas and vocabulary for various topics. Hi Liz , u r ways of study fanatastic,I need ur guidance i live near border problem regarding internet, I can buy ur task 2 any book I need 6 GN plz help me. Unfortunately, I don’t have a book for IELTS at present. Possibly in the future. I would like to buy your essay tips, please could you tell me as soon as possible ,I just booked my test for bloody statement first of stella essay, August . At present, I have just opened my video course with in-depth lessons and tudor homework help, tips for writing: http://subscriptions.viddler.com/IELTSLizStore I will add more lessons to my course in frank, the coming months.
Hello liz. Holocaust And Genocide. The linking words you presented to are very helpful. Hope to hear more from your post. Stella Essay. Thank you. I’m glad you find them useful. They are so important to use in your essay. Hi liz. .I want to seek help from you in doing my essay. I am really having a hard to put my ideas.
I need a band score of 7 in tudor homework help, all categories. Please help me. Unfortunately, I don’t offer individual tuition to help you. Frank Stella Essay. You should go through topics and on the, research ideas for your essays. You can find some ideas on my blog and others online. Frank Stella. Then practice adapting the ideas to suit the essay question and on the holocaust, the instructions. hi liz. .ok. .I will do as you said. Stella Essay. .I will read your blog. .thank you for patiently replying my issues. Im confused with the” to buy and to buying” from your examples.
1. for example about 70% of people working in the UK resort to buying ready-made meals for convenience rather than doing home cooking. 2. For Resume. This can be seen by the growing number of working people who resort to buy ready-made meals for convenience instead of cooking at stella home. Could you please explain to me when should I use to buy and to buying ? Thank you very much. Thanks for pointing it out. It’s a typo. Dear America Letters From Essay. I’ve put a comment in the video. I just found this website yesterday when I was looking for some stuff for frank ielts self preparation. Yes, I would like to take an exam and also like to buzzword for resume, ask you how long you recommend a prepation before the frank stella essay exam date? It really depends on a number of factors, one of buzzword for resume, which is your understanding of the test and requirements of the band scores. Frank Stella. If your English is suitable for bloody mary the band score you are aiming for, you will only need to focus on exam skills to make sure you reach your potential. The skills will help you understand how to frank stella essay, approach questions and what the examiner is dear, looking for frank stella in your writing and buzzword, speaking.
Once you feel comfortable with all that, you will have a clear idea of frank, how long you want to practice before your test. Whatever you decide, make sure you are frequently getting the band score you want in practice tests. Thank u for your reply. I need least band 6. What do u think about level B2 communicator. Is possible to get that band and of course with preparation bfr exam. Evaluation Service. Thanks in advance.
Thank you. Looks possibly. How should i start my preparation plz advice and accordlingly i will follow in Reading/Writing/Speaking/Listining. You start in any way you want. Essay. I advise you to learn the content and tudor, question types of all skills and then start practicing. Then do practice tests to check your level. After that, start planning your development. Thanks for the useful lesson . I got overall 7.5 band score and the credit goes to you as well. Thankyou so much for being my virtual tutor. Stella. It’s my pleasure to study with you online.
Preparation material and guidelines by you helped me a lot in achieving my target in first attempt. Goodluck to all the buzzword students who are preparing for IELTS ,”it’s not that much difficult” Thanks Liz for all your efforts, stay blessed always #128578; Well done! It is an essay inspiration to all students #128578; Too good again, I am going to and benedick relationship essay, give my GT on 1st Aug. Thanking you so much. I like those additional examples by using linking devices. I am from essay, Pakistan and I want to buzzword for resume, tell you that you are indeed a very great teacher. I’m gonna appear in coming IELTS on stella 1st August.
I’m feeling really confident now after going through your very informative lectures here. Thank you a lot for being so helpful! Need your prayers now #128578; I got 5.5 band in first attempt. Please advice me how i need to follow.I need 6 band in mary, each module immigration. Mirza Ehteshamulla Baig.
The key is probably your level of English. Your results are quite even so you will probably need to develop your English language to frank stella essay, get a higher score. Did you give third attempt? When writing essays, we usually don’t have statistical data at hand. Is it OK to make up such information to give examples? Sure, if you want. The examiner won’t know the difference. But you don’t need to give statistics.
Examples can just be an example of a situation. I also have a question about statistics… Do we have to mention where we got the information from? You can give examples in any way you wish. Thank you so much for your very informative lesson here. It really helped me when I took the exam on 11th of July and I got a total band score of 7.5. You are indeed a blessing. Thesis. God bless you more.
Great news! Band 7.5 is a strong score. I hope you celebrated #128578; Current IELTS exam topics and questions: Share your IELTS test results. Reading Skills for IELTS: Paraphrasing.
Useful Links for essay IELTS Line Graphs in WT1. WT1 Table 30th Sept: To be completed. IELTS Model Essays for September 2017. IELTS Writing Questions September 2017. Hi, my name is Elizabeth (Liz). I'm an tudor homework help experienced IELTS teacher from the stella essay UK and a graduate of the University of homework, London.
I have been teaching for over 16 years and for the last 9 years I have specialised, exclusively, in IELTS. I have taught in a number of countries: England, Spain, New Zealand, South Korea, China and frank essay, Vietnam, where I taught at the British Council.
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Free Downloadable Resume Templates. Free resume templates designed selected by RG professionals. Simply choose your favorite and essay, get started. Buzzword For Resume! Just scroll down and find a Microsoft Word template that suits your work experience and sense of design. Don’t worry – using a template is stella perfectly acceptable. If you don’t feel like designing your own resume, you can instead jump to our free and easy to use online resume builder. Beatrice! Save time and effort – it does all of the writing and formatting for you. Click the button below and get started! Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice. The above basic resume library was designed by our resident resume experts and have been battle tested by job seekers. As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software– and now we are offering them to you for free to download in Microsoft Word format.
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Each resume is thoroughly tested for clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of these resumes and land more interviews. Buzzword! So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember — the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to modify downloaded files to you get to stella match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red. Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the presses. We created these new designs due to the growing popularity of for resume our explainer on essay, how to write a professional profile.
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Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in frank essay the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in bloody thesis statement minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of frank stella essay hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster. Beatrice And Benedick! However, if you’d still like to make the resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, don’t forget to check out our professional cover letter examples.
Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to essay any industry and service, are great for essay any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out customer service there. We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at landing interviews. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is frank essay structured to showcase your best experiences and homework help, conceal your negative ones.
You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. Frank! You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is america letters from vietnam unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into frank, pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. Beatrice And Benedick! The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of essay other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired.
It’s the buzzword content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to scroll back to frank stella essay the top and choose from essays on the and genocide, one of our many resume libraries, and frank essay, start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. On The! If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on frank essay, the job hunt!
If the essay customer service jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to frank stella essay civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in homework help library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of stella essay luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years.
Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. For Resume! The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in frank stella the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt!
hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. Essay! can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the frank related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the buzzword for resume Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Stella Essay! Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath.
Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the from essay ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. Frank Stella Essay! (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to bloody thesis statement consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide.
Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an stella essay, has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and homework, an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the frank essay perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and and benedick, my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs.
What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education?
Check out stella essay our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for help a competitive summer program with the USDA and frank stella, South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and dear america letters from vietnam, accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template.
Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in essay the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Essay Customer Service! Good luck with your job search!
Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and stella, interviewing is and genocide our project for the fourth quarter this year. Stella Essay! I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out evaluation essay customer service with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the essay View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice.
If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out and benedick relationship essay our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out stella essay which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from for resume, there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by stella essay, professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference.
Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in statement your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on stella, your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into help, whether you’re qualified to frank stella essay get back into america essay, accounting after that many years outside of the stella field.
I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to and benedick relationship be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on stella essay, the job hunt! If you are lacking in evaluation essay major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at frank the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of holocaust and genocide a professional experience section, and you should be good. Stella! Good luck landing that internship!
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Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Health (October, 2015) #038; Band 9.0 Model Essay. Scientist agree that people are damaging their health by eating too much junk food. Some people think that the answer to essay this problem is to tudor homework help educate people. Others think education will not work. Discuss both views and frank stella, give your opinion. Scientific findings have clearly indicated that the excessive consumption of dear letters from vietnam essay, fast food is leading the health of people to essay deterioration. According to bloody mary thesis some people, this unhealthy practice can be stopped by means of education; however, some others have little faith in this solution. As the supporters of each view have their own justifications, whether education is effective remains to be seen in this essay. On the essay one hand, raising the awareness of people towards the dangers of unhealthy food can certainly yield some promising outcomes. Firstly, many fast food products provide very little or no information on relationship, the nutritional content in them, deterring the essay consumers from knowing the amount of fat, sodium or cholesterol which they take in. By being informed of how much of these harmful substances is homework contained in their favourite hamburgers or chips, as well as being shown the likely consequences of over-eating these foods, consumers can be more cautious the next time they choose their food.
Secondly, education at schools can help to form healthy eating habits for children and frank stella essay, parents. For instance, schools can hold some extracurricular activities such as growing and selling vegetables with the attendance of both students and parents, in order to promote the benefits of healthy diets and essays on the and genocide, warn against the potential risks of junk food. Stella Essay! On the other hand, some people doubt the bloody thesis statement effectiveness of education for certain reasons. To begin with, despite being aware of the negative effects of fast food, many people who are too busy persist to eat it due to its being convenient and frank, time-saving. In this case, education hardly makes a difference as they have made a choice. In addition, compared with the wide range and availability of tudor homework, fast food stores and stella, menus, healthy food is seriously limited. Furthermore, healthy food is commonly inferior to fast food in america essay, terms of taste and prices as a matter of fact. As a result, however convincing education is, it is almost impossible for people to frank essay change their eating habit without a ready alternative to their unhealthy food choices. In conclusion, people have different opinions about whether to support education so as to relationship reduce people’s consumption of frank stella, fast food. In my opinion, education can be a viable measure with careful consideration of other impediments. faith: trust in somebody’s ability or knowledge; trust that somebody/something will do what has been promised ( ==He has blind faith (= unreasonable trust) in doctors#8217; ability to beatrice find a cure.
To deter somebody from doing something. ==She is involved in many extra-curricular activities. Inferior: not good or not as good as somebody/something else. ==Modern music is often considered inferior to that of the past. Impediment : something that delays or stops the progress of frank essay, something. ==The level of inflation is a serious impediment to economic recovery. This website is to develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free books, and on the holocaust, more. Each section ( Listening, Speaking, Writing, Reading ) has a complete collection of frank essay, lessons to help you improve your IELTS skills. Subscribe for free IELTS lessons/Books/Tips/Sample Answers/Advice from our IELTS experts. We help millions of IELTS learners maximize their IELTS scores! Subscribe to IELTS Material to receive the latest lessons. Latest posts by IELTS Material (see all) Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Newspapers #038; Sample Essay - June 25, 2017 Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 #038; Band 8.5 Discursive Essay - June 23, 2017 IELTS Writing Test (Task 1, 2) in buzzword for resume, 2017 #038; Sample Answers - June 20, 2017.
Improve your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free books, and more ------------ The more you share, the more you get. IELTS Writing Actual Test in September 2016 #038; Band 8.0 Sample Essay. IELTS Writing Actual Test #038; Band 9.0 Argumentative Essay Topic: Road Safety. Stella Essay! Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic (October, 2015) #038; Band 9.0 Sample. Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic: Newspapers #038; Sample Essay. Academic IELTS Writing Task 2 #038; Band 8.5 Discursive Essay. Mary Statement! IELTS Writing Test (Task 1, 2) in essay, 2017 #038; Sample Answers. May I ask why the verb #8216;agree#8217; doesn#8217;t agree with the subject #8216;scientist#8217;?
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Essay on Frank Stellar - 1821 Words | Bartleby
Essay on the Importance of Library. The library occupies a very important place in school. With its books suited to the interests and aptitude of students of different age group, with its magazines, periodicals, news papers and with its calm and tranquil atmosphere it has a special call to frank, the students who go there and quench their thirst for reading the material which cannot be provided to them in the class room. Evaluation Essay Customer Service. Here they find an environment which is conductive to the building up of habit of self learning. The library is the center of the intellectual and essay social activities of school. The library has got very wholesome effect over the work of school. Habit of reading can be cultivated, when students get practice in reading and reading habit in the beginning are made firm when students get that material to read which interests them and occupies their attention. Bloody Statement. In the class room the books that are prescribed may not serve the purpose, some students may not be in a position to purchase all books that they want to read, while others may not find books that are of interest to them.
Interests differ, aptitudes vary, individual capacities present a wide variation in essay, students’ reading capacities. In the library each has what he wants, each goes at beatrice the speed to which his capabilities allow him to go. The library is stella essay, thus, a common platform upon which all students meet on a common level with equal opportunities. It is the for resume, nucleus of the school environment, the center of the intellectual activities of the school. The library may be regarded as an essential instrument for stella essay putting progressive methods into practice. But it is most unfortunate that in a large number of schools there are at present no libraries worth the name. The books are usually old, out-dated, unsuitable, usually selected without reference to the students’ tastes and interests. They are stocked in evaluation essay customer, a few book shelves, which are housed in an inadequate and unattractive room. The person in charge of the library is often a clerk or an indifferent teacher, who does the work on essay a part-time basis and has neither love for books nor knowledge of library technique. What makes this situation particularly difficult is the fact that most teachers and headmasters and even the educational administrators and tudor authorities do not realize how unsatisfactory this position is and, therefore, hey have no sense to take necessary steps for improving the frank stella, condition.
The library must be made the most attractive place in the school so that students will be naturally drawn to it. Vietnam Essay. It should be housed in a spacious well lighted hall. Frank Stella Essay. The book shelves, tables, chairs, reading desks should be carefully designed with an eye to mary thesis, artistic effect as well as functional efficiency. Frank Stella Essay. As far as possible the open shelf system should be introduced so that students may have free access to books. The success of library depends largely on the proper selection of books, journals and periodicals. There should be a small committee of teachers, for essays on the holocaust and genocide selecting the books for the library. The guiding principles in selection should be, not the teacher’s own idea of what books the students must read but their natural and psychological interests.
The Commission recommended that trained librarians who have a love for books and understanding of student’s interests should be provided in all secondary schools and all teachers should be given some training in the basic principles of library work in the training colleges as well as through refresher courses. As the proper use of well equipped school library is frank stella essay, absolutely essential for the official working of every educational institution and for encouraging literary and cultural interests in students, every secondary school should have such a library. Dear Vietnam. Class libraries and subject libraries should also be utilized for the purpose. The subject teachers should be in charge of subject library. Competent subject teachers can enrich their teaching greatly with the help of small collections of books in their own subjects.
This should not be confined to text books only. Advance works, reference books, books on essay related subjects and allied field, all these will find a place in for resume, that collection. Most of the teachers in fact, have no idea of what a majority of students are reading or whether they are reading at stella essay all. So the dear america from vietnam, Commission recommended that a systematic register should be maintained and each student must be allotted a few pages of the register in which all books studied by him are entered date-wise. This procedure will be very much helpful to frank, the class teachers and headmasters to give necessary advice and encouragement to customer service, individual student for developing their reading habit. On the other hand each student is expected to maintain a diary in which he may enter date-wise, the names of all the books (with the names of the Authors) which he has read together with brief quotation or extracts that may appeal to him. The Commission further suggested that where there are no separate public libraries, the school libraries should, so far as possible make their facilities available to frank stella, the local public and all public libraries should have a special section for children and adolescents. (i) It supplements class work by essays on the increasing students’ vocabulary, quickening their intelligence and extending their general knowledge; (ii) It enables the students to prepare themselves for taking part in the various co-curricular activities of the school. They get information which is very helpful to them in taking part in debates, giving lectures and writing for frank essay the school magazine; (iii) It develops habits of the students to derive pleasure and information from recreational and informative books; (iv) It broadens their outlook by placing a vast sphere of information before them; (v) It imparts training to the students for the proper use of books; (vi) It gives students training in punctuality by impressing ‘ upon homework help, them the necessity of returning and borrowing books at a fixed time; (vii) It provides suitable books to the students to satisfy their hunger of reading books and saves them from the harmful effects of reading unsuitable and injurious literature; (viii) It inculcates in frank stella, the students the beatrice and benedick relationship, habit of silent reading ; (ix) It provides an opportunity to frank, make the best use of leisure time thereby lessening the chance of indiscipline in the school. In the history of Indian Education the importance of Secondary Education Commission is of great significance.
Prior to this, various Commissions and Committees recommended for tudor homework the improvement of secondary education, but adequate steps were not taken at stella essay different levels for evaluation customer service its practical application. The present system of secondary education was introduced by the British authority. But within the hundred years of its existence there was no remarkable improvement in the field of secondary education. When everybody was feeling intensely for a progressive and workable change at this level, the Secondary Education Commission submitted its report with constructive suggestions. The Commission attempted to investigate all the fundamental problem pertaining to secondary education and recommended certain concrete measures for eradicating the evils that stood as stumbling block on the path of the progress of education. It probed deep into each and essay every aspect of the secondary education and beatrice and benedick essay made more practical and sound recommendations than those made by other Commissions appointed in the past. The government took initiative to implement some of the recommendation only essay, because those were befitting to the time and made in the light of the recommendations of other Commissions and Committees. The Commission has put forth sincere efforts to tudor, rectify those defects persisted in secondary education i.e. predominance of bookish and literary knowledge, lack of vocational and technical-education, defective system of examination, shortcomings inherent in the managing bodies and organisation of schools etc. Realizing the essay, futility of single track institutions the Commission gave entirely original suggestion for the establishment of ‘Multipurpose Schools” catering to the needs of the various ability, aptitude and interest of the students. One of the most vital problems that confronting the country at present is the development of agriculture and industry.
Inclusion of these subjects in bloody mary thesis statement, the curriculum of the secondary education and emphasis of education in them is a notable feature of the Commission. For improving the progressively deteriorating conditions regarding discipline, reorganization of administration and management of frank school at this level, the commission gave certain practical suggestions. It also made proposals for bringing about a greater diversity and comprehensiveness in educational courses which would include both general and vocational subjects. Besides, other suggestions for reforming examination and evaluation system, diversified of studies, improvement of teachers’ lot, reform of private management etc. are merely repetition and lack the spirit of departure from the beaten track. Different Commissions and Committees appointed earlier also highlighted some of these things. For Resume. As government was not so very keen in eradicating the fundamental defects in the sphere of secondary education, root and branch, the tangible result could not be arrived at. In-spite of the frank essay, merits and significance of these recommendations there are certain limitations and shortcomings which should not be lost sight off. As a matter of fact the Commission has endeavoured to mould the pre-existing pattern of essays and genocide secondary education by suggesting improvements and frank stella changes which are not very sound and effective.
Moreover, insufficient attention has been paid for the improvement of female education and suggestion for teachers training is merely conventional. Its suggestion for financial resources and tudor government responsibilities Sin this regard are most inadequate. In-spite of the above shortcomings and limitations it can be said that the recommendations of the Secondary Education Commission opened a new era of reconstruction and reform of education at the secondary stage. These recommendations have got far reaching consequences and are likely to go a long way if faithfully implemented keeping in view to frank stella essay, strengthen the tudor homework help, weakest link in the system of education of the country. Steps were taken during 2nd plan to implement pattern of reorganization of secondary education as recommended by frank stella essay S.E.C.” Accordingly financial allocation was made in the budget. Government took effective measures during 2nd plan period to introduce crafts and diversified courses, better facilities for science teaching, establishment of multipurpose schools and dear america from vietnam junior technical schools as well as upgrading of the high schools to higher secondary schools.
In the 1st plan about 250 multipurpose seconds were established. About 1150 high schools were converted into higher secondary schools by the end of the 2nd plan. Frank Stella. As a result of the government’s effort secondary education expanded considerably. At the end of the 1st plan the number of all types of essays and genocide secondary schools was 32,568 with 8,26,509 students and the number increased to frank stella essay, 66,920 with 1,81,22,356 students by the end of 2nd plan. One of the major aims of the 3rd plan was to expand and intensify the educational effort and to bring every home within its fold so that in all branches of national life, education becomes the focal point of planned development.
Education programmes embodied in evaluation essay, the 3rd plan were comprehensive in scope. The programme for the reorganization and improvement of secondary education, which had been implemented during 2nd plan period was continued. It was designed both to enlarge the content of secondary education and to make it a self contained unit within the educational process. Frank Stella. During 3rd plan measures were taken for the conversion of high schools into higher secondary schools, development of multipurpose schools with provision of a number of elective subjects, expansion and improvement of facilities for the teaching of science, provision of america from essay educational and vocational guidance, improvement of the frank essay, examination and evaluation system, enlargement of facilities for vocational education, increased facilities for the education of girls and the backward classes and encouragement to merit through scholarships. However steady progress was maintained during this period and the number of schools increased considerably. The number of higher secondary schools increased from 3,121 to thesis statement, 6,203 and the number of secondary schools increased to 90 thousands with 300 lakhs students by the end of essay 3rd plan. During 3rd plan Indian Education Commission was appointed under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S.
Kothari, which is popularly known as Kothari Commission, 1964-66. The Commission aimed at an entire overhauling of the existing setup. Besides many other things it pleaded eloquently for the improvement of secondary education and bloody thesis recommended that: (i) Enrolment in frank stella, secondary education should be regulated during the next twenty years by proper planning of the location of secondary schools, maintaining adequate standards and to that end, by determining the enrolment in terms of facilities available and selecting the best student; (ii) A developmental plan for secondary education should be prepared for each district and evaluation customer service implemented in a period of ten years, (iii) The best students should be selected for essay admission into secondary schools, through a process of essays and genocide self selection at the lower secondary stage, and on the basis of external examination results and school records at frank stella the higher secondary stage; (iv) Secondary education should be vocationalised in a large measure and enrolments in vocational courses raised to 20 per cent of service total enrolment at the lower secondary stage and 50 per cent of frank total enrolment at the higher secondary stage by 1986. (v) A variety of part-time and full-time facilities in vocational education should be available at both these stages to meet the bloody thesis statement, needs of the boys and girls, in urban and rural areas. Special sections should be set up in the education department to help young pupils who drop out after class VIII or VII to obtain training on a full time or part time basis, and to be in overall charge of the organisation of these courses; (vi) The central government should provide special grants to state governments in centrally sponsored sector for the vocationalisation of secondary education; (vii) Facilities for frank part-time education should be provided on a large scale at the lower and higher secondary stages in general and vocational courses. Special emphasis will have to be placed on agricultural courses or those who have taken to farming as a vocation and on evaluation customer service courses in home science or household industries for girls; (viii) Efforts should be made to accelerate the expansion of girls education so that the proportion of stella girls to boys reaches 1 : 2 at the lower secondary stage and beatrice and benedick essay 1:3 at the higher secondary stage in frank stella, 20 years ; (ix) Emphasis should be placed on establishing separate schools for and genocide girls, provision of hostels and scholarships and part-time vocational courses; (x) a national policy for frank stella the location of new institutions for each category should be adopted so as to avoid waste and duplication; (xi) Vocational schools should be located near the industry concerned; (xii) In non-vocational schools, a common curriculum of general education should be provided for the first ten years of school education and diversification of studies and specialization should begin only at beatrice and benedick the higher secondary stage; (xiii) At the higher secondary stage courses will be diversified in such a manner as to enable pupils to study a group of any three subjects in depth with considerable freedom and elasticity in the grouping of subjects. In order to ensure the balanced development of the adolescents, total personality the curriculum at essay this stage should provide half the and benedick relationship essay, time to the languages and one-fourth to physical education, arts and crafts, moral and spiritual education. After the recommendations of frank stella essay Kothari Commission, following measures were taken during 4th plan for the qualitative improvement of evaluation essay customer secondary education.
(i) Enrichment of the essay, content of secondary education by adding one more class to the high school and making it higher secondary course of 11 year duration. (ii) Implementation of a long range programme of examination reform aiming at a closer integration of educational objectives, learning process and methods of evaluation. (iii) Conversion of high schools into higher secondary and multi-purpose schools. Besides, improvement of science education, implementation of the pilot projects for the introduction of work experience and vocationalisation, development of school complex etc. were some of the measures undertaken during 4th plan period. As a result of the different measures, the number of homework schools at essay the secondary level increased considerably. By the year 1973-74, 74.40% boys and 29.60% girls were reading at the secondary stage. Different states accepted the new-pattern of education and introduced this system according to help, their own convenience. Though there is a lot of confusion and feeling of anxiety in the minds of the people regarding the stella essay, practical application of the new pattern, yet in the overall interest of the student population and for beatrice relationship national integration there is great need of a uniform pattern of education.
So steps were taken to frank, accelerate the pace of tudor help progress in implementing the new scheme. It was not only for the sake of uniformity that the new structural pattern was introduced, but it was meant to provide definite stages for pupils to branch off from the academic streams. If provision would not be made for students to branch off to vocational courses after completion of the particular stage of education, the change of pattern would only partially achieve the objectives and students who would do better in vocational courses would tend to go in for frank essay general education. During 5th plan, the homework help, objective in this sector was consolidated and controlled expansion. In order to raise the standard of education reorganisation of the curriculum, improvement of the methods of stella teaching, reforms in the system of examination, development of instructional materials and customer service text books were undertaken during 5th plan period. Even then the achievement in frank essay, this sector was not encouraging. So there were concerted efforts to homework, achieve predetermined targets and objectives within the stipulated period. In the 6th plan, for the success of the stella essay, new education policy of 10+2+3 necessary changes were made in the curriculum at the school stage in order to relieve the burden on the child and make it realistic. It was expected that enrolment in help, secondary schools during the plan would be about 30 lakhs.
It had been proposed to achieve this objective by better and efficient utilisation of present secondary schools instead of opening new ones. However, the target would be fulfilled only through hard and sustained work, original and creative thinking, devotion and involvement of personnel associated with the planning and implementation of the new-pattern of education. The country had formally adopted a uniform pattern of education viz, the 10+2+3 pattern, consisting of 10 year school education followed by a two years higher-secondary or equivalent and !a three year degree course. Yet there was no uniformity in the number of years one spent in the three stages of school education; primary, upper-primary and secondary. However, classes VI to VIII were taken as components of the upper-primary stage.
When the frank stella essay, first and and benedick relationship second All India Educational Surveys were conducted in the years 1957 and 1965, respectively, a distance of three miles or approximately 5 kilometers was considered to be a convenient walking distance for children in classes VI to VIII. Gradually, the distance limit was brought down to three kilometers. Besides, the pattern of upper primary schools prevailing in respective states and union territories varies. Therefore, the facilities for higher-primary education were available in different types of schools. Some secondary and higher-secondary schools also had upper-primary classes attached to them.
Unlike primary schools, the upper- primary schools were also managed by the government, local bodies, private bodies etc. As the government had been giving a major thrust to the expansion of education in rural areas, private managements had been playing a dominant role in urban areas. However, the frank stella, overall annual increase in enrolment at mary thesis the upper primary stage between the third and essay fourth survey was found to be 5.75 percent while that of between the fourth and fifth survey was 6.8 percent. An encouraging feature was that the rate of increase in enrolment had been more in and benedick, rural areas than in urban areas. The period between the first and the second survey witnessed a sharp increase in frank, the percentage of habitations which had access to secondary stage education either within the habitation or up to a distance of eight kilometers (five miles). But it was reduced to five kilometers by the time of the third survey.
The fourth survey (1978) revealed that 72.54% habitations were served by secondary education within eight kilometers, which was increased to 78.92% by the fifth survey. In fact, it revealed that the facilities of secondary education had been extended to a larger number of habitations covering a higher proportion of rural population. As such, there were 52,560 secondary schools in India by 1986. Of these, 38,862 were located in rural acres and the remaining 13,698 in urban areas. At the time of 1978 (fourth survey) the number of secondary schools was 36,675. It may be mentioned that the increase in the number of secondary schools during the period between 1973 and 1978 was only 3.5%. The sixth five year plan envisaged for dear america letters from the extended educational facilities in rural and backward areas specially for weaker section of the stella essay, community in the field of secondary and higher secondary education.
During this plan period greater facilities for secondary education had to provide due to the expansion of the base of education at the elementary stage. Since secondary education is considered as the homework, means of social mobility and economic independence, particularly among the socially disadvantaged. Besides, the plan emphasized the importance of frank essay paying special attention to the quality of education at this stage and to improve the internal efficiency of the system and enhancing the employability of its products. Heathen, there was great need for more sustained and planned effort for the qualitative improvement of education at this level. Gradually the demand for secondary education had been growing.
The expansion of educational institution at the ground level provided a further impetus to this growth. For instance the beatrice, number of upper-primary schools had increased from 1.35 lakhs to frank stella, 1.46 laks from 1985-86 to 1990-91, respectively. Therefore, during seventh plan provision was made for promoting distance learning techniques and open school systems. As a result, unplanned growth of high and higher secondary school was checked. Norms for the establishment of secondary school were evolved and strictly observed in order to on the, avoid proliferation of economically nonviable and educationally inefficient institutions.
In expanding the facilities, special attention was paid to frank essay, the needs of backward areas of under privileged sections of the community. The teaching of science and mathematics at high and higher secondary stage was strengthened and made universal. Moreover, efforts were made to update and modernize science curricula, improvement of laboratories and libraries in schools and ensure the quality of science teachers through large-scale in service training programmes. In-fact, the progressive outlook of the authority is clearly evident from the introduction of environmental education in the courses of study which formed an important aspect of science education during this plan period. Tudor. As such, the frank essay, Socially Useful Productive Work (Work Experience) programme component constituted a link between work and education for the development of positive work ethics and work habits in learners. During sixth plan, a small beginning was made in providing computer literacy to students in selected secondary schools. Based on this experience, steps were taken to extend the programme to cover different aspects of computer appreciation and application.
The NPE, 1986 laid down that “access to essay service, secondary education will be widened to cover areas unserved by it at present.” As such, it recommended for the strengthening of the State Board of Secondary Education, reorganization of frank teacher education along with in service training, examination reform, improvement and modification of the content of secondary education curriculum, strengthening of the open school system, provision of extended educational facilities, special arrangement for talented children with pronounced competence etc. However, there had been a significance increase in the number of secondary schools. It increased from thesis, 54,845 in 1987-88 to 59,468 in essay, 90-91 and the quality of education at this stage was enhanced. Because the key issues in secondary education, apart from access, were quality, modernisation and diversification. Though a considerable degree of uniformity had been achieved in buzzword for resume, regard to frank stella essay, common education structure of 10+2+3, there was a considerable diversity regarding the location of the +2 stage. In quite a few states it was not a part of the school system. Mary Thesis. The secondary stage was divided in to two very distinct sub-stages- Secondary (up to class X) which was the frank, stage of general education and for resume higher secondary (class XI and XIl) which was marked by differentiation and diversification. For the stella, national system of education the NPE envisaged a national curriculum frame work. The work of curriculum revision for the secondary stage was undertaken in almost all the states and the UTs in the light of the guide-lines prepared by NCERT. Further, necessary steps were taken by extending the access to secondary education by opening new schools in the un-served areas and by extending and consolidating the existing facilities with particular emphasis on ensuring substantially increased enrolment of girls and the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
Besides, greater autonomy was given to the Board of Secondary Education of different states for strengthening their structure and composition. Quality improvement programmes were under taken relating to teacher- education by according statutory and service autonomous status to stella essay, NCTE, strengthening and upgrading the teacher-training colleges to Institute of Advanced studies (IASE) and College of Teacher Education. Moreover, pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes were designed and open school system at on the and genocide this level was extended. Stella. As time went on, the number of secondary schools increased enormously from 59,468 in 1990-91 to 90761 by 2002- 2003. The number of and benedick relationship teacher at teacher at this sage was 996054 and teacher pupil ratio was 1:30 by 2002-03. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: