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Gender roles essay

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Gender roles essay

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awa essays for gmat We all know that the essays on the GMAT are scored separately and that the schools don’t care as much about the essay scores. We also know we have to gender, write the essays first, before we get to the more important quant and verbal sections, so we don’t want to transportation vs private transportation, use up too much brain-power on the essays. Still, we can’t just bomb the essay section; the gender roles, schools do care about the essays somewhat. So how do we do a good enough job on the essays without expending so much energy that we’re negatively affected during the multiple-choice portion of the test? We need to develop a template, an transportation vs private essay, organizational framework on which to “hang” our writing. The template will not, of course, tell us exactly what to write. Roles Essay? For that, we need the actual essay prompt, which we won’t see until we take the hotel reservation, test. We can, however, determine how to organize the information ahead of time, as well as the general kinds of messages we need to convey at various points throughout. Essay? The template should tell us: how many paragraphs to assessment research paper, use the primary purpose of gender each of those paragraphs the kinds of information that need to be conveyed in each paragraph. The template will vary a little bit from plans person to person; the important thing is to have a consistent template for roles essay yourself that you’ve worked out in advance of the essay plans, official test . Gender Roles Essay? In addition, we will need slightly different templates for public transportation vs private transportation the two different kinds of roles essay essays, so take note of the differences below. As a general rule, essays should have either four or five paragraphs total.

The first paragraph is always the introduction, the essay, last paragraph is always the conclusion, and the body (middle) paragraphs are for the examples we choose to use. Each paragraph should contain certain things; these are listed in the below sections. Gender? The information does not need to essay topic, be presented in the given order below, though; just make sure that each paragraph does contain the necessary information in some sort of clear and logical order. In addition, the information listed below is the minimum necessary info; you can certainly add more where appropriate. summarize the issue state a thesis acknowledge that the gender, other side does have some merit introduce your examples. Annie? The first paragraph should contain a brief summary of the issue at hand in your own words (don't just repeat what the roles essay, essay prompt said). For an Argument essay, briefly summarize the conclusion of the given argument. For the Issue essay, briefly summarize the issue upon which the prompt has asked you to convey your opinion. For either, you don’t need more than a one to two sentence summary. The first paragraph should also contain a thesis statement. The thesis is typically one sentence and conveys to the reader your overall message or point for the essay that you wrote.

For the Argument essay, you can write most of your thesis sentence before you get to the test! You already know that the Argument will contain flaws, and online dissertation that you will be discussing how those flaws hurt the author’s conclusion. Guess what? That’s your thesis! “While the argument does have some merit, there are several serious flaws which serve to undermine the validity of the author’s conclusion that XYZ.” DON’T USE THAT EXACT SENTENCE. They’re going to get suspicious if hundreds of people use the roles, same sentence. (Besides, that’s my sentence. Come up with your own!)

Note the opening clause: “While the argument does have some merit.” This is what’s called “acknowledging the other side.” We don’t say, “Hey, your argument is completely terrible! There’s nothing good about it at public transportation transportation essay, all!” We acknowledge that some parts may be okay, or some people may feel differently, but our position is that the flaws are the most important issue (that is, our thesis is the most important thing). On the Issue essay, you won’t be able to write your thesis statement ahead of time, but you do know you’ll have to do two things: (1) establish one clear position for yourself and (2) acknowledge the other side. Essay? (“While it’s certainly true that some people like Pepsi, more people prefer Coke.”) Notice one other thing that I don’t say: I don’t say “I think [blah blah thesis blah].” I state my thesis as though it is fact and public transportation vs private essay reasonable people surely agree with me. Roles? That’s a hallmark of a persuasive essay. Finally, the first paragraph needs to introduce whatever examples we’re going to use in the body paragraphs below. Essay Topic? Don’t launch into the examples fully; that will come later. You can choose to essay, use either 2 or 3 body paragraphs. (I use 2 body paragraphs, personally. Remember, we just need to public transportation transportation, be “good enough!”) introduce one flaw explain why it is a flaw suggest ways to roles, fix the flaw. Assessment Paper? introduce one real-world example give enough detail for reader to understand relevance of example show how example supports your thesis. The body of an essay is where we support our thesis statement. For the argument essay, your support will come from the prompt itself: brainstorm several flaws from the argument (try to find the biggest, most glaring flaws).

Each flaw gets its own paragraph, so you’ll need either two or three, depending upon how many body paragraphs you want to write. Explicitly explain why this flaw makes the conclusion less valid in roles, some way, and then discuss how the author might fix that flaw. For example, let’s say that an on future, argument claims that firing half of roles essay a company’s employees will help the company to buzzword, reduce costs and therefore become more profitable. While it’s certainly true that chopping half of gender roles essay your payroll will reduce costs, it doesn’t necessarily follow that the company will become more profitable! That loss of personnel may reduce productivity, hurt morale of the career assessment paper, remaining employees, and so on. Roles? The author of such an argument could bolster the essay topic, claim by, for example, showing evidence that half of the employees are fully redundant and firing them wouldn’t affect the company adversely (if such evidence actually exists, of course!). Roles Essay? For the issue essay, your support will come from your brain: you’ll have to brainstorm some real-life example ( something that actually happened in the past ) in order to support your thesis. Research Paper? That example could be something from your own life (work history, school, friend of a friend) or from the broader world (business, history, and gender essay so on).

Stating that Coke’s market share is higher than Pepsi’s, for public transportation transportation example, would bolster your claim that more people prefer Coke. There is no inherent advantage to a personal example versus a broader world example, but if you use a personal example, be sure to provide enough detail that the reader can understand the relevance. When you use real-world examples that the essay, readers are likely to know, you don’t have to worry about, for example, explaining what Coke and Pepsi are. Seeing? Finally, make sure to tie your example specifically back to your original thesis. Don’t make the reader connect the dots: tell him or her exactly how this example supports your thesis. re-state your thesis (using new words) re-acknowledge the other side (using new words) briefly summarize how your examples supported your thesis (using new words) minimum 3 sentences; ideally 4 to 5. Are you noticing a theme within the above bullet points? Basically, the conclusion paragraph isn’t going to contain much new information. It’s a conclusion; the gender roles essay, major points should already have been made earlier in the essay.

What you’re doing now is tying everything together in one neat package: yes, the public transportation essay, “other side” has some merit, but here’s my point-of-view and, by the way, I proved my case using these examples. Before you go into the real test, you should have a fully developed template, so that all you have to gender essay, do is come up with your two examples and your thesis statement, and for resume then “hang” your words on roles essay, your framework. Practice with the assessment paper, above as a starting point until you develop something with which you’re comfortable. Don’t forget to leave some time to gender, proof your essay; it’s okay to have a few typos, but systematic errors will lower your score.

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My Favourite Game Tennis Essays and Research Papers. Tennis The history of tennis is said to gender essay date back several of thousands of years. The game was created by European . monks. Public Transportation Transportation Essay. It began as a game for “entertainment purposes during religious ceremonies. To begin the game of tennis one was too hit the ball with their hand, soon the leather glove came into existence. This now replaced ones hand with a more effective way to hit and serve the ball, and so the first “racquet” was created. With a new way to hit the tennis balls, then the ball went under reconstruction. Game , Play , Point 1646 Words | 4 Pages. My Favourite Sports I really love going outside and compete outdoor plot of grounds. Out of the essay many sports that I wee-wee play . in high school, I like playing basketball the near.

The reason is because it is buzzword challenging and it needs a plentifulness of teamwork to derive a game . It is not subdued to be able to sink a basketball. It takes many days of practice. Gender Roles. I have a good aim and I like to be the someone to throw the ball into the hoop. Online Dissertation Help. I find that playing a basketball game is very challenging. Cricket , Cricket terminology , Fielding 1386 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction For my Personal Exercise Programme coursework I have chosen Badminton as my sport, the reason behind this is I . Roles Essay. enjoy playing it with my friends in sport centres as well as watching the sport. This sport is a fast moving energetic game where a lot of thinking is required. Essay Plans. In order to gender play this game you need 2-4 players. Essay Topic. This is a game where a net is required which is used for the shuttlecock to be returned over the net. History The exact origin of the game , tracing back to ancient.

Badminton , Grand Slam , Point 2500 Words | 7 Pages. My Favourite Day of the Week I cannot say which day of the week is my favourite day because it is . unknown how a day would end up. But still, school days are never days that I look forward to. School, homework and gender, tuition classes burdens me. Excluding the online dissertation help reservation system schooldays, only Friday or Saturday would be my choice. The day I like the most, is Saturday.

Saturday is perfectly placed at the last day of the week. As usual in the morning I would have to go to gender essay school for career, co-curriculum activities. Those activities. Chasing Lights , Frankie Sandford , Piano 875 Words | 3 Pages. The Inner Game of Tennis Book Review. The Inner Game of Tennis Book Review W. Timothy Gallwey’s The Inner Game of gender roles, Tennis is buzzword a short book . about how to improve tennis game by developing the mental side of the sport. Roles Essay. Mr.

Gallwey begins by discussing that many of the annie essays seeing problems that tennis players face are in gender roles their minds. He then explains this more by breaking it down into a simple idea: that a person has two “selves”: Self One and essay, Self Two. Self One is the gender part of every person that is critical of each action that is dissertation help hotel system made, telling the roles essay person. Learning , Performance , Self 1225 Words | 3 Pages. The Desire to plans be a Tennis Player Sports analysts consider tennis to be the most physically demanding sport. Since most . sports require team work, physical conditioning is not that strict. In tennis , the player is forced to gender run for each ball during the career assessment research paper entire match with no other help possible. Also, tennis does not have a time limit; it ends when someone wins two sets. In fact, the longest match records twelve hours duration. The skills for becoming a good tennis player are complicated.

ATP World Tour Masters 1000 , David Ferrer , Gael Monfils 434 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Favourite Author “A person who has good thoughts cannot ever be ugly. Gender Essay. You can have a wonky nose and a crooked mouth and a . double chin and stick-out teeth, but if you have good thoughts, they will shine out of essay topic, your face like sunbeams and you will always look lovely.” -Roald Dahl Roald Dahl has written numerous children’s books in his career as a writer. Gender Roles Essay. He had fun playing around with. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory , Child , Chocolate 736 Words | 3 Pages. 9/17/12 Essa on essay topic, M Favourite Teacher H OME A B OU T SI TE P RESERV E OU R A RTI CLE CONTENT QU A LI T GU I DELI NES DI . SCLA I MER TOS CONTA CT U GUIDELINES About Site Content Qualit Guidelines Terms of Service Privac Polic Disclaimer Cop right Recent Articles Essa on gender roles, M Favourite Teacher ROHIT AGARWAL De igne Sa ee Online sare e sba aar.com /Sare e s-183.htm l Bu Latest Designer Sarees Online. Free Shipping WorldWide. Order now! O ganic Fa ming www.acre. All rights reserved , Casting , Copyright 595 Words | 4 Pages. I have to assessment research think about factors that not only better my performance but factors that could have affected my overall . Gender Roles Essay. game aswell.

A Performance improvement programme is the concept of on future career, measuring the gender output of a particular process or procedure, then modifying the essay topic process or procedure to gender roles increase the output, increase efficiency, or increase the effectiveness of the seeing process or procedure. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Performance_improvement. Having tennis as our performance improvement programme we had to. Forehand , Learning , Lob 2343 Words | 6 Pages. My Favourite City My favourite place is Hyderabad. I like it for it’s culture, location, good . connectivity with other cities, somewhat moderate climate, the economy, infrastructure, education, different markets and gender roles essay, lots of other things.

It’s a city where you find all the useful things in one place, it’s also an IT-BPO hub, the daily goods and services are very affordable and paper, of reasonable quality, eateries offering a variety of cuisine also at very affordable rates, and to me as a practising Muslim. Andhra Pradesh , Hyderabad State , Hyderabad, India 976 Words | 3 Pages. Information about The Sport, Tennis. Tennis I think about that sometimes ? learning to play in a parking lot, stringing nets between cars. I learned to roles play by hitting against for resume a . brick wall, not a ball machine or other players. And my father was my coach ? teaching me from gender roles a 20 year old book.

When I hear people say that you can't make it in tennis if you don't have a lot of money, I know they are wrong. We didn't have much money. Essays. But I loved the sport and that was enough Monica Seles is a great example of someone who didn't have. Tennis 955 Words | 3 Pages. My favourite book. For years, teachers and parents have been worried about roles essay comics, the cinema, television, and now the . Internet. They all stop children reading, they say. However, it now seems that children are reading more than ever. Buzzword For Resume. Reading habits have changed, because there is now lots of competition from other media, but I think that reading is still popular. The reading is very important for me because book is cognitive. Gender. When I read a book I recognize something interesting, I get.

American Civil War , Ashley Wilkes , Clark Gable 936 Words | 3 Pages. (1) I have read a number of books in online dissertation hotel reservation system English and gender essay, Hindi. Most of them have been to my liking and I have spent many an hour reading them. But . one which has pleased me most is Munshi Prem Chand’s ‘Godaan’. ‘Godaan’, is buzzword Prem Chand’s master-piece and ranks very high in the world of fiction. The book portrays the life of the poor villagers – Hari, Dhania and tohers. The author felt the problems of the villagers and placed them before us honestly. Closely connected with their lives is the picture. Hanuman , Lakshmana , Lanka 1577 Words | 4 Pages. MY FAVOURITE CITY I love Paris with such a passion, it hurts.

Last year I lived there for four months but still, I can never . get enough. Gender. When I'm not in Paris I ache for the city as if for public transportation vs private, a lost love. If I could return once more, I'd jump feet first into all the gender roles wonderful places I still want to discover. And, I would also make a personal pilgrimage to assessment research paper my favorite places from chic to charming all that hooked my heart. First I would re visit my favorite arrondissement, the Marais.

Here the. 3rd arrondissement of Paris , 4th arrondissement of Paris , Le Marais 1005 Words | 3 Pages. There are several different aspects of essay, playing and improving your tennis game . Different strokes, rules, boundaries and many . other aspects make up the game of transportation essay, tennis . Over the next few pages, I will do my best to explain the forehand and backhand stroke, the serve and volley, the rules of essay, tennis , and without a doubt the grandslam. Essay. The forehand stroke is the gender roles most popular in for resume tennis . Stand facing the net, knees slightly bent, weight evenly distributed and forward on essay, the balls of your feet. Research. The racket. Australian Open , Grand Slam , Margaret Court 1370 Words | 3 Pages. ?ESSAY: MY FAVOURITE PERSONALITY Every person in this world has a hero.

People have heroes because they really . Essay. admire that person and they really look up to that person. They want to do what they have done and hotel system, they have achieved in their life. Like every person, I also have a hero. My hero had a great personality and essay, a great heart. His name is essay plans Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. I choose him as my hero because I really admire him. I admire his style, his personality and what he did for. Indian National Congress , Karachi , Lahore 956 Words | 3 Pages. My Favourite Holiday Destination I have been to gender essay several places around the world, Mumbai and public transportation vs private essay, Goa in India, Paris in gender roles France, . Annie. Hamburg in Germany, Rome and Venice in Italy, Vatican City, Singapore, Hong Kong, Melbourne and Sydney in Australia but my personal favourite is the Brisbane-Gold Coast trip which also happens to be in roles essay Australia. I liked it very much since Gold Coast had 2 huge theme parks and an amazing water park.

It was the 16th of December we were on our way to Dubai International Airport. Amusement park , Gold Coast, Queensland , Marine biology 2694 Words | 7 Pages. My favourite personality:THE PERSONALITY OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S.A.W.W) The Personality Of The Prophet Muhammad The Prophet . Muhammad was known for transportation, good character throughout his life. He was known as: The Honest long before he received the message of Islam . Gender Roles Essay. He was handsome, of medium height, very active, walked rapidly which forced his companions to essay topic race to keep up with him. People reported seeing light around his body and in his face, which they compared to the sun or the full moon. His.

Islam , Jesus , Medina 1122 Words | 3 Pages. perfection, barely kissed the gender essay ground before their departure was rocketed off in direction of the hotel system stark white goal posts. Roles. As I gazed around the field, I . gathered this sense of online dissertation hotel system, calm from my team mates. The scoreboard counted down towards start of the game as the gender roles breeze whispered to me a silent farewell. But the dillard essays seeing breeze wasn't my concern at this point; we were about to play Richland center and I had a good feeling that today was going to be one to gender essay remember. Coach called everyone over to the gleaming. Association football , Thing 1163 Words | 3 Pages. Mirza Professor Marsh ENG 1104 38 25 Feb. 2013 My favorite Poet Throughout the public transportation transportation . Gender Essay. twenty one years of my life.

I have had the privilege of knowing about dillard essays many poets and dramatists. However, there is one particular poet whose name is roles etched in my memory. Whenever somebody asks about my favorite poet, his name will automatically flash into my mind. He is Michael Madhusudan Dutt, was a popular 19th century Bengali poet, dramatist and the first sonnet. Bengal , Bengali literature , Bengali poetry 831 Words | 3 Pages. ?INFORMATION ABOUT STARS A star is help system a massive, luminous sphere of essay, plasma held together by its own gravity. The nearest star to Earth is the annie essays Sun, which is the . source of most of the planet's energy. Some other stars are visible from Earth during the night, appearing as a multitude of fixed luminous points due to their immense distance. Gender Roles. Historically, the most prominent stars were grouped into constellations and asterisms, and the brightest stars gained proper names. Extensive catalogues of stars have. Alpha Centauri , Binary star , Main sequence 2252 Words | 6 Pages.

Tennis and my passion for this sport. ? Tennis and my passion for this sport Tennis is a game of skill and talent. Online Dissertation. One needs to roles essay be . adroit to play this sport professionally. Public Transportation. People don’t play sport because it is fun. Ask an athlete, most of us hate training. Gender Roles. We play the assessment sport because we can’t imagine our life without it. It is a part of us, the love/ hate relationship.

It is what we live for. Gender Roles Essay. We live for the practices, the travel, the countless pair of different types of shoes and the appreciation of our coaches. We live for the. Association of Tennis Professionals , Australian Open , French Open 640 Words | 2 Pages. Project: My favorite book 2012 Recently I`ve . read a very interesting book that impressed me greatly. It was the novel by Vera Kryzhanovskaya “Hellish charms”. Russian writer and spiritualist Vera Kryzhanovskaya was the buzzword first woman writer of science fiction in the world, and the first professional science fiction writer in Russia.

She was born June 2, 1857 .Her Father was from an old noble family. Boy , Female , Girl 890 Words | 3 Pages. PREPARED FOR : MISS NATASHA BINTI ARIFFIN PREPARED BY : NADIA NUR AMIRAH BINTI CHE SEMAN 1053030 PAGE 29 ( TASK 10 ) Choose one of the topics below . and write a journal entry of gender roles, not less than 100 words on assessment research paper, it. 4. THE MOST EMBARRASING MOMENT IN MY LIFE. PAGE 47, 49 COMPREHENSION A. FIND THE FACTS ANSWERS: DIFFICULTY | DETAILS | MONEY | 1. 2. 3. | CLOTHES | 1. three beautiful sarees but don’t have gold to ‘shine’.

2. Gender Essay. 1 school uniform and essay on future career plans, 1 pair of gender, shoes. | . Family 606 Words | 7 Pages. Tennis by Robin Semal Introduction First of essay topic, all, tennis is a sport known all over the world. That allows you to enjoy . entertainment with your friends or whatever and in addition doing some physical exercise. It also improves your coordination a lot. It can be played either at two (called single) or four (called double).

As you can guess, tennis is essay a very difficult sport. Especially in three points: physically, mentally and technically. The rare goods players excel in these three points. About. International Tennis Federation , Justine Henin , Left-handedness 858 Words | 3 Pages. you feel that way too. Everyday, I get on buzzword, that court and I have to, I need to, try my hardest if I ever want to get to essay the level that I think I . deserve to career be at and in order to do this I need to gender essay push myself harder than I ever have before. Buzzword. The life of an athlete is difficult, but the life of a tennis player is even harder.

I started playing tennis at age 4 but tennis has been my life ever since I could breathe. My mother started playing it at 13 because she has bronchitis and could no longer swim. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Clay court 1710 Words | 4 Pages. ? Table Tennis History Like many other sports, Table Tennis began as a mild social diversion. It was probably played with . improvised equipment in England, during the last quarter of the 19th century. Though Table Tennis evolved, along with Badminton and Lawn Tennis , from the ancient game of Tennis (also known as Jeu de Paume, Real tennis , Court Tennis or Royal Tennis ), the game was developed after Lawn Tennis became popular in the 1880s. Game manufacturers tried many experiments to market. Croquet , International Table Tennis Federation , Jaques of essay, London 1952 Words | 7 Pages. Lawn Tennis A Research Paper Presented to Mrs.Nora May H. Cubal Mati School of Art and Trades City of Mati Davao Oriental SY:2011-2012 . Essays Seeing. In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirement in English IV Presented by Junave N. ceballos IV-Quezon I-Introduction Thanks to the wide coverage that television and other media gives to essay the game , tennis is now one of the for resume most popular sports. Essay. How does one define the game ? It is a game played with racquets and essay on future plans, a light ball. Clay court , Davis Cup , French Open 1728 Words | 6 Pages.

Zack Wilson Professor Boyd English 110 02/09/11 What Tennis taught me! Tennis has taught me many things over the . last few years. Most of the things have been harder to achieve then others, but they are all very important. Gender Roles. Some of the most important things it has taught me are things like responsibility. Online Help. It has taught me to be able to think clearly under pressure. Tennis has helped me plan out what I need to do to become successful. One of the other very important thing that it has. 2009 singles , Discipline , I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do 995 Words | 3 Pages. table tennis . I like that sport because it is quite challenging for gender roles, me because I do not like running and essay career plans, so when I run I intend to feel weary . Roles. after. I also like this sport because it helps me practice how to focus properly without getting distracted easily. I would always play table tennis in my primary school where a crowd of children would gather around and cheer me.

That made me feel special and I would always begin to blush. Although I would always lose or be disqualified I loved that game and. Game 859 Words | 2 Pages. HISTORY OF TABLE TENNIS The origin of table tennis has never been exactly pinpointed, even though it's a relatively young . sport, younger than lawn tennis and not much older than basketball. The earliest known form of the sport, called indoor tennis , was played in essay plans the early 1880s by British army officers in India and South Africa, using lids from essay cigar boxes as paddles and essay on future, rounded corks from wine bottles as balls, with a row of books set up across the gender essay middle of a table to form the net. Other versions. International Table Tennis Federation , ITTF Pro Tour Grand Finals , Olympic sports 859 Words | 3 Pages. ?Video Games Before computer games flourished through the transportation essay past eras, patintero, sungka, tumbang-preso, tumba-lata, . tagu-taguan and sipa were one of the most anticipated outdoor games inside our country. Experiencing these kinds of games imprints almost our half life and we can’t have a complete childhood experience without getting tapped hard on roles, the back, been hit by a flying slipper for it missed the essay topic target, playing with shells, screaming and cheering over your teammates, jumping over a person. Addiction , Child , Game 1308 Words | 5 Pages.

Table tennis is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth using table tennis rackets. The . game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. Except for gender roles, the initial serve, players must allow a ball played toward them only one bounce on their side of the table and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite public transportation side. Points are scored when a player fails to return the ball within the rules. Play is fast and demands quick reactions. Spinning the gender ball alters its trajectory. Balls , International Table Tennis Federation , Racquet 2411 Words | 6 Pages.

to the printed directions supplied with each ball.”14 Lindley LJ goes on to state “We must first consider whether this was intended to essay topic be a promise at gender essay, all, . or whether it was a mere puff which meant nothing. Assessment Research Paper. Was it mere puff? My answer to gender that question is No, and I base my answer upon this passage: “1000?. Is deposited with the alliance Bank, shewing our sincerity in online dissertation help reservation the matter”,…The deposit is called in aid by the advertised as proof of gender essay, his sincerity in the matter, - that is, the sincerity of for resume, his. Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company , Contract , Contract law 2673 Words | 7 Pages. Modelling Probabilities on a Game of Tennis. MATH PORTFOLIO Modelling Probabilities on roles, games of tennis Introduction: In this portfolio I shall investigate the . different models and probabilities based on the probabilities in the game of tennis . First I will start with the Part 1 of the portfolio where I will be concluding with the expected value and the standard distribution from my results.

I will then take a look at the Non Extended play games where the essay topic highest of 7 points can be played. This is will be done with the use of. Decision theory , Game , Game theory 2534 Words | 9 Pages. Board games have many benefits. To one person it just passes time and to another person it helps with strategy skills. According to Alvin . Rosenfeld, He states, “Nothing bolsters his (or hers) self-esteem more! So why not pull out an old board game tonight? Playing games is an easy and excellent way to spend unhurried, enjoyable time together. Roles Essay. As an added bonus, board games are also rich in learning opportunities” (http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=2060). Essay Topic. Although it is posted more.

Board game , Dice , Game 1016 Words | 3 Pages. earth in my opinion. Essay. My whole life has been surrounded by football as both my papa and annie seeing, dad were crazy over 'Rangers . Football Club'. Gender Roles. As I grew up I remember them both telling me stories of how they played for public transportation essay, their school teams and about how many trophies they had won. Essay. As my papa was around 70 when he told me these interesting stories about his younger life surrounding football a lot of facts had changed dramatically since then, I remember thinking to vs private myself I wish football was like it was in my papas. 2006 FIFA World Cup , 2010 FIFA World Cup , American football 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Tennis terms 2-ball boy[-0] (ball girl or ballkid): a person, commonly a child tasked with retrieving tennis balls from the . court that have gone out of gender, play and supplying the balls to the players before their service. Ball boys in net positions normally kneel near the net and run across the public transportation transportation essay court to collect the ball, while ball boys in essay the back positions stand in the back along the perimeter of the arena. Ball boys in career plans the back are responsible for giving the balls to the player serving.

3-buggy. Association of Tennis Professionals , Ball boy , Glossary of roles essay, tennis 691 Words | 3 Pages. provide them with varied knowledge, and games give them the necessary exercise to keep them physically healthy, alert and active. . Games also inculcate in the children certain qualities of head and heart which they carry forward in their lives, from the dillard games field. There are two kinds of games , outdoor games that are played on vast fields, and indoor games that are played in the four walls of the roles essay home or classroom. I have tried my hands on assessment paper, several games , both indoor and outdoor. In school I play. Game , Games , Play 447 Words | 2 Pages. Sports Mechanics Of Tennis The hitting and subsequent motion of a tennis ball in playing a forehand topspin Abstract The . forehand topspin is one of the primary techniques that is utilised in roles modern day tennis . It has been used to enhance a player’s overall forehand skills that result in the maximising of a players groundstroke power output. This report will analyse the motions the tennis player and tennis ball undergo, the forces acting on the player and the ball and lastly, the force transformation. Classical mechanics , Energy , Force 1276 Words | 5 Pages. Score In Tennis Matches Scoring involves a different kind of essay topic, point system: 0 = Love 15 = 1 point 30 = 2 points 45 = 3 points Then . “ game ” = meaning if you won one more point after 45, you won the game . If the score goes to 45-45, it’s called deuce.

After deuce, if you are one ahead, it’s called “Ad In” or Advantage in”. If after deuce you are one behind, you say the score “Ad out” or advantage out”. Scoring variations A singles match is typically 2 out of 3 sets of six games each, win. Game , Grand Slam , Play 956 Words | 4 Pages. Contreras, Charlene S. 1. What is the gender roles governing body of table tennis ? International Table Tennis Federation 2. Who . are the online dissertation officials involve? * Tournament Referee. * Umpires * Assistant Umpire 3. Responsibilities of roles, officials. Tournament Referee The role of a tournament referee differs widely from one Association to another and essay topic, from one tournament to another.

At one extreme he or she is roles essay involved in every part of the organization, from drafting the entry form. International Table Tennis Federation , Referee , Table tennis 1309 Words | 4 Pages. Video Games and Art Video Games can never be art “No video gamer now living will survive long enough to experience the online dissertation hotel reservation system medium . Roles. as an artform. Online Help Reservation System. ” “No one in or out of the field has ever been able to cite a game worthy of roles essay, comparison with the great poets, filmmakers, novelists and poets, composers, painters and career paper, so on. ” “They will not evolve..” These are the arguments emphasized in Rogert Ebert’s article about video games which for me, are striking and disturbing. Gender Roles Essay. Appreciation of the video games. Aesthetics , Art , Game 1382 Words | 4 Pages. Sehwag’s bat and or the keen cricket follower who deeply understands the help reservation system nuisances of the game and gets elated whenever the little master, . Sachin crosses yet another milestone.

But these cricket-savvy arguments rarely bring to light the other dark picture… While cricket’s popularity has increased in India at a exponential rate, the fortunes of the gender roles essay other games has fallen to new lows. Hockey –our national game , in public vs private which India was considered a super-power has degraded so quickly that team India. Cricket World Cup , Game , Games 927 Words | 3 Pages. Are Video Games of Any Good? In this 21st generation, video games are one of the essay most entertaining and vs private essay, one of the most . Gender. popular ways to enjoy time. Video games are electronic human interactive games , which can be played in different types of consoles in a variety of ways. Have you ever thought about career assessment research paper video games being beneficial? Or not just something which helps pass time or something that is a bad addiction?

Video games are so popular in today’s world that, the gender roles video game business earns. Game , Nonviolent video game , Pong 1553 Words | 5 Pages. My favourite sportsman Kimi Raikonnen is public vs private essay my favourite sportsman. He is essay a Finnish racing driver. . When he joined the essay topic Sauber Formula 1 team he was only 21 and had raced in only 23 car races in his life. But he had won more than half of gender, them.

He won the Championship with Ferrari in 2007. Then he took a break from Formula 1 for a while and raced in rallies, but last year he returned back, driving for essay on future plans, the Lotus team. Raikkonen is very calm, cool, and calculating in his race strategy and roles, he is known. Auto racing , Fernando Alonso , Formula One 662 Words | 2 Pages. ?Table Tennis Table Tennis is an buzzword Olympic Sport which is gender played indoors – although it can be played outdoors as a recreational . sport.

The game was invented in the late 1880’s when game makers tried to emulate the popularity of essay topic, lawn tennis by developing indoor versions of it. Around 1898 the English sports company John Jaques Son were manufacturing the first table tennis sets and popularizing the gender roles essay game . They used rackets (bats/paddles) with velum stretched over buzzword for resume, an outer casing (similar to roles small drum). Game , Play , Player 1156 Words | 3 Pages. My favorite game (sport) My favorite game /sport (Essay 1) The outline: 1. Transportation Vs Private Transportation Essay. Name of roles essay, . game 2. Transportation Transportation. How famous it is 3. How it is played 4. Why I enjoy playing it 5. Roles Essay. The end My most favorite game is Football. It is essay topic a world famous game . Football is such a popular game that it is played even in gender essay the most remote corner of my country. People walk long distances to career watch a footballmatch. Even old people enjoy watching this game . Gender Roles Essay. To play this most interesting, I go to the field near my house where. Cricket , Foreign language , Language 2183 Words | 8 Pages. ? My Favourite Subject at assessment research, School I must say that I study at an ordinary secondary school in a small town in gender Vitebsk region. . It's common knowledge that we study many different subjects at school. Public Transportation Essay. Well, I can't say that I like all of them or that I'm really good at all of them.

In fact it's much more pleasant for me to speak about the subjects I like best. My favourite subjects are humanities, English in gender roles essay particular. Online Dissertation Hotel. I began to gender essay study English on dissertation help reservation, a regular school basis when I was in. England , English language , Foreign language 483 Words | 3 Pages. the hobbies mentioned above I like painting. It is a subtle hobby. Whenever I get time I sit down with my paint box, canvas, brushes and gender essay, paint . beautiful landscape.

My hobby does not infringe on the rights of other people. It is not a noisy hobby like music. I can also earn money by selling my paintings to lover of on future, fine arts. My hobby fills my heart with joy and colours and there it is my favourite hobby. Everybody has different hobbies that they like to do for gender roles, fun or just to relax. There are many. Amateur , Collecting , Girl 531 Words | 2 Pages. think about my favorite things. For instance my favorite color is green.

I think what it would be like to have everything that . Buzzword For Resume. color must get boring to after a while of gender, always seeing that color right well my sister’s room is all pink and she still buys a lot of for resume, other oink stuff. My favorite kind of shoe is the roles high heel. I know what you might think at seeing me I am soooo tall I should not want to be taller but I like how it makes me look. Essay Career Plans. Long legs, great calves and roles, awesome posture. My favorite. Aurora , Disney Princess , Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams 608 Words | 2 Pages. Sales of essay on future, video games have more than quadrupled from 1995-2008, while the arrest rate for gender, juvenile murders fell 71.9% and the arrest rate for . Paper. all juvenile violent crimes declined 49.3% in essay this same period.

The 2008 study Grand Theft Childhood reported that 60% of middle school boys that played at least one Mature-rated game hit or beat up someone, compared to for resume 39% of roles, boys that did not play Mature-rated games . California passed a law in 2005 that would have required violent video games to on future plans include. Aggression , Crime , Grand Theft Auto 1138 Words | 4 Pages. ?HISTORY OF TABLE TENNIS Ping Pong Anyone? The sport got its start in England towards the end of the 19th century when, after dinner, some . upper-middle class Victorians decided to turn their dining room tables into miniature versions of the gender roles traditional lawn tennis playing field. Essays Seeing. Several different every-day objects were employed in constructing the roles essay sport.

They used a line of books as the net. Essay Topic. Rackets were lids from empty cigar boxes, and roles, a little later, parchment paper stretched around a frame. Buzzword For Resume. The. Coin flipping , International Table Tennis Federation , Point 818 Words | 2 Pages. My Favourite Book It's hard to imagine our lives without books. We learn a lot of interesting things when we read books.

Books . are our great friend, teachers and advisers. Gender Roles Essay. They teach us how to take the next step when we are in a difficult situation. They help to shape our life. It is reservation impossible to roles become an educated person without books. Besides, books play an important role in upbringing our feelings, views and tastes; give us a lot of useful information. Frankly speaking I'm not a bookworm but. Bella Swan , Edward Cullen , Friendship 856 Words | 2 Pages. have you ever attempted to buy a game , and, of course, you got turned down, because, once again, you were not old enough? Although, you . probably do know why you were denied or turned down, because of essay topic, those great warning or rating systems on every form of media nowadays. Video games have been a part of American culture since the late 1970’s and first emerged as a controversial social problem in late 1994 and has continued until the present.

Violence in roles video games is one of important issues that most. Arcade game , Atari , Entertainment Software Rating Board 2221 Words | 6 Pages. ?Sports and games Sports can be generally divided into indoor and outdoor sports. Gymnastics is a typical indoor sport which includes . apparatus training on uneven bars, horizontal bar, balance beam, mat, spring-board or rings. Athletics, a typical outdoor sport, includes track amd field events (the Marathon race, long-distance run, cross-country run, relay-race) and sprinting events ( a hundred metre sprint, hurdle-race). Jumping (high jjump, long jump, triple jump, pole jump) and throwing (hammer. Ancient Olympic Games , Association football , Game 1731 Words | 5 Pages.

Analytical Interpretation of “ Games ” In his article, “ Games ,” Steven Johnson argues that the nonliterary popular culture, like . Online Dissertation Hotel System. video games , have intellectual and gender roles essay, cognitive virtues in their own right. Johnson carefully and consciously aims his argument at the people who do not like and insist a common bias against public vs private transportation video games , such as the roles teachers, the for resume parents, the cultural authorities and the avid readers. Following his argument, Johnson uses many techniques, like making an interesting hypothetical. Battle of Reading , Critical thinking , Culture 840 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Hunger Games Essay “Suzan Collins integrated various themes to create an roles exciting and help hotel reservation, unforgettable story of “The Hunger . Games ” Discuss this statement choosing three themes from the novel. Ensure that you discuss three to four techniques as well. The novel “The Hunger Games ” is an exhilarating science fiction novel that has been written by Suzan Collins has been unforgettable and spectacular novel through its themes. The story takes place in gender roles a post-apocalyptic world with the annie essays fascinating.

Fiction , Genre , Government 913 Words | 2 Pages. Sport tourism tours bring visitors to their favourite sport event, facility, or destination throughout the world. These tours may be self . guided or organized depending upon access, location, and nature of the activity. For example, many ski tour packages provide air travel, accommodation, local transportation, and ski lift tickets with no special guide or amenities. In contrast, some companies specialize in gender essay travel packages that fly fans to an away game , put them up in a hotel for a few nights, provide. Australian Open , Fed Cup , French Open 2858 Words | 10 Pages. October 11 My First Game (yawns and stretches out arms) Oh good morning . everyone, didn’t know I had company (walks over to spotlight). You could never imagine how excited I am. Why you ask?

Well… today is buzzword my very first soccer game this season and I’ve been waiting for this day for 5 whole months! But that’s okay because it’s going to be worth it (walks to kitchen). My coach told my team and I that we have to eat good the whole entire day, drink. 2005 singles , Butter , Debut albums 484 Words | 2 Pages.

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Why Your Ecommerce Store Needs a Business Plan (and How to Write One) If your first thought when hearing the words business plan is yuck, then you're not alone. For most people, the thought of writing a business plan brings up painful memories of past homework assignments and many online store owners view them as something only real world businesses and Silicon Valley startups need. And lets face it, there's all that fun marketing stuff you could be doing like taking product photos, writing blog posts and opening social media accounts. But the truth is, the fun stuff will only be meaningful if you build your business on a strong foundation. And that's where writing a simple business plan comes in. Even if you don't actually need funding for your business or need to submit a business plan to anyone, there are still some compelling reasons you should consider writing one for yourself. For example, let's say that you're just starting out. You've created an gender, online store, you may even be making some sales. Creating a business plan at public transportation vs private transportation essay this stage could help you see the bigger picture and chart a strategic course for future growth. Or maybe you're five years into running your business and you're starting to feel stuck and things are beginning to essay plateau.

Creating a business plan at this stage could help you think outside of the day-to-day grind of running of for resume your business and discover new ways to roles essay market it or new products you could be selling to boost revenue. On the flip side, maybe your business is trending downward. Creating a business plan in this scenario could potentially help you either change the way your business works as a whole or cut your losses before you're in essay topic, deeper trouble. The point is, if you haven't written a business plan, you should take the time to do so, no matter what point in your business's lifecycle you're in. And the best part?

It's not that hard. Let's look at how you can do it. Components of essay a Good Business Plan. Remember, if you're just doing this for yourself, there's no need to go overboard and turn this into a major project that holds you back from launching and making some initial sales. Think of it as something designed to help open up some ideas for your business and shed light on some angles that maybe you haven't thought of essay topic yet.

In the future, if you actually need to submit a formal business plan to someone, you could always use this one as a starting point and gender essay, spruce it up as opposed to having to start from scratch. The key areas of a business plan include the following. Find out online help reservation how defining each can help your business. Executive Summary - While it's the last thing you will write, it's the first part of the business plan. This part summarizes the gender roles essay main highlights of the essays rest of the gender roles essay sections. Company Description - This is a high level overview of your company, products or services, types of consumers, and dillard seeing, competitive advantages. Ultimately, think of roles essay it like what you would tell someone in career research paper, an elevator ride about your business if you wanted them to invest in it. Gender Roles. Also known as an extended elevator pitch. Market Analysis - This is your research about your industry and target market. If you haven't formally defined your target customer, this will help you do so. Operational Plan - This covers the day to transportation essay day operations of roles essay your business, from location and hours to inventory and accounting.

As you go through this, you can make sure that each of the vital processes in your business are running as smoothly and efficiently as possible. Organization Management - This tells people about the main players in your business - who owns it, who manages it, etc. It will help you define all parties involved with the foundation of your business so everyone has a clear understanding of essay career where they fit and gender roles, who does what. Products Services - This is buzzword for resume, where you describe the products and services offered by your business. You should think about them from roles your customer's perspective.

It will help you to assessment research better sell your products and roles, services once you've defined them using this approach. Marketing Sales - This is where you layout how you will reach your target market, identify prospects, and sell your products and career research paper, services. Gender. While composing this section, creative marketing and sales strategies might emerge. Financial Projections - This is where you really dig in essay topic, and figure out how much your business will make over the next five years. As an established business, you will include historical data and be able to make your predictions based off of that. Coming up with these numbers could be a huge motivation boost and keep you working towards a specific goal as opposed to just seeing what happens. Funding Request - This is the part of the plan where you define your outside funding needs and exactly how you plan on using those funds as well as pay them back.

Even if you're just investing your own money into your business, this can help you really focus your spending so it is all allocated and documented properly. As you can see, creating a business plan can be a huge eye-opener for your business, no matter what stage you're at. Business Plan Templates Resources. Fortunately, there are a lot of great resources on gender essay, the web that you can use to make the business plan writing easier. Best of all, many of them are free. Here are just a few. SBA Create Your Business Plan - This guide walks you through each section of your business plan with all of the details you need to craft them.

They also have a Business Plan Tool that will walk you through the process, step by step. Dissertation Help Reservation. SCORE Business Plan Financial Statements Templates - Fully detailed sample templates for start-ups, established businesses, and essay, non-profits. Public Transportation Transportation. Sample Business Plans - Over 500 sample business plans for roles essay various industries including restaurants, retail, medical, health, services, fitness, pet services, and for resume, many more. If you want more samples, you can try this (really long) Google search for industry business plan filetype:pdf -template -sample -checklist -outline -format . Gender Essay. Just replace industry with your own to find sample PDF business plans. Did you know that there are actually business plan competitions annually?

The winners of these competitions get funding for their small business. And the ones that don't still get good publicity and recognition by the organizations they submit them to. Here are a few examples of the latest business plan competitions for 2013 to give you an idea of the kinds that are out there. You can also search for transportation business plan competitions on Google to find ones that are specific to your region or your industry. If you do need funding and have an awesome business plan, this could be a good way to go about gender roles essay getting it.

Have you created a business plan for your business? What did you learn from it? The Ultimate Guide to on future Business Plans. This free, step by gender step guide will show you exactly how to write a business plan and set yourself up for success. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and essay topic, resources delivered directly to your inbox. You’ll start receiving free tips and resources soon.

In the meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of Shopify. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox. You’ll start receiving free tips and resources soon. In the meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of roles essay Shopify.

Thanks for reservation system the post Mark. This seems to be a really painful part of business for many entrepreneurs and many avoid it all together. However, writing a business plan is the single best exercise you can go through to really think about your business. It’s okay if you have little data or your projections are not founded in assumptions, the fact is that you’ll learn so much about your business from this exercise, that you’ll definitely come out a much better and perceptive business owner. Ha! I would love to gender roles hear Richard Branson tear this new one. Also, what did Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Michael Dell, and Mark Zuckerberg all have in common? They didn’t use a business plan because they understood that time is money and action is a million time more profitable. We should keep business plans in the early 20th century where they belong.

Taking some time to annie dillard essays seeing understand your market, how to gender roles essay position your business in that market and how to help present your business’ value proposition to your customers is never a bad thing. Should you worry about gender getting this perfect to the point where it gets in the way of assessment research paper shipping? Absolutely not. This doesn’t have to be major time drain. Buffer got $500k in gender roles, funding with 7 slides: Just don’t spend a week writing it. I keep an evernote including keywords to rank for (market analysis), revenues goals (financial analysis), the public transportation essay next product ideas (products and services).

Branson was famous for his notepad and recording this data, of essay course he had a business plan. I would recommend reading “Rework” by the folks at 37 Signals before thinking about writing a business plan. Basically “Rework” taught me more about running a business then my undergraduate in business. The Business Model generation is helpful to get a quick model spelled out. A traditional “plan” may be cumbersome, however, the thinking process is useful. Career Assessment Research. Also a good tool to get buy in from your co-founders etc.

Recommend keeping it point form. I agree with Wes Coughlin, I read Jason Fried’s article in roles, Inc. each month and essays seeing, they really have a strong understanding of roles how to make things work for buzzword you and more importantly how to shut down or pass on things that aren’t working or don’t work. I recently decided to start a business. I had in mind a website, e-commerce site, where I will sell high end gifts. In researching website building and gender, all the essay topic companies that will help you do this a friend suggested Shopify and I believe that is the gender essay company I will go with eventually. In the buzzword for resume meantime that same friend has made me more aware of the business world and I do feel, for me, a business plan will be helpful in getting started and will keep me on a strong and gender, healthy business path. So after our conversation I typed into the Google search bar “How to online hotel system write a business plan to open an gender essay, e-commerce website” and your article came up.

Serendipity? Perhaps. Essay Plans. This article has been really helpful and gender roles essay, I plan on doing more research to help build a strong and successful business. This has been a great starting point for dissertation help me. Fingers are crossed! Thanks for the info! Good article.

I like the layout. please keep it up. Thanks for this exhaustive article. Essay. Business plans are still important in the 21th century, not only to convince investors but also to anticipate and essay career, mature one strategic vision. I’m working on my first ecommerce business plan. The major difficulty is to define hypotheses. I found a very useful Excel template, but it is in french, it is not really suited to gender roles the US market.

If anyone has something to propose, it would be very helpful. Hi, excellent post, business plan are the basic and most important part any business. Its truly said “fail to plan is, plan to assessment paper fail”. Roles Essay. I started my business and contacted Coface for credit insurance to paper secure my business from gender risk. Check the assessment research paper website, it may help you: http://www.coface.se/ TESTIMONY ON HOW I GOT MY LOAN MIRACULOUSLY FROM WILFRED ANDERSON LOAN COMPANY. Hello Everyone, I Michell Bartman a single mom from dudelange in Luxemburg, i will like to gender essay share this great testimony on dissertation, how i. got my loan from Waiter Morison Loan Company when we were evicted out of roles our home when i couldn’t pay my bills any more,

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analysis essay You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for roles essay what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to essay, choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to gender, do either. System. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Essay. Then all you have to do is public transportation essay fill in the blanks.

By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Roles Essay. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. Online System. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary.

Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters. One way to gender, figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the vs private transportation book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in gender essay the story, or how the use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem.

In short, this type of essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of annie dillard a prompt—and the example I’m going to use for the rest of gender essay this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in buzzword the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. Gender Roles. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and conclusion. Career Plans. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to get the reader interested in your analysis. Gender. The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. Buzzword For Resume. You gotta hook ‘em from the start.

The first part of roles your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from online dissertation help system Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. Gender Roles Essay. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the rest of the essay will discuss. 2. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point. This is essay on future career plans where the gender essay thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and vs private transportation essay is embodied as sacrifice for gender essay the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis.

Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of online help reservation system Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in exchange for immortality, and gender how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to Lily Potter. These points will be the building blocks of the reservation body paragraphs. Body of gender Your Analytical Essay Outline. Plans. The body is where you can start to get really creative and essay play around with formatting. In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to for resume, the topic sentence. Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to support your topic sentence.

But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Roles. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is transportation transportation going to be about. Gender Roles. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to save the transportation vs private transportation rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. The claim should dive into roles essay, a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into online dissertation help reservation, several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance.

3. Provide evidence from the text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at roles, the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Career Assessment Research. Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. Gender Roles. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the public transportation transportation reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to be willing to do that.

They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of roles essay your body paragraphs, given the buzzword for resume appropriate evidence to back your claims, and gender essay tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of essay topic them through the characters in roles the Harry Potter book series.” This, of for resume course, does not suffice as a full conclusion.

To fill it out and give the roles essay reader a sense of closure, you can relate the public transportation theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the gender essay text or the essays author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to gender essay, download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over mine.

And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the on future career Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome! Glad you liked it. Gender Essay. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies!

Woot woot! Happy to help. Help Hotel Reservation. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for the comment and thanks for reading. Gender. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for research orienting me on how to structure an gender roles essay, analytical essay. On Future Career Plans. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an gender roles essay, analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill.

Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in buzzword this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and gender roles a conclusion that wraps it all up.

The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet! Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great. Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions?

I#8217;m supposed to write an essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. Essay Topic. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in gender roles essay a certain way. Please respond to this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on essay on future plans how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about gender roles, Animals by O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the essay career innocence and simplicity of childhood. I don#8217;t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go.

You might want to gender essay, start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of essay on future innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to roles essay, show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy?

Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. Online Dissertation Hotel. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all. Thanks for keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to gender essay, Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to how to apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the effects of essay on future plans European migration, warfare, and disease on Native Americans, and roles was thinking of public finding 3 specific examples of each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to gender essay, a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of online dissertation hotel system your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs.

Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. Gender Essay. DIOS MIO! this is research really helpful. Gender Essay. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. Essay Topic. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to roles essay, write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and career research paper I#8217;m stuck.

This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the book. Gender Roles. Please help. Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for essay topic me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. Roles. kind regards to you. Online Hotel Reservation System. And thanks to you for roles reading!

Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to buzzword for resume, write an analytical essay for my college English course, and its about an gender roles essay, American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in career plans how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is one way to start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf. NAH MEAN. Essay. Thank you so much. I was dying a moment ago.

Now I think I can manage it. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for reading #128578; I feel motivated and online reservation system have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. )

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Free Gender Roles Essays and …

college essay spoof Literary Terms and Definitions: P. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted September 1, 2017. This list is gender roles, meant to assist, not intimidate.

Use it as a touchstone for important concepts and vocabulary that we will cover during the online help reservation term. Vocabulary terms are listed alphabetically. P TEXT, THE (Also called the P Document ): In biblical scholarship, the common editorial abbreviation for the Priestly Text (see below, or click here for roles more detailed discussion.). PAEAN : Among the earliest Greeks, the online dissertation help hotel reservation word paean signifies a dance and hymn with a specific rhythm which is roles, endued with an absolving and healing power (Burkett 44). In later usage, any song of praise to a deity is called a paean. PALATAL : In linguistics, any sound involving the hard palate--especially the essay plans tongue touching or moving toward the roles essay hard palate. PALATAL DIPTHONGIZATION : A sound change in transportation transportation which either the roles ash or the /e/ sound in Old English words became a diphthong when preceded by palatal consonants. For instance, Modern English cheese comes from Old English ciese , which is a cognate of Latin caseus . Scholars can tell the word in Old English must have been adopted after the time of palatal diphthongization--otherwise it would have a simple /e/ sound rather than the diphthong /ie/ . Thus, palatal dipthongization is useful for philologists who wish to date a borrowed word in Old English. PALATALIZATION : In linguistics, the process of making a sound more palatal --i.e., moving the blade of the tongue closer to the hard palate. PALIMBACCHIU S: Also called an anti-bacchius , this is a three-syllable foot in which the first two syllables are stressed and the third syllable unstressed. It is very rare in English prosody, though Gerard Manley Hopkins and Ezra Pound make occasional use of it.

PALIMPSEST (Grk, rubbed away): A surface such as a piece of parchment or vellum in which one text had been written, but then later became partially or completely erased when a subsequent scribe or bookmarker recycled the page and used a knife or edged tool to scrape away the career assessment original surface. This process would remove or fade the original writing sufficiently for the later scribe to write over the older material. It was a very common practice in medieval times since paper was so expensive. Often, modern codicologists can rediscover the gender original writing by using UV light filters or chemicals to make the erased text visible again. PALINDROME : A word, sentence, or verse that reads the same way backward or foreward. Certain words in English naturally function as palindromes: for instance, civic , rotor , race car, radar , level and for resume, so on. However, when individuals seek to gender essay, combine several words at once, the result becomes a sort of perverse art. Here are some longer English examples culled from J. A. Transportation Vs Private Essay! Cuddon's Dictionary of Literary Terms and roles, Literary Theory : Madam, I'm Adam. Sir, I'm Iris. Annie! Able was I ere I saw Elba. (attributed apocryphally to Napoleon, who was exiled on Elba, though in historical fact he apparently spoke no English!) A man, a plan, a canal: Panama!

Sex at roles noon taxes. Lewd did I live evil I did dwel. (anonymous 18th-century gravestone) Straw? No, too stupid a fad; I put soot on warts! Deliver desserts, demanded Nemesis--emended, named, stressed, reviled. Dissertation System! T. Eliot, top bard, notes putrid tang emanating, is sad. I'd assign it a name: Gnat dirt upset on drab pot toilet. Essay! (W. H. Auden) Stop Syrian! I start at rats in transportation transportation airy spots! The tradition goes back a long ways. Cuddon notes several, including a Greek palindrome inscribed on a vial of holy water in Saint Sophia's church in Constantinople that translates as Wash not only gender roles my face, but also my sins . A Latin example is the paper palindrome, In girum imus nocte et consumimur igni which means We [moths] fly in circles by night and we will be consumed in fire. Gender Roles! Probably the most excessive use of annie seeing, palindromes is the 1802 collection by gender Ambrose Pamperis, in which Pamperis writes 416 palindromic verses celebrating Catherine the Great's military campaigns (See Cuddon 673-74).

PALINODE (Greek: singing again): A poem, song, or section of essay topic, a poem or song in which the poet renounces or retracts his words in an earlier work. Usually this is meant to apologize or counterbalance earlier material. The first recorded use of the essay palinode is a lyric written by transportation the Greek author Stesichorus (7th century BCE), in which he retracts his earlier statement claiming that the Trojan War was entirely Helen's fault. Ovid wrote his Remedia Amoris as a palinode for his scandalous Ars Amatoria --a work that may have caused Caesar Augustus to banish him to the Black Sea. As a theme, the palinode is especially common in religious poetry and love poetry.

The use of the palinode became conventional in roles patristic and medieval writings--as evidenced in career research Augustine, Bede, Giraldus Cambrensis, Jean de Meun, Sir Lewis Clifford, and others. More recent examples of palinodes include Sir Philip Sidney's Leave me, O love which reachest but to roles essay, dust. Here, his palinode renounces the poetry of essay topic, sexual love for that of divine grace. Likewise, Chaucer's Legend of Good Women includes a palinode in which the roles essay author takes back what he said about unfaithful women like Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde . On Future Career Plans! At the end of the Canterbury Tales , Chaucer goes so far as to write a retraction for all his secular literature. Roles! See also retraction . PANDECT (Grk. pan everything + dektes reciever): A book that purports to contain all possible information on a subject. The term was first used as a title for Emperor Justinian's 50-volume encyclopedia of Roman law. Cf. summa . PANEGYRIC : A speech or poem designed to praise another person or group. In ancient Greek and Roman rhetoric, it was one branch of public speaking, with established rules and conventions found in the works of Menander and Hermogenes.

Famous examples include Pliny's eulogy on annie dillard essays, Emperor Trajan and Isocrates' oration on the Olympic games of 380. PANGLOSSIAN (Grk. pan everything + Lat. glossare to explain or comment upon): The word is an eponym based on gender roles, the fictional Dr. Essay Topic! Pangloss from Voltaire's satire, Candide . Dr. Pangloss is gender roles, a naively optimistic pedant who upholds the online hotel reservation doctrine that all is for the best, and gender, that we live in the best of all possible worlds, claiming that a benevolent deity creates all things for positive purposes, and if we could only decipher cause/effect accurately, we would see this. Research! His arguments are a parody of Alexander Pope's claim that Whatever is, is RIGHT. Voltaire uses Pangloss as a straw-man in gender roles Candide , and Voltaire tries to show through the more inane Panglossian arguments that, in annie dillard essays seeing fact, the world is a highly flawed place and it does not live up to gender essay, its ideal possibilities.

PANTHEON (Greek, all the gods): (1) A pantheon is a collective term for all the gods believed to exist in a particular religious belief or mythos . Thus, we can talk of the Hittite pantheon, the Greek pantheon, etc. (2) The Pantheon is a great temple in Rome dedicated to all the career research Olympian gods, not to be confused with the Parthenon , the great temple dedicateSd to the virgin goddess Athena, which is situated on top of the Acropolis in Athens. PANTUN : A verse form from Malaysia. The pantun is a poem of no specific length, composed of quatrains using internal assonance. The rhymes are interlinked much like terza rima in the sense that the second and fourth lines of essay, each stanza become the first and third lines of the following stanza. In the last quatrain, the first line of the assessment research paper poem appears again as the last, and the third line as the second, forming a circle for closure. (Alternatively, the poet may end the work with a simple couplet). Ernest Fouinet introduced the gender roles genre to French literature in the 1800s. Victor Hugo, Baudelaire, and Leconte de Lisle later also experimented with it in French verse.

Although rare in buzzword English poetry, Austin Dobson used it in his work, In Town . PARABASIS (Greek, stepping forward or going aside): A moment at the end of a Greek tragedy in gender roles essay which the chorus would remove their masks and step forward to address the audience directly in speech rather than song. The parabasis usually contained the final thoughts or opinions of the public transportation essay playwright on some matter of government, theology, or philosophy. Roles! The concluding words of the chorus in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex serve as one example. PARABLE (Greek: throwing beside or placing beside): A story or short narrative designed to reveal allegorically some religious principle, moral lesson, psychological reality, or general truth. Rather than using abstract discussion, a parable always teaches by comparison with real or literal occurrences--especially homey everyday occurrences a wide number of people can relate to. Well-known examples of annie essays seeing, parables include those found in the synoptic Gospels, such as The Prodigal Son and The Good Samaritan. In some Gospel versions, Christ announces his parables with a conventional phrase, The Kingdom of roles essay, God is like . . . . Technically speaking, biblical parables were originally examples of a Hebrew genre called meshalim (singular mashal ), a word lacking a close counter-part in Greek, Latin or English. Assessment Research! Meshalim in Hebrew refer to mysterious speech, i.e., spiritual riddles or enigmas the speaker couches in story-form. Roles! Thus, in Matthew 13:11 and Mark 4:11-12, Christ states that he speaks in parables so that outsiders will not be able to understand his teachings. It is only late in the Greek New Testament that these meshalim are conflated with parables or allegorical readings designed for ease of understanding.

Non-religious works can be parables as well. For example, Melville's Billy Budd demonstrates that absolute good--such as the impressionable, naive young sailor--may not co-exist with absolute evil--the villain Claggart. Hotel! Cf. fable , allegory , and gender essay, symbolism , or click here for essay topic a PDF handout discussing the gender roles essay differences between these terms. PARADIGMATIC CHANGE (also called associative change ): In linguistics, these are language changes brought about because a sound or a word was associated with a different sound or word. Algeo provides the following example: PARAGRAPH (Greek, side writing): (1) Originally, a short stroke below the start of a line running horizontally to separate that material from earlier commentary. Buzzword For Resume! It was common in Greek manuscripts to show a break in gender roles essay the sense or a change of online help reservation system, subject (Cuddon 679). (2) In modern English composition, it is a passage, section or subdivision of gender essay, a longer essay, usually indicated by online help reservation system indenting the first line of the section. Conventionally, a paragraph deals with one particular idea or aspect of a larger subject-matter. For the sake of reader comprehension, the writer typically includes some sort of roles, topic sentence to tie the career plans paragraph together, and the writer might also include a transitional sentence before or after the paragraph to smooth the flow of gender essay, ideas. PARALANGUAGE : The non-verbal features that accompany speech and help convey meaning. For example, facial expression, gesticulation, body stance, and tone can help convey additional meaning to dissertation help system, the spoken word; these are all examples of communication through paralanguage.

PARALLELISM : When the writer establishes similar patterns of gender roles, grammatical structure and buzzword for resume, length. For instance, King Alfred tried to make the roles law clear, precise, and equitable. The previous sentence has parallel structure in use of adjectives. However, the following sentence does not use parallelism: King Alfred tried to annie seeing, make clear laws that had precision and essay, were equitable. If the writer uses two parallel structures, the result is isocolon parallelism : The bigger they are, the harder they fall. If there are three structures, it is tricolon parallelism : That government of the people, by essay topic the people, and for gender essay the people shall not perish from the earth. Or, as one student wrote, Her purpose was to essay topic, impress the ignorant, to perplex the gender dubious, and to for resume, startle the complacent. Shakespeare used this device to good effect in Richard II when King Richard laments his unfortunate position: PARATAXIS : Rhetorically juxtaposing two or more clauses or prepositions together in strings or with few or no connecting conjunctions or without indicating their relationship to each other in terms of co-ordination or subordination; i.e. a loose association of clauses as opposed to hypotaxis . A common form of roles, parataxis is annie seeing, asyndeton , in which expected conjunctions fail to appear for artistic reasons.

For example, Shipley points out how the Roman playwright Terence writes tacent; satis laudant (they are silent; that is praise enough). The normal structure with a conjunction would be tacent, et satis laudant (they are silent; and roles essay, that is praise enough.) See Shipley 422-23 for this discussion and a comparison among Greek and Latin and online dissertation help, English writers. Modern paratactic style is typically short and simple--like Hemingway's writing. PARATEXT (also French peritext ): In Gérard Genette's work, Paratext: Thresholds of Interpretation , Genette introduces the idea of paratext, i.e., anything external to gender roles, the text itself that influences the way we read a text. Essay Topic! These paratexts can be almost infinite in number, but they might include a list of other works the gender roles author has published on the front cover of a book, the gender of the author as indicated by his or her name, reviews written about the book, and editorial commentary about the career assessment paper work. Gender! For example, suppose the text we are reading is a fictional story about a European woman who falls in love with a Persian graduate student. Essay Topic! That Persian student is later viciously murdered by the European woman's xenophobic father. If we see the author's name is Susan Jones we might interpret the text differently than if we saw the essay author's name was Achmed bin Jaffah, for annie seeing instance. If the gender essay same author wrote a number of murder mysteries, we might be especially prone to read this new text as influenced by that early genre work, or even expect the current text to be (rightly or wrongly) yet another murder mystery. Transportation! If we read a review calling attention to the theme of lust in gender roles essay a work, we might experience the book differently than if we had read a different review focusing on the theme of intolerance. All of these external cues, however, are not actually in the narrative itself we are reading.

Thus, they are paratextual. Career Research Paper! A New Critic from the 1930s would probably argue that all paratexts are irrelevant to determining the meaning of literary art, and the paratextual should be ignored accordingly. Genette might counter that such paratexts inescapably influence our interpretation, so it would be appropriate to identify and discuss them rather than try to sweep them away. PARCHMENT : Goatskin or sheepskin used as a writing surface--the medieval equivalent of paper. A technical distinction is gender essay, usually made between parchment and essay topic, vellum , which is roles essay, made from the hide of young calves.

As Michelle P. Essay Topic! Brown notes in Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts , the process for creating vellum or parchment is gender, quite complicated: To produce parchment or vellum, the animal skins were defleshed in for resume a bath of roles essay, lime, stretched on a frame, and scraped with a lunular knife while damp. On Future Career Plans! they could then be treated with pumice, whitened with a substance such as chalk, and cut to size. Differences in preparation technique seem to have occasioned greater diversity in appearance than did the type of skin pused. Parchment supplanted papyrus as the most popular writing support material in the fourth century, although it was known earlier. Parchment was itself largely replaced by paper in essay the sixteenth century (with the rise of printing) but remained in use for certain high-grade books. (95) PARDONER : An individual licensed by the medieval church to sell papal indulgences (i.e., pardons), official documents excusing the recipient from certain acts of penitence and alleviating the dillard essays sinner's punishment while in purgatory . The Catholic Encyclopedia defines an indulgence as the extra-sacramental remission of the temporal punishment due to a sinner. Protestant students might wish to roles, peruse the vs private Catholic Encyclopedia's discussion of gender roles, indulgences to avoid common misconceptions and distortions.

The practice of selling these pardons as a means of fund-raising for the church or as a means of rewarding those who offered the church some service rose in prominence after the council of Clermont in 1095. There, Pope Urban II announced sweeping indulgences would be given to assessment, any individuals willing to go on Crusade. By the fourteenth century, the practice had developed extensively, and pardoners were lay officials authorized by the pope to sell indulgences in essay exchange for financial donations. Ecclesiastical abuses become commonplace problems. These abuses included unauthorized sales, the sale of forged pardons, extortion, and deliberate misrepresentation of the scope of an indulgence (i.e., treating the indulgence as a get-out-of-hell-free card).

Chaucer's Pardoner in The Canterbury Tales represents the worst excesses of pardoners during this period. PARDONS : Another term for papal indulgences. See discussion under pardoner . PARNASSIAN POETS : An aestheticist, mid-19th-century, Russian and French school of poets that advocated art for its own sake and emphasized sensual and vivid imagery divorced from emotional content (Harkins 275). The term Parnassian refers to Mount Parnassus in essay career Greece. Gender Roles Essay! The toponymic name alludes to the way they often adopted themes from classical Greek mythology and online dissertation reservation system, philosophy (275). PARODOS : In Greek tragedy, the ceremonial entrance of the chorus. Usually the chorus at this time chants a lyric relating to gender roles essay, the main theme of the play. PARODY (Greek: beside, subsidiary, or mock song): A parody imitates the serious manner and characteristic features of a particular literary work in order to make fun of those same features. The humorist achieves parody by exaggerating certain traits common to the work, much as a caricaturist creates a humorous depiction of a person by vs private essay magnifying and essay, calling attention to the person's most noticeable features. On Future! The term parody is often used synonymously with the more general term spoof , which makes fun of the general traits of a genre rather than one particular work or author.

Often the subject-matter of a parody is comically inappropriate, such as using the elaborate, formal diction of an gender roles epic to describe something trivial like washing socks or cleaning a dusty attic. Aristotle attributes the first Greek parody to essays seeing, Hegemon of Thasos in The Poetics , though other writings credit the playwright Hipponax with the roles essay first creation of theatrical parody. Online Dissertation Help Hotel Reservation! Aristophanes makes use of parody in The Frogs (in which he mocks the style of Euripides and Aeschylus). Plato also caricatures the style of various writers in the Symposium . In the Middle Ages, the gender roles first well-known English parody is online help system, Chaucer's Sir Thopas, and Chaucer is himself the basis of parodies written by Alexander Pope and W. Roles! W. Skeat. Cervantes creates a parody of medieval romance in Don Quixote . Rabelais creates parodies of similar material in Gargantua and essays, Pantagruel. Roles Essay! Erasmus parodies medieval scholastic writings in Moriae Encomium . In Shamela (1741), Henry Fielding makes a parody of Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela by assessment paper turning the virtuous serving girl into a spirited and sexually ambitious character who merely uses coyness and false chasteness as a tool for snagging a husband. In Joseph Andrews (1742), Henry Fielding again parodies Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela , this time by replacing Richardson's sexually beleaguered heroine, Pamela, with a hearty male hero who must defend his virtue from the sexually voracious Lady Booby. In the Romantic period, Southey, Wordsworth, Browning, and Swinburne were the gender roles victims of far too many parodies in far too many works to list here.

See also mock epic , satire , and spoof . PAROLE (French, speech): In Ferdinand de Saussure's theory of semiology, parole is the use of language--i.e., manifestations of actual speech and writing. Parole contrasts with langue , the public transportation invisible underlying system of language that makes parole possible. PARONOMASIA : The technical Greek term for what English-speakers commonly refer to as a pun. See extended discussion under pun , below. PART (Latin partum , a piece): An actor's role in a play, the character the actor portrays or pretends to be. Essay! The term comes from Renaissance drama. Since it was too expensive in help hotel Shakespeare's day to print playbooks for every single actor involved in a play, penny-pinching acting companies would only gender roles essay give each actor a roll of paper called a part; the part would list the dialogue for one character and all the cues belonging to essay topic, that character (Greenblatt 1140).

The term role , synonymous with part, is similarly derived from such rolls of gender roles, paper ( ibidem ). PARTIYNOST (Russian, Party-Spirit): In Communist Russian, the requirement that literature must identify and be compatible with the essay topic methods and goals of the dominent political party, as Lenin advocated (Harkins 275). Any other literature, according to the Communist Russian censors, was merely bourgeois decadence in art (275). PARTITIVE : One of several possible numbering systems in a language's grammar. For a discussion of partitives, see multiplicatives . PARTS OF SPEECH : The traditional eight divisions or categories for words as described by gender roles essay the Latin grammarian Aelius Donatus around 350 CE, which he is turn borrowed from earlier Greek categories.

In English, these are slightly modified: English Parts of Speech: Interjections are usually treated as a separate category from the other parts of speech. Donatus' Latin Parts of Speech : PARTIBLE SUCCESSION : The opposite of primogeniture , partible succession is the assessment research practice in which all the children share equally in an inheritance. Gender Roles! Under this legal system, if a property-owner or king dies, the deceased's lands, money, or kingdom would be split into vs private essay, equal shares for each surviving child. While this policy is in some ways more fair than primogeniture, in which eldest child takes all, it does result in gender roles essay the fragmentation of estates or sometimes entire kingdoms. In the late medieval period, primogeniture was the common practice in much of annie dillard essays seeing, Europe and Britain, but in the early dark ages, partible succession was notoriously common among some Celtic tribes in England and the Merovingian and Frankish tribes of gender roles essay, France and Germany.

This practice is behind King Lear's sycophantic games in the first act of on future career plans, King Lear , as the roles essay play is set in ancient Celtic times, though the subplot about Edgar involves the much later later practice of primogeniture. PASSUS (Latin, step): William Langland uses the term passus to essay topic, refer to each numbered subdivision of his poem, The Vision of Piers Plowman . The idea is each section is a step toward salvation or spiritual truth. Gender Roles Essay! Cf. canto and fit . PASTORAL (Latin pastor , shepherd): An artistic composition dealing with the life of shepherds or with a simple, rural existence. It usually idealized shepherds' lives in essay topic order to create an image of peaceful and uncorrupted existence. More generally, pastoral describes the simplicity, charm, and serenity attributed to roles essay, country life, or any literary convention that places kindly, rural people in nature-centered activities. The Greek Theocritus (316-260 BCE) first used the convention in his Idylls , though pastoral compositions also appear in Roman literature, in career Shakespeare's plays, and in the writings of the Romantic poets. Typically, pastoral liturgy depicts beautiful scenery, carefree shepherds, seductive nymphs, and rural songs and dances. Conventional names for roles essay the shepherds and nymphs come from plans, bastardized Latin nicknames such as Mopsy, Flopsy, and Dorcas (from Mopsius , Doricas , etc.). See also pastoral elegy under elegy . PATHETIC FALLACY : A type of essay, often accidental or awkward personification in which a writer ascribes the human feelings of his or her characters to inanimate objects or non-human phenomena surrounding them in the natural world.

J. A. For Resume! Cuddon (692) notes the phrase first appears in John Ruskin's Modern Painters , Volume 3, Part IV, an 1856 publication. Roles! For Ruskin, the term is derogatory. An example might be Coleridge's Christabel , in which we read of a dancing autumn leaf: The one red leaf, the last of its clan. That dances as often as dance it can. For Ruskin, only the greatest of poets can get away with it. Aside from the negative connotations, the term is more or less synonymous with personification . PATHOS (Greek, emotion): In its rhetorical sense, pathos is a writer or speaker's attempt to public vs private, inspire an emotional reaction in an audience--usually a deep feeling of suffering, but sometimes joy, pride, anger, humor, patriotism, or any of a dozen other emotions. You can read more about rhetorical uses for roles pathos here. In its critical sense, pathos signifies a scene or passage designed to evoke the vs private feeling of roles, pity or sympathetic sorrow in a reader or viewer.

PATRISTIC PERIOD (from Latin Pater , father): The time of the church fathers, i.e., the time of the early Church and the Church's first theologians, running through the last days of the apostles through the time of Saint Augustine's conversion and Saint Jerome's compilation of the Bible in the fourth and fifth centuries after Christ. The patristic period appears on the tail-end of the Classical Roman Period, and it marks the beginning of the assessment Medieval Period. Click here to download a PDF handout that puts these periods in chronological order. PATROLOGIA GRAECA : See discussion under Patrologia Latina , below. PATROLOGIA LATINA : A famous (or perhaps in famous) scholarly collection of 228+ fat volumes of biblical and theological commentary that has been both a boon and bane to twentieth-century medieval scholarship.

The Patrologia Graeca reproduces a series of Greek writings from the patristic and medieval Christian writers, while the Patrologia Latina covers the same sort of material in Latin sources. These works are often not available in print in any other texts. This collection, known familiarly as the PL or the gender roles essay Migne (after one of its French editors), includes vast quantities of theological interpretations, Biblical exegesis, typological and anti-typological discussion, medieval treatises on hagiography , medieval medicine, lapidary lore, and oodles of relevant materials necessary for students seeking to understand the medieval world and medieval literature. Unfortunately, the material is essay topic, all in Latin, with facing French translations, which makes it less useful for English-speakers hindered by linguistic inabilities. Additionally, a series of editors compiled the volumes of the PL and they did not follow the same system of cataloging and organization as their predecessors. The result is a confusing mishmash that requires four volumes of indices and an additional index to the indices. Four generations of scholars have blessed the PL as an astonishing and ambitious collection of medieval lore, while simultaneously cursing it as a devilish, misorganized amalgam riddled with errors, typos, and blunders in gender pagination. The PL is dissertation reservation system, being displaced from its throne by the Corpus Christianorum , an electronic collection superseding the older half-edited material. Essay! However, major research libraries at this time are more likely to buzzword for resume, have an old, dusty set of shelves devoted to the PL than to have an expensive, computerized copy of the Corpus Christianorum . Essay! For a student of essay career, medieval literature who can speak Latin, the gender best starting spot is the index to the indices, and from there work one's way backward.

If any readers find a library that is about to throw away or sell its copies of the PL, please contact me at kwheeler@cn.edu. I would like to have a copy myself, provided I can find a room large enough to dissertation help hotel system, store all 228 of roles, these books. PATRONAGE (from Latin pater , father): The act of giving financial or political support to an artist. A person who provides financial support for for resume an artist is known as a patron regardless of his or her gender. Sometimes patrons might seek to glorify their families or their countries. Gender Roles! For instance, the Emperor Augustus was a patron for Virgil. Virgil wrote The Aeneid with the deliberate goal of transportation essay, rousing Roman patriotism for the Augustan regime.

Patronage was also a common way for aristocrats or wealthy merchants to roles essay, flaunt their wealth and simultaneously give something of value to annie dillard essays, their community. The De Medici family in Florence, for instance, provided patronage to essay, famous Italian sculptors, poets, architects, and career assessment research paper, painters. In England, John of roles essay, Gaunt and Richard II both served as patrons for Chaucer at various points in his career. Many literary works are dedicated to a patron. For instance, Shakespeare's early printed anthologies of sonnets are dedicated to a mysterious patron, W. H. In Renaissance drama, acting companies were required to have an important noble or royal family member as a patron, for actors not in the service of such illustrious individuals were punishable as vagabonds and tramps. Authorized acting companies were thus referred to as their patrons' Men or Servants. Research Paper! For most of Shakespeare's dramatic career, his acting company was first known as the gender roles essay Lord Chamberlain's Men. After Queen Elizabeth died, the name was changed to the King's Men in 1603, when King James I ascended the throne and took up patronage of the company. PEACE-WEAVER : In Anglo-Saxon culture, a woman who is married to a member of an help system enemy tribe to establish a peace-treaty or end a blood-feud without paying wergild . Gender Essay! This was a vital role for women in Anglo-Saxon custom--but probably also a stressful and dangerous responsibility. Hildeburh and Freawaru in Beowulf and the speaker of The Wife's Lament are probably examples of characters in Old English literature who are peace-weavers. PEASANTS' REVOLT : Also known as Wat Tyler's Rebellion , this uprising occurred in 1387 when lower-class Londoners and workers from the surrounding areas, fed up with repressive government measures such as the essay on future plans Labor Statutes of gender roles, 1351, marched on London and incinerated the Savoy palace belonging to John of Gaunt and damaged property belonging to other noblemen, appealing directly to essay on future career plans, the young king, Richard II, for his intervention.

The rebels burned unfavorable contracts and records of debt. Roles Essay! They also lynched a number of competing foreign workers from public vs private transportation, Flanders along with government officials whom they blamed for their economic woes. According to roles, legend, they chanted, When Adam delved and Eve span, who was then the gentleman? (i.e., when Adam and Eve first existed, who was an annie essays seeing aristocrat?) The revolt is commonly associated with Lollards, with John Ball's proto-communist doctrines, and with other disruptive religious groups in England. At the time of their march on London, they passed directly beneath Chaucer's residence. References to this rebellion appear directly or obliquely in several Middle English writers' works, including Gower and Langland. PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL : Also called a refereed journal , a juried publication , a scholarly journal , or a critical journal , a peer-reviewed journal is a periodical publication with strict standards for accuracy and clear thinking. Only peer-reviewed journals are considered suitable sources for gender essay academic research by college students.

Most are published two to four times a year. These publications are held in essay topic such high esteem because, when an article is submitted for publication, it is passed on to two or three other experts in the field; they in turn critique the author's thinking and check the article's claims and facts to make sure it is as accurate as possible and (theoretically) free from distorting political, religious, ideological bias; citation errors; logical fallacies; and misattributions. Gender Roles Essay! This contrasts with a book, in which only a copy-editor or two will check for essays seeing typos, but nobody challenges the author's ideas, and essay, it contrasts even more starkly with a web page like this one, in which no official structure is consistently available to ensure scholarly accuracy let alone find all the typos. Good college students learn to use peer-reviewed journals; they do not rely on Google and web-browsing for career plans their primary information. Some of the most important peer-reviewed journals for medieval literature students in English include The Journal of Medieval and roles essay, Renaissance Studies , Medievalia et Humanistica , Medium Aevum , Arthuriana, Medieval Studies , Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , the PMLA , Philological Quarterly , Reading Medieval Studies , Speculum , Chaucer Review , and Studies in the Age of Chaucer . The tell-tale signs of a scholarly journal are its typically copious footnotes, the absence of advertisements or glossy photographs, often its plain, unadorned cover, its guidelines in the back or front for scholarly submissions, and its pages, which are typically on expensive acid-free paper to ensure archival survival. Often libraries do have these journals available in electronic databases (such as JSTOR) that can be searched as easily and career research paper, as efficiently as webpages, so students have no excuse for not using them. If you need help, contact your teacher or a reference librarian.

Bribe this helper with chocolate. PEJORATION : A semantic change in which a word gains increasingly negative connotation. For instance, the word lewd originally referred to gender essay, laymen as opposed to dillard essays, priests. It underwent pejoration to mean ignorant, then base and finally obscene, which is the only surviving meaning in Modern English usage. The opposite of pejoration is amelioration , in which a word gains increasingly positive connotation.

Note that some older sources follow the Latin etymology, and thus spell the word peioration, and pronounce the word pee-yore-a-shun, but increasingly modern dictionaries use a j and pronounce the letter consonantally. PEN NAME : Another term for nom de plum e . The word indicates a fictitious name that a writer employs to conceal his or her identity. For example, Samuel Clemens used the pen name Mark Twain. William Sydney Porter wrote his short stories under the roles pen name O. Henry. Buzzword! Mary Ann Cross used the pen name George Eliot to roles, hide that she was a female writer, just as science-fiction writer Alice Bradley Sheldon used the pen name James Tiptree, Junior. C.S.

Lewis used the pen name N.W. (Anglo-Saxon, Nat Whilk, or I know not whom) in some writings, including the first edition of A Grief Observed , and public transportation vs private transportation essay, then played upon that by quoting the medieval authority Natvilcius in Perelandra (Duriez 147). Likewise, Ben Franklin used a variety of pen names such as Silence Do-good, Jonathan Swift once used the name Lemuel Gulliver, and roles, so on. Essay Career! Writers might choose to use a pen name as a way to keep a certain name associated with certain types of work, so that a writer might use one name for westerns and another name for science fiction novels. Other authors might seek to hide their identity to avoid negative repercussions (such as hate-mail, imprisonment, lynch-mobs, or even execution--all of these misfortunes can and do occur to authors, especially those writing in totalitarian regimes). PENNY DREADFUL : A sensational novel of crime, adventure, violence, or horror. The term is an essay English archaism referring to cheaply printed books bound in plans paper at only a few pennies' cost.

English schoolboys also called them bloods, apparently in reference to the violent content. The equivalent term in American slang is dime-novel, again referring to the cheap price, or pulp fiction, referring to the cheap wood-pulp pressed to make the paper. Essay! My personal favorite penny dreadful from pre-1800 writing is Varney the Vampire: Or, The Feast of Blood! The title gives some indication of the essay content. See also dime novel . PENTAMETER : When poetry consists of five feet in essay each line, it is written in pentameter . Each foot has a set number of syllables. Iambs, spondees, and trochees are feet consisting of essay topic, two syllables.

Thus, iambic pentameter, spondaic pentameter, and trochaic pentameter lines would have a total of ten syllables. Anapests and dactyls are feet consisting of roles, three syllables. Thus, anapestic pentameter and dactylic pentameter lines (if such lines were common) would have a total of essay on future plans, fifteen syllables. See foot and meter . You can click here to roles, download a handout discussing meter in greater detail. PENTATEUCH : The first five books of the Hebrew Bible--i.e., Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. PEREVAL (Russian, The Pass): A group of Russian writers led by the critic Voronsk in 1923 and associated with the journal Red Virgin Soil (Harkins 279). This group of writers opposed the concept of enforced proletarian literature and the oppression of Communist conformity on buzzword for resume, writers--but the Russian authorities dissolved the group in 1932 and forced its members to merge with the Union of Soviet Writers (Harkins 279-80). PERFECT RHYME : Another term for exact rhyme or true rhyme. See exact rhyme . PERFECTING : In the Renaissance printing industry, the gender essay term perfecting refered to essay topic, printing on the second side of a sheet of roles essay, paper after the first side of buzzword, that sheet had already been printed to make a double-sided copy.

In the roles essay 1500s, printers would typically do the recto side of the sheet in the morning and the verso side in the afternoon or evening. By the 1700s, it became common to use two presses consecutively--one side done on the first press and the other side done on essay topic, the second press. PERICOPE (Grk, section; the last two syllables rhyme with dopey): (1) In biblical studies, a story, brief passage, or selection from gospel narrative or passage found embedded inside another story, narrative, or passage. Gender! (2) Passages of gospel text inserted at the head of a homily or sermon in medieval texts. See frame narrative . PERIPHRASIS (Grk. roundabout speech): The act of paper, intentional circumlocution, expressing a short idea with many more words than is absolutely necessary, or expressing indirectly an roles idea that one could express briefly and simply. J.A. Dissertation Hotel! Cuddon cites an gender essay example the sentence, Her olfactory system was suffering from a temporary inconvenience, instead of her nose was blocked (701).

While writers after the modern period have generally considered concision and directness admirable traits in style, some rhetorical situations may call for periphrasis. For example, writers may use periphrasis in order to avoid breaking a social taboo, in hotel reservation which case the periphrasis fulfills the same purpose as a euphemism . E.g., one might write he went to his final rest instead of he died, which is both periphrasis and a euphemism. In the 18th century, periphrasis was often considered valuable for its own sake as a means of displaying a writer's erudition or facility with language, so such writings of the gender roles essay time might refer to the scaly breed for reptiles or the feathered kind for birds in a manner akin to Germanic kennings (Shipley 429). If a writer or speaker uses periphrasis with the deliberate goal of tricking, misleading, or confusing the audience, that act is called ambage . If periphrasis appears to have no purpose, or appears awkward and unsuitable, or detracts from the impact of the writing, rhetoricians refer to it as perisologia , a stylistic blemish. If the hotel reservation blemish originates in essay unnecessary repetition, the fault is called macrologia . An example of macrologia would be they returned home into their own country from career assessment research paper, whence they had come (Shipley 365). This sentence would be briefer as they returned home. A sample passage of periphrasis is called a periphrase , not to be confused with the honophone paraphrase (Shipley 429). PERIODIC ESSAY : The forefather of modern periodicals like magazines and literary journals, these publications contained essays appearing at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, and so on). The subject-matter varied from gender, current events, literary criticism, social commentary, fashion, geographic and architectural features of London, childhood memories, and whatever other reverie entered the author's head. The essays often began with a Latin epigraph as a rhetorical flourish illustrating the good taste and education of the gentleman author, a practice that has fallen out of favor in more fiercely democratic and egalitarian times.

The first literary periodicals were French. Assessment Research! They included Journals des Scavans (1665). Italian ones followed such as Giornale de Letterati (1668). English imitators included Mercurius Librarius (1668), the Athenian Mercury (1690), and the Gentleman's Journal (1692). The early 1700s was a time when the roles essay English periodic essay flourished in particular. This time was especially important in the development of the modern periodical and in the growing acceptance of the essay as a valid genre . Writers like Defoe, Addison, Steele, and Boswell either contributed frequently to these magazines or edited and produced their own.

The Tatler (1709), the Spectator (1711), and the Guardian (1731), all established by Addison and Steele, became profoundly influential in shaping the writing habits and publication customs of the modern world. Most of these publications ran for essay topic only two or three years before vanishing, but some lasted for decades. The Gentleman's Magazine first came out in 1731 and the last issue appeared in 1907, for instance, and gender, the Quarterly Review (1809) was still being published as of essay on future plans, 1991, when I last subscribed. PERIODIC SENTENCE : A long sentence that is not grammatically complete (and hence not intelligible to the reader ) until the reader reaches the final portion of the sentence. An example is this sentence by Bret Harte: The most common type of periodic sentence involves a long phrase in which the verb falls at the very end of the sentence after the direct object, indirect object and other grammatical necessities.

For example, For the queen, the lover, pleading always at roles the heart's door, patiently waits. In a non-periodic sentence , we would normally write, Always pleading at the heart's door, the lover waits patiently for the queen. The non-periodic sentence is clearer in English. It tends to follow the subject-verb-object pattern we are accustomed to. The periodic sentence is more exotic and arguably more poetic, but initially confusing. Periodic structure is particularly effective in buzzword synthetic languages (i.e. languages in which meaning does not depend on the order of roles, words).

In such languages, a periodic sentence creates suspense or tension in a reader eagerly awaiting the outcome of a grammatical action. In classical Latin or Greek, periodic sentences were accordingly considered the height of dramatic style. In English, however, the result can become confusing or comic if the writer loses control, as evidenced in essay topic the work of gender roles, Victorian novelist George Bulwer-Lytton, which has been much mocked by modern readers. Milton's employs a periodic style in on future plans Paradise Lost because he seeks boldly to imitate the features of a classical epic --including the very grammatical structure of the original Latin and Greek works he loves and emulates. Compare to anastrophe . PERIODIC STYLE : A style of writing in which the roles sentences tend to be periodic. Career! See discussion under periodic sentence , above. Periodic style in English is roles, usually considered indirect or artificially artsy in buzzword comparison with the more straight-forward non-periodic style . PERIODIZATION : The division of gender essay, literature into buzzword, chronological categories of historical period or time as opposed to the categorization of literature according to genre , i.e., categories based on conventional features shared between works of similar type. For instance, if I were organizing my bookshelf, and I placed all the gender roles books from the online hotel system early 1800s on one shelf, and all the books written in the Victorian period on the next shelf, and all the twentieth-century books on the last shelf, I have organized my literature by periodization . If, however, I placed all the books containing tragic drama together on one shelf, ands placed all my Western novels on another shelf, and gender essay, put all the poetry collections on the last shelf, I have organized my books according to genre . (Other possible organizing principles might be alphabetical or thematic.) Periodization is essay, not always clear. A particular author's life span might overlap with both the Victorian period and the twentieth century, for instance. Other periods--such as the gender essay postmodern and buzzword for resume, modern periods--have no clearly defined ending or beginning point.

Still, the gender roles intellectual exercise can be useful for thinking about how particular literary artists fit (or don't fit) into an era and for thinking about the zeitgeist or spirit-of-the-age in which they live. PERIODS OF ENGLISH LITERATURE : The common historical eras scholars use to divide literature into comprehensible sections through periodization . Dividing literature into these sometimes arbitrary periods allows us to essay topic, better compare and contrast the writing, poetry, and drama produced in different ages, to more easily trace chains of influence from one writer to another, and to appreciate more readily the connection between historical events and gender essay, intellectual trends. A few common divisions include the following: the Anglo-Saxon period, Middle English period, Renaissance period, Restoration period, Neoclassical period, Romantic period, Victorian period, Modern period , and Postmodern period. No universally accepted scheme exists for the divisions. For instance, some editors or anthologists might lump both the Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods together as the Medieval period. Online Dissertation Help Hotel! Another might subdivide the Renaissance into the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods, and so on. Click here for a PDF handout listing the periods in gender roles more detail. PERIPETEIA (Also spelled peripetea , Greek for sudden change): The sudden reversal of fortune in a story, play, or any narrative in which there is an observable change in direction. Buzzword! In tragedy, this is often a change from stability and happiness toward the destruction or downfall of the protagonist. PERIPETY : Another term for peripeteia . See above.

The word was particularly common in older English writing. PERPETUUM CARMEN (Latin, continuous song): Ovid's twist on Callimachus' sarcastic description for his literary adversaries' work. Originally, in Callimachus' use, Callimachus applies the essay term to lengthy narrative poetry done poorly, as opposed to Callimachus' own work, which focuses on brief, short narratives (see Feeney xxiv). Essay Topic! Ovid, however, takes the roles term and applies it paradoxically to his own work, which involves a number of short narratives worked into a single, lengthy, epic-length work. PERSONA (Plural, personae or personas ; Latin,mask): An external representation of hotel reservation system, oneself which might or might not accurately reflect one's inner self, or an essay external representation of oneself that might be largely accurate, but involves exaggerating certain characteristics and minimizing others. One of the most famous personae is that of the public transportation vs private speaker in roles essay Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal.

Here, the Irish author Swift, outraged over Britain's economic exploitation of Ireland, creates a speaker who is a well-to-do English intellectual, getting on in years, who advocates raising and eating Irish children as a means of economic advancement. Another famous persona is Geoffrey Chaucer's narrator in The Canterbury Tales , who presents himself as poetically inept and somewhat dull. Contrast with alter ego and poetic speaker . PERSONAL ENDING : In linguistics and grammar, a verb inflection that shows if the subject is first person, second person, or third person. PERSONIFICATION : A trope in which abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions. Personification is particularly common in poetry, but it appears in nearly all types of artful writing. Examples include Keat's treatment of the vase in online hotel reservation Ode on a Grecian Urn, in which the urn is treated as a sylvan historian, who canst thus express / A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme, or Sylvia Plath's The Moon and the Yew Tree, in which the moon is a face in its own right, / White as a knuckle and terribly upset. / It drags the gender roles essay sea after it like a dark crime. When discussing the ways that animistic religions personify natural forces with human qualities, scientists refer to this process as anthropomorphizing , sometimes with derogatory overtones.

A special sub-type of personification is prosopopoeia , in which an inanimate object is given the on future plans ability of human speech. Apostrophe (not to be confused with the punctuation mark) is a special type of gender roles essay, personification in which a speaker in a poem or rhetorical work pauses to essay career plans, address some abstraction that is not physically present in the room. See also prosopopoeia , apostrophe therianthropic , and theriomorphic . PETRARCHAN CONCEIT : A conceit used by the Italian poet Petrarch or similar to those he used. In the Renaissance, English poets were quite taken with Petrarch's conceits and recycled them in their own poetry. Examples include comparing eyes to the stars or sun, hair to golden wires, lips to cherries, women to goddesses, and so on. His oxymora , such as freezing fire or burning ice, were also common. PETRASHEVSKI CIRCLE (aka Petrashevski Conspiracy ): A secret society of Russian Utopian socialists who formed in 1845 and met at gender essay the home of M. Transportation! B. Butashevich-Petrashevski to read illegal socialist literature, including among its members the author Dostoyevski and roles essay, the poet Pleschcheyev (Harkins 287).

In 1849, Czar Nicholas I had the circle arrested and staged a mock drama and execution--only revealing at the last moment the essay on future career plans group had been issued a reprieve. Instead of execution, the members of the group were sentenced to exile in Siberia or military service (287). PETRINE DOCTRINE : Roman Catholics (and pretty much all medieval Christians in western Europe) have traditionally believed the Petrine doctrine . The Petrine doctrine is the belief that Saint Peter was given special authority by gender roles Christ that has since passed on to each Pope. In the Gospel narratives, Matthew 16:18-19, Christ states, You are Peter [ petrus ], the Rock [ petros ], and on this rock I will build my church, and essay topic, the gates of hell will not prevail against it. To you I will give the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven. What you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and what you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (A similar verse is found in John 21:15-17.) Medieval and modern Catholics believed the Archbishop of Rome (i.e., the gender essay Pope) was in direct apostolic lineage back to Saint Peter. Essay Topic! That means the Archbishop who anointed the gender roles Pope had been annointed by others all the way back to Saint Peter.

Thus, the plans Pope inherited the same special authority Saint Peter had. The Orthodox Greek church did not share this belief. Roles Essay! They thought of the Pope as being the first among equals, an archbishop like any other. He did not have authority to assessment research, command the roles essay whole church. The two halves of the medieval church in the West and the East argued about for resume this, but that was the sum of the dispute for several centuries. The differences between the two halves of the old Roman empire was exacerbated by the differences in language as well (Western Europe spoke Latin, but the Eastern half of the empire spoke Greek.) See also schism . PHALLIC (from Greek phallos , penis): A phallic symbol or phallus is a sexualized representation of male potency, power, or domination--particularly through some object vaguely reminiscent of the penis. Common phallic symbols include sticks, staves, swords, clubs, towers, trees, missiles, and rockets. Contrast with a yonic symbol. Gender Roles! See also herm . PHANOPOEIA : Ezra Pound's term for one of three techniques to create charged language. In this case, phanopoeia is a word that creates visual imagery, or as Pound states, You use a word to throw a visual image on essay career, to the gender roles reader's imagination (37).

See also melopoeia and logopoeia. PHATIC COMMUNICATION : Exchanges or conversation designed primarily not to transmit information, but rather to buzzword for resume, reinforce social bonds, signal the essay beginning or end of a conversation, or engage in ritual activities. For instance, if we pass a stranger in the hallway and say, Hi, howya doing? and pass on after a nod, the linguistic exchange was not an actual request for data, but merely a politeness acknowledging the other's presence. Similarly, thanks for stopping by or you're welcome, come again are all social lubricants to ease the transition to and from public transportation vs private transportation, ritual activity rather than attempts at essay factual communication. Phatic communication is the term for this phenomenon. PHILOLOGY (Greek, Love of words): Not to be confused with philosophy (see below), philology was an important but now somewhat dated field of essay topic, study in the 19th and early 20th century. Roles Essay! It covered the topics of literary studies, linguistics, folklore, and mythology. Career! Philologists were the ones who reconstructed proto-Indo-European, developed comparative mythology, deciphered the relationships between modern languages, and compiled records of regional folklore, fairy tales, and mythology before they vanished into modernity. This large and unwieldy field eventually split apart and become the academic fields we know today as separate entities (i.e., the distinct degrees of roles, literature, lingustics, folklore, and online help reservation, so forth).

Few colleges offer degrees in philology today (Oxford being a notable exception), but in the first half of the twentieth century, J.R.R. Tolkien was the primary philologist in the Inklings , which sometimes became a source of gender roles essay, tension. C. S. Essays! Lewis apparently distrusted philology's obsession with source texts, and in his diary, when Lewis first met Tolkien, Lewis wrote, he [Tolkien] is a philologist. Gender Roles! No harm in him: only needs a good smack or two. PHILOSOPHY (Greek, Love of wisdom): The methodical and systematic exploration of career assessment, what we know, how we know it, and gender essay, why it is important that we know it. Too frequently, students use the for resume term somewhat nebulously. Gender Roles Essay! They often mistakenly state, My philosophy about X is . . . when they really mean, My opinion about X is . . Essay On Future! . or My attitude toward X is gender, . . . Traditional areas of Western philosophic inquiry include the following areas. PHOBOS (Grk, fear): The emotional purgation of negative feelings known as catharsis involved, according to essay plans, Aristotle's Poetics , two emotions: eleos (pity) and phobos (fear).

If the audience did not feel pity for the tragic hero in a play, or feel fear at essay his downfall, the play failed in its purpose. System! See discussion under catharsis . PHONEME : The smallest sound or part of a spoken word that serves as a building block in a larger syllable or word, and which cannot be broken down further into smaller constitutive sounds. Phonetic transcription always indicates the spoken rather than the written word. This term contrasts with graphemes (the letters or smallest written symbols that count as a unit of an alphabet) and gender roles essay, morphemes (smallest units that have meaning-- either written or spoken). For instance, in the word rerun , the seeing morphemes are re- and roles, run . Though the u- or the r- by themselves are not meaningful sounds like a full morpheme, they cannot be broken down or reduced into any smaller sounds, and thus they are phonemes--the smallest possible sounds in English. Linguists often transcribe English words into essay topic, phonetic markings to indicate subtle differences in essay accent, pronunciation, etc., which may or may not correspond to the graphemes (the markings we use to symbolize sounds--i.e., the written word). Essay Topic! When they do so, they often enclose the phonetic symbols in slashes /laik ∂ Is/ and enclose the gender essay graphic markings in chevrons like this so the reader can tell whether that linguist is discussing the spoken form of the word or the written form of the word.

Contrast with grapheme and morpheme . PHONETIC FULCRUM: Jake Carrick's term for a sentence with two parts of opposite sounds, with a pivot in dillard essays the middle separating the two sections. An example from Bram Stoker's Dracula : Broken battlements showed a jagged line across the moonlit sky. The distinction here is the first half of the roles sentence uses hard consonance, but after jagged, the sentence's alliteration shifts to career paper, liquid and soft consonance (Carrick). In poetry, such a shift often falls in the caesura, though the effect is not limited to alliterative verse. PHONETICS : The study of phonemes, or units of gender essay, sound in spoken language. PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION : Written symbols that linguists use to represent speech sounds. One common transcription system is the buzzword IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). To see samples in PDF format, you can download IPA vowels and gender essay, IPA consonants. PHONOGRAM : A written symbol that indicates a spoken sound. Students should not confuse this term with a gramophone (an antique record-player). PHONOLOGY : According to Algeo, The units of sound (phonemes) of a language with their possible arrangements and buzzword for resume, varieties of roles, vocal expression (329).

More generally, the study of sounds and sound-systems in a language. PICARESQUE NARRATIVE : Any narrative (including short stories) that has the same traits as a picaresque novel. See discussion under picaresque novel . PICARESQUE NOVEL (from Spanish picaro , a rogue or thief; also called the picaresque narrative and the Räuberroman in German): A humorous novel in public transportation vs private essay which the plot consists of a young knave's misadventures and escapades narrated in comic or satiric scenes. This roguish protagonist--called a picaro --makes his (or sometimes her) way through cunning and roles, trickery rather than through virtue or industry. Essay Topic! The picaro frequently travels from roles essay, place to place engaging in a variety of jobs for several masters and getting into mischief. The picaresque novel is usually episodic in nature and realistic in its presentation of the plans seamier aspects of society. The genre first emerged in 1553 in gender essay the anonymous Spanish work Lazarillo de Tormes , and later Spanish authors like Mateo Aleman and Fracisco Quevedo produced other similar works. The first English specimen was Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller (1594).

Probably the most famous example of the genre is French: Le Sage's Gil Blas (1715), which ensured the genre's continuing influence on literature. Other examples include Defoe's Moll Flanders , Henry Fielding's Jonathan Wild , Smollett's Roderick Random , Thomas Mann's unfinished Felix Krull , and dillard seeing, Saul Bellow's The Adventures of Augie March . The genre has also heavily influenced episodic humorous novels as diverse as Cervantes' Don Quixote and Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of gender essay, Huckleberry Finn . PICKUP SYLLABLE : Another term for annie essays the unstressed syllable in anacrusis . PIDGIN : A simplified, limited language combining features from gender roles essay, many languages and used among persons who share no common language amongst themselves. Public Vs Private! By definition, a pidgin language is not a native language--but rather it is one used between ethnic groups rather than within any particular single ethnic group. However, artificial conditions (such as the enforced assimilation on slave plantations) can cause children to grow up with little use for their native tongues. This can cause the pidgin language to develop into essay, a much richer creole . PIECE-BIEN-FAIT : The French term for transportation the dramatic genre called the well-made play. See discussion under well-made play . PIETAS (Latin, reverance): In Roman times, pietas is the quality of revering those things that deserve reverence. The word is the source for our modern English words piety and piousness (reverence toward the divine), but the Latin term is roles essay, far more all-embracing--indicating not only devotion to transportation, the gods, but also devotion to one's gens (family) and essay, patria (homeland or country). Thus, it also means patriotism and familial responsibility.

In Virgil's Aeneid , one epithet frequently applied to Aeneas is pius Aeneas , implying that Aeneas particularly embodies this quality so valued by the Romans. PILGRIMAGE : An act of spiritual devotion or penance in annie dillard essays which an individual travels without material comforts to a distant holy place. The journey often has spiritual overtones--it may symbolize a journey to roles essay, the celestial city of heaven or repeat the journey of a saint or biblical hero. Pilgrimage has become a prominent symbol in both Western Christian writings and Middle-Eastern Islamic writings. John Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress and online help, Chaucer's Canterbury Tales are two literary examples using the pilgrimage motif . P'ING HUA : A Chinese yarn or tall tale. The genre typically involves a strong narrative presence and gender essay, colloquial or idiomatic Chinese. The tone is essay topic, realistic, but the content is typically fantastic or hyperbolic. Contrast with the Russian skaz . PIT : In indoor theaters during the Renaissance, the gender roles essay most expensive and prestigious bench seating was the buzzword for resume pit--an area directly in gender front of the stage.

The Blackfriar's theater was one such architectural example containing a pit. In later centuries, the musical orchestra would be moved to this position. PITCH : In linguistics, a semi-musical tone or quality used in some languages to distinguish meaning. PLACE OF ARTICULATION : The point in the oral cavity where the position of speech organs (lips, teeth, tongue, etc.) is most important for essays a particular sound. PLACE POEM : A poem whose subject is a specific location, such as a building, a city, a regional geographic feature like a river or hill, or a particular area of the countryside.

Examples include Percy Bysshe Shelley's Mont Blanc, William Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey, or the Galician poems of Rosalia de Castro. Contrast with occasional poem . PLAGIARISM : Accidental or intentional intellectual theft in which a writer, poet, artist, scholar, or student steals an original idea, phrase, or section of writing from someone else and presents this material as his or her own work without indicating the source via appropriate explanation or citation. Click here for more information. PLATONIC : In common usage, people often use the gender word platonic to mean intellectual rather than physical. Thus, a Platonic love-affair is one in which the couple is attracted to essay on future career, each other for mental or psychological qualities rather than bodily attributes. More specifically, however, Platonic philosophy is Plato's idea that behind (or above or outside) the gender essay imperfect physical world, another intangible world of essay on future, abstract ideas has its own existence. These abstract-but-perfect ideas (called Platonic forms ) appear only as dim outlines (or shadows) in the physical world.

For instance, Plato argues that traits such as Justice, Beauty, and roles, Goodness theoretically exist in dissertation help reservation perfect forms. Material creatures, who cannot see or enjoy the abstract quality of Beauty itself, can only enjoy specific manifestations of Beauty--such as sunsets or starlight or silvery snow. What the unenlightened do not realize is that it is not these specific objects they should admire, but the quality of beauty behind them--the form of absolute Beauty that is eternal and unchanging even as specific sunsets fade and gender roles, yearly snowfalls melt away. For Resume! Because these abstract traits remain eternal even as the physical world changes ever, Plato concludes that the Platonic forms are somehow even more real than the concrete things we see, hear, smell, touch, and taste every day. His breathtaking, nearly mystical conclusion is that the physical world is the illusion or dream, and the world of the mind is closer to essay, the real world of the eternal forms. Public Transportation Transportation! Platonic thinking had profound influence on medieval theology and philosophy. In C. Roles Essay! S. Lewis's The Last Battle . Professor Digory Kirke interprets the New Narnia of Heaven's relationship to Narnia and annie essays, England as being one of Platonic forms (spiritual) and Platonic shadows (material) , and Aslan refers to the land of England and Narnia as being Shadowlands, i.e., the world of material shadows rather than spiritual realities. See also Cave, Plato's . Platonic thinking profoundly influences Plotinus, Boethius, Saint Augustine, Castiglione's The Book of the Courtier , Spenser's Hymn in Honor of Beauty, Shelley's Hymn to Intellectual Beauty, and Wordsworth's Ode on Intimations of Immortality from gender roles essay, Recollections of Early Childhood . PLATONIC FORM : The permanent and perfect ideas, images, or patterns of which physical reality is but an imperfect or transitory symbol or expression. See discussion under Platonic for full details. PLAY : A specific piece of drama, usually enacted on a stage by research diverse actors who often wear makeup or costumes to make them resemble the character they portray.

See drama . PLEONASM : A bad habit of speech or writing in which an idea repeats itself in gender a single sentence, i.e., a redundancy. For example, tiny little town is a pleonasm, as opposed to tiny town or little town. Likewise, Shipley points out With mine own ears I hear his voice (429) as a pleonasm. Most modern style books, perhaps influenced by Hemingway, discourage pleonastic constructions as being wordy or repetitive. Buzzword! I also steer students away from them. However, pleonasms have been fashionable in other centuries. Geoffrey of gender, Vinsauf favored them in his twelfth-century style manual, the Poetria Nova. The New Testament book of dissertation reservation system, Mark happily used them, as David Smith points out (8). Consider Mark 13:33, Blepete, agrupneite! (Watch out! Be aware!) in which the author emphasizes alertness by using a pleonasm. PLOT : The structure and gender essay, relationship of actions and events in a work of fiction.

In order for a plot to begin, some sort of catalyst is necessary. While the temporal order of events in research paper the work constitutes the story, we are speaking of plot rather than story as soon as we look at how these events relate to gender, one another and how they are rendered and organized so as to dissertation help system, achieve their particular effects. Note that, while it is most common for events to unfold chronologically or ab ovo (in which the gender first event happens first, the second event happens second, and so on), many stories structure the plot in such a way that the reader encounters happenings out of order. Vs Private Essay! A common technique along this line is to begin the story in the middle of the action, a technique called beginning in medias res (Latin for in the middle[s] of things). Gender Essay! Some narratives involve several short episodic plots occurring one after the essay on future career plans other (like chivalric romances), or they may involve multiple subplots taking place simultaneously with the main plot (as in many of Shakespeare's plays).

PLUCK BUFFET : Anthropologists suggest that pre-adolescent male children in a variety of cultures share the game of pluck buffet. In this game, one child trades blows on the arm or chest with another to gender roles, see who is bravest or toughest. Alternatively, pluck buffet also refers to any game in for resume which two individuals challenge each other to some contest (often archery) and gender, the loser must receive a strike from the winner. For instance, the poem Garland depicts Richard the Lion-Hearted and Robin Hood having an essay topic archery contest, and roles, the loser must Beare a buffet on his hede. This exchange becomes an important theme in essay career ballads like Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne . Pluck buffet may also lie at the heart of a Celtic motif known as the trade of blows in which one warrior agrees to trade strikes with another; in the case of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , pluck buffet takes a potentially lethal turn when Gawain and essay, the green elf-knight play the game using giant axes. POETIC DICTION : Distinctive language used by poets, i.e., language that would not be common in their everyday speech. The most common signs of poetic diction include involve archaisms , neologisms , rhyme , and unusual figures of speech. Annie! Teachers often point to Spenser's use of roles essay, words like gentil and tobraken , or Shakespeare's use of abysm and climature , or Emily Dickinson's use of essay topic, thee and thine . When they ask students, why did this poet write in such a way? students often mistakenly reply, Because that's the way people talked back then. On the contrary, in the 1500s, Spenser is resurrecting language that was common in Chaucer's day in the 1300s--not the language of his own time. The words abysm and climature are made-up words Shakespeare invented from abyss/chasm and climate/temperature , not words he would hear in everyday use on gender roles, the London streets.

Likewise, the pronouns thou/thee/thine faded in the 1600s, long before Emily Dickinson's heyday in the 1800s. These poets chose such language precisely because it is on future career plans, unusual for gender their time--because it is different from annie essays seeing, humdrum ordinary speech. (That's what makes it striking poetry, after all.) The concept of literary decorum (and its requirement for certain genres and gender essay, characters to public transportation, use lofty, elevated language) also generated thick poetic diction. As M. H. Gender Essay! Abrams notes in volume I of plans, The Norton Anthology , the results were phrases such as the finny tribe for essay fish and online dissertation, the the bleating kind for roles sheep (2958). Buzzword! To modern poets, such phrasing might seem overblown.

The point, however, is that poetic diction is vastly different from daily speech. POETIC LICENSE : The freedom of a poet or other literary writer to depart from the norms of common discourse, literal reality, or historical truth in order to create a special effect in gender or for career assessment research the reader. When applied to roles essay, prose writers, the term is often called artistic license. Contrast with verisimilitude . POETIC JUSTICE : The phrase and the idea was coined by Thomas Rymer in annie dillard seeing the late 1600s. He claimed that a narrative or drama should distribute rewards and punishments proportionately to gender, the virtues and villainies of each character in the story. Thus, when a particularly vicious character meets a despicable end appropriate for his crimes, we say it is poetic justice. This formula for resolving plots has fallen into disfavor in later centuries, and no widely influential critics today advocate such a formula without qualifications. POETIC SPEAKER : The narrative or elegiac voice in a poem (such as a sonnet, ode, or lyric) that speaks of his or her situation or feelings. It is a convention in poetry that the speaker is essay topic, not the same individual as the historical author of the poem. For instance, consider the poet Lord Byron's mock epic Don Juan . Lord Byron wrote the poem as a young man in his late twenties.

However, the speaker of the poem depicts himself as being an elderly man looking back cynically on the days of youth. Clearly, the voice talking and narrating the story is not identical with the author. In the same way, the speaker of the essay poem My Last Duchess characterizes himself through his words as a Renaissance nobleman in transportation vs private transportation essay Italy who is cold-blooded--quite capable of murdering a wife who displeases him--but the author of the poem was actually Robert Browning, a mild-mannered English poet writing in the early nineteenth-century. Many students (and literary critics) attempt to decipher clues about the author's own attitudes, beliefs, feelings, or biographical details through the words in a poem. Essay! However, such an activity must always be done with caution. Shakespeare may write a sonnet in which the poetic speaker pours out his passion for a woman with bad breath and wiry black hair (Sonnet 130), but it does not necessarily mean that Shakespeare himself was attracted to halitosis, or that his wife had black hair, or that he had a fling with such a woman. In fact, it is a convention in some genres , such as the seeing medieval visio or dream vision, that the poetic speaker is a dull, imperceptive caricature of the author. See also authorial voice and dream vision , above. POETRY : A variable literary genre characterized by rhythmical patterns of language. These patterns typically consist of patterns of meter (regular patterns of high and low stress), syllabification (the number of syllables in gender roles each line of text), rhyme , alliteration , or combinations of these elements.

The poem typically involves figurative language such as schemes and tropes, and the poem may bend (or outright break) the public vs private essay conventions of normal communicative speech in essay the attempt to embody an original idea or convey a linguistic experience. Many modern students mistakenly believe that rhyme is the dominant feature separating poetry from prose (non-poetic) writings. However, rhyme is actually a fairly recent addition to poetry. In classical Greece and dillard seeing, Rome, meter was the trait that separated poetry from prose. POEISIS (from Greek poieo , to make): In Plato's Symposium , this term refers to act of creating or making something--both in roles the biological act of procreation and in the realm of the mind. It covers the action itself as well as the moment of transition where one thing becomes something new, and assessment, encompasses, as the character Diotima argues in The Symposium, all of the following (1) natural poiesis or reproductive sexuality, (2) poiesis in a city through the attainment of gender, worthy fame, and (3) poiesis in the soul through virtuous habits and moral education. The word is related to the root of the modern English word poetry . POINT OF VIEW : The way a story gets told and who tells it. It is the method of narration that determines the position, or angle of vision, from which the story unfolds. Point of view governs the reader's access to the story. Many narratives appear in the first person (the narrator speaks as I and the narrator is a character in transportation transportation the story who may or may not influence events within it). Essay! Another common type of career paper, narrative is the third-person narrative (the narrator seems to gender essay, be someone standing outside the story who refers to all the characters by research paper name or as he , she , they , and so on).

When the narrator reports speech and roles essay, action, but never comments on the thoughts of other characters, it is the on future dramatic third person point of gender, view or objective point of transportation vs private essay, view. The third-person narrator can be omniscient --a narrator who knows everything that needs to be known about the agents and events in the story, and gender roles, is free to move at will in vs private time and roles, place, and who has privileged access to transportation vs private, a character's thoughts, feelings, and motives. The narrator can also be limited --a narrator who is confined to what is experienced, thought, or felt by gender roles essay a single character, or at most a limited number of characters. Finally, there is the unreliable narrator (a narrator who describes events in for resume the story, but seems to essay, make obvious mistakes or misinterpretations that may be apparent to a careful reader). Unreliable narration often serves to characterize the narrator as someone foolish or unobservant. Online Hotel Reservation System! See also authorial voice . POINT OF VIEW CHARACTER : The central figure in a limited point of view narration, the character through whom the reader experiences the author's representation of the gender world. See point of view , above. POLIS (Greek, City): The Greek city-state, a small, independent government consisting of a single town and essay topic, its immediate environs. Some of these city-states were democracies in which every male citizen voted on gender roles essay, every government action. Annie Dillard Seeing! Others were oligarchies in which a few rich or aristocratic families cooperated and shared powers.

Others were dictatorships in which a single military leader came to power. The two most influential city-states were Athens and Sparta. Gender! They eventually rose to power over their neighbors through combinations of alliances and conquests. Athens was famous for its culture and transportation, art and essay, intellectual life. Sparta was famous for assessment paper its toughness and its martial lifestyle. POLYGENESIS : The theory that, if two similar stories, words, or images appear in two different geographic regions or languages, they are actually unrelated to roles essay, each other. Each one arose independently. Public Transportation Transportation Essay! For an analogy, in both early Mayan architecture and in Egyptian architecture, pyramids are striking engineering features. However, since no contact took place between the two cultures, archeologists believe each group invented the design independently rather than adopting it from gender roles, a single source (such as one group borrowing it from the other). Circumstances such as the lack of mortar, concrete, or flying buttresses ensured that both Mayans and Egyptians would come up with a wide-base structure to support any large edifice--leading to annie, pyramid designs by default.

In the same way, similar legends appear across the world even when each group has no contact with others. Roles Essay! Many cultures that master metallurgy create legends or myths about crippled smiths (witness Hephaestus or Vulcan in Greco-Roman myth, Weiland in Norse and Germanic legend, and Silverhand in Celtic stories). Cultures that do not master metal-smithing do not create crippled craftsmen-gods in their pantheons. This lack can be explained by the theory of buzzword, polygenesis. Men who are crippled cannot join the hunters in gathering food or join the farmers in digging irrigation ditches, so they tend to stay in the village and roles essay, work as craftsmen, developing skills that ultimately seem magical to the untrained without these years of experience. However, the archetype of the crippled craftsman/god does not appear in cultures without the technology of metal-working. In the same way, flood-narratives appear across many cultures--Noah's flood in the Judeo-Christian tradition as well as in Welsh, Chaldean, and Greek legends. Online Dissertation Help Hotel Reservation! Fundamentalist Christian interpretations accordingly see this as evidence of a literal flood occurring world-wide. Scholars of roles essay, myth would argue that myths of a universal flood appear only in cultures that experience flooding regularly as a natural disaster. Aborigines in the Australian outbreak or desert-dwelling tribesmen do not share such a legend, for instance.

This leads to the idea that these flood-narratives arose independently in different places through polygenesis. See also archetype . Contrast with monogenesis . POLYSYLLABIC : Having more than one syllable. POLYSYNDETON : Using many conjunctions to achieve an overwhelming effect in a sentence. For example, This term, I am taking biology and English and history and essay topic, math and music and physics and sociology. All those and s make the student sound like she is completely overwhelmed. It is the opposite of asyndeton . Both polysyndeton and gender roles essay, asyndeton are examples of rhetorical schemes. Annie Seeing! For a literary example of polysyndeton, click here. POLYTHEISM : The belief in gender roles multiple deities--usually non-omniscient and non-omnipotent--in contrast with the idea of a single all-powerful deity. POMP É : In classical Greco-Roman culture, many major festivals were marked by a pompé . A pompé was a combination of essay topic, a parade, pilgrimage, and religious procession.

Worshippers would don special garb, line up in rows by the thousands, and then travel through the city or from one holy site to another (such as from the Parthenon to the site of the Eleusinian mysteries). The most important pompé in gender essay Athens celebrated Athena's birthday. On this day, her shrine would be cleaned and scrubbed, and the cult statue would be physically carried or carted in public vs private essay a procession leading to the Aegean, where it would be cleansed with sea-water and given a new peplos (woman's cloak) to wear for the upcoming year. POOH-POOH HYPOTHESIS : In linguistics, the gender essay idea that language began as emotional outbursts or surprised exclamations; contrast with the bow-wow theory , the ding-dong theory , and the yo-he-ho theory . PORTRAIT EN CREUX : A rhetorical or literary device in which a writer mentions an essay topic absence to evoke the counterpart presence. This is the verbal equivalent of negative space in sculpture or painting.

POSTMODERNISM : A general (and often hotly debated) label referring to the philosophical, artistic, and literary changes and tendencies after the 1940s and roles, 1950s up to the present day. Assessment Paper! We can speak of postmodern art, music, architecture, literature, and poetry using the same generic label. The tendencies of postmodernism include (1) a rejection of traditional authority, (2) radical experimentation--in some cases bordering on gimmickry, (3) eclecticism and multiculturalism, (4) parody and pastiche, (5) deliberate anachronism or surrealism, and (6) a cynical or ironic self-awareness (often postmodernism mocks its own characteristic traits). In many ways, these traits are all features that first appeared in modernism , but postmodernism magnifies and intensifies these earlier characteristics. It also seems to gender roles, me that, while modernism rejected much of tradition, it clung to science as a hopeful and annie dillard, objective cure to the past insanities of history, culture and superstition.

Modernism hoped to tear down tradition and longed to build something better in its ruins. Postmodernism, on the other hand, is often suspicious of scientific claims, and roles, often denies the possibility or desirability of paper, establishing any objective truths and shared cultural standards. It usually embraces pluralism and spurns monolithic beliefs, and it often borders on solipsism. While modernism mourned the roles passing of unified cultural tradition, and wept for its demise in the ruined heap of civilization, so to speak, postmodernism tends to dance in the ruins and play with the fragments. Some of the new literary movements growing from postmodernism include the darker or horrific tales of science fiction, neo-Gothic literature, late twentieth-century horror stories, concrete poetry, magic realism , Theater of the Absurd, and so on. Finally, postmodernism is often used loosely and interchangeably with the critical movements following post-structuralism--the growing realms of dissertation hotel system, Marxist, materialist, feminist, and psychoanalytical approaches to literature that developed during and after the roles essay 1970s. To see where postmodernism fits into a chronology of literary movements, click here for a PDF handout.

POSTPOSITIVE : A function word--often a preposition--that must come after its object rather than before it. By definition, a postpositive word or phrase cannot begin a sentence. Several words in Latin and Greek are postpositives. POST-STRUCTURALISM : A collective and loose term for any of the literary theories appearing after the structuralist movement in online help reservation system linguistics--including Derrida's infamous concept of deconstruction . The more radical poststructuralists attempt to roles, subvert, question, or eliminate common concepts accepted before the structuralist movement--like individual identity, the subconscious mind, rules for social interaction, and so on. PREFIX : A morpheme added to buzzword, the beginning of a word. For instance, the gender roles prefix re- can be added to career paper, the word play to create the gender essay word replay . PREQUEL (formed from the prefix pre - and the root word sequel ): A novel, play, film, or other narrative usually written after the popular success of an earlier work but set before the events in that successful earlier work, and incorporating characters, settings, and situations with which the essay topic audience is roles, already familiar. Contrast with sequel and series . PRE-RAPHAELITE : Pre-Raphaelitism, or the Pre-Raphaelite movement, begins in 1848 as a protest against conventional art and literature. A band of young London artists, poets, and intellectuals formed a brotherhood dedicated to re-creating the type of medieval art existing before the Renaissance . Hence, they took their name from career research, Raphael (1483-1520), the gender roles essay earliest major Renaissance artist in Italy. Like the Romantic poets, Pre-Raphaelites wished to regain the spirit of essay topic, simple devotion and adherence to nature.

Hence, they rejected modernity, mass production, and urbanization. Typical Pre-Raphaelite writings involve an interest in chivalry , courtly love , ballads , archaic diction, pictorial qualities and visual imagery. The first Pre-Raphaelites included Dante Gabriel Rossetti (the ringleader), William Holman Hunt, William Michael Rossetti, Thomas Woolner, James Collinson, John Everett Millais, and Frederick George Stephens initially. The movement later grew to include or influence Dante Rossetti's sister, the poet Christina Rossetti; William Morris, the roles essay craftsman and writer; the author Swinburne, and assessment paper, Burne-Jones the artist. In 1850, they formed their own literary journal, The Germ , to propagate their views and gender essay, writings. Click here to download a PDF file of Christina Rossetti's poem, A Birthday, to essay plans, sample the diction and style of Pre-Raphaelite poetry. PRE-ROMANTICISM : The first phase of the Romantic movement in European literature of the late 1700s and early 1800s. Harkins labels its main traits as greater freedom in expression of personal feelings, a new interest in landscape, the cultivation of medieval, chivalric themes as well as . Roles Essay! . . the supernatural, and the melancholy mood of 'graveyard' poetry (309). See Romanticism for further details. PRESCRIPTIVIST : A grammatical treatise or a lexicon is said to be prescriptivist if it has the buzzword goal of gender roles essay, fashioning guidelines or rules for grammar, spelling, and word use, as opposed to describing unjudgmentally how a group of people tend to use language. Contrast with descriptivist . PRESS VARIANT : Unlike a deliberately revised edition printed at essay topic a later date, a press variant is a minor and usually unintentional variation among books printed in the same edition or print run.

Greenblatt notes they usually result from corrections made in the course of printing or from gender roles, slipped type (1142). PRIESTLY TEXT (Also called the P Text or the Priestly Document ): In biblical scholarship, this refers to material in Genesis and the Hebrew Bible that probably appeared during a late period of career assessment, editing--in contrast with the older J Text and E Text . The name P Text comes from Priestly Text. Priests probably incorporated this material during or soon after the Babylonian exile of 587 BCE--though possibly as recently as 450 BCE. (Some scholars in gender the minority argue that portions of the material might date pre-exilicly from the annie essays seeing late eighth/early seventh century BCE during Hezekiah's reign, but this stance is not widely held.) At the time of the gender roles essay exile, the essay topic Judaic priests were probably desperate to retain their unique monotheistic beliefs in the face of overwhelming Babylonian influence, but they also faced the challenge of harmonizing their world view with that of Babylonian tradition. At this point, many Aramaic (aka Chaldee) loanwords appear in the Hebrew text and they are incorporated into gender essay, the Hebrew Bible thereafter. This influence explains why today most biblical concordances and vs private, dictionaries (such as the roles 1979 version of Strong's Comprehensive Concordance of the Bible ) refer to their Hebrew sections as a Concordance of online help hotel reservation, Hebrew and Chaldean, a Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary, or a Hebrew and Aramaic Dictionary. Christ will still be using some Aramaic terms 400 years later in the New Testament gospels, which show how influential and long-lasting the gender roles linguistic effects of the Exile were on the Hebrew vocabulary.

Biblical scholars think that Genesis 1:1-2:3 and other sections such as Genesis 6 come from the P Text, and these are probably the latest additions to the Genesis account. The foreign loanwords mean these sections couldn't have been written before coming into essay topic, contact with the Chaldeans--at least not in the form in essay which they come down to us today in essay topic surviving manuscripts. Some features of the P text include a stress on ritual observances such as the gender Sabbath, circumcision, and dietary taboos believed to be late additions to buzzword, the religious tradition. Other features of the P text--such as the details of the Passover ritual, ordination ceremonies, and roles, descriptions of the tabernacle--appear to have come from career, now lost older manuscript traditions after being updated and modified in the P tradition. Finally, the P text is marked the essay prominence it gives to Aaron (as opposed to the dominant role of Moses in the J and E texts), the account of Moses' death in Deuteronomy, the legal materials of Leviticus and Numbers, and transportation essay, a series of genealogies showing some influence from Mesopotamian sources. If students are reading a study Bible like the Anchor Bible series, the editors helpfully mark which sections come from the J, E, and roles, P Texts. PRIMARY SOURCE : Literary scholars distinguish between primary sources , secondary sources , and educational resources . Students should also. To understand the difference, click here. PRIMOGENITURE : The late medieval custom of allowing the first born legitimate male child to inherit all of his father's properties, estates, wealth, and titles upon the father's death. Primogeniture was a key issue in determining succession to for resume, the royal throne, and it plays an important part in Edmund's villainy in King Lear , in King Henry V's claim to the French throne in Henry V , and in gender roles many other Shakespearean plays.

In medieval times, primogeniture lead to huge social problems since Western Europe was producing large numbers of second born militarily trained knights who had no means of making a livelihood. Since the transportation essay firstborn son inherited everything, the only legitimate option for the other sons was becoming celibate and gender roles, then joining the church hierarchy as clerics or entering monasteries. Since this was not always a preferable option for hot-blooded young men, many involved themselves in coups to gain the family estate, took up lives of brigandage, or became mercenaries and wandered from transportation, one war to another seeking their fortunes. Gender Roles! When Pope Urban II called the first crusade to reclaim Jerusalem, the church saw that part of the solution to this problem was to provide a legitimate arena of warfare for these dispossessed knights. The opposite custom of dividing inheritance is known as partible succession . PRINTING PRESS : Chinese and buzzword, Japanese inventors developed simple printing techniques centuries earlier in monasteries, but in the 1440s and 1450s, Europe developed printing independently. Even though forerunners of the gender roles essay printed book might have existed in Holland, the most important developments were in Mainz, Germany, where Indulgence was printed in 1454, and the Gutenberg Bible in 1456. Essay Topic! John of Gutenberg is credited with the invention by fifteenth-century writers, and the invention spread rapidly to Italy, France, Holland, and other countries.

William Caxton set up a printing press in essay Europe (Bruges) in 1475, and there printed the first book in English, The Recuyell of the essay topic Historyes of Troye . Returning to England in 1476, Caxton set up his second printing press in Westminster. He next printed a number of Latin texts before printing in English the Dicts or Sayings of the Philosophers (1477), Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1483), Malory's Le Morte Darthur (1485), and roles essay, others for about a hundred titles in total. His assistant, Wynkyn de Worde, took over the business after Caxton's death and published perhaps 800 additional titles. The printing press was a revolution comparable to the modern internet revolution. It made books for the first time cheap enough for mass production and mass purchasing, ensuring a rise in literacy, blurring dialectal vocabularies, spreading geographic and cultural knowledge, and fueling the flames of religious reformation. PRIVATE SYMBOL : In contrast with an archetype (universal symbol), a private symbol is dissertation help hotel reservation system, one that an individual artist arbitrarily assigns a personal meaning to. Nearly all members of an ethnic, religious, or linguistic group might share a cultural symbol and agree upon its meaning with little discussion, but private symbols may only be discernable in the context of one specific story or poem.

Examples of private symbols include the elaborate mythologies created by J. R. Gender! R. Essay Topic! Tolkien in The Silmarillion (such as the One Ring as a symbol of power lust) or William Butler Yeats' use of gender roles essay, Constantinople as a symbol to represent poetic artifice in public transportation Sailing to Byzantium, or Yeats' use of essay, a gyre to symbolize the cycles of history and the sphinx as an emblem of the Antichrist in The Second Coming. Essay Topic! See also token and roles essay, emblem . PROBLEM PLAY : There are two common meanings to this term. (1) The most general usage refers to any play in essay topic which the main character faces a personal, social, political, environmental, or religious problem common to his or her society at large. Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is representative of gender essay, a problem play in that Loman must face the challenges of what the online dissertation hotel system author considers false values in a capitalistic society. (2) In a narrower sense, Shakespearean scholars apply the term problem play to a group of roles, Shakespeare's plays, also called bitter comedies, especially Measure for Measure , Troilus and Cressida , and All's Well That Ends Well . These plays explore dark and ignoble aspects of human psychology without attempting to solve or resolve the plot to the reader's satisfaction beyond a superficial level. Because of the uneasy endings, the essays seeing plays do not seem to follow the standard conventions of Renaissance comedy . PROCATALEPSIS (Greek anticipation): Procatalepsis is a rhetorical strategy in which the writer raises an roles objection and then immediately answers it; by doing so, the rhetor seeks to strengthen his argument by dealing with possible objections before his audience can raise counter-arguments. PROFANITY ACT OF 1606 : This law passed under King James I required that any profanity in a publicly performed play or in published material would result in a ten-pound fine for the performer or printer, a substantial sum.

Three of career research paper, Shakespeare's quartos show signs of revision to essay, meet the buzzword for resume requirement of the gender roles essay Profanity Act, such as omissions of obscenity, the word God changed to help reservation system, heaven, or Jove, etc. Contrast with the Censorship Ordinance . PROLIXITY : A type of wordiness or periphrasis characterized by unnecessary rambling or excessive detail, as Shipley puts it (429). A writer or speaker who has this tendency is said to be prolix. See dicussion under periphrasis . PROLOGUE : (1) In original Greek tragedy, the prologue was either the gender roles essay action or a set of for resume, introductory speeches before the first entry ( parados ) of the chorus. Here, a single actor's monologue or a dialogue between two actors would establish the play's background events. (2) In later literature, a prologue is gender roles essay, a section of any introductory material before the first chapter or the essay plans main material of a prose work, or any such material before the first stanza of a poetic work. PROMPTBOOK : A manuscript of a play adapted for performance by a theatrical company--usually with extra stage directions, notes on special effects or props, and last minute revisions or corrections. In some promptbooks, the roles essay characters' names and speech prefixes are scribbled out and replaced with the names of the actors playing those roles. PROMYTHIUM : A summary of the moral of a fable appearing before the main narrative. If the career assessment research summary is found at the end of the narrative, it is called an epimythium . Contrast with prologue . PRONUNCIATION SPELLING : A new spelling of an old word that more accurately reflects the current pronunciation than the gender original spelling does. PROPAGANDA (Latin, things that must be sent forth): In its original use, the term referred to a committee of cardinals the Roman Catholic church founded in 1622 (the Congregatio de propaganda fide ). This group established specific educational materials to be sent with priests-in-training for on future career plans foreign missions . The term is gender roles essay, today used to refer to information, rumors, ideas, and artwork spread deliberately to help or harm another specific group, movement, belief, institution, or government. The term's connotations are mostly negative.

When literature or journalism is propaganda and when it is not is hotly debated. Career Paper! For instance, the Roman Emperor Augustus commissioned Virgil to write The Aeneid for specific goals. He wanted Virgil to glorify Rome's greatness, instill public pride in gender roles Rome's past, and cultivate traditional Roman virtues such as loyalty to buzzword, the family, the Empire, and the gods. Is this propaganda? Or patriotism? Typically, readers claim a work is propaganda when it sets forth an argument with which they personally disagree. In other cases, readers will call a work propagandistic if they can perceive that the essay characters or the author advances particular doctrines or principles.

Harry Shaw notes: Propaganda is buzzword, attacked by most critics and general readers because it is an attempt to influence opinions and roles, actions deliberately, but by this definition all education and most literature are propagandistic (220). PROPARALEPSIS (plural: proparalepses ): A type of neologism that occurs by adding an extra syllable or letters to the end of a word. For instance, Shakespeare in Hamlet creates the word climature by adding the end of the essay topic word temperature to roles, climate (1.1.12). The wizardly windbag Glyndwr (Glendower) proclaims that he can call spirits from the vasty deep in 1 Henry IV (3.1.52). We would expect him to speak of the for resume vast deep normally. Proparalepsis is an example of a rhetorical scheme. PROPORTIONAL : One of several possible numbering methods in gender essay a language's grammar.

For a discussion of help system, proportionals, see multiplicatives . PROPS (abbreviation of gender essay, stage properties): Handheld objects, furniture and similar items on dissertation help hotel reservation system, stage apart from costumes and the stage scenery itself used to provide verisimilitude , to reinforce the setting , to help characterize the actors holding or wearing them, or to provide visual objects for gender roles practical, symbolic, or demonstrative purposes on the stage. PROSCENIUM : An arch that frames a box set and for resume, holds the roles curtain, thus creating a sort of invisible boundary through which the audience views the on-stage action of a play. PROSE : Any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry. Many modern genres such as short stories, novels, letters, essays, and treatises are typically written in prose. PROSKENION : A raised stage constructed before the skene in essay topic classical Greek drama. The proskenion sharply divided the actors from the chorus, and the elevated height made the gender actors more visible to the audience. PROSODIC SIGNAL : Algeo defines this as the [p]itch, stress, or rhythm as grammatical signals (327). PROSODY (1) : the mechanics of verse poetry--its sounds, rhythms, scansion and meter, stanzaic form, alliteration, assonance, euphony, onomatopoeia, and rhyme. (2) The study or analysis of the previously listed material. This is also called versification . PROSOPOPOEIA (Grk prosopon , face): a form of personification in assessment research which an inanimate object gains the ability to roles, speak. For instance, in the Anglo-Saxon poem, The Dream of the Rood, the for resume wooden cross verbally describes the death of Christ from its own perspective.

Ecocritical writers might describe clearcutting from the viewpoint of the gender tree, and so on. See personification , above. PROSTHESIS : Adding an extra syllable or letters to the beginning of a word for career assessment research poetic effect. Shakespeare writes in gender roles essay his sonnets, All alone, I beweep my outcast state. He could have simply written weep , but beweep matches his meter and is more poetic.

Too many students are all afrightened by the use of prosthesis. Prosthesis creates a poetic effect, turning a run-of-the-mill word into something novel. Essay Topic! Prosthesis is an example of a rhetorical scheme. Gender! It results in a neologism . PROTAGONIST : The main character in a work, on whom the author focuses most of the narrative attention. See character . PROTO-INDO-EUROPEAN : The reconstructed ancestor of all Indo-European languages. Many scholars use this term interchangeably with Indo-European. Annie Dillard Essays! Click here for gender roles essay more information. PROVIDENCE : The theological doctrine stating God's sovereignty--especially his omniscience--allows complete divine control over the universe in the past, present, and future. Career Plans! It connects closely with questions of omniscience, free will and roles essay, predestination. Essay Topic! In John Milton's Paradise Lost , Milton emphasises providence as one of gender roles essay, his themes, depicting a universe in annie which God allows complete free will, but one in which God will ultimately use providence to turn even evil choices and decisions to a greater good in the long run through his own mysterious means. Gender Roles Essay! Cf.

Augustinian time . PRYS (also spelled pris ): The French noun prys , meaning worthiness, is a cognate with the English word price. Prys was rich in connotations, appearing frequently in online help hotel reservation system French chansons de geste and medieval romances . It embodies knightly worthiness on gender essay, a number of levels. A knight who has prys is loyal, brave, polite, courtly, proud, refined in buzzword taste, and roles, perhaps a bit foolhardy and essay topic, arrogant, quick to take anger at an insult and fast to accept a challenge or dual. Chaucer uses this term to describe the gender Knight in the General Prologue of The Canterbury Tales : PSYCHOLOGICAL REALISM : The sense that characters in fictional narratives have realistic interiority or complex emotional and intellectual depth, including perhaps subconscious urges and fears they are not aware of. On an outward level, this realism typically involves reacting to external characters and assessment research paper, situations in a manner consistent with the expectations of readers ( verisimilitude ). On an internal level, it may involve the revelation of characters' thoughts and internal meditations about gender roles themselves and others. Such internal machinations are a standard part of Elizabethan drama in the form of the soliloquy . However, psychological realism is associated most closely with the essay topic movement toward realism and gender, naturalism in the nineteenth- and twentieth-centuries. After psychoanalysis appeared, Freudian ideas influenced many writers who sought to incorporate his theories into their own depictions of characters. Whether or not we can speak of for resume, psychological realism in literary works before the Renaissance is a thorny issue.

Medieval saint's lives ( vitae ) , chivalric romances , sagas , and most other pre-Renaissance literary texts pay little attention to psychology, rarely describing a character's internal thoughts beyond a sparse assertion that a character was angry, sad, or lonely (and that assertion often made as part of a stock formula, such as Then King Arthur fared wondrously woode.) Often ancient works are so focused on allegory to the exclusion of psychology that some critics assert pre-Renaissance writers and gender essay, readers had very little sense of interiority or any unique self apart from tribe, family, religious caste, occupation, or social standing. The difference is so marked that some scholars like Harold Bloom speak of the invention of the human in online help the Renaissance. On the other hand, it is difficult to read something like The Confessions of gender roles, Saint Augustine without getting a sense of career assessment research paper, a real human being intensely aware of his own psychology. Essay! Possibly, the on future plans difference is essay, rooted in essay topic conventions of literature rather than any actual historical change in human self-awareness, but the debate continues. PSYCHOPOMPOS (Greek, soul procession or soul carrier): A spirit-guide who leads or escorts a soul into the realm of the dead. Such a character often appears in the motif of the descent into the underworld . Examples of a psychopompos would be deities like Hermes and Charon in gender essay Greek mythology, or the characters of Virgil and Beatrice in Dante's Inferno . PULP FICTION : Mass market novels printed cheaply and intended for a general audience. The content was usually melodramatic, titillating, or thrilling. The earliest samples are the penny dreadfuls or bloods of the eighteenth century, which were followed in the nineteenth century by so-called dime novels (which were sold for ten cents). Examples included westerns, Horatio Alger novels, soft science fiction series, murder mysteries in serialized format, and melodramtic crime stories. Assessment Paper! The designation pulp comes from the paper quality--these novels are usually printed on gender essay, the cheapest newsprint available.

PUN (also called paronomasia ): A play on two words similar in essay topic sound but different in meaning. For example, in Matthew 16:18, Christ puns in gender Koine Greek: Thou art Peter [ Petros ] and upon this rock [ petra ] I will build my church. Shakespeare, in Romeo and Juliet , puns upon Romeo's vile death ( vile = vial , the vial of poison Romeo consumed). Shakespeare's poetic speaker also puns upon his first name ( Will ) and his lover's desire (her will ) in the sonnets, and John Donne puns upon his last name in Hymn to God the Father. Originally, puns were a common literary trope in serious literature, but after the eighteenth century, puns have been primarily considered a low form of humor. A specific type of pun known as the equivoque involves a single phrase or word with differing meanings.

For instance, one epitaph for annie dillard essays a bank teller reads He checked his cash, cashed in his checks, / And left his window. Roles Essay! / Who's next? The nineteenth-century poet, Anita Owen, uses a pun to public vs private transportation essay, side-splitting effect in her verse: They tell sweet lies of Paradise; And in those eyes the lovelight lies. And lies--and lies--and lies! Another type of essay, pun is the asteismus , in essay topic which one speaker uses a word one way, but a second speaker responds using the word in a different sense. For instance, in Cymbeline (II, i), Cloten exclaims, Would he had been one of my rank! A lord retorts, To have smell'd like a fool, twisting the meaning of rank from a noun referring to gender, noble status to an adjective connoting a foul smell.

Yet another form of essay topic, pun is the paragram , in which the wordplay involves altering one or more letters in a word. It is often considered a low form of humor, as in various knock-knock jokes or puns such as, What's homicidal and lives in the sea? Answer: Jack the Kipper, or in Chapter Four of C.S. Lewis' The Silver Chair , which is titled A Parliament of Owls (a pun on Chaucer's Parliament of Fowles ). In spite of the pun's current low reputation, some of the best writers in English have been notoriously addicted to puns: noticeably Shakespeare, Chaucer, and James Joyce. PURGATORY (Latin, purgare , to purge): Donald Logan writes: The medieval and Catholic doctrine of purgatory stated that Christian souls who had accepted rites of baptism and roles essay, been accepted into the body of the faithful church, but who died unexpectedly with unconfessed sins or minor venial faults, would not be sent to seeing, hell, but would rather spend an indeterminate period in a spiritual place of temporal punishment.

The same temporary suffering was believed to be the fate of baptised infants who had not yet reached the age of reason where they could choose to accept Christian doctrine and roles, make first confession. In this spiritual place, popularly called purgatory, such souls would suffer for buzzword for resume a time as an act of penance. Essay! This would purify them so they could enter heaven. The Council of annie, Florence (1431 AD) was the first time the gender roles essay church officially embraced purgatory as a doctrine, but the belief in purgatory had long been a part of church practice going back to the patristic period of the fourth century, when Epiphanius mentions the practice of praying for assessment deceased souls in gender order to lessen their time in purgatory. It is clear, however, that at this early point, the issue of hell, purgatory, and the afterlife was still a matter of dispute among proto-Christians, as theologians like Acrius denied the doctrine. The popularity of purgatorial doctrine increased, and by essay topic the tenth century, it was practically universally accepted in the church. In the Middle Ages, some heretical groups like the Albigensians, the Waldensians, and roles, the Hussites challenged the annie seeing belief, but the first serious breach with the doctrine appears in the sixteenth-century during the Protestant Reformation. At that time, Martin Luther initially considered retaining the doctrine of Purgatory in the Lutheran Church, as witnessed in the Leipzig Disputation, but as the breach between Catholics and Protestants increased, political pressure to roles, make a clean break with popishness decided the issue. Seeing! The rejection of gender, purgatory became practically universal among the Protestant churches. John Calvin's doctrine was especially sharp in its break, and dillard, Calvinist teaching included the doctrine of infant damnation, in which all children who die in the womb, in childbirth, or during infancy were damned for eternity in hell. Calvin went so far as to term the Catholic position exitiale commentum quod crucem Christi evacuat . . Gender Roles Essay! . quod fidem nostram labefacit et evertit ( Institutiones , lib.

III, cap. v, 6, quoted in The Catholic Encyclopedia ). The modern Greek Orthodox church has also discontinued the purgatorial doctrine. Click here for a link to The Catholic Encyclopedia 's discussion of dissertation reservation system, purgatory that is much more thorough than mine. The doctrine and gender essay, imagery of purgatory is especially prevalent in medieval literature. It is the focus of Marie de France's Saint Patrick's Purgatory . The Purgatorio , the second book of for resume, Dante's Divine Comedy , involves a spiritual journey through purgatory just after the poet's trip through the Inferno . C. S. Lewis explores the question of purgatory in The Great Divorce , where he attempts to have his cake and eat it too by suggesting purgatory does and does not exist simultaneously, arguing that we experience purgatory temporally and perceive it as a real thing, but in Augustinian time , we are able to see that purgatory (and material life on earth) on roles essay, some level always have been heaven or hell, when we examine the afterlife sub specie aeternitatis . PURIST GRAMMAR (also called Grammatical Purism ): The belief in an absolute or unchanging standard of correct grammar. PURITAN : Most familiar to modern Americans as the religious denomination of the Mayflower colonists, the Puritans were a Protestant sect particularly active during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In a positive sense, Americans associate Puritanism with the public transportation transportation struggle for roles religious freedom since the dissertation hotel reservation system Puritans colonized America to escape religious persecution; however, the idea is something of a misconception since the Puritans' hope was to create an all-encompassing Puritan culture in the new colony, not to create a cosmopolitan, tolerant society open to other branches of gender essay, Protestant Christianity, much less Catholicism, Judaism, or other religions. (That sort of religious tolerance comes about in American culture largely as a result of the Deism fashionable among intellectuals in the eighteenth century during the writing of the Constitution.) In its negative sense, the word Puritan often evokes the on future career plans idea of dour, grim, religious conformity, since Puritans stereotypically wore only black and roles essay, white; they frowned upon essay topic drinking, dancing, and displays of sexuality; burned aging misfits as witches; censored literature, and closed Shakespeare's playhouses in England because of acting's immorality. These tendencies have led to roles, H. L. Mencken's jest defining Puritanism as the haunting fear that someone, somewhere, may be happy. Puritanism forms the backdrop of The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible in paper American literature. Essay! Shakespeare uses a Puritan named Malvolio as the party-pooping villain in Twelfth Night . See also Roundhead and Puritan Interregnum . PURITAN INTERREGNUM (Latin, inter + regnum , between reigns): The term refers to essay topic, both the Puritan government established under Oliver Cromwell after a civil war against the British monarch and gender, those years in which that government lasted (1649-1658). Help Reservation System! This interregnum marks the end of the English Renaissance.

It came into being after a long civil war between two political factions, the gender essay Roundheads , non-aristocrats who supported Puritan reforms, and the Cavaliers , the aristocratic courtiers loyal to the monarchy. Ultimately, the Stuart monarch was captured and executed, and career, his supporters fled to the continent with the heir to essay, the throne, leaving the Puritans in power. The Puritans called their regime the Commonwealth, and it was nominally a parliamentarian government but a de facto dictatorship under Cromwell. This government fell apart upon Cromwell's death. At that point, the English royal heir returned to claim the throne, leading to buzzword for resume, the Restoration . See also Puritan , above. PURPLE PATCH : A section of purple prose or writing that is too ornate or florid for the surrounding plain material, which in turn looks too tranquil or dull by roles essay the incongruity of the startling purple patch. The colorful image for transportation vs private transportation this term comes from Horace's Ars Poetica 2.3.14-19, where he refers to the purpureus pannus , the purple piece of royal or princely cloth that is a colorful but irrelevant insertion into gender essay, a plain-speaking work. PURPLE PROSE : Writing that seems overdone or which makes excessive use of imagery, figures of speech, poetic diction, and polysyllabication. These artifices become so overblown that they accidentally become silly or pompous. See also purple patch . PUSHKIN PLEIAD : A group of young Russian poets, friends and contemporaries of career plans, Pushkin, who shared his general poetic outlook--including Vyazemski, Dadydov, Delvig, Yzykov, Venevitinov, and gender, Baratynski (Harkins 323). PYRRHIC : In classical Greek or Latin poetry, this foot consists of two unaccented syllables--the opposite essays seeing of a spondee . Gender Essay! At best, a pyrrhic foot is an unusual aberration in essay career plans English verse, and most prosodists (including me!) do not accept it as a foot at all because it contains no accented syllable.

Normally, the context or prevailing iambs, trochees, or spondees in surrounding lines overwhelms any potential pyrrhic foot, and a speaker reading the foot aloud will tend artificially to stress either the first or last syllable. See meter for more information.