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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Persuasive! One of the best ways to prepare for the DBQ (the “document-based question” on essay ghosts, the AP European History, AP US History, and AP World History exams) is to look over speeches sample questions and example essays. This will help you to get a sense of what makes a good (and what makes a bad) DBQ response. That said, not all DBQ essay examples are created equal. I’ll briefly cover what makes a good DBQ example, then provide a list of example essays by course. Lastly, I’ve provided some tips as how to best use sample essays in your own preparation process. Not! Without a doubt, the best sample resources come from the College Board. This is persuasive because they are the ones who design and administer the AP exams. This means that: Any DBQ essay example that they provide will include a real DBQ prompt. Essay! All samples are real student responses from previous years, so you know that they were written under the same conditions you will be working under when you write your DBQ.
In other words, they're authentic! They not only have scores, they have explanations of each essay's score according to the terms of the rubric. Each prompt includes several sample essays with a variety of scores. Persuasive! However, there are some examples outside those available from the College Board that may be worth looking at, particularly if they highlight how a particular essay could be improved. But in general, a superior example will: Include the prompt and critical essays on resistance in education, documents. It will be much easier for you to see how the information from the documents is integrated into the essay if you can actually look at speeches the documents. Short! Have a score. Seems simple, but you'd be surprised how many DBQ examples out persuasive in history, there in the uncharted internet don't have one. Essay! Without a real, official score, it's hard to gauge how trustworthy a sample actually is.
With that in mind, I have below compiled lists by exam of high-quality example DBQs. Don't spend all your study time sharpening your pencil. Every DBQ Example Essay You Could Ever Need, by Exam. Here are your example essays! We'll start with AP US History, then move to speeches in history AP European History, and finally wrap up with AP World History.
AP US History: Official College Board Examples. Because of the recent test redesign, the College Board has only posted sample responses from 2016 and 2015. Essay Microsoft Monopoly Not! This means there are only persuasive in history, two official College Board set of sample essays that use the current rubric. Look here for the free-response questions from 2015 and the ones from 2016 with no analysis (so you can look at essays betrayal short the question separately from the scoring guidelines). When you're ready for the sample responses, here are the persuasive in history DBQ samples from 2015 and the samples from aqa gcse 2016.
If you want to see additional sample sets, you can also look at speeches older College Board US History DBQ example response sets , all the essay microsoft not way back to persuasive speeches in history 2003. On My! To look at these questions, click “Free-Response Questions” for speeches in history a given year. For the corresponding DBQ examples and scoring guidelines, click “Sample Responses Q1.” Note that these use the old rubric (which is integrated into the Scoring Guidelines for a given free-response section). General comments about the quality of the essay, outside information, and document analysis still apply, but the score is on a nine-point scale instead of the new seven-point scale, and some of the on my family particulars will be different. Older DBQs had up to 12 documents, while the new format will have six-seven documents. If you do look at persuasive speeches in history older DBQ examples, I recommend using the new rubric to “re-grade” the essays in the sample according to the new seven-scale score. Nacac Essay! I'll also give more advice on speeches in history, how to use all of these samples in your prep later on.
Mr. Bald Eagle is an AP US History DBQ Grader in his spare time. AP European History: Official College Board Examples. Unfortunately, sample resources for the AP Euro DBQ are a little sparse than for the other essays, because this past year (2016) was the first year the test was administered in the new format. This means that there is only one set of official samples graded with the current seven-point rubric. The rest of the existing available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format implemented this past year. In the old format there were six “core” points and then three additional points possible. The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: In the old format, you are given a brief “historical background” section before the documents. Coursework! There are more documents—up to twelve.
The new format will have 6-7. There is an speeches emphasis on essay in film, “grouping” the documents that is not present in the new rubric. There is also an persuasive explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the documents that is not found in essay microsoft monopoly, the new rubric. The essential components of the DBQ are still the same between the two formats, although you should definitely look at the new rubric if you look at any of the old AP European History samples. You may actually find it useful to speeches in history look at the old essays and score them according to essay ghosts in film the new rubric. Samples by year: You can get samples in the old format all the way back to 2003 from the College Board . In History! (Click “Free-Response Questions” for family the questions and “Sample Responses Q1” for speeches the samples.) If you want to check out some additional DBQ sample responses that were graded by the College Board with the an essay new rubric, look at the 2015 AP US History samples and persuasive, the 2016 AP US history samples . The content will of nacac essay course be different, but the persuasive in history structure and scoring are the same as they will be for the AP Euro 2016 test.
AP European History: Unofficial Samples. Because of the rubric revision, other European History-specific samples are also in the old format. This means there’s not much to be gained by looking outside the nacac essay College Board’s extensive archives. However, the New York State Regents exam also has a DBQ on it. The format is not identical and it is persuasive scored out of 5 under a different rubric, but I do like this European-History themed example from Regents Prep because it has highlighted sections that show where the documents are used versus where outside information is referenced. Essays Betrayal! This will give you a good visual of how you might integrate outside information with the analysis of your documents. Consider how you might integrate this castle into the DBQ that is speeches in history your life. AP World History: Official College Board Examples. The World History AP exam has just been transitioned to an essay on my family a new format to more resemble AP US History and AP European History for the 2017 test.
This means that all currently available samples were graded in the old, nine-point format instead of the seven-point format to be implemented this year. In the old format there were seven “core” points and then two additional points possible. The old rubric is integrated with the sample responses for speeches each question, but I’ll highlight some key differences between the old and new formats: There are more documents—up to ten. The new format will have 6-7. There is an emphasis on “grouping” the essay ghosts in film documents on the old rubric that is speeches in history not present in the new rubric. There is also an explicit emphasis on correctly interpreting the documents that is an essay not found in the new rubric. In the old rubric, you need to identify one additional document that would aid in your analysis. The new rubric does not have this requirement. The essential components of the DBQ are still the same between the two formats, although you should definitely look at speeches the new rubric if you look at any of the old AP World History samples.
You may actually find it useful to look at the old essays and essay, score them according to the new rubric. For whatever reason the questions and the samples with scoring notes are completely separate documents for speeches World History, so you’ll need to click separate links to get the monopoly question and documents and persuasive speeches in history, then the responses. If you want to take a look at some DBQs that have been graded with the new rubric, you could check out the 2015 and nacac essay, 2016 samples from speeches AP US History and the 2016 samples from in film AP European History. The historical content is different, but this will give you an persuasive speeches in history idea of how the essay ghosts new rubric is implemented. Don't worry, the old format isn't as old as this guy right here. In History! How Should I Use DBQ Examples to Prepare? So, now that you have all of critical essays on resistance these examples, what should you do with them?
I'll go over some tips as to how you can use example DBQs in your own studying, including when to start using them and how many you should plan to persuasive in history review. College Board sample essay sets are a great way to test how well you understand the rubric . This is on my family why I recommend that you grade a sample set early on in your study process—maybe even before you've written a practice DBQ. Then, when you compare the scores you gave to the scores and scoring notes for the samples, you'll have a good idea of what parts of the rubric you don't really understand . If there are points that you are consistently awarding differently than the graders, you’ll know those are skills to persuasive in history work on. On My Family! Keep giving points for the thesis and then finding out the sample didn't get those points? You'll know that you need to work on your thesis skills. Not giving points for historical context and then finding out the AP Grader gave full credit? You need to work on recognizing what constitutes historical context according to speeches in history the AP. You can check out my tips on building specific rubric-based skills in my article on coursework, how to write a DBQ. Once you've worked on some of those rubric skills that you are weaker on, like evaluating a good thesis or identifying document groups, grade another sample set. This way you can see how your ability to grade the essays like an AP grader improves over time!
Obviously, grading sample exams is a much more difficult proposition when you are looking at examples in an old format (e.g. AP European History or AP World History samples). Persuasive In History! The old scores as awarded by the College Board will be helpful in establishing a ballpark—obviously a 9 is still going to be a good essay under the 7-point scale—but there may be some modest differences in grades between the two scales. Critical Essays On Resistance! (Maybe that perfect 9 is now a 6 out of 7 due to rubric changes.) For practice grading with old samples, you might want to pull out two copies of the persuasive speeches new rubric, recruit a trusted study buddy or academic advisor (or even two study buddies!), and each re-grade the samples. Critical On Resistance! Then, you can discuss any major differences in the grades you awarded. Having multiple sets of eyes will help you see if the scores you are giving are reasonable, since you won’t have an official seven-point College Board score for comparison. How Many Example DBQs Should I Be Using?
The answer to this question depends on your study plans! If it's six months before the exam and you plan on transforming yourself into persuasive in history a hard diamond of DBQ excellence, you might complete some practice grading on a sample set every few weeks to a month to microsoft check in on your progress towards thinking like an AP grader. In this case you would probably use six to persuasive nine College Board sample sets. If, on essays, the other hand, the exam is in a month and you are just trying to get in some skill-polishing, you might do a sample set every week to 10 days. Speeches In History! It makes sense to ghosts check in on your skills more often when you have less time to study, because you want to be extra-sure that you are focusing your time on the skills that need the most work.
So for persuasive speeches a short time frame, expect to use somewhere in the range of three to on my four range College Board sample sets. Either way, you should be integrating your sample essay grading with skills practice, and doing some practice DBQ writing of your own . Towards the end of your study time you could even integrate DBQ writing practice with sample grading. Persuasive In History! Read and coursework, complete a timed prompt, then grade the sample set for that prompt, including yours! The other essays will help give you a sense of what score your essay might have gotten that year and any areas you may have overlooked. There's no one-size-fits-all approach to using sample sets, but in general they are a useful tool for making sure you have a good idea what the DBQ graders will be looking for speeches in history when you write your DBQ. Essays Betrayal Short! Hey, where can we find a good DBQ around here? Example DBQ essays are a valuable resource in your arsenal of study strategies for the AP History exams. Grading samples carefully will help you get a sense of your own blind spots so you know what skills to focus on in your own prep.
That said, sample essays are most useful when integrated with your own targeted skills preparation. Persuasive In History! Grading a hundred sample essays won't help you if you aren't practicing your skills; you will just keep making the essay ghosts in film same mistakes over persuasive speeches and over essay ghosts in film again. Persuasive! And make sure you aren't using sample essays to avoid actually writing practice DBQs--you'll want to do at least a couple even if you only have a month to practice. There you have it, folks. With this list of essays on resistance in education DBQ examples and tips on how to use them, you are all prepared to integrate samples into your study strategy! Still not sure what a DBQ is? Check out my explanation of the DBQ. Want tips on how to really dig in and study? I have a complete how-to guide on preparing and writing the DBQ (coming soon). If you're still studying for AP World History, check out our Best AP World History Study Guide or get more practice tests from our complete list. Want more material for AP US History?
Look into this article on the best notes to use for studying from one of speeches our experts. Also check out her review of the best AP US History textbooks! Want to essay ghosts in film improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at speeches in history improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to aqa gcse coursework helping students succeed in speeches, all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in Folklore and Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at ghosts in film Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?
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Roundtable 1-3 on The Hawk and the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and the History of the Cold War. N icholas Thompson has taken an imaginative approach to the Cold War by presenting a comparative study of the public careers of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, two significant U.S. officials who participated in the Cold War from its post-WWII origins to its surprising conclusion. With access to the records of his grandfather, Nitze, and the diaries of Kennan, Thompson is able to develop their evolving relationship and the impact of their respective temperament, experience, and ambition on their policy views and persuasive speeches in history involvement in the Cold War. H- Diplo | ISSF Roundtable , Volume I, No. 3 (2010) Diane Labrosse and Thomas Maddux, H-Diplo/ISSF Editors. George Fujii, H-Diplo/ISSF Web and Production Editor. Commissioned for H-Diplo/ISSF by essays, Thomas Maddux. H- Diplo | ISSF Roundtable on Nicholas Thompson. The Hawk and the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and the History of the Cold War . New York: Henry Holt and speeches Company, 2009. Published by H-Diplo/ISSF on 15 November 2010 (updated on 24 November 2010)
PDF: http://issforum.org/ISSF/PDF/ISSF-Roundtable-1-3.pdf. Introduction by microsoft, Thomas Maddux, California State University, Northridge. 2. Review by Joshua Botts, Office of the Historian, Department of State. In History? 6.
Review by Jerald A. Combs, Professor of History Emeritus, San Francisco State University 10. Review by Sarah-Jane Corke, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 15. Review by Alonzo L. Hamby, Ohio University. 18. Response by on resistance in education, Nicholas Thompson, The New Yorker . 22. Introduction by Thomas Maddux, California State University, Northridge. N icholas Thompson has taken an imaginative approach to the Cold War by presenting a comparative study of the public careers of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, two significant U.S. Persuasive In History? officials who participated in coursework the Cold War from its post-WWII origins to its surprising conclusion. Speeches In History? With access to the records of his grandfather, Nitze, and in film the diaries of Kennan, Thompson is able to develop their evolving relationship and the impact of their respective temperament, experience, and ambition on persuasive in history their policy views and an essay involvement in the Cold War. The book’s title, The Hawk and the Dove , suggests a sharp divergence between Nitze and persuasive speeches Kennan, but the reviewers favorably note that Thompson explores both the strengths they displayed in working together in the early Cold War years and the differences that became increasingly evident in the 1970s and 1980s.
Jerald Combs, for example, notes the successful cooperation of Nitze and Kennan in the development of containment, particularly the Marshall Plan, their similar views on keeping Germany together, their agreement on microsoft intervention in Korea and preference to keep the conflict limited by stopping at persuasive in history, the 38 th parallel in in education 1950. Persuasive Speeches? Joshua Botts also points out shared reservations about Vietnam in the 1960s, although Kennan went public with his criticism whereas Nitze kept his reservations within closed doors as he served in microsoft not Robert McNamara’s Pentagon and, like many officials, failed to make a strong stance in persuasive person when questioned by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965. (pp. 201-202). The emerging differences between Nitze and Kennan receive more assessment by Thompson, although the reviewers would have welcomed more analysis in essay ghosts in film this area. Sarah-Jane Corke questions Thompson’s view that containment rather than roll-back remained the central U.S. In History? strategy and suggests that Thompson fails to evaluate Nitze’s views on covert operations and roll-back.
Alonzo Hamby and Joshua Botts favorably note Thompson’s emphasis on the different views that Kennan and Nitze held about what the U.S. Nacac Essay? could accomplish in international relations with the latter being far more optimistic throughout their careers and persuasive speeches the former becoming more pessimistic after leaving the State Department and brief service as Ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1952 and Ambassador to Yugoslavia in 1961-62. Hamby also highlights their different views on the role of military power. Despite a lack of ghosts, precision in persuasive speeches in history his “Article X” on essays betrayal short story containment and willingness to support force in persuasive in history Korea and covert political operations, Kennan clearly favored diplomacy and non-military means to address Cold War issues. As Thompson points out, Kennan opposed the decision to build the hydrogen bomb and the NATO military dimension of the North Atlantic alliance. Essay? Nitze, on the other hand, was more comfortable with military power and persuasive speeches in history developed a correlation of forces concept in which he believed that good things would move in the U.S.’s favor if it maintained a favorable balance of monopoly, power vis-a-vis the Soviet Union and its allies. As Kennan’s successor as head of the Policy Planning Staff in the State Department, Nitze directed the preparation of NSC-68 which provided the speeches in history rationale for a major buildup of U.S. nuclear and conventional forces around the globe and transformed Kennan’s containment strategy. Thompson also illustrates that underlying Nitze and Kennan’s growing disagreements was a fundamental difference on how to evaluate the challenges posed by the Soviet Union. As the reviewers note, Nitze put the highest importance on available means. When the Soviet Union began to catch up with the U.S. in number of aqa gcse, intercontinental missiles and speeches obtain an advantage in total throw weight, i.e., the “heft of the weaponry each missile could carry over essays story a particular range,” (p. 232), Nitze, as a participant in the SALT negotiations, became increasingly concerned about an persuasive in history, unfavorable correlation of forces, worried about a Soviet first strike with missiles, and turned against detente, Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, and Jimmy Carter. In part a personal response to perceived mistreatment by an essay on my family, Nixon and Kissinger and a failure to connect with Carter, Nitze became a founder of the Committee on persuasive speeches Public Danger in 1976 and active public critic of SALT II.
Kennan, however, emphasized that intentions had to be considered and not just the available military power. Since 1945 Kennan had viewed the Soviet Union as a political challenge to an essay on my the U.S. and not a military threat. Consequently, he dismissed Nitze’s preoccupation with missile throw-weight as far too limited of a measure of the Soviet challenge. Persuasive Speeches? Furthermore, Kennan worried about the U.S. Nacac Essay? ability to maintain control and restraint with increasing nuclear forces that would look offensive to the Soviet Union. Thompson points out that by the late 1970s Nitze and Kennan, as leaders of rival organizations, the persuasive speeches in history Committee on essay monopoly Public Danger and persuasive the American Committee on East-West Accord, focused on reducing tensions among the superpowers, engaged in a public campaign against each other on talk shows, before Congress, and in the press. Family? (pp.
270-272) Most of the reviewers note that Thompson does not take sides on Nitze and Kennan and persuasive is not uncritical of either of them. Botts notes that Thompson discusses Kennan’s contradictions, his involvement in essay ghosts in film FBI surveillance of Americans in the 1960s, and his growing criticism of U.S. democracy and leadership in foreign policy with overtones of dismay at the loss of leadership by white males with elitist training and in history culture. (pp. 40-41, 222, 237-239) Combs detects a pattern in Nitze’s behavior from Thompson’s study: when Nitze was out of power he lacked restraint and engaged in several disreputable attacks on officials and friends such as Paul Warnke whom Carter picked to lead SALT negotiations rather than Nitze; when in a position of influence, such as Ronald Reagan’s arms control negotiator, Nitze attempted unsuccessfully to negotiate a compromise agreement on intermediate range missiles. In conclusion, Thompson gives both men credit for their contributions to an essay on my the successful end to the Cold War and stresses that they complemented each other with Kennan playing a “crucial role, both in framing the conflict and then serving as the nation’s conscience as those horrifying weapons hypnotized the superpowers more and more.
Kennan, the outsider, accurately foresaw how the speeches in history Cold War would play out. Essays In Education? Nitze, the in history insider helped bring about the Cold War’s end by behaving as if Kennan’s prophecy would never come true.” (p. 313) Corke, however, found a “gendered binary where Nitze appears the masculine ideal and Kennan feminine,” and Corke offers a number of contrasts in critical the depictions of the two strategists. In History? (2-3) The reviewers do raise some reservations about ghosts in film, Thompson’s study particularly with respect to speeches the Cold War context and specific issues. Essay? Combs suggests that the Cold War context “is often rendered so briefly and with such lack of nuance that a non-expert would have difficulty judging the wisdom or foolishness of the policies advocated by” Nitze and Kennan. (1) Where the two advisers were in agreement on policy in speeches in history the early Cold War, Combs points to a lack of analysis on the Soviet perspective and essay in film concerns.
When Thompson shifts to their areas of disagreement, Combs finds “far more precision and nuance” as Thompson develops more of the Soviet side on arms negotiations. Botts goes further than Combs in in history concluding that throughout the study Thompson failed to nacac essay adequately explain “why Soviet leaders did what they did or how American policy influenced their choices” which makes it difficult to judge the debate between Kennan and Nitze: “Did Soviet leaders see their arms buildup as a way to open a ‘window of vulnerability’ for persuasive in history, the United States that would break the will of the free world as Nitze and his allies in the Committee for the Present Danger argued in the late 1970s? Or did they, as Kennan alleged, invest heavily in nuclear weapons because of deeply-held anxieties about the vulnerabilities of their own society and their concerns about the ghosts West’s sophisticated nuclear arsenal and persuasive in history the first-use doctrine embedded in NATO war plans?” (3) Thompson does refer to post-1990s studies and essays story interviews of Soviet military planners and strategists that tend to speeches provide more support for Kennan’s perspective than that of Nitze. (pp. Critical On Resistance? 261-262) Since Kennan produced a number of historical works and foreign policy prescriptions, Hamby would have welcomed more attention to these studies, although this would necessarily take some attention away from the close comparison of Kennan with Nitze, who was far more actively engaged in policy making and produced few studies besides a memoir.
Hamby notes Kennan’s reputation as a realist and the desirability of placing him in the context of persuasive speeches, foreign policy realism and his contemporaries such as Hans J. Morgenthau and Reinhold Niebuhr. Kennan’s many studies dealing with Russia, Soviet-American relations, and his personal experiences in essays story Moscow in the 1930s would have strengthened our understanding on his assumptions about the Soviet challenge and how to deal with Moscow. After the persuasive roundtable was organized, Nicholas Thompson was appointed senior editor of The New Yorker. Despite many efforts, we have not been able to make contact with him since that time and thus have decided to move forward with the roundtable. Nicholas Thompson is essays story a senior editor at the New Yorker , a contributor to CNN International, a contributing editor at Bloomberg Television, and a senior fellow in the American Strategy Program at the New America Foundation. Joshua Botts earned his Ph.D. in history from the University of Virginia in persuasive 2009.
His dissertation examines neoconservative strategic culture during and after the Cold War. He also wrote “‘Nothing to Seek and … Nothing to Defend’: George F. Kennan’s Core Values and American Foreign Policy, 1938-1993,” which appeared in Diplomatic History in November 2006. He is currently a historian at the U.S. Department of betrayal short story, State. Jerald A. Combs (Ph.D. Persuasive Speeches? UCLA 1964) is Professor of History Emeritus at San Francisco State University where he retired after serving nine years as chair of the History Department and essay microsoft two years as Dean of Undergraduate Studies. He is the author of The Jay Treaty: Political Battleground of the Founding Fathers (University of California Press, 1970); American Diplomatic History: Two Centuries of persuasive in history, Changing Interpretations (University of California Press, 1983); and The History of nacac essay, American Foreign Policy (3d ed., M.E. Sharpe, 2008). His latest publication is “A Missed Chance for speeches in history, Peace? Opportunities for Detente in Europe,” in The Cold War after Stalin’s Death: A Missed Opportunity for Peace? edited by in film, Klaus Larres and Kenneth Osgood (Rowman and Littlefield, 2006). Sarah-Jane Corke is an assistant professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
She graduated with a Ph.D. Speeches? from the University of New Brunswick in 2000. Her first book is on American Covert Operations during the Truman Administration. She is currently working on a history of the Psychological Strategy Board. She has published articles in Intelligence and National Security and The Journal of Strategic Studies. Essays Short? Her U.S.
Covert Operations and Cold War Strategy: Truman, Secret Warfare and the CIA, 1945-53 (2008) was the in history focus of a recent H-Diplo roundtable. Alonzo L. Hamby is Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio University. He is the author of five books: Beyond the New Deal: Harry S. Truman and American Liberalism (Columbia University Press, 1973), The Imperial Years: The United States since 1939 (Weybright Talley, 1976), Liberalism and Its Challengers (2 nd ed., Oxford University Press, 1992), Man of the People: A Life of essay ghosts in film, Harry S. Truman (Oxford University Press, 1995), and For the Survival of Democracy: Franklin Roosevelt and persuasive the World Crisis of the 1930s (Free Press, 2005), as well as numerous articles and reviews. Review by Joshua Botts, Office of the Historian, Department of State. The views expressed here are my own and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of State or the U.S.
Government. B y the late 1970s,” Nicholas Thompson remarks near the end of microsoft, The Hawk and the Dove , “[George] Kennan and [Paul] Nitze had become the diplomatic equivalents of Larry Bird and in history Magic Johnson: competing icons who admired each other and on my family would be forever linked” (270). He might have added that, for one of them to win, the other had to lose. For forty years, George Kennan and Paul Nitze embodied competing impulses toward the nuclear arms race and the Cold War. Though the two men shared many of the same priorities at the dawn of the Cold War, by the end of the Truman administration they had parted ways on many of the central questions that American policymakers faced during the next forty years. Their most consequential disagreement focused upon whether American policy should be guided by increasingly dire estimates of Soviet capabilities or nuanced, sober assessments of Soviet intentions. Kennan argued that the Soviet Union was weak and persuasive in history that its expansionist impulses derived from its leaders’ perceptions of vulnerability. Nitze countered that Soviet power steadily escalated throughout the Cold War, culminating with his fears that Moscow was poised to wrest strategic superiority from the United States in the late 1970s.
Kennan thought that a more sophisticated understanding of Soviet intentions could defuse Cold War tensions. Nitze believed that greater awareness of on my family, Soviet capabilities was necessary to snap the United States out of speeches in history, its dangerous complacency. Kennan scorned the nacac essay vulgarity of American culture, the mediocrity of speeches in history, American society, and the incompetence of American political institutions. Nitze remained confident of the nacac essay benevolent role that the United States played in the world. Nitze and Kennan, Thompson argues, “represented two great strains of speeches, American thought during the second half of the in film twentieth century.” “One can understand,” he continues, “much of the story of the United States during the Cold War by examining the often parallel, and sometimes perpendicular, lives of Paul Nitze and George Kennan” (6). In The Hawk and the Dove , Thompson grapples with central themes in the history of the Cold War by tracing the convergences and divergences between Nitze’s (who was Thompson’s grandfather) and Kennan’s prescriptions for American foreign policy between 1945 and 1991. When the two men agreed, as they did on the Marshall Plan, limiting Korean War aims, and opposing American intervention in Vietnam, they were usually right (though, perhaps, not when they urged the speeches in history unification and neutralization of Germany in the late 1940s or when they participated in covert programs designed to neutralize domestic radicalism in the 1960s). Even when they disagreed, Thompson concludes, “the two men complemented each other” (313).
For Thompson, Kennan “had an uncanny ability to predict many of the great events of his lifetime,” including how the Cold War would end, how the division of Germany would harden Cold War boundaries, how the pursuit of security would result in a nuclear arms race that threatened humanity’s destruction, and how fissures in the Communist world would give American policymakers opportunities to exploit (4). Nitze, on critical essays in education the other hand, was responsible for speeches, transforming Kennan’s prescriptions for containment into the strategy that kept the United States and its allies safe until the essay ghosts end of the Cold War. By following Nitze’s “militant version of containment,” by “making the speeches in history United States a less tempting target for the Soviets and negotiating deals that would make an attack less likely,” the United States outlasted the Soviet Union (312). In telling Nitze and Kennan’s story, Thompson employs a wide variety of published and unpublished sources, including interviews and essay privately held manuscripts unavailable to previous biographers. Thompson’s memories of Nitze and his use of Kennan’s diaries give his book a uniquely intimate perspective on their lives. That intimacy allows readers to persuasive speeches in history imagine Nitze family tennis tournaments and to monopoly not glimpse Kennan’s anxieties about the propriety of his private conduct. More significantly for scholars, Thompson’s access to new sources also reveals new details about both men’s involvement in the Cold War. This is especially true for Nitze, whose personal papers at the Library of Congress remain closed to the public. Thompson uses these papers in speeches in history two ways.
First, he employs Nitze’s personal notes from significant meetings to link his subject to the ebb and flow of the Cold War. During the Kennedy administration, for an essay family, example, Thompson traces the mounting pressure to intervene in Vietnam through Nitze’s eyes (180) and describes the uncertainties in ExComm that prevented an immediate preemptive attack on Soviet missiles in persuasive in history Cuba through Nitze’s hand (184). Secondly, Thompson uses Nitze’s marginal notes on personal copies of Kennan’s speeches and essays to enrich and enliven the dialogue between the two men. For instance, after Kennan spoke before the Council on an essay on my family Foreign Relations in 1977 to criticize his “friends” who “lose themselves in the fantastic reaches of what I might call military mathematics” and suggest that Americans set aside “all the arguments about who could conceivably do what to whom if their intentions were the nastiest,” Nitze marked up a copy of Kennan’s speech to challenge his friend’s characterization of Brezhnev as “a man of peace” and refute his fear that “the uncertainties [the arms race] involves are rapidly growing beyond the power of either human mind or computer” (269-270). As effective as Thompson is in using Nitze’s personal papers, his priority is engaging a popular audience. Historians still have to speeches imagine the ways those sources will add to nacac essay their understanding of persuasive in history, Nitze’s role in the Cold War when they become available for public use.
Thompson’s use of new sources from Kennan’s manuscripts is also enticing. Though two generations of scholars have explored the complicated story of essays story, “Mr. X” and his relationship to American foreign policy during the Cold War, their work has to be reassessed in light of the new information that has become available since his death. Speeches? Previous Kennan biographers, for ghosts, example, could not describe his participation in speeches the FBI’s surveillance of domestic radicals in nacac essay the 1960s. We already knew that Kennan argued with student radicals in the pages of the New York Times Magazine , but Thompson tells us about Kennan’s involvement in COINTELPRO. In the speeches in history same vein, Thompson uses Kennan’s diaries to illustrate the depth of his alienation from American political and social life, providing additional support for a major theme in the existing literature. Thompson’s portrait of Kennan does not undermine prevailing scholarly views, but it does suggest that forthcoming work based on newly available sources – like John Lewis Gaddis’s authorized biography – will tell us a lot more about him than we already know. Thompson begins The Hawk and the Dove with vivid descriptions of coursework, Nitze’s and speeches in history Kennan’s experience of the end of nacac essay, World War II. In April 1945, Kennan found himself in Moscow, confronted with a throng of Russians celebrating victory over Germany. He worried that Joseph Stalin would pursue a very different kind of vision from persuasive his putative allies in Washington and, even more anxiously, that American policymakers would remain unaware of the not challenges the Soviet Union posed to U.S. objectives.
Nitze found himself interrogating Albert Speer, the logistical alchemist who kept the Nazi war machine moving despite relentless British and American strategic bombing campaigns targeting German industries. By the end of the summer, Nitze had been reassigned to persuasive in history the Pacific, where he evaluated the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The two men’s experiences – one absorbed in divining Soviet intentions and explaining them to disinterested officials in an essay on my Washington and the other engaged in evaluations of strategic doctrines and examining the aftermath of a nuclear war – shaped their priorities for the next four decades. After establishing Kennan’s and Nitze’s personalities with accounts of the speeches austerity and aqa gcse alienation that filled the former’s journey from Wisconsin to Princeton and beyond and persuasive speeches in history the conviviality and confidence that the latter displayed as he marched from Harvard to Wall Street to Washington, Thompson surveys their contributions to Truman’s foreign policy. He provides the immediate context for initiatives like the Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift, the Korean War, and the hydrogen bomb, but his discussion of the Cold War is clearly intended for general readers and not professional historians. Indeed, as Thompson follows Kennan’s and Nitze’s lives in nacac essay the aftermath of their heroic days in the Truman administration, his ambitious attempt to draw as much of the history of the Cold War as possible into his book leads to frequent tangents that seem unconnected to Nitze’s and Kennan’s fundamental debate. Narrative threads like U.S. Navy warrant officer John Walker’s espionage for the Soviet Union (214-216) appear and speeches disappear without much explanation for how they relate to critical in education the whole. Persuasive? In an essays betrayal short story, attempt to persuasive speeches in history broaden his book, Thompson neglected opportunities to deepen his analysis of his key themes. The most significant of these missed opportunities lies in Thompson’s abbreviated efforts to integrate recent scholarship about Soviet decision-making with his evaluation of Nitze and Kennan’s debate about nuclear weapons and U.S. foreign policy. Microsoft Monopoly? Without explaining why Soviet leaders did what they did or how American policy influenced their choices, Thompson can offer only shaky conclusions in his assessment of the decades-long debate between Nitze the hawk and Kennan the dove.
Should American policy be guided by Nitze’s increasingly dire estimates of Soviet capabilities or by Kennan’s nuanced, sober assessments of speeches, Soviet intentions? With brief discussions of probable Soviet reactions to American restraint in essay in film 1950 (109), of Leonid Brezhnev’s anxieties about Soviet military spending (234), of Soviet anxieties about American technological prowess and intentions and the boundless appetite of the Soviet military-industrial complex during the speeches 1970s (261-262) and Mikhail Gorbachev’s prioritization of domestic reform over military spending in 1980s (307-308), Thompson gives his readers insufficient evidence to judge the an essay merits of his protagonists’ cases. Did Soviet leaders see their arms buildup as a way to open a “window of vulnerability” for the United States that would break the will of the free world, as Nitze and his allies in the Committee for the Present Danger argued in the late 1970s? Or did they, as Kennan alleged, invest heavily in nuclear weapons because of deeply-held anxieties about the vulnerabilities of their own society and their concerns about the West’s sophisticated nuclear arsenal and the first-use doctrine embedded in persuasive speeches NATO war plans? Was the arms race a consequence of essay microsoft monopoly, Soviet malevolence or did it reflect a security dilemma that grew out of the sense of vulnerability that plagued both the United States and the Soviet Union in persuasive speeches the nuclear age? Thompson never really engages this question, but his conclusion, that Nitze’s militarized containment and his zealous attention to the nuclear balance between the essays story two superpowers kept the speeches in history United States safe until the fulfillment of Kennan’s prophesy of a Soviet collapse, only essays makes sense if he embraces Nitze’s perspective. To the limited extent that his book addresses Soviet decision-making, the evidence does not address the veracity of Nitze’s fears and speeches therefore does not justify Thompson’s claims. The Hawk and the Dove is an engaging biography of two men who made significant contributions to America’s Cold War.
It offers general readers a compelling reminder of the fears and passions inspired by the nuclear arms race. It anticipates a new round of scholarship on George Kennan and teases historians with glimpses of the materials hidden in boxes of Paul Nitze’s papers in the Library of Congress. Essay Microsoft Monopoly Not? Scholars should appreciate those virtues even as they recognize its weaknesses. Thompson has vividly captured the lives of these “icons” of the Cold War that will be “forever linked,” but, because he does not establish which man “won,” we are still left to argue just who was Magic and who was Bird in persuasive speeches in history the great Cold War debate. Review by essay ghosts in film, Jerald A. Combs, Professor of History Emeritus, San Francisco State University. N icholas Thompson, the persuasive in history grandson of Paul Nitze, has written a fascinating dual biography of his grandfather and George Kennan, Nitze’s most prominent rival as a defense and foreign policy intellectual. Thompson’s connection to Nitze gave him access to a great deal of unexploited material, including the private papers of short story, his grandfather and Kennan’s private diaries. Persuasive In History? He also gained revealing interviews with prominent players in the episodes that featured the an essay on my two protagonists.
With these resources, Thompson has been able to go beyond the extant literature, which has done well in analyzing the policies of persuasive in history, Nitze and Kennan, to delve more deeply into the rationales, motives, and microsoft monopoly emotions behind those policies. This book is intended for the general reader as well as the scholar. The writing is direct, clear, and filled with colorful anecdotes, personalities, and odd facts. The scholar will notice, however, that the in history Cold War context of the conflict between Nitze and an essay Kennan is often rendered so briefly and with such a lack of speeches, nuance that a non-expert would have difficulty judging the wisdom or foolishness of the policies advocated by the two men. This is particularly the case in Thompson’s descriptions of the early Cold War when Nitze and Kennan were in general agreement about the need to contain the betrayal story Soviet Union. Thus, the author states baldly that Kennan favored a hard policy toward the Soviet Union because “he had seen the Soviets double-cross the United States repeatedly over the war’s final months.” (p. 49) He does not discuss what those double-crosses were or what the Soviet perspective on those issues might have been, and thus it is just assumed that containment was necessary. Persuasive Speeches In History? In describing the run-up to the Korean War, he states that “In the South the Americans had installed Syngman Rhee, a devout Christian with a Ph.D. in politics from essays Princeton.” (p.
127) He offers no further description of the chaotic and repressive situation in South Korea, but simply points out that Stalin approved Kim Il-Sung’s request to invade and thus makes it a given that Nitze and Kennan were correct to approve U.S. intervention. He recites Communist moves in speeches Europe in 1948, including the critical essays on resistance Berlin Blockade, without mentioning that the Allies had already decided to unite their zones and persuasive issue a separate currency, thereby challenging Stalin’s hold over eastern Germany. Thus, in almost every case where Nitze and Kennan were in agreement, the nacac essay situation is described in such a way as to assume that their policies were correct. Thompson treats the areas in persuasive in history which Nitze and Kennan clashed with far more precision and nuance. He does simply label the two men hawk and dove in the title of the aqa gcse coursework book and idealist and realist in in history body of his work. He is certainly correct that Nitze was a hawk who almost always urged massive increases in arms along with a considerable readiness to use them while Kennan for the most part urged restraint in the building and essay microsoft monopoly use of arms. He is also correct that Nitze was an idealist in that he believed that the persuasive United States, as the center of aqa gcse, power in the free world, had to arm itself and act boldly to frustrate the Kremlin and change the world for persuasive, the better.
If America wanted peace, it had to prepare for war by acquiring as much military power as it possibly could. Meanwhile, Kennan was a realist in family that he believed it was best for the United States to avoid grandstanding and meddling in cultures it did not understand. Instead, the in history nation should cultivate “an attitude of detachment and soberness and readiness to reserve judgment.” (p. Microsoft Monopoly Not? 133) But Thompson goes well beyond the labels of hawk and dove or idealist and persuasive in history realist in his analyses of the policy conflicts between the two rivals. First, he points out that Nitze and Kennan were actually in agreement at several of short, what Thompson calls “strange” but “critical” moments in the Cold War. Nitze played a significant role in helping Kennan to persuasive implement his policy of containment, especially in critical essays in education formulating the Marshall Plan. Nitze went on to agree with Kennan about avoiding the speeches in history division of Germany between East and nacac essay West, although Nitze abandoned his opposition long before Kennan did. Nitze and persuasive Kennan agreed on the intervention in Korea and both argued against going north of the 38 th parallel. On My? They both opposed the CIA intervention against Mossadegh in Iran. They also both opposed escalation in Vietnam, although Nitze temporarily backed away from his opposition at the very moment he might have had an effect on Lyndon Johnson.
Finally, after the Cold War had ended, Nitze came around to agree with Kennan that the United States should seek the total elimination of nuclear weapons. The disagreements between Nitze and persuasive speeches in history Kennan, however, were far more profound and essays betrayal short story had much greater impact on persuasive speeches in history American foreign policy than their agreements. The most important disagreement between them was the role of military arms in containing Communism. Kennan opposed building the hydrogen bomb; Nitze favored it. Kennan opposed the creation of NATO; Nitze not only nacac essay favored NATO but pushed for a major expansion of it in authoring NSC-68. In NSC-68, he argued specifically that the persuasive speeches in history United States should seek a preponderance rather than a mere balance of power.
He especially wanted a preponderance at the nuclear level on the grounds that it would permit a greater freedom of action at lower levels of conflict. As he put it in chess terms, if you were superior at the level of the queen, you could more easily maneuver your pawns. Later on, as the Soviet Union built its own nuclear forces, Nitze argued more often that the essay in film United States needed to build its arms to prevent the Soviets from achieving a preponderance of power rather than to achieve a preponderance itself. At times he supported arms control efforts that would have restrained U.S. arms building and thus seemed to advocate at least some moderation in American policy. Speeches In History? But Thompson points out in critical essays the most interesting part of his book that Nitze was almost always more restrained when he was in power than when he was out. As a member of the SALT I team negotiating arms control under Richard Nixon, he was willing to trade limits on speeches missile defense for aqa gcse, limits on the Soviet lead in large intercontinental missiles that could carry a great number of nuclear warheads. But he soon found that National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger considered the in history SALT delegation irrelevant to his personal negotiations. Essays Betrayal Short? Kissinger first tried to get Nitze to act as a back channel to persuasive speeches in history himself and essay ghosts in film the president, thus circumventing the leader of the delegation, Gerard Smith, whom they distrusted. When Nitze refused, Kissinger disparaged Nitze’s calculations as Talmudic and speeches in history dismissed the delegation as a disaster. Nixon and nacac essay Kissinger even believed that Nitze had had a part in leaking the Pentagon Papers to the press. In History? Consequently, Kissinger ignored the SALT team and essay traded an Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty for a temporary agreement limiting missiles but setting no limit on the size and throw-weight of the persuasive speeches in history missiles.
Kissinger and Nixon figured that given the greater accuracy of U.S. missiles plus the fact that neither the nacac essay missiles of the NATO allies nor America’s lead in aircraft-delivered warheads were counted against the American side, the two sides would achieve a rough parity. But Nitze was livid about the speeches agreement, and his mood was not improved when Nixon and Kissinger kept the SALT delegation in essay microsoft monopoly Helsinki rather than bringing its members to the 1972 Moscow Summit where final adjustments to the agreement were made. Nixon and Kissinger called only at persuasive, the last minute for the delegation to come to microsoft monopoly Moscow for the signing. Speeches In History? Nitze found himself stranded at the Moscow airport, arrived late to the ceremony, and was left standing in the hall as Nixon and Brezhnev departed with their entourages. When Kissinger began negotiating SALT II. he again bypassed the SALT delegation and omitted the issue of throw-weight from the agreement. Nitze resigned in the midst of the essay in film negotiations and in in history the process did his best to sabotage both SALT II and detente. He publicly said that no reasonable arms control deal would be possible until the president began to uphold the Constitution. He created a furor by critical, leaking the existence of Kissinger’s back channels. He fed Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson, the leader of the Democratic hawks, questions he could use to persuasive embarrass Kissinger when Kissinger appeared before the Senate Armed Services Committee in defense of the SALT negotiations.
Nitze supported Jimmy Carter’s election, but when Carter did not select him for an important defense position in ghosts in film the administration, he attacked Carter’s policies just as he had Nixon’s. As a member of the speeches in history CIA Team B, appointed by President Gerald Ford to check on CIA National Intelligence Estimates of Soviet military strength that Nizte and other hawks considered too low, he embarrassed the Carter administration and the CIA by claiming the Soviets were far stronger than the CIA estimated and much more malevolently intentioned. He also organized the Committee on nacac essay the Present Danger to publicize this view, and in the process brought together Scoop Jackson Democrats and speeches in history Goldwater Republicans in a coalition that would be later dubbed neoconservative. An Essay On My Family? In the process, he testified before the persuasive speeches Senate committee considering Carter’s appointment of Paul Warnke to essays on resistance in education lead the persuasive SALT negotiations. Nitze, who obviously thought that he rather than Warnke should have had the position, told the committee that his old friend was not only wrong and weak on defense, but also was not a good American. He then helped to derail Senate ratification of SALT II. Once Nitze was back in power, however, his tendencies toward a measure of restraint returned. Appointed by Reagan along with many of Nitze’s fellow member of the Committee on the Present Danger to lead the administration’s arms control negotiations, Nitze took his famous “walk in the wood” to try to an essay on my fashion a compromise agreement over intermediate range missiles in Europe.
Both the Soviet and American governments rejected the agreement as unauthorized and too moderate. Moreover, while Nitze favored Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative and did his part to undermine the in history ABM treaty that hindered its development, he did not share Reagan’s illusions that Star Wars could actually intercept a Soviet missile attack. Instead, he thought it would be an excellent bargaining chip to trade for the Soviet giant missiles and their throw-weight. Thus, Thompson concludes, while Nitze was excessively hawkish in his policies and none too scrupulous in nacac essay promoting them, he was ultimately a pragmatist willing to persuasive in history work things out with America’s adversaries. Thompson regards Kennan’s policies of critical on resistance in education, restraint toward the Soviet Union more favorably than he does Nitze’s hawkish views despite the author’s relationship to Nitze. While Thompson ignored the Soviet side of speeches, things in his treatment of the early Cold War, he makes good use of critical on resistance in education, Soviet sources in persuasive speeches his account of the later period and concludes that Kennan was more correct about Soviet capabilities and essays betrayal story intentions than Nitze. Persuasive In History? While Thompson implies that Kennan sometimes placed too much emphasis on the Soviet Union’s supposed intentions and too little on its actual capabilities, he defends Kennan against Nitze’s claim that Kennan went so far as to insist that Western Europe needed no more than a couple of divisions to defend itself. Thomson also agrees with Kennan’s insistence that the containment policy he originally devised was intended to be primarily political rather than military, and that the militarized containment policy brought about by Nitze’s NSC-68 and monopoly the Korean War went well beyond his recommendations. But Thompson goes on to point out the various times that Kennan supported CIA interventions and military actions that pushed the boundaries of political containment.
Thompson also recounts the ungracious and dissembling way Kennan responded to those individuals, like political scientist C. Ben Wright, who called attention to episodes that challenged Kennan’s sense of his own past conduct. Thompson’s primary criticism of Kennan is not of Kennan’s policy of restrained political containment but the speeches in history reasons Kennan advocated it. Kennan’s realist policy was not based exclusively on an attractive modesty about America’s supposedly unique virtues or the essay in film effectiveness of U.S. intervention into cultures it did not understand well. Instead, his approach was influenced by persuasive in history, his belief that democracies were too irrational to follow a proper policy of the sort that wise and educated men like himself would advocate. This was especially true, in his opinion, of a democracy like the United States, which Kennan saw as declining in essay ghosts in film intelligence and persuasive speeches in history morality as its core of Northern European manly culture was diluted and corrupted by the rise in critical essays on resistance influence of lesser ethnicities, genders, and cultures. This bigoted and reactionary side of Kennan has been exposed to some extent by Kennan’s previous biographers, but it comes through more powerfully in quotations Thompson found in Kennan’s private diaries. In the end, however, Thompson takes a rather benign view of his two protagonists despite their various lapses. Kennan was often wise in his counsels of restraint. Nitze usually came around to a pragmatic view of American policy. Persuasive In History? And throughout their long rivalry, the two maintained a civilized relationship.
As angry and dismissive as they might be of the essay ghosts one another’s views at times, they exchanged civil letters, hosted one another at persuasive speeches in history, social events, and even toasted one another graciously at Kennan’s 80 th birthday party. As Nitze remarked during that party, he never had any differences with Kennan “except over nacac essay matters of substance.” (p. 2) Review by Sarah-Jane Corke, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. I n the spring of 1995, as I began the speeches research for my doctoral dissertation, I traveled to Independence, Missouri.
One of my goals, while visiting the Harry S Truman Library, was to look at aqa gcse, Paul Nitze’s oral history. When I asked to do so the archivist at the time, Denis Bilger, told me that it was unavailable. According to Bilger a few years earlier Nitze had sealed his account after someone had published an article that showed the former director of the Policy Planning Staff in a negative light. Bilger told me that my only recourse was to in history write to Nitze and request his permission. I was initially skeptical but I sent the letter anyway. In my note I told him I was working on my Ph.D. and was looking at how covert operations designed to “liberate” Eastern Europe and “rollback” Soviet power could be understood within the context of a strategy of “containment”. Much to my surprise about a month or so later I received his reply. The letter read in part: “The hope and expectation of the containment doctrine was that, if the USSR could be denied the aqa gcse coursework capture and exploitation of additional territory by persuasive speeches in history, military means, their top people would look inward and begin to face their panoply of external problems… We thought it might be useful and wouldn’t hurt much, to give the process a push by overt or covert stratagems.” He went on to note that George “Kennan was a much more ardent supporter of roll-back efforts” than he. Apparently, Nitze “was leery of covert operations because he doubted the ability of the essay ghosts in film American “military capability to carry [them] through to success in persuasive in history the face of the Soviet reaction.” These were shocking words. This was 1995 and the first FRUS volume on essay ghosts in film intelligence would not be released until the following year. Thus I had to wonder if perhaps Nitze was being a bit disingenuous.
His note contradicted the conventional wisdom that Kennan was the author of a strategy of containment, and Nitze, under the guise of NSC 68, had not only militarized Kennan’s strategic vision but also called for a dramatic increase in the number of covert operations conducted by the CIA. Of course the political scientist Beatrice Heuser, and the historians Eduard Mark, Walter Hixson and Melvyn Leffler had all suggested that perhaps Kennan’s strategy went beyond that of the containment of the Soviet threat, and speeches in history a few journalists had brought to essay ghosts light the covert operations that had taken place during Truman’s presidency. Aside from the vague references in persuasive in history the NSC policy papers, however, there was very little primary source evidence to coursework support these claims. As a result, the majority of scholars remained wedded to persuasive speeches in history the traditional argument. Despite the vast array of new evidence available today, and the number of books and articles that have been published on the subject, sadly this continues to story be the case. Nicholas Thompson is no exception. His is very much a traditional history of the cold war. Despite his orthodox interpretation, which is somewhat surprising given his position at Wired magazine, which purports to be “on the speeches in history front lines of the 21 st century,” it troubles me that he remains wedded to nacac essay the belief “that for the most part” the United States “was never actually trying to roll back the Soviet Union.” More importantly, perhaps, although he does recognize that Kennan was, at in history, least initially, a strong advocate of essays, covert operations, he gives us no hint whatsoever about how his grandfather felt about these campaigns.
Yet, despite the lack of a substantive discussion on his grandfather’s position, a subject, which perhaps only I am interested in, I did find his biography noteworthy for what it tells us about the relationship between the two directors of the Policy Planning Staff under Harry Truman. However, what I took away from Thompson’s story was probably not what he intended. Throughout the manuscript he maintains that Nitze and Kennan were “friends,” albeit not best friends. (6) Yet I have to confess that I came away with a fundamentally different conclusion: Nitze really did not like Kennan very much. To be fair Thompson does concede that his grandfather liked to tell “slightly spurious stories” about the so-called father of containment. Speeches In History? Yet to an outsider looking in, it would appear that his grandfather’s “spurious stories” directly impacted his grandson’s view of George Kennan. This tension comes out in the language that Thompson uses to characterize the two men. Throughout the book he sets up Nitze and Kennan as cold war archetypes: the hawk and the dove—the realist and the idealist. But he goes farther than this and creates a gendered binary where Nitze appears the masculine ideal and Kennan feminine. For example he writes that Nitze was active and adventurous, an aqa gcse, “insider,” and a “doer.” He was always “organized,” “logical,” “rational,” and “practical.” He was also “scientific” in persuasive speeches in history how he approached the nacac essay challenges he faced and was “great with numbers.” Moreover he was “popular,” and persuasive speeches “confident.” Not only was he always “the smartest man in the room,” but he was a great dresser to boot. Apparently at one point in his life he was robbed and an essay on my family the only thing the persuasive in history thief stole was his clothes! (94-95, 281, 284) Kennan in contrast, was a “poet,” a “thinker” “a designer,” and essay in film “a luddite.” No one “felt deeper, thought harder or wrote more beautifully.” Moreover Kennan’s ultimate goal in life was simply to achieve “peace and quiet.” And when he got it, according to Thompson, “he used it to flagellate himself.” …Hmmm….. Moreover, unlike Nitze he was always in “doubt, both of himself and others.” Kennan was both a “fatalist,” and “an outsider.” He was prone to “tantrums” and at one point Thompson tells us that his tactics “reeked of Nixon.” I have to assume that he does not mean this in a positive sense.
Indeed, he later compares Kennan to a pterodactyl, which, at least according to my dictionary, is an persuasive speeches in history, extinct flying reptile. To make matters worse, unlike Nitze who was a snazzy dresser, Kennan was color-blind. (226, 254, 256) If you have not bought my argument yet compare Thompson’s use of language when he talks about essay ghosts in film, how each man dealt with difficult challenges. In this context, Nitze becomes “alarmed” by events, while Kennan is “afraid.” His bias even comes across even when he is praising Kennan and criticizing his grandfather. For example he writes that while Kennan had “keen powers of persuasion,” they were “marred with profound vulnerability.” But when “Nitze lost his cool” it was because he was a fiendishly clever man… who was “slow to take orders” and was challenging only those whose job he coveted. (192) The subtext here is of course that he was ambitious. A quality heralded in men but seldom in women. Women, at least in the olden days, were coveted precisely because of their vulnerability. Despite his reliance on gendered stereotypes, which I find more interesting than problematic, I have no doubt that this book will contribute to the growing historiography that challenges our perception of Kennan as the master strategist of the cold war; and rightly so.
It will also further damage Kennan’s personal reputation as we find out that not only was he a philanderer, a racist and an anti-Semite but he was also emotionally unstable as well. At one point he considered taking a cyanide capsule after “a fling with some dame.” (138) Now don’t get me wrong, this was a fun book to read and I have my own problems with Kennan, who by his own admission was a sexist. For this and a number of other reasons I enjoyed the book immensely. Persuasive? It was wonderfully written and contains a number of interesting insights into the characters of both men as well as some juicy tidbits that will keep you interested to betrayal short story the end. It will no doubt garner a wide audience beyond the readers of in history, H-Diplo, which is a good thing.
I only wish that Thompson had been as forthcoming about his grandfather as he was about Kennan. Ghosts? But then perhaps Aleksandr Savelyev was right when he suggested “Nitze was a god”. (3) P.S. Despite Nitze’s letter to me, which I spent more money framing than any piece of art I have bought since, I was still denied access to his oral history. Perhaps I’ve never got over that…. Review by Alonzo L. Hamby, Ohio University. G eorge Kennan and Paul Nitze, Nicholas Thompson tells us, “were the persuasive speeches only two people to be deeply involved in American foreign policy from the essays outset of the persuasive speeches Cold War until its end.” (2) Writing from a unique perspective as one of Nitze’s grandsons, he surveys a half-century relationship between two respectful antagonists who represent a yin and yang of sorts in post-World War II American foreign policy. Scholars of American foreign relations will find little that is new in Mr.
Thompson’s engaging narrative, save perhaps for an occasional tidbit regarding Nitze’s role in the Reagan administration’s arms limitations negotiations. Nonetheless, he has researched his subjects with a thoroughness that academics can admire. An editor at Wired magazine? he writes fluently and focuses as much on character as on policy. Eschewing stereotypes, he depicts two individuals with considerably different personalities and modes of policy conceptualization, reacting to fluid situations with less predictability than his title leads us to expect. The Kennan story will be more familiar to most readers of H-Diplo. Mr. Thompson adds no new twists. He effectively recounts the saga of a boy born to coursework a moderately well-off family in persuasive speeches in history Milwaukee, only nacac essay two months old when his mother died, raised by sisters and persuasive in history an indifferent stepmother, sent off to monopoly a military prep school, going on to college at Princeton.
The common theme in speeches all these phases of his life seems to be one of unhappiness, anxiety, and loneliness, expressed from an early age through poetry that revealed a rare literary talent. The one hero of his formative years seems to have been a distant relative, also named George Kennan, with whom he shared a birthday. A prolific liberal-minded writer on Russian culture and politics, the aqa gcse early Kennan seems to have sparked an interest in speeches Russian history and culture that defined the career of his young cousin. Essay Ghosts? The Foreign Service, a Russian/East European specialization, then postings to Moscow and other important European capitals followed. The Nitze story is less well known.
His father, a University of Chicago professor of persuasive in history, philology, was rigorous and demanding. His non-conventional mother dabbled in radical politics, was attracted to avant-garde art, and took her son on nacac essay trips to in history Europe. Essay Ghosts? Mr. Thompson depicts a boy and young man who was well-adjusted, socially adept, and successful in almost everything he attempted. “Kennan never fit in,” Thompson observes, “Nitze always did.” (24) He moved effortlessly from persuasive in history Chicago to Hotchkiss prep school to Harvard, where he achieved the ultimate distinction of being elected to Porcellian. After graduation, he took a job with the prestigious financial house Dillon Read and became a protege of James Forrestal. In 1940, Forrestal accepted a call to the Roosevelt White House as a presidential assistant.
One of his first acts was to send a telegram to his younger aide: “Be in essay ghosts Washington on Monday.” (38) The end of World War II found Nitze working with the Strategic Bombing Survey, interviewing Nazis (including Albert Speer) in Germany, then pondering the impact of nuclear weapons as he examined the in history ruins of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in critical essays on resistance in education Japan. Nitze’s conclusion in the Survey’s final report that the atomic bomb was not the persuasive major reason for Japan’s surrender, Thompson declares? “was not merited by the evidence.” (66) The author never quite explains this uncharacteristic analytical lapse. Perhaps Nitze tailored his conclusion to conform to essay ghosts Air Force doctrine that emphasized conventional strategic bombing. Nitze, the persuasive author tells us, does seem to have been convinced that the bomb, for all its power, was essentially another weapon. It is true that at the very beginning of the nuclear age conventional bombing raids were capable of inflicting equally extensive (if non-radioactive) devastation on other Japanese cities. Throughout the rest of his career, Nitze would be among those strategists (Henry Kissinger among them) willing to think out loud about the unthinkable—a winnable nuclear war. Aqa Gcse? His bottom-line conviction was that power and the willingness to use it constituted the bottom line of national strength. Kennan, back in persuasive speeches Moscow for aqa gcse coursework, the opening salvos of the Cold War, received a request from Washington for an analysis of Soviet obstreperousness in the months after the Japanese surrender. The result—his famous “long telegram” later published as “The Sources of Soviet Conduct” in Foreign Affairs —soon had him back in Washington at the head of persuasive speeches in history, a new Policy Planning Staff under Secretary of monopoly, State George C. Marshall.
One of his colleagues in the new enterprise was Paul Nitze. The two men admired each other and in history maintained a personal friendship for an essay, the rest of their lives; professionally, however, they were soon antagonists. In the long telegram, Kennan had laid down the doctrine of containment, but he also possessed the professional diplomat’s aversion to military force, had an acute understanding of the limits of American power, and thought of containment as something to be pursued by persuasive, soft means. Betrayal Short Story? Nitze, unencumbered by the inhibitions of the diplomatist, continued to assume the primacy of power in international relations. Kennan recoiled from American universalism, as expressed in the Truman Doctrine; Nitze welcomed it as a sign of American toughness and resolve. Speeches? The two men agreed on the Marshall Plan, but diverged again on the North Atlantic Treaty, especially its military component, NATO.
They also were at odds on the decision to build the hydrogen bomb. Nitze, the aqa gcse author makes clear, was no warmonger; he always sought deterrence, not preventive war. Nor was Kennan a dreamy pacifist; in mid-1950, he backed the decision to speeches use military force in Korea. Nearly thirty years later at the onset of the Iranian hostage crisis, he was willing to support a declaration of war against the Islamic Republic. Still, the general inclinations of the two were clear, and Nitze’s temperament meshed far better with that of Marshall’s successor as Secretary of State, the blunt, no-nonsense Dean Acheson. On My Family? Nitze replaced Kennan as the head of Policy Planning in in history 1949.
In 1950, Kennan began his disengagement from the department. In Education? By then, with Acheson’s encouragement and support Nitze had spearheaded the in history production of on my family, NSC-68, a policy document geared toward a defense buildup of speeches, wartime proportions. Ghosts? This early history of the persuasive in history Kennan-Nitze relationship established a pattern that would prevail for a period of nacac essay, some forty years in which both affected American foreign relations as influential policy formulators and/or critics. Many readers of this book will be struck by the limitations both displayed. Nitze’s NSC-68, for example, sought to persuasive speeches in history remedy real deficiencies in critical on resistance in education deployable U.S. military strength, but overshot the mark. Harry Truman refused to sign off on it until the third month of the Korean War; Dwight Eisenhower effectively cancelled it upon becoming president. Persuasive? As late as the 1980s, Nitze was aligned with individuals willing to argue that the United States could survive a nuclear exchange in essays betrayal story which as many as twenty million Americans might be killed. Yet at the same time he was an arms negotiator in the Reagan administration and sincerely dedicated to the quest for speeches in history, a strategic arms limitations agreement. The quality of nacac essay, Kennan’s mind and persuasive speeches the seductiveness of his prose have obscured his own weaknesses, both as a man of action and an essay family as a thinker. Made ambassador to the Soviet Union in the final year of the Truman administration, he hardly had time to persuasive speeches in history get settled before being thrown out for declaring that the experience was comparable to his internment by the Nazis after Pearl Harbor. As undiplomatic as it was truthful, the ill-considered remark deprived the United States of valuable services Kennan could have rendered from Moscow.
Appointed ambassador to Yugoslavia by John F. Kennedy, he unnecessarily antagonized Yugoslav dictator Joseph Broz Tito, whom he criticized for essay microsoft monopoly, supporting Nikita Khrushchev’s resumption of nuclear testing. He then irritated Kennedy and influential congressmen by lobbying too insistently for favored trade status for Yugoslavia. After two years he resigned, having failed to make the most of persuasive in history, his position at a strategic outpost of the Cold War. As one of essays betrayal short, his subordinates put it, “he was a better writer than an ambassador.” (183) But perhaps he was also a better writer than a foreign policy thinker. Throughout his career, Kennan complained about persuasive speeches, being misunderstood. Walter Lippmann, who wrote a dozen articles, later published as a small book, attacking “The Sources of Soviet Conduct,” is the best-known example, but hardly the only one.
Until Kennan published his memoirs, many liberals thought him an on my, amoral cynic of Metternichian proportions. He was not good at managing the tug of speeches in history, war between the foreign policy realism to which he was rationally attached and the highly developed moral sense that he felt deeply. Perhaps it was this struggle that led him at times into foreign policy prescriptions that were almost other-worldly, such as his advocacy in the 1956 Reith lectures of German reunification and neutralization. An Essay? At times, Kennan conveyed the impression that he believed diplomacy could be successfully conducted without deployable power. An elitist who believed foreign relations should be run by persuasive in history, educated and experienced gentlemen like himself, he was tone deaf to the imperatives of democratic politics. If nothing else, Paul Nitze served as a necessary counterbalance.
Kennan’s thinking requires much more development than Thompson gives it. Kennan’s classic American Diplomacy (1950) receives scant examination. His historical works are dutifully mentioned but given little or no analysis. His two volumes of memoirs, which the author rightly tells us rank with The Education of Henry Adams as literary masterpieces, rate two pages of summary. Kennan’s influential and widely read Russia and the West under Lenin and Stalin (1960) is not mentioned. Nor is in film there any effort to develop a context for persuasive in history, his thinking within a larger school of foreign policy realism.
Kennan was often bracketed with Hans J. Morgenthau and nacac essay Reinhold Niebuhr, neither of whom appear in this book. By contrast, Paul Nitze comes across as little more than a pragmatic technocrat, and something of a one-dimensional foil to the visionary Kennan. Nitze, it is true, did not reveal a tenth as much of himself to in history a wide public as did Kennan and thus can easily be thought a man of limited capacities. Still, the author’s memory of Gramps sipping red wine and ghosts in film reading Joseph Conrad suggests a wider-ranging mind than we see in his narrative. (“Missiles are boring,” Nitze tells his grandson. “Conrad is interesting.” () It is a shame that we cannot know more about what seems to persuasive in history have been a complex inner self. Nicholas Thompson has given us a well-crafted piece of in film, popular history that will motivate at least some of its readers to delve more deeply into the lives of its protagonists and to learn more about the Cold War in which they were soldiers. Response by speeches in history, Nicholas Thompson, The New Yorker. I t is an honor to have had my book critiqued by four scholars, all of whom clearly read with care. Each also asks questions I had not thought of, and offers lines of microsoft not, inquiry that I would like to pursue. I am of speeches, course, delighted, by the various compliments.
As a general response, I note that there is nacac essay a slight tension in the critiques and the praise given to the book. The central theme of the praise is that the book is briskly written; the in history central theme of the criticism is aqa gcse that it would have been better had it delved more deeply into persuasive, one of several complicated subject areas. Briskness and essay microsoft monopoly thoroughness are not, of course, mutually exclusive, and in history I would hope that all the reviewers would agree that there are some parts of the an essay family Cold War into persuasive, which I dug quite deeply. But should add that one reason the aqa gcse book is readable is because it is relatively narrow. I constantly crossed out speeches in history, potential chapters and essay not sections in persuasive in history a desperate effort to keep the book relatively contained, no pun intended. I wanted to cover the Cold War, and microsoft not the lives of two extraordinary men, in a volume that would not be so thick that it would menace people, unread, from their bookshelves. That defense is not of persuasive speeches, course absolute. Nacac Essay? I certainly could have added some material and left out other parts of the book. I agree, actually, with Professor Combs that I should have spent more time explaining the historical context in situations where Kennan and Nitze agreed, particularly regarding policy toward Berlin in persuasive speeches in history the late 1940s.
Professor Hamby is correct to flag the fact that I was not able to offer a complete and persuasive explanation for essays betrayal, Nitze’s puzzling analysis of the bombs dropped on persuasive speeches in history Hiroshima and Nagasaki; that episode remains, to me, one of the mysteries of his life. Professor Corke is essay not correct to note that I do not add a great deal to speeches the historical literature about Nitze’s involvement in early CIA operations; I just didn’t find any. Mr. Botts is, I believe, correct in nacac essay his critique that I didn’t spend sufficient time explaining what recent Soviet archives teach us about the nuclear policy of the U.S.S.R. in the 1970s and 1980s. As it happens, in fact, I have a forthcoming essay in the Journal of Contemporary History on just this topic. Skipping from nuclear weapons to basketball, for a minute, I do however disagree with Mr. Botts, in one place. In my book, I said that Kennan and Nitze became the diplomatic equivalents of Magic Johnson and Larry Bird. Mr.
Botts notes this and writes, “He might have added that, for persuasive in history, one of them to win, the other had to lose.” That’s true for a given game, but it’s not true for a career. You can have a riveting and inconclusive argument about who was the better player; just as you could have a lively debate about Nitze and Kennan’s views of Soviet nuclear intentions, without describing one as right and one as wrong. For the critical essays on resistance record, I do think that Nitze vastly over-estimated Soviet efficiency and persuasive speeches ascribed to them a much darker worldview than deserved. Essays On Resistance? I also, however, believe that Kennan vastly overestimated how much the United States could have influenced Soviet policy by, for example, proposing a policy of no-first-use. (Also: I grew up in Boston and in history Bird was better than Magic.) Along these lines I am quite pleased that Professor Corke and Professor Hamby came to essays betrayal short story different conclusions. Professor Corke takes me to task for being biased toward Nitze (my grandfather); Professor Hamby believes that the book portrays Kennan as much more of a visionary. As I worked on the book, I was often asked which of the two men I agreed with, and, thankfully, I could always answer that I wasn’t sure. Kennan was absolutely wiser; Nitze was, absolutely, a more dedicated public servant. Readers to the book have likewise had differing views of the relative merits of the two men.
As to Professor Corke’s claim that I portray Kennan as a woman and Nitze as a man, there’s probably something to in history it. Essay? Women are portrayed as more emotional in writings of history, and Kennan certainly was far more emotional than Nitze. But I also believe that Professor Corke has overstated her argument, in persuasive part through selective quotation. To take one example, at the end of short, a paragraph listing praise from the book for Nitze, and criticism for Kennan, she writes, “To make matters worse, unlike Nitze who was a snazzy dresser, Kennan was color-blind.” It’s true that Nitze was a snazzy dresser; and it’s true that Kennan was color-blind. But her point—that sartorial praise for Nitze illuminates a greater bias toward him—is not accurate. After all, two sentences before mentioning Kennan’s eyesight, I also described him as a snazzy dresser. It’s a trivial matter, but I think the selective quotation is in history telling and reveals a flaw in what I consider an overstated critique. Overall, the essays essays are all reasoned and illuminating. Persuasive In History? And to Mr. Botts, I add that many of Nitze’s papers at the Library of Congress are open and have been for the last few years. (One need only file a request to the Nitze estate for access; and all such requests have been granted in recent years.) I donated a further collection of papers—the sixty or so boxes that I discovered behind a boiler at the School of on my, Advanced International Studies—to the Library about eighteen months ago.
Those documents are currently being processed, and will, I hope, be opened soon.  Kennan’s views appear in The Cloud of Danger (1977).  I should note that while today I always put danger quotes around “containment” I did not then. In 1995 was still writing very much within a modern historical tradition, hence my question to Nitze.  Paul Nitze to author, June 1, 1995.
 Now he does concede that these were not hard and fast characterizations, and that neither men “conformed exactly to the labels” but he concludes that for most of their lives these characterizations were 90% accurate. By the 1970s he concludes that both men “truly became the hawk and the dove” 231.
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Top 10 Famous Persuasive Speeches that Rocked the World
Microbiologist CV Writing Service. If you’re a logical thinker with an enquiring mind, and you’re strong in biological sciences, this job could be ideal for you. Microbiologists study the biology of micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae, mainly in speeches in history, laboratories. Critical Essays In Education? You could work in a variety of different job areas, from healthcare to agriculture. In this job you’ll need to be good at solving problems and working accurately. You’ll need to in history be a good communicator and work well in short, a team. You’ll also need to keep up to date with the persuasive speeches latest scientific developments. To be a microbiologist you will usually need a degree in essay monopoly not, a relevant subject such as microbiology, biology, or another biological science with a strong focus on microbiology.
Some employers may also prefer you to have a relevant postgraduate qualification and some work experience. As a clinical microbiologist in a healthcare setting, you would aim to identify pathogens and diseases to protect the community from the spread of infection. Alternatively, you could work in persuasive speeches in history, research and aqa gcse coursework development for the pharmaceutical and food industries, in agriculture, the environment, education and the emerging biotechnology industries. Your work might involve: monitoring, identifying and helping to control infectious diseases using molecular biology techniques to develop and test new medicines and treatments for disease investigating the potential of micro-organisms to produce antibodies, vaccines, hormones and other biotechnology products assessing the use of microbes for use in food production, crop protection and soil fertility monitoring the persuasive quality and safety of manufactured food and medical products using micro-organisms to control pollution and break down toxic substances creating ways to betrayal story dispose of waste safely. Your duties would often include presenting the findings of speeches in history, your research, supervising the work of support staff and essays carrying out administrative work.
If you worked as a researcher and lecturer in a university or teaching hospital, you would also be involved in tutoring, mentoring and supervising students. You would usually work 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday. For some jobs you may need to work an on-call rota. The majority of your work will take place in a laboratory, and you would wear protective clothing to speeches in history prevent contamination. There may be some travel involved in an essay, your work, for in history example, to attend scientific meetings and conferences. The following figures are for a clinical microbiologist working in the NHS: Starting salaries can be between ?21,200 and ?27,500 a year. With experience this can rise to around ?35,000. Managers can earn over ?40,000.
Salaries may be higher in the private sector. Figures are intended as a guideline only. To be a microbiologist you will usually need a degree in a relevant subject such as microbiology, biology, or another biological science with a strong focus on microbiology. Some employers may also prefer you to have a relevant postgraduate qualification and some work experience. To get on to a degree in microbiology you will usually need five GCSEs (A-C) including science, English and maths, plus at least two A levels including biology and preferably chemistry. Check with course providers because alternative qualifications may also be accepted, and some run foundation or bridging courses for students without a science background. Increasingly, you will also need experience before applying for your first job. Essays Betrayal Story? You may be able to in history get this through a work placement as part of a sandwich degree course, or by arranging work experience with companies during the on my family holidays (check the Society for General Microbiology (SGM) and Society for Applied Microbiology (SFAM) for in history details of an essay on my family, summer working schemes). Your university or local NHS Trust may be able to give you further advice about voluntary opportunities. It is also possible to get into microbiology by working your way up from laboratory technician. Speeches In History? This would involve studying part-time for a relevant degree.
Once you are working as a microbiologist, you will usually receive on-the-job training from your employer in areas such as lab techniques and technology, and management/supervisory skills. Some employers may also encourage you to ghosts study for a postgraduate qualification or membership of a professional body, such as the in history Society of General Microbiology (this would also help you with professional development). Working in on my family, the NHS, you would start in a trainee clinical scientist post and spend up to persuasive in history three years on a structured training programme working towards an MSc in Microbiology. In Education? To qualify as a clinical scientist (specialising in microbiology) you need a further two years’ experience in in history, the lab before you can apply for the Association of Clinical Scientists Certificate of essay, Attainment. Once you have the Certificate, you can apply for state registration with the Health Professions Council (HPC). See the HPC and Association of persuasive speeches in history, Clinical Scientists’ websites for an essay further details of approved courses and state registration, and see the Clinical Scientist job profile for persuasive more information on other areas of clinical science. As a microbiologist you will need to have:
the ability to keep up with the latest scientific developments an enquiring mind clear and logical thinking good problem-solving skills high levels of accuracy and attention to detail good teamworking skills the ability to lead a team excellent spoken and written communication skills the ability to work with statistics and relevant computer packages. In the NHS, you could work in the diagnostic and pathology departments of larger hospitals and medical schools. You may also find work in universities, industrial research and coursework development, scientific analysis and investigation, medical and technical writing, and government agencies such as the Food Standards Agency or the Health and Safety Executive. Jobs are advertised in the local and in history national press, in scientific journals and by specialist recruitment agencies. The science industry is nacac essay, part of the engineering manufacturing, science and mathematics sector, represented by Semta Sector Skills Council. This sector also includes the following industries: automotive manufacture; electronics and electrical equipment manufacture; mechanical equipment manufacture; metals; and transport equipment manufacture. Persuasive Speeches In History? Across the sector as a whole, the workforce comprises approximately 2 million people, working across around 75,000 companies. UK engineering and science turnover is over ?250 billion.
British engineering exports amount to nacac essay 37% of total UK exports of goods and services. The UK is Europe’s top location for investment in speeches in history, pharmaceutical and biotechnology research and essay microsoft not development. The science industries comprises pharmaceuticals, manufacture of persuasive speeches, medical and nacac essay surgical equipment plus science and engineering research and development, so covers a range of disciplines. This research and persuasive development work takes place in a variety of establishments, such as university departments, research based employers or other scientific based employers. Overall, it comprises: Research based pharmaceutical companies that discover, develop, market and distribute medication and drugs Research and development in pharmaceutical manufacturing companies Bioscience companies that are a spin-off from university research departments The application of bioscience to produce innovative medicines, therapeutics and nacac essay medical devices The application of speeches, bioscience for the processing and production of materials (i.e. the use of bioscience in engineering industries) Research and experimental development in bioscience. Bioscience-related companies tend to be located in clusters (e.g. On Resistance? science parks that are sometimes linked with university hospitals). One of the most significant cluster groups is around Cambridge, Oxford and London.
There is also a large cluster in the North West, where there is a long established pharmaceutical industry. Speeches In History? In Scotland, clusters are centred around Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow. In Wales and Northern Ireland, clusters of companies are centred around the main universities. There are an estimated 191,000 people employed in the industry in Great Britain, which includes those involved in research and development with science qualifications, as well as those with other qualifications and job roles that are not science related but are essential to the business. There are an estimated 6,490 companies. Nacac Essay? The South East and East of England have the largest Science Industry (Bioscience) employment in the UK.
91% of the pharmaceuticals workforce and 88% of the medical devices workforce is speeches, full-time. Around 6% of those in science occupations are self-employed. The workforce has a young age profile. Bioscience graduates need to have strengths in essay in film, chemistry, mathematics and physics, some course are not equipping them with the skills to cope with the cross-disciplinary nature of modern bioscience or the practical aspects of laboratory work. Currently, there are insufficient numbers pursuing technical courses, making it difficult for industry to recruit good quality technicians. Jobs in the industry range from: analytical chemist/scientist, biochemist, biomedical engineer, biomedical scientist, biologist, biotechnologist, clinical scientist, microbiologist, physicist, research scientist, education lab technician, laboratory technicians, medical laboratory assistant, scientific laboratory technician, process/product design engineer and persuasive speeches in history production engineer. East Midlands – The science industries in aqa gcse, the region employ 8,700 people in around 390 establishments. The healthcare sector is important in in history, the region. East of England – The science industries in the region employ 30,500 people in around 900 establishments. There is nacac essay, a well-established bioscience industry in the region.
Cambridge has: Over 185 biotech companies Around 20% of the world’s Nobel Prize winners in in history, medicine and chemistry 17 of the UK’s publicly quoted biotech companies A quarter of the public biotechnology companies in Europe. London – The science industries in the region employ 20,400 people in around 840 establishments. Essay? The following are the key activities of the speeches in history region: Therapeutics; Contract Research Organisations; Biomedical engineering; Bioinformatics; Bio-nanotechnology; Food, environment and renewable; and Agricultural bioscience. North East – The science industries in the region employ 7,600 people in around 200 establishments. Healthcare is a leading employer in the region, with over 140,000 people working in nacac essay, biotechnology, healthcare and life science companies, the NHS and associated health organisations.
High level medical research is being carried out in the region’s universities and persuasive in history institutes (including the aqa gcse coursework Institute for Ageing Health, the Life Knowledge Park and many others). There are also strong clinical capabilities within the region’s hospitals. North West – The science industries in the region employ 17,800 people in speeches in history, around 580 establishments. Several major pharmaceutical companies are located in the region. Aqa Gcse Coursework? There is in history, also a rapidly expanding biotechnology community and internationally renowned academic and clinical research strengths. The main types of bio-activity in the region include: Biopharmaceutical manufacture and essays on resistance research; Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine; Treatment of infectious diseases; Clinical trials and informatics; and Cancer research and speeches care. South East – The science industries in the region employ 49,200 people in around 1,260 establishments. The region has the highest concentration of health technologies companies in essay ghosts in film, the UK. In History? World-renowned universities, medical schools and institutes undertaking pioneering health research are located in the region. 30% of the UK’s life sciences research and development activity is carried out in the South East; 9 out of 10 of the essay ghosts world’s leading life sciences companies; and the top 12 global pharmaceutical companies have operations in the South East.
South West – The South West is a major centre of biomedical research with internationally recognised expertise, employing around 15,500 people in 560 companies. Employment in the sector is growing faster than the national average; there was a 48% increase in employment numbers between 1998 and 2004. The following are key areas of persuasive, bio-activity in coursework, the region: Biomedical; and Healthcare. West Midlands – The science industries in the region employ 5,300 people in persuasive speeches, around 420 establishments. A further 500 to 600 companies have also had some recent interest or involvement in medical technologies. Almost half of the activity in the West Midlands is manufacturing related and more than a third service oriented.
The region is known for: The most advanced ophthalmic surgical centre in the UK, located at The Academy of Life Sciences, Aston University Creation of the nacac essay first pacemakers and plastic heart valve Development and commercialisation of the first ‘his and her’ home fertility kits Trial and speeches in history development of the first allergy and herpes vaccines Concept and development of first ever device to detect skin cancer. Yorkshire and the Humber – The science industries in the region employ 10,800 people in around 450 establishments. Bioscience companies in the region are focused on: entrepreneurial drug discovery and development; tissue engineering and biomaterials; and Plant biotechnology. There are also a number of Contract Research Organisations (CROs). There is a strong presence of pharmaceutical and medical device organisations in the region. Northern Ireland – The science industries in Northern Ireland employ 3,100 people in around 140 establishments. Northern Ireland’s main focus is on Cancer Biotech and microsoft monopoly not Medical Devices. Other areas of strength are: tissue engineering; diabetes; bioinformatics; clinical trials; neurodegenerative diseases; and infectious diseases. Scotland – The science industries in Scotland employ 14,300 people in around 480 establishments.
Scotland has strengths in most aspects of Bioscience, strong research and development groups and a coordinated policy focus through the Scottish Life Sciences Strategy. Cancer research, Cardiovascular research, Neuroscience, Genomics, Proteomics and bioinformatics, Signal transduction biology, Stem cell research and regenerative technology, Virology, and speeches Immunology are key areas of focus in Scotland. Wales – The science industries in Wales employ 7,600 people in around 270 establishments. Bioscience enterprise in Wales includes: diagnostics; medical technology; clinical trials and drug development; systems biology; and agricultural biotechnology.
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Famous persuasive speeches
A Long Forgotten Sex Crime Held My Life Hostage. Speeches! In the winter of 2012, as my fiftieth birthday approached, I began to write what turned into my autobiography, a look at my own life through the ghosts in film, lens of food. In it, I told the persuasive in history, truth about my father beating my mother, my math teacher molesting me, my marital problems, all without anger or overdramatization. Essay Monopoly Not! I tried to persuasive paint these powerful male figures in my life as human, fallible, and complex, with problems of their own. Where's your rage? a friend asked when she read the section about an essay family, my teacher.
That fucker molested you! I'm not angry, I told her, feeling strangely agitated. It's just another thing that happened to me. I don't want to give it undue weight. In History! I used my father's and ex-husband's real names, but I changed my teacher's. What was the point of coursework, identifying him? What good could come of it? He was in his seventies now.
The past was over. Then, when my memoir, Blue Plate Special , came out in July 2013, I got booked—to my amazement and excitement—on National Public Radio's Fresh Air . They like to go into the dark stuff, my publicist pointedly warned me. So be prepared for persuasive speeches in history, that. It's a book about food, I said, laughing. What could they possibly find to talk about that I have to be prepared for? I sat down in the small NPR affiliate station in Portland, Maine, where I live, put on the headphones in the dark studio, bellied up to the mike, and there was Dave Davies' famous voice in my ear, asking me to read a section from aqa gcse coursework, my book: the part in which my father attacked my mother, punching her and persuasive speeches in history, pulling her hair, when I was a toddler, over a breakfast of soft-boiled eggs. With a strange sense of essays betrayal, dislocated dread, I read the scene aloud, trying not to let my voice shake from the remembered scariness. Davies asked me how witnessing something as traumatic as that had affected me throughout my life. I didn't want to be my mother; I didn't want to be the person who got beaten up, I said. So I identified with the person who was doing the beating—my father. It was true: I had always adored my father, even after, at nine years old, I had to call the cops on him while he beat my mother and watched him being led away in handcuffs and pretty much out of my life forever.
In a family of persuasive speeches, all girls, I was always the boy in my mind—the protector, the masculine one. No one would ever have to worry about me. But it didn't make it any less hard to talk about. I kept waiting for Davies to essays betrayal short story change the subject, and in history, he finally did. Your high school teacher molested you, he said. You were a victim. You were a victim : The words reverberated in essay monopoly not, my head, and I could hear his certainty, his insistence, like a bloodhound on the scent of good radio. Was I? I said. Persuasive! I don't really identify that way. The rest of the interview passed in nacac essay, a weird blur.
When it was over, I stumbled outside, where my boyfriend was waiting. In History! How did you do? Brendan asked. I don't know, I said. He kept insisting that I was a victim. I didn't know what to say. On My! I had been determined, all my life, not to fall victim to anything: not my father's physical abuse of my mother and total abandonment of my sisters and me, nor my math teacher's ongoing molestation of me in high school, nor my many adult years of severe alcohol abuse and bad choices. Anyway, none of in history, it could hurt me, now that I'd found a good relationship, a stable professional life, a strong, warm community of friends and family. I was also sure my self-destructive behavior was unconnected to anything that had happened to me: I was a survivor, dammit. And it could have been so much worse. My father hit and microsoft monopoly, punched my mother, not me.
He left us, but we still had our mother, the heroine. And my math teacher didn't actually have sex with me; he had sex with other girls. And he wasn't the only teacher at that school who did it—there was a whole circle of abuse. I had gotten off easy and had no right, no cause, to view my prior adult life as anything but my own damn fault, my own doing. Telling myself this made me feel powerful and invincible, gave me a comforting sense of agency and persuasive speeches in history, free will. If I fell into one relationship after another with men who were either emotionally tuned out and unavailable or hotheaded and essays short, controlling, or both, it was because I was lacking in good sense about men. In History! If I was chronically in debt, always drunk or hungover, unable to jump-start my writing career, then I was incapable of nacac essay, making good decisions. Persuasive Speeches In History! No more, no less.
And it was no one's fault but mine. My first novel, In the Drink , begun when I was 29 and floundering and published when I was 36 and married, was about a 29-year-old woman whose life was even more screwed up than my own had been. A number of readers complained when it was published. She's such a loser, one wrote. Nacac Essay! I hate reading about a smart, educated woman whose life is going off the speeches in history, rails. It's her own fault, but she does nothing to help herself, said another. To my grim satisfaction, this confirmed what I'd known all along: It was my own fault that, for so many years, I had been stuck and coursework, I hadn't seen a way out. Worse than debt, bad relationships, and drunkenness, though, was the fact that my sexual fantasies scared me, and in history, I couldn't seem to control or stop them. The only people I told were my husband and ghosts in film, my best friend; they reassured me that we didn't have to feel guilty about our fantasies. They weren't real.
But my fantasies horrified me. In them, I was always a middle-aged man, and the object of my lust was always a girl. In History! These young girls were never real to me, though: I never once identified with them. Aqa Gcse Coursework! My psyche was fused to the man's. I was sickened and shocked by persuasive speeches, the depredations of my own sexual imagination. In real life, I had always been romantic, passionate, vanilla—what I thought of as normal.
But alone with my own sexuality, I was despicable. I scandalized myself. And I couldn't stop it. Monopoly! I even tried to come up with other, healthier fantasies—adultery, BDSM—hoping these lesser transgressions would do the trick, but they always morphed right back to speeches in history me as a grown man. Orgasms were followed by self-loathing, shame, even fear. I knew I wasn't an abuser in real life. I couldn't figure out microsoft monopoly, what was wrong with me. The schism between my romantic feelings and desires as a woman and persuasive, my shameful sexual fantasies as a man widened in my twenties and thirties. I felt a persistent sexual angst and essay monopoly not, sadness. I never felt fully female. I had shut that part of persuasive, myself down early in essays, life—I knew that much, at least—but I couldn't let myself see the connection with what had happened to me when I was 16.
By my early forties, this sense of alienation and wrongness was so intense and persuasive speeches in history, pervasive that I accepted it as my nature. In Education! Likewise, my distance from my own femaleness, my own sexuality, had begun to seem as if it were my lot in life—just how I was made. In History! The older I got, though, the nacac essay, worse it became, and the more I began to persuasive in history feel hijacked, colonized. But I resolutely refused even to entertain the idea that my high school math teacher—that plump, bald, manipulative, seemingly affectionate, deeply destructive man who lived next door and took me for aqa gcse, nighttime walks—had done any lasting damage. Speeches In History! I was stronger than he was. Like my father beating my mother, he was the weak one, the one who couldn't control his urges. I was aware on some level that because I was so determined not to be his victim, I identified with him in critical on resistance, my fantasies instead to appropriate his power for myself.
I even joked to my best friend that I had sexual Stockholm syndrome. But this realization didn't change or resolve anything. Although I was married, a published novelist with years of therapy under my belt, my fantasies were getting increasingly dark and persuasive, bizarre. Sexually, I held myself back, felt myself performing—was this how women acted? I saw everything through my husband's eyes, vicariously feeling his pleasure instead of my own. My marriage lasted 12 years, most of them happy ones—at least on essay the surface.
But by speeches in history, the end, my life was going off the rails again; I was experiencing severe panic attacks and ghosts in film, drinking to excess. There it all was—the dark stuff I thought I'd outgrown. I was imploding, hurting myself instead of facing the truth: I was desperately lonely in the marriage; admitting this felt like a failure and a defeat. I tried everything I could think of to stay. After I finally left my husband, I felt, in addition to grief and speeches, sadness, deep relief and a gradual return to not groundedness. My panic attacks stopped. I quit self-medicating with alcohol and out-of-control behavior. I woke up in the morning without a sense of heavy dread.
Feeling angry and bereft had become so habitual, so familiar, that the cessation of these feelings hit me with the persuasive, force of a revelation. Essays On Resistance In Education! Some months later, I fell in speeches, love with Brendan, a calm, emotionally present younger man, and after spending 20 years in New York, I left the city for nacac essay, good. Speeches! We bought a house in Portland, Maine, and embarked on a quiet, content, settled life together. Essay Ghosts In Film! But my deviant fantasies continued, and I was still afraid to let myself go sexually, still performing, focused on my partner's pleasure rather than my own. It seemed that no matter what I did or who I was with, I could never escape the pattern. Writing about speeches, it in nacac essay, my novels and autobiography didn't help. No therapist could help me get at the root of the problem. Even when I sat down to persuasive speeches in history write the story of my life, when I decided to change the nacac essay, teacher's name, I was pulling my punches. I was afraid of what might happen if I said too much; and, after all, it had taken place more than 30 years ago.
What was the point of digging up all that old, painful, confusing, weirdly shameful stuff? Surely we had all moved on, students and teachers alike. A few of the transgressors were dead; one had Alzheimer's, or so I'd heard through the alumni grapevine. Why resurrect the school-wide sexual abuse of persuasive, so long ago? I had graduated in 1980. An Essay On My! And I was over it. Then, about a week after the NPR interview aired, I got an e-mail from the present head of my old high school. They wanted to talk to speeches in history me about what I'd written and betrayal story, what I'd said on the radio.
They asked if we could meet in in history, person as soon as was convenient for me. Instantly I was 16 again—scared, guilty, a trouble-maker, an outsider. Aqa Gcse! I couldn't answer right away—I stewed for a while. What did they want? Were they angry with me? Had I done something wrong? Not only in history, were they not angry, they wanted to aqa gcse make restitution, to take full responsibility for the sexual abuse that had taken place. They had identified my math teacher from my description of him and had forbidden him from persuasive, ever again contacting anyone connected with the school. A letter had gone out to critical in education the entire school community identifying him, referring to my book and speeches, interview.
The school not only believed my story, they supported me. Then they hired investigators who engaged in a thorough, aggressive inquiry into what, it soon emerged, had been widespread sexual abuse among the school's teachers and students in aqa gcse coursework, the 1970s and persuasive in history, '80s. They contacted alumni and students, past and present faculty, and community members. They connected the essay microsoft monopoly, dots with yearbook pictures and cross-examinations. In September 2013, an investigator flew to speeches Iowa City, where I was teaching. In the days before she arrived, I had a series of panic attacks, chewed my cuticles raw, and could neither sleep nor concentrate. When she arrived, I saw that she was kind, warm, but extremely professional, a little younger than I was, but of my generation: the perfect interlocutor for me to talk to about this.
She sat across from me at my dining room table and waited for me to betrayal story begin. It was so much worse for my friend, I began, and then, to my horror, I burst into hard, wrenching sobs, 35 years too late. Over the next five hours, I told her everything I knew: the students who were molested, the teachers and parents who violated our trust, my own experiences. Persuasive! And then I described the nights my math teacher showed up at the house where I lived, working as an coursework, au pair for room and board, to invite me to speeches take a walk with him. It began innocently enough: He asked about my homesickness and depression, and nacac essay, I confided in him, flattered by his interest, desperate for attention and persuasive speeches, affection. He had a brusque kindness, a seemingly sympathetic manner. But then, in a dark field, he crushed me in a viselike hug, rubbed his hard-on against me, possibly came, although I didn't know for sure, kissed me on the mouth, laughed with sexual excitement when I struggled to break free, and essay in film, held me even more tightly. Persuasive! I told the investigator about my total shame afterward, lying awake, feeling paralyzed, confused, and essay microsoft monopoly, terrible. These walks went on through my junior year and into in history, my senior year. I was unable to family say no; I couldn't tell him to stop. He hadn't raped me.
He hadn't taken any clothes off, mine or his. But I knew, by her reaction, that he had abused me. I let myself know it too, for the first time in my life. He had abused my body, my sexuality, my trust, my vulnerability, my youth. Persuasive In History! He had abused his power as a teacher, an adult, a community leader, and a man.
I was 16, fatherless, far from home, insecure, and in need of essays story, warmth and affection. He was 36, married, a father, and a respected, beloved, and upstanding community member. He was the Green Meadow Molester, a schoolmate e-mailed me the speeches, day after I wrote to tell him how the interview had gone. You blew the lid off the silence. You were the only one who spoke up.
I didn't blow the lid off on aqa gcse purpose, I wrote back. Dave Davies made me! You've done a good thing for persuasive speeches in history, so many people. You're heroic, he shot back. But I wasn't heroic—I was a victim, though by monopoly, making public what happened, I ceased to be only a victim. Several months have passed since I met with the lawyer.
I've stopped fantasizing that I'm that lecherous man I couldn't shake for in history, so many years. For the first time in decades, my fantasies no longer scare me. And when my boyfriend and I have sex, I'm right there in my own body, looking into his eyes, fully present and female. On My Family! It feels as if some magical transformation has taken place, as if I've been returned to my rightful self. This year, because of the book and its aftermath, I feel as if I've resolved the pain I felt from my father, my failed marriage, and, in persuasive speeches in history, some ways most crucially, my adolescence.
The panic attacks and aqa gcse, the urge to self-sabotage have ceased—I hope forever. I am no longer afraid to admit that I was affected profoundly and painfully by it all. It took almost half a century, but my life is my own now. Persuasive In History! The investigation ruined the Green Meadow Molester's life. It has made him a pariah in his old age, an outcast in his own community. It's too late for him to aqa gcse face trial and go to prison, but this punishment strikes me as almost worse. But as long as he went unpunished, free, in in history, possession of the respect and trust of others, I was still his victim. And because he was a serial predator with nothing and essays short, no one to persuasive in history stop him, he was always free to abuse others.
I saw him, once, in the spring of coursework, 2009. He was in persuasive in history, the audience when I stood at nacac essay, a podium in the high school gym, giving the graduation speech. He made a beeline for me afterward. Speeches In History! I held my ground, looked him in the eye, did not allow him to see how much I hated him. Critical Essays On Resistance! And then I went home to Brooklyn and speeches in history, collapsed. Essay Monopoly Not! I did it, I told Brendan, strangely proud of persuasive speeches, it. I'm not proud of it now. But I am free of him, as far as I can tell. Now that it's all been brought into the open, now that everyone who wanted to has had a chance to tell the truth about what happened back then. Nacac Essay! Now that I've talked about it on persuasive the radio, to the investigator, to a journalist, even to a police detective—the once unthinkable stigma of victimhood seems like a very small price to pay for the rewards of speaking up.
It seems so simple now. Pretending for more than 30 years that I was unaffected by him—my skewed machismo, my defiant self-protectiveness—hurt me more than he ever did. Coursework! I was a victim. I couldn't acknowledge it. And it fucked me up.
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Free Essays on The Company Man Ellen Goodman. Essay: The Company Man The typical business man involved in corporate America works anywhere from six to ten hours per day. Phil, “the Company Man ” worked six days a week sometimes until eight or nine at night, making himself a true workaholic. Speeches? Using his life story before he died Goodman is able to. Caddell Comp. 1301 9/23/12 The Company Man In “The Company Man ” by critical essays on resistance, Ellen Goodman , Phil is a fifty-one workaholic who lost everything to speeches in history, his job. He had lost connection to his family and had no outside or extracurricular activities. In the story, Goodman uses repetition, precise statistics, irony. article “The Company Man ,” Ellen Goodman uses stereotypes about an average man to convey her attitude towards Phil. Phil is a character who works himself to family, death in his corporate job.
Goodman reveals in her article that in order to be a “ company man ,” Phil sacrifices his everyday life. Ellen Goodman uses diction. Analysis of Rhetorical Strategies in The Company Man Rhetorical Strategies in persuasive speeches, “The Company Man ” In “The Company Man ” by Ellen Goodman , throughout the passage Goodman illustrates her feelings of distaste and anger toward Phil, as he in her mind represents Corporate America: routine, indifferent, almost robotic. In Education? Goodman uses numerous rhetorical strategies. “The Company Man ”: An American Dream or Nightmare? In the satirical essay “The Company Man ,” Ellen Goodman criticizes the lifestyle of Phil, dehumanizing the persuasive speeches “American Dream” through the use of contradictory repetition, pathetic persuasive techniques, and sterile diction.
Using repetition Goodman emphasizes. ?Background Goodman Company is essay ghosts a single plant manufacturing company that produces small rubber automotive parts. Persuasive Speeches In History? Due to consistent growth in revenue, management has decided to add new employees in order to ensure that all 3 shifts are fully staffed. Current trends show that a further increase in. all but drowned by the murmur of conversations in the intervening space.
I don’t suppose any of the other customers noticed the middle-aged man in the brown jacket with the essay not fur collar when he shuffled in speeches, and pulled himself onto a high stool at the far end of the ghosts in film bar. He was in speeches, his sixties, which. ?Workaholics and Workaholism: A Growing Problem for Companies Workaholics – people, who have a compulsive and unrelenting need to work – appear more and more among the working people of Estonia and other developed countries. At first glance, workaholics do not seem to in film, be such a problem for. SAFASFSFASFSAFAF DDSFDSA FSADF SADS. argument for or against homosexuality. Curtis (2012) argues that there is persuasive speeches in history a logical argument against homosexuality based on the fact that man cannot make love to another man , and essay in film a woman cannot make love to another woman. They further argue that it was God’s will that human procreate and persuasive speeches homosexuality seems. Journey with Faith Analysis of critical essays on resistance “Young Goodman Brown” Nathaniel Hawthorne is a revered writer who allows the reader to imagine and paint a picture in the mind of the in history events taking place in on my, a story. His writings intrigue the brain and give way to attaining fresh knowledge.
He did not conform. The Age of Innocence; Gangs of New York; The Aviator and The Departed. In The Age of Innocence we became very familiar with two very different women, Ellen , played by Michelle Pfeiffer, and speeches May, played by Winona Ryder. What makes this movie so groundbreaking for a new outlook on women in Scorsese films. Ford Motor Company Strategic Audit. Ford Motor Company Strategic Audit Abstract The purpose of this paper is to essay in film, give a brief detail of the strategic audit of speeches in history Ford Motor Company . The method of research used was Internet research by topic. In addition to the class textbook audit example used, other written references in the area of. ?The Company Man Ellen Goodman In Ellen Goodman's The Company Man the family members and the presidents of the company are at Phil's funeral. Each one of them holding within him/her a way that they remembered Phil in.
They also tell many things about themselves and Phil. Each and every one. Ellen Goodman’s attitude toward Phil in her column, The Company Man , comes off as a bit mocking. The use of repetition allows her to clarify her tone toward Phil even further. She conveys this attitude specifically when she uses quotations and explanations of his family members. Aqa Gcse? Goodman’s constant. Ellen Goodman’s satirical essay The Company Man , analyzes the life of a man named Phil, “a workaholic”, a “perfect type A” that had almost literally “worked himself to death”, working everyday for hours, until one Saturday at persuasive, 3:00 a.m., Phil dies quite ironically, on his only day off of the an essay on my week. Setting and It's Effect on Understanding Young Goodman Brown.
Understanding Young Goodman Brown Every tale ever told shares similar formal elements. All of these formal elements have equally important consequence on a story. The setting of a story has direct correlations to the way that the reader consumes the meaning of the story. Persuasive In History? The setting in Young Goodman Brown allows. One of the major themes in “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne is duplicity and the way that nothing is as it seems. Essay Monopoly? Using elements from essay question 1, consider the role and in history importance of names in this text. For instance, the title character “ Goodman Brown” has a name that at first suggests. Say A Prayer for the Youth of America Ellen Foster is the compelling story of a young girl who is critical essays in education thrust into reality at a very early age. Speeches? Written by Kaye Gibbons, the novel is coursework a documentary of the saga of persuasive speeches growing up. It is a recurring theme, growing up, depicted through many events over the course. MGMT 520 Week 8 Final Guide Legal, Political, Ethical Dimension of essays Business Keller 100% Correct.
assisted Marvin with the coaching. Over time, Marvin’s “jokes” that were directed at the young man became very aggressive. Marvin continued, even though the young man asked him to stop. Speeches? In fact, after the young man told Marvin to stop, as he felt harassed, Marvin hired another lifeguard to assist him with. music to make a living. Henderson soon found work demonstrating sheet music for W.C.
Handy's music publishing company . He left that company to become a manager at the Black Swan Recording Company , and aqa gcse coursework organized a band to support Blues singer Ethel Waters. Black Swan was a new label and Henderson took advantage. Page 1 Questions: A well-known pharmaceutical company , Robins Robins, is working through a public scandal. Three popular medications that they sell over the counter have been…(Points : 15) (TCO B) The FDA decides to persuasive in history, require all pharmaceutical companies to immediately implement the tracking bars (UPC). ?David Serrato Professor Teinert August 28/2015 Discussion Guide #1: Death By Work On Several occasions in “The Company Man ”, Ellen Goodman highlights vivid characteristics of Phil that can be perceived of many professionals today. One characteristic is workaholic, paragraph 1, for example, she says. The Company Man Analysis In the essay “The Company Man ,” the microsoft not author, Ellen Goodman , expresses her feelings towards the persuasive man Phil.
Throughout the selection, Goodman uses a plethora of rhetoric devices to convey her attitude from the perspective of the coursework narrator, Phil’s wife, towards Phil. Goodman portrays. Dual Listing Companies on Multiple Stock Exchanges. FIN 403 Module 4 Dual Listing Companies on Multiple Stock Exchanges What do you think are the main advantages and persuasive speeches in history disadvantages of listing your company in different stock exchanges in essay, different countries? In today’s global economy, many companies consider listing their shares on persuasive, multiple. Ellen Goodman has been named columnist of the year, she has won the Pulitzer Prize in aqa gcse, 1980, as well as writing books, essays, and reports. In History? She is an educator, researcher, and a syndicated columnist to an essay on my, name but a few of in history her talents. The short story that Ellen Goodman wrote, called “The Company Man ” really.
was the president. Audrey told Molly that all of the proceeds from ticket sales would go to the charity. Prob 8: Business Expense Deductions Can Ellen , who is an essay family a self-employed accountant, deduct the following items as a business expense deduction? Can or cannot take the following amounts as a business. Compare and Contrast Within Young Goodman Brown and Araby. Professor No name 11 February 2011 Comparison and Contrast Within Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” and James Joyce’s “Araby.” The short stories Araby, by James Joyce and Young Goodman Brown, by Nathaniel Hawthorne are both stories about change; however both characters change in persuasive, very. Blankenship English 2238 5 July 2008 Life is about how you deal with adversity and temptations when they come your way. Early in his life, Young Goodman Brown experiences an enticement from the most evil being, Satan. In the nacac essay dreary woods of the forest, Brown finds a way to escape the devil and wakes.
Mary Ellen Wilson Child Abuse Case, 1874. rights proponents. As the factors began to persuasive speeches, converge, one little girl stood out to in education, Ms. Wheeler. Mary Ellen Wilson, at the age of ten, had lived with her foster parents for eight years. Persuasive? The treatment of Mary Ellen Wilson by her guardians prior to her rescue sparked the movement to betrayal short, create the NYSPCC. Because. Stan “The Man ” Lee Gary Gendaszek Honors U.S. History January 18, 2008 On December 28, 1922, at the corner of Ninety-Eighth Street and West End Avenue in New York City, a child was born. Persuasive In History? This child, the son of two Romanian immigrants, would indeed grow up to be one of the most well known.
? The Company Man by Ellen Goodman Elie Mbys-Davidson Journal Journal turned in July 23rd 2013 Dr. Pollick WRTG 101S-Camp Schwab In this essay Goodman retaliates at the middle class, constantly trying to essays in education, become the upper class in a fit of greed lost in a fog. The Company Many is an ironic essay. about an old man and a young man who lived with him, and speeches in history went crazy because he thought he had an essay, evil eye. Persuasive? This story freaked me out a little bit because in the real world there are people out there who are really crazy like that and it makes you think a lot. The young man loved the Old man dearly, but. “The Company Man ”: An American Dream or Nightmare? In the satirical essay “The Company Man ,” Ellen Goodman criticizes the lifestyle of Phil, dehumanizing the “American Dream” through the use of contradictory repetition, pathetic persuasive techniques, and sterile diction. Using repetition Goodman emphasizes. rejected it more violently than ever before.
3. Critical In Education? “Young Goodman Brown” is an allegory of man’s journey through life. As the persuasive speeches in history title character walks through the woods, he begins relatively innocuously but not a clean slate. From the very beginning, Goodman makes a choice. Instead of staying with his wife. Wardrobe: Peillian Joeshen Wardrobe Assistence: Linsay Damon David Atterman Wardrobe Maneger: Kirsey Hellens MAKE-UP DEPARTMENT Make-Up Supervisor: Ellen Jacksons Peer Make-Up Assistents: Denice Lepence Gercian Joupan Hairdressers: Jersey Pisia Dina Victoriason EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT 1st Editorial. “The Reasonable Woman Standard,” by Ellen Goodman , although one-sided, was one of the most amusing and entertaining articles that I have ever read. In this article, Goodman theorizes that even though women are finally “speaking out” against essay microsoft monopoly sexual harassment in the workplace, women still have a long. I – Company Situation Making Beer in one of the heaviest consuming country can sometimes be more difficult than it seems. Persuasive Speeches In History? Mountain Man Brewing Company is an old middle-sized brewery of the Centre-East region of the United States that produces a very well known beer, the Mountain Man Lager. Aqa Gcse? Appreciated. ‘America’s greatest playwright’ and the ‘American 2 August Wilson’s Fences Shakespeare’.
After the production of this play at in history, Yale, Chicago’s Goodman Theatre, the monopoly not Seattle Repertory Theatre and in San Francisco, Fences opened on persuasive speeches in history, Broadway at the 46th Street Theatre on 26 March 1987. Fences, however. their job was to receive and pay for the bodies used for dissection in class. Then Fettes coincidentally meets Macfarlane at nacac essay, a tavern, along with a man named Gray, who treats Macfarlane as an inferior. The following night, Macfarlane brings Gray's body to be bought. Persuasive In History? Although Fettes is now sure that his. Hawthorne was obsessed with the an essay themes of sin and guilt. In his short story Young Goodman Brown, the main character Goodman Brown goes off into the woods and undergoes what will be a life-changing experience.
Young Goodman Brown was written in the nineteenth century but is undoubtedly set in persuasive speeches, the seventeenth. The Path of Sin In Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorn, the author uses symbolism to establish the theme that evil prevails. The reader is taken through twists and turns then left questioning the sanity of every character. Naturally people try to short, do right by man , yet most end up falling head. and Subjective Effects of Airborne Noise from Industrial Ultrasonic Sources. Persuasive? Brit. J. industr. Med., 24, 297-304. Anderson, L. M., Mulligan, B. E., Goodman , L. S., Regen, H. Z. Critical Essays? (1983).
Effects of sounds on preferences for outdoor settings. Environment and Behavior, 15 (5), 539-566. Aniansson, G., Peterson. ------------------------------------------------- In “Some Moral Minima” I believe Lenn Goodman is persuasive speeches right when he says certain things are simply wrong. Coursework? I agree with Goodman on speeches, the issues he discusses such as slavery, genocide, terrorism, murder, rape, polygamy, and aqa gcse incest. Persuasive Speeches? I agree with Goodman on these issues because there is essays betrayal never a good time.
| Ellen Goodman uses an arsenal of rhetorical strategies to demonstrate her | |sentiments towards the main character, Phil -- one of the few, cold individuals| |able to persuasive, march robotically through life, frigidly and indifferently pursuing the| |forever unseen pinnacle of success. Phil, to on my, Goodman. Fiction Essay: Young Goodman Brown. February 22, 2014 In Nathaniel Hawthorne's short story Young Goodman Brown, the in history author uses mystery and suspense to hold the attention of the reader. Coursework? From the beginning to speeches in history, the end of the story, Hawthorne leads the reader. Analysis of The Company Man In the essay “The Company Man ”, by Ellen Goodman , she argues that life shouldn’t be separated by work and one’s personal life, because work never finishes, and life can be taken at any time. Phil in nacac essay, the other hand was focus on getting recognition on persuasive speeches in history, his hard work, ending. In “Young Goodman Brown”, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses different people as symbols. The main symbolic characters in the story are Goodman Brown and his wife Faith. Both of these names are symbolic and in different ways show off their identities.
Goodman Brown is honestly a good man but temptation causes. Young Goodman Brown, Dream or Reality? of the story “Young Goodman Brown” lead us to believe that he is merely dreaming. The fact is on my family that Young Goodman Brown does have a life changing experience in the forest, but it doesn’t necessarily mean he was enduring it. It is learned throughout the in history story that Young Goodman Brown is a good Christian. GoodMan -Kind Most people would agree that Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story “Young Goodman Brown” is one that really puts one’s mind to the test and leaves a lot of core concepts up to opinion on what Hawthorne is aqa gcse truly trying to speeches in history, portray.
The main character of the story, Goodman Brown, is a man with. Religious Themes Found in Young Goodman Brown and Sweat. Running Head: RELIGIOUS THEMES Religious Themes Found in microsoft monopoly, Young Goodman Brown and Sweat L.A. In History? White April 26, 2007 Religious Themes Found in Young Goodman Brown and Sweat When a person faces a crisis his faith is nacac essay often tested. It is usually during these times that his true character. ?Jessica Moreno Young Goodman Brown Questions 1. Who is the narrator of Young Goodman Brown? What advantages does the narrative point of view give the persuasive speeches in history author? The short story “Young Goodman Brown” is narrated in third person. The narrative point of view allows the author or narrator to essays short, have knowledge. Ellen Olenska as a Mythological Muse in the Age of Innocence.
Ellen Olenska as a Mythological Muse in The Age of Innocence Long ago in ancient Greece, mythology was used to explain our world, our lives, and most importantly, our interpersonal relationships. Still today Greek mythology is infused into speeches, the literature of critical essays on resistance in education almost every influential and lasting author. Ellen Glasgow: Insurgent Womanhood in Her Novels. Society” Title of the Research Paper: “ Ellen Glasgow: The Insurgent Womanhood in persuasive speeches, Her Novels.” Presented by aqa gcse coursework, : Alpesh Upadhyay (Lecturer in English) Saraspur Arts Commerce College, Ahmedabad. ELLEN GLASGOW (1874-1945), was a transitional. In the book Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Goodman Brown wife's name is important to the story because Goodman Brown loses his faith but his wife Faith keeps her faith.
The story takes place in a puritan town in speeches in history, Salem back when there believed to not, be witches. Persuasive In History? Goodman Browns grandfather and. Veil vs. Goodman I In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short stories Young Goodman Brown and The Minister’s Black Veil there are many thematic connections between both protagonists and antagonists. Some of the essay microsoft not protagonistic similarities in these tales embrace that both of the characters become complacent about. Goodman Brown and in history his “Faith” In the story of “Young Goodman Brown” Nathaniel Hawthorne uses symbolism throughout the story to give it a deeper meaning. Brown’s curiosity has led him into essay ghosts in film, a forest full of temptations.
As humans, we have a sinful nature which can sometimes overpower our conscience. “Young Goodman Brown” is a short story that depicts the persuasive speeches ancient struggle of man between faith and sin. Critical Essays In Education? Symbolism is the main component the author, Nathaniel Hawthorne, uses to speeches, show the struggle Goodman Brown experiences with his religion on the night of his walk through the essays betrayal story woods. Nathaniel uses things. Pathway to a Hard Heart Throughout history children and adults alike have been told to do what is right, to follow the rules, told to be good. “Young Goodman Brown” is a story that questions cultural assumptions about what is true and good. It questions basic rules and customs that were, and still are, valued. ? Ellen Goodman , the author of the short story, “ Company Man .” The story was all too real and speeches relatable. Betrayal Short Story? Something that can happen and tear apart the in history best of an essay families.
A father or mother constantly working, over working, and in history becoming so involved with their job that their family begins to live in the shadow. Fiction: “Young Goodman Brown” By: Nathaniel Hawthorne The short story “Young Goodman Brown,” follows the dream of a Puritan man in Salem. In the dream, Goodman Brown comes face to face with the devil who shows him the short story real evil in man . Throughout the story, Goodman Brown is put.
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Tips for freshers – How use Naukri.com effectively for job search. Naukri is a hindi word which means work, Naukri.com is in history, a website started by microsoft not, Sanjeev Bikhchandani in 1997. He is an alumnus of speeches IIM Ahmedabad, this website in now serving as a database to all the recruiters and HR’s whomsoever is giving out a job. Even if you are looking for a job change you can use this website. Essay Ghosts. Using this website is simple, but using this website effectively needs a smart brain. If you are using this website effectively you get good responses daily at in history, least one phone call per day from a recruiter. Essay Not. Kingslee Durai gave me these tips to get interview calls when I was curiously looking for speeches in history, a job. I personally feel this is an “Idea worth spreading”.
Actions that you have to do for getting calls from the recruiters daily:- Update your resume every day:- Particularly if you are updating it in between 12am – 5am certainly, you will get a call from a recruiter. So timing for the update of on resistance in education your resume is more important. To update daily, you have to upload a new resume with minor changes. Even if you upload the speeches in history old resume you profile get updated automatically.
Updating your resume resets your activity, when recruiter search for profile he/she will get results based on your last login or activity. Essay Monopoly Not. Hence, it become mandatory to update your resume everyday. Your resume title and keywords specified by persuasive speeches, your has to be optimized. When recruiters search they use keywords to on resistance in education get into speeches in history, your profile. They follow a google search technique hence it is wise to use relevant keywords of your job interest. Some of the wrong titles for your view.
ii) Krishna’s resume. iii) MBA Fresher. Right usage would be – i) MBA- Marketing and Human Resource fresher 2010. ii) Iphone developer with knowledge of microsoft monopoly not Objective C, COCOA, XCODE – 2 years of experience. Likewise give out the correct keywords which would increase the probability of getting your resume when it was searched by the recruiter. Mention your key skills like the area that you are specialized in with the knowledge and experience that you have. Example: C,C++ language with 1 years of experience in in history software development.
Seeking for an entry-level executive position where I can contribute towards the organization as well as to hone business skills. Similar to your profile, jobs are also update based on recency. On Resistance In Education. Hence a recent job post means the recruiter is actively looking for in history, candidates. Nacac Essay. Click the persuasive in history apply button only once to reduce redundancy. Have a neat and updated resume:- Resume should attract the essay recruiter to call you. Work on the resume very well and upload it. By doing this you can get good responses and calls. Recruiters will disturb you all the day if you follow these steps. Persuasive In History. Make your job search easy and happy.
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Can you neat resume for frashers pls send my mail Id firstname.lastname@example.org. Will send you tomorrow. first of short story all,thank u for such a selfless effort u have here sir. cud u plz send me a sample resume for Electronics Comunication fresher. i wud be highly thnkful. cud u send a resume for persuasive, ece fresher. i wud be highly thankful.
Sorry aish I will send you tomorrow. Sorry for the delay. plz send me best resume to update in noukri …(email@example.com) what should i write in family “functional are and roll” coloumn . pls reply. Functional area and role should best reflect your skills.
You need to speeches in history ensure all the betrayal story work taken by you should be written clearly. I will send the persuasive speeches resume shortly. And sorry guys I was bit late in response for those people who commented during November month. sir.. what could be a good ‘profile name’ in an online job portal for an M.Tech – Environmental Engineering post graduate. Environmental Engineering Graduate with “so and so expertise or experience”. can you send me resume. as I am working as a sap- billing executive. thanks in advance.
can you send me fresher web developer cv sample.. can you send me fresher web developer cv sample.. Thanks dear for such a nice helping tips.. myself Hardware Design Engineer with 4 years of experience..could u plz send me a sample resume for this profile.. with Functional area and role defined..also resume heading.. Essay In Film. thnx. Thanks dear for such a useful tips.. myself a Hardware Design Engineer in Embedded field with 4 years of experience..could u plz send me a sample resume for this profile with functional area and role..thnx. sir, kindly send me a neat resume format. Thanks for the tips. Persuasive Speeches In History. Can you please send me the neat resume @ firstname.lastname@example.org.
sir pls send me a resume (fresher) pg. i m not getting call for job what to do. Awadhesh. Please check whether your job title is matching the industry requirements. Essays. Change your profile accordingly. Also update your resume everyday. i m not getting interview calls what to do. Awadhesh. Please check whether your job title is matching the industry requirements.
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But I can send you a generic one. sir could you please send resume formats for freshers to essay email@example.com. Sir, can u please send me sample resume format for b.e computer science and for my friend he did tally erp 9 want to apply for accountant post both for fresher. Please post ur email id. Thank you sir for the advice…!
Could you send me best resume for b.com (banking and insurance ) fresher? Ha sir i am not getting calls from naukri till now .but i applied so many jobs. Siva please use proper title for your job. Speeches In History. Eg) 1 year experience in an essay on my family PHP/ Web development. Don’t just use PHP developer. And update your resume everyday so that you will be listed on the top.
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May i know how to speeches write profile summary for Bcom freshers. May i know how to write profile summary for essay monopoly, Bcom freshers. Hello sir could you please help me out in sending a resume for a fresher for mca profile. it is a excellent way. WHAT TO WRITE IN PROFILE NAME IN NAUKRI.COM.
Mohamed if you are referring to resume headline. The resume headline has to given briefly which can talk about persuasive speeches in history, your skills or your experience. Essays. Eg) Assistant Professor with 4.5 years of persuasive experience in nacac essay teaching marketing management, online marketing and in history, consumer behavior. sir please send resume for fresher (b.e-mechanical) to this mail id. Sir I want the aqa gcse coursework resume model for persuasive, (B.E-Mechanical engineering) to this mail. Please send me effective resume model for BE-CSE fresher on an essay email@example.com. Can u give me a best resume format for in history, MBA. Now im persuing MBA with specized in finance(major) and an essay on my, marketing(minor). How to reply to the recruiters if i get mail. Plz give me one example.
Dear (Recruiter’s name), Thanks for providing me an opportunity to attend interview at speeches in history, your office. Essays Short. I will be there at speeches in history, your office on essays betrayal short the specified date and time as mentioned in the email. Please send me bedt cv formet. I need freshers resume format too,can you send me please firstname.lastname@example.org. Hello sir I have a query that while adding academic project details in naukri website it is asking as “please specify the client”, so what I fill in that field.Please help me sir. Client is the company you worked for. If you have any project under the guidance of your faculty mention that as Independent Project in the client details.
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i jz want a cv (fresher) the better one plz. i jz want a cv for fresher a better one . -) can you plz send me best resume format for fresher at firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you sir for the advice…! Could you send me best resume forB.Sc (Information Technology ) fresher? I had completed my B.E. (ETC) and currently pursuing M.E.(VLSI Embedded system). Can you please send me best Resume format for fresher at email@example.com. naukri profile asks me to speeches in history enter a functional area ,but I am a fresher in instrumentation.So what should I put in functional area block? Hello Adi. Please key in the area in which you are planning to make your career.
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I did MSc in physics .what i have to put in resume headline. Sir I am searching job from essay ghosts in film, 6 months I also registered in naukri.com ,and many others jobs searching sites but never I received call from recruiters only they send mails or msg from consult which ask for pay money after pay them money they get lost away, how I complete my 100% profile in naukri.com site and speeches in history, how I make a eye catched profile on it plz suggest. See you need to fill up most of the details requested by the site. It is critical essays, quite tough to get 100%, since it may ask for speeches in history, projects and essays betrayal, details. Many may not have project on hand to do it. It is speeches in history, advised not to aim for 100% instead fill in critical in education the key skills required for speeches, the job and other details. Respected sir, i need to ask. is premium id on naukri usefull for essays on resistance in education, btech-mechanical freshers. and secondly pls send me some suitable format of resume. sir i don’t have experiance, what will be write in persuasive speeches in history Current Professional Details(experiance details) in essays story naukri.com profile. It can be your project experience or internship. #128578; Ensure you have certificate with you.
Sir, i need attractive resume for ca freshers, please send to persuasive me @ firstname.lastname@example.org. Sir what is to be written in alert name dialog box? I’m not sure frankly. I will let you know if I come across that one.